Orphan of the Pecos
Orphan of the Pecos is a 1937 American Western film produced and directed by Sam Katzman and starring Tom Tyler, Jeanne Martel, Howard Bryant, Forrest Taylor. Written by Basil Dickey, the film is about a cowboy, falsely accused of murdering a rancher whose body he discovers. Before the sheriff arrives, he escapes and tries to find evidence to clear his name and help the rancher's daughter save her ranch; the film was released in the United States on December 1937 by Victor Pictures. Rancher Hank Gelbert receives a visit from his foreman, Jess Brand, who wants to see Gelbert's daughter Ann. Knowing that Brand is only interested in Ann to get money to pay off his gambling debts, Gelbert tells him to clear off his property; as Gelbert opens his safe to pay Brand his last wages, Brand shoots him and takes off with the money. On the road he encounters Ann and tries to persuade her that he loves her, but she does not trust him, knowing he only wants to marry her as a way of getting the ranch. Meanwhile, cowboy Tom Rayburn, a stranger to the area looking for work, encounters a medicine salesman and ventriloquist, Jeremiah Mathews, on the road outside of town.
While Tom is amused by the salesman's talents, he declines to purchase any of his "medicine" and continues on to the Gelbert ranch, where he discovers Gelbert's body. When Ann and Brand arrive at the ranch, Ann finds Tom leaning over the body and assumes that he murdered her father. While pretending to search Tom, Brand plants the stolen money in his pocket and announces what he "found", he encourages Ann to shoot him, but she chooses to let the law handle it. While they wait for the sheriff to arrive and Brand get into a fight and Brand is knocked unconscious; as Tom prepares to leave, Ann picks up Tom's gun and threatens to shoot him, but he knows she will not do it. He takes his gun, tells her he will return to her to explain, leaves; that night as promised, Tom returns to the ranch and shows Ann the letter he received from her father offering him the foreman's job. He points out that Brand had much more to gain from her father's death than he did. Ann gives him her father's coat. Tom heads into town and finds Mathews, the only witness who can prove his innocence.
Brand sees them talking and kidnaps Mathews outside of town and take him to a shack, where they instruct him to sign a document that would undermine Tom's alibi. Meanwhile, Tom discovers Mathews' abandoned car, locates the shack, frees the medicine salesman. After Tom returns to the Gelbert ranch, he and Ann see Brand approaching. Ann urges Tom to stay hidden. In the house, Tom gets the three wait for Mathews to arrive; when he shows up he provides Tim with a clear alibi. Using his skills as a ventriloquist, Mathews throws his voice and pretends to be the dead Gelbert, unsettling Brand to the point where he confesses to the murder. Just Brand's men arrive and during the ensuing fight and Mathews manage to escape. Tom escapes with Brand and his men in hot pursuit. Along the trail, Tom captures Brand and his men; when Ann arrives, she offers Tom the foreman position at her ranch and he accepts. Tom Tyler as Tom Rayburn Jeanne Martel as Ann Gelbert Howard Bryant as Pete Slim Whitaker as Sheriff Theodore Lorch as Jeremiah Mathews Forrest Taylor as Jess Brand Marjorie Beebe as Mrs. Barnes Lafe McKee as Hank Gelbert Roger Williams as Slim Orphan of the Pecos on IMDb Orphan of the Pecos at the TCM Movie Database Orphan of the Pecos at the American Film Institute Catalog
Winchester rifle is a comprehensive term describing a series of lever-action repeating rifles manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company. Developed from the 1860 Henry rifle, Winchester rifles were among the earliest repeaters; the Model 1873 was successful, being marketed by the manufacturer as "The Gun that Won the West". In 1848, Walter Hunt of New York patented his "Volition Repeating Rifle" incorporating a tubular magazine, operated by two levers and complex linkages; the Hunt rifle fired what he called the "Rocket Ball", an early form of caseless ammunition in which the powder charge was contained in the bullet's hollow base. Hunt's design was fragile and unworkable, but in 1849 Lewis Jennings purchased the Hunt patents and developed a functioning, if still complex, version, produced in small numbers by Robbins & Lawrence of Windsor, Vermont until 1852. Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson of Norwich, acquired the Jennings patent from Robbins & Lawrence, as well as shop foreman Benjamin Tyler Henry.
Smith made several improvements to the Jennings design, in 1855 Smith and Wesson together with several investors formed a corporation, the Volcanic Repeating Arms Company, to manufacture Smith's modification of the Hunt-Jennings, the Volcanic lever-action pistol and rifle. Its largest stockholder was Oliver Winchester. For the Volcanic rifle, Smith added a primer charge to Hunt's "Rocket Ball" and thus created one of the first fixed metallic cartridges which incorporated bullet and powder in one self-contained unit. While still with the company Smith went a step further and added a cylindrical copper case to hold the bullet and powder with the primer in the case rim, thus creating one of the most significant inventions in firearms history, the metallic rimfire cartridge. Smith's cartridge, the.22 Short, would be introduced commercially in 1857 with the landmark Smith & Wesson Model 1 revolver and is still manufactured today. The Volcanic rifle had only limited success, attributable to the design and poor performance of the Hunt-derived Volcanic cartridge: a hollow conical ball filled with black powder and sealed by a cork primer.
Although the Volcanic's repeater design far outpaced the rival technology, the unsatisfactory power and reliability of the.25 and.32 caliber "Rocket Balls" were little match for the competitors' larger calibers. Wesson had left Volcanic soon after it was formed and Smith followed eight months to create the Smith & Wesson Revolver Company. Volcanic moved to New Haven in 1856, but by the end of that year became insolvent. Oliver Winchester purchased the bankrupt firm's assets from the remaining stockholders, reorganized it as the New Haven Arms Company in April 1857. Benjamin Henry continued to work with Smith's cartridge concept, perfected the much larger, more powerful.44 Henry cartridge. Henry supervised the redesign of the rifle to use the new ammunition, retaining only the general form of the breech mechanism and the tubular magazine; this became the Henry rifle of 1860, manufactured by the New Haven Arms Company, used in considerable numbers by certain Union army units in the American Civil War.
Confederates called the Henry "that damned Yankee rifle that they load on Sunday and shoot all week!" After the war, Oliver Winchester renamed. The company modified and improved the basic design of the Henry rifle, creating the first Winchester rifle: the Model 1866, it retained the.44 Henry cartridge, was built on a bronze-alloy frame, had an improved magazine and a wooden forearm. In 1873 Winchester introduced the steel-framed Model 1873 chambering the more potent.44-40 centerfire cartridge. In 1876, in a bid to compete with the powerful single-shot rifles of the time, Winchester brought out the Model 1876. While it chambered more powerful cartridges than the 1866 and 1873 models, the toggle link action was not strong enough for the popular high-powered rounds used in Sharps or Remington single-shot rifles. From 1883, John Moses Browning worked in partnership with Winchester, designing a series of rifles and shotguns, most notably the lever-action Winchester Model 1886, Model 1892, Model 1894, Model 1895 rifles, along with the lever-action Model 1887/1901 shotgun, the pump-action Model 1890 rifle, the pump-action Model 1893/1897 shotgun.
The first Winchester rifle – the Winchester Model 1866 – was chambered for the rimfire.44 Henry. Nicknamed the "Yellow Boy" because of its receiver of a bronze/brass alloy called gunmetal, it was famous for its rugged construction and lever-action "repeating rifle" mechanism that allowed the user to fire a number of shots before having to reload. Nelson King's improved patent remedied flaws in the Henry rifle by incorporating a loading gate on the side of the frame and integrating a round, sealed magazine, covered by a forestock. France purchased 6,000 Model 1866 rifles along with 4.5 million.44 Henry cartridges during the Franco-Prussian War. The Ottoman Empire purchased 45,000 Model 1866 rifles and 5,000 carbines in 1870 and 1871; these rifles were used in the 1877 Russo-Turkish War, causing much surprise when outnumbered Turks at the Siege of Plevna inflicted many times more casualties than their opponents armed with single-shot Krnka and Berdan rifles. The Model 1866 compelled Russians to develop the Mosin -- Nagant, after the war.
The Swiss Army selected the Model 1866 to replace their existing single-shot Milbank-Amsler rifles. However, ensuing political pressure to adopt a domestic design resulted in the Vetterli Model 1867, a bolt-action design utilizing a copy of the Winchester's tubular magazine, being adopted instead. Due to public demand, the Model 1866 contin
The Sioux known as Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America. The term can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or to any of the nation's many language dialects; the modern Sioux consist of two major divisions based on language divisions: the Dakota and Lakota. The Santee Dakota reside in the extreme east of the Dakotas and northern Iowa; the Yankton and Yanktonai Dakota, collectively referred to by the endonym Wičhíyena, reside in the Minnesota River area. They are considered to be the middle Sioux, have in the past been erroneously classified as Nakota; the actual Nakota are the Stoney of Western Canada and Montana. The Lakota called Teton, are the westernmost Sioux, known for their hunting and warrior culture. Today, the Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations and reserves in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Montana in the United States; the Sioux people refer to the Great Sioux Nation as the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, meaning "Seven Council Fires").
Each fire is a symbol of an oyate. Today the seven nations that comprise the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ are the Thítȟuŋwaŋ, Bdewákaŋthuŋwaŋ, Waȟpéthuŋwaŋ, Waȟpékhute, Sisíthuŋwaŋ and Iháŋkthuŋwaŋ and Iháŋkthuŋwaŋna, they are referred to as the Lakota or Dakota as based upon dialect differences. In any of the dialects, Lakota or Dakota translates to mean "friend" or "ally" referring to the alliances between the bands; the name "Sioux" was adopted in English by the 1760s from French. It is abbreviated from Nadouessioux, first attested by Jean Nicolet in 1640; the name is sometimes said to be derived from an Ojibwe exonym for the Sioux meaning "little snakes". The spelling in -x is due to the French plural marker; the Proto-Algonquian form *na·towe·wa, meaning "Northern Iroquoian", has reflexes in several daughter languages that refer to a small rattlesnake. An alternative explanation is derivation from an exonym na·towe·ssiw, from a verb *-a·towe· meaning "to speak a foreign language"; the current Ojibwe term for the Sioux and related groups is Bwaanag, meaning "roasters".
This refers to the style of cooking the Sioux used in the past. In recent times, some of the tribes have formally or informally reclaimed traditional names: the Rosebud Sioux Tribe is known as the Sičháŋǧu Oyáte, the Oglala use the name Oglála Lakȟóta Oyáte, rather than the English "Oglala Sioux Tribe" or OST; the alternative English spelling of Ogallala is considered improper. The Sioux comprise three related language groups: Eastern Dakota Santee Sisseton Western Dakota Yankton Yanktonai Lakota The earlier linguistic three-way division of the Sioux language identified Lakota and Nakota as dialects of a single language, where Lakota = Teton, Dakota = Santee-Sisseton and Nakota = Yankton-Yanktonai. However, the latest studies show that Yankton-Yanktonai never used the autonym Nakhóta, but pronounced their name the same as the Santee; these studies identify Assiniboine and Stoney as two separate languages, with Sioux being the third language. Sioux has three similar dialects: Western Dakota and Eastern Dakota.
Assiniboine and Stoney speakers refer to themselves as Nakhóda. The term Dakota has been applied by anthropologists and governmental departments to refer to all Sioux groups, resulting in names such as Teton Dakota, Santee Dakota, etc; this was because of the misrepresented translation of the Ottawa word from which Sioux is derived. The Sioux are divided into three ethnic groups, the larger of which are divided into sub-groups, further branched into bands; the earliest known European record of the Sioux identified them in Minnesota and Wisconsin. After the introduction of the horse in the early 18th century, the Sioux dominated larger areas of land—from present day Central Canada to the Platte River, from Minnesota to the Yellowstone River, including the Powder River country; the Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations and communities in North America: in the Dakotas, Minnesota and Montana in the United States. Today, many Sioux live outside their reservations.
The Santee migrated north and westward from the Southeastern United States, first into Ohio to Minnesota. Some came up from area of South Carolina; the Santee River was named after them, some of their ancestors' ancient earthwork mounds have survived along the portion of the dammed-up river that forms Lake Marion. In the past, they were a Woodland people who thrived on hunting and farming. Migrations of Ojibwe from the east in the 17th and 18th centuries, with muskets supplied by the French and British, pushed the Dakota further into Minnesota and west and southward; the US gave the name "Dakota Territory"
Colt .45 (film)
Colt.45 is a 1950 American Western film directed by Edwin L. Marin and starring Randolph Scott, Ruth Roman, Zachary Scott. Reissued under the title Thundercloud, the film served as the loose basis for the television series Colt.45 seven years later. Written by Thomas W. Blackburn, author of the lyrics to The Ballad of Davy Crockett, the film is about a gun salesman and gunfighter who tracks down a killer who stole two new Colt.45 repeating pistols leaving a trail of dead bodies behind him. The revolvers used in the movie were first model.44 Caliber Colt revolving belt pistols made in 1849 and reaching final form by 1850. Scott demonstrated how to load them so the producers of the film were most aware of the anachronism in the title. In the town of Red Rock, gun salesman Steve Farrell demonstrates the new Colt.45 repeating pistols to the sheriff, impressed that the United States government just ordered two thousand of these powerful weapons for the army. The demonstration is interrupted; as he's being led away, prisoner Jason Brett grabs the pistols, shoots the sheriff, escapes, pretending that Farrell was his partner.
Convinced that Farrell was involved in the escape, the townspeople arrest the innocent gun salesman. In the coming days, Brett initiates a campaign of robberies and cold blooded murder, with regular guns being no match for his Colt.45 pistols. Four months Farrell is released from jail due to a lack of evidence; the new sheriff offers him a letter clearing him of the charges. Reasserting his innocence, Farrell vows to go after Brett to retrieve his guns. Farrell tracks his prey into Texas and comes across a band of Indians whom Brett has killed to provide cover for a stagecoach robbery; the only survivor of the attack, Walking Bear, tells Steve about Brett's plan. As the stagecoach approaches, Steve jumps onto the stage from a rock outcropping just in time to fight off the attack by Brett's gang with his own set of Colt.45s. The only passenger on the stage, Beth Donovan, tries to prevent him from fighting off the robbers. After Brett's gang pulls back and retreats, Farrell stops the stage and notices a white scarf hanging outside the stagecoach window.
Believing it to be a signal to the robbers, Farrell suspects that Beth is part of the gang and says he intends to take her to the sheriff, but she escapes on horseback while Farrell is helping the wounded stagecoach driver. Farrell does not know that Beth is the wife of one of Brett's associates. Beth returns to her home, being used by Brett as a hideout. Although she believes that her husband has been forced to work with Brett, he is plotting with the killer to take over the nearby town of Bonanza Creek. Unknown to the citizens of Bonanza Creek, Sheriff Harris is working with his gang; when Farrell arrives in town, Harris agrees to make him his deputy. Harris rides out to Brett's hideout and reveals that Farrell is in town. Brett and Harris plot an ambush to eliminate Farrell. Meanwhile, Farrell learns Beth's identity. Harris encourages him to ride out to her house, knowing Brett and his gang will be lying in wait; as he approaches, Brett's gang ride in for the kill, but Farrell is able to evade the ambush with the help of Walking Bear and his fellow Indians, who capture two gang members.
Back at the hideout, Beth overhears Paul plotting with Brett and realizes her husband is working with the gang. After she denounces her husband, Paul locks her in a store room, she manages to escape and hurries into town, planning to reveal what she knows to the authorities. Just outside town, Paul tries to stop his wife, as she rides past him, he shoots her. Hearing the shots, Farrell rides to Beth lying on the ground, takes her in his arms, rides off seeking refuge with Walking Bear and his people. After being treated for her wound, Beth warns Farrell about Brett's plan to take over Bonanza Creek. Soon after, the Indians discover Paul's body, shot in the back by a.45. When Farrell learns that the Indians intend to go on the warpath, he tries to talk them out of it, but he and Beth are held captive; when Beth escapes to warn the townspeople, Farrell rides after her. Along the trail and members of the gang set a trap and capture Farrell, but the Indians come to his rescue and kill his captors, they ride to Bonanza Creek and go about killing Brett's men in the streets.
The injured Harris makes his way back to town to warn Brett, who's holed up in the jail with Beth as his hostage. When Farrell and the Indians arrive at the jail, the cowardly Brett uses Beth as a shield and tries to escape, but Beth breaks away. Farrell sees Brett is out of ammunition, he puts down the two men fight. During the struggle, Brett goes for Farrell's guns and Farrell shoots him. Afterwards, Farrell is embraced by Beth. Randolph Scott as Steve Farrell Ruth Roman as Beth Donovan Zachary Scott as Jason Brett Lloyd Bridges as Paul Donovan Alan Hale, Sr. as Sheriff Harris Ian MacDonald as Miller Chief Thundercloud as Walking Bear Luther Crockett as Judge Tucker Walter Coy as Carl Charles Evans as Redrock Sheriff Carl Andre as Indian Clyde Hudkins, Jr. as Indian Leroy Johnson as Indian Colt.45 was filmed on location at Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, Vasquez Rocks in Agua Dulce, in Santa Clarita, California. According to Warner Bros records the film earned $2,003,000 domestically and $1,118,000 foreign.
Colt.45 on IMDb Colt.45 at the TCM Movie Database Colt.45 at AllMovie
William Castle was an American film director, producer and actor. Orphaned at 11, Castle dropped out of high school at 15 to work in the theater, he was hired. He learned the trade of filmmaking and became a director, acquiring a reputation for the ability to churn out competent B-movies and on budget, he struck out on his own and directing thrillers, despite their low budgets, were promoted with gimmicks, a trademark for which he is best known. He was the producer for Rosemary's Baby. Castle was born William Schloss Jr. in the son of Saidie and William Schloss. His family was Jewish, his mother died. When his father followed a year he was left an orphan at the age of 11, he lived with his older sister. Castle married Ellen Falck. At 13, he was entranced, he watched performance after performance managing to meet Lugosi himself. He wrote in his autobiography Step Right Up! I'm Gonna Scare the Pants off America: "I knew what I wanted to do with my life—I wanted to scare the pants off audiences." Lugosi recommended him for the position of assistant stage manager for the road company tour of the play.
The 15-year-old dropped out of high school to take the job. He spent his teenage years working on Broadway in jobs ranging from set building to acting; this proved good training for the future filmmaker. He obtained Orson Welles's telephone number and persuaded Welles to lease him the Stony Creek Theatre in Connecticut, he hired German actress Ellen Schwanneke. When Nazi Germany sent Schwanneke an invitation to a Munich performance, Castle seized the opportunity for an outrageous publicity stunt, he released to the newspapers what he claimed was a telegram he had sent turning down the request, portraying his star as "the girl who said no to Hitler." To add to the sensationalism, he secretly vandalized the theatre and painted swastikas on the exterior. It worked; the resulting publicity ensured the success of the play. He left for Hollywood at 23 to work for Harry Cohn at Columbia Pictures. In the 2007 documentary Spine Tingler! The William Castle Story, his daughter states he had a dynamic, outgoing personality that attracted others.
He was one of the few people. He learned the film business and graduated to directing inexpensive B-movies, the first being The Chance of a Lifetime, released in 1943, he directed four movies in The Whistler series. Castle gained a reputation for being able to make films under budget and quickly. In addition, he worked as an associate producer on Orson Welles' film noir The Lady from Shanghai, doing much second unit location work. Ambitions unsatisfied, Castle began to make films independently; the inspiration of the 1955 French psychological thriller Les Diaboliques set the genre he would choose. He financed Macabre, by mortgaging his house, he came up with the idea to give every customer a certificate for a $1,000 life insurance policy from Lloyd's of London in case they should die of fright during the film. He stationed nurses in the lobbies with hearses parked outside the theaters. Macabre was a hit. Other films followed: House on Haunted Hill, filmed in "Emergo". A skeleton with red lighted eye sockets attached to wire floated over the audience in the final moments of some showings of the film to parallel the action on screen when a skeleton rises from a vat of acid and pursues the villainous wife of Vincent Price's character.
Once word spread about the skeleton, kids enjoyed trying to knock it down with candy boxes, soda cups, or any other objects at hand. The Tingler, filmed in "Percepto"; the title character is a creature. It can only be destroyed by screaming. Castle purchased military surplus airplane wing de-icers and had a crew travel from theatre to theatre, attaching them to the underside of some of the seats. In the finale, one of the creatures gets loose in the movie theater itself; the buzzers were activated as the film's star, Vincent Price, warned the audience to "scream—scream for your lives!" Some sources incorrectly state. Filmmaker and Castle fan John Waters recounted in Spine Tingler! how, as a youngster, he would search for a seat, wired in order to enjoy the full effect. 13 Ghosts, filmed in "Illusion-O". Each patron received a handheld ghost viewer/remover. During certain segments of the film, a person could see the ghosts by looking through the red cellophane or hide them by looking through the blue.
Without the viewer, the ghosts were somewhat visible. The DVD release included red/blue glasses to replicate the effect. Homicidal. There was a "fright break" with a timer overlaid on the film's climax, as the heroine approaches a house harboring a sadistic killer; the audience had 45 seconds to leave and get a full ref
Blake of Scotland Yard (1937 film)
Blake of Scotland Yard is a 1937 Victory Pictures American film directed by Robert F. Hill, it is a feature film edited from the film serial of the same name. Sir James Blake, a leading figure in crime fighting, has retired from Scotland Yard in order to assist his niece Hope and her friend Jerry in developing an apparatus they have invented. Sir James believes that their invention has the potential to prevent wars, plans to donate it to the League of Nations. However, a gang of criminals led by the elusive "Scorpion" steals the device, Blake and his associates must recover the invention and determine the true identity of the "Scorpion". Ralph Byrd as Jerry Sheehan Herbert Rawlinson as Sir James Blake Joan Barclay as Hope Mason Lloyd Hughes as Dr. Marshall Dickie Jones as Bobby Mason Lucille Lund as The Duchess, a Gang Moll Nick Stuart as Julot, Male Apache Dancer Sam Flint as Chief Inspector Henderson Gail Newbury as Mimi, policewoman posing as dancer Jimmy Aubrey as Baron Polinka Theodore Lorch as Daggett, the butler George DeNormand as Gang Member posing as Newshawker Bob Terry as Peyton, lead thug William Farrel as Count Basil Zagaloff Frank Wayne as Charles Dick Curtis as Nicky, a Gang Member Blake of Scotland Yard on IMDb Blake of Scotland Yard is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Stock footage, archive footage, library pictures, file footage is film or video footage that can be used again in other films. Stock footage is beneficial to filmmakers. A single piece of stock footage is called a "stock shot" or a "library shot". Stock footage may have appeared in previous productions but may be outtakes or footage shot for previous productions and not used. Examples of stock footage that might be utilized are moving images of cities and landmarks, wildlife in their natural environments, historical footage. Suppliers of stock footage may be either rights managed or royalty-free. Many websites offer direct downloads of clips in various formats. Stock footage companies began to emerge in the mid-1980s, offering clips mastered on Betacam SP, VHS, film formats. Many of the smaller libraries that specialized in niche topics such as extreme sports, technological or cultural collections were bought out by larger concerns such as Corbis or Getty Images over the next couple of decades.
Stock footage can be used to integrate news footage or notable figures into a film. For instance, the Academy Award-winning film Forrest Gump used stock footage extensively, modified with computer-generated imagery to portray the lead character meeting such historic figures such as John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, John Lennon. News programs use film footage from their libraries; such usage is labeled on-screen with an indication that the footage being shown is file footage. Television and movies series often recycle footage taken from previous installments. For instance, the Star Trek franchise kept a large collection of starships, planets and explosions, which would appear on a regular basis throughout Star Trek's five series and ten films, being used with minimal alteration; that kept production costs down as models and explosions were expensive to create. The advances in computer graphics in the late 1990s and early 2000s helped to reduce the cost of Star Trek's production, allowed for a much wider variety of shots than previous model and painting based visuals.
Other films that re-used film footage from previous productions include. Some series those made for children, such as Power Rangers or Teletubbies, reuse footage, shown in many episodes. Meant for a young audience, the approach increases viewers' familiarity between shows; this introduces problems such as the requirement to, for example, wear the same clothing and inconsistency can sometimes become a problem. When cleverly filmed it is possible to avoid many of these problems. Many broadcast shows use stock-footage clips as establishing shots of a particular city, which imply that the show is shot on location when in fact, it may be shot in a backlot studio. One or two establishing shots of an exotic location such as the Great Wall of China, Easter Island, or French Polynesia will save production companies the major costs of transporting crew and equipment to those actual locations. Stock footage is used in commercials when there is not enough money or time for production. More than not these commercials are political or issue-oriented in nature.
Sometimes it can be used to composite moving images tha create the illusion of having on-camera performers appear to be on location. The term B-roll may refer to newly shot scenes. Stock footage that appears on television screens or monitors shown in movies or television shows is referred to as "playback". In Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, written by and starring Will Ferrell as a San Diego news anchor, the studio purchased archival 1970s clips from San Diego stock footage firm New & Unique Videos; the playback footage of a hurricane featured in Disney's Smart House came from the vaults of the same San Diego firm. One of the most common uses of stock footage is in documentaries. Use of stock footage allows the filmmaker to tell the story of historical events such as World War II Why We Fight series, to document modern underwater archaeology activities, or to supplement content in natural history documentaries. Budgets may not be sufficient to keep a production crew on site for long term projects, stock footage allows the producer to pick the moments in time that are most important to the story or to give context to historical events.
Several films that would otherwise be lost have surviving footage due to the film being used as a stock footage. For example, The Cat Creeps has some scenes preserved in the movie Boo, scenes from Queen of the Night Clubs are preserved as stock footage in Winner Take All. If not for the use of stock footage, these films would be lost entirely. Stock Footage are used in live reality TV shows such as I'm a Celebrity. Most of the stock footage used in that show is footage, related to jungle creatures and insects. There is one stock video in particular that lasts for four seconds and excites people: a short video of a spider catching a fly and spinning it in a web; the makers of the stock footage added. Companies throughout the world use stock footage in their video productions for in-house meetings, annual conventions and other events, it has become popular to videotape interviews of other VIPs using a green screen backdrop. When the green is keyed out during post-production, stock footage or stock shots are inserted, to impart a particular message.
One of the largest producers of public domain stock footage is the United States governm