WrestleMania XI was the 11th annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view event, produced by the World Wrestling Federation at the Hartford Civic Center in Hartford, Connecticut on April 2, 1995. The main event was a match between NFL linebacker Lawrence Taylor, who faced Bam Bam Bigelow as the result of an argument that took place between the two at the 1995 Royal Rumble. Taylor won the match, which led to Bigelow being kicked out of Ted DiBiase's Million Dollar Corporation. Shawn Michaels faced WWF World Heavyweight Champion Diesel in a title match but was unable to win the championship. Jeff Jarrett retained his WWF Intercontinental Championship against Razor Ramon. Owen Hart and his mystery partner, challenged The Smoking Gunns for the WWF Tag Team Championship and won the title belts; the match between Taylor and Bigelow brought the WWF mainstream press coverage. The reactions to the match were mixed. Others thought that the WWF pushing a football player to defeat a wrestler made professional wrestling look bad.
Reviews of the event as a whole have been mixed, the event has been called both the worst WrestleMania of all time and the event that saved the WWF. Special Olympian Kathy Huey sang a rendition of "America the Beautiful" during the event, replacing the advertised band, Fishbone. Prior to Lawrence Taylor's match against Bam Bam Bigelow, Salt-n-Pepa sang Whatta Man. Several other celebrities had roles at WrestleMania. Nicholas Turturro, one of the stars of NYPD Blue, conducted interviews and served as a guest ring announcer. Jonathan Taylor Thomas of Home Improvement was a guest timekeeper for the match between Diesel and Shawn Michaels. On September 30, 1995, a one-hour special including the Diesel vs. Shawn Michaels match and the Lawrence Taylor vs. Bam Bam Bigelow match was broadcast on the FOX Network. At the WrestleMania weekend, the WWF held its Fan Fest, a promotional event during which wrestlers interacted with fans and signed autographs; the WWF released the event on VHS in North America in 1995.
The VHS version was re-released on March 2, 1999. The event was released on DVD in North America as part of the WrestleMania Complete Anthology boxed set on November 1, 2005. In the United Kingdom, the event was released on VHS on July 10, 1995. Packaged together with WrestleMania XII, it was released on DVD in the United Kingdom as part of the WWE Tagged Classics line on August 7, 2006; the most promoted feud going into the event was between Bam Bam Bigelow and Lawrence Taylor. At Royal Rumble 1995, Bigelow teamed with Tatanka in the final round of a tournament for the WWF Tag Team Championship. Bigelow was pinned at the end of the match, he responded by pushing NFL player Lawrence Taylor, sitting at ringside. Bigelow instead challenged Taylor to a wrestling match. Taylor trained with WWF World Heavyweight Champion Diesel to prepare for the match; the storyline between Bigelow and Taylor brought the WWF much mainstream exposure, as the match was discussed by several news outlets. The other main event at WrestleMania was a match for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship between Diesel and Shawn Michaels.
Diesel had entered the WWF as Michaels's bodyguard but began wrestling and forming a tag team with Michaels. The pair held the WWF Tag Team Championship together in 1994. At Survivor Series 1994, Michaels accidentally kicked Diesel in the face; this led to an argument during which Diesel vacated the championship. Three days Diesel defeated Bob Backlund to become the new WWF Champion. At Royal Rumble 1995, Michaels won the battle royal main event, which earned him a match against Diesel for the title belt at WrestleMania; the WWF Intercontinental Championship was defended at WrestleMania. Jeff Jarrett, the champion, had been feuding with the challenger, for several months. At Royal Rumble 1995, Jarrett was accompanied by The Roadie, who interfered on Jarrett's behalf and helped Jarrett win the championship. To the sides in the rematch at WrestleMania, Ramon was accompanied by his friend, the 1–2–3 Kid. In a match for the WWF Tag Team Championship, The Smoking Gunns defended their title, their opponents were a mystery partner.
Hart refused to tell anyone the name of his partner, which left the Gunns uncertain who they would be facing and led to much speculation about the identity of the mystery partner. Bret Hart faced Bob Backlund in an "I Quit" match at WrestleMania; the feud began the previous summer, when Hart defended the WWF World Heavyweight Championship against Backlund. Backlund mistakenly thought he won the match and began celebrating, but Hart pinned him to retain the title. After the match, Backlund turned heel by attacking Hart; this led to a title match at Survivor Series 1994. Although Backlund soon lost the belt, the feud continued and Backlund attacked Hart during Hart's match at Royal Rumble 1995. At Royal Rumble 1995, The Undertaker faced Irwin R. Schyster as part of The Undertaker's feud with Ted DiBiase's Million Dollar Corporation. During the match, King Kong Bundy, another Corporation member and enabled the Corporation to steal The Undertaker's urn, said to be the source of his power. In the opening match, The Allied Powers faced the Blu Brothers.
Smith started out on the offensive. The Blus capitalized on the fact that they are identical twins by switching places while the referee was not looking. Luger came into the match near the end and pe
Jeffrey Leonard Jarrett is an American professional wrestler, professional wrestling promoter and businessman signed to WWE as a backstage producer and occasional on-air talent. Beginning his career in his father's Continental Wrestling Association in 1986, Jarrett first came to prominence upon debuting in the World Wrestling Federation in 1992. Over the next nine years, he alternated between the WWF and its main competitor, World Championship Wrestling. After WCW was purchased by the WWF in 2001, Jarrett joined the upstart World Wrestling All-Stars promotion. In 2002, Jarrett and his father together founded Total Nonstop Action. After departing the promotion in 2014, Jarrett founded another new promotion, Global Force Wrestling. After a failed merger with TNA and GFW, he cut ties with TNA. Jarrett wrestled in Mexico for Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide before returning to WWE in January 2019 as an on-screen talent and producer. A third-generation wrestler and promoter, Jarrett has had 81 championship reigns throughout his career, among them the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, WCW World Heavyweight Championship, WWA World Heavyweight Championship, USWA Unified World Heavyweight Championship, AAA Mega Championship.
He was inducted into the TNA Hall of Fame in 2015 and the WWE Hall of Fame in 2018. Born in Hendersonville, Jarrett became involved with basketball when he was in high school, but he worked for his father Jerry Jarrett's Continental Wrestling Association as a referee in March 1986 and trained as a wrestler under his father and Tojo Yamamoto. Jarrett made his in-ring debut at the age of 18 on April 6, 1986 when jobber Tony Falk attempted to end his lengthy losing streak by challenging Jarrett a referee, to a match. Jarrett accepted the challenge. Jarrett is a third-generation wrestler: his father wrestled, as did his maternal grandfather, Eddie Marlin, while his paternal grandmother, was employed by Nashville-based wrestling promotion Gulas/Welch Promotions, he wrestled with the American Wrestling Association and the Continental Wrestling Federation in the late 1980s. In 1989, his father Jerry purchased the Texas-based World Class Championship Wrestling promotion and merged it with the CWA to create the United States Wrestling Association.
Over the following years, Jarrett won the USWA Southern Heavyweight Championship on 10 occasions and the USWA World Tag Team Championship on 15 occasions. Jarrett wrestled on the independent circuit for 7 years, appearing in Japan and Puerto Rico. In 1990, he wrestled his first tour of Japan for Super World Sports. In 1993, he was hired by the World Wrestling Federation. Jarrett would continue wrestling for USWA full-time until losing the championship to Jerry Lawler on December 20, 1993, but return sporadically for future dates. Jarrett's first involvement with World Wrestling Federation came on August 9, 1992, when he participated in the kick-off to the first cross-promotional angle between the WWF and the USWA. Sitting at ringside along with Jerry Lawler at the WWF house show, being held at the Pyramid in Memphis, Tennessee, he issued an open challenge to any WWF wrestler. After defeating Kamala by disqualification that night, Bret Hart accepted Jarrett's challenge for a match the next time that the WWF came to Memphis.
Beginning in October, Jarrett himself began making appearances on WWF house show events, defeating Mondo Kleen and Barry Horowitz. At a WWF Wrestling Challenge taping in Louisville, Kentucky on October 28, Jarrett scored his biggest victory of his nascent WWF career by upsetting Rick Martel. However, the scheduled match between Bret Hart and Jarrett on October 31 in Memphis was cancelled due to poor weather. Following the cancelled Memphis show, he returned to the USWA. Jarrett would go on to lose many WWF house show matches with Bret Hart starting in early December 1993 again in early January 1994, but not in his hometown of Memphis. Nearly a year Jarrett returned to the WWF, he made his televised debut on October 23, 1993 on WWF Superstars as a heel under the gimmick of "Double J" Jeff Jarrett, a country music singer who intended to elevate his singing career through his exposure as a wrestler. Jarrett's character would strut to the ring wearing flashing "Double J" hats and ring attire, while he punctuated his promos with the phrase "Ain't I great?".
He ended his interviews by distinctly spelling out his name. Jarrett had his first televised match with the WWF on the December 20th, 1993 episode of Raw, defeating PJ Walker. Jarrett made his pay-per-view debut in January 1994 at the Royal Rumble, entering the Royal Rumble match as the 12th participant and was eliminated less than 90 seconds by Randy Savage. At the Royal Rumble, Jarrett participated in attacking The Undertaker and forcing him into the casket, an incident that would be a focal point in Undertaker's rematch that year. Jarrett was scheduled to wrestle in a five vs. five tag match at WrestleMania X, but the match did not take place due to time constraints. However, the match did take place with Jarrett's team winning. During this time, Jarrett started having what would be a long string of matches with Doink during house shows in which he won the match. Despite getting past Lex Luger by countout in the first round, Jarrett lost in the second round of the 1994 King of the Ring tournament, being pinned by the 1-2-3 Kid.
Only weeks before SummerSlam, the WWF promoted a match as part of a "rap v
Puerto Rico the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea 1,000 miles southeast of Miami, Florida. An archipelago among the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico includes the eponymous main island and several smaller islands, such as Mona and Vieques; the capital and most populous city is San Juan. The territory's total population is 3.4 million. Spanish and English are the official languages. Populated by the indigenous Taíno people, Puerto Rico was colonized by Spain following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1493, it was contested by French and British, but remained a Spanish possession for the next four centuries. The island's cultural and demographic landscapes were shaped by the displacement and assimilation of the native population, the forced migration of African slaves, settlement from the Canary Islands and Andalusia. In the Spanish Empire, Puerto Rico played a secondary but strategic role compared to wealthier colonies like Peru and New Spain.
Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the end of the 19th century, producing a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined indigenous and European elements. In 1898, following the Spanish–American War, the United States acquired Puerto Rico under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since 1917, enjoy freedom of movement between the island and the mainland; as it is not a state, Puerto Rico does not have a vote in the United States Congress, which governs the territory with full jurisdiction under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. However, Puerto Rico does have one non-voting member of the House called a Resident Commissioner; as residents of a U. S. territory, American citizens in Puerto Rico are disenfranchised at the national level and do not vote for president and vice president of the United States, nor pay federal income tax on Puerto Rican income. Like other territories and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico does not have U.
S. senators. Congress approved a local constitution in 1952, allowing U. S. citizens on the territory to elect a governor. Puerto Rico's future political status has been a matter of significant debate. In early 2017, the Puerto Rican government-debt crisis posed serious problems for the government; the outstanding bond debt had climbed to $70 billion at a time with 12.4% unemployment. The debt had been increasing during a decade long recession; this was the second major financial crisis to affect the island after the Great Depression when the U. S. government, in 1935, provided relief efforts through the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration. On May 3, 2017, Puerto Rico's financial oversight board in the U. S. District Court for Puerto Rico filed the debt restructuring petition, made under Title III of PROMESA. By early August 2017, the debt was $72 billion with a 45% poverty rate. In late September 2017, Hurricane Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico; the island's electrical grid was destroyed, with repairs expected to take months to complete, provoking the largest power outage in American history.
Recovery efforts were somewhat slow in the first few months, over 200,000 residents had moved to the mainland State of Florida alone by late November 2017. Puerto Rico is Spanish for "rich port". Puerto Ricans call the island Borinquén – a derivation of Borikén, its indigenous Taíno name, which means "Land of the Valiant Lord"; the terms boricua and borincano derive from Borikén and Borinquen and are used to identify someone of Puerto Rican heritage. The island is popularly known in Spanish as la isla del encanto, meaning "the island of enchantment". Columbus named the island San Juan Bautista, in honor of Saint John the Baptist, while the capital city was named Ciudad de Puerto Rico. Traders and other maritime visitors came to refer to the entire island as Puerto Rico, while San Juan became the name used for the main trading/shipping port and the capital city; the island's name was changed to "Porto Rico" by the United States after the Treaty of Paris of 1898. The anglicized name was used by the U.
S. government and private enterprises. The name was changed back to Puerto Rico by a joint resolution in Congress introduced by Félix Córdova Dávila in 1931; the official name of the entity in Spanish is Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, while its official English name is Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The ancient history of the archipelago, now Puerto Rico is not well known. Unlike other indigenous cultures in the New World which left behind abundant archeological and physical evidence of their societies, scant artifacts and evidence remain of the Puerto Rico's indigenous population. Scarce archaeological findings and early Spanish accounts from the colonial era constitute all, known about them; the first comprehensive book on the history of Puerto Rico was written by Fray Íñigo Abbad y Lasierra in 1786, nearly three centuries after the first Spaniards landed on the island. The first known settlers were the Ortoiroid people, an Archaic Period culture of Amerindian hunters and fishermen who migrated from the South American mainland.
Some scholars suggest their settlement dates back about 4,000 years. An archeological dig in 1990 on the island of Vieques found the remains of a man, designated as the "Puerto Ferro Man", dated to around 2000 BC; the Ortoiroid were displaced
Professional wrestling match types
Many types of wrestling matches, sometimes called "concept" or "gimmick matches" in the jargon of the business, are performed in professional wrestling. Some of them occur frequently while others are developed so as to advance an angle and such match types are used rarely; because of professional wrestling's long history over decades, many things have been recycled. These match types can be organized into several loose groups; the singles match is the most basic of all professional wrestling matches, which involves only two competitors competing for one fall. Victory is obtained by pinfall, knockout, countout or disqualification. Matches are contested between two teams, most consisting of two members each. On most occasions, one member of the team competes in the ring with one or more of his or her teammates standing behind the ropes. Wrestlers switch positions by "tagging" one another similar to a high five and, as a result, these teams are referred to as tag teams; this can create tension during the match as an injured wrestler in the middle of the ring attempts to reach his or her teammates with the heel team preventing them from doing so.
In typical tag team matches, standard wrestling rules apply with a match ending by pinfall, countout, or disqualification. Promotions have established tag teams that most compete in team matches rather than singles matches, though teams will break up to pursue a singles career via a turn. Teams consist of real-life friends or relatives. On other occasions, teams are booked together by promoters based on their face or heel alignment in order to increase the amount of wrestlers on the card or to advance multiple storylines at once. Promotions have a tag team championship for a team of two wrestlers, on rare occasion allies of the reigning tag team will be allowed to defend the title in the place of one of the reigning wrestlers under the Freebird rule. Though common in Mexican lucha libre, at one point, World Championship Wrestling had a championship for teams of three. WWE can have three or four tag teams going against each other. Matches in which the entire team competes at once is referred to as a tornado tag match in WWE.
Matches can be held under standard rules or as a specialty match, such as a steel cage match or a ladder match. Tag team matches are held under elimination rules. One famous example of this match is the Survivor Series match held in WWE at their annual Survivor Series pay-per-view. Teams of four or five, though on some occasions as many as seven, compete under elimination rules. All other standard rules apply, team members may tag in and out in any order. While some teams are established stables, others may need to recruit members for their team. In lucha libre promotions, a torneo cibernetico is a similar type of match between teams of up to eight wrestlers who enter in a predetermined order. A winner takes all match is a match in which both wrestlers are champions going into the match, the winner receives the championship of the loser, thus "taking all". An empty arena match is a hardcore match between two or more wrestlers that takes place in an arena devoid of fans; the only people present are the competitors, referee and cameramen.
The match is videotaped and played later. An example of this is the WWF championship match between the Rock and Mankind that took place in Tucson, Arizona, at the Tucson Convention Center during the WWF's Super Bowl halftime show on January 31, 1999. One of the earliest and best known empty arena matches occurred in 1981 in Memphis, Tennessee, at the Mid-South Coliseum between Jerry Lawler and Terry Funk. A falls count anywhere match is a match in which pinfalls can take place in any location, negating the standard rule that they must take place inside the ring and between the ropes; as such, this eliminates the usual "countout" rule. As the match may take place in various parts of the arena, the "falls count anywhere" provision is always accompanied with a "no-disqualification" stipulation to make the match a hardcore match, so as to allow wrestlers the convenience to use any objects they may find wherever they wrestle. A variation of the rules states that once a pinfall takes place, the pinned wrestler would lose the match if they are unable to return to the ring within a specific amount of time — a referee's count of 10 or 30.
If the pinned wrestler makes it to the ring in this time, the match continues. Under these rules, all pinfalls must take place outside of the ring, technically making the match no longer falls count anywhere; this stipulation is listed as having a specific territory in which falls count. A new variation of the stipulation, submissions count anywhere, debuted at Breaking Point in a match between D-Generation X and the Legacy; the flag match is the professional wrestling version of capture the flag. For the match two flags are placed on opposite turnbuckles, each representing a specific wrestler or team of wrestlers and the objective of the match is to retrieve the opponent's flag and raise it while defending the flag in the wrestler's corner. If the referee is knocked down and cannot acknowledge the win, the
Pacific Northwest Wrestling
Pacific Northwest Wrestling is the common name used to refer to several different professional wrestling companies, both past and present, based in Portland, United States. The first such company was founded by Herb Owen in 1925, it was the Northwest territory of the National Wrestling Alliance from the Alliance's inception in 1948 until 1992. The area was brought to its prime by Herb's son, Don Owen, this version of Pacific Northwest Wrestling saw many of the top names in the business come through on a regular basis; the Pacific Northwest was considered one of the main pro wrestling territories from the 1960s to the 1980s. Portland Wrestling was forced to close its doors in July 1992; the closure came as a result of a slowdown in the wrestling business during the early 1990s, a declaration of bankruptcy by Portland Wrestling's main television sponsor, negative fallout from a shift in regulatory emphasis by the Oregon Athletic Commission. The telecasts, which originated on Portland station KPTV, ended in December 1991 and were replaced on KPTV by syndicated WWF programming.
Portland Wrestling's referee Sandy Barr purchased the company from the Owen family in 1992 and continued the tradition of professional wrestling in the Pacific Northwest under the name "Championship Wrestling USA." A new wrestling promotion emerged in 2000, calling itself "Portland Wrestling" and claiming to be a restart of the original Pacific Northwest/Portland Wrestling. It stressed a title lineage to the old NWA PNW Championships. Unlike the Don Owen promotion, the new incarnation of Portland Wrestling was not an NWA member. Due to legal problems the company's owner encountered, the promotion was forced to close down in 2007 and the owner sold his ownership rights to former announcer Don Coss. Coss, in conjunction with Roddy Piper, one of Owen's biggest latter-day stars and a Portland-area resident, launched a new promotion in 2012 centered on a television program entitled Portland Wrestling Uncut; this program originated on KPTV, though it would move to another Portland television station.
Pacific Northwest Wrestling started in the early 1920s when a former world middleweight and world light-heavyweight wrestling champion by the name of Ted Thye came to Portland with plans to promote both boxing and wrestling. Thye hired Herb Owen as his assistant. While Thye was on a trip home to Australia, Owen had the ownership of the company put in his name. Due to rules in effect within the state of Oregon at that time, Owen now had sole rights to sponsor all boxing and wrestling within the state. Herb Owen started out just promoting boxing matches, but soon began promoting wrestling matches as well, focusing on lightweights. During this time, sons Don and Elton Owen began helping their father in the family business, helping set up cards and stepping into the ring on occasion to box or wrestle. During the early years, Herb brought in boxer Jack Dempsey. According to Barry Owen, Don's son, Dempsey refereed some wrestling matches for Owen. An unknown to many at the time, George Wagner, worked for Owen early in his career.
While in the PNW, Wagner developed the character for, Gorgeous George. Wagner is reported to have married his first wife in the ring before a match in Oregon. In 1942, following his death, Herb's son Don took over the company. In 1944, Don Owen promoted several cards with women wrestlers, until female wrestling was outlawed in Oregon; the National Wrestling Alliance was formed in 1948 with Don Owen as one of the founding members. This started the beginning of. On July 10, 1953, Don Owen started what was the first regular professional wrestling program on television. Pacific Northwest Wrestling aired a weekly 60 minute live program called Heidelberg Wrestling, named for its sponsor, Heidelberg Brewing Co. of Tacoma, Washington. The show was broadcast on KPTV, but moved to rival KOIN-TV in 1955. Along with the move came the show's new name, Portland Wrestling; the 1950s were good to Portland Wrestling, seeing wrestlers such as Ed Francis, Gory Guerrero and Tony Borne come to the territory. During this time, John Harrison "Harry" Elliott, a former Oregon State University wrestling champion, the school's wrestling coach, began working for Don Owen as a referee and putting on spot shows in the territory.
In 1958, Elliott obtained a contract with CBS Television to broadcast Seattle-based wrestling matches throughout all of Washington and parts of Alaska, British Columbia, Colorado, Montana and Wyoming. Elliott promoted these matches, as well as spot matches throughout Washington and northeastern Oregon, while Don Owen continued to handle bookings for these matches. After the opening of Portland Memorial Coliseum in 1961, Don Owen promoted wrestling cards at the venue, drawing good crowds. In 1966, Harry Elliott promoted, Don Owen booked, one of the biggest matches in Seattle, packing out the Seattle Center Coliseum with 15,500 fans to see Lou Thesz beat Gene Kiniski. In 1967, Portland Wrestling returned to KPTV; that year, management changed within CBS Television and PNW's regionally broadcast wrestling show was dropped which subsequently led to Harry Elliott's retirement in 1968. Frank Bonnema, an on-air personality in KPTV's sports department, took over the announcing duties at that time, serving as the voice of Portland Wrestling until shortly before his untimely death on October 5, 1982 at age 49.
Despite losing its regionally broadcast television program in 1967, Portland Wrestling was still doing well. In 1968, Owen bo
Robert Gibson (wrestler)
Robert Gibson is an American professional wrestler. He is best known as one-half of the tag team known as The Roll Express, with Ricky Morton, he has competed in singles competition since he has won various singles championships throughout his career. In February, 2017, it was announced that the Rock'n' Roll Express would be inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in the class of 2017. On March 31, 2017, in Orlando, the duo accepted this honor; the ceremony was held the Friday night prior to Wrestlemania 33. Gibson started wrestling as Robert Gibson in 1977, his first match was against Eddie Sullivan. He teamed with Ricky in the southern independents. In 1983, he formed the Rock'N Roll Express with Ricky Morton, they feuded with The Midnight Express in the USWA/CWA, the feud carried over into the National Wrestling Alliance's Jim Crockett Promotions in 1985. They won the NWA Tag Title four times while there and feuded with the Four Horsemen and Nikita Koloff, the team of Rick Rude and Manny Fernandez.
Though he and Morton were of similar build and wrestled a similar style, Gibson was always booked as the stronger and more powerful of the two. Gibson was injured in 1990 and when he returned to World Championship Wrestling in 1991, Morton turned on him to join The York Foundation, they feuded and Gibson teamed with Tom Zenk, but had no success and soon left WCW. He rejoined Morton in Smoky Mountain Wrestling and they feuded with the Heavenly Bodies led by Jim Cornette. Shortly before SMW's demise, Gibson turned heel and joined "Cornette's Army"; the team came back First in the USWA WCW in 1996. In 1998, they were part of the "NWA" angle in the World Wrestling Federation for a brief period; the Rock n' Roll express were awarded the NWA tag team championships before losing them to the Headbangers a month later. Their last run in a big federation was with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling when they were part of Vince Russo's Sports Entertainment Xtreme faction, he appeared at one Wrestle Birmingham show in 2002 as "Robert Fuller Jr.", pretending to be the son of veteran wrestler Robert Fuller, a gimmick used by other wrestlers.
In late 2003/2004, Robert along with Ricky Morton, joined the newly formed "Original" Big Time Wrestling, under the banner of the All World Wrestling League. From 2007 to 2009, he worked for Ultimate Wrestling, a promotion in his home town of Pensacola, where he was one half of the first Ultimate Wrestling Tag-team Champions with Bobby Doll. In September 2010 he returned to Ultimate Wrestling. In 2014, The Rock-n-Roll Express was still wrestling on the independent circuit. In 2016, The Rock N' Roll Express made a special appearance as part of TNA's weekly televised program Impact Wrestling's Total Nonstop Deletion episode, where they took part in the Tag Team Apocalypto match along with other tag teams. In February 2017, WWE played a video package of the Rock n' Roll Express and the announcement of their hall of fame induction set for pre-WrestleMania. Gibson has acknowledged during a fund raising event at the Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf that he is a hearing child of deaf parents.
He knows sign language and speaks with his hands in the ring before his matches. On September 15, 2006, his brother, Ricky Gibson, died. Robert's mother and father are deceased; the WWE acknowledged. He is part owner of Zeke's Deep Sea Fishing tours in Alabama. Appalachian Mountain Wrestling AMW Tag Team Championship All-Pro Championship Wrestling APCW Tag Team Championship – with Jason Gibson and Mike Youngblood All-Pro Wrestling APW Heavyweight Championship APW Tag Team Championship All-Star Wrestling ASW Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton Jim Crockett Promotions NWA World Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton Korean Pro-Wrestling Association NWA World Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton NWA Mid Atlantic Championship Wrestling MACW Tag Team Championship - with Ricky Morton and Brad Armstrong Mid-South Wrestling Association MSWA Southern Tag Team Championship - with Ricky Morton Mid-South Wrestling Association Mid-South Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton National Wrestling Alliance NWA World Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton1 NWA Hall of Fame NWA Hollywood Wrestling NWA Americas Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Gibson NWA Mid-America / Continental Wrestling Association / Championship Wrestling Association AWA Southern Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Gibson, Bill Dundee, Ricky Morton CWA Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton CWA World Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton NWA Mid-America Heavyweight Championship NWA Mid-America Tag Team Championship – with Don Fargo NWA Southwest NWA World Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton NWA Wildside NWA Wildside Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton New Age Championship Wrestling NACW Tag Team Championship Pro Wrestling eXpress PWX Tag Team Championship – with Vince Kaplack Pro Wrestling Illustrated PWI ranked him #99 of the top 500 singles wrestlers of the "PWI Years" in 2003 PWI ranked him #4 of the Top 100 Tag Teams of the "PWI Years" with Ricky Morton in 2003.
Smoky Mountain Wrestling SMW Beat the Champ Television Championship SMW Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Morton Southeastern Championship Wrestling NWA Southeastern Tag Team Championship – with Ricky Gibson NWA Southeast Uni
A sibling is one of two or more individuals having one or both parents in common. A full sibling is a first-degree relative. A male sibling is a brother, a female sibling is a sister. In most societies throughout the world, siblings grow up together, thereby facilitating the development of strong emotional bonds; the emotional bond between siblings is complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment, birth order and personal experiences outside the family. Identical twins share 100% of their DNA. Full siblings are first-degree relatives and, on average, share 50% of their genes out of those that vary among humans, assuming that the parents share none of those genes. Half-siblings are second-degree relatives and have, on average, a 25% overlap in their human genetic variation. Full siblings are 50 % related. Identical twins by definition are 100% related. Full siblings are the most common type of siblings. There are two types of twins: fraternal. Identical twins have the same genes.
Twins with a close relationship will develop a twin language from infanthood, a language only shared and understood between the two. Studies suggest. At about 3 years of age, twin talk ends. Researchers were interested in subjects who were in the years of life, they knew that past studies suggested that genetics played a larger role in one's personality in the earlier years of their life. However, they were curious about whether or not this was true on in life, they gathered subjects with a mean age of 59, who included 99 pairs of identical twins, 229 pairs of fraternal twins who were all reared apart. They gathered twins who were reared together: 160 pairs of identical twins, 212 pairs of fraternal twins, they studied the most heritable traits in regard to personality, which are emotionality, activity level and sociability. This study found that identical twins resembled each other twice as much as fraternal twins, due to genetic factors. Furthermore, environment influences personality substantially.
This study suggests that heritability is substantial, but not as substantial as for younger subjects. Half-siblings are people, they may share the same mother but different fathers, or they may have the same father but different mothers. They share only one parent instead of two as full siblings are on average 25 % related. Theoretically, there is a chance; this is rare and is due to there being a smaller possibility of inheriting the same chromosomes from the shared parent. However, the same is theoretically possible for full siblings, albeit much less likely; because of the formation of Chiasma in late prophase II, both previous statements are impossible. In law, half-siblings have been accorded treatment unequal to that of full siblings. Old English common law at one time incorporated inequalities into the laws of intestate succession, with half-siblings taking only half as much property of their intestate siblings' estates as siblings of full-blood. Unequal treatment of this type has been wholly abolished in England, but still exists in the U.
S. state of Florida. Three-quarter siblings have one common parent, while their unshared parents have a mean consanguinity of 50%; this means the unshared parents are either parent and child. Three-quarter siblings are to share more genes than half siblings, but fewer than full siblings. In this case the unshared parents are full siblings. Furthermore, the three-quarter siblings are first cousins. In the case where the unshared parents are identical twins, the children share as much genetic material as full siblings do. ExamplesReal: Charles Lindbergh's children with his mistress Brigitte Hesshaimer, his children with her sister, Marietta Hesshaimer. Jermaine and Randy Jackson, of the Jackson 5, who have both fathered children with Alejandra Genevieve Oaziaza. Sultan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan who share Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan as their father, but their mothers are sisters. Jigme Singye Wangchuck, former king of Bhutan, who married four sisters and had children with each of them.
Fictional: In the TV series Pretty Little Liars, Spencer Hastings and Jason DiLaurentis share the same father, Peter Hastings, their mothers, Mary Drake and Jessica DiLaurentis, are identical twins. In the TV series Gossip Girl, Serena van der Woodsen and Lola Rhodes share a father, William van der Woodsen, their mothers, Lily van der Woodsen and Carol Rhodes, are sisters. In this case, a woman has children with two men who are father and son, or a man has children with two women who are mother and daughter; these children will be three-quarter siblings. Furthermore, the two offspring will have an aunt/uncle-nephew/niece relation. An historical example of this is actress Gloria Grahame, she bore children with her second husband Nicholas Ray, her fourth husband Anthony Ray, Nicholas Ray's son by ano