The Hartlepools (UK Parliament constituency)

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The Hartlepools
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County County Durham
1868February 1974
Number of members One
Replaced by Hartlepool
Created from South Durham

The Hartlepools /ˈhɑːrtlɪpʊl/ was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The constituency became Hartlepool in 1974. The seat's name reflected the representation of both old Hartlepool and West Hartlepool.

History[edit]

The Hartlepools was enfranchised as a borough constituency by the Reform Act 1867, being given one MP. It had previously been part of a two-MP electoral division in County Durham.

The constituency became Hartlepool in 1974.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Borough of Hartlepool, and the County Borough of West Hartlepool.

1950-1974: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Political party Offices held
1868 Ralph Ward Jackson Conservative
1874 Thomas Richardson Liberal
1875 Lowthian Bell Liberal
1880 Thomas Richardson Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1891 Christopher Furness Liberal
1895 Sir Thomas Richardson Liberal Unionist
1900 Sir Christopher Furness Liberal
1910 Stephen Furness Liberal
1914 Sir Walter Runciman Liberal
1918 W. G. Howard Gritten Unionist
1922 William Jowitt Liberal
1924 Sir Wilfrid Sugden Unionist
1929 W. G. Howard Gritten Unionist
1943 Thomas George Greenwell Conservative
1945 D. T. Jones Labour
1959 John Kerans Conservative
1964 Ted Leadbitter Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: The Hartlepools [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ralph Ward Jackson 1,550 50.0 N/A
Liberal Thomas Richardson 1,547 50.0 N/A
Majority 3 0.0 N/A
Turnout 3,097 79.0 N/A
Registered electors 3,922
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: The Hartlepools [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Richardson 2,308 62.4 +12.4
Conservative Ralph Ward Jackson 1,390 37.6 −12.4
Majority 918 24.8 N/A
Turnout 3,698 81.7 +2.7
Registered electors 4,524
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.4

Richardson resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 29 Jul 1875: The Hartlepools [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lowthian Bell 1,982 53.5 −8.9
Conservative William Joseph Young[3] 1,464 39.5 +1.9
Magna Charta Ahmed John Kenealy[4][5] 259 7.0 N/A
Majority 518 14.0 −10.8
Turnout 3,705 76.9 −4.8
Registered electors 4,820
Liberal hold Swing −5.4

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: The Hartlepools [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Richardson 1,965 37.2 −25.2
Liberal Lowthian Bell 1,717 32.5 N/A
Conservative Thomas Hutchinson Tristram 1,597 30.3 −7.3
Majority 120 2.3 −22.5
Turnout 5,279 79.0 −2.7
Registered electors 6,681
Liberal hold Swing −9.0
General Election 1885: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Richardson 3,669 58.3 +21.1
Conservative Thomas Hutchinson Tristram 2,629 41.7 +11.4
Majority 1,040 16.6 +14.3
Turnout 6,298 74.1 −4.9
Registered electors 8,500
Liberal hold Swing +7.2
General Election 1886: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Richardson 3,381 57.8 +16.1
Liberal Mervyn Lanark Hawkes[7] 2,469 42.2 -16.1
Majority 912 15.6 N/A
Turnout 5,850 68.8 -5.3
Registered electors 8,500
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +16.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

The Hartlepools by-election, 1891 [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Furness 4,603 51.7 +9.5
Liberal Unionist William Gray 4,305 48.3 −9.5
Majority 298 3.4 N/A
Turnout 8,908 85.8 +17.0
Registered electors 10,378
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +9.5
General Election 1892: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Furness 4,626 50.4 +8.2
Liberal Unionist Thomas Richardson[n 1] 4,550 49.6 −8.2
Majority 76 0.8 N/A
Turnout 9,176 87.3 +18.5
Registered electors 10,513
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +8.2
T. Richardson
General Election 1895: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Richardson 4,853 50.4 +0.8
Liberal Christopher Furness 4,772 49.6 -0.8
Majority 81 0.8 N/A
Turnout 9,625 87.5 +0.2
Registered electors 10,999
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +0.8

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

C. Furness
General Election 1900: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Furness 6,491 58.5 +8.9
Liberal Unionist Thomas Richardson 4,612 41.5 −8.9
Majority 1,879 17.0 N/A
Turnout 11,103 86.4 −1.1
Registered electors 12,849
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +8.9
General Election 1906: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Furness Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Furness 6,531 53.2 n/a
Conservative William Gritten 5,754 46.8 n/a
Majority 777 6.4 n/a
Turnout 89.6 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
S. Furness
Hartlepool by-election, 1910 [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Furness 6,159 50.7 -2.5
Conservative William Gritten 5,993 49.3 +2.5
Majority 166 1.4 -5.0
Turnout 88.6 -1.0
Liberal hold Swing -2.5
General Election December 1910: The Hartlepools [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Furness 6,017 50.2 -0.5
Conservative William Gritten 5,969 49.8 +0.5
Majority 48 0.4 -1.0
Turnout 87.4 -1.2
Liberal hold Swing -0.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was scheduled to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been preparing for this election, and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected:

W. Runciman
The Hartlepools by-election, 1914 [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Walter Runciman Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1918: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Gritten 13,003 51.3
C Liberal Charles Macfarlane 7,647 30.1
Labour Will Sherwood 4,733 18.6
Majority 5,356 21.2
Turnout 64.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jowitt 18,252 50.8 +20.7
Unionist William Gritten 17,685 49.2 -2.1
Majority 567 1.6 22.8
Turnout 87.2 +13.1
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +11.4
General Election 1923: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jowitt 17,101 46.4 -4.4
Unionist William Gritten 16,956 46.1 -3.1
Labour George Belt 2,755 7.5 n/a
Majority 145 0.3 -1.3
Turnout 87.5 +0.3
Liberal hold Swing -0.7
General Election 1924: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Wilfrid Sugden 19,077 49.5 +3.4
Liberal William Jowitt 15,724 40.8 -5.6
Labour Craigie Aitchison 3,717 9.7 +2.2
Majority 3,353 8.7 9.0
Turnout 90.3 +2.8
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +4.5
General Election 1929: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Gritten 17,271 38.0 -11.5
Liberal Stephen Furness 17,133 37.7 -3.1
Labour Gilbert Oliver 11,052 24.3 +14.6
Majority 138 0.3 8.4
Turnout 85.9 -4.4
Unionist hold Swing -4.2

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Gritten 30,842 68.1 +30.1
Labour Alasdair MacGregor 14,462 31.9 +7.6
Majority 16,380 36.2 +29.9
Turnout 45,304 84.4 -1.5
Conservative hold Swing +15.0
General Election 1935: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Gritten 21,828 47.8 -20.3
Labour Charles A. Goatcher 16,931 37.0 +5.1
Liberal Joseph Scott-Cowell 6,939 15.2 n/a
Majority 4,897 10.7 25.4
Turnout 83.0 -1.4
Conservative hold Swing -12.7

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

A General Election was scheduled to take place before the end of 1940. The parties had been preparing for this election, and by autumn 1939, the following candidates had been selected:

Hartlepool by-election, 1943[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Greenwell 13,333 64.1 +16.3
Common Wealth Elaine Burton 3,634 17.4 n/a
Independent Labour Oswald Lupton 2,351 11.3 n/a
Independent Progressive Reg Hipwell 1,510 7.2 n/a
Majority 9,699 46.7 +36.0
Turnout 39.5 -43.8
Conservative hold Swing n/a

*Lupton stood as a 'People's' candidate

General Election 1945: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour D. T. Jones 16,502 41.2 n/a
Conservative Thomas Greenwell 16,227 40.5 -23.6
Liberal Russell Vick 6,903 17.3 n/a
Independent Harry Lane 390 1.0 n/a
Majority 275 0.7 -46.0
Turnout 76.1 +36.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing n/a

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour D. T. Jones 25,609 50.61
Conservative Thomas Greenwell 20,373 40.26
Liberal Francis John Long 4,623 9.14
Majority 5,236 10.35
Turnout 87.15
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour D. T. Jones 27,147 52.63
Conservative Paul T Carter 24,437 47.37
Majority 2,710 5.25
Turnout 86.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour D. T. Jones 25,145 51.63
Conservative Francis Henry Gerard Heron Goodhart 23,560 48.37
Majority 1,585 3.25
Turnout 81.84
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Kerans 25,463 50.2
Labour D. T. Jones 25,281 49.8
Majority 182 0.4
Turnout 50,744 83.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Leadbitter 25,883 52.9 +3.1
Conservative Geoffrey Dodsworth 23,016 47.1 -3.1
Majority 2,867 5.9 6.2
Turnout 48,899 81.9 -1.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.1
General Election 1966: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,509 59.3 +6.4
Conservative H Ian Bransom 18,857 40.7 -6.4
Majority 8,652 18.7 +12.8
Turnout 46,366 78.5 -3.4
Labour hold Swing +6.4

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,704 57.8 -1.5
Conservative Michael Marshall 20,188 42.2 +1.5
Majority 7,516 15.7 -3.0
Turnout 47,892 74.4 -4.0
Labour hold Swing -1.5

See also[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Son of previous candidate with same name

References

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  2. ^ a b c d Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  3. ^ "Hartlepool Election". Manchester Times. 31 July 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 31 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "Hartlepool Election". Sheffield Daily Telegraph. 31 July 1875. p. 11. Retrieved 31 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ "Mr. Ahmed Kenealy in Hartlepool County Court". Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette. 9 October 1875. p. 4. Retrieved 31 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  7. ^ "Yesterday's Nominations". London Evening Standard. 2 Jul 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-01-9. 
  9. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939

Coordinates: 54°39′N 1°16′W / 54.650°N 1.267°W / 54.650; -1.267