A parody. As the literary theorist Linda Hutcheon puts it, "parody... is imitation, not always at the expense of the parodied text." Another critic, Simon Dentith, defines parody as "any cultural practice which provides a polemical allusive imitation of another cultural production or practice". Parody may be found in art or culture, including literature, animation and film; the writer and critic John Gross observes in his Oxford Book of Parodies, that parody seems to flourish on territory somewhere between pastiche and burlesque. Meanwhile, the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot distinguishes between the parody and the burlesque, "A good parody is a fine amusement, capable of amusing and instructing the most sensible and polished minds; when a formula grows tired, as in the case of the moralistic melodramas in the 1910s, it retains value only as a parody, as demonstrated by the Buster Keaton shorts that mocked that genre. According to Aristotle, Hegemon of Thasos was the inventor of a kind of parody.
In ancient Greek literature, a parodia was a narrative poem imitating the style and prosody of epics "but treating light, satirical or mock-heroic subjects". Indeed, the components of the Greek word are παρά para "beside, against" and ᾠδή oide "song". Thus, the original Greek word παρῳδία parodia has sometimes been taken to mean "counter-song", an imitation, set against the original; the Oxford English Dictionary, for example, defines parody as imitation "turned as to produce a ridiculous effect". Because par- has the non-antagonistic meaning of beside, "there is nothing in parodia to necessitate the inclusion of a concept of ridicule." Old Comedy contained parody the gods could be made fun of. The Frogs portrays the hero-turned-god Heracles as a glutton and the God of Drama Dionysus as cowardly and unintelligent; the traditional trip to the Underworld story is parodied as Dionysus dresses as Heracles to go to the Underworld, in an attempt to bring back a Poet to save Athens. In the 2nd century AD, Lucian of Samosata, a Greek-language writer in Syria, created a parody of travel/geography texts like Indica and The Odyssey.
He described the authors of such accounts as liars who had never traveled, nor talked to any credible person who had. In his named book True History Lucian delivers a story which exaggerates the hyperbole and improbable claims of those stories. Sometimes described as the first Science Fiction, along the lines of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the characters travel to the moon, engage in interplanetary war with the help of aliens they meet there, return to the earth to experience civilization inside a 200 mile long creature interpreted as being a whale; this is a parody of Ctesias' claims that India has a one-legged race of humans with a single foot so huge it can be used as an umbrella, Homer's stories of one-eyed giants, so on. Roman writers explained parody as an imitation of one poet by another for humorous effect. In French Neoclassical literature, parody was a type of poem where one work imitates the style of another to produce a humorous effect; the Ancient Greeks created satyr plays which parodied tragic plays with performers dressed like satyrs.
In classical music, as a technical term, parody refers to a reworking of one kind of composition into another. More a parody mass or an oratorio used extensive quotation from other vocal works such as motets or cantatas; the term is sometimes applied to procedures common in the Baroque period, such as when Bach reworks music from cantatas in his Christmas Oratorio. The musicological definition of the term parody has now been supplanted by a more general meaning of the word. In its more contemporary usage, musical parody has humorous satirical intent, in which familiar musical ideas or lyrics are lifted into a different incongruous, context. Musical parodies may imitate or refer to the peculiar style of a composer or artist, or a general style of music. For example, The Ritz Roll and Rock, a song and dance number performed by Fred Astaire in the movie Silk Stockings, parodies the Rock and Roll genre. Conversely, while the best-known work of Weird Al Yankovic is based on particular popular songs, it often utilises wildly incongruous elements of pop culture for comedic effect.
The first usage of the word parody in English cited in the Oxford English Dictionary is in Ben Jonson, in Every Man in His Humour in 1598: "A Parodie, a parodie! to make it absurder than it was." The next citation comes from John Dryden in 1693, who appended an explanation, suggesting that the word was in common use, meaning to make fun of or re-create what you are doing. In the 20th century, parody has been heightened as the central and most representative artistic device, the catalysing agent of artistic creation and innovation; this most prom
The Matrix Reloaded: The Album
The Matrix Reloaded: The Album is a 2003 soundtrack album from the 2003 film The Matrix Reloaded. The two-disc album is unusual among soundtrack releases in that it includes separate discs for the film's songs and the score, whereas most films release the songs and the score as separate single-disc albums; the album's lead single was "Sleeping Awake" by P. O. D; the song's lyrics and video refer to elements of the film. "Session" by Linkin Park – 2:23 "This Is the New Shit" by Marilyn Manson – 4:19 "Reload" by Rob Zombie – 4:25 "Furious Angels" by Rob Dougan – 5:29 "Lucky You" by Deftones – 4:08 "The Passportal" by Team Sleep – 2:55 "Sleeping Awake" by P. O. D. – 3:23 "Bruises" by Ünloco – 2:36 "Calm Like a Bomb" by Rage Against the Machine – 4:58 "Dread Rock" by Oakenfold – 4:39 "Zion" by Fluke – 4:33 "When the World Ends" by Dave Matthews Band – 5:26 "Main Title" by Don Davis – 1:30 "Trinity Dream" by Don Davis – 1:56 "Teahouse" by Juno Reactor featuring Gocoo – 1:04 "Chateau" by Rob Dougan – 3:23 "Mona Lisa Overdrive" by Juno Reactor/Don Davis – 10:08 "Burly Brawl" by Juno Reactor vs.
Don Davis – 5:52 "Matrix Reloaded Suite" by Don Davis – 17:34 "Liberate" by Disturbed - 3:25 The Rob Zombie song "Reload" was remixed by Charlie Clouser, most famous for the score music and theme song "Hello Zepp" for the Saw franchise, as well as his work with Nine Inch Nails. Don Davis wrote three cues which were unused in the final film; the first is an alternate of the "Burly Brawl theme," which lasts for 1:31. The second, "Multiple Replication," was used, but it was combined with a choir as well as composition by Juno Reactor; the third, "Chateau Swashbuckling," was completely omitted in favor of Rob Dougan's track, although the final few seconds were retained in the film. The following cue, "Double Trouble," which accompanies the scene in which the Twins chase the Keymaker and Trinity through the Merovingian's chateau, was altered to feature the beat track from Oakenfold's "Dread Rock." The track "Mona Lisa Overdrive" was used in 2004 by rhythmic gymnast Anna Bessonova of Ukraine for her club routine, as well in 2008 by Eleni Andriola in her hoop routine
The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by The Wachowskis and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, Joe Pantoliano. It depicts a dystopian future in which humanity is unknowingly trapped inside a simulated reality called the Matrix, created by thought-capable machines to control humans while using their bodies as an energy source. Hacker and computer programmer Neo learns this truth and "is drawn into a rebellion against the machines", which involves other people who have been freed from the Matrix; the film is an example of the cyberpunk subgenre. The Wachowskis' approach to action scenes drew upon their admiration for Japanese animation and martial arts films, the film's use of fight choreographers and wire fu techniques from Hong Kong action cinema influenced subsequent Hollywood action film productions; the Matrix is known for popularizing a visual effect known as "bullet time", in which the heightened perception of certain characters is represented by allowing the action within a shot to progress in slow-motion while the camera's viewpoint appears to move through the scene at normal speed.
The film contains numerous allusions to philosophical and religious ideas, including existentialism, feminism, Buddhism and postmodernism. While some critics have praised the film for its handling of difficult subjects, others characterize the film's themes as being overshadowed by its action scenes; the Matrix was first released in the United States on March 31, 1999 and grossed over $460 million worldwide. It was well-received by many critics and won four Academy Awards, as well as other accolades, including BAFTA Awards and Saturn Awards; the Matrix was praised for its innovative visual effects and entertainment value. The film has since appeared in lists of the greatest science fiction films, and, in 2012, was added to the National Film Registry for preservation; the success of the film led to the release of two feature film sequels, both written and directed by the Wachowskis: The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. The Matrix franchise was further expanded through the production of comic books, video games and animated short films, in which the Wachowskis were involved, inspired books and theories on ideas in religion and philosophy.
Computer programmer Thomas Anderson, living a double life as the hacker "Neo", feels something is wrong with the world and is puzzled by repeated online encounters with the cryptic phrase "the Matrix". A woman known as Trinity contacts him. Undeterred, Neo meets Morpheus, who offers him a choice between a red pill that will show him the truth about the Matrix, a blue pill that will return him to his former life. After swallowing the red pill, his reality disintegrates and Neo awakens, naked and hairless, in a liquid-filled pod, among countless others connected by cables to an elaborate electrical system, he is brought aboard Morpheus' hovercraft, the Nebuchadnezzar. As Neo recuperates, Morpheus explains the truth: in the 21st century, intelligent machines waged war against their human creators; when humans blocked the machines' access to solar energy, the machines retaliated by harvesting the humans' bioelectric power. The Matrix is a shared simulation of the world as it was at the end of the 20th century, where the harvested humans' minds are pacified while their bodies are contained in pods.
All free humans live in the last refuge in the real world. Morpheus and his crew are a group of rebels who hack into the Matrix to "unplug" enslaved humans and recruit them, their understanding of the simulated reality enables them to bend its physical laws, granting them superhuman abilities. Morpheus warns Neo that death within the Matrix kills the physical body, that the Agents are powerful computer programs that eliminate threats to the system. Neo's prowess during virtual combat training lends credibility to Morpheus' belief that Neo is "the One", an powerful human prophesied to free humans and end the war; the group enters the Matrix to visit the Oracle, an all-knowing prophet who predicted the emergence of the One. She implies that Neo is not the One and warns Neo that he will have to choose between Morpheus' life and his own. Before they can leave the Matrix, the group is ambushed by Agents and tactical police alerted by Cypher, a disgruntled crew member who betrayed Morpheus to Smith in exchange for a comfortable life back in the Matrix.
Morpheus allows himself to be captured so Neo and the rest of the crew can escape. Cypher exits the murders several crew members as they lie defenseless in the real world; as he prepares to disconnect Neo and Trinity, Tank, a crewman whom he had left for dead, kills him. In the Matrix, the Agents interrogate Morpheus to learn his access codes to the mainframe computer in Zion. Tank proposes killing Morpheus to prevent this, but Neo, believing that he is not the One, decides himself worth sacrificing if need be to rescue Morpheus. While rescuing Morpheus, Neo gains confidence in his abilities, performing feats comparable to the Agents'. Morpheus and Trinity exit the Matrix. In the real world, machines called. Trinity whispers to Neo that he can't be dead because she loves him and the Oracle told her that she would fall in love with the One, she kisses Neo and he revives with the power to control the Matrix. He effortlessly defeats Smith and leaves the Matrix just as the ship
Persephone (The Matrix)
Persephone is a fictional character in The Matrix franchise. She is portrayed by Monica Bellucci. In the films The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions, Persephone is the wife of the Merovingian, she seems bored with her existence in the Matrix, is dissatisfied with her husband. In The Matrix Reloaded, Persephone is sexually attracted to Neo and offers to help him if he kisses her with the same passion with which he has kissed Trinity. Reluctantly, he complies and she helps him free the Keymaker, she kills one of her husband's employees. In The Matrix Revolutions, Persephone warns the Merovingian that Trinity would indeed kill everyone in Club Hel to free Neo from the Train Station because she is in love; this suggests that Persephone perceives and understands love, may be disheartened by the cynicism of her husband, who seems to be driven by greed and lust. In the video game Enter The Matrix, Persephone encounters and takes a kiss from either Niobe or Ghost, she seems to be able to deduce the feelings and emotions of those she kisses, noting Niobe's love for Morpheus, or Ghost's unrequited love for Trinity.
She takes deep pleasure in sampling the emotions of others. In the MMO The Matrix Online, Persephone gave the location of the Assassin's hide-out to Zion operatives in a critical mission relating to the Death Of A Destroyer event; the character's name is taken from that of Persephone in Greek mythology, the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, whom Hades took to the underworld to be his queen. Before shooting her husband's employee in The Matrix Reloaded, Persephone wonders aloud, "How many people keep silver bullets in their gun?", implying that the employee is a werewolf. In behind-the-scenes footage, Persephone herself is compared to a "vampire that seeks after emotions" by actress Monica Bellucci. In a 2012 survey by Empire Cinemas, Persephone was listed among the sexiest characters in cinema. Nettavisen declared in 2009 that the role of Persephone qualified Monica Bellucci as one of the 25 sexiest women of all time. Simulated reality Persephone in The Matrix Reloaded, Guardian Film
Architect (The Matrix)
The Architect is a fictional character in the films The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. He is portrayed by Helmut Bakaitis, he makes an appearance in the MMORPG The Matrix Online. The Architect created the first Matrix as a utopia for the humans. However, the human minds rejected this first attempt as a perfect world and beta 1 of the Matrix crashed. A second attempt added the varying grotesqueries of human nature and a basic cause and effect, but this beta was a failure; the Architect turned to a more intuitive program designed to understand human nature and psychology to augment the framework of the next Matrix. This time, the power of choice was added to the programming, where humans would be allowed the power to choose if the person was only aware of the choice on a vague, subconscious level; this version of the Matrix worked, except for 1 percent of human minds. These humans were bodily ejected from the power plant; some of these humans survived to join Zion. The Architect noted that the Matrix was not as perfect as he envisioned.
This'systemic anomaly' was personified within the Matrix by a semi-mythological figure that could'break free' of the Matrix's control, change it in whatever manner he desired. The'One', as this figure came to be known, was subconsciously compelled to travel to the Matrix's mainframe with critical source code for its eventual reboot. Together with the human intuitive program the Oracle for human minds to understand, the concept of the Prophecy was formed; the intuitive program would tell of this story to the small members of a human resistance that periodically infiltrated the Matrix, who would find the anomaly and help him to find the Architect's office, hidden deep within a fortified building. There, the Architect would use his measures of control to keep the Anomaly, in turn both Zion and the Matrix, in check. In each of the first five cycles of the lire Matrix, the Anomaly, known to the humans as The One, manifested itself within the Matrix and found the Architect's office; the room has two exits, one leading to the Source and the other to the Matrix proper The Architect tells the One that Zion is about to be destroyed and that humanity's only chance of survival rests with the One.
If the One fails to go to the Source, the system will suffer a catastrophic failure that leads to the death of every human still connected to the Matrix. In order to prevent this result, the One must travel to the Source, reloading the master program, select a small number of individuals to rebuild Zion. In each of these five cycles, the One enters the door to the Source, the Matrix is reloaded, Zion is destroyed and subsequently reborn. On the sixth iteration, the sixth Anomaly, appears on schedule before the Architect; the Architect is surprised. This sixth Anomaly possesses the same dispensation for protecting humanity as the others, but unlike the other Ones has a deep attachment to one human: a Zion resistance member named Trinity; the Architect delivers the usual speech and threat, but he can see that this One will not comply as his predecessors did. Neo leaves the Architect to save his love, leaves the future of the Matrix in doubt; the Oracle tells Neo more about the Architect at their final meeting.
She says that the Architect's purpose is to balance the equation of the Matrix, while her purpose is to unbalance that equation. She tells Neo that, as a program designed to be mathematically precise, the Architect doesn't understand the inherently unpredictable nature of choice, she tells Neo to head to the true location of the Source, the Machine City, to save not only humanity, but the Machine world as well. After Neo sacrifices himself to stabilize the Matrix, the Machines gather Neo's body and successfully'reboot' the Matrix; the Architect meets the Oracle and speaks of the "dangerous game" that she played, agrees to honor the truce that Neo brokered for his part in rebooting the Matrix. Near the climax of The Matrix Reloaded, Neo meets the Architect face to face in a large oval-shaped room with two doors, whose walls are covered with television monitors. Taking the form of a cold, elderly white-haired man in a light gray suit, he is a computer program that created the Matrix and now oversees its functioning.
His artificial nature is more apparent than that of other programs personified as humans. The Architect is mechanical in his actions, in that he speaks in long logical chains of reasoning, utilizing several connectors such as "ergo", "concordantly", "thus", has little variance in his tone of voice, he has little facial expression beyond smirks and glares, but does exhibit emotion on limited occasions, such as regret and arrogance. The Architect's first attempt at a Matrix was a utopia, but it failed miserably and many human lives were lost when the inhabitants refused to accept it; the Architect redesigned the Matrix to reflect the darker side of human nature and history, but the dystopian version failed too. The solution to this problem was discovered by t
The Matrix: Original Motion Picture Score
The Matrix: Original Motion Picture Score is one of the two 1999 soundtrack albums from the blockbuster film, The Matrix. The Region 1 single disc DVD release contained an isolated score track, including commentary by Davis. Main Title / Trinity Infinity Unable To Speak The Power Plant Welcome To The Real World The Hotel Ambush Exit Mr. Hat A Virus Bullet-Time Ontological Shock Anything Is Possible In September 2008 Varèse Sarabande released an expanded to 78 minutes version of the score, limited to 3000 copies. Main Title / Trinity Infinity Neo On The Edge Unable To Speak Bait and Switch Switched for Life Switched At Birth Switch's Brew Cold Hearted Switch Nascent Nauseous Neo A Morpheus Moment Bow Whisk Orchestra Domo Showdown Switch Or Break Show Shake, Switch Freeze Face Switch Woks Her Boa Switch Out Boon Spoy Oracle Cookies Threat Mix Exit Mr. Hat On Your Knees, Switch Mix The Art Whoa, Switch Brokers No More Spoons Dodge This Ontological Shock That's Gotta Hurt Surprise! He's The One Alright Composed and conducted by Don Davis.
Performed by The Hollywood Studio Symphony