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The Herald and Weekly Times

The Herald and Weekly Times Pty Limited is a newspaper publishing company based in Melbourne, Australia. It is owned and operated by Rupert Murdoch's News Corp Australia, which purchased HWT in 1987; the HWT's newspaper interests date back to the launch of The Port Phillip Herald. The company publishes the morning daily tabloid Herald Sun, created in 1990 from a merger of the company's morning tabloid paper, The Sun News-Pictorial, with its afternoon broadsheet paper, The Herald; the Herald had The Sun News-Pictorial a 68-year history in Melbourne. HWT had bought The Sun News-Pictorial in 1925; the HWT publishes The Weekly Times, aimed at farmers and rural business. The HWT bought a controlling stake in The Advertiser of Adelaide in 1929. From 1929 until 1987, HWT owned and operated Melbourne radio station 3DB. In 1929, 3DB along with 3UZ participated in experimental television broadcasts using the Radiovision system; the Advertiser took a stake in The News two years later. The News was sold in 1949.

The HWT bought The West Australian in 1969, but sold it to Robert Holmes à Court in 1987 as part of the News Limited takeover. HSV-7 3DB

The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as The Manchester Guardian, changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, The Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, owned by the Scott Trust; the trust was created in 1936 to "secure the financial and editorial independence of The Guardian in perpetuity and to safeguard the journalistic freedom and liberal values of The Guardian free from commercial or political interference". The trust was converted into a limited company in 2008, with a constitution written so as to maintain for The Guardian the same protections as were built into the structure of the Scott Trust by its creators. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than distributed to shareholders; the editor in chief Katharine Viner succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. Since 2018, the paper's main newsprint sections have been published in tabloid format; as of November 2019, its print edition had a daily circulation of 129,053.

The newspaper has an online edition,, as well as two international websites, Guardian Australia and Guardian US. The paper's readership is on the mainstream left of British political opinion, its reputation as a platform for liberal and left-wing editorial has led to the use of the "Guardian reader" and "Guardianista" as often-pejorative epithets for those of left-leaning or "politically correct" tendencies. Frequent typographical errors during the age of manual typesetting led Private Eye magazine to dub the paper the "Grauniad" in the 1960s, a nickname still used today. In an Ipsos MORI research poll in September 2018 designed to interrogate the public's trust of specific titles online, The Guardian scored highest for digital-content news, with 84% of readers agreeing that they "trust what see in it". A December 2018 report of a poll by the Publishers Audience Measurement Company stated that the paper's print edition was found to be the most trusted in the UK in the period from October 2017 to September 2018.

It was reported to be the most-read of the UK's "quality newsbrands", including digital editions. While The Guardian's print circulation is in decline, the report indicated that news from The Guardian, including that reported online, reaches more than 23 million UK adults each month. Chief among the notable "scoops" obtained by the paper was the 2011 News International phone-hacking scandal—and in particular the hacking of the murdered English teenager Milly Dowler's phone; the investigation led to the closure of the News of the World, the UK's best-selling Sunday newspaper and one of the highest-circulation newspapers in history. In June 2013, The Guardian broke news of the secret collection by the Obama administration of Verizon telephone records, subsequently revealed the existence of the surveillance program PRISM after knowledge of it was leaked to the paper by the whistleblower and former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. In 2016, The Guardian led an investigation into the Panama Papers, exposing then-Prime Minister David Cameron's links to offshore bank accounts.

It has been named "newspaper of the year" four times at the annual British Press Awards: most in 2014, for its reporting on government surveillance. The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in 1821 by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle, a group of non-conformist businessmen, they launched their paper after the police closure of the more radical Manchester Observer, a paper that had championed the cause of the Peterloo Massacre protesters. Taylor had been hostile to the radical reformers, writing: "They have appealed not to the reason but the passions and the suffering of their abused and credulous fellow-countrymen, from whose ill-requited industry they extort for themselves the means of a plentiful and comfortable existence, they do not toil, neither do they spin, but they live better than those that do." When the government closed down the Manchester Observer, the mill-owners' champions had the upper hand. The influential journalist Jeremiah Garnett joined Taylor during the establishment of the paper, all of the Little Circle wrote articles for the new paper.

The prospectus announcing the new publication proclaimed that it would "zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious Liberty warmly advocate the cause of Reform endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of Political Economy and support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, all serviceable measures". In 1825 the paper merged with the British Volunteer and was known as The Manchester Guardian and British Volunteer until 1828; the working-class Manchester and Salford Advertiser called The Manchester Guardian "the foul prostitute and dirty parasite of the worst portion of the mill-owners". The Manchester Guardian was hostile to labour's claims. Of the 1832 Ten Hours Bill, the paper doubted whether in view of the foreign competition "the passing of a law positively enacting a gradual destruction of the cotton manufacture in this kingdom would be a much less rational procedure." The Manchester Guardian dismissed strikes as the work of outside agitators: " if an accommodation can be effected, the occupation of the agents of the Union is gone.

They live on strife "The Manchester Guardian was critical of US President Abraham Lincoln's conduct during the US Civil War, writing on the news that Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated: "Of his rule, we can never speak except as a series of acts abhorrent to every true notion of constitutional right and human liberty " C. P. Scott made the newspaper nationally recognised, he was editor for 57

1912 Republican National Convention

The 1912 Republican National Convention was held at the Chicago Coliseum, Illinois, from June 18 to June 22, 1912. The party nominated Vice President James S. Sherman for re-election. Sherman died days before the election, was replaced as Republican vice-presidential nominee by Nicholas M. Butler of New York; this convention marked the beginning of a split in the party, resulting from a power struggle between incumbent Taft and former president Theodore Roosevelt. This was the first year for Republican primaries. Though Roosevelt had endorsed Taft as his successor, Taft's perceived drift to the right had alienated Roosevelt, who launched a challenge to Taft's re-nomination. Roosevelt overwhelmingly won the primaries — winning 9 out of 12 states. Taft won only the state of Massachusetts. Senator Robert M. La Follette Sr. a reformer, won two states. Through the primaries, Senator La Follette won a total of 36 delegates; however 36 states did not hold primaries, but instead selected delegates via state conventions.

Entering the convention, the Roosevelt and Taft forces seemed evenly matched, a compromise candidate seemed possible. The Taft and Roosevelt camps engaged in a fight for the delegations of various states, with Taft emerging victorious, Roosevelt claiming that several delegations were fraudulently seated because of the machinations of conservative party leaders including William Barnes Jr. and Boies Penrose. Following the seating of the anti-Roosevelt delegations, California Governor Hiram Johnson proclaimed that progressives would form a new party to nominate Roosevelt. Though many of Roosevelt's delegates remained at the convention, most refused to take part in the presidential ballot in protest of the contested delegates. Roosevelt ran a third party campaign as part of the Progressive Party. Taft and Roosevelt both lost the 1912 election to Woodrow Wilson. Like Taft, Vice President James S. Sherman of New York was renominated by the party. Though Taft and Sherman did not get along early in their tenure, the two became closer allies as Taft's split with Roosevelt deepened, Taft did not object to the re-nomination of Sherman.

Taft's allies sought progressive leaders such as Idaho Senator William E. Borah and Vermont Governor John A. Mead to join the ticket. Missouri Governor Herbert S. Hadley and former Vice President Charles Fairbanks were mentioned as possibilities. Sherman died shortly before the election, was not replaced on the ticket. In January, after the election had been decided, Republican leaders appointed Columbia University president Nicholas Butler to fill out the ticket for the purposes of receiving electoral votes; the balloting by states was as follows: History of the United States Republican Party List of Republican National Conventions U. S. presidential nomination convention Republican Party presidential primaries, 1912 1912 United States presidential election 1912 Democratic National Convention "1912 Republican National Convention", The Political Graveyard. Accessed February 1, 2006 "1912 Republican Convention", 1912 Presidential Election Project, Department of History, Ohio State University. Accessed February 1, 2006 "1912: A Party Splits", Protests & Politics in Chicago.

Accessed February 1, 2006 "Bull Moose years: Who Won the Presidential Primaries in 1912?". William Jennings Bryan, Virgil V. McNitt. A Tale of Two Conventions. Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1912. Republican Party platform of 1912 at The American Presidency Project 1912 Republican National Convention at Smithsonian Magazine


Cowra is a small town in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the largest population centre and the council seat for the Cowra Shire, with a population of 10,063. Cowra is located 310 m above sea level, on the banks of the Lachlan River, in the Lachlan Valley. By road it is 310 km south-west of the state capital, 189 km north of the nation's capital, Canberra; the town is situated at the intersection of three state highways: the Mid-Western Highway, Olympic Highway, the Lachlan Valley Way. Cowra is included in the rainfall records and weather forecast region for the Central West Slopes and Plains division of the Bureau of Meteorology forecasts; the Wiradjuri people are a group of indigenous Australian Aboriginal people that were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups or clans scattered throughout central New South Wales. The first European explorer to the area, George William Evans, entered the Lachlan Valley in 1815.

He named the area the Oxley Plains after his superior John Oxley. In 1817 he deemed the area "unfit for settlement". A military depot was established not long after at Soldiers Flat near present-day Billimari. Arthur Ranken and James Sloan, from Bathurst, were amongst the first white settlers on the Lachlan, they moved to the area in 1831. The township of "Coura Rocks" had its beginnings in 1844. Around 1847, the township site became known as Cowra, in 1849, was proclaimed a village. In the 1850s many gold prospectors passed through headed for gold fields at Lambing Flat and Grenfell; the first school was established in 1857. The first bridge over the Lachlan River was built in 1870. Gold was discovered at Mount McDonald in the 1880s; the rail head, from Sydney, reached Cowra in 1886. Local government was granted in 1888; the first telephone exchange was established in 1901. The town water supply was established in 1909, the gasworks in 1912 and town supplied electricity was introduced in 1924. Cowra hosts an annual Festival of International Understanding, featuring a parade, balloons for the kids and events showcasing a particular foreign culture.

During World War II, Cowra was the site of a prisoner of war camp. Most of the detainees were captured Italian military personnel. However, in July 1942, Indonesian political prisoners from the Dutch Tanahmerah prison on the Digul river, in West Papua, were transported as "prisoners-of-war" to the Cowra prison camp, at the behest of Netherlands East Indies government in exile; these Indonesian prisoners arrived in mid 1942 and were released on 7 December 1943, subsequent to their release, played an important role in the black bans which frustrated the Dutch reimposition of colonial rule in the Indies.) On 5 August 1944, at least 545 Japanese POWs attempted a mass breakout from the camp. Other Japanese prisoners committed suicide, or were killed by their countrymen, inside the camp; the actions of the POWs in storming machine gun posts, armed only with improvised weapons, showed what Prime Minister John Curtin described as a "suicidal disregard of life". During the breakout and subsequent recapture of POWs, four Australian guards and 231 Japanese died, 108 prisoners were wounded.

The dead Japanese were buried in Cowra in the specially created Japanese War Cemetery. This is the only such cemetery in Australia, holds some of the dead from the World War II air raids on Darwin. An Avenue of Honour commemorates those who died in World War I. There is an annual ceremony to commemorate the breakout, involving local school students, council members, guest Japanese visitors. Cowra has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Blayney-Harden railway: Lachlan River railway bridge, Cowra Blayney-Harden railway: Cowra railway station Evans Street: Cowra Prisoner of War Camp Site According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 10,063 people in Cowra. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 8.5% of the population. 85.2% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 1.4%. 89.0% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 29.7%, Anglican 26.0% and No Religion 16.0%. Cowra has a temperate climate, with average maximum temperatures ranging from 32 °C in summer to 14 °C in winter, while minimums range from 16 °C to 2 °C.

Under the Köppen climate classification, Cowra has a borderline semi-arid and humid subtropical climate. Cowra sits on the border zone between the cool, wet highlands of the Great Dividing Range and the hot, dry plains of Western New South Wales; as a result, Cowra experiences climate characteristics of both regions, with cold sub-zero temperatures, frequent frost and occasional snow in winter, frequent 40+ °C temperatures in summer. Other towns that experience this'border' climate are Gunnedah and Mudgee further north and Gundagai further south, Wangaratta in Victoria and Dalby in Queensland. Rainfall is mild and distributed evenly all year round, however it peaks in summer with thunderstorms and again in winter with cold fronts; the average annual rainfall is 598.3 mm, while Cowra's wettest month on record was January 1984, with 371.0 mm recorded. Extreme temperatures have ranged from 46.6 °C to −8.0 °C. Cowra has 145.8 clear days on an annual basis. Primary schoolsCowra Public Mulyan Public School Holman Place Public School St Raphael's Catholic School Secondary schoolsCowr

Jonathan Moreira

Jonathan Cícero Moreira, known as Jonathan, is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a right back for Athletico Paranaense. He holds Italian citizenship and could play for the Italian national team, he is nicknamed Il Divino, by Interisti. Jonathan made his professional debut in the Campeonato Brasileiro for Cruzeiro against Flamengo in a 6–2 away defeat on 19 December 2004, he scored his first goal as professionist against Corinthians in a 3–0 away win on 25 August 2007. In December 2010, Jonathan signed with Santos for €2 million. Santos paid €1.2 million to acquire 30% while Santos's investment partner Terceira Estrela Investimentos S/A acquired 20% for €800,000. He signed a 4-year contract with €15 million release clause, he won Copa Libertadores with Santos. On 13 July 2011, it was announced that Jonathan would leave Santos to train with Serie A giants Inter Milan, pending the finalization of the transfer. Two days on 15 July, he became an Inter player, signing a four-year contract.

Jonathan made his Inter debut on 11 September 2011 in week two of 2011–12 Serie A, playing the full 90 minutes in a 4–3 away loss to Palermo. Three days Jonathan made his Champions League debut, playing the entire match on Matchday 1 against Turkish side Trabzonspor in a 0–1 loss at the San Siro. In January 2012, Moreira moved to Parma on loan until the end of the season where he established himself as the team's regular right wing-back, he debuted with the club on 28 January, coming on as a substitute at half time in place of Brandão in a 1–1 draw against Catania. He scored his first goal with Parma on 11 April 2012 in a 2–0 win at Stadio Ennio Tardini against newly promoted Novara, he helped Parma to finish the season in 8th place. After playing for Parma in the final round, Moreira returned to Milan and was included in the 20-men squad to Indonesia and playing in both exhibition matches. In the playoffs for the Europa League, he played the two legs against Hajduk Split. On 17 April, Moreira scored his first goal for the Nerazzurri in the second leg of the Coppa Italia's semi-final in San Siro against Roma.

The match ended 2–3 for the visitors with Jonathan scoring Inter's first goal after a back heel assist by Tommaso Rocchi. On 21 April, Jonathan assisted Tommaso Rocchi for the only goal of the match against Parma, scored in 82nd minute, salvaging the club's hopes for qualifying for Europe. At the end of the season, Inter finished 2012–13 Serie A in a disappointing 9th place, which meant they failed to qualify for either UEFA Champions League or UEFA Europa League for the first time since 1999-2000. For this disappointing position, Stramaccioni was sacked and replaced by Walter Mazzarri, where Jonathan secured a more regular place at starting lineup. On 18 August 2013, in the opening match of the 2013–14 season, against Cittadella in third round of Coppa Italia, Jonathan scored his first goal of the season after he beat goalkeeper Raffaele Di Gennaro with a header, following a cross from Fredy Guarín. Inter won the match 4–0. In first match of the new season in Serie A, Jonathan assisted the first goal of Yuto Nagatomo in a 2–0 win over against Genoa, helping the team to make a fine start.

In second match on 1 September, Jonathan made his second assist of the season by providing the pass for Rodrigo Palacio opening goal of the 3–0 away win against Catania. On 26 September, Jonathan scored his first league goal with Inter in a 2–1 win at San Siro against Fiorentina, giving his team the advantage in the 83rd minute after a powerful shot from inside the box. One month Jonathan scored the opener in a 4–2 win over newly promoted Hellas Verona, ruled out as an own-goal. Jonathan scored for the second time in Serie A, netting the equalizer in a 1–1 away draw against Bologna on 24 November. Jonathan continued his fine form, supplying his third assist of the season in a 3–3 draw against Parma at the San Siro, assisting Rodrigo Palacio in the 44th minute of the match. On 14 September 2015, Jonathan returned to Brazil and signed for Fluminense until the end of the following year. On 22 December 2016, he moved to Atlético Paranaense. Jonathan has represented Brazil at under-17 level. Brazil reach in final where Jonathan played full 90 minutes and helped Seleção beat Spain in a 1–0 win.

Jonathan has never been capped at senior level for Brazil, which leaves the door open for either a Brazilian or Italian call-up. As of 11 November 2019 Cruzeiro Campeonato Mineiro: 2006, 2008, 2009Santos Campeonato Paulista: 2011 Copa Libertadores: 2011Athletico Paranaense Copa Sudamericana: 2018 J. League Cup / Copa Sudamericana Championship: 2019 Copa do Brasil: 2019 BrazilCopa dos Campeões do Mundo Sub-17: 2002 FIFA U-17 World Cup: 2003 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Team of the Year: 2009 Bola de Prata: 2009 Troféu Telê Santa: 2008, 2009 Jonathan at Sambafoot "Cruzeiro garante permanência de Jonathan". Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2007. Centralbrasileiro

N-Control Avenger

The N-Control Avenger is an attachment for video game controllers. It is a clamshell for the existing Xbox and PlayStation 3 controllers that alters the location of where the player interacts with the face buttons. Prior to release, the Avenger was subject to a public relations debacle. N-Control had collected money from customers for preorders, but was missing the expected arrival window; the company had hired Ocean Marketing to handle marketing of the project, Paul Christoforo responded for Ocean as customers began mounting inquiries about orders. Christoforo's replies to one particular customer compelled the customer to reach out to Internet media. Penny Arcade's Mike Krahulik further posted the correspondence with Ocean; the media's response was to roundly criticise Ocean's approach to customer service, which included vague excuses for delays and belittling the customer. Christoforo and Ocean Marketing were removed from the Avenger's account, with N-Control apologizing to customers and assuming control of the marketing itself.

N-Control discounted the cost of PlayStation 3 attachment preorders and donated to Penny Arcade's Child's Play charity. Christoforo still held a number of N-Control's digital assets for a number of months before being compelled to give them up; the Avenger received positive reviews appreciating that a player's thumb need not leave the right analog stick to interact with the face buttons. After using the device, Engadget appreciated the functionality and said that it should "not be mistaken for a crapgadget." Gizmodo proclaimed that after an initial learning curve, "you'll see no reason to take it off." Other reviewers noted the learning curve, though they felt that reaction time was improved after adapting to the device's layout