Isaac Freeman III, better known by his stage name Fatman Scoop, is an American hype man, hip hop promoter and radio personality famed for his on-stage rough, raw loud voice. He is known for the song "Be Faithful" which went to number one in the United Kingdom and Ireland in late 2003 and top 5 in Australia; the song had been a favorite in clubs around the world for years but it took two years to clear the samples from Jay-Z, Black Sheep, Queen Pen, The Beatnuts and Faith Evans. He has collaborated with numerous artists, such as Lil Jon, Mariah Carey, Janet Jackson, Whitney Houston and Skrillex, among others. Fatman Scoop has his own ice cream parlor and relationship show/podcast. All episodes can be seen on the Man and Wife channel on internet TV network, ONLOQ.com, as well as MTV. He appears as himself on the TV series The Boondocks. Fatman Scoop was interviewed by radio personality Madison Jaye in a YouTube video, published on March 22, 2014. During the interview, Fatman Scoop reveals that he received his stage name when he was a baby from his Uncle Jack, who would call him "Fatman Scoop" because he loved to eat ice cream.
People had thought that he received his stage name after appearing in the Fugees'Killing Me Softly' video as a cinema worker serving popcorn and ice-cream. Lauryn Hill was a massive ice-cream fan herself so would shout'scoop, fatman scoop' when she wanted a tub of her favourite snack, but Fatman Scoop stated "I was Fatman Scoop on the radio when that video came out."On August 27, 2015, he entered the Celebrity Big Brother UK house as a contestant, representing the US. On September 14, he was the third housemate to be evicted on Day 20. In July 2006, a club promoter in New Bern, North Carolina sued the Sheriff of Craven County, North Carolina after a 2003 concert held there was shut down by the sheriff due to a noise complaint; the suit is asking for more than $10,000 in punitive damages. Fatman Scoop's Party Breaks: Volume 1 In the Club Party King 2001: "Drop" 2005: "Lose Control" 2005: "Dance!" 2005: "It's like That" 2006: "Take the Lead 2006: "When I Were a Lad" 2006: "Up in Da Hood" 2006: "Let's Ride" 2007: "Behind the Cow" 2007: "Layaway Love" 2008: "Turn Around" 2008: "Be Faithful" 2009: "Just a Little Bit" 2009: "Think About Letting Go" 2009: "Onslaught 2" 2009: "Love Is Back" 2010: "Go Crazy" Art Beatz & Ariez Onasis 2010: "That’s What’s Up" 2010: "Gettin' Money" 2010: "Stick It to the Man" 2010: "Please Don't Break My Heart" 2010: "New Years Anthem" 2010: "I Wanna Get Drunk" 2010: "The Situation" 2010: "Pop & Drop" 2011: "Drop It Low" 2011: "Shake It" 2011: "Feel the Love" 2011: "Wine De Best" 2011: "Umutsuz Vaka" 2011: "Rock the Boat" 2012: "Raise the Roof" 2012: "Bad Girl" 2013: "Crash This Party" 2014: "Recess" 2015: "Don't Stop the Madness" 2014/2016/2017: "Bass Dunk" (Charlotte Devaney featuring Fatman Scoop & Lady Leshurr 2017: "Space Jam" 2018: "Level Up" 2019: "Wild" 2005: Grammy Award for Best Rap Song - Nomination - 2005: Smash Hits Poll Winners Party - Star Of The Year - Won - 2005: Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video - Won - 2006: Soul Train Music Award for Best R&B/Soul or Rap Dance Cut - Won - As a hype man for various artists, he has appeared and performed with a great number of other artists.
The following list are artists he has either done a song with, or in which he has appeared together with in a song: Official site Official Myspace Man and Wife TV homepage
Ramón Luis Ayala Rodríguez, known by his stage name Daddy Yankee, is a Puerto Rican singer, rapper and record producer. Ayala was born in Río Piedras, Puerto Rico, was raised in the neighborhood of Villa Kennedy Housing Projects. Daddy Yankee is the artist who coined the word Reggaeton in 1994 to describe the new music genre, emerging from Puerto Rico. Ayala aspired to be a professional baseball player, tried out for the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball. Before he could be signed, he was hit by a stray round from an AK-47 rifle while taking a break from a studio recording session with reggaeton artist DJ Playero. Ayala spent one and a half years recovering from the wound. In 2004, Daddy Yankee released his international hit single "Gasolina", credited with introducing Reggaeton to audiences worldwide, making the music genre a global phenomenon. Since he has sold around 20 million records. Daddy Yankee's album Barrio Fino made history when it became the top-selling Latin music album of the decade between 2000–2009.
In 2017, Daddy Yankee, in collaboration with Latin pop singer Luis Fonsi, released the hit single "Despacito". It became the first Spanish-language song to hit number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 since "Macarena" in 1996; the single gained global success. The video for "Despacito" on YouTube received its billionth view on April 20, 2017, became the most watched video in YouTube's history, its success led Daddy Yankee to become the most listened artist worldwide on the streaming service Spotify in June 2017, the first Latin artist to do so. As of 2017, Daddy Yankee has won 82 awards from 270 nominations since his rise to international fame in 2004, he has won 5 Latin Grammy Awards, 2 Billboard Music Awards, 14 Billboard Latin Music Awards, 2 Latin American Music Awards, 8 Lo Nuestro Awards, an MTV Video Music Award and 6 ASCAP Awards. He received a Puerto Rican Walk of Fame Star, special awards by People en Español magazine, the Presencia Latina at Harvard University, he was named by CNN as the "Most Influential Hispanic Artist" of 2009, included in Time 100 in 2006.
Daddy Yankee is considered to be one of the pioneers within the Reggaeton genre. Ayala was going to become a professional baseball player but he was shot in his leg while taking a break from a studio recording session; the bullet was never removed and he credits this incident with allowing him to pursue a musical career. He first appeared on the 1991 DJ Playero's Mixtape, Playero 34, with the song "So' Persigueme, No Te Detengas", his first official studio project as a solo artist was No Mercy, released on April 2, 1995 through White Lion Records and BM Records in Puerto Rico. Early in his career he attempted to imitate the rap style of Vico C, he went on to emulate other artists in the genre, including DJ Playero, DJ Nelson, Tempo taking elements from their styles in order to develop an original style with the Dembow rhythm. In doing so, he abandoned the traditional model of rap and became one of the first artists to perform reggaeton. Throughout the 1990s, Daddy Yankee appeared in several of DJ Playero's underground mixtapes which were banned by the Puerto Rican government due to explicit lyrics.
DJ Playero and Daddy Yankee would be credited for inventing the name "Reggaeton" to describe their music on the album Playero 36 in 1994. In 1997, Daddy Yankee collaborated with the rapper Nas, an inspiration for Ayala, in the song "The Profecy", for the album Boricua Guerrero, he released two compilation albums with original material: El Cartel and El Cartel II. Both albums were successful in Puerto Rico, but not throughout Latin America. Between those years, Ayala released a total of nine music videos, including "Posición" featuring Alberto Stylee, "Tu Cuerpo En La Cama" featuring Nicky Jam, "Muévete Y Perrea". In 2000, Daddy Yankee formed an unofficial duo called "Los Cangris" with Nicky Jam and released several successful singles together. Yankee and Nicky Jam fell apart in 2004 due to creative differences. In 2012, Daddy Yankee and Nicky Jam performed in various concerts together. In 2002, El Cangri.com became Ayala's first album with international success, receiving coverage in the markets of New York City and Miami with hits including "Latigazo", "Son Las Doce", "Guayando" and other songs like "Enciende", which talks about different social problems of the era, mentioning 9/11, corruption and religion.
In 2003, Daddy Yankee released a compilation album named Los Homerun-es, which contains his first charted single, five new songs and 12 remakes of DJ Playero's albums songs. That was charted, "Seguroski", being his first charted single after six of them. In 2003, Ayala collaborated for the first time with the prestigious reggaeton producers Luny Tunes on the album Mas Flow, with his commercial success song "Cógela Que Va Sin Jockey", Mas Flow 2. Luny Tunes would produce Daddy Yankee's album Barrio Fino and hit single Gasolina which were released in 2004, received numerous awards, including a Latin Grammy Award for Best Urban Music Album, Lo Nuestro Awards and a Latin Billboard, as well as receiving nominations for the MTV Video Music Awards. Ayala's next album, Barrio Fino, was produced by Luny Tunes and DJ Nelson among others and released in July 2004 by El Cartel Records and VI Music, it was the most anticipated album in the reggaeton community
John David Jackson, known professionally as Fabolous, is an American rapper from Brooklyn, New York City. Jackson's career began when he was a senior in high school and ended up rapping live on American record producer and music executive DJ Clue's radio show on Hot 97. Jackson was subsequently signed by DJ Clue to his label Desert Storm, secured a distribution deal with Elektra Records. Fabolous' first release, Ghetto Fabolous, spawned the hit singles "Can't Deny It" and "Young'n", which led Jackson to prominence, his second release was 2003's Street Dreams, supported by two Top 10 singles "Can't Let You Go" and "Into You". Including the aforementioned songs, Jackson has released a string of hit singles, such as "Trade It All, Pt. 2", "Breathe", "Make Me Better", "Baby Don't Go", "Throw It in the Bag" and "You Be Killin' Em". He is known for appearing on several R&B singles, including "Superwoman Pt. II" by Lil' Mo, "Dip It Low" by Christina Milian, "Shawty Is a 10" by The-Dream, "Addiction" by Ryan Leslie, "I Can't Hear the Music" by Brutha, "She Got Her Own" by Jamie Foxx, "Say Aah" by Trey Songz, much more.
In 2004, Jackson signed to Atlantic Records, after leaving Elektra, where he released Real Talk, his first and only album under Atlantic. In 2006, Jackson was let out of his contract with Atlantic and signed with Def Jam Recordings. In 2006, Jackson founded his own record label, Street Family Records. In 2007, he released From Nothin' under Def Jam. In 2009, he would go on to release Loso's Way. Throughout the years Jackson has released several mixtapes, including several installments of his acclaimed There Is No Competition series and The S. O. U. L. Tape series, respectively, he released his sixth album, The Young OG Project, in 2014. Fabolous was born John David Jackson on November 18, 1977 and is of Dominican and African-American descent, he grew up in Breevort Houses in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of the Brooklyn borough of New York City. While in his senior year of high school, Jackson began to pursue a career in hip hop music. In the early years of his career, he rapped under the name Fabolous Sport, in reference to Ralph Lauren's Polo Sport line, however this was shortened to Fabolous.
He was invited to rap live on American record producer and music executive DJ Clue's radio show on New York City radio station Hot 97. Fabolous and N. O. R. E. Rapped over the instrumental to The Lox's Money, Power & Respect, DJ Clue subsequently signed Fabolous to his record label, Desert Storm Records. Fabolous was featured on several DJ Clue mixtapes, as well as mixtapes with Roc-A-Fella artists; this earned Desert Storm a distribution deal with Elektra Records. In a September 6, 2001 interview with Hot104.com, Fabolous said he never planned on becoming a rapper and told the website: "I was just trying to make some money, ya know? I got tired of being broke; this was something. It just happened for me." Fabolous released his debut album, Ghetto Fabolous, on September 11, 2001. It debuted at number four on the Billboard 200; the album's first single, "Can't Deny It", was produced by Rick Rock and features a chorus by Nate Dogg interpolating Tupac Shakur's song "Ambitionz Az a Ridah". It charted on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, along with two of the subsequent singles.
The other charting singles were "Young'n", produced by The Neptunes and "Trade It All", which features vocals from Jagged Edge and was produced by DJ Clue and Duro. Fabolous released his second album Street Dreams on March 4, 2003. Powered by a Just Blaze beat and guest vocals from Lil' Mo and Mike Shorey, "Can't Let You Go" reached number one on the Rhythmic Top 40 chart and number four on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. "Into You" with Tamia reached number four on the Billboard Hot 100. Released on Street Dreams was the lead single club banger "This Is My Party" and "Trade It All Pt. 2" which featured Jagged Edge as it did on the Ghetto Fabolous version, as well as Diddy. Seven months on November 4, 2003, Fabolous dropped his official mixtape, More Street Dreams, Pt. 2: The Mixtape. It was an official release by Elektra; the album featured remixes and tracks not on Street Dreams. This album was an outlet for his three-man crew, known as the Triangle Offense, consisting of himself, Paul Cain, Joe Budden.
The album features a remix to song Fire, on Joe Budden's self-titled debut album. Fabolous' third album Real Talk was released on November 5, 2004, it debuted at number six on the Billboard 200 with 10,000 copies and had two charting singles, the lowest in his career. The two charting singles are his street anthem "Breathe" and "Baby," which features Mike Shorey, shows his more sensitive side that he has shown on many songs in the past, his second single was not promoted until weeks after the album's release. "Tit 4 Tat" was his third single. Pharrell of The Neptunes did the hook. Fab feels. Making the music video for his fourth single, "Do the Damn Thing" cost Jackson $30,000; the song featured Young Jeezy. The same year, Fabolous was nominated for a Grammy Award for his collaboration on the "Dip It Low" remix by Christina Milian. Fabolous stated in 2004; the line called "Rich Yung Society" was launched in 2006. In early 2006, Fabolous was let out of his contract with Atlantic and signed a recording contract with Def Jam Recordings, after a de facto trade th
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Doug E. Fresh
Douglas Davis, better known by his stage name Doug E. Fresh, is a Barbadian-American rapper, record producer and beatboxer known as the "Human Beat Box"; the pioneer of 20th-century American beatboxing, Fresh is able to imitate drum machines and various special effects using only his mouth, gums, tongue and a microphone. Doug E. Fresh began his recording career as a solo artist, he and a new team of DJs known as the Get Fresh Crew, along with newcomer MC Ricky D, came to fledgling New Jersey-based hip-hop label Danya/Reality Records the following year and recorded "The Show", which borrowed the melody of the Inspector Gadget theme by Shuki Levy. They recorded "La Di Da Di", a tune, voiced by MC Ricky D and backed by Doug E. Fresh's beatboxing for the entire duration of the song; the release of these two songs as a 12" single launched Doug E. Fresh into stardom. Both songs are considered among the greatest early hip-hop classics. "The Show" peaked at #7 on the UK Singles Chart in December 1985. Doug E.
Fresh was interviewed in the 1986 cult documentary Big Fun In The Big Town. Slick Rick left the group a year after the release of the "The Show"/"La Di Da Di" single, reappearing in 1988 as a Def Jam artist and releasing his debut album, The Great Adventures of Slick Rick. Doug E. Fresh and the Get Fresh Crew continued on, now signed to Danya/Reality/Fantasy, by releasing Oh, My God! in 1986, which included the hit song "All The Way To Heaven". In 1988, The World's Greatest Entertainer was released, featuring the song "Keep Risin' To The Top", named after Keni Burke's then-obscure 1981 hit "Rising To The Top". Doug E. Fresh's "Keep Risin' To The Top" samples the main chorus of Heatwave's 1976 classic "Ain't No Half Steppin'," which Big Daddy Kane sampled that same year for his song of the same name. In 1992, after a four-year hiatus, Doug E. Fresh joined MC Hammer's label Bust It Records and issued the album Doin' What I Gotta Do, a commercial failure despite some minor acclaim for the single "Bustin' Out", which sampled Rick James' 1979 single "Bustin' Out".
In 1993, Doug E. Fresh found a new home at Island Records-affiliated label Gee Street. However, he only released one single containing three songs: "I-ight", "Bounce" and "Freaks". Although "I-ight" was slated to become the first major hit for Doug E. Fresh in five years, it was immediately overshadowed by "Freaks", a dancehall tune beatboxed by Doug E. Fresh and vocalized by his protégé, a Brooklyn-born Jamaican teenage newcomer named Vicious; the song received major radio and club play, followed by video play in early 1994. Vicious would soon ink a deal with Sony Music's Epic Records for three years, although he would only release one album, Destination Brooklyn. In 1995, Slick Rick and Doug E. Fresh reunited for a track on an album titled Play. On the Play album was "Freak It Out", which featured Uncle Luke, was produced by platinum producer Frankie Cutlass and was appeared on the Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood soundtrack. Play was certified gold by the RIAA.
On May 23, 2007, Doug E. Fresh performed variations upon "The Show" with finalist Blake Lewis on the sixth-season finale of American Idol, the first hip-hop performance on the show. In 2010, Doug E. Fresh resurfaced when rap group Cali Swag District brought back some of his trademark dance moves for their song "Teach Me How to Dougie." Members of Cali Swag District saw Texas college students doing a local dance created in Dallas called the "D-Town Boogie". They recognized it as a modified version of Doug E. Fresh's dance moves and created a song that would feature the dance, but give Fresh his due credit. On June 27, 2010, Doug E. Fresh performed with Cali Swag District on "Teach Me, he performed a concert called "The Show" at the Paradise Theater on August 12, 2010. On November 8, 2010, Fresh appeared at the Soul Train Awards, where he taught CNN anchor Wolf Blitzer how to Dougie on stage as part of the show. On December 10, 2010, Fresh appeared on ESPN First Take to speak about the phenomenon of the Dougie as a sports celebration and voted on the best sports-related Dougie dances, selecting that of host Skip Bayless, though he rated Wolf Blitzer's Dougie at the Soul Train Awards as better but with no sports association.
On October 28, 2011 Doug E. Fresh performed at the Paradise Theater in a concert to benefit New York City's public hospitals. On July 9, 2012, Fresh served as a celebrity judge on the Apollo Live TV show. Beginning May 25, 2013, Fresh hosted a classic hip-hop and R&B show called "The Show" on New York's 107.5 WBLS, which aired 9:00-11:00 p.m. Saturday nights until the final broadcast on December 31, 2016. Fresh served as a guest mentor to Jeff Dye and Joe Jonas, performed with them, on the show I Can Do That on June 30, 2015. Doug E. Fresh is a member of the Church of Scientology, he performed for a large audience at the Scientology Celebrity Center's Anniversary
Bryan Christopher Williams, known by his stage name Birdman, is an American rapper, record executive and entrepreneur. He is the co-founder and public face of Cash Money Records which he founded with his older brother Ronald "Slim" Williams in 1991. Birdman released his eponymous debut album in 2002, has gone on to release four solo studio albums in total. Aside from his solo career, he is a member of the hip-hop duo Big Tymers, along with producer Mannie Fresh. Along with his solo work and numerous releases with the Big Tymers, Birdman has released a collaboration album and numerous tracks with fellow rapper and protégé Lil Wayne, whom he discovered and took under his wing at an early age. Birdman has made his name by contributing to the making of YMCMB, a combination of the former's "Cash Money" and Lil Wayne's Young Money Entertainment imprint under the label. Birdman has founded the project and hip hop supergroup Rich Gang, bringing attention to artists such as Young Thug and Rich Homie Quan.
Birdman was born Bryan Christopher Brooks on February 15, 1969 at Charity Hospital in New Orleans to Johnnie Williams and Gladys Brooks. For a month after his birth, he did not have a given name, which led to people calling him "Baby", a nickname he retains to this day. Williams did not sign the birth certificate, which led to Bryan taking his mother's surname at birth; as a child and his family lived on top of a bar, owned by their father. His mother, became ill and died in 1975 when Bryan was five years old. After their mother's death and his siblings Kim and Ray were taken in by their uncle and spent two or three years in Prince George, British Columbia, followed by two years in foster care upon their return to New Orleans. After their father Johnnie learned that they were in the foster home, a long legal battle took place in the mid-'70s which ended with Johnnie and his wife Patricia gaining full custody and Bryan's name changing to Bryan Williams, he lived in the Magnolia Projects in Central City, New Orleans, where he developed a strong friendship with his step-brother Eldrick Wise.
While living in the Magnolia and Wise began committing robberies and sold heroin before both getting arrested at the age of 16. At 18, both were again arrested for drug possession and sentenced to three years in Elayn Hunt Correctional Center. Williams served 18 months. After Bryan was released from prison, he and Slim both began paying attention to the emerging bounce sub-genre of hip-hop, a sound, becoming popular in nightclubs all over New Orleans. In 1991, Bryan came up with the idea to form their own record label, wanted to name it "Cash Money Records". Bryan and Slim would travel to nightclubs all over Louisiana to see, playing and try and recruit artists to the fledgling label, their first signed artist was a local rapper named Kilo G, who released the label's first project, a horrorcore album titled "The Sleepwalker" in 1991. Bryan and Slim continued to recruit more and more artists, Bryan was able to convince his friend and local DJ Mannie Fresh to become Cash Money's in-house producer.
By the mid-1990s, Cash Money had grown to a popular independent label in the south, with most of their fanbase located in New Orleans and the surrounding areas. In 1994, Cash Money artist Lil' Slim was introduced to 11-year-old Dwayne Carter at a local block party, after hearing him rap, bought him to Baby's attention, soon after Carter was signed to Cash Money as the youngest artist on the label. Carter was placed into a group with another young rapper, 13-year-old Christopher Dorsey, the two would be known as "Baby D" and "Lil Doogie", The B. G.'z. During this time, Baby himself began to rap as a member of the group 32 Golds, going by the name B-32. Despite their regional popularity, the label suffered many setbacks in the mid-1990s, with a number of the "first generation" of Cash Money artists leaving the label citing financial issues as the main reason. In addition to this, Kilo G, Pimp Daddy and Yella Boy were all murdered in the mid-90s; the only two artists to remain were Baby D and Lil Doogie, who renamed themselves Lil Wayne and B.
G. in 1997. The same year and Slim recruited two new artists and Juvenile, the four were placed together in a new group, known as the Hot Boys; the Hot Boys soon took Cash Money to new heights, the label was able to sign a $20 million deal with Universal Records in 1998. After Cash Money's nationwide success and Mannie Fresh formed their own group, dubbing themselves the Big Tymers. Big Tymers debuted in 1998 with the album How Ya Luv That? and went on to release I Got That Work in 2000 and Hood Rich in 2002. I Got That Work contained the popular singles "Get Your Roll On" and "#1 Stunna". Although the singles failed to chart on the Billboard Hot 100, I Got That Work was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling over 1 million copies in the United States. Hood Rich contained the hit single "Still Fly", nominated for a Grammy award and peaked at #11 on the Hot 100. Hood Rich was certified platinum in the US. Big Money Heavyweight followed in 2003, was again successful, being certified Gold in the US.
Baby released his major label debut, Birdman on November 26, 2002, by January 15, 2003, the album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America, for the shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States. The album peaked at #24 on the Billboard 200, featured guest appearances from Jazze Pha, Mannie Fresh, Lil' Wayne, Toni Braxton, Clipse, J
Antonín Leopold Dvořák was a Czech composer, one of the first to achieve worldwide recognition. Following the Romantic-era nationalist example of his predecessor Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák employed rhythms and other aspects of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák's own style has been described as "the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them". Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age; the first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was aged 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but did not win, the unreturned manuscript was lost until rediscovered many decades later. In 1874 he made a submission to the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Although Dvořák was not aware of it, Johannes Brahms was the leading member of the jury and was impressed.
The prize was awarded to Dvořák in 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music had excellent sales, Dvořák's international reputation was launched at last. Dvořák's first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880, it was successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England conducting performances of his own works, his Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces.
In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works: the Symphony From the New World, which spread his reputation worldwide, his Cello Concerto, one of the most regarded of all cello concerti, he wrote his most appreciated piece of chamber music, the American String Quartet, during this time. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States and return to Bohemia in 1895. All of Dvořák's nine operas but his first have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are widely performed and recorded, he has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".
Dvořák was born in Nelahozeves near Prague, in the Austrian Empire, was the eldest son of František Dvořák and his wife, Anna, née Zdeňková. František worked as an innkeeper, a professional player of the zither, a butcher. Anna was the daughter of the bailiff of the Prince of Lobkowicz. Anna and František married on 17 November 1840. Dvořák was the first of fourteen children. Dvořák was baptized as a Roman Catholic in the village's church of St. Andrew. Dvořák's years in Nelahozeves nurtured his strong Christian faith and the love for his Bohemian heritage that so influenced his music. In 1847, Dvořák was taught to play violin by his teacher Joseph Spitz, he showed early skill, playing in a village band and in church. František was pleased with his son's gifts. At the age of 13, through the influence of his father, Dvořák was sent to Zlonice to live with his uncle Antonín Zdenĕk in order to learn the German language, his first composition, the Forget-Me-Not Polka in C was written as early as 1855.
Dvořák took organ and violin lessons from his German-language teacher Anton Liehmann. Liehmann taught the young boy music theory and introduced him to the composers of the time. Liehmann was the church organist in Zlonice and sometimes let Antonín play the organ at services. Dvořák took further organ and music theory lessons at Česká Kamenice with Franz Hanke, who encouraged his musical talents further and was more sympathetic. At the age of 16, through the urging of Liehmann and Zdenĕk, František allowed his son to become a musician, on the condition that the boy should work toward a career as an organist. After leaving for Prague in September 1857, Dvořák entered the city's Organ School, studying singing with Josef Zvonař, theory with František Blažek, organ with Joseph Foerster; the latter was not only a professor at the Prague Conservatory, but a composer for the organ. Dvořák took an additional language course to improve his German and worked as an "extra" violist in numerous bands and orchestras, including the orchestra of the St. Cecilia Society.
Dvořák graduated from ranking second in his class. He applied unsuccessfu