New Philadelphia, Ohio
New Philadelphia is a city in and the county seat of Tuscarawas County, United States. The county's largest city, New Philadelphia is located on the Tuscarawas River, it is located 119 miles northeast of Columbus. The population was 17,288 at the 2010 census; because of the presence of coal and clay, early industry in the city centered on mining interests and the manufacture of steel, canned goods, roofing tile, sewer pipe, vacuum cleaners, carriages, flour and pressed, enameled goods. New Philadelphia is a principal city in the New Philadelphia–Dover, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Tuscarawas County, as well as the southern regions of Northeast Ohio; the Moravian Church founded Schoenbrunn in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians. The settlement grew to include sixty dwellings and more than 300 inhabitants who drew up Ohio's first civil code and built its first Christian church and schoolhouse. Problems associated with the American Revolution prompted Schoenbrunn's closing in 1777.
The founder, John Knisely, returned to Ohio in 1804 with his family and 33 other pioneers, he hired surveyor John Wells to plot out New Philadelphia in the same grid style as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1833, New Philadelphia contained county buildings, a printing office, several stores, five taverns. New Philadelphia is located at 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W, along the Tuscarawas River, it lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.39 square miles, of which 8.22 square miles is land and 0.17 square miles is water. New Philadelphia's design was based on the design of Pennsylvania; the two main streets in the city are High Avenue and Broadway, both of which were named after two main streets from Philadelphia, except, in Philadelphia, High Avenue was renamed Market Street in 1858, "the High Street" was the familiar name of the principal street in nearly every English town at the time Philadelphia was founded, Broad Street is the closest street name in Philadelphia to Broadway.
No historical records exist for a road named Broadway in Philadelphia. The chief way to reach Dover is through 4th St NW, renamed the Boulevard in Dover; the street features four-lane streets with medians. Right before Dover it opens up and features a Wendy's, McDonald's, Arby's, Burger King with a Taco Bell being past the border; as of the census of 2010, there were 17,288 people, 7,282 households, 4,541 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,103.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,909 housing units at an average density of 962.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population. There were 7,282 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.6% were non-families.
31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,056 people, 7,338 households, 4,659 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,188.0 people per square mile. There were 7,796 housing units at an average density of 1,000.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.89% White, 0.97% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population. There were 7,338 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families.
31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88. In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,235, the median income for a family was $42,896. Males had a median income of $32,157 versus $20,363 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,745. About 7.7% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. Tuscora Park is a municipal park that features a carousel, Ferris wheel and other rides, along with miniature golf and batting cages. Tuscora Park was built as a project of the Works Progress Administration.
The park is now the home of the Park Place Teen Center, a facility for high school students that provides entertainment
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Akron Beacon Journal
The Akron Beacon Journal is a morning newspaper in Akron, United States. Owned by GateHouse Media, it is the sole daily newspaper in Akron and is distributed throughout Northeast Ohio; the paper's coverage focuses on local news and business rubber and tire production. The Beacon-Journal has won three Pulitzer Prizes: in 1968, 1971, 1987; the paper was founded with the 1897 merger of the Summit Beacon, first published in 1839, the Akron Evening Journal, founded in 1896. In 1903, the Beacon Journal was purchased by Charles Landon Knight, his son John S. Knight inherited the paper, on Charles' death; the Beacon Journal under Knight was the original and flagship newspaper of Knight Newspaper Company called Knight Ridder. The McClatchy Company bought Knight Ridder in June 2006 with intentions of selling 12 Knight Ridder newspapers. On August 2, 2006, McClatchy sold the Beacon Journal to Black Press. In 2018, GateHouse Media bought the newspaper. On November 11, 2013, the Akron Beacon Journal printed its last paper in-house.
It subsequently used the presses at The Repository in Canton, Ohio owned by GateHouse. As of March 2019 it was using the presses at The Plain Dealer in Ohio. Sheldon Ocker, who covered the Cleveland Indians for the Beacon Journal, received the 2018 J. G. Taylor Spink Award. Official website McClatchy to Sell the Akron Beacon Journal to Black Press Ltd. Knight Ridder sale wins approval
The Columbus Dispatch
The Columbus Dispatch is a daily newspaper based in Columbus, Ohio. Its first issue was published on July 1, 1871, has been the only mainstream daily newspaper in the city since The Columbus Citizen-Journal ceased publication in 1985. In a sale announced on June 3, 2015, ownership of the Dispatch was transferred to GateHouse Media; the Dispatch Broadcast Group, comprising WBNS-AM-FM-TV in Columbus and WTHR in Indianapolis, will remain in the hands of the Wolfe family. As of October 26, 2015, Bradley M. Harmon is the newspaper's publisher. Alan D. Miller is the editor; the paper was founded in June 1871 by a group of 10 printers with US$900 in financial capital. The paper published its first issue as The Daily Dispatch on July 1, 1871, as a four-page paper which cost 4¢ per copy; the paper was an afternoon paper for the city of Columbus, which at the time had a population of 32,000. For its first few years, the paper rented a headquarters on North High Street and Lynn Alley in Columbus, it began with 800 subscribers.
On April 2, 1888, the paper published its first full-page advertisement, for the Columbus Buggy Company. In 1895, the paper moved its headquarters to the northeast corner of Gay and High streets, a larger building on a site, a grocer. On April 10, the paper published a 72-page edition to mark the move. On December 17, 1899, the paper published its first Sunday edition, a 36-page paper which cost 3¢, the daily editions were reduced in price to 2¢. Two years on March 3, 1901, the paper published its first color comic strips; the paper, renamed The Columbus Evening Dispatch, changed hands several times in its early years. In 1905, it was purchased by brothers Harry Preston Wolfe and Robert Frederick Wolfe, who ran a shoe company, it was not the Wolfes' first entry into journalism. The Dispatch would remain in the hands of the Wolfe family for 110 years. On December 16, 1906, the paper published its first color ad, for Beggs Store. On April 9, 1907, the Dispatch offices were destroyed in a fire, the building was demolished and rebuilt.
In the interlude, the paper ran its offices out of 34/36 North High Street. The paper's editorial staff traditionally has had a conservative slant; until it endorsed Hillary Clinton over Donald Trump, the paper's last endorsement of a Democrat as a Presidential candidate had been for the re-election of Woodrow Wilson in 1916. The Dispatch endorsed Democratic gubernatorial candidate Ted Strickland in the 2006 Ohio elections, but endorsed John Kasich, the Republican candidate running against his reelection, in 2010A competing paper, The Columbus Citizen-Journal was beholden to the Columbus Dispatch for its printing facilities, controversy surrounded the C-J's demise in 1985. On June 16, 2015, the Dispatch was purchased by the New Media Investment Group; the sections of the Dispatch include the Front Section, Nation & World, Metro & State, Business and Life & Arts. The Food section is included in the Wednesday paper; the Weekender section is included in the Thursday paper. A Faith & Values section is included in the Friday paper.
Sunday sections include Arts & Leisure, At Home and comics. The Columbus Dispatch owns the magazines Columbus Monthly, Columbus CEO, Columbus Weddings, Columbus Monthly Home & Garden, Columbus Alive, Columbus Parent. James Thurber Official website
Massillon is a city in Stark County in the U. S. state of Ohio 8 miles west of Canton, 20 miles south of Akron, 50 miles south of Cleveland. The population was 32,149 at the 2010 census. Massillon is the second largest incorporated area within the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census, the metropolitan area had a population of 404,422 and includes all of Stark and Carroll counties. The city's incorporated area resides in the western half of Perry Township, with portions extending north into Jackson Township, west into Tuscarawas Township, south into Bethlehem Township; the village of Navarre borders the city to the south. The original settlement of Kendal was founded in 1812 by Thomas Rotch, a Quaker of New Bedford and Hartford, Connecticut. James Duncan of New Hampshire first settled in Kendal before recording the plot for Massillon on December 6, 1826. Duncan, known as the city's founder, named the town after Jean Baptiste Massillon, a French Catholic bishop, at the request of his wife.
The town plat was established along the east bank of the Tuscarawas River, the surveyed route for the Ohio and Erie Canal being constructed to connect Lake Erie with the Ohio River. The canal section spanning from Cleveland to Massillon was completed in 1828. Massillon became a major port town along the canal route, known as the Port of Massillon, following the canal's completion in the 1832; the first telegraph lines would reach Massillon in 1847, the Ohio & Pennsylvania Railroad would extend its rails to Massillon in 1852. Massillon incorporated as a village in 1853. In 1868, Massillon incorporated as a city when the populated reached 5,000; the C. M. Russell & Company, formed in 1842 by Charles. M. Russell and his brothers, Nahum Russell and Clement Russell, manufactured threshing machines and other agricultural implements in Massillon; the company incorporated in 1864 as Russell & Company Inc.. In 1884, Russell & Company began producing its famed steam traction engines and became one of the largest producers of industrial and agricultural equipment.
A merger with the Griscom-Spencer company in 1912 created the Griscom-Russell Company. Griscom-Russell produced heat exchangers for the United States Navy during World War II; the company closed in 1962. The Massillon Iron Bridge Company was founded by Joseph Davenport in 1869 after moving to Massillon from Boston to work at the C. M. Russell & Company. Davenport invented and built the first locomotive "cowcatcher" and cab in Massillon; the company incorporated in 1887 as The Massillon Bridge Company. The Massillon Bridge Company designed and built steel truss bridges up through the mid-1900s, many of which stand today; the Massillon State Hospital for the Insane opened in 1898 on 240 acres of land given to the state of Ohio for the purpose of constructing the hospital. The hospital was established by Ohio governor William McKinley. By 1950 there were 3,100 patients in the hospital. Today it is known as Heartland Behavioral Healthcare; the Forest City Motor Company was founded in Cleveland in 1906 but relocated to Massillon that same year.
Forest City produced 1,000 of their Jewel automobiles in Massillon between 1906 and 1909. The name of the company was changed to the Jewel Motor Car Company but the company ceased production in 1909. Although steelmaking and fabrication is found throughout its history, some say Massillon's steel age didn't start until 1909, when the first sheet of steel was rolled at the Massillon Rolling Mill Company. Massillon Rolling merged into the Central Steel Company in 1914, lit its first open hearth furnace in 1915. Central Steel became known as the Central Alloy Steel Company. In April 1930, Central Alloy merged with Republic Steel, becoming the third largest steel company in the world, with its Massillon operations employing nearly one-half of the city's workforce by 1959; this included other Massillon divisions like Massillon Union Drawn Steel and its stainless steel division Enduro Stainless. In 1984 Republic Steel was purchased by LTV Steel. Enduro closed in 1985, it and other stainless plants went through several ownership changes over the following 15 years.
The main Republic facilities on the southwest side of Massillon closed by 2002. Stanley Macomber designed the open-web steel joist in 1921 while working for Massillon's Central Steel Company. Macomber left Central Steel and founded the Massillon Steel Joist Co. in 1923. His open-web steel joist, patented in 1924, was known as the Massillon Steel Joist. Macomber's invention was a revolutionary assembly of steel joists with a top slab used to support of floors and roofs; the basis of Macomber's steel joist design is still used today. Stanley Macomber was inducted into the Inventors Hall of Fame in 2011. Lincoln Highway, the first U. S. highway to run from coast to coast, was envisioned in 1913 and followed Main Street through the center of Massillon. Main Street was renamed Lincoln Way in recognition of the new highway. In 1928, the federal government renamed Lincoln Highway to U. S. 30. A controlled access freeway was constructed in 1971, bypassing U. S. 30 around to the city's most southern part. The old Lincoln Highway that runs through Massillon and Canton was reassigned as State Route 172.
Massillon was a site where one of the most tragic instances of anti-union violence in the history of the United States occurred. The Steel Workers Organizing Committee began an attempt to organize workers at Republic Steel in the spring of 1937, following the unionizing of workers at the country's two largest steel companies US Steel and Jones & Laughlin Steel. In retali
Tuscarawas Township, Stark County, Ohio
Tuscarawas Township is one of the seventeen townships of Stark County, United States. The 2000 census found 6,093 people in the township. Located in the western part of the county, it borders the following townships: Lawrence Township - north Jackson Township - northeast corner Perry Township - east Bethlehem Township - southeast corner Sugar Creek Township - south Sugar Creek Township, Wayne County - west Baughman Township, Wayne County - northwestPart of the city of Massillon is located in eastern Tuscarawas Township. Statewide, the only other Tuscarawas Township is located in Coshocton County. In 1833, Tuscarawas Township consisted of one gristmill, five saw mills, one fulling mill, two tanneries, two stores; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website
Summit County, Ohio
Summit County is an urban county in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 541,781 making it the fourth-most populous county in Ohio, its county seat is Akron. The county was formed on March 3, 1840, from portions of Medina and Stark Counties, it was named "Summit County" because the highest elevation on the Ohio and Erie Canal is located in the county. Summit County is part of the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419.38 square miles, of which 412.08 square miles is land and 7.3 square miles is water. The largest portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the northern part of the county; the southern border of the former Connecticut Western Reserve passes through the southern part of the county, leading to jogs in the east and west borders of the county. Cuyahoga County - northwest Geauga County - northeast Portage County - east Stark County - south Wayne County - southwest Medina County - west Cuyahoga Valley National Park Summit County, along with Cuyahoga County, is one of two of Ohio's 88 counties that have a charter government, as authorized by Article X of the Ohio Constitution.
Under its charter, rather than three elected commissioners, Summit County has an elected County Executive and an eleven-member County Council. Eight members of the council are elected from individual districts the other three are elected at large. Summit County has an appointed Medical Examiner rather than an elected Coroner, an elected Fiscal Officer, who exercises the powers and performs the duties of a county auditor and recorder; the remaining officials are similar to the officials in other counties. They include the following: Clerk of Courts - Sandra Kurt Prosecuting Attorney - Sherri Bevan Walsh Engineer - Alan Brubaker Sheriff - Steve Barry Fiscal Officer - Kristen Scalise Summit County has 14 Common Pleas judges, they are: Kelly McLaughlin, Kathryn Michael, Christine Croce, Amy Corrigall Jones, Alison McCarty, Tammy O'Brien, Joy Oldfield, Mary Margaret Rowlands, Alison Breaux, Jill Flagg Lanzinger Linda Tucci Teodosio Katarina Cook John P. Quinn Elinore Marsh Stormer Summit County has an 11-member council.
Three members are elected at-large in mid-term cycles, while eight members are elected from districts coinciding with the Presidential election. The current members of Summit County Council are: Clair Dickinson Elizabeth Walters John Donofrio Ron Koehler John Schmidt Gloria Rodgers Jeff Wilhite David Hamilton Jerry Feeman Beth McKenney Paula Prentice John R. Morgan, 1981–1989 Tim Davis, 1989–2001 James B. McCarthy, 2001–2007 Russell M. Pry, 2007-2016 Ilene Shapiro, 2016–present As of the 2010 Census, there were 541,781 people, 222,781 households, 141,110 families residing in the county; the population density was 1,312.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 245,109 housing units at an average density of 593.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.6% white, 14.4% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 10.6% were English, 10.1% were Italian, 5.1% were Polish, 4.5% were American.
Of the 222,781 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,926 and the median income for a family was $62,271. Males had a median income of $47,892 versus $35,140 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,676. About 10.0% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. Like most of Northeast Ohio, Summit is Democratic, it has only voted Republican three times since 1932, all in national Republican landslides– Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1956 victory, the 49-state sweeps by Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan in 1972 and 1984, respectively.
School Districts in Summit County do not follow City and Township Corporation limits or township borders. Many School Districts in Summit County overlap community borders. Below is a list of all public school districts in Ohio. Akron Public School District Revere Local School District Copley–Fairlawn City School District Woodridge Local School District Hudson City School District Stow-Munroe Falls City School District Cuyahoga Falls City School District Tallmadge City School District Mogadore Local School District Springfield Local School District Coventry Local School District Green Local School District Manchester Local School District Barberton City School District Norton City School District Twinsburg City School District Nordonia Hills City School District University of Akron, Akron Kent State University Regional Academic Center, Twinsburg Summit Metro Parks National Register of Historic Places listings in Summit