Steven Allan Spielberg is an American filmmaker. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era and one of the most popular directors and producers in film history. Spielberg started in Hollywood directing television and several minor theatrical releases, he became a household name as the director of Jaws, critically and commercially successful and is considered the first summer blockbuster. His subsequent releases focused on science fiction and adventure films, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, the Indiana Jones series, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Jurassic Park are seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood escapist filmmaking. Spielberg transitioned into addressing serious issues in his work with The Color Purple, Empire of the Sun, Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan, he has adhered to this practice during the 21st century, with Munich, Bridge of Spies, The Post. He co-founded Amblin Entertainment and DreamWorks Studios, where he has served as a producer for several successful films, including the Gremlins, Back to the Future, Men in Black, the Transformers series.
He transitioned into producing several games within the video-game industry. Spielberg is one of the American film industry's most critically successful filmmakers, with praise for his directing talent and versatility, he has won the Academy Award for Best Director twice; some of his movies are among the highest-grossing movies of all-time, while his total work makes him the highest-grossing film director in history. His net worth is estimated to be more than $3 billion. Spielberg was born on December 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio, his mother, was a restaurateur and concert pianist, his father, Arnold Spielberg, was an electrical engineer involved in the development of computers. His family was Orthodox Jewish. Spielberg's paternal grandparents were Jewish Ukrainian immigrants who settled in Cincinnati in the 1900s. In 1950, his family moved to Haddon Township, New Jersey, when his father took a job with RCA. Three years the family moved to Phoenix, Arizona. Spielberg attended Hebrew school from 1953 in classes taught by Rabbi Albert L. Lewis.
As a child, Spielberg faced difficulty reconciling being an Orthodox Jew with the perception of him by other children he played with. "It isn't something I enjoy admitting," he once said, "but when I was seven, nine years old, God forgive me, I was embarrassed because we were Orthodox Jews. I was embarrassed by the outward perception of my parents' Jewish practices. I was never ashamed to be Jewish, but I was uneasy at times." Spielberg said he suffered from acts of anti-Semitic prejudice and bullying: "In high school, I got smacked and kicked around. Two bloody noses, it was horrible." At age 12, he made his first home movie: a train wreck involving his toy Lionel trains. Throughout his early teens, after entering high school, Spielberg continued to make amateur 8 mm "adventure" films. In 1958, he became a Boy Scout and fulfilled a requirement for the photography merit badge by making a nine-minute 8 mm film entitled The Last Gunfight. Years Spielberg recalled to a magazine interviewer, "My dad's still-camera was broken, so I asked the scoutmaster if I could tell a story with my father's movie camera.
He said yes, I got an idea to do a Western. I got my merit badge; that was how it all started." At age 13, while living in Phoenix, Spielberg won a prize for a 40-minute war film he titled Escape to Nowhere... using a cast composed of other high school friends. That motivated him to make 15 more amateur 8 mm films; some of the films he cited as early influences that he grew up watching include the Godzilla kaiju film King of the Monsters, which he called "the most masterful of all the dinosaur movies because it made you believe it was happening", as well as titles such as Captains Courageous and Lawrence of Arabia. In 1963, at age 16, Spielberg wrote and directed his first independent film, a 140-minute science fiction adventure called Firelight, which would inspire Close Encounters; the film was made for $500, most of which came from his father, was shown in a local cinema for one evening, which earned back its cost. After attending Arcadia High School in Phoenix for three years, his family next moved to Saratoga, where he graduated from Saratoga High School in 1965.
He attained the rank of Eagle Scout. His parents divorced while he was still in school, soon after he graduated Spielberg moved to Los Angeles, staying with his father, his long-term goal was to become a film director. His three sisters and mother remained in Saratoga. In Los Angeles, he applied to the University of Southern California's film school, but was turned down because of his "C" grade average, he applied and was admitted to California State University, Long Beach, where he became a brother of Theta Chi Fraternity. While still a student, he was offered a small unpaid intern job at Universal Studios with the editing department, he was given the opportunity to make a short film for theatrical release, the 26-minute, 35 mm, Amblin', which he wrote and directed. Studio vice president Sidney Sheinberg was impressed by the film, which had won a number of awards, offered Spielberg a seven-year directing contract, it made him the youngest director to be signed for a long-term deal with a major Hollywood studio.
He subsequently dropped out of college to begin pro
Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
James Garner was an American actor and voice artist. He starred in several television series over more than five decades, including such popular roles as Bret Maverick in the 1950s western series Maverick and Jim Rockford in The Rockford Files, played leading roles in more than 50 theatrical films, including The Great Escape with Steve McQueen, Paddy Chayefsky's The Americanization of Emily, Grand Prix, Blake Edwards' Victor/Victoria, Murphy's Romance, for which he received an Academy Award nomination, Space Cowboys with Clint Eastwood, The Notebook. James Garner was born James Scott Bumgarner on April 7, 1928, in Norman, the youngest of three sons of Weldon Warren Bumgarner and Mildred Scott, his older brothers were Jack Garner and Charles Bumgarner, a school administrator who died in 1984. His family was Methodist, his mother died. After their mother's death and his brothers were sent to live with relatives. Garner was reunited with his family in 1934. Garner's father remarried several times.
Garner came to hate one of his stepmothers, who beat all three boys. He said that his stepmother punished him by forcing him to wear a dress in public; when he was 14 years old, he fought with her, knocking her down and choking her to keep her from killing him in retaliation. She left the family and never returned, his brother Jack commented, "She was a damn no-good woman". Garner's last stepmother was Grace, whom he said he loved and called "Mama Grace", felt that she was more of a mother to him than anyone else had been. After the war, Garner joined his father in Los Angeles and enrolled at Hollywood High School, where he was voted the most popular student. A high school gym teacher recommended him for a job modeling Jantzen bathing suits, it paid well, but in his first interview for the Archives of American Television, he said he hated modeling. He played football and basketball at Norman High School, competed on the track and golf teams. However, he dropped out in his senior year. In a 1976 Good Housekeeping magazine interview, he admitted, "I was a terrible student and I never graduated from high school, but I got my diploma in the Army."
Shortly after his father's marriage to Wilma broke up, his father moved to Los Angeles, leaving Garner and his brothers in Norman. After working at several jobs he disliked, Garner joined the United States Merchant Marine at age 16 near the end of World War II, he liked the work and his shipmates. Garner enlisted in the California Army National Guard, he went to Korea for 14 months, as a rifleman in the 5th Regimental Combat Team during the Korean War part of the 24th Infantry Division. He was wounded twice, first in the face and hand by shrapnel from a mortar round, the second time in the buttocks from friendly fire from U. S. fighter jets as he dived head first into a foxhole. Garner received the Purple Heart in Korea for the first wound, he qualified for a second Purple Heart, but he did not receive it until 1983, 32 years after the event. In 1954, Paul Gregory, a friend whom Garner had met while attending Hollywood High School, persuaded Garner to take a nonspeaking role in the Broadway production of The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial, where he was able to study Henry Fonda night after night.
During the week of Garner's death, TCM broadcast most of his movies, introduced by Robert Osborne, who said that Fonda's gentle, sincere persona rubbed off on Garner to Garner's benefit. Garner subsequently moved to television commercials and to television roles. In 1955, Garner was considered for the lead role in the Western series Cheyenne, but that role went to Clint Walker because the casting director could not reach Garner in time. Garner wound up playing an Army officer in the "Cheyenne" pilot, his first film appearances were in The Girl He Left Behind and Toward the Unknown in 1956. In 1957, he had a supporting role in the TV anthology series episode on Conflict entitled "Man from 1997," portraying Maureen's brother "Red"; the series' producer Roy Huggins noted in his Archive of American Television interview that he subsequently cast Garner as the lead in Maverick due to his comedic facial expressions while playing scenes in "Man from 1997" that were not written to be comical. He changed his last name from Bumgarner to Garner after the studio had credited him as "James Garner" without permission.
He legally changed it upon the birth of his first child, when he decided she had too many names. Garner was advised by financial adviser Irving Leonard, who advised Clint Eastwood in the late 1950s and 1960s. After several feature film roles, including Sayonara with Marlon Brando, Garner got his big break playing the role of professional gambler Bret Maverick in the Western series Maverick from 1957-1960. Only Garner and series creator Roy Huggins thought Maverick could compete with The Ed Sullivan Show and The Steve Allen Show; the show immediately made Garner a household name. Garner was the lone star of Maverick for the first seven episodes, but production demands forced the studio, Warner Brothers, to create a Maverick brother, Bart
Alan Alda is an American actor, screenwriter and author. A six-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award winner, he played Hawkeye Pierce in the war television series M*A*S*H, he has appeared on television programs such as Scientific American Frontiers, The West Wing, 30 Rock, in films such as Same Time, Next Year and Crimes and Misdemeanors. He experienced success as a director with 1981's The Four Seasons. In 2004, Alda was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in The Aviator. Alda was born Alphonso Joseph D'Abruzzo on January 1936 in the Bronx, New York City. Alda spent his childhood with his parents travelling around the United States in support of his father's job as a performer in burlesque theatres, his father Robert Alda was an actor and singer, his mother Joan Browne was a homemaker and former beauty-pageant winner. His father was of Italian descent and his mother was of Irish ancestry, his adopted surname, "Alda", is a portmanteau of D'Abruzzo. When Alda was seven years old, he contracted polio.
To combat the disease, his parents administered a painful treatment regimen developed by Sister Elizabeth Kenny, consisting of applying hot woollen blankets to his limbs and stretching his muscles. Alda attended Archbishop Stepinac High School in New York. In 1956, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree in English from Fordham University in the Bronx, where he was a student staff member of its FM radio station, WFUV. Alda's half-brother, Antony Alda, born that year became an actor. During Alda's junior year, he studied in Paris, acted in a play in Rome, performed with his father on television in Amsterdam. In college, he was a member of the ROTC, after graduation, he served for a year at Fort Benning, six months in the United States Army Reserve on a tour of duty in Korea. Alda began his career in the 1950s, as a member of the Compass Players, an improvisational, comedy revue directed by Paul Sills, he joined the acting company at the Cleveland Play House during the 1958-59 season as part of a grant from the Ford Foundation, appearing in productions such as To Dorothy A Son, Heaven Come Wednesday and Job.
In the November 1964 world premiere at the ANTA Playhouse of the stage version of The Owl and The Pussycat, he played Felix the "Owl" opposite the "Pussycat", played by actress/singer Diana Sands. He continued to play Felix the "Owl" for the 1964-65 Broadway season. In 1966, he starred in the musical The Apple Tree on Broadway starring Barbara Harris. Alda says. Alda was part of the cast, along with David Frost, Henry Morgan and Buck Henry, of the American television version of That Was The Week That Was, which ran as a series from January 10, 1964 to May 1965, he made his Hollywood acting debut as a supporting player in Gone are the Days! – a film version of the Broadway play Purlie Victorious, which co-starred Ruby Dee and her husband, Ossie Davis. Other film roles followed, such as his portrayal of author and actor George Plimpton in the film Paper Lion, as well as The Extraordinary Seaman, the occult-murder-suspense thriller The Mephisto Waltz, with actresses Jacqueline Bisset and Barbara Parkins.
During this time, Alda appeared as a panelist on the 1968 revival of What's My Line?. He appeared as a panelist on I've Got a Secret during its 1972 syndication revival. In early 1972, Alda auditioned for and was selected to play the role of Hawkeye Pierce in the TV adaptation of the 1970 film MASH, he was nominated for 21 Emmy Awards, won five. He took part in writing 19 episodes, including the 1983 2½-hour series finale Goodbye and Amen, the 32nd episode he directed, it remains the single most-watched episode of any American broadcast network television series. Alda was the only series regular to appear in all 251 episodes. Alda commuted from Los Angeles to his home in New Jersey every weekend for 11 years while starring in M*A*S*H, his wife and daughters lived in New Jersey and he did not want to move his family to Los Angeles because he did not know how long the show would last. Alda's father, Robert Alda, half-brother Antony Alda appeared together in an episode of M*A*S*H, "Lend a Hand", during season eight.
Robert had appeared in "The Consultant" in season three. During the first five seasons of the series, the tone of M*A*S*H was that of a traditional "service comedy", in the vein of shows such as McHale's Navy. However, as the original writers left the series, Alda gained increasing control, by the final seasons had become a producer and creative consultant. Under his watch, M*A*S*H retained its comedic foundation, but assumed a somewhat more serious tone addressing political issues; as a result, the 11 years of M*A*S*H are split into two eras: the Larry Gelbart/Gene Reynolds "comedy" years, the Alan Alda "dramatic" years. Alda disagreed with this assessment. In a 2016 interview he stated, "I don't like to write political messages. I don't like plays. I do not think I am responsible for that."For the first three seasons and his co-stars Wayne Rogers and McLean Stevenson worked well together, but tensions increased as Alda's role grew in popularity. Rogers and Stevenson both left the show at the end of the third season.
At the beginning of the fourth season and the producers decided to find a replacement actor to play the sur
Chris Carter (screenwriter)
Christopher Carl Carter is an American television and film producer and writer. Born in Bellflower, Carter graduated with a degree in journalism from California State University, Long Beach before spending thirteen years working for Surfing Magazine. After beginning his television career working on television films for Walt Disney Studios, Carter rose to fame in the early 1990s after creating the science fiction-supernatural television series The X-Files for the Fox network; the X-Files earned high viewership ratings, led to Carter's being able to negotiate the creation of future series. Carter has his own television production company, Ten Thirteen Productions, wherein he went on to create three more series for the network—Millennium, a doomsday-themed series which met with critical approval and low viewer numbers. Carter's film roles include writing both of The X-Files' cinematic spin-offs—1998's successful The X-Files and the poorly received 2008 follow-up The X-Files: I Want to Believe, the latter of which he directed—while his television credits have earned him several accolades including eight Primetime Emmy Award nominations.
Chris Carter was born on October 1956 in Bellflower, California. His father worked in the construction industry. Carter has described his childhood as "fairly normal", was fond of both Little League Baseball and surfing, he attended California State University, Long Beach in Long Beach, graduated with a journalism degree in 1979. An avid surfer, he began writing for Surfing Magazine, a San Clemente-based journal becoming its editor at the age of 28. Carter would work for the magazine for thirteen years, credits his tenure there for teaching him how to run a business, it was at this time that Carter began taking an interest in pottery, making "hundreds of thousands of pieces" of dinnerware as a hobby. He has compared the process of making pottery to Zen meditations, although he has since thrown out most of his work. In 1983, Carter began dating Dori Pierson, whom he had met through a cousin of hers who worked with him at Surfing Magazine; the couple were married in 1987, live in Santa Barbara. Pierson's connections at Walt Disney Studios led to chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg hiring Carter on a standard contract.
Carter began writing television films for the studio, penning The B. R. A. T. Patrol in 1986 and Meet the Munceys in 1988; these scripts led to Carter being associated with contemporary youth comedy at the studio, although he enjoyed the work he felt that his real strengths and interests lay in serious drama instead. Carter met the then-president of NBC, Brandon Tartikoff, at a company softball game in Brentwood, California. Tartikoff and Carter began talking between innings, when Tartikoff read some of Carter's script work, he brought him over to write for the network. There, Carter developed a number of unproduced television pilots—Cameo By Night, featuring Sela Ward. During this time Carter would work as a producer on Rags to Riches, a job he accepted in order to learn more about producing a series. Peter Roth, at that time the president of Stephen J. Cannell Productions, obtained a copy of Carter's pilot script for Cool Culture, although the series was never picked up, Roth was interested in hiring Carter to work on the CBS series Palace Guard.
However, Roth would soon leave CBS to work for Fox as the head of its television production wing. Carter was among the first wave of new staff hired by Roth in 1992 to develop material for the network, he began work on a series based on his own childhood fondness for The Twilight Zone and Kolchak: The Night Stalker. Carter's new series would take its stylistic inspiration from Kolchak, while thematically reflecting his experiences growing up during the Watergate scandal. Carter drew inspiration from his friend John E. Mack's survey of American beliefs in ufology, which indicated that three percent of the population believed they had been abducted by aliens. Roth warmed to the idea upon hearing of the influence of Kolchak, believing that vampires—one of the central antagonists of the original series—would be popular with audiences given the interest being shown in the upcoming film Interview with the Vampire, although Carter insisted on an extraterrestrial-focused series. However, Carter had never been interested in science fiction before this point, professing to have read one novel each by Ursula K.
Le Guin and Robert A. Heinlein. Basing his characters instead on those found in the English television series The Avengers, Carter took an eighteen-page treatment for his new project—by now titled The X-Files—to a pitch meeting at Fox, where it was soon rejected. With the help of Roth, Carter was able to arrange a second pitch meeting, at which the network reluctantly agreed to greenlight a pilot for the series. After finding the series' two starring leads in Gillian Anderson and David Duchovny, Carter was given a budget of $2 million to produce a pilot episode; the series aired on Friday nights on the Fox network, being broadcast in tandem with The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. in what was perceived to be an unpopular timeslot. The series earned impressive Nielsen ratings for its Friday timeslot, was given a full twenty-four episode order; the series' popularity and critical acclaim built over the course of its second an
Bob Lloyd Schieffer is an American television journalist. He is known for his moderation of presidential debates, where he has been praised for his capability. Schieffer is one of the few journalists to have covered all four of the major Washington national assignments: the White House, the Pentagon, United States Department of State, United States Congress, his career with CBS has exclusively dealt with national politics. He has interviewed every United States President since Richard Nixon, as well as most of those who sought the office. Schieffer has been with CBS News since 1969, serving as the anchor on the Saturday edition of CBS Evening News for 20 years, from 1976 to 1996, as well as the Chief Washington Correspondent from 1982 until 2015, moderator of the Sunday public affairs show, Face the Nation, from 1991 until May 31, 2015. From March 2005 to August 31, 2006, Schieffer was interim weekday anchor of CBS Evening News, was one of the primary substitutes for Katie Couric and Scott Pelley.
Following his retirement from Face the Nation, Schieffer has continued to work for CBS as a contributor, making many appearances on air giving political commentary covering the 2016 presidential election. Schieffer is releasing episodes of a new podcast, "Bob Schieffer's'About the News' with H. Andrew Schwartz". Schieffer has written three books about his career in journalism: Face the Nation: My Favorite Stories from the First 50 Years of the Award-Winning News Broadcast, This Just In: What I Couldn't Tell You on TV, Bob Schieffer's America, he co-authored a book about Ronald Reagan, The Acting President, with Gary Paul Gates, published in 1989. In his memoir, This Just In, Schieffer credits the fact he was a beat reporter at CBS for his longevity at the network. Schieffer has won every award in broadcast journalism, including eight Emmys, the overseas Press Club Award, the Paul White Award presented by the TV News Directors Association, the Edward R. Murrow Award given by Murrow's alma mater, Washington State University.
Shieffer was inducted into the Broadcasting & Cable Hall of Fame in 2002, inducted into the National Academy of Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame in 2013. He was named a living legend by the Library of Congress in 2008. Schieffer is serving as the Walter Shorenstein Media and Democracy Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School's Shorenstein Center. Schieffer was born on February 25, 1937, in Austin, Texas, to John Emmitt Schieffer and Gladys Payne Schieffer, grew up in Fort Worth, Texas, he is an alumnus of North Side High School, Texas Christian University, where he was a member of the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps and the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. The College of Communication at TCU was renamed in Bob Schieffer's honor in 2013. After graduating from TCU, Schieffer served in the U. S. Air Force as a public information officer stationed at Travis Air Force Base and McChord Air Force Base, he was honorably discharged and joined the Fort Worth Star-Telegram as a reporter, with one of his key assignments being a trip to Vietnam to profile soldiers from the Fort Worth area.
At the Star Telegram, he received his first major journalistic recognition on November 22, 1963. Schieffer married Patricia Penrose Schieffer in 1967, they have three granddaughters. Shortly after President Kennedy was shot in Dallas, while in the Star-Telegram office, he received a telephone call from a woman in search of a ride to Dallas; the woman was Marguerite Oswald, Lee Harvey Oswald's mother, whom he accompanied to the Dallas police station where he spent the next several hours. In the company of Oswald's mother and his wife, Marina, he was able to use the phone in the police station to call in dispatches from other Star-Telegram reporters in the building; this enabled the Star-Telegram to create four "Extra" editions on the day of the assassination. Schieffer joined the Star-Telegram's television station, WBAP-TV in Fort Worth before taking a job with CBS in 1969. Schieffer was anchor of the CBS Sunday Night News from 1973 to 1974, the CBS Sunday Evening News in 1976, of the Saturday Evening News broadcast for twenty years from 1976 until 1996.
He anchored the weekday CBS morning show at the time called "Morning", titled in accordance to the day of the week from 1979 to 1980. One of his best known roles was as moderator of the Sunday public affairs show, Face the Nation, from 1991 until May 31, 2015. Schieffer was known for his reporting duties. Between 1970 and 1974, he was assigned to the Pentagon. From 1974 to 1979, he was the White House correspondent for CBS, in 1982 he became Chief Washington Correspondent, in addition to his anchor duties. In the wake of Dan Rather's controversial retirement, he was named interim anchor for the weekday CBS Evening News, he assumed that job on the day following Rather's last broadcast. Under Schieffer, the CBS Evening News gained about 200,000 viewers, to average 7.7 million viewers, reversing some of the decline in ratings that occurred during Rather's tenure. Schieffer closed the gap with ABC's World News Tonight when co-anchor Bob Woodruff was injured in late January 2006. Schieffer made his last CBS Evening News broadcast on August 31, 2006, was replaced by Katie Couric.
On Couric's second broadcast, he returned to provide segments for the evening news as chief Washington correspondent. Schieffer was a substitute anchor for Couric and Scott Pelley when he became anchor of the evening news in June 2011. On October 13, 2004, Schieffer was the moderator of the third presidential debate between President George W. Bush and
Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore was an American actress, best known for her roles in the television sitcoms The Mary Tyler Moore Show, in which she starred as Mary Richards, a single woman working as a local news producer in Minneapolis, The Dick Van Dyke Show, in which she played Laura Petrie, a former dancer turned Westchester homemaker and mother. Her film work includes 1967's Thoroughly Modern Millie and 1980's Ordinary People, in which she played roles that were different from the television characters she had portrayed, her work in Ordinary People earned her a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Thanks to her roles on both The Mary Tyler Moore Show and The Dick Van Dyke Show, in which her characters broke from stereotypical images of women and pushed gender norms, Moore became a cultural icon and served as an inspiration for many younger actresses, professional women, she was active in charity work and various political causes the issues of animal rights and diabetes. She was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes early in the run of The Mary Tyler Moore Show.
She suffered from alcoholism, which she wrote about in her first of two memoirs. She died from cardiopulmonary arrest due to pneumonia at the age of 80 on January 25, 2017. Moore was born in Brooklyn, New York, to George Tyler Moore, a clerk, his wife Marjorie Hackett. Moore was the oldest of three children. Moore's family lived on Ocean Parkway in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, her paternal great-grandfather, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, owned the house, now the Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum in Winchester, Virginia. When she was eight years old, Moore's family moved to Los Angeles at the recommendation of Moore's uncle, an MCA employee, she was raised Catholic, attended St. Rose of Lima Parochial School in Brooklyn until the third grade, she attended Saint Ambrose School in Los Angeles, followed by Immaculate Heart High School in Los Feliz, California. Moore's sister, died at age 21 "from a combination of... painkillers and alcohol", while her brother died at age 47 from kidney cancer.
Moore decided at age 17. Her television career began with Moore's first job as "Happy Hotpoint", a tiny elf dancing on Hotpoint appliances in TV commercials during the 1950s series Ozzie and Harriet. After appearing in 39 Hotpoint commercials in five days, she received $6,000, she became pregnant while still working as "Happy" and Hotpoint ended her work when it was too difficult to conceal her pregnancy with the elf costume. Moore modeled anonymously on the covers of a number of record albums and auditioned for the role of the older daughter of Danny Thomas for his long-running TV show, but was turned down. Much Thomas explained that "she missed it by a nose... no daughter of mine could have a nose that small". Moore's first regular television role was as a mysterious and glamorous telephone receptionist on Richard Diamond, Private Detective. On the show, Moore's voice was heard, but only her legs appeared on camera, adding to the character's mystique. About this time, she guest-starred on John Cassavetes's NBC detective series Johnny Staccato.
She guest-starred in Bachelor Father in the episode titled "Bentley and the Big Board". In 1960, she was featured in two episodes of the William Bendix-Doug McClure NBC western series, Overland Trail and several months in the first episode of NBC's one-season The Tab Hunter Show, a sitcom starring the former teen idol as a bachelor cartoonist. In 1961, Moore appeared in several big parts in movies and on television, including Bourbon Street Beat, 77 Sunset Strip, Surfside 6, Wanted: Dead or Alive, Steve Canyon, Hawaiian Eye and Lock-Up. In 1961, Carl Reiner cast Moore in The Dick Van Dyke Show, a weekly series based on Reiner's own life and career as a writer for Sid Caesar's television variety show Your Show of Shows, telling the cast from the outset that it would run for no more than five years; the show was produced by Danny Thomas' company, Thomas himself recommended her. He remembered Moore as "the girl with three names". Moore's energetic comic performances as Van Dyke's character's wife, begun at age 24, made both the actress and her signature tight capri pants popular, she became internationally known.
When she won her first Emmy Award for her portrayal of Laura Petrie, she said, "I know this will never happen again." In 1970, after having appeared earlier in a pivotal one-hour musical special called Dick Van Dyke and the Other Woman and husband Grant Tinker pitched a sitcom centered on Moore to CBS. The Mary Tyler Moore Show is a half-hour newsroom sitcom featuring Ed Asner as her gruff boss Lou Grant. Moore's show proved so popular that three other regular characters, Valerie Harper as Rhoda Morgenstern, Cloris Leachman as Phyllis Lindstrom and Ed Asner as Lou Grant were spun off into their own series; the premise of the single working woman's life, alternating during the program between work and home, became a television staple. After six years of ratings in the top 20, the show slipped to number 39 during season seven. Producers decided to cancel the series because of falling ratings, afraid that the show's legacy might be damaged if it were renewed for another season. Despite the decline in ratings, the 1977 season would go on to win an Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, to add to the awards it had won in 1975 and 1976.
All in all, during its seven seasons, the program held the record for winning the most Emmys – 29. That record remained unbroken until 2002 when the NB