The Tenth Man (novel)
The Tenth Man is a short novel by the British novelist Graham Greene. In the introduction to the first edition of his novel, Greene states that he had forgotten about this story until receiving a letter about it from a stranger in 1983. Greene had first suggested it as an idea for a film script in 1937, set during the Spanish Civil War, developed it whilst working for MGM during the 1940s. Nothing came of it and the rights were offered for sale by MGM in 1983; the buyer allowed Greene to subsequently publish the work. Greene writes of this novel that "I prefer it in many ways to The Third Man"; the story begins in a prison in occupied France during the Second World War. It is decreed. One of the men chosen is a rich lawyer, he offers all his money to anyone. One man agrees. Upon his release from prison the lawyer must face the consequences of his actions; the story comprises four parts. In Part I, set in prison, the occupying German guards issue a decimation order to the thirty inmates. One of the three chosen by drawing lots is a rich lawyer named Chavel.
Chavel becomes hysterical and offers his entire wealth to any man willing to die in his place. A young man, known as Janvier, is executed. In Part II, the war is over and Chavel is alive and free, but destitute, he returns to the house he sold for his life and finds it occupied by Janvier’s mother and sister, Thérèse. Assuming the false name Charlot, he becomes their servant. Part III sees the arrival of an impostor, named Carosse, who claims to be Chavel. Carosse attempts to denounce Charlot, win the favour of Thérèse and stake a claim on the property. In Part IV, having fallen in love with Thérèse, must save her from Carosse, as a means of redemption from his earlier cowardice. Chavel - A Paris lawyer who in exchange for all his assets persuades Janvier to take his place in front of the firing squad and, when released penniless and homeless, goes back to his old house as a servant under the name of Charlot. Janvier – A fellow prisoner suffering from terminal tuberculosis who achieves his lifelong goal of dying rich.
Thérèse - Janvier's sister who inherits Chavel's house, with it a hatred of the man who by his wealth and cowardice caused her brother's death, but starts to fall for Charlot. Carosse - A collaborationist and murderer on the run who comes to the house pretending to be Chavel and tries to displace Charlot in the affections of Thérèse; the book was turned into a 1988 television movie starring Anthony Hopkins as Chavel and Kristin Scott Thomas as Therese in the Hallmark Hall of Fame series, as well as being adapted by Kate Brooke for the stage at the New End Theatre in 1994
The Man Within
The Man Within is the first novel by author Graham Greene. It tells the story of Francis Andrews, a reluctant smuggler, who betrays his colleagues, the aftermath of his betrayal, it is Greene's first published novel.. The title is taken from a sentence in Thomas Browne's Religio Medici:'There's another man within me that's angry with me.' Greene, in his preface to the Penguin paperback edition of the book, derides the book as hopelessly romantic. The central characters are Francis Andrews; the key themes in the novel are betrayal and a Freudian relationship between the protagonist Andrews and his deceased father. The story begins with Andrews fleeing his fellow smugglers after a battle with the customs officials that ended with one of the customs officials dead, he stumbles upon an isolated cottage, the home of Elizabeth. The man whom she lived with has died. Andrews helps protect Elizabeth from the neighbors who consider her to be a woman of loose moral character. After encountering Carlyon, the head of the smugglers, in the fog, Andrews returns to the cottage where Elizabeth persuades him that he should testify at the trial of the smugglers at the Assizes in Lewes.
Andrews travels to Lewes and gives his testimony in court despite being scorned by the other witnesses for the prosecution as a Judas figure. The trial ends with the smugglers being acquitted and their pledging to revenge themselves on Andrews by hurting Elizabeth. Andrews returns to Elizabeth's cottage, tells her of the danger, she sends him to the well to fetch water, while he is gone, he discovers that one of the smugglers has come to the cottage. He runs to get help, but when he returns, he discovers that Elizabeth has been killed by one of his fellow smugglers and Carlyon is sitting waiting for him. After realizing that the only way to betray his father is to hurt himself, Andrews tells Carlyon to leave and that he will take the blame for Elizabeth's death. In 1947, a film version, The Man Within, was made of the novel starring Ronald Shiner, Michael Redgrave as Carlyon and Richard Attenborough as Andrews; the Man Within on IMDb
The Third Man
The Third Man is a 1949 British film noir directed by Carol Reed, written by Graham Greene, starring Joseph Cotten, Alida Valli, Orson Welles, Trevor Howard. The film is set in post–World War II Vienna, it centres on Holly Martins, an American, given a job in Vienna by his friend Harry Lime, but when Holly arrives in Vienna he gets the news that Lime is dead. Martins meets with Lime's acquaintances in an attempt to investigate what he considers a suspicious death; the atmospheric use of black-and-white expressionist cinematography by Robert Krasker, with harsh lighting and distorted "Dutch angle" camera technique, is a major feature of The Third Man. Combined with the iconic theme music, seedy locations and acclaimed performances from the cast, the style evokes the atmosphere of an exhausted, cynical post-war Vienna at the start of the Cold War. Greene wrote the novella of the same name as preparation for the screenplay. Anton Karas performed the score, which featured only the zither; the title music "The Third Man Theme" topped the international music charts in 1950, bringing the unknown performer international fame.
“The Third Man” is considered one of the greatest films of all time, celebrated for its acting, musical score and atmospheric cinematography. In 1999, the British Film Institute voted The Third Man the greatest British film of all time. In 2017 a poll of 150 actors, writers and critics for Time Out magazine saw it ranked the second best British film ever. Opportunistic racketeering thrives in a damaged and impoverished Allied-occupied Vienna, divided into four sectors, each controlled by one of the occupying forces: American, British and Soviet; these powers share the duties of law enforcement in the city. American pulp Western writer Holly Martins comes to the city seeking his childhood friend, Harry Lime, who has offered him a job. Upon arrival, he discovers that Lime was killed while crossing the street just hours earlier by a speeding truck. Martins attends Lime's funeral, where he meets two British Army Police: Sergeant Paine, a fan of Martins' pulp novels. An official of the British occupying forces approaches Martins, requesting that he give a lecture and offering to pay for his lodging.
Viewing this as an opportunity to clear his friend's name, Martins decides to remain in Vienna. At a meeting with Lime's friend, "Baron" Kurtz, Kurtz tells Martins that after the accident he and Popescu carried the dying Lime to the side of the street. Lime asked Popescu to take care of Martins and Anna Schmidt, Lime's actress girlfriend. To learn more, Martins goes to see Anna at the theatre, they question the porter at Lime's apartment building: Lime died and was carried off the street by someone else in addition to Lime's two friends. Martins berates the porter for not being more forthcoming with the police. Concerned for his family's safety, the porter indignantly tells Martins not to involve him; the police, searching Anna's flat for evidence and confiscate her forged passport and detain her. Anna tells Martins that she is of Czechoslovak nationality and will be deported from Austria by the Soviet occupying forces if discovered. Martins visits Lime's "medical adviser", Dr Winkel, who says that he arrived at the accident after Lime was dead, only two men were present.
The porter secretly offers Martins more information but is murdered before their arranged meeting. When Martins arrives, unaware of the murder, a young boy recognizes him as having argued with the porter earlier and points this out to the gathering bystanders, who become hostile, mob-like. Escaping from them, Martins returns to the hotel, a cab whisks him away, he takes him to the book club. With no lecture prepared, he stumbles. Martins replies that it will be called "a murder story" inspired by facts. Popescu tells Martins. Martins flees. Calloway again advises Martins to leave Vienna, but Martins refuses and demands that Lime's death be investigated. Calloway reluctantly reveals that Lime had been stealing penicillin from military hospitals, selling it on the black market diluted so much that many patients died. In postwar Vienna, antibiotics were new and scarce outside military hospitals and commanded a high price. Calloway's evidence convinces Martins. Disillusioned, he agrees to leave Vienna.
Martins visits Anna to say good-bye and finds that she knows of Lime's misdeeds, but that her feelings toward him are unchanged. She tells him she is to be deported. Upon leaving her flat, he notices someone watching from a dark doorway. Martins summons Calloway; the British police exhume Lime's coffin and discover that the body is that of Joseph Harbin, an orderly who stole penicillin for Lime and was reported missing after turning informant. Martins demands to see Lime. Lime comes out to meet him and they ride Vienna's Ferris wheel, the Wiener Riesenrad. Lime indirectly threatens Martins's life but relents when told that the police know his death and funeral were faked. In a monologue on the ins
Our Man in Havana
Our Man In Havana is a novel set in Cuba by the British author Graham Greene. He makes fun of intelligence services the British MI6, their willingness to believe reports from their local informants; the book predates the Cuban Missile Crisis, but certain aspects of the plot, notably the role of missile installations, appear to anticipate the events of 1962. It was adapted into a film of the same name in 1959, directed by Carol Reed and starring Alec Guinness. In 1963 it was adapted into an opera by Malcolm Williamson, to a libretto by Sidney Gilliat, who had worked on the film. In 2007, it was adapted into a play by Clive Francis, which has since toured the UK several times and been performed in various parts of the world. Greene joined MI6 in August 1941. In London, Greene had been appointed to the subsection dealing with counter-espionage in the Iberian Peninsula, where he had learned about German agents in Portugal sending the Germans fictitious reports, which garnered them expenses and bonuses to add to their basic salary.
One of the agents was "Garbo", a Spanish double agent in Lisbon, who gave his German handlers disinformation, by pretending to control a ring of agents all over England. In fact, he invented armed forces movements and operations from maps and standard military references. Garbo was the main inspiration for Wormold, the protagonist of Our Man In Havana. Remembering the German agents in Portugal, Greene wrote the first version of the story in 1946, as an outline for a film script, with the story set in Estonia in 1938; the film was never made, Greene soon realised that Havana, which he had visited several times in the early 1950s, would be a much better setting, with the absurdities of the Cold War being more appropriate for a comedy. The novel, a black comedy, is set in Havana during the Fulgencio Batista regime. James Wormold, a vacuum cleaner retailer, is approached by Hawthorne, who tries to recruit him for the Secret Intelligence Service. Wormold's wife had left him and now, he lives with his 16-year-old beautiful, devoutly Catholic but materialistic and manipulative daughter Milly.
Since Wormold does not make enough money to pay for Milly's extravagances, he accepts the offer of a side job in espionage. Because he has no information to send to London, Wormold fabricates his reports using information found in newspapers and invents a fictitious network of agents; some of the names in his network are those of real people. Wormold tells only his friend and World War I veteran, Dr. Hasselbacher, about his spy work, hiding the truth from Milly. At one point, he decides to make his reports "exciting" by sending to London sketches of what he describes as a secret military installation in the mountains vacuum cleaner parts scaled to a large size. In London, nobody except Hawthorne, the only one to know that Wormold sells vacuum cleaners, doubts this report. However, Hawthorne keeps quiet for fear of losing his job. In the light of the new developments, London sends Wormold a secretary, Beatrice Severn, a radio assistant codenamed "C" with much spy paraphernalia. On arriving, Beatrice tells Wormold.
Her first request is to contact the pilot Raúl. Under pressure, Wormold develops an elaborate plan for his fictitious agent "Raúl". However, to his surprise, a real person with the same name is killed in an apparent car accident. From on, Wormold's manufactured universe overlaps with reality, with threats made to his "contacts". Together, who still believes the contacts to be real, Wormold try to save the real people who share names with his fictional agents. Meanwhile, London passes on the information that an unspecified enemy, implied to be a Soviet contact, intends to poison Wormold at a trade association luncheon, where he is the speaker, it would seem. London is pleased by this. Wormold sees Dr. Hasselbacher, who loudly warns him of the threat. Wormold continues to dinner where he manages to refuse the meal, offered and eats another one. Across the table sits a fellow vacuum cleaner salesman he had met earlier, who offers him whisky. Suspicious, Wormold knocks over the glass, drunk by the headwaiter's dachshund, which soon dies.
In retaliation for the failure, Carter kills Dr. Hasselbacher at the club bar. Captain Segura, a military strongman in love with Milly and intending to marry her, has a list of all of the spies in Havana, which Wormold would like to send to London to redeem his employment, he tells Segura. Once there, Wormold proposes they play a game of draughts using miniature bottles of Scotch and Bourbon as the game pieces, where each piece taken has to be drunk at once. Segura, a much better player, ends up drunk and falls asleep. Wormold photographs the list using a microdot camera. To avenge the murder of Dr. Hasselbacher, Wormold convinces Carter to accompany him on a drive and, at a local brothel and after some hesitation, shoots with Segura's pistol, he is about to leave. Carter shoots back. Wormold sends the agent list as a microdot photograph on a postage stamp to London, but it proves blank when processed. Wormold confesses everything to Beatrice. Captain Segura has Wormold deported. Wormold and Beatrice are summoned to headquarters, where Beatrice is posted to Jakarta and Wormold's situation is considered.
To avoid embarrassment and silence him from speaking to the press, MI6 offers Wormold a teaching post at headquarters and recommends h
Stamboul Train is the second significant novel by Graham Greene. Set on an "Orient Express" train that ran from Ostend, Belgium, to Istanbul, the book was renamed Orient Express when it was published in the United States. Greene in fact wrote three books before this one, but two were unsuccessful and he disowned them, The Name of Action and Rumour at Nightfall. Stamboul Train was Greene's first true success and it was taken on by the Book Society and in 1934 adapted as the film Orient Express; the novel is one of a number of works which the author classed as an "entertainment" so as to distinguish them from his more serious literary works. In the introduction to the 1974 edition Greene wrote: In Stamboul Train for the first and last time in my life I deliberately set out to write a book to please, one which with luck might be made into a film; the devil looks after his own and I succeeded in both aims. The novel focuses on the lives of individuals aboard the train as it makes a three-day journey from Ostend to Istanbul.
The novel opens on board the ferry, on which several of the novel's major characters have travelled from England. Mabel Warren and Janet Pardoe join the train in Cologne and Josef Grünlich joins in Vienna, Austria. Although these characters are traveling for different purposes, their lives are intertwined in the course of the journey. There are other scenes off the train, in Cologne, Subotica and Istanbul, as well as Myatt's high-speed journey by car through the Serbian countryside to and from the railway station at Subotica. A major part of the plot focuses on Carleton Myatt, a shrewd and practical businessman who trades in currants and has business interests in Turkey. Myatt is concerned that his firm's agent in Turkey, has been cheating him. A theme of the novel is the anti-Semitism Myatt faces from many people, on and off the train, as he travels through pre-World War II Europe; because he feels sorry for the sick dancer Coral Musker, travelling 2nd class, he buys her a 1st class ticket. Musker is grateful and she falls in love with him.
She spends a night with him in his compartment during which, to his surprise, he discovers that she is a virgin. After she disappears from the train he travels back to Subotica to rescue her, but fails, escapes, after rescuing the crook Grünlich, under gun fire. Dr. Czinner, an exiled communist leader, travelling on a forged British passport to Belgrade, after five years of exile, he has worked in England as a teacher in a boys' school. He plans on leading a communist revolution, but he finds that the uprising has taken place and failed. However, he decides to go back to Belgrade nonetheless to stand trial as a political gesture, but he has been recognised by Mabel Warren, a lesbian journalist, living in Cologne, travelling with her partner, Janet Pardoe. Warren believes. Czinner pretends to leave the train at Vienna to escape from Warren; when the train arrives at Vienna, while keeping an eye on Czinner, leaves the train to phone her office. It is at this time that her bag is stolen by Josef Grünlich, who has just killed a man during a failed robbery.
Grünlich promptly boards the train with Warren's money, while the angry Warren, left behind in Vienna and worried about losing Pardoe, vows to get Czinner's story through other means. At Subotica, on the Serbian border the train is stopped, Czinner is arrested. Arrested are Grünlich, for keeping a revolver, Musker, who by coincidence is with Czinner when the arrest takes place and was given a letter to deliver by him. A court martial is held, Czinner gives a political speech though there is no real audience present, he is sentenced to death. Grünlich receives a light sentence and deportation back to Vienna, where the police will be looking for him. Musker is to be deported to England; the three prisoners are kept in a waiting room for the night. They soon realise that Myatt has just come back in a car; the skilful Grünlich breaks open the door, all three prisoners escape and run towards the car, but only Grünlich is able to reach it. Czinner is shot, Musker hides him in a barn, where he dies. However, Mabel Warren arrives at Subotica railway station in pursuit of her news story.
She takes Coral Musker, whom she has long fancied as a new partner, back to Cologne, But when Musker is last seen, she has had a heart attack in the back of Warren's car, her ultimate fate is not revealed. The Orient Express arrives at Istanbul and the remaining passengers leave. Myatt soon realizes Janet Pardoe is the niece of Stein, a rival businessman and potential business partner; the story ends with Myatt considering marrying Pardoe and sealing the contract, signing by his agent in Istanbul, Eckman, to take over Stein's currant business. The central characters are as follows: Dr Richard Czinner a doctor, school teacher, revolutionary communist leader, he was born into a working-class family, but through the sacrifice of his parents became a physician, who served the poor of Belgrade. Josef Grünlich a thief, who boards the train in Vienna, after a bungled burglary ended in murder. Carleton Myatt a Jewish currant trader from London travelling on business to Istanbul. Mabel Warren a journalist and lesbian, who recognizes Dr Czinner, is following him to report on his activities for a popular London newspaper.
She is in love with her companion Janet Pardoe. Coral Musker a chorus girl, is traveling to a new job. Q. C. Savory a
Ways of Escape
Ways of Escape is ostensibly the second volume of autobiography by British novelist Graham Greene, first published in 1980, but it is not a conventional autobiography, concentrating more on the author's work than his life and blurring the line between the two. Ways of Escape is the autobiography of a writer rather than a man. Instead of recounting the details of his life he gives the histories of his novels. How they came to be written, what he had intended to convey in those novels and whether or not he believed he succeeded, he details the sources of his characters and the ways in which he sought to disguise those characters in order to protect the originals. There are plenty of anecdotes detailing various escapades around the world, though the way Greene describes them it is as though he were struggling to stave off terminal boredom rather than have a good time. Sometimes mildly heroic seedy, with these stories of his life he describes his lifelong ennui, his frequent bouts of depression and his endless search for meaning in a life he appears to view as meaningless.
The reader is left with the impression that the author lived a interesting and varied life but not a happy one
Brighton Rock (novel)
Brighton Rock is a novel by Graham Greene, published in 1938 and adapted for film in 1947 and 2010. The novel is a murder thriller set in 1930s Brighton; the title refers to a confectionery traditionally sold at seaside resorts, which in the novel is used as a metaphor for the personality of Pinkie, the same all the way through. There are links between this novel and Greene's earlier novel A Gun for Sale, because Raven's murder of the gang boss Kite, mentioned in A Gun For Sale, allows Pinkie to take over his gang and thus sets the events of Brighton Rock in motion. Charles "Fred" Hale comes to Brighton on assignment to distribute cards anonymously for a newspaper competition; the antihero of the novel, Pinkie Brown, is up-and-coming gangster. Hale had betrayed the former leader of the gang Pinkie now controls, by writing an article in the Daily Messenger about a slot machine racket for which the gang was responsible. Ida Arnold, a plump, kind-hearted and decent woman, is drawn into the action by a chance meeting with the terrified Hale after he has been threatened by Pinkie's gang.
After being chased through the streets and lanes of Brighton, Hale accidentally meets Ida again on the Palace Pier, but Pinkie murders Hale. Pinkie's subsequent attempts to cover his tracks and remove evidence of Hale's Brighton visit lead to a chain of fresh crimes and to Pinkie's ill-fated marriage to a waitress called Rose, who unknowingly has the power to destroy his alibi. Ida decides to pursue Pinkie relentlessly, because she believes it is the right thing to do, as well as to protect Rose from the disturbed boy she has married. Although ostensibly an underworld thriller, the book deals with Roman Catholic doctrine concerning the nature of sin and the basis of morality. Pinkie and Rose are Catholics, as was Greene, their beliefs are contrasted with Ida's strong but non-religious moral sensibility. Greene alludes to the French Catholic writer Charles Péguy in Brighton Rock, in relation to ideas about damnation and mercy, in The Lawless Roads he refers to "Péguy challenging God in the cause of the damned".
Pinkie: The antihero of the story, merciless to his victims obsessed with and repelled by sex and human connection. He is the leader of'the mob' despite being the youngest at 17. Dallow: Pinkie's second-in-command, the only member of the mob Pinkie feels he can confide in. Cubitt: Another mob member who lives at Frank's, a boarding house, with Pinkie and Dallow, he leaves the gang. Spicer: An ageing mob member resident at Frank's. From the beginning he expresses discomfort with the gang's increasing violence. Pinkie's mistrust of him leads to his murder by Pinkie, for fear Spicer might inform Ida Arnold or the police. Rose: A poor, naïve girl who becomes Pinkie's girlfriend and wife. She, like Pinkie, is Roman Catholic, she falls in love with him despite his advances to her being purely motivated to keep her from giving incriminating evidence against him. Pinkie is repelled by her but has the occasional feeling of tenderness towards her. Ida Arnold: Ida takes up the role of detective, hunting down Pinkie to bring justice to Hale, when she finds out that Pinkie is marrying Rose, to save the girl.
Ida represents the force of justice in the novel. She acquires information from Cubitt once he has been cast out of the gang, which aids her investigation. Eric Linden starred as Pinky in an original production at the Catholic University of America Theatre in Washington, D. C. written by Leo Brady. The show was directed by Kerr and Dr. Josephine McGarry Callan and ran from February 4 to February 10, 1942; the Library of Congress has a theatre program from the production. Richard Attenborough and Dulcie Gray starred in the original theatrical production, which ran for 100 performances at the Garrick Theatre in 1943.. Gray's performance as the luckless waitress Rose led to her being offered a contract with Gainsborough Pictures. However, she was passed over for the role of Rose in the 1947 film version of Brighton Rock, in favour of Carol Marsh. Greene and Terence Rattigan wrote the screenplay for a 1947 film adaptation and directed by John and Roy Boulting, with assistant director Gerald Mitchell.
The film starred Richard Attenborough as Pinkie, Carol Marsh as Rose, William Hartnell as Dallow, Hermione Baddeley as Ida. The climax of the film takes place at the Palace Pier. In the United States, the film was released under the title Young Scarface. Ken Whitmore adapted Greene's story for a 1997 BBC Radio dramatisation, directed by John Yorke and starring Steven Mackintosh, Maurice Denham and Kenneth Cranham. Film composer John Barry and lyricist Don Black wrote a musical version based on Greene's novel; the show opened in London's Almeida Theatre on 20 September and ran until 13 October 2004. However, owing to poor reviews, it failed to get a West End transfer. Rowan Joffé directed a film adaptation, released in 2010, starring Sam Riley as Pinkie, Andrea Riseborough as Rose and Helen Mirren as Ida Arnold. Location filming for the Pier scenes took place in Eastbourne in October 2009, with Eastbourne Pier standing for Brighton's Palace Pier. Filming of the scenes involving the Regency Café took place in Page Street, Westminster, on 6 December 2009.
In a chronological departure from Greene's novel, set in the 1930s, the film is set in the Mods and Rockers subculture of a divid