Ernest Dion Wilson, professionally known as No I. D. Immenslope, is an American hip hop and R&B music producer from Chicago, Illinois. Wilson is a disc jockey, music arranger and rapper, having released an album in 1997, titled Accept Your Own and Be Yourself, under Relativity Records, he is best known for his early work with Chicago-based rapper Common. He has since become a sought-out and high-profile producer, producing hit singles such as "Smile" by G-Unit, "Outta My System" and "Let Me Hold You" by Bow Wow, "Heartless" by Kanye West, "D. O. A." by Jay-Z and "My Last" by Big Sean and Chris Brown. Wilson, who has served as a musical mentor for several artists such as Kanye West and J. Cole, is considered "The Godfather of Chicago hip hop". Wilson was once president of West's G. O. O. D. Music record company, although he would resign from that position, he stayed contracted as an in-house producer. In June 2011, Wilson announced he formed the supergroup Cocaine 80s, alongside Common and several other artists.
In August 2011, Wilson became the Executive Vice President of A&R for Def Jam Recordings. He subsequently launched ARTium Recordings, he is the Executive Vice President at Capitol Music Group. In 1996, Wilson released an album under the pseudonym No I. D. titled Be Yourself. The moniker No I. D. is a half-palindrome of Dion. He released a beat tape, titled Invisible Beats. In Wilson's early career he was working as a co-producer for Jermaine Dupri. No I. D. went on to work on hit singles such as "My Boo" by Usher and Alicia Keys and "Let Me Hold You" by Bow Wow featuring Omarion, as well as "Resurrection" and the ode to hip hop "I Used to Love H. E. R.", which garnered Chicago-based rapper Common his early fame. Wilson introduced Chicago-based rapper Kanye West to hip hop production, inviting him to his sessions with Common, when West was only beginning, he introduced West to a long-time friend named Kyambo "Hip Hop" Joshua, A&R for Roc-A-Fella Records, who signed West to his imprint Hip Hop Since 1978, which launched West's career as an artist and into stardom.
West cites Wilson as his mentor on "Last Call," the outro to his acclaimed debut album The College Dropout. West referenced Wilson's mentorship on songs such as "Big Brother" and "Made in America." Wilson's second official release was with a two-album package titled The Sampler, vol. 1. In 2007, he was the focus of the most attention of his career for producing two songs from Jay-Z's album American Gangster. At the time he worked with artists such as Jay-Z, Plies, Big Sean, Killer Mike, Rick Ross and Kanye West, Young Jeezy, Rihanna on their then-upcoming albums. Wilson produced "D. O. A.", the first single for Jay-Z's eleventh studio album The Blueprint 3, as well as the second single "Run This Town", which features Kanye West and Rihanna. He once again teamed up with Common for the first time since 1997, when he handled the production for his ninth album The Dreamer/The Believer. In June 2011, Wilson formed Cocaine 80s, a musical ensemble composed of several musicians, including Common, James Fauntleroy II, Kevin Randolph, Makeba Riddick, Rob "The Mixer" Kinelski, Steve Wyreman, Free Bass, Keys of Coke and Sam Lewis, among several others.
After resigning as President of Kanye West G. O. O. D. Music record company, in August 2011, it was announced No I. D. was appointed Executive Vice President of A&R for Def Jam Recordings. In addition, Def Jam has signed an exclusive joint venture label deal for No I. D.'s Artium Recordings. The announcements were made by Barry Weiss, Chairman and CEO of Universal Republic and Island Def Jam Motown and Karen Kwak, EVP / Head of A&R, Island Def Jam Music Group. In 2012, Wislon was an executive producer on New York City-based rapper Nas' critically acclaimed eleventh album Life Is Good, producing five songs, including the twice Grammy Award-nominated single "Daughters", as well as "Loco-Motive" and "Accident Murderers". In April 2013, it was revealed. In 2013, Wilson served as the primary producer of G. O. O. D. Music recording artist Big Sean's second album Hall of Fame. In an August 2013 interview with Complex, Wilson said he was working on Jhene Aiko and Logic's upcoming respective debut albums. Since the inception of Artium, Wilson has signed Common, Los Angeles-based singer Jhené Aiko and singer Elijah Blake.
On June 30, 2017, Wilson was credited as the primary producer on 4:44 - a new album released via Tidal by Jay-Z. The album has been met with widespread acclaim from music reviews and is notable for the personal account of Jay-Z's alleged infidelity on the title track. 4:44 was the latest installment in an extensive professional relationship between the two, as No I. D. has produced more tracks for Jay-Z than anyone else other than Timbaland. ARTium Recordings is an American record label imprint, founded by No I. D.. In August 2011, it was announced No I. D. was appointed Executive Vice President of A&R for Def Jam Recordings. In addition, Def Jam has signed an exclusive joint venture label deal for No I. D.'s ARTium Recordings. The announcements were made by Barry Weiss, Chairman and CEO of Universal Republic and Island Def Jam Motown and Karen Kwak, EVP / Head of A&R, Island Def Jam Music Group. No I. D. would report directly to Ms. Kwak. In 2012, No I. D. signed American neo-soul singer Jhené Aiko.
By September 2013, No I. D. had signed up-and-coming American R&B singers Elijah Bla
Murder Inc Records
Murder Inc. is an American record label founded by Irv Gotti in 1992. After helping Def Jam with the success of DMX and Ja Rule, Russell Simmons gave Irv Gotti his own label under Def Jam. While watching Biography on A&E during gangster week, a Murder, Inc. logo appeared on the screen which gave Irv Gotti an idea what to call his label. He got the inspiration because Murder, Inc. put out hit murders and Irv wanted to put out hit records. In 1999, Murder Inc. released Venni Vetti Vecci by Ja Rule. The album featured the hit single "Holla Holla" and soon went Platinum in the U. S. which made Ja Rule and Murder Inc. among the most popular artists and labels in the industry, respectively. In 2000, the label began to associate itself with Lil' Mo, who would record two popular duets with Ja Rule, "Put It on Me" and "I Cry"; that same year, Irv Gotti released the first Murder Inc. compilation, Irv Gotti Presents: The Murderers. Murder Inc. would sign Charli Ashanti during that year. In 2001, the label's friendship with Lil' Mo would grow sour as her tracks that were set to be released on Ja's third studio album were cut and/or replaced with other female artists.
This would cause a minor feud with Lil' Mo. The label reached its peak of success from mid-2001 to early 2003. Ja Rule's release of his multi-Platinum-RIAA selling album Pain Is Love was soon followed by Ashanti's multi-Platinum-RIAA selling debut, which broke Guinness World Records and spawned three hit singles on the Billboard charts. During that year's award shows, Ashanti and Ja Rule both performed numerous times and won big, along with fellow Inc. artists like Charli Baltimore. Charli Baltimore scored two hit singles that year with both Ja Rule. During this time, Murder Inc. started associating with Nas as he started hinting to signing with the record label and collaborated with the Inc.'s top two recording artists on several records. Murder Inc. would sign Bobby Brown to the label. Ja Rule's next album went Platinum in the U. S, it is speculated that much of the money involved in starting up the Murder Inc. label came from Irv Gotti and his associates' involvement in crime with ties to former drug kingpin Kenneth "Supreme" McGriff.
On January 3, 2003, Murder Inc.'s office was raided by federal agents trying to find evidence that Murder Inc. was funneling and laundering drug money for McGriff. On November 14, 2003, Irv Gotti held a press conference about the recent changes at Murder Inc. the feuds, the scandal, the investigation from the IRS, Ja Rule's troubles. In 2004, Lloyd was released his debut album Southside. Ja Rule would see his music return to form, with his Gold RIAA-selling album R. U. L. E.. Ashanti would release her successful album, Concrete Rose. At the end of 2004, they were ordered to leave Def Jam offices; when the trials began in early 2005, Def Jam made them honor their contracts and release compilation albums. Murder Inc. spent part of 2006 searching for distribution. Lorenzo first went to Lyor Cohen at Warner Bros. Cohen offered a deal that would make Gotti the head of not only Murder Inc. but Atlantic. In the deal it involved them buying Murder Inc. and Gotti getting paid the same as he did at Def Jam.
Murder Inc. ended talks with Warner as Gotti felt they would not get paid enough money. Gotti held short talks with Capitoln and Interscope. Although it seemed as if they were going to sign with Atlantic, Universal offered Gotti a 7-year deal and 50% ownership of his materials and the label along with the job as A&R, a higher-paying role. A portion of the deal was financed by National Talent Agency out of Southern California; the Inc. soon began releasing music. After settling in at Universal, Lorenzo would sign Vanessa Carlton, been recruited by Robert Krout and Christopher Dixon of National Talent shortly before the company's financial contribution. On August 1, 2007, Ja Rule would return to radio and television on Sucker Free on MTV, where he debuted his single "Uh-Ohhh!!" with Lil Wayne and his return to recording music. Irv Gotti and Eastwood created Murder Inc. West with Eastwood serving as its president and Gotti on A&R. Techniec signed to the label and was appointed Vice President. Techniec's group Dynamic Certified signed to the label.
Irv Gotti gave Ja Rule his own label, MPire. In May 2009, Irv Gotti announced to MTV that he was releasing Ashanti from her contract with Murder Inc. A month Lloyd—who had been with Murder Inc. for 5 years—asked to be released from his contract. Lloyd cited the need for more control and change as reasons for his departure from the shrinking label. "I'm ready for a change. There's no bad blood. I just feel I need to get a fresh start. Irv can understand my position," Lloyd explained in a press release. "We find ourselves in limbo for the second time in three years," Henry Lee, Lloyd's manager said in a statement. "It's frustrating to know that opportunities to advance Lloyd's career are out there but we can't exploit them due to our current situation. Though Lloyd is appreciative of the opportunity, afforded him by Murder Inc. he feels it's time for him to move on and seek opportunities that will allow him to build and enhance his brand." That same year, Ja Rule announced that he was no longer signed to Murder Inc. as well, the same label he had been with since its beginnings in 1997.
Ja Rule decided to go independent on his own label, which is
Total Experience Records
Total Experience Records was a record label founded by Lonnie Simmons. Its two major acts were Yarbrough & Peoples, it began in 1977 as a production company whose artists recorded for Mercury Records before becoming a label in 1981. From its inception in 1981 to late 1983, Total Experience was a subsidiary label of Mercury's parent company, PolyGram. In 1984, the label changed its distribution from PolyGram to RCA Records. In the 1970s, Lonnie Simmons operated a club on Crenshaw Boulvevard in South Central Los Angeles called The Total Experience, similar to the West-Hollywood Roxy Theatre, he invested in a recording studio by purchasing the property occupied by Sound Recorders Studios on the corner of Yucca St. and Argyle Ave. in Hollywood. Simmons launched his production company, met the Gap Band through a friend, singer D. J. Rogers, he had the idea to reduce the official lineup of the group from twelve members to its sibling trio of Ronnie and Robert Wilson. After signing the Gap Band to Total Experience Productions, securing them a label deal with Mercury Records in late 1978, Simmons himself produced the Gap Band's albums during their tenure, co-wrote their breakthrough song, "Oops Upside Your Head".
While in Texas in 1977, Gap Band leader Charlie Wilson discovered Alisa Peoples & Calvin Yarbrough, who were performing as part of the band, Grand Theft. Charlie convinced Lonnie to give the couple a chance, which paid off in 1980, when they released the song "Don't Stop the Music", which topped the R&B charts; this was following the Gap Band #1 R&B song "Burn Rubber on Me". Both of those albums went gold, two of the Gap Band's albums went platinum; the first three Simmons-produced Gap Band albums, as well as Yarbrough and Peoples debut album The Two of Us were released by Mercury. These recordings were solid enough to give Simmons credibility to establish his production company as a full label, he launched Total Experience Records in 1981. Gap Band IV, released in early 1982, was the first Total Experience album release; the success of Gap Band IV, Robert "Goodie" Whitfield's debut album Call Me Goodie, 1983's Gap Band V: Jammin' and Yarbrough and Peoples' Heartbeats resulted in a lucrative distribution deal with RCA Records in early 1984.
At the tail-end of 1984, A Total Experience Christmas was released, featuring songs by five of the label's acts, as well as two of the label's writers. Though the Gap Band and Yarbrough & Peoples still had high charting records through the mid-80s, the successes were ephemeral and they resulted in far fewer sales. Lonnie signed a plethora of new acts in two established acts: Switch and Billy Paul. None of these acts managed to have any success with Total Experience; the Gap Band released 4 albums: Gap Band VI, Gap Band VII, Gap Band 8, Straight from the Heart before moving on to Capitol Records in 1989. Yarbrough and Peoples left the label in 1986, moved back to Texas, where they married in 1987. In 1987 Total Experience lost their distribution deal with RCA and carried on as an independent label, faltering soon after; the label's post 1984 holdings now belong to Minder Music, while its PolyGram distributed holdings belong to The Island Def Jam Music Group. Bernie Hamilton & the Inculcation Band s Billy & Baby Gap s Billy Paul s Eddie "E.
T." Towns s The Gap Band m Robert "Goodie" Whitfield m Pattie Howard s Pennye Ford s Prime Time m Prophet s Sparkle s Switch s Will King s Yarbrough and Peoples mAn m indicates the group released multiple full-length albums on Total Experience. An s indicates the performer either only released one full-length album on Total Experience, or released multiple singles and no album at all. Jonah Ellis p Lonnie Simmons Oliver Scott p Suha Gur Charlie Wilson p Jonah Ellis p Lonnie Simmons Malvin Vice Oliver Scott p Raymond Calhoun Robert Wilson p Ronnie Wilson p Rudolph TaylorA p indicates a writer/producer who performed at least one song on the label. Charlie Wilson The Gap Band Yarbrough & Peoples
Justin Drew Bieber is a Canadian singer-songwriter. After talent manager Scooter Braun discovered his YouTube videos covering songs, he was signed to RBMG in 2008. Bieber released his debut EP, My World, in late 2009, it was certified platinum in the US. Bieber released his first studio album, My World 2.0, in 2010. It debuted at number one in several countries, was certified triple platinum in the US, contained his single "Baby", which debuted at number five on the Billboard Hot 100 and sold 12 million units. Following his debut album and promotional tours, he released his 3D biopic-concert film Justin Bieber: Never Say Never and his second studio album, Under the Mistletoe, which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, his third studio album, Believe generated the single "Boyfriend", which reached number one in Canada. His fourth studio album Purpose was released in 2015, spawning three number one singles: "What Do You Mean?", "Sorry", "Love Yourself". Afterwards, Bieber was featured on several successful collaborations, including "Cold Water", "Let Me Love You", "Despacito", "I'm the One".
His US album and singles sales total 44.7 million. He has sold an estimated 150 million records, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists, became the second person to reach 100 million followers on Twitter in August 2017 after Katy Perry. Bieber has won numerous awards throughout his career, including an American Music Award for Artist of the Year in 2010 and 2012, a Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording for the song "Where Are Ü Now", a Latin Grammy Award, he has been listed three times by Forbes magazine among the top ten most powerful celebrities in the world, in 2011, 2012, 2013. In 2016, Bieber became the first artist to surpass 10 billion total video views on Vevo. Bieber was born on March 1, 1994, in London, Ontario, at St Joseph's Hospital, was raised in Stratford, Ontario, he is the only child of Jeremy Jack Patricia "Pattie" Mallette, who were never married. Mallette was was underage when she gave birth, her mother Diane and stepfather Bruce helped her raise her son.
His mother is of French-Canadian descent. He has claimed that he has some undetermined Aboriginal Canadian ancestry. Through Jeremy, Bieber has three younger half-siblings. Jeremy and his ex-girlfriend Erin Wagner, who broke up in 2014 after seven years together, have two children, daughter Jazmyn and son Jaxon. Jeremy married his girlfriend Chelsey in February 2018, they have a daughter named Bay. Bieber has a stepsister named Allie, the daughter of his stepmother. Pattie worked a series of low-paying office jobs, raising Bieber as a single mother in low-income housing. Bieber has maintained contact with his father. Bieber attended a French-language immersion elementary school in Stratford, the Jeanne Sauvé Catholic School. Growing up, he learned to play the piano, drums and trumpet, he graduated from high school in Stratford, the St. Michael Catholic Secondary School in 2012 with a 4.0 GPA. In early 2007, aged 12, Bieber sang Ne-Yo's "So Sick" for a local singing competition in Stratford and was placed second.
Mallette posted a video of the performance on YouTube for their family and friends to see. She continued to upload videos of Bieber singing covers of various R&B songs, Bieber's popularity on the site grew. In the same year, Bieber busked shows in front of Avon Theatre steps during tourism season; when searching for videos of a different singer, Scooter Braun, a former marketing executive of So So Def Recordings, clicked on one of Bieber's 2007 videos by accident. Impressed, Braun tracked down the theatre that Bieber was performing in, located Bieber's school, contacted Mallette, reluctant because of Braun's Judaism, she remembered praying, "God, I gave him to you. You could send me a Christian man, a Christian label!", and, "God, you don't want this Jewish kid to be Justin's man, do you?" However, church elders convinced her to let Bieber go with Braun. At 13, Bieber went to Atlanta, with Braun to record demo tapes. Bieber began singing for Usher one week later. Bieber was soon signed to a joint venture between Braun and Usher.
Justin Timberlake was reportedly in the running to sign Bieber but lost the bidding war to Usher. Usher sought assistance in finding a label home for the artist from manager Chris Hicks, who helped engineer an audition with his contact L. A. Reid of The Island Def Jam Music Group. Reid signed Bieber to Island Records in October 2008 and appointed Hicks as executive Vice-President of Def Jam, where he could manage Bieber's career at the label. Bieber moved to Atlanta with his mother to pursue further work with Braun and Usher. Braun became Bieber's manager in 2008. Bieber's first single, "One Time", was released to radio while Bieber was still recording his debut album; the song reached number 12 on the Canadian Hot 100 during its first week of release in July 2009 and peaked at number 17 on the Billboard Hot 100. During fall 2009, it had success in international markets; the song was certified the US and gold in Australia and New Zealand. His first release, an extended play entitled My World, was released on November 17, 2009.
The album's second single, "One Less Lonely Girl", two promo singles, "Love Me" and "Favorite Girl", were released on the iTunes Store and charted within the top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100."One Less Lonely Girl" was also released
Capricorn Records was an independent record label, founded by Phil Walden, Alan Walden and Frank Fenter in 1969 in Macon, Georgia. Capricorn was the label for many Southern rock and soul bands in the 1970s including the Allman Brothers Band, the Marshall Tucker Band, Delbert McClinton, the Outlaws, the Dixie Dregs, the James Montgomery Band, Elvin Bishop, Wet Willie, Jonathan Edwards, Captain Beyond, White Witch, Cowboy, Kitty Wells, Dobie Gray, Alex Taylor, Travis Wammack, Sea Level and Stillwater. Gregg Atwill was a concert sound engineer with Capricorn through the 1970s; the label was distributed by WEA and by PolyGram Records. Capricorn went bankrupt in October 1979; the label was relaunched out of Nashville, Tennessee, as a joint venture with Warner Bros. in the early-1990s. Distribution jumped to Sony Music's independent RED Distribution network back to PolyGram, by way of its flagship label, Mercury Records; the first act to sign onto the resurrected label was Georgia's Widespread Panic.
After signing with the new version of the label the band celebrated by buying rounds of drinks and beers for attendees at a Macon Pirates game at Luther Williams Field. Cake and 311 were the most popular artists to come out of Capricorn during this period. Other artists ranged from Rabbitt to Big Sister, the Dixie Dregs, to the jazz/rock fusion of Col. Bruce Hampton and the Aquarium Rescue Unit. Capricorn released a series of box sets of vintage material in the blues and rhythm and blues genres, presenting the stories of such labels as Jewel/Paula Records and Cobra Records. After moving back to Atlanta, the second incarnation of Capricorn folded. Phil Walden sold the label's assets to Zomba subsidiary Volcano Entertainment in December 2000. By 2002, new releases on Capricorn ceased to appear, as remaining artists were dropped, transferred to Volcano, or moved to other labels. Co-founder and partner Frank Fenter died on July 21, 1983, at the age of 47 and Phil Walden died on April 23, 2006, at the age of 66.
Albums released on Capricorn Records List of record labels Phil Walden label history Capricorn Records Sampler Playlist Gregg Atwill Alabama Music Office
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
Tuff Gong is the brand name associated with a number of businesses started by Bob Marley and the Marley family.'Tuff Gong' comes from Marley's nickname, in turn an echo of that given to founder of the Rastafari movement, Leonard "The Gong" Howell. Tuff Gong is a record label formed by the reggae group The Wailers in 1970. Before 1981, the label used the facilities of Federal Records recording company in Marcus Garvey Drive; the first single on the label was "Run For Cover" by The Wailers. After 1973, the Tuff Gong headquarters was located at 56 Hope Road, Jamaica — Bob Marley's home; the location is now home to the Bob Marley Museum. The Tuff Gong label is distributed by Universal Music through Island Records. Tuff Gong is the official Caribbean distributor of Warner Music Group, Universal Music Group, Disney Music Group. In Rockstar North's Grand Theft Auto IV, Tuff Gong is featured as one of the many radio stations; the station is dedicated to playing songs associated with Bob Marley, including tracks by his sons Stephen and Damian, known as Jr. Gong.
Tuff Gong is a full-service recording studio located in Jamaica. In 1981, Bob Marley's wife, Rita Marley, purchased Ken Khouri's Federal Records recording studio, the island’s first pressing plant, the company subsequently moved from 56 Hope Road to 220 Marcus Garvey Drive, where it continues to operate. Tuff Gong includes a recording studio, mastering room, stamper room, pressing plant, cassette plant, wholesale record shop, booking agency, as well as offices for Rita Marley Music and Ghetto Youths International. Tuff Gong International studio is one of the largest Caribbean studios and features the second-largest live recording space on the islands. Artists, musicians and tourists travel from around the world to visit the facility that birthed songs such as "No Woman, No Cry", "Trenchtown Rock", "Stir It Up", "Catch a Fire", "Redemption Song", "Buffalo Soldier" and "Could You Be Loved". A longtime resource for Jamaican musicians, Tuff Gong has been the location of recordings from Rita Marley, Capleton and Robbie, Bounty Killa, Lady Saw, Vybz Kartel, Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers, I-Wayne, Beenie Man, Jimmy Cliff, many others.
International music stars, such as Snoop Dogg, Sinead O'Connor, Kenny Chesney, Lauryn Hill, Self Defense Family, Tiken Jah Fakoly have chosen the studio for both its recording resources and its history. A renewed international interest in Jamaican music has led to studio being used by a younger generation of artists, including Major Lazer. List of record labels Tuff Gong Homepage Tuff Gong Worldwide