Professional wrestling is a form of performance art and entertainment that combines athletics with theatrical performance. It takes the form of events, held by touring companies; the unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws and acrobatic maneuvers. Much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees; the matches have predetermined outcomes to heighten entertainment value and all combative maneuvers are executed with the full cooperation of those involved and performed in specific manners intended to lessen the chance of actual injury. These facts were once kept secret but are now a accepted open secret. To promote and sustain the willing suspension of disbelief by maintaining an aura of verisimilitude, the performing company avoids discussing the true nature of the performance in official media.
Fan communications by individual wrestlers and promotions through outside media directly acknowledge the dramatic and "fixed" nature of the spectacle. Originating as a popular form of entertainment in 19th-century Europe and as a sideshow exhibition in North American traveling carnivals and vaudeville halls, professional wrestling grew into a standalone genre of entertainment with many diverse variations in cultures around the globe, is now a billion dollar entertainment industry. Since the 1980s, local forms have declined in Europe, wrestling from North America has experienced several different periods of prominent cultural popularity during its century and a half of existence and has been exported back to Europe to fill the cultural gap left by the aforementioned decline of local versions; the advent of television gave professional wrestling a new outlet, wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Show wrestling has become prominent in Central/North America and Europe.
In Brazil, there was a popular wrestling television program from the 1960s to the early 1980s called Telecatch. High-profile figures in the sport have become celebrities or cultural icons in their native or adopted home countries. Although professional wrestling started out as small acts in sideshows, traveling circuses and carnivals, today it is a billion-dollar industry. Revenue is drawn from ticket sales, network television broadcasts, pay-per-view broadcasts, branded merchandise and home video. Pro wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Annual shows such as WrestleMania, Bound for Glory, Wrestle Kingdom and Starrcade are among the highest-selling pay-per-view programming each year. In modern day, internet programming has been utilized by a number of companies to air web shows, internet pay per views or on-demand content, helping to generate internet-related revenue earnings from the evolving World Wide Web. Home video sales dominate the Billboard charts Recreational Sports DVD sales, with wrestling holding anywhere from 3 to 9 of the top 10 spots every week.
Due to its persistent cultural presence and to its novelty within the performing arts, wrestling constitutes a recurring topic in both academia and the media. Several documentaries have been produced looking at professional wrestling, most notably, Beyond the Mat directed by Barry W. Blaustein, Wrestling with Shadows featuring wrestler Bret Hart and directed by Paul Jay. There have been many fictional depictions of wrestling; the largest professional wrestling company worldwide is the United States-based WWE, which bought out many smaller regional companies in the late 20th century, as well as its primary US competitors World Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling in early 2001. Other prominent professional wrestling companies worldwide include the US-based Impact Wrestling known as Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, Ring of Honor; when talking about professional wrestling, there are two levels: the "in-show" happenings that are presented through the shows, happenings which are outside the scope of performance but have implications on the performance, such as performer contracts, legitimate injuries, etc.
Because actual events are co-opted by writers for incorporation into storylines for the performers, the lines are blurred and become confused. Special care must be taken; the actions of the character should be considered fictional events, wholly separate from the life of the performer. This is similar to other entertainers; some wrestlers would incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters if they and their in-ring persona have different names. Historians are unsure at what point wrestling changed from competitive catch wrestling into worked entertainment; those who participated felt that maintenance of a constant and complete illusion for all who were not involved was necessary to keep audience interest. For decades, wrestlers lived their public lives; the pra
The Hart Foundation
The Hart Foundation is the name of several derivative tag teams and stables composed of members and close friends of the Hart wrestling family. The name originated in the World Wrestling Federation in 1985 with the original Hart Foundation consisted of brothers-in-law Bret Hart and Jim Neidhart. Managed by Jimmy Hart, they won the WWF Tag Team Championship twice. WWE has ranked the original Hart Foundation as one of the greatest tag teams in wrestling history; the tag-team known as The New Foundation was a short-lived team formed in 1991 soon after the original disbanded. This team consisted of Owen Hart, Bret's younger brother; the two teamed again in 1994, the New Foundation name would be used by Neidhart together with The Blue Meanie. The Hart Foundation was reformed as a stable in 1997, composed of Bret, their brothers-in-law Neidhart and Davey Boy Smith as well as family friend Brian Pillman. Formed as a pro-Canadian, anti-American group, they would go on to hold all available WWF championships.
After Pillman died in 1997, the other four continued on with the stable for another month before it disbanded. Owen and Bret's oldest nephew Teddy Hart has used the Hart Foundation name several times together with close friend Jack Evans since the early 2000s, they have held a championship together under the name. In 2007, several of the third generation of Harts formed a new stable, including Teddy, David Hart Smith and Natalya's boyfriend Tyson Kidd; this collective worked together as the Next Generation Hart Foundation in WWE's development territory Florida Championship Wrestling, where they won the FCW Florida Tag Team Championship. Smith and Kidd, managed by Natalya debuted in WWE as The Hart Dynasty where they won the Unified WWE Tag Team Championship; the original Hart Foundation began in 1985, when Jim "The Anvil" Neidhart managed by Jimmy Hart, joined his brother-in-law Bret "Hitman" Hart to form a villainous tag team. According to Bret, the tag team originated after he turned down the "Cowboy" Bret Hart gimmick he was given, claiming that he did not take a liking to it.
He suggested to WWF management that he would much prefer to be teamed up with Neidhart. Management first laughed at the idea, but months just as Hart was about to quit, he was given what he wanted: he was allowed to become a villain and was partnered up with Neidhart and Jimmy Hart to form the Hart Foundation; the name "Hart Foundation" was used to refer to the stable of wrestlers managed by Jimmy Hart, in early matches the Neidhart/Hart team would be introduced as "members of the Hart Foundation". With the success of the new tag team, however, "The Hart Foundation" came to be associated with the Neidhart/Hart team and their manager, who all had'Hart' in their family names; the Hart Foundation made its pay-per-view debut at WrestleMania 2 in 1986 as participants of a 20-man battle royal which included NFL stars. The duo were the final two men; the Harts gained their status as a mid-card team. At Saturday Night's Main Event, the Foundation faced the Bees in a tag team match, which the Bees won.
The Hart Foundation continued to feud with the Killer Bees for the better part of 1986. The Hart Foundation began a feud with Tag Team Champions The British Bulldogs in early 1987 over the title. On the February 7 edition of Superstars, in Tampa, the Harts defeated Bulldogs for their first WWF Tag Team Championship when the referee of the match, "Dangerous" Danny Davis helped the Harts to win the match, after Davis became a member of the Hart Foundation. On the March 14 edition of Saturday Night's Main Event, the Harts made their first title defense against Tito Santana and "Golden Boy" Danny Spivey, retaining the title after Danny Davis hit Santana with Jimmy Hart's megaphone. Santana began to feud with Davis as a result of this action and, at this point, it was suggested that Davis, as referee, had been to blame for Santana's loss of the WWF Intercontinental title to Randy Savage with the help of a foreign object a year earlier. At this point, Santana joined the British Bulldogs in their feud with the Hart Foundation.
The rivalry culminated in a six-man tag team match at WrestleMania III where the Foundation teamed with Davis against the British Bulldogs and Santana. Davis hit Davey Boy Smith with Jimmy Hart's megaphone and pinned him to get the victory for the Hart Foundation. On the May 2 edition of Saturday Night's Main Event, the Foundation defended their tag title against the British Bulldogs in a Two out of three falls match. In the first fall, they got disqualified because of illegal double-teaming and in the second fall Smith pinned Neidhart. However, the Hart Foundation retained the title due to the disqualification result. On the October 27 edition of Superstars, the Hart Foundation dropped their title to Strike Force after Neidhart submitted to a Boston crab applied by Martel, ending their 10-month reign. Soon after, the Hart Foundation began making claims that Neidhart had never submitted and that they were robbed on national television; the two teams faced each other at Survivor Series in a 10-team Survivor Series elimination match.
Strike Force captained a team of fan favorites while the Hart Foundation captained a team of villains. Strike For
World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company, known for professional wrestling. WWE has branched out into other fields, including movies, real estate, various other business ventures; the WWE name refers to the professional wrestling promotion itself, founded by Jess McMahon and Toots Mondt in 1952 as the Capitol Wrestling Corporation. As of 2019, it is the largest wrestling promotion in the world, holding over 500 events a year, with the roster divided up into various globally traveling brands, is available to about 36 million viewers in more than 150 countries; the company's global headquarters is located in Stamford, with offices in major cities across the world. As in other professional wrestling promotions, WWE shows are not legitimate contests, but purely entertainment-based, featuring storyline-driven and choreographed matches, though matches include moves that can put performers at risk of injury if not performed correctly.
This was first publicly acknowledged by WWE's owner Vince McMahon in 1989 to avoid taxes from athletic commissions. Since the 1980s, WWE publicly has branded their product as sports entertainment, acknowledging the product's roots in competitive sport and dramatic theater; the company's majority owner is its chairman and CEO, Vince McMahon, who retains a 42% ownership of the company's outstanding stock and 83% of the voting power. The current entity, incorporated on February 21, 1980, was known as Titan Sports, Inc., founded that same year in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. It acquired Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. the holding company for the World Wrestling Federation, in 1982. Titan was renamed World Wrestling Federation, Inc. in 1998 World Wrestling Federation Entertainment, Inc. in 1999, the current World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. in 2002. Since 2011, the company has branded itself as WWE though the company's legal name was not changed. WWE's origins can be traced back as far as 1952 when Roderick James "Jess" McMahon and Toots Mondt created the Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. which joined the National Wrestling Alliance in 1953.
McMahon, a successful boxing promoter, began working with Tex Rickard in 1926. With the help of Rickard, he began promoting boxing and wrestling at the third Madison Square Garden, it was not the first time McMahon had promoted wrestling cards, as he had done so during the 1910s. In November 1954, McMahon died and Ray Fabiani, one of Mondt's associates, brought in McMahon's son Vincent James; the younger McMahon and Mondt were successful and soon controlled 70% of the NWA's booking due to their dominance in the populated Northeastern United States. In 1963, McMahon and Mondt had a dispute with the NWA over "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers being booked to hold the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. Both men left the company in protest and formed the WWWF in the process, awarding Rogers the newly created WWWF World Heavyweight Championship in April of that year, he lost the championship to Bruno Sammartino a month on May 17, 1963, after suffering a heart attack a week before the match. Capitol operated the WWWF in a conservative manner compared to other pro wrestling territories: it ran its major arenas monthly rather than weekly or bi-weekly featuring a babyface champion wrestling various heels in programs that consisted of one to three matches.
After gaining a television program deal and hiring Lou Albano as a manager for Sammartino's heel opponents, the WWWF was doing sellout business by 1970. Mondt left Capitol in the late 1960s and although the WWWF had withdrawn from the NWA, Vince McMahon, Sr. re-joined in 1971. Capitol renamed the World Wide Wrestling Federation to the World Wrestling Federation in 1979. Vincent J. McMahon's son, Vincent K. McMahon, his wife Linda, established Titan Sports, Inc. in 1980 in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. The company was incorporated on February 1980, in the Cape Cod Coliseum offices; the younger McMahon bought Capitol from his father in 1982 seizing control of the company. Seeking to make the WWF the premier wrestling promotion in the country, the world, he began an expansion process that fundamentally changed the wrestling business. At the annual meeting of the NWA in 1983, the McMahons and former Capitol employee Jim Barnett all withdrew from the organization. McMahon worked to get WWF programming on syndicated television all across the United States.
This angered other promoters and disrupted the well-established boundaries of the different wrestling promotions ending the territory system, in use since the founding of the NWA in the 1940s. In addition, the company used income generated by advertising, television deals, tape sales to secure talent from rival promoters. In an interview with Sports Illustrated, McMahon noted: In the old days, there were wrestling fiefdoms all over the country, each with its own little lord in charge; each little lord respected the rights of his neighboring little lord. No takeovers or raids were allowed. There were maybe 30 of these tiny kingdoms in the U. S. and if I hadn't bought out my dad, there would still be 30 of them and struggling. I, of course, had no allegiance to those little lords. McMahon gained significant traction when he hired American Wrestling Association talent Hulk Hogan, who had achieved popularity outside of wrestling, notably for his appearance in the film Rocky III. McMahon signed Roddy Piper as Hogan's rival, shortly afterward Jesse Ventura as an announcer.
Other wrestlers joined the roster, such as Jimmy Snuka, Don Muraco
Maple Leaf Gardens
Maple Leaf Gardens is a historic building located at the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street in Toronto, Canada. The building was constructed as an arena to host ice hockey games, but has since been reconstructed for other uses. Today, Maple Leaf Gardens is a multi-purpose facility, with Loblaws occupying retail space on the lower floors and an arena for Toronto's Ryerson University, known as Mattamy Athletic Centre at the Gardens, occupying the top level. Considered one of the "cathedrals" of ice hockey, it was home to the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League from 1931 to 1999; the Leafs won the Stanley Cup 11 times from 1932 to 1967 while playing at the Gardens. The first NHL All-Star Game, albeit an unofficial one, was held at the Gardens in 1934 as a benefit for Leafs forward Ace Bailey, who had suffered a career-ending head injury; the first official annual National Hockey League All-Star Game was held at Maple Leaf Gardens in 1947. It was home to the Toronto Huskies in their single season in the Basketball Association of America, the Toronto Marlboros of the Ontario Hockey League, the Toronto Toros of the World Hockey Association, the Toronto Blizzard of the North American Soccer League, the Toronto Shooting Stars of the National Professional Soccer League, the Toronto Rock of the National Lacrosse League.
The NBA's Buffalo Braves played a total of 16 regular season games at Maple Leaf Gardens from 1971 to 1975. The NBA's Toronto Raptors played six games at the Gardens from 1997 to 1999 when SkyDome was unavailable, it was one of the few venues outside the United States where Elvis Presley performed in concert. In 1972, Maple Leaf Gardens hosted game 2 of the famous Summit Series between Team Canada and the USSR. Team Canada won the game 4–1; the Toronto Maple Leafs had been playing in the Arena Gardens on Mutual Street. It was held 7,500 spectators for ice hockey. By 1930, Leafs managing director Conn Smythe decided the Arena was too small and he wanted to build a new arena and more impressive. After considering various sites, the site at the corner of Carlton and Church was purchased from The T. Eaton Co. Ltd. for $350,000, a price said to be $150,000 below market value. The new 12,473 seat arena was designed by the architectural firm of Macdonald. To finance the construction, Smythe launched Maple Leaf Gardens Limited, a management company that would own the arena and the Maple Leafs.
A public offering of shares in MLGL was made at C$10 each, with a free common share for each five preferred shares purchased. Ownership of the hockey team was transferred to MLGL in return for shares. Intending right from the start that the Gardens would host other events, W. A. Hewitt, sports editor of the Toronto Star, was hired as general manager of Maple Leaf Gardens to oversee all events other than professional hockey, his son, Foster Hewitt, was hired to run the radio broadcasts, oversaw the construction of the radio broadcast facilities. The contract to construct the building was awarded to Thomson Brothers Construction of Port Credit in Toronto Township. Thomson Bros bid just under $990,000 for the project, the lowest of ten tenders received due to the fact that amongst the Thomson Brothers' various enterprises they had much of the sub contract work covered, others could not compete in this manner; that price did not include steel work, estimated at an additional $100,000. Additional savings were made through deals with labour unions, in exchange for shares in MLGL.
Construction began at midnight on June 1, 1931. In what is to this day considered to be a remarkable accomplishment, the Gardens was constructed in five months and two weeks at a cost of C$1.5 million. Team owner Harold Ballard lived in the owner's suite built into the arena's top northeast corner; the Gardens opened on November 1931, with the Maple Leafs losing 2 -- 1 to the Chicago Blackhawks. Reported attendance on opening night was 13,542; the Leafs would go on to win their first Stanley Cup as the Maple Leafs that season. The first professional wrestling show at the Gardens was held on November 19, 1931 and attracted 15,800 people to see world champion Jim Londos in the main event; the show was promoted by Jack Corcoran, who passed the reins to Frank Tunney and his Maple Leaf Wrestling promotion in 1939. Under Tunney and the Gardens was for decades a thriving centre for professional wrestling. Local hero Whipper Billy Watson became the city's top wrestling attraction in the 1950s; the last WWE-promoted event to be held at Maple Leaf Gardens was on September 17, 1995.
Boxing was a regular offering at the Gardens for many years. The first world title bout in the building was on September 19, 1932, with bantamweight champion Panama Al Brown knocking out challenger Émile Pladner in the first round. Winston Churchill addressed a large audience at the Gardens in March 1932. Victory Loan rallies were held at the Gardens during World War II. On November 1, 1946, Maple Leaf Gardens was the site of the first game in the history of the Basketball Association of America, with the Toronto Huskies playing the New York Knickerbockers
Demolition (professional wrestling)
Demolition is a professional wrestling tag team most prominent during the late 1980s and early 1990s in the World Wrestling Federation made up of Ax, Crush. In the WWF, Demolition were three-time WWF World Tag Team Champions, hold the record for the most combined days as reigning champions with that championship, their first reign with the WWF World Tag Team Championship is the second longest reign with any tag team championship in WWE history and is the longest reign on record for that specific championship. Beginning in 2007, Ax and Smash reunited for several appearances at various independent shows and legends conventions. Randy Colley and Bill Eadie created the Demolition gimmick and worked for the World Wrestling Federation, they debuted as a heel tag team on the January 17, 1987 edition of Superstars, alongside manager Luscious Johnny V, defeating the team of Salvatore Bellomo and Mario Mancini. Demolition wore studded black leather outfits and leather-covered hockey masks to the ring, which they removed to reveal face paint made up of some combination of black, red, or silver colors, though other colors were sometimes included.
The tag team wore outfits similar to Lord Humungus of the 1981 film Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior, while their facepaint was reminiscent of hard rock band KISS. However, in TV interviews the characters compared themselves to another hockey-masked horror movie villain, Jason Voorhees of the Friday the 13th film series, as well as Freddy Krueger of Nightmare on Elm Street. After only a few matches, Colley was replaced with Barry Darsow in a match aired on the February 14, 1987 edition of Superstars. In an RF Video shoot interview with Eadie and Darsow, Eadie said that Colley was replaced because he was too recognizable to the fans as the man who performed as Moondog Rex; the WWF pitched a few potential replacements to Eadie, but he thought fans would recognize the suggested replacements. However, Eadie felt that many WWF fans would not recognize Darsow, working for Jim Crockett Promotions as Krusher Khruschev alongside Nikita Koloff. Darsow had left Crockett following a dispute in order to take over the role of Smash.
On the March 14 edition of Saturday Night's Main Event, Demolition participated in a battle royal, won by Hercules Hernandez. Demolition became known for their aggressive style in the ring and the way that they dominated their matches, their first feud was with the team of Ken Patera and Billy Jack Haynes, which started after Ax and Smash brutalized WWF jobber Brady Boone during a televised match. Demolition claimed victories over all of the established face tag teams in the WWF at the time, including The Killer Bees, The Rougeau Brothers, British Bulldogs, The Young Stallions, The Islanders, The Can-Am Connection. Around that same period, Johnny Valiant sold their contracts to Mr. Fuji. Demolition made their pay-per-view debut at Survivor Series in an elimination tag team match where 5 babyface teams faced 5 heel teams. Demolition was part of the heel group, they were disqualified for shoving down referee Dave Hebner during the match and the face team went on to win the match. At WrestleMania IV, Ax and Smash defeated Strike Force to win their first WWF World Tag Team Championship.
Ax struck Martel in the back of the neck with Fuji's cane. Martel was knocked out and Smash covered him for the pin while Ax hid outside with the cane; as champions, they defeated a number of the top teams of the WWF, which at the time had a talent-rich and hotly contested tag division, most notably the British Bulldogs and Hart Foundation. In the summer of 1988 The Powers of Pain entered the WWF and challenged them for the Tag Team Championship. During the elimination tag team match at the 1988 Survivor Series, Mr. Fuji attacked Demolition and joined forces with the Powers of Pain. A double turn took place. Interviewed after the contest, Fuji claimed that he had turned on Demolition because, since winning the championship, they had become insubordinate and disrespectful towards him, whereas the Powers would be utterly obedient and loyal apprentices. For their part, Demolition denounced their former manager as a parasite, labelling him "Fuj the Stooge." Ax and Smash memorably squared off against each other as entrants #1 and #2 in the Royal Rumble match at the Summit in Houston in 1989, tearing into each other for the full two minutes before being joined in the ring by the third entrant André the Giant, where they once again joined as Demolition and targeted the big man.
Demolition defeated the Powers of Pain and Mr. Fuji in a tag team handicap match at WrestleMania V to retain the WWF World Tag Team Championship when they caught Fuji in the "Demolition Decapitation"; that day, Demolition became the longest reigning WWF World Tag Team Champions after breaking the previous 370 day record of The Valiant Brothers. Subsequently, on May 12 Demolition's reign exceeded the 409-day third reign of The Fabulous Kangaroos with the WWWF United States Tag Team Championship, thus becoming the longest running holders of any tag team champ
WWF Superstars of Wrestling
WWF Superstars of Wrestling shortened to WWF Superstars, is a professional wrestling television program, produced by the World Wrestling Federation. It debuted on September 1986, as the flagship program of the WWF's syndicated programming. In January 2019, select episodes of WWF Superstars starting from April of 1992 became available for streaming on the WWE Network. In September 1986, Superstars replaced WWF Championship Wrestling. Before that, WWF Superstars Of Wrestling was the name of a weekly recap show hosted by Vince McMahon and Lord Alfred Hayes that lasted from 1984 through August 1986; the new version of Superstars was the program on which all the angles began and at times ended and on which the majority of title changes took place if not at a pay-per-view event. Matches saw top tier and mid-level talent versus jobbers. At times, there was a "feature" match between main WWF talent; as with all syndicated WWF programming, another major aspect of the show was to promote house shows and TV tapings in each market.
During its syndication run, the program was rebranded and aired in Canada as Maple Leaf Wrestling, despite having no Canadian content other than interviews promoting matches that were to be held in Canada, along with occasional program-exclusive matches taped at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto, Ontario. However this repackaging was, at the time, sufficient to allow the program to count towards Canadian content requirements for local television stations; the show began airing in 1986 in the United Kingdom on Saturday nights on Sky Channel. For a short time, it was shown on Tuesdays on Eurosport. Early in the 1990s, it was featured in a Friday night time slot. In the mid-1990s, Superstars was moved to a Sunday morning time slot. For most of it original run in the United Kingdom Gorilla Monsoon was the play-by-play commentator with various color commentators throughout its history. Beginning with the April 18, 1992 episode, the program was renamed to WWF Superstars, due to a successful lawsuit by another promoter, Albert Patterson, who had claimed prior rights to the phrase "Superstars of Wrestling".
Since archival footage of the program has been shown with the words "of Wrestling" blurred out where applicable. In September 1996, Superstars left syndication and moved to USA Network in place of WWF Action Zone, which the network cancelled. Although for a brief period the show continued in its same format, as time went on more and more recaps of the WWF's other programming began to fill the hour. By March 1997, Superstars was a summary program and continued in that manner until its eventual ending. In 1997, the format of Superstars as aired in the United Kingdom changed and began to only feature weekly summaries of Monday Night Raw. Following the premiere of SmackDown!, Superstars served as a summary show for SmackDown! as well. When the WWF moved its cable TV contract to TNN in September 2000, Superstars moved with it; the show was discontinued in August 2001. The show continued until December 2002 in the UK, until it was replaced by Heat in January 2003. Many of these title changes were not aired for up to several weeks.
As these shows were aired in an era before the Internet, the previous title holder sometimes defended his title at house shows as though he were still the champion until the title change was aired on television. The Hart Foundation defeating the British Bulldogs for the WWF World Tag Team Championship on February 7, 1987; the Honky Tonk Man defeating Ricky "The Dragon" Steamboat for the WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship on June 13, 1987. Strike Force defeating the Hart Foundation for the WWF World Tag Team Championship on November 7, 1987. Demolition defeating the Brain Busters for the WWF World Tag Team Championship on November 4, 1989; the Colossal Connection defeating Demolition for the WWF World Tag Team Championship on December 30, 1989. Mr. Perfect defeating Tito Santana for the vacant WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship on May 19, 1990. Mr. Perfect defeating Kerry Von Erich for the WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship on December 15, 1990. Diesel defeating Razor Ramon for the WWF Intercontinental Championship on April 30, 1994.
The commentary team on Superstars underwent many changes. The hosts of Superstars are listed below in chronological order along with their debut episode. Vince McMahon, Jesse "The Body" Ventura, Bruno Sammartino McMahon and Ventura McMahon and Rowdy Roddy Piper McMahon, "The Mouth of the South" Jimmy Hart McMahon and The Honky Tonk Man McMahon, "Macho Man" Randy Savage McMahon, Mr. Perfect McMahon and Perfect McMahon and Bobby "The Brain" Heenan McMahon and Jerry "The King" Lawler McMahon and Lawler McMahon and Lawler McMahon and Reo Rodgers McMahon and Stan L
WrestleMania IV was the fourth annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation. It took place on March 27, 1988, at the Historic Atlantic City Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey; the announced attendance of the event was 19,199, drawing a 6.5 buyrate on PPV. The main event featured as the finals of a one-night fourteen-man single elimination tournament for the Undisputed WWF Heavyweight Championship, in which Randy Savage defeated Ted DiBiase to win the vacant title; the main matches on the undercard were a twenty-man battle royal won by Bad News Brown, Demolition versus Strike Force for the WWF Tag Team Championship, Brutus Beefcake versus The Honky Tonk Man for the WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship. WrestleMania IV was a professional wrestling event held by the World Wrestling Federation, was the fourth iteration of WrestleMania, first held in 1985; the event was held March 27, 1988, at the Historic Atlantic City Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
This event along with WrestleMania V would be advertised as being held at the Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, with both events taking place across the road at Convention Hall, but sponsored by Donald Trump. The two events would be the only time that WrestleMania would be held at the same venue in consecutive years; the attendance for the event was announced as 19,199, who paid a total of $1,400,000 in admission fees, however was reduced from that of the previous year's event, which sat at 93,173, would stay similar to the following year 20,369. Having faced off in the previous years main event, much of the promotion of the event featured the continued rivalry of Andre the Giant and Hulk Hogan; this would take place inside of a single elimination ten-man tournament, for the vacant world championship. The event was broadcast across closed circuit television to 175,000 homes, on pay-per-view drawing a 6.5 byrate, reduced from 8 the previous year. WrestleMania IV featured a card, which contained matches that involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines.
Wrestlers portrayed either a villainous or fan favorite gimmick as they followed a series of events which built tension, leading to a wrestling match. The name of a wrestler's character was not always the person's birth name, as wrestlers use a stage name to portray their character; as a narrative, events are pre-planned in order to promote a show, or match. The main plotline for the event featured a ten-man tournament, including a rematch of WrestleMania III's main event; the most promoted feud heading into the event was between Hulk Hogan and André the Giant, similar to the year before when the two met at WrestleMania III. In January 1987, Hogan was awarded a trophy for his third year as WWF World Heavyweight Champion while Hogan's on-screen friend André was awarded a smaller trophy than Hogan's, for being undefeated in the WWF for the previous fifteen years. Hogan congratulated André over winning the award, but André exited the arena before Hogan's speech was finished. In February, on an episode of Piper's Pit, André announced his new manager, Bobby Heenan, Hogan's longtime on-screen rival.
Hogan asked André to leave Heenan. André challenged Hogan to a WWF World Heavyweight Championship match at WrestleMania III, before ripping off Hogan's Hulkamania shirt and golden cross necklace, turning from an on-screen hero to villan. At WrestleMania III Hogan defeated André to retain the title. At the first Survivor Series in November 1987, André along with team members, One Man Gang, King Kong Bundy, Butch Reed and Rick Rude defeated Hogan, Paul Orndorff, Don Muraco, Ken Patera and Bam Bam Bigelow in a traditional Survivor Series match. Shortly after Survivor Series, Hogan defended his WWF World Heavyweight championship against Bundy, André sneak-attacked Hogan, applying a choke hold. Ted DiBiase, a relative newcomer to the WWF, was portrayed as "The Million Dollar Man", an evil millionaire, offered Hogan a large sum of money to sell DiBiase the WWF World Heavyweight Championship, to which Hogan refused. At the first Royal Rumble in January 1988, Hogan and André had an official contract signing for a WWF World Heavyweight Championship rematch.
Their rematch took place on the first edition of The Main Event in February, where André defeated Hogan with a dusty finish. André won the match. Shortly after being awarded the championship, André would kayfabe sell the title to DiBiase. Whilst André's championship reign is recognised by the WWF, DiBiase would be stripped of the title. Plotwise, WWF President Jack Tunney vacated the title due to it having not been won in a sanctioned match and ordered it to be decided in a single elimination 14-man tournament at WrestleMania IV; as previous champions, André and Hogan would get a bye to the second round of the tournament, but would face each other in their second round matchup. Hogan would form an unlikely alliance with former enemy and top challenger to his WWF World Heavyweight Championship, Randy "Macho Man" Savage. Savage had been portrayed as an egomaniacal heel during most of his first two years in the WWF, but in the late summer of 1987 began to turn face, their on-screen friendship was formed when Hogan intervened when Savage was being attacked by The Honky Tonk Man, the Hart Foundation in an angle.
Although Hogan and Savage teamed together at un-televised house shows, nothing more was made of it on national television until shortly before WrestleMania IV, when Hogan r