Funk is a music genre that originated in African-American communities in the mid-1960s when African-American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music and rhythm and blues. Funk de-emphasizes melody and chord progressions and focuses on a strong rhythmic groove of a bass line played by an electric bassist and a drum part played by a drummer. Like much of African-inspired music, funk consists of a complex groove with rhythm instruments playing interlocking grooves. Funk uses the same richly colored extended chords found in bebop jazz, such as minor chords with added sevenths and elevenths, or dominant seventh chords with altered ninths and thirteenths. Funk originated in the mid-1960s, with James Brown's development of a signature groove that emphasized the downbeat—with heavy emphasis on the first beat of every measure, the application of swung 16th notes and syncopation on all bass lines, drum patterns, guitar riffs. Other musical groups, including Sly and the Family Stone, the Meters, Parliament-Funkadelic, soon began to adopt and develop Brown's innovations.
While much of the written history of funk focuses on men, there have been notable funk women, including Chaka Khan, Lyn Collins, Brides of Funkenstein, Mother's Finest, Betty Davis. Funk derivatives include the psychedelic funk of George Clinton. Funk samples and breakbeats have been used extensively in hip hop and various forms of electronic dance music, such as house music, old-school rave and drum and bass, it is the main influence of go-go, a subgenre associated with funk. The word funk referred to a strong odor, it is derived from Latin "fumigare" via Old French "fungiere" and, in this sense, it was first documented in English in 1620. In 1784 "funky" meaning "musty" was first documented, which, in turn, led to a sense of "earthy", taken up around 1900 in early jazz slang for something "deeply or felt". In early jam sessions, musicians would encourage one another to "get down" by telling one another, "Now, put some stank on it!". At least as early as 1907, jazz songs carried titles such as Funky.
The first example is an unrecorded number by Buddy Bolden, remembered as either "Funky Butt" or "Buddy Bolden's Blues" with improvised lyrics that were, according to Donald M. Marquis, either "comical and light" or "crude and downright obscene" but, in one way or another, referring to the sweaty atmosphere at dances where Bolden's band played; as late as the 1950s and early 1960s, when "funk" and "funky" were used in the context of jazz music, the terms still were considered indelicate and inappropriate for use in polite company. According to one source, New Orleans-born drummer Earl Palmer "was the first to use the word'funky' to explain to other musicians that their music should be made more syncopated and danceable." The style evolved into a rather hard-driving, insistent rhythm, implying a more carnal quality. This early form of the music set the pattern for musicians; the music was identified as slow, loose, riff-oriented and danceable. A great deal of funk is rhythmically based on a two-celled onbeat/offbeat structure, which originated in sub-Saharan African music traditions.
New Orleans appropriated the bifurcated structure from the Afro-Cuban mambo and conga in the late 1940s, made it its own. New Orleans funk, as it was called, gained international acclaim because James Brown's rhythm section used it to great effect. Funk uses the same richly coloured extended chords found in bebop jazz, such as minor chords with added sevenths and elevenths, or dominant seventh chords with altered ninths. However, unlike bebop jazz, with its complex, rapid-fire chord changes, funk abandoned chord changes, creating static single chord vamps with melodo-harmonic movement and a complex, driving rhythmic feel; some of the best known and most skilful soloists in funk have jazz backgrounds. Trombonist Fred Wesley and saxophonist Pee Wee Ellis and Maceo Parker are among the most notable musicians in the funk music genre, with both of them working with James Brown, George Clinton and Prince; the chords used in funk songs imply a dorian or mixolydian mode, as opposed to the major or natural minor tonalities of most popular music.
Melodic content was derived by mixing these modes with the blues scale. In the 1970s, jazz music drew upon funk to create a new subgenre of jazz-funk, which can be heard in recordings by Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock. Funk creates an intense groove by using strong guitar riffs and bass lines played on electric bass. Like Motown recordings, funk songs use bass lines as the centerpiece of songs. Indeed, funk has been called the style in which the bass line is most prominent in the songs, with the bass playing the "hook" of the song. Early funk basslines used syncopation, but with the addition of more of a "driving feel" than in New Orleans funk, they used blues scale notes along with the major third above the root. Funk basslines use sixteenth note syncopation, blues scales, repetitive patterns with leaps of an octave or a larger interval. Funk bass lines emphasize repetitive patterns, locked-in grooves, continuous playing, slap and popping bass. Slapping and popping uses a mixture of thumb-slapped low notes (also
Show You the Way to Go
"Show You the Way to Go" is a song written by Gamble and Huff and recorded by The Jacksons for their 1976 CBS debut album, The Jacksons. Released as a single in early 1977, it was the only number-one song for the group in the UK, it was covered by Dannii Minogue. "Show You the Way to Go" became a hit for The Jacksons, after their departure from Motown nearly two years prior. The move made it easy for the brothers to produce their own material, they spent a couple of years under the production and direction of Gamble and Huff and was signed to Philadelphia International Records. This was one of the songs; this song was released after "Enjoy Yourself," released a year earlier. Michael sang background vocals. Marlon Jackson, the rest of the brothers had backup parts; the song reached No. 6 US Billboard R&B chart, No. 28 US Billboard Hot 100 and No. 1 on the UK Singles Chart. After recording the album Goin' Places in 1977, The Jacksons left Philadelphia International for Epic; the single's B-side was "Blues Away", the first song Michael Jackson wrote himself.
Lead vocals by Michael Jackson Background vocals by Michael Jackson, Tito Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Jackie Jackson and Randy Jackson Instruments by Tito Jackson, Randy Jackson, MFSB Dannii Minogue's version was produced by Bruce Forest and Andy Whitmore and was the first single released from her second album, Get into You. In 1992 it appeared on the NME charity album Ruby Trax, before being remixed and released as a single, reaching No. 30 on the UK Singles Chart in August of that year. These are the formats and track listings of major single releases of "Show You the Way to Go". UK CD single "Show You the Way to Go" "Success" "Show You the Way to Go" "Success" Australian Cassingle "Show You the Way to Go" "Success" Australian CD single "Show You the Way to Go" "Success" "Show You the Way to Go" UK Cassette single "Show You the Way to Go" "Show You the Way to Go" Ruby Trax "Show You the Way to Go" DanniiMusic.com - official website
William McKinley Hutchison, better known as Willie Hutch, was an American singer, songwriter as well as a record producer and recording artist for the Motown record label during the 1970s and 1980s. Born in 1944 in Los Angeles, Hutch was raised in Texas, he joined The Ambassadors, as a teenager. After graduating from, he shortened his surname when he started his music career in 1964 on the Soul City label with the song "Love Has Put Me Down". After his move to Los Angeles, his music caught the eye of the mentor for pop/soul quintet The 5th Dimension, Hutch was soon writing and arranging songs for the group. In 1969, he signed with RCA Records and put out two albums before he was spotted by Motown producer Hal Davis, who wanted lyrics to his musical composition "I'll Be There", a song he penned for The Jackson 5; the song was recorded by the group the morning. Motown CEO Berry Gordy signed Hutch to be a staff writer, arranger and musician shortly thereafter. Hutch co-wrote songs that were recorded by the Jackson 5 and their front man Michael Jackson, Smokey Robinson, the Miracles, Marvin Gaye.
In 1973, Hutch started recording albums for Motown. That same year, Hutch produced the soundtrack to the Blaxploitation film, The Mack. Hutch had several R&B hits during this period, including "Brother's Gonna Work It Out" and "Slick", he recorded the soundtrack for the 1974 film Foxy Brown. He recorded at least six albums for Motown, peaking with 1975's single "Love Power", which reached number 41 on the Billboard Hot 100, he left Motown in 1977 for Norman Whitfield's Whitfield Records. Hutch returned to Motown in 1982, where he scored the disco hit, "In and Out", that same year and recorded a couple of songs – "The Glow" and "Inside You" – for the 1985 film The Last Dragon, he had a club hit with the song "Keep on Jammin'" as well. Hutch left Motown by 1994 had moved back to Dallas, he died in 2005, aged 60. He is survived by six children, was the uncle of Cold 187um of the rap group Above the Law, his manager, Anthony Voyce, said of Hutch: "I've never met a more generous and caring person." RCA releases 1969: Soul Portrait 1970: Seasons for LoveMotown releases 1973: Fully Exposed 1973: The Mack Soundtrack 1974: Foxy Brown Soundtrack 1974: Mark of the Beast 1975: Ode to My Lady 1976: Color Her Sunshine 1976: Concert in Blues 1977: Havin' a House Party 1983: In and Out 1985: Making a Game Out of LoveWhitfield releases 1978: In Tune 1979: Midnight DancerLater releases 1994: From the Heart 1996: The Mack Is Back 2002: Sexalicious 1973: "Brother's Gonna Work It Out" 1973: "Slick" 1973: "Sunshine Lady" 1974: "If You Ain't Got No Money Pt.
I" 1974: "Theme Of Foxy Brown" 1975: "Get Ready For The Get Down" 1975: "Love Power" 1976: "Let Me Be The One, Baby" 1976: "Party Down" 1977: "Shake It, Shake It" 1977: "We Gonna Party Tonight" 1978: "All American Funkathon" 1978: "What You Gonna Do After The Party" 1978: "Paradise" 1982: "In And Out" 1985: "Keep on Jammin'" Willie Hutch at Find a Grave
This Place Hotel
"This Place Hotel" is a popular song and a hit recording by the Jacksons released in 1980. Written and composed by Michael, the song would precede Jackson's own hit, "Billie Jean". While his brothers did not sing background vocals, they were credited with playing percussion on the album while brother Tito contributed a guitar solo; the song has a tempo of 98 beats per minute, making it notably slower than many of the other disco-based songs on the album. In the song, the protagonist speaks of a time when ten years ago, he took his girlfriend to a hotel for a romantic night - only to find out that it was designed to break couples up; the staff at the hotel gave the girl the impression that he had cheated on her with someone else, something he did not do, which caused her to break up with him in the hotel. The song reached No. 22 on No. 2 on the R&B singles chart. "This Place Hotel" was the group's second biggest single off their Triumph album, behind "Lovely One." The song, in turn, became a popular concert performance for the group's next two tours into Michael's own Bad tour.
The song, like the aforementioned "Can You Feel It," was sampled often in hip-hop. The song's title was changed because of the 1956 Elvis Presley hit, "Heartbreak Hotel". Michael had the title changed nonetheless; the song was performed on the Jacksons' Triumph Tour and was subsequently used on the Jacksons' Victory Tour. When Michael Jackson first toured as a solo act, "This Place Hotel" was the only Jacksons song to be used in both legs of the Bad World Tour, whereas the other songs by the group were retired during the second leg. A spoken word and synth recording preceded the song on the first leg of the Bad tour, but for the second leg of the tour that recording was used as an intro to Jackson's hit "Smooth Criminal" instead; the song was included on Michael Jackson's The Ultimate Collection and it has been remixed on the Immortal album in 2011. A live version of the song is available on the 2012 DVD Live at Wembley July 16, 1988. On March 23, 2014, a video clip of a live performance of the song from the Victory Tour was uploaded to the Jacksons' official YouTube account.
The original title of "Heartbreak Hotel" was used and released commercially on 7" vinyl in many countries, though a 2-track 12" maxi single was produced and promotional-only copies, given to radio stations and reviewers and a limited 2-track Japanese mini CD single was commercially released in November 1988, to coincide with the Michael Jackson Bad tour. This track has been sampled on at least 20 different hip-hop, R&B and gospel songs, including most notably: "Peaceful Journey" by Heavy D & the Boyz feat. K-Ci & JoJo "N. E. Heart Break" by New Edition "Heartbreak Hotel" by The Game feat. Diddy "You Are the Only One" by God's Property feat. Kirk Franklin "You Be Killin Em" by Fabolous "Lookin' Fly" by Redman feat. Method Man "The Center of Attraction" by Ghostface Killah feat. Cappadonna Covered by Living Colour 2017 These are the formats and track listings of major single releases of "This Place Hotel". Written and composed by Michael Jackson Produced by the Jacksons Associate Producer: Greg Phillinganes Lead and background vocals by Michael Jackson Additional background vocals: Stephanie Spruill, Maxine Willard Waters and Julia Tillman Waters Horn arrangement by Tom Tom 84 Prelude arrangement by Jerry Hey Instrumentation: Keyboards: Greg Phillinganes Guitars: Tito Jackson, David Williams, Mike Sembello, Paul Jackson, Jr. Bass: Nathan Watts Drums: Ollie E. Brown Percussion: The Jacksons, Paulinho da Costa Timpani: Marlon Jackson Scream: La Toya Jackson
Harold Edward "Hal" Davis was an American songwriter and record producer. Davis was a producer and writer for Motown Records for nearly thirty years, was a key figure in the latter part of the Motown career of The Jackson 5. Born in Cincinnati, Davis began his music career in his teens as a singer, managed by Henry Stone, he released a string of singles under his own name for small labels, moved to Los Angeles in 1960 where he continued to record but worked as a songwriter and record producer. He discovered young singer Brenda Holloway, recorded duets with her on small local labels in the early 1960s, he wrote and recorded with singer Jennell Hawkins. In about 1962, he introduced himself to Berry Gordy, who installed Davis as head of Motown's first Los Angeles operation opening the MoWest label. Working with Marc Gordon, Davis was able to reproduce the elements of the Motown sound with Los Angeles musicians, found success with records by both Brenda and her sister Patrice Holloway. In the mid-1960s, Stevie Wonder made a series of recordings including the album Stevie at the Beach and single "Hey Harmonica Man", co-produced by Davis.
Most notably, Davis was the co-writer and producer of Jackson 5 hits such as "I'll Be There" and "Dancing Machine," and Eddie Kendricks' "Can I". Davis produced for Bette Midler, Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers, The Supremes, Gladys Knight & the Pips, Thelma Houston, Joy Holden, Diana Ross, Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson, Marvin Gaye, Four Tops, Junior Walker, The Miracles. During the disco era, he produced hit songs for Thelma Houston and Syreeta. Davis remained with Motown until the 1990s, he died in 1998, aged 65
"Ben" is a song written by Don Black and composed by Walter Scharf for the 1972 film of the same name. It was performed in the film by Michael Jackson over the closing credits. Jackson's single, recorded for the Motown label in 1972, spent one week at the top of the U. S. pop chart. Billboard ranked it as the No. 20 song for 1972. It reached number one on the Australian pop chart, spending eight weeks at the top spot; the song later reached a peak of number seven on the British pop chart. In 2004 the song appeared, it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1973, losing to "The Morning After" by Maureen McGovern from The Poseidon Adventure. The song was Jackson's first U. S. #1 solo hit. Written for Donny Osmond, "Ben" was offered to Jackson as Osmond was on tour at the time and unavailable for recording. In addition to its one week at #1 in the U. S. the song later reached a peak of number seven on the British pop chart. "Ben" won a Golden Globe for Best Song. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1973.
Although Jackson had become the youngest artist to record a number-one, "Ben" made him the third-youngest solo artist, at fourteen, to score a number-one hit single. Only Stevie Wonder, thirteen when "Fingertips, Pt. 2" went to number one, Osmond, months shy of his fourteenth birthday when "Go Away Little Girl" hit number one in 1971 were younger. The song is one of Jackson's most re-released, having appeared on The Jackson 5 Anthology, The Best of Michael Jackson, Michael Jackson Anthology, Jackson 5: The Ultimate Collection, The Essential Michael Jackson, Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection, Hello World: The Motown Solo Collection, The Definitive Collection, the North American version of Number Ones, some versions of King of Pop and Icon. A live recorded version was released on the 1981 album The Jacksons Live! and remixed versions have appeared on The Remix Suite, The Stripped Mixes and some versions of Immortal. After Jackson's death, singer Akon released a remix of the song with his own background vocals and Jackson's original vocal solo.
In 1985, the song became a top ten hit again in the UK when covered by Marti Webb as a tribute to Ben Hardwick, a young liver transplant patient. This version was one of the singer's biggest hits; the song's lyricist, Don Black, was at that time Webb's manager. Crispin Glover re-recorded a version of the song for the soundtrack of the 2003 remake of Willard. A music video for the song was produced, which featured Glover. AllMusic editor Lindsay Planer wrote about the success of the song: "Like much of the Motown empire at the time, the title track's multimedia exposure, coupled with strong crossover appeal, ensured that "Ben" scored the artist his first Pop Singles' chart-topper" and he highlighted the track. Rolling Stone editor Vince Aletti was not satisfied: "The title song is lovely, no doubt, Michael packs it with a surprising amount of feeling but it's all a little too thick for my tastes." List of number-one singles in Australia during the 1970s List of Hot 100 number-one singles of 1972 Michael Jackson performing Ben at the Oscars® on YouTube
I Want You Back
"I Want You Back" was the first national single of the Jackson 5. It was released on October 7, 1969 and became the first number-one hit for the band and the Motown label on 31 January 1970, it was performed on the band's first television appearances, on October 18, 1969 on Diana Ross's The Hollywood Palace and on their milestone performance on December 14, 1969 on The Ed Sullivan Show. The song, along with a B-side remake of "Who's Lovin' You" by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles, was the only single used in the Jackson 5's first album, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, it went to number one on the Soul singles chart for four weeks and held the number-one position on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for the week ending January 31, 1970. "I Want You Back" was ranked 121st on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Considered for Gladys Knight & the Pips and for Diana Ross, as "I Wanna Be Free", "I Want You Back" explores the theme of a lover who decides that he was too hasty in dropping his partner.
An unusual aspect about "I Want You Back" was that its main lead vocal was performed by a tween, Michael Jackson. "I Want You Back" was released on October 7, 1969 and was the first Jackson 5 single to be released by Motown and the first song written and produced by The Corporation, a team comprising Motown chief Berry Gordy, Freddie Perren, Alphonso Mizell, Deke Richards. It is the first of four Jackson 5 number-ones released in a row and the first Jackson 5 song recorded in Los Angeles, California. S. A. in Detroit, Michigan. From late 1969 and on, nearly all of the Jackson 5's recordings were done in Los Angeles when the majority of recordings for other artists on the label were done in Detroit. Although Gladys Knight had been the first to mention the Jacksons to Berry Gordy, Bobby Taylor brought the Jackson brothers to Motown, Motown credited Diana Ross with discovering them; this was done not only to help promote the Jackson 5, but to help ease Ross' transition into a solo career, which she began in 1970 soon after the Jackson 5 became a success.
The Jackson 5 performed "I Want You Back" during all of their world tours, either as a full song or as a part of the Jackson 5 Medley in concerts. During their second-ever television appearance, the Jackson 5 performed "I Want You Back" along with Sly & the Family Stone's "Sing a Simple Song," The Delfonics' "Can You Remember," and James Brown's "There Was a Time", they performed the song on American Bandstand and the Andy Williams Show. Michael Jackson performed the song as part of the "Jackson 5 Medley" during all of his world tours - the Bad World Tour, the Dangerous World Tour and the HIStory World Tour; the song was to be performed at Jackson's This Is It comeback concerts in London, which were cancelled due to his death. The song was performed live at the Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special in 2001, in which Jackson reunited with his brothers on stage for the first time since 1984; the song has sold six million copies worldwide. In 1999, "I Want You Back" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame."I Want You Back" ranks number 121 on Rolling Stone's list of the'500 Greatest Songs of All Time'.
It ranks ninth on Rolling Stone's list of the'100 Greatest Pop Songs since 1963'. In 2006, Pitchfork Media named it the second best song of the 1960s, adding that the chorus contains "possibly the best chord progression in pop music history." A June 2009 article by The Daily Telegraph called it "arguably the greatest pop record of all time". Digital Spy called the song "one of the most enduring pop singles of the sixties"; the single has been awarded Silver certification on August 22, 2014 by the British Phonographic Industry Association."I Want You Back" has long been considered one of the most sampled songs in all of Hip hop music. The song has been sampled over 60 times since its release in 1969. Prominent artists such as Jay-Z, The Notorious B. I. G. and Justin Bieber have all used parts of the song producing some of their biggest hits. The song is considered to have one of the greatest chord progressions in Pop music. Michael Jackson – lead vocals Tito Jackson – vocals Jackie Jackson – vocals Jermaine Jackson – vocals Marlon Jackson – vocals Johnny Jackson - drums Gene Pello – drums Freddie Perren - piano Fonce Mizell - piano Louis Shelton – guitar David T. Walker - guitar Wilton Felder – bass guitar Don Peake – bass guitar Ronnie Rancifer – piano, keyboards Overview of "I Want You Back", featuring picture sleeves from all over the world