Marwan al-Muasher is a Jordanian diplomat and politician, Jordan's foreign minister from 2002 to 2004 and its deputy prime minister during 2004 and 2005. He serves as vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research on the Middle East, he was former ambassador to the United States. Muasher attended Purdue University in West Lafayette, where he earned a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering in 1977, a master of science degree in computer engineering in 1978, a Ph. D. in computer engineering, in 1981. Muasher began his career working as a journalist for the Jordan Times, the only Jordanian newspaper in the English language, he entered government service, working in communications in the Ministry of Planning, at the prime minister's office as press adviser, as director of the Jordan Information Bureau in Washington, D. C. In 1995, following the 1994 Israel–Jordan peace treaty, Muasher became Jordan's first ambassador to Israel.
In 1996, he became minister of information and the government spokesperson. From 1997 to 2002, he served in Washington, D. C. again as ambassador to the United States, helped negotiate the Jordan–U. S. Free Trade Agreement, the first free-trade agreement the United States signed with an Arab country, he returned to Jordan in January 2002 to serve as foreign minister, where he played a central role in developing the Arab Peace Initiative and the Middle East roadmap. He served until October 2004, when he gained the post of deputy prime minister in a cabinet reshuffle under former Prime Minister Adnan Badran that sought to continue reform and shrink the bureaucracy, he served as the deputy prime minister until November 2005. In 2005 he developed the National Agenda, a long-term political and social reform plan for Jordan; the making up of the plan involved 450 Jordanian stakeholders and experts giving solutions and deadlines to implement them. The National Agenda was never realized because, according to Muasher, it was thwarted by a group of political elites and bureaucrats, eager to keep a rentier-based state system, rather than one based on merit.
According to Sultan Sooud Al-Qassemi, al-Muasher, a Christian, was dropped from the post to please the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood. From 2006 to 2007, he was a member of the Jordanian Senate. From March 2007 to 2010, he served as senior vice president of external affairs at the World Bank, he serves as vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research on the Middle East from Washington, D. C. and Beirut, Lebanon. In 2011 Muasher took seat in the advisory council of The Hague Institute for Global Justice, he is the author of two books: The Arab Center: The Promise of Moderation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 2008. P. 336. ISBN 0300123000; the Second Arab Awakening: And the Battle for Pluralism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 2014. P. 232. ISBN 978-0300186390. Recipient of awards, including Jordanian Independence Medal and the Order of the Star of Jordan. Official Twitter account October 2013 interview with Jordan Business Magazine March 19, 2014 discussion with Thomas L. Friedman at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.
Rami George Khouri
Rami George Khouri is a journalist and editor with joint Palestinian-Jordanian and United States citizenship. He was born in New York City to an Arab Palestinian Christian family, his father, George Khouri, a Nazarene journalist in what was the British mandate of Palestine, had traveled with his wife to New York in 1947 to cover the United Nations debates about the future of Palestine. His family resides in Beirut and Nazareth, he is a regarded public speaker. After attending secondary school at the International School of Geneva in Switzerland Rami Khouri returned to the US to complete his education. Khouri has served for many years as the chief umpire for Little League Baseball in Jordan. In 1971, Khouri began his career working as a reporter for the English-language newspaper The Daily Star in Beirut, Lebanon. From 1972 to 1973, Khouri continued writing columns for the paper while working as managing editor of Middle East Sketch magazine. Following a year in the United States as program administrator for the Division of International Programs Abroad at Syracuse University, Khouri returned to Beirut to become managing editor of Middle East Money in Beirut from 1973 to 1974.
He moved to Amman, where he served as editor-in-chief of Jordan's English-language daily, the Jordan Times, from 1975 to 1982 and again from 1987 Khouri is former director of the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut. His journalistic work includes writing books and an internationally syndicated column by progressive commentary agency Agence Global, founded by Jahan Salehi. Khoury serves as editor at large of the Beirut-based Daily Star newspaper, published throughout the Middle East with the International Herald Tribune, he had hosted "Encounter", a weekly current affairs talk show on Jordan Television, "Jordan Ancient Cultures", a weekly archaeology program on Radio Jordan. Khouri was a Nieman Journalism Fellow at Harvard University, nonresident senior fellow of the Dubai Initiative at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and was appointed a member of the Brookings Institution Task Force on U.
S. Relations with the Islamic World. Khoury is a research associate at the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflict at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University, a Fellow of the Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs, a member of the Leadership Council of the Harvard University Divinity School. Khoury serves on the board of the EastWest Institute, the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown University and the National Museum of Jordan, he was executive editor of the Daily Star newspaper from 2003 to 2005, had been the editor in chief of the Jordan Times for seven years before that. He wrote for many years from Amman, Jordan for leading international publications, including the Financial Times, the Boston Globe and the Washington Post. For 18 years he was general manager of Al Kutba, publishers, in Amman, has served as a consultant to the Jordanian tourism ministry on biblical archaeological sites, he comments on Mideast issues in the international media, lectures at conferences and universities throughout the world.
In the fall of 2017 Khouri was a visiting professor at Villanova university. Khouri believes. Writing for the Daily Star, he states that "We end up with a situation in which it becomes easy for Arabs to blame Israel and the Western powers for the problems of our region." He believes that "the truth is in between, with Arab and Western actors all having to share the blame for contributing to the distressing conditions that define the Arab world." Khouri was the 2004 winner of the Eliav-Sartawi Awards for Middle East Journalism in the Arab Press category In November 2006, he was the co-recipient of the Pax Christi International Peace Award for his efforts to bring peace and reconciliation to the Middle East. He has BA and MSc degrees in political science and mass communications from Syracuse University, New York, is married to Ellen Kettaneh, they have two grown sons. Palestinian Christians The Antiquities of the Jordan Rift Valley Published by Al Kutba, 1988 ISBN 0-944940-49-8, ISBN 978-0-944940-49-5 Petra: A Guide to the Capital of the Nabataeans Published by Longman, 1986 ISBN 0-582-78385-2, ISBN 978-0-582-78385-0 Jerash: A Frontier City of the Roman East Published by Longman, 1986 ISBN 0-582-78384-4, ISBN 978-0-582-78384-3 The Jordan Valley: Life and Society Below Sea Level Published by Longman, 1981 ISBN 0-582-78318-6, ISBN 978-0-582-78318-8 USAID and the Private Sector in Jordan: A Chronicle: the Genesis, August 1985-August 1988 Published by USAID, 1989 The View from East of the Jordan Published by Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine, 1998 Aqaba: port of Palestine on the China Sea Co-author Rami G. Khouri and Donald S. Whitcomb Published by Al Kutba, 1988 Islamic Banking: Knotting a New Network Published by Aramco, 1987 For Those who Share a Will to Live: Perspectives on a Just Peace in the Middle East Published by Resource Center for Nonviolence, 1985 Column archive at The Daily Star Appearances on C-SPAN Rami George Khouri on Charlie Rose Rami George Khouri on IMDb Works by or about Rami George Khouri in libraries Rami Khouri on U.
S. Policy in the Middle East, 15 November 2007
Jordan the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and Palestine to the west; the Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a small coastline to the Red Sea in its extreme south-west, but is otherwise landlocked. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia and Europe; the capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic and cultural centre. What is now Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon and Edom. Rulers include the Nabataean Kingdom, the Roman Empire, the Ottoman Empire. After the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in 1916 during World War I, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned by Britain and France; the Emirate of Transjordan was established in 1921 by the Hashemite Emir, Abdullah I, the emirate became a British protectorate.
In 1946, Jordan became an independent state known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967. Jordan renounced its claim to the territory in 1988, became one of two Arab states to sign a peace treaty with Israel in 1994. Jordan is the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation; the sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy, but the king holds wide executive and legislative powers. Jordan is a small, semi-arid landlocked country with an area of 89,342 km2 and a population numbering 10 million, making it the 11th-most populous Arab country. Sunni Islam, practiced by around 95% of the population, is the dominant religion in Jordan and coexists with an indigenous Christian minority. Jordan has been referred to as an "oasis of stability" in a turbulent region, it has been unscathed by the violence that swept the region following the Arab Spring in 2010.
From as early as 1948, Jordan has accepted refugees from multiple neighbouring countries in conflict. An estimated 2.1 million Palestinian and 1.4 million Syrian refugees are present in Jordan as of a 2015 census. The kingdom is a refuge to thousands of Iraqi Christians fleeing persecution by ISIL. While Jordan continues to accept refugees, the recent large influx from Syria placed substantial strain on national resources and infrastructure. Jordan is classified as a country of "high human development" with an "upper middle income" economy; the Jordanian economy, one of the smallest economies in the region, is attractive to foreign investors based upon a skilled workforce. The country is a major tourist destination attracting medical tourism due to its well developed health sector. Nonetheless, a lack of natural resources, large flow of refugees and regional turmoil have hampered economic growth. Jordan takes its name from the Jordan River. While several theories for the origin of the river's name have been proposed, it is most plausible that it derives from the Semitic word Yarad, meaning "the descender", reflecting the river's declivity.
Much of the area that makes up modern Jordan was called Transjordan, meaning "across the Jordan", used to denote the lands east of the river. The Old Testament refers to the area as "the other side of the Jordan". Early Arab chronicles referred to the river as corresponding to the Semitic Yarden. Jund Al-Urdunn was a military district around the river in the early Islamic era. During the Crusades in the beginning of the second millennium, a lordship was established in the area under the name of Oultrejordain; the oldest evidence of hominid habitation in Jordan dates back at least 200,000 years. Jordan is rich in Paleolithic remains due to its location within the Levant where expansions of hominids out of Africa converged. Past lakeshore environments attracted different hominids, several remains of tools have been found from this period; the world's oldest evidence of bread-making was found in a 14,500 years old Natufian site in Jordan's northeastern desert. The transition from hunter-gatherer to establishing populous agricultural villages occurred during the Neolithic period.'Ain Ghazal, one such village located in today's eastern Amman, is one of the largest known prehistoric settlements in the Near East.
Dozens of plaster statues of the human form dating to 7250 BC were uncovered there and they are among the oldest found. Other than the usual Chalcolithic villages such as Tulaylet Ghassul in the Jordan Valley, a series of circular stone enclosures in the eastern basalt desert−whose purpose remains uncertain–have baffled archaeologists. Fortified towns and urban centers first emerged in the southern Levant early on in the Bronze Age. Wadi Feynan became a regional center for copper extraction, exploited on a large-scale to produce bronze. Trade and movement of people in the Middle East peaked and refining civilizations. Villages in Transjordan expanded in areas with reliable water resources and agricultural land. Ancient Egyptians controlled both banks of the Jordan River. During the Iron Age after the withdrawal of the Egyptians, Transjordan was home to Ammon and Moab, they spoke Semitic languages of the Canaanite group, an
Ad-Dustour is an Arabic daily newspaper published in Jordan. Its headquarters is in Jordan; the first issue of Ad-Dustour was published on 28 March 1967 as a result of a merger of two publications: Filastin and Al Manar published in the West Bank and that had ceased publication in 1967 because of the Six-Day War. The daily was a private company until 1986; the daily has nearly 600 staff. From 1991 to 1995 Musa Keilani served as the editor-in-chief of the paper, its editor was Nabil Sharif until February 2009. Its current editor-in-chief is Mustafa Riyalat. In 1998, the daily went online; the estimated circulation of Ad-Dustour was 40,000 whereas it was 90,000 copies in 2003. The daily contains four or five sections: First Section: for domestic news. Second Section: for international news and economy. Addustour Alriyadi: for international and domestic sport news. Doroob: for miscellaneous news related to health and living styles; the Cultural Section: This section appears every Friday and contains domestic and international cultural events.
Al-Shabab: This section is published every Wednesday, daily during major sport competitions such as FIFA World Cup. It covers weekly domestic, international youth events. List of newspapers in Jordan Official website
Randa Habib is a French journalist of Lebanese origin, who as director of the Amman, bureau of Agence France-Presse, one of the three global news agencies, since 1987, has spent 25 years covering war and economic development in the Middle East. She has reported extensively in Iraq and other areas of conflict and interviewed royalty and leaders throughout the region. Habib has been named director for the Middle East and North Africa for the AFP Foundation as of 1 April 2012. Habib was born in Lebanon, to Farid Habib and Hind Tammer, her father was Lebanon's former ambassador to Yugoslavia, Venezuela and Iraq. Habib earned her high school diploma in Rio de Janeiro, before receiving a bachelor's degree in Administrative and Political studies at the Saint Joseph University in Beirut. While at university, Habib worked at the Lebanese weekly "Magazine" before joining AFP in 1980 and becoming its bureau chief in Amman in 1987, she was Radio Monte Carlo correspondent from 1988 to 2005. In 1996, Habib founded the first Foreign Press Club in Jordan.
She interviewed Jordan's late King Hussein more than 20 times, was granted the first interview with his son King Abdullah II in 1999, less than three weeks after he took power. Habib is on the Board of Directors of the Jordan Media Institute, a non-profit organization that seeks to help enhance journalism in the Middle East. From 1980s to February 2011 she had a column in Jordan Times; until June 2011, she had a column in Ammon News. In 2012, AFP Foundation, a non-profit-making organization set up by AFP to provide training to journalists in developing countries, appointed Habib as its director for the Middle-East and North Africa. In 2001, Habib was awarded by the French president the decoration of "Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Merite", and in July 2008, she was awarded the highest decoration in France, the “Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur”. Habib is the author of book "Hussein and Abdullah: inside the Jordanian Royal family,", printed in London in January 2010; the book's French version was published in November 2007 and Arabic in August 2008.
Habib is married to business consultant Adnan Gharaybeh and the couple has two children and Yara. https://www.amazon.com/Hussein-Abdullah-Inside-Jordanian-Family/dp/0863566847
Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, the country's economic and cultural centre. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman is the administrative centre of the Amman Governorate; the city has a land area of 1,680 square kilometres. Today, Amman is considered to be among the most modernized Arab cities, it is a major tourist destination in the region among Arab and European tourists. The earliest evidence of settlement in Amman is in a Neolithic site known as'Ain Ghazal, where some of the oldest human statues found dating to 7250 BC were uncovered. During the Iron Age, the city was known as Ammon, home to the Kingdom of the Ammonites, it was named Philadelphia during its Greek and Roman periods, was called Amman during the Islamic period. Abandoned for much of the medieval and post-medieval period, modern Amman dates to the late 19th century when Circassian immigrants were settled there by the Ottoman Empire in 1867; the first municipal council was established in 1909. Amman witnessed rapid growth after its designation as Jordan's capital in 1921, after several successive waves of refugees: Palestinians in 1948 and 1967.
It was built on seven hills but now spans over 19 hills combining 27 districts, which are administered by the Greater Amman Municipality headed by its mayor Yousef Shawarbeh. Areas of Amman have gained their names from either the hills or the valleys they occupy, such as Jabal Lweibdeh and Wadi Abdoun. East Amman is predominantly filled with historic sites that host cultural activities, while West Amman is more modern and serves as the economic center of the city. Two million visitors arrived in Amman in 2014, which made it the 93rd most visited city in the world and the 5th most visited Arab city. Amman has a fast growing economy, it is ranked Beta− on the global city index. Moreover, it was named one of the Middle East and North Africa's best cities according to economic, labor and socio-cultural factors; the city is among the most popular locations in the Arab world for multinational corporations to set up their regional offices, alongside Doha and only behind Dubai. It is expected that in the next 10 years these three cities will capture the largest share of multinational corporation activity in the region.
Amman derives its name from the 13th century BC when the Ammonites named it "Rabbath Ammon", with the term Rabbath meaning the "Capital" or the "King's Quarters". Over time, the term "Rabbath" was no longer used and the city became known as "Ammon"; the influence of new civilizations that conquered the city changed its name to "Amman". In the Hebrew Bible, it is referred to as "Rabbat ʿAmmon". However, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Macedonian ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom who reigned from 283 to 246 BC, renamed the city to "Philadelphia" after occupying it; the name was given as an adulation to Philadelphus. The neolithic site of'Ain Ghazal was found in the outskirts of Amman. At its height, around 7000 BC, it was inhabited by ca. 3000 people. At that time the site was a typical aceramic Neolithic village, its houses were rectangular mud-bricked buildings that included a main square living room, whose walls were made up of lime plaster. The site was discovered in 1974. By 1982, when the excavations started, around 600 meters of road ran through the site.
Despite the damage brought by urban expansion, the remains of'Ain Ghazal provided a wealth of information.'Ain Ghazal is well known for a set of small human statues found in 1983, when local archaeologists stumbled upon the edge of a large pit 2.5 meters containing them. These statues are human figures made with white plaster, with painted clothes, in some cases ornamental tattoos. Thirty-two figures were found in two caches, fifteen of them full figures, fifteen busts, two fragmentary heads. Three of the busts were two-headed, the significance of, not clear. In the 13th century BC Amman was the capital of the Ammonites, became known as "Rabbath Ammon". Ammon provided several natural resources to the region, including sandstone and limestone, along with a productive agricultural sector that made Ammon a vital location along the King's Highway, the ancient trade route connecting Egypt with Mesopotamia and Anatolia; as with the Edomites and Moabites, trade along this route gave the Ammonites considerable revenue.
Ammonites worshiped. Excavations by archaeologists near Amman Civil Airport uncovered a temple, which included an altar containing many human bone fragments; the bones showed evidence of burning, which led to the assumption that the altar functioned as a pyre. Today, several Ammonite ruins across Amman exist, such as Qasr Al-Abd, Rujm Al-Malfouf and some parts of the Amman Citadel; the ruins of Rujm Al-Malfouf consist of a stone watchtower used to ensure protection of their capital and several store rooms to the east. The city was conquered by the Assyrian Empire, followed by the Persian Empire. Conquest of the Middle East and Central Asia by Alexander the Great consolidated the influence of Hellenistic culture; the Greeks founded new cities in the area of modern-day Jordan, including Umm Qays and Amman. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Macedonian ruler of Egypt, who occupied and rebuilt the city, na
Assabeel is an Arabic weekly newspaper in Amman, Jordan. The paper was described by a leaked US cable as an Islamist publication. Assabeel was launched by the Muslim Brotherhood members in Jordan in 1993. Editor-in-chief of the paper is Atef Al Joulani; the paper was the continuation of the Brotherhood's official publication Al Ribat. The 2002 circulation of the paper was reported by Saud Abu Mahfuz, general manager of the weekly, to be 17,000; the paper became daily in 2009. List of newspapers in Jordan