Nickelodeon on Sunset
Nickelodeon on Sunset, built by showman Earl Carroll in 1938 as the Earl Carroll Theatre, is a stage facility located at 6230 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. It housed the West Coast production of live-action original series produced for the Nickelodeon cable channel from 1997 until 2017; the theater will be preserved as part of a new development under construction, but a new operator has not yet been named. The Earl Carroll Theatre opened on December 26, 1938, with a lavish revue, “Broadway to Hollywood”, which featured sixty showgirls ascending 100 treads of stairs to a height of 135 feet. Many Hollywood celebrities were in attendance including Marlene Dietrich, Dolores del Rio, the J. L. Warners, Richard Barthelmess, Sally Eilers, Edgar Bergen, Claudette Colbert, Constance Bennett, Errol Flynn, Lili Damita, William Gargan, Jackie Coogan, Betty Grable, Mary Livingstone, Phil Harris, Conrad Nagel, Mary Brian, Darryl Zanuck, David O. Selznick, Norman Krasna; the $1,000 membership fee guaranteed a lifetime cover charge and a reserved seat.:40The building was designed in the Moderne style by architect Gordon Kaufmann.
The interior design is attributed to both Count Alexis de Sakhnoffsky and Frank Don Riha.:37 As he had done at his New York theater, Carroll emblazoned over the entrance the words "Through these portals pass the most beautiful girls in the world". The theater-restaurant accommodated 1,200 diners:39 and offered shows on a massive stage with a 60-foot wide double revolving turntable and staircase and swings that could be lowered from the ceiling; the building's façade was adorned by what at the time was one of Hollywood's most famous landmarks: a 20-foot-high neon head portrait of entertainer Beryl Wallace, one of Earl Carroll's "most beautiful girls in the world", who became his devoted companion. The sign survived several changes of ownership and venue name but was removed during major decorative overhauling in 1968. A re-creation made from photos is today on display at Universal CityWalk, at Universal City, as part of the collection of historic neon signs from the Museum of Neon Art. Another prominent exterior feature was the "Wall of Fame", on which were mounted more than a hundred individual concrete blocks autographed by Hollywood celebrities, including some of the biggest stars of the 1930s and 1940s.
The Moderne-style interior was lavishly decorated with zeon tube lighting and artwork, some of which remains extant. In 1939, Life magazine described the new building: “exhibits an ultramodern, super-streamlined interior with a patent-leather ceiling, 10,000 colored zeon lights, a 15-ft. Statue, an acre of burgundy carpet...” The centerpiece of the foyer was the Goddess of Light, a 15-foot-tall aluminum-covered plaster statue designed by Martin Deutsch. With hands lifted to the ceiling, the statute held a fifty-foot zeon tube that wound its way to the ceiling; the columns in the lobby bar were filled with zeon lamps and zeon stalactites hung from the ceiling in the cabaret. A large painting of Carroll painted by the artist Strandanees hung near the main entrance.:39Later achieving various degrees of fame in films and on television, Jean Spangler, Mara Corday, Yvonne De Carlo, Phyllis Coates, Maila Nurmi, Gloria Pall, Tyra Vaughn, Mamie Van Doren were some of the showgirls who performed there.
The facility was a popular night spot for many of Hollywood's most glamorous stars and powerful film industry moguls such as Darryl Zanuck and Walter Wanger, who sat on the Earl Carroll Theatre's board of governors. The theater was sold following the 1948 deaths of Earl Carroll and Beryl Wallace in the crash of United Airlines Flight 624, it continued to operate but by the early 1950s it was falling on hard times. In 1953, Las Vegas showman Frank Sennes reopened the theater as a nightclub under the name Moulin Rouge; the popular TV contest show Queen for a Day was broadcast from the Moulin Rouge during part of the show's 1956–1964 run. In late 1965 it became the Hullabaloo, a minors-welcome rock and roll club, capitalizing on the popularity of the television variety show Hullabaloo. For several months in 1968 it was the Kaleidoscope and featured many top West Coast rock acts, with an emphasis on local bands such as The Doors. In 1968, the venue was redecorated in the psychedelic art style, renamed the Aquarius Theater, rededicated as the home of a long-running Los Angeles production of the Broadway musical Hair.
It was still sometimes used for rock concerts on Mondays, when the Hair company had its day off, as a result the Aquarius is famous as the place where The Doors performed on July 21 & 22, 1969, making live recordings that were issued commercially. In 1977 it was known as the Longhorn Theatre and has been called the Sunset Boulevard Theatre. In 1983, the Pick-Vanoff Company purchased the property and converted it into a state-of-the-art television theater that for nine years was the taping site of Star Search; the Pick-Vanoff Company owned Sunset-Gower Studios the home of Columbia Pictures. For many years, it was used for the annual Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon. In the fall of 1993, the theater was the venue for Fox Network's The Chevy Chase Show under the name The Chevy Chase Theater; the talk show was cancelled after five weeks. In the mid-1990s, Nickelodeon decided to move production of some live-action series to the West Coast from Nickelodeon Studios in Orlando, Florida at Universal Studios. After scouting soundstages for a year, the network's headlining mover All That spent a year at Paramount Pictures before Nickelodeon obtained a lease for the 6238 Sunset Blvd facility, acquiring the soundstage and rebranding it Nickelodeon on
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually
Nickel Flicks is a children's television series that premiered on Nickelodeon in 1979 as one of the network's inaugural programs. It showcased "cliffhanger" serials from the 1920s–40s, in addition to early comic one-reelers and silent short films, it was hosted by producer John Moschitta, who became famous as the "World's Fastest Talker" in commercials for FedEx. This was Moschitta's first on-camera television role. Nickel Flicks was notably the first Nickelodeon show to be cancelled and the shortest-lived out of Nickelodeon's inaugural series. Since the features on Nickel Flicks had been created prior to the advance of color television, most of the program was presented in black and white; the only exception were the segments featuring Moschitta, which were taped in color at the QUBE studios in Columbus, Ohio. The program aired three times every day from April 1979 until November or December of 1979. Taping finished in July 1979. Nickel Flicks the only show on the network not to last beyond the 1970s and the first Nickelodeon program to end.
Slapstick comedy serials made up the majority of the content on Nickel Flicks. Comic violence, rare in children's programming at the time, was not edited out of most of the films that were shown; the series' executive producer Bill Riley stated that "any violence is either less intense than that found on commercial television or is intended as comedy." Dated suspense films aimed at a family audience were shown as well. The show was not just a showcase but a "public affairs program as well." Moschitta, in his own words, played "a Sydney Greenstreet kind of character in a white suit", wearing a pith helmet or panama hat, sat in a large rattan chair. During Moschitta's host segments, public affairs issues related to the plots or stars of the showcased films were discussed; the Galloping Ghost The Whispering Shadow, starring Bela Lugosi The Mystery Squadron Junior G-Men The following artists' works were featured on the program: Buster Crabbe Tom Mix Roscoe Arbuckle Gene Autry Charlie Chaplin Bela Lugosi Roy Rogers John Wayne Rex the Wonder Horse The Courier-Post described the offerings on Nickel Flicks as "wholesome."
The Philadelphia Inquirer labeled the series "a collection some of the best kids shows from previous years."
Extraterrestrial life called alien life, is life that occurs outside of Earth and that did not originate from Earth. These hypothetical life forms may range from simple prokaryotes to beings with civilizations far more advanced than humanity; the Drake equation speculates about the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. The science of extraterrestrial life in all its forms is known as exobiology. Since the mid-20th century, there has been an ongoing search for signs of extraterrestrial life; this encompasses a search for current and historic extraterrestrial life, a narrower search for extraterrestrial intelligent life. Depending on the category of search, methods range from the analysis of telescope and specimen data to radios used to detect and send communication signals; the concept of extraterrestrial life, extraterrestrial intelligence, has had a major cultural impact, chiefly in works of science fiction. Over the years, science fiction communicated scientific ideas, imagined a wide range of possibilities, influenced public interest in and perspectives of extraterrestrial life.
One shared space is the debate over the wisdom of attempting communication with extraterrestrial intelligence. Some encourage aggressive methods to try for contact with intelligent extraterrestrial life. Others—citing the tendency of technologically advanced human societies to enslave or wipe out less advanced societies—argue that it may be dangerous to call attention to Earth. Alien life, such as microorganisms, has been hypothesized to exist in the Solar System and throughout the universe; this hypothesis relies on consistent physical laws of the observable universe. According to this argument, made by scientists such as Carl Sagan and Stephen Hawking, as well as well-regarded thinkers such as Winston Churchill, it would be improbable for life not to exist somewhere other than Earth; this argument is embodied in the Copernican principle, which states that Earth does not occupy a unique position in the Universe, the mediocrity principle, which states that there is nothing special about life on Earth.
The chemistry of life may have begun shortly after the Big Bang, 13.8 billion years ago, during a habitable epoch when the universe was only 10–17 million years old. Life may have emerged independently at many places throughout the universe. Alternatively, life may have formed less then spread—by meteoroids, for example—between habitable planets in a process called panspermia. In any case, complex organic molecules may have formed in the protoplanetary disk of dust grains surrounding the Sun before the formation of Earth. According to these studies, this process may occur outside Earth on several planets and moons of the Solar System and on planets of other stars. Since the 1950s, scientists have proposed that "habitable zones" around stars are the most places to find life. Numerous discoveries in such zones since 2007 have generated numerical estimates of Earth-like planets —in terms of composition—of many billions; as of 2013, only a few planets have been discovered in these zones. Nonetheless, on 4 November 2013, astronomers reported, based on Kepler space mission data, that there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized planets orbiting in the habitable zones of Sun-like stars and red dwarfs in the Milky Way, 11 billion of which may be orbiting Sun-like stars.
The nearest such planet may be 12 light-years away, according to the scientists. Astrobiologists have considered a "follow the energy" view of potential habitats. A study published in 2017 suggests that due to how complexity evolved in species on Earth, the level of predictability for alien evolution elsewhere would make them look similar to life on our planet. One of the study authors, Sam Levin, notes "Like humans, we predict that they are made-up of a hierarchy of entities, which all cooperate to produce an alien. At each level of the organism there will be mechanisms in place to eliminate conflict, maintain cooperation, keep the organism functioning. We can offer some examples of what these mechanisms will be." There is research in assessing the capacity of life for developing intelligence. It has been suggested that this capacity arises with the number of potential niches a planet contains, that the complexity of life itself is reflected in the information density of planetary environments, which in turn can be computed from its niches.
Biologist David Zeigler has argued that, based on evolutionary convergence from many different ancestral groups on Earth, a worm form is a life form on other life-bearing planets. Life on Earth requires water as a solvent in place. Sufficient quantities of carbon and other elements, along with water, might enable the formation of living organisms on terrestrial planets with a chemical make-up and temperature range similar to that of Earth. More life based on ammonia has been suggested, though this solvent appears less suitable than water, it is conceivable that there are forms of life whose solvent is a liquid hydrocarbon, such as methane, ethane or propane. About 29 chemical elements play an active positive role in living organisms on Earth. About 95% of living matter is built upon only six elements: carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur; these six elements form the basic building blocks of all life on Earth, whereas most of the remaining elements are found only in trace amounts. The unique characteristics of carbon make it unlikely that it could be replaced on another planet, to generate the biochemistry necessary for life.
The carbon atom has the unique ability to make four strong chemical
You Can't Do That on Television
You Can't Do That on Television is a Canadian television program that first aired locally in 1979 before airing internationally in 1981. It featured pre-teen and teenaged actors in a sketch comedy format similar to that of the United States Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and Saturday Night Live; each episode had a specific theme relating to pop culture of the time. During its original run, the show was seen as one and the same with Nickelodeon, achieved high ratings, is most famous for inventing the network's iconic green slime; the show was notable for launching the careers of many performers, including alternative rock singer-songwriter Alanis Morissette, filmmaker Patrick Mills, screenwriter Bill Prady. The show was produced by and aired on Ottawa's CTV station CJOH-TV, was marketed for an American audience. After production ended in 1990, the show continued in reruns on the Nickelodeon cable network in the United States through 1994, when it was replaced with the similar themed sketch-comedy variety program All That.
The show is the subject of the feature-length documentary, You Can't Do That on Film, directed by David Dillehunt, released in North America by Shout! Factory in 2004. You Can't Do That on Television debuted on 3 February 1979 on CJOH-TV in Ottawa as a one-hour low-budget variety program with some segments performed live; the show consisted of comedy skits, music videos and live phone-in contests in which the viewer could win a variety of prizes. The format included performances by local disco dancers and special guests such as British Ottawa-based cartoonist Jim Unger; every week the show took its "Roving Camera" to hangouts around town, recording kids' jokes or complaints about life, which would be played on the following week's broadcast. The show made several tie-ins with Ottawa radio station CFGO a popular Top 40 music outlet, including having one of the station's personalities, Jim Johnson, emcee the disco dance segments and share tidbits about the artists featured in the music videos played on the show, yet the show never took off.
Veteran comedy actor Les Lye played numerous recurring characters and was the only adult to perform in the show's sketches. Actress Abby Hagyard, who played "Mom" opposite Lye's role as "Dad", would not join the cast until 1982; the older children in the cast played adult characters. The show was meant to offer a program for children on Saturday mornings that made no attempt to be an educational program; the idea was successful, as the show scored a 32 share of the ratings for CJOH in its 10:30 a.m. Saturday time slot; the studio masters for the first-season episodes no longer exist, thus all but three of the episodes from this season were believed lost until early 2013, when copies of the missing episodes from that season were contributed by Roger Price and posted on YouTube. After a successful first season, a national network version of the program entitled Whatever Turns You On was produced for CTV and debuted in September 1979; the show's creators shortened it to a half-hour, removed local content, added a laugh track, replaced music videos with live performances from popular Canadian artists at the time, including Trooper, Max Webster, Ian Thomas, Ottawa's own Cooper Brothers, disco singer Alma Faye Brooks.
Ruth Buzzi joined the cast playing many of the adult female characters, which included a strict schoolteacher named Miss Fitt and the studio secretary Miss Take. In addition, twenty-two children from the first season were whittled down to seven: Christine "Moose" McGlade, Lisa Ruddy, Jonothan Gebert, Kevin Somers, Kevin Schenk, Rodney Helal, Marc Baillon; the show was placed in the 7:00 pm time slot on Tuesday nights, which led to poor ratings, some CTV affiliates opted not to carry the show due to content. As a result, CTV cancelled the show in December 1979 after only 13 episodes. In January 1981, production on YCDTOTV resumed, a new batch of episodes aired locally on CJOH through May of that year; the format of the 1981 episodes as aired on CJOH was similar to that of the inaugural 1979 season, but each episode featured skits about a certain topic, the disco dancers were replaced by video game competitions. In the meantime and Darby decided to try to syndicate the show, they edited each 1981 episode into a half-hour format similar to Whatever Turns You On.
Some scenes were re-shot to filter out any Ottawa- or Canada-centric content, the half-hour syndicated edits became sketch comedy. The 1981 season was rerun on CJOH in early 1982 in the half-hour syndicated format; the YCDTOTV team made a pilot film for Disney in 1981 titled Bear Rapids, never picked up. Four of the hour-long CJOH episodes from the 1981 season are available for public viewing on YouTube; the rest are only available in the half-hour edits. In 1981, the new American youth-oriented cable network, took an interest in YCDTOTV. Nickelodeon orig
By the Way (TV series)
By the Way is a children's show that aired on the Nickelodeon channel in 1979 as one of the network's inaugural programs. By the Way aired various live action shorts; the wraparound segments featured a character created for the show named Josie, who would perform various activities, including backpacking and relaxing in the wilderness, while telling jokes or stories. Episodes would end with Josie encouraging viewers to write in to the show. By The Way- Ultra-rare/lost Nickelodeon show from 1979, Intro & Host Segments, last accessed December 29, 2018 on YouTube
Wild & Crazy Kids
Wild & Crazy Kids was an American television game show in which large teams consisting of children, participated in head-to-head physical challenges on Nickelodeon. The show lasted for three seasons from 1990 until 1992 for a total of 65 episodes. Wild & Crazy Kids starred three teenage co-hosts with Omar Gooding and Donnie Jeffcoat, Annette Chavez in season 1 and Jessica Gaynes after. In 2002, a revival was produced which lasted ten episodes and aired on Nickelodeon from July 29 to October 7, 2002, it was hosted by Mati Moralejo of Nickelodeon Sports for Kids. Each episode consisted of three games with one host emceeing each game; the teams were identified by the color of the shirts which varied from show to show. The games varied in style; the show taped special episodes at a theme park such as Raging Waters, Wild Rivers, Six Flags Magic Mountain. The most repeated game was Dizzy Bat Home Run Derby; the game consisted of two teams batting in three innings. The kids would attempt to hit home runs off of pitched balls.
Once the kids had three outs, the adults would bat. During their half-inning, a grownup would have up to three chances to hit home runs off a batting tee. Three adults would bat every half-inning. Donnie Jeffcoat, hosted the game all three times. Three-Legged Soccer, where kids were tied at the ankle like in a three-legged race. Splash Football, where a quarterback Rodney Peete would throw footballs to kids jumping off a diving board and into a pool. Bumper Boat Lacrosse, played in bumper boats. Donkey Basketball, played with kids on donkeys. A giant game of Simon Says which looked more like a comedy routine by Brian Seeman. Red light/Green light, retitled Red Pie/Green Pie, where if a child was caught trying to advance after the call of "red light," they hit them self with a pie. If they reached their goal, they hit one of their parents with the pie. Cops and Robbers played on the set of the Miami Vice Spectacular at Universal Studios Hollywood. A Tug of War pitting three professional wrestlers against a team of kids.
The wrestlers would face-off against a growing number of kids each round, starting at one and going to all fifty kids. Gunk in the Sky Challenge. Players would sit under a large bucket of slop, if they flinched, their opponent got to dump the slime on them. Human Battleship. Mustard-Ketchup Quickdraw. Pass the Bucket. To win a round, a player must either steal the bucket without getting tagged by both opponents or tag a thieving player. Slime by Numbers; the parents had to pick a number, the kid who had the bucket with the number the parent chose got to pour the bucket of slime over the head of the person seated below them. The last parent remaining would move on to the final round. Kids and parents reversed, the last kid not to be slimed got to move on to the last round. In it, the last two players would be seated below two extra large buckets, they would pick a number, the loser was slimed. Slime Dump-Off. Sloppy Word Find. Smelly Slip'n' Slide; the loser would be dumped on with buckets of stewed tomatoes upon finishing.
Other games included. A pilot was shot in 1989, hosted by Matt Brown, Leslie Hibbard and Cory Tyler. During the first and second seasons, there were adult celebrity guests, one of Season 2's final episodes held a kids and teens celebrity slide competition game at Raging Waters in San Dimas, California to raise money for the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation; the entire third season in 1992 featured at least one kid celebrity guest every episode. Guests were people like actor and former bodybuilder Arnold Schwarzenegger, Lark Voorhies from Saved by the Bell, Jonathan Taylor Thomas from Home Improvement, Ashley Johnson from Growing Pains, Michael Fishman from Roseanne. A young Tobey Maguire appeared on the show long before he was famous, promoting the short-lived Fox sitcom Great Sco