California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Bill Orcutt is an American guitarist and composer whose work combines elements of blues and free improvisation. Inspired by seeing Muddy Waters in The Last Waltz, Orcutt began playing the guitar as a teenager in Miami, in 1992, he formed the band Harry Pussy with his wife, Cuban/American drummer and vocalist Adris Hoyos. The group recorded three LPs and toured the US frequently, often in support of bands like Sonic Youth. Their music, which drew from American no wave, hardcore punk and free jazz was influential, in 1997 the band dissolved and the couple divorced. His follow-up release How The Thing Sings was similarly praised, reaching number 3 on NPRs The Best Outer Sound Albums Of 2011. Since 2009, Orcutt has toured often appearing at festivals in the US and Europe, including Hopscotch, Incubate, Le Nouveau Festival du Centre Pompidou, Hardly Strictly Bluegrass and Big Ears. Typically a solo performer, Orcutt has recorded or performed with Loren Mazzacane Connors, Chris Corsano, Peter Brotzmann, untitled A New Way To Pay Old Debts How the Thing Sings A History Of Every One Solo Acoustic Volume Ten Official website Discography Bill Orcutt on Metacritic
Kathleen Hanna is an American singer, artist, feminist activist, pioneer of the feminist punk riot grrrl movement, and punk zine writer. In the early-to mid-1990s she was the singer of feminist punk band Bikini Kill, before fronting Le Tigre in the late 1990s. In 1998, Hanna released a solo album under the name Julie Ruin. A documentary film about Hanna was released in 2013 by director Sini Anderson, titled The Punk Singer, detailing Hannas life and career, Hanna is married to Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys. Hanna as born November 12,1968, in Portland, Oregon, at age four, she moved with her family to Calverton, Maryland, as Hannas father changed occupations, the family moved several more times. Hannas parents divorced, and she returned to Portland where she graduated from Lincoln High School, Hanna first became interested in feminism around the age of nine, after her mother took her to a rally in Washington D. C. where feminist icon Gloria Steinem spoke. Though several years would pass before she became an outspoken feminist, with Hanna eventually referring to herself as a radical feminist, the event left an impression on her.
I used to cut out of it and make posters that said Girls can do anything, and stuff like that. Then she took me to the Solidarity Day thing, and it was the first time I had ever been in a big crowd of women yelling, and it really made me want to do it forever. Yet Hanna and her mothers involvement in the womens movement had to be done quietly in the years before her parents divorce. Hanna has appeared in the documentary Whos Afraid of Kathy Acker, dont Need You, The Herstory of Riot Grrrl is titled after a Bikini Kill song. When she was fifteen years old, Hanna had an abortion that she paid for money she earned while working at McDonalds. After high school, she relocated from Portland to Olympia, Washington to attend The Evergreen State College in the late 1980s, during this time she began working as a stripper to support herself. Working with fellow Evergreen student and photographer Aaron Baush-Greene, she set up an exhibit featuring the pairs photography. The three women formed a band called Amy Carter, which put on shows before the art exhibitions, eventually she abandoned spoken word in favor of music, being inspired by one of her favorite writers, countercultural icon Kathy Acker.
Hanna recalled, In July 2015, Hanna and her band The Julie Ruin returned to Olympia to perform at a party celebrating the opening of the new SafePlace Community Services Center. Later, Hanna started another band called Viva Knievel that toured the United States for two months before disbanding and it meshed feminist ideals with the realities of Hannas daily life. It was meant to inspire more females to join the male-dominated Punk rock scene of the early 1990s, the bands first release for the Kill Rock Stars label was a self-titled EP produced by Ian MacKaye of Fugazi
Mission District, San Francisco
This mission, San Franciscos oldest standing building, is located in the northwest area of the neighborhood. The Mission District is located in east-central San Francisco and it is bordered to the east by U. S. Route 101, which forms the boundary between the eastern portion of the district, known as Inner Mission, and its eastern neighbor, Potrero Hill. Sanchez Street separates the neighborhood from Eureka Valley to the north west, the part of the neighborhood from Valencia Street to Sanchez Street, north of 20th Street, is known as the Mission Dolores neighborhood. South of 20th Street towards 22nd Street, and between Valencia and Dolores Streets is a neighborhood known as Liberty Hill. Cesar Chavez Street is the border, across Cesar Chavez Street is the Bernal Heights neighborhood. North of the Mission District is the South of Market neighborhood, bordered roughly by Duboce Avenue, the principal thoroughfare of the Mission District is Mission Street. South of the Mission District, along Mission Street, are the Excelsior and Crocker-Amazon neighborhoods, the Mission District is part of San Franciscos supervisorial districts 6,9 and 10.
The Mission is often warmer and sunnier than other parts of San Francisco, the Missions geographical location insulates it from the fog and wind from the west. The Mission includes four recognized sub-districts, the northeastern quadrant, adjacent to Potrero Hill is known as a center for high tech startup businesses including some chic bars and restaurants. The northwest quadrant along Dolores Street is famous for Victorian mansions, prior to the arrival of Spanish missionaries, the area which now includes the Mission District was inhabited by the Ohlone people who populated much of the San Francisco bay area. The Yelamu Indians inhabited the region for over 2,000 years, Spanish missionaries arrived in the area during the late 18th century. They found these people living in two villages on Mission Creek and it was here that a Spanish priest named Father Francisco Palóu founded Mission San Francisco de Asis on June 29,1776. The Mission was moved from the shore of Laguna Dolores to its current location in 1783, franciscan friars are reported to have used Ohlone slave labor to complete the Mission in 1791.
This period marked the beginning of the end of the Yelamu culture, the Indian population at Mission Dolores dropped from 400 to 50 between 1833 and 1841. The lands around the abandoned mission church became a focal point of raffish attractions including bull and bear fighting, horse racing, baseball. A famous beer parlor resort known as The Willows was located along Mission Creek just south of 18th Street between Mission Street and San Carlos Street. From 1865 to 1891, a conservatory and zoo known as Woodwards Gardens covered two city blocks bounded by Mission Street, Valencia Street, 13th Street, and 15th Street. During Californias early statehood period, in the 19th and 20th century, large numbers of Irish and settlement intensified after the 1906 earthquake, as many displaced businesses and residents moved into the area, making Mission Street a major commercial thoroughfare
Negativland is an American experimental music band which originated in the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1970s. They took their name from a Neu. track, while their record label is named after another Neu. track, the current core of the band consists of Mark Hosler, David Wills, a. k. a. Negativland has released a number of albums ranging from pure sound collage to more musical expositions and these have mostly been released on their own label, Seeland Records. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, they produced several recordings for SST Records, most notably Escape from Noise, Helter Stupid, Negativland were sued by the band U2s record label, Island Records, and by SST Records, which brought them widespread publicity and notoriety. Negativland started in Concord, California, in 1979 around the founding members of Lyons and Hosler. Vinyl copies of the album came with CAR BOMB bumper stickers, following the somewhat unexpected success of this album, Negativland faced the prospect of going on a money-losing tour in 1988.
The press release went on to deny the purported connection between Negativland and the murders. While Brom had in fact argued with his father about music shortly before Brom killed his family, the claim that Broms crimes were inspired by Negativland was disseminated and discussed in the mass media, seemingly with little to no fact-checking. Soon the world was informed of the Killer Song that caused a kid to murder his parents with an ax, Negativlands next project was the U2 EP, with samples from American Top 40 host Casey Kasem. In 1991, Negativland released a single with the title U2 displayed in large type on the front of the packaging. An image of the Lockheed U-2 spy plane was on the single cover, the songs within were parodies of the group U2s well-known 1987 song, I Still Havent Found What Im Looking For, including kazoos and extensive sampling of the original song. One of Kasems milder comments was These guys are from England, U2s label Island Records quickly sued Negativland, claiming that placing the word U2 on the cover violated trademark law, as did the song itself.
Sirius, publisher of the magazine Mondo 2000, came up with an interesting idea, unbeknownst to Edge, decided to have his friends Joyce and Hosler of Negativland conduct the interview. Midway through the interview and Hosler revealed their identities as members of Negativland, in August 2007, Joyce provided an audio cassette copy of the Mondo 2000 interview with Evans to the U2 fan website U2Interview. com. The interview is available from this website. The U2 single was re-released in 2001 on an album entitled These Guys Are from England and Who Gives a Shit. Negativland are interested in property rights, and argue that their use of U2s. In 1995, they released a book, with accompanying CD, called Fair Use, The Story of the Letter U, an unfortunate side effect of the Negativland-Island lawsuit was another one brought on between Negativland and SST, which served to sever all remaining ties the two had
Barry McGee is a painter and graffiti artist. He is known by such as Ray Fong, Lydia Fong, Bernon Vernon, P. Kin, Ray Virgil and further variations of Twist, such as Twister, Twisto. McGee graduated from El Camino High School in South San Francisco and he graduated from the San Francisco Art Institute in 1991 with a concentration in painting and printmaking. McGee rose out of the Mission School art movement and graffiti boom in the San Francisco Bay Area during the early nineties, McGees paintings are very iconic, with central figures dominating abstracted backgrounds of drips and color fields. He has painted portraits of characters on their own empty bottles of liquor, painted flattened spray cans picked up at train yards. McGee has had shows in many kinds of galleries and was an artist in residence at inner-city McClymonds High School in Oakland. He was married to the artist Margaret Kilgallen, who died of cancer in 2001, the couple has a daughter named Asha. The market value of his work rose considerably after 2001 as a result of his being included in the Venice Biennale, as a result, much of his San Francisco street art has been scavenged or stolen.
Barry McGee the Buddy System exhibits at Deitch in NY, March 20,1999 — April 24,1999 Barry McGee HOSS exhibits at Rice Gallery in Houston, Texas. From September 16 through October 24,1999 McGees work was included in the 2001 Venice Biennale, Barry McGee exhibits at Gallery Paule Anglim in San Francisco, CA –View Examples of Artwork Barry McGee solo exhibition at Rose Art Museum in Waltham, MA. Barry Mcgee featured in Beautiful Losers exhibition at Circleculture Gallery in Berlin, february 13 – March 6,2006. Barry McGee LOFT installation at Roberts & Tilton Gallery Los Angeles, dec.2,2006 – Feb 3,2007. Barry McGee solo exhibits at Watari-um Museum in Tokyo, Japan Jun 2 -Sept 30,2007, Barry McGee solo exhibits at BALTIC Centre in UK. January 21 – April 27,2008, Barry McGee and Clare Rojas exhibition The Big Sad at Riverside Art Museum, Riverside, CA. 2008 Life on Mars, the 2008 Carnegie International Barry McGee solo exhibition at Ratio 3 in San Francisco, September 5 – October 18,2008. Barry McGee exhibits at McGee / Templeton / Pettibon exhibition curated by Aaron Rose at Circleculture Gallery in Berlin, 2009–2010 Biennale de Lyon, France Barry McGee and HuskMitNavn exhibition The Last Night at A. L. I. C. E.
March 25 – April 28,2010, Barry McGee Retrospective at the Berkeley Art Museum. 2012 McGee was highly influential on the art scene that followed in his wake
Jello Biafra is the former lead singer and songwriter for the San Francisco punk rock band Dead Kennedys. He is currently both a musician and spoken word artist, after he left the Dead Kennedys, he took over the influential independent record label Alternative Tentacles, which he had co-founded in 1979 with Dead Kennedys bandmate East Bay Ray. Although now focused primarily on spoken word, he has continued as a musician in numerous collaborations, Biafra is a member of the Green Party of the United States and actively supports various political causes. He ran for the partys Presidential nomination in 2000, finishing a distant second to Ralph Nader and he is a staunch believer in a free society, and utilizes shock value and advocates direct action and pranksterism in the name of political causes. Biafra is known to use absurdist media tactics, in the leftist tradition of the Yippies, to issues of civil rights. Eric Boucher was born in Boulder, the son of Virginia, a librarian, and Stanley Wayne Boucher and he had a sister, Julie J.
Boucher, the Associate Director of the Library Research Service at the Colorado State Library. As a child, Eric Boucher developed an interest in politics that was encouraged by his parents. An avid news watcher, one of his earliest memories was of the John F. Kennedy assassination, Biafra says he has been a fan of rock music since first hearing it in 1965, when his parents accidentally tuned in to a rock radio station. Boucher was informed by his school guidance counselor that he should be spending his high school years preparing to become a dental hygienist. He began his career in music in January 1977 as a roadie for the rock band The Ravers. The Healers became infamous locally for their mainly improvised lyrics and avant garde music, in the autumn of that year, he began attending the University of California, Santa Cruz. In June 1978, he responded to an advertisement placed in a store by guitarist East Bay Ray, stating Guitarist wants to form punk band, and together they formed the Dead Kennedys.
He began performing with the band under the stage name Occupant, but soon began to use his current stage name, a combination of the brand name Jell-O and the short-lived African state Biafra. Biafra wrote the lyrics, most of which were political in nature and displayed a sardonic, sometimes absurdist. In the tradition of UK anarcho-punk bands like Crass, the Dead Kennedys were one of the first US punk bands to write politically themed songs, the lyrics Biafra wrote helped popularize the use of humorous lyrics in hardcore. Biafra cites Joey Ramone as the inspiration for his use of humor in his songs, noting in particular songs by The Ramones such as Beat on the Brat, Biafra sang his riffs and melodies into a tape recorder, which he brought to the bands rehearsal and/or recording sessions. This became a problem when the members of the Dead Kennedys sued Biafra over royalties. Biafras first popular song was the first single by the Dead Kennedys, the song, which spoofed California governor Jerry Brown, was the first of many political songs by the group and Biafra
Sapphire is a gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide. It is typically blue in color, but natural fancy sapphires occur in yellow, orange, the only color which sapphire cannot be is red - as red colored corundum is called ruby, another corundum variety. This variety in color is due to amounts of elements such as iron, chromium, copper. Commonly, natural sapphires are cut and polished into gemstones and worn in jewelry and they may be created synthetically in laboratories for industrial or decorative purposes in large crystal boules. Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the gem of the 45th anniversary, a sapphire jubilee occurs after 65 years. Sapphire is one of the two gem-varieties of corundum, the other being ruby, although blue is the best-known sapphire color, they occur in other colors, including gray and black, and they can be colorless. A a pinkish orange variety of sapphire is called padparadscha, significant sapphire deposits are found in Eastern Australia, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, East Africa, and in North America in a few locations, mostly in Montana.
Sapphire and rubies are often found in the geological setting. Every sapphire mine produces a range of quality - and origin is not a guarantee of quality. For sapphire, Kashmir receives the highest premium although Burma, Sri Lanka, the cost of natural sapphires varies depending on their color, size and overall quality. For gems of exceptional quality, an independent determination from a respected laboratory such as the GIA, gemstone color can be described in terms of hue and tone. Hue is commonly understood as the color of the gemstone, saturation refers to the vividness or brightness of the hue, and tone is the lightness to darkness of the hue. Blue sapphire exists in various mixtures of its primary and secondary hues, various tonal levels, blue sapphires are evaluated based upon the purity of their primary hue. Purple and green are the most common secondary hues found in blue sapphires and purple can contribute to the overall beauty of the color, while green is considered to be distinctly negative.
Blue sapphires with up to 15% violet or purple are generally said to be of fine quality, gray is the normal saturation modifier or mask found in blue sapphires. Gray reduces the saturation or brightness of the hue, and therefore has a negative effect. The 423-carat Logan sapphire in the National Museum of Natural History, in Washington, sapphires in colors other than blue are called fancy or parti colored sapphires. Fancy sapphires are found in yellow, green sapphires, purple
Nayland Blake is an artist whose mixed-media work has been variously described as disturbing, elusive, sinister, hysterical and tender. Among his most famous pieces are a log cabin made of gingerbread squares fitted to a steel frame entitled Feeder 2. Another well-known work is Starting Over, a video of the artist dancing with taps on his shoes in a suit made to weigh the same as his lover. The suit was so heavy that Blake could hardly move as he took choreographic directions from Horvitz offstage, Gorge is a video of the artist sitting shirtless being hand fed an enormous amount of food for an hour by a shirtless black man from behind. In 2009, a version of Gorge was staged in which audience members fed Blake. His work often incorporates themes of masochism, Gorge follows two other major threads of Blake’s work, his biracial heritage—the artist’s father was black—and his pansexuality. Maura Riley curated a retrospective of 30 years of Blakes art and his work is in the collections of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Walker Art Center, and the Des Moines Art Center, among others.
He is represented by the Matthew Marks Gallery, and lives, yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco Nayland Blake, Some Kind of Love, Performance Video 1989-2002, Center for Art and Visual Culture, University of Maryland, Baltimore. Traveled to The Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Museum of Modern Art, New York. Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, di Rosa Artists blog Blake and Dennis Cooper. Jerk, Fiction by Dennis Cooper with Art by Nayland Blake, Nayland Blake at Matthew Marks Artists website
Trevor Paglen is an American artist and author whose work tackles mass surveillance and data collection. In 2016, he won the Deutsche Börse Photography Foundation Prize, Paglen has published a number of books. Torture Taxi, was the first book to describe the CIAs extraordinary rendition program. I Could Tell You But Then You Would Have to be Destroyed by Me, is a look at the world of black projects through unit patches and memorabilia created for top-secret programs. Blank Spots on the Map, The Dark Geography of the Pentagons Secret World is a look at secrecy in the United States. The Last Pictures is a collection of 100 images to be placed on permanent media and launched into space on EchoStar XVI and he was an Eyebeam Commissioned Artist in 2007. Paglen is featured in the nerd culture documentary Traceroute, I Could Tell You But Then You Would Have to be Destroyed by Me. Blank Spots on the Map, The Dark Geography of the Pentagons Secret World, Covert Operations and Classified Landscapes, Photographs by Trevor Paglen.
With an essay by Rebecca Solnit, brooklyn, NY, Melville House Publishing,2006. Experimental Geography - Radical Approaches to Landscape and Urbanism, with essays by Paglen and Jeffrey Kastner. Trevor Paglen and Jacob Appelbaum - Autonomy Cube, essays by Luke Skrebowski and Keller Easterling on Autonomy Cube, a piece of sculpture by Paglen and Jacob Appelbaum. Paglen has shown photography and other visual works, still Revolution, Suspended in Time, Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, May–June 2009. Group exhibition with Paglen, Barbara Astman, Walead Beshty, Mat Collishaw, Stan Douglas, Idris Khan, Martha Rosler, sculpture by Paglen and Jacob Appelbaum. Deutsche Börse Photography Foundation Prize 2016, The Photographers Gallery, Deutsche Börse Photography Prize shortlist with Paglen, Erik Kessels, Laura El-Tantawy, and Tobias Zielony. The 2009 book Experimental Geography, Radical Approaches to Landscape, Experimental Geography, Radical Approaches to Landscape and Urbanism (Melville House Publishing,2009, ISBN 978-0-09-163658-6 Perini, Julie.
Art as Intervention, A Guide to Todays Radical Art Practices, uses of a Whirlwind, Movement and Contemporary Radical Currents in the United States. Official website April 2009 interview with Trevor Paglen, Trevor Paglens appearance on the Colbert Report from April 7. Trevor Paglen and Jacob Appelbaum Bomb