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The Last Temptation of Christ (film)

The Last Temptation of Christ is a 1988 epic religious drama film directed by Martin Scorsese. Written by Paul Schrader with uncredited rewrites from Scorsese and Jay Cocks, the film is an adaptation of Nikos Kazantzakis' controversial 1955 novel of the same name; the film, starring Willem Dafoe, Harvey Keitel, Barbara Hershey, Andre Gregory, Harry Dean Stanton and David Bowie, was shot in Morocco. Like the novel, the film depicts the life of Jesus Christ and his struggle with various forms of temptation including fear, depression and lust; this results in the book and film depicting Christ being tempted by imagining himself engaged in sexual activities, a notion that has caused outrage from some Christians. The film includes a disclaimer stating "This film is not based on the Gospels, but upon the fictional exploration of the eternal spiritual conflict."Like the novel it was based on, the film generated controversy at the time of its release from Christian religious groups, who took issue with its departures from the gospel narratives contained in it.

Although a box office failure, it received positive reviews from critics and some religious leaders upon its release and Scorsese received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Director. Hershey's performance as Mary Magdalene earned her a nomination for the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress. Peter Gabriel's music score received acclaim, including a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score. Jesus of Nazareth is a carpenter in Roman-occupied Judea, torn between his own desires and his knowledge that God has a plan for him, his conflict results in self-loathing, he collaborates with the Romans to crucify Jewish rebels. Judas Iscariot, a friend of Jesus' sent to kill him for collaboration, instead suspects that Jesus is the Messiah and asks him to lead a liberation war against the Romans. Jesus replies. Jesus has an undisclosed prior relationship with Mary Magdalene, a Jewish prostitute. After saving Mary Magdalene from a mob gathered to stone her for prostitution and working on the sabbath, Jesus starts preaching.

He remains uncertain of his role. He visits John the Baptist, who baptizes him, the two discuss theology and politics. John's primary goal is to gain freedom from the Romans, while Jesus maintains people should tend to matters of the spirit. Jesus goes into the desert to test God's connection to himself, where he is tempted by Satan, but resists and envisions himself with an axe, being instructed by John the Baptist in answer to Jesus's dilemma of whether to choose the path of love or the path of violence. Jesus returns from the desert to the home of Martha and Mary of Bethany, who restore him to health and attempt to persuade him that the way to please God is to have a home, a marriage, children. Jesus appears to his waiting disciples to tear out his own heart and invites them to follow him. With newfound confidence he raises Lazarus from the dead, his ministry reaches Jerusalem, where Jesus performs the Cleansing of the Temple and leads a small army to capture the temple by force, but halts on the steps to await a sign from God.

He begins bleeding from his hands, which he recognizes as a sign that he must die on the cross to bring salvation to mankind. Confiding in Judas, he persuades the latter to give him to the Romans, despite Judas's inclination otherwise. Jesus convenes his disciples for Passover seder, whereupon Judas leads a contingent of soldiers to arrest Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane. Jesus turns himself over. Pontius Pilate confronts Jesus and tells him that he must be put to death because he represents a threat to the Roman Empire. Jesus is flogged, a crown of thorns is placed on his head and he is crucified. While on the cross, Jesus converses with a young girl, she tells him that although he is the Son of God, he is not the Messiah, that God is pleased with him, wants him to be happy. She brings him down off the cross and, invisible to others, takes him to Mary Magdalene, whom he marries, they are soon living an idyllic life. He starts a family with them, having many children, lives his life in peace. Many years Jesus encounters the apostle Paul preaching about the Messiah, telling stories of Jesus's resurrection and ascension to heaven.

Jesus tries to tell Paul that he is the man about whom Paul has been preaching, argues that salvation cannot be founded on lies. But Paul is unmoved, saying that if his message is not the truth, it is what the world needs to hear, nothing will stop him from proclaiming it. Near the end of his life, an elderly Jesus calls his former disciples to his bed. Peter, a scarred John visit their master as Jerusalem is in the throes of the Jewish Rebellion against the Romans. Judas comes last and reveals that the youthful angel who released Jesus from the crucifixion is in fact Satan. Crawling back through the burning city of Jerusalem, Jesus reaches the site of his crucifixion and begs God to let him fulfill his purpose and to "let him be God's son." Jesus finds himself on the cross once more, having overcome the "last temptation" of escaping death, being married and raising a family, the ensuing disaster that would have encompassed mankind. Naked and bloody, Jesus cries out in intense emotion as he dies, "It is accomplished!", in realization that he has saved the

North Gate University

North Gate University is a public university being constructed on the outskirts of Kigali in Rwanda. Its creation was approved by a legislative act in Rwandan parliament in 2011, it is being constructed to handle 10,000 students from across the East Africa region, its capacity expected to increase to 50,000 in 15 years. Construction of the University is being funded by the oversubscribed Euro bond sale in Rwanda, donations from the East African community at large, the Africa development bank, the United Nations Development Programme, USAID; the University's curriculum is being developed in collaboration with the University of Nairobi, University of Dar es Salaam, Makerere University. North Gate University is located about 5 kilometres north of Butare Town; the campus will include education facilities, housing facilities for both faculty and staff and a forest. It will be connected by railway to Kigali and neighboring countries Tanzania and Burundi The campus is divided into two parts. There is the University Centre where the library, departmental offices, examination centre and resource centre are located, consisting of lecture theaters and labs.

Faculty of Agriculture Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Institute of Anthropology Institute of Diplomacy And International Studies Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology School of Medicine School of Biological Sciences School of Business School of Continuing And Distance learning School of Dental Sciences School of Economics School of Engineering School of Mathematics School of Nursing Sciences School of Pharmacy School of Physical Sciences School of the Arts And Design School of the Built Environment Board of Post Graduate Studies Center For International Programmes & Links North Gate University upon completion will have ten halls of residence, four of which houses female students. Off-campus housing will be encouraged as Kigali-Butare Township will be able to provide affordable alternate options. Transport will be provided by the school to and from Kigali. Off-campus accommodation near the school will be available as private developers are investing hugely near the school. Campus meals will be served by a few approved off-campus food joints.

A multipurpose students' centre is under construction for students to socialise, watch TV and play pool. Sports facilities will include rugby and football fields. Official website

List of English football transfers winter 2016–17

The 2016–17 winter transfer window for English football transfers opened on 1 January and closes on 1 February. Additionally, players without a club may join at any time, non-League clubs may sign players on loan at any time, clubs may sign a goalkeeper on an emergency loan if they have no registered goalkeeper available; this list includes transfers featuring at least one Premier League or Football League Championship club which were completed after the end of the summer 2016 transfer window and before the end of the 2016–17 winter window. The transfer window is open for all clubs, whereas when the transfer window closes, no transfers can take place. 1 February 2017 is the transfer deadline day. All clubs without a flag are English. Note that while Cardiff City, Swansea City, Newport County and Wrexham are affiliated with the Football Association of Wales and thus take the Welsh flag, they play in the English football league system, so their transfers are included here. Guernsey, who play in the English league system, are affiliated with the Guernsey Football Association but, as this is treated as a County Football Association, the club does not require a flag.

A Player joined his club on 1 January 2017. B Player joined his club on 2 January 2017. C Player joined his club on 3 January 2017. D Deal was cancelled due to EFL rules. E Player will joined his club new club at the end of the season. "Transfers - September to December 2016". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 30 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016. "Transfers - January 2017". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017

Sonoma Valley AVA

The Sonoma Valley AVA is an American Viticultural Area in Sonoma County, United States which centers on the Sonoma Valley in the southern portion of the county. The appellation is bordered by two mountain ranges: the Mayacamas Mountains to the east and the Sonoma Mountains to the west. Sonoma Valley has played a significant role in the history of California wine; the first vineyards in the valley were planted by Franciscan friars at Mission San Francisco Solano in 1823. In 1857, Agoston Haraszthy established one of California's first successful commercial wineries here when he founded Buena Vista Winery. By 1920, there were 256 wineries in Sonoma Valley with more than 20,000 acres planted to grape vines. Prohibition affected Sonoma Valley as hard as any other wine region in California, most wineries were unable to continue operating. Recovery after the repeal of Prohibition in 1933 was slow. In 1969, there were only 58 bonded wineries in Sonoma Valley; the wine industry in the valley began to expand in the 1970s and 1980s.

Official boundaries for the Sonoma Valley wine region were codified into federal law in 1981 as the eighth designated American Viticultural Area. By 2005, there were 254 wineries, over 65,000 acres under vine; the wine industry annually contributes over $8 billion USD to the local economy. The area is known for its unique terroir with Sonoma Mountain protecting the area from the wet and cool influence of the nearby Pacific Ocean; the Sonoma Mountains to the west help protect the valley from excessive rainfall. The cool air that does affect the region comes northward from San Pablo Bay through the Los Carneros region and southward from the Santa Rosa Plain. Sonoma County wine Official website

Treaty on the Creation of the USSR

The Treaty on the Creation of the USSR created the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics known as the Soviet Union. It de jure legalised a union of several Soviet republics that had existed since 1919 and created a new centralised federal government where key functions were centralised in Moscow; the Treaty along with the Declaration of the Creation of the USSR was approved on 30 December 1922 by a conference of delegations from the Russian SFSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian SSR. The Treaty and the Declaration were confirmed by the 1st Congress of Soviets of the USSR and signed by heads of delegations – Mikhail Kalinin, Mikhail Tskhakaya, Mikhail Frunze and Grigory Petrovsky, Aleksandr Chervyakov on December 30, 1922; the treaty provided flexibility to admit new members. Therefore, by 1940 the Soviet Union grew from the founding four republics to 15 republics. On 8 December 1991, Russian and Belarusian Presidents signed the Belovezha Accords; the agreement declared dissolution of the USSR by its founder states and established the CIS.

On 10 December, the accord was ratified by the Ukrainian and Belarusian parliaments. On 12 December, the agreement was ratified by the Russian Parliament, therefore the Russian SFSR renounced the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and de facto declared Russia's independence from the USSR. On 26 December 1991, the USSR was self-dissolved by the Council of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, the first house of Soviet legislature; the Treaty was a result of many internal political conflicts within the Bolshevik Party and governments inside the Union. Vladimir Lenin did not see that Russia's October Revolution would end all foreign borders as such; this view was supported by Leon Trotsky and his followers, who believed that Russia was only a first step in a future world revolution. However, as the Red Army approached former internal national and foreign borders, it needed an excuse to cross them. One such method was a creation of an alternative government, a Soviet Republic, that would take over authority as the Red Army ousted the existing government.

This was the case with Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan and failed campaigns such as in the Baltic States and Poland. Alternatively it would use the presence of a minority to undermine the standing army, where there was no national minority, a government based on geographical locale – Far Eastern Republic, Turkestan. However, the Red Army's ultimate failure in the Polish campaign placed the Bolshevik World Revolution plans on hold; the growing figure of Joseph Stalin pursued a different agenda. Lenin himself saw the creation of national republics as a permanent feature in line with his korenizatsiya policies. In spring of 1922, Lenin suffered his first stroke, Stalin, still being a People's Commissar for Nationalities gained a new official chair as the General Secretary of the Communist Party. Stalin argued that now that the Russian Civil War had concluded and that war communism was now replaced by the New Economic Policy, it required a country whose legal de jure framework would match its de facto one, re-organising the Bolshevik state into a single sovereign entity.

This included restoring supreme rule to Moscow. This line went directly in conflict with both proponents of korenizatsiya and some of the local governments, most notably in Ukraine and Georgia, thus the treaty can be viewed as a compromise between the different groups within the Bolshevik camp, to satisfy the aspirations of large minorities and to allow for potential expansion, as well. Byelorussia was the smallest republic, yet its official languages included Polish and Yiddish in addition to Russian and Belarusian to undermine the authority of the neighbouring Second Polish Republic and to use its sizeable Jewish minority, as well as the Belarusians and Ukrainians in Poland as a future fifth column. At the same time, it created a new centralised federal government where key functions would be in the hands of Moscow. 30 September 1920, Military and Economical Union Treaty 28 December 1920, Workers-Peasant Union Treaty 16 January 1921, Workers-Peasant Union Treaty The original document included a cover sheet, the declaration, the treaty and the signatures of the delegations that signed it.

In the cover sheet, the title Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was typed in Russian, French and German, as well as the actual words Treaty on the Formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in those four languages. It contained the original state emblem of the Soviet Union; the declaration was written as a reflection on contemporary international relations and why the treaty was necessary. According to the narrative, there are now two distinct camps, an "exploiting" capitalist with colonialism and social and ethnic inequalities and a "free" socialist one with mutual trust and international cooperation and solidarity; the former sought to destroy the latter, but because of the common good that the latter is based on, the former has failed. The declaration goes on and lists three factors as to why this Union is a necess


Shankargarh is a town and a nagar panchayat in Allahabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. During the British Raj, it was known as Kasuta Shankargarh Bara Rajya. Raja Kamlakar Singh was most known among all the emperors of the region because of a landmark established by him, the Raja Kamlakar Inter College. On in 2000, Raja Kamlakar Degree College was established by Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh; these two landmarks leading the education in the area. As of 2011 Indian Census, Shankargarh had a total population of 17,785, of which 9,343 were males and 8,442 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 2,712; the total number of literates in Shankargarh was 11,442, which constituted 64.3% of the population with male literacy of 69.8% and female literacy of 58.3%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Shankargarh was 75.9%, of which male literacy rate was 83.2% and female literacy rate was 68.0%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 107 respectively.

Shankargarh had 3095 households in 2011. As of 2001 the India census, Shankargarh had a population of 13,116. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Shankargarh has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, female literacy is 52%. In Shankargarh, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age; the main occupation of the local population is mining activity and stone quarrying, as the land is not fertile. The Raja of Shankargarh has mining rights over 46 villages in perpetuity, gives the rights to contractors who in turn hire local labourers to extract minerals. Indian cave art saved from the wreckers from The Times online dated 2002-10-31