The Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune is a daily newspaper published Mondays through Saturdays in Chillicothe, United States. It is owned by GateHouse Media. Founded in 1860 as the weekly Chillicothe Constitution, the paper has been published daily since 1889, under its current name since 1930; the newspaper publishes C-T X-Tra, a free shopper, MyChiliMo, a free monthly collection of reader-submitted articles and photographs. The weekly Chillicothe Constitution was founded in 1860 as a Democratic-leaning newspaper; the Tribune, a Republican-leaning newspaper, was founded in 1868. In the 1880s the Watkins family became publishers of the Constitution; the two newspapers consolidated March 1, 1928. The Watkins family solid it in April 1972 to Inland Industries, Inc. of Lenexa and Smith-Walls Newspapers, Inc. of Fort Payne, Alabama. Clarence Edwin Watkins served as the publisher until his death in 1944. Rod Dixon is the current publisher and Catherine Stortz Ripley is the current editor; the newspaper is owned by GateHouse Media.
Jerry Litton visited the newspaper offices about 8:30 p.m. on August 3, 1976, to check results of the election in which he had won the Democratic primary for U. S. Senate, en route to a victory party in Kansas City, he was killed about a half-hour during an airplane takeoff at the Chillicothe airport. On Christmas Day in 1930, a fire broke out in the office of Dr. Oma Dye, located above the newspaper offices. According to the December 26, 1930, edition of the paper, two patrons were leaving a nearby theater when they saw smoke coming from the building; as the fire department was arriving on the scene Chillicothe Mayor Harry Pardonner, a fireman, was thrown from the truck as the ladder broke free and swung. According to the paper the mayor would be confined to bed for several days; the doctor's office was a total loss while the newspaper offices were damaged by water "putting all of the machinery in the shop out of commission and spoiling the supply of print paper on hand." The newspaper's publishers assured their readers that every effort had been made to get that day's edition out via the old method of "setting the type by hand."
Terri Leifeste, current R. Douglas Pearson Jr. 1972 - 1980 Clarence Edwin Watkins,? through 1944 Official website
The New York Times Company
The New York Times Company is an American mass media company which publishes its namesake newspaper, The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. has served as chairman since 1997. It is headquartered in New York; the company was founded by Henry Jarvis George Jones in New York City. The first edition of the newspaper The New York Times, published on September 18, 1851, stated: "We publish today the first issue of the New-York Daily Times, we intend to issue it every morning for infinite years to come."The company moved into the cable channel industry purchasing a 40% interest in the Popcorn Channel, a theatrical movie preview and local movie times, in November 1994. The company completed its purchase of The Washington Post's 50 percent interest in the International Herald Tribune for US$65 million on January 1, 2003, becoming the sole owner. On March 18, 2005, the company acquired About.com, an online provider of consumer information for US$410 million. In 2005, the company reported revenues of US$3.4 billion to its investors.
The Times, on August 25, 2006, acquired Baseline StudioSystems, an online database and research service on the film and television industries for US$35 million. The company announced on September 12, 2006, its decision to sell its Broadcast Media Group, consisting of "nine network-affiliated television stations, their related Web sites and the digital operating center"; the New York Times reported on January 4, 2007, that the company had reached an agreement to sell all nine local television stations to the private equity firm Oak Hill Capital Partners, which created a holding company for the stations, Local TV LLC. The company announced that it had finalized the sale of its Broadcast Media Group on May 7, 2007, for "approximately $575 million"; the company moved from 229 West 43rd Street to The New York Times Building at 620 Eighth Avenue, on the west side of Times Square, between 40th and 41st streets across from the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey Bus Terminal. On July 14, 2009, the company announced that WQXR was to be sold to WNYC, which moved the station to 105.9 FM and began to operate the station as non-commercial on October 8, 2009.
This US$45 million transaction, which involved Univision Radio's WCAA moving to the 96.3 FM frequency from 105.9 FM, ended the Times' 65-year-long ownership of the station. In December 2011, the company sold its Regional Media Group to Halifax Media Group, owners of The Daytona Beach News-Journal, for $143 million; the Boston Globe and The Telegram & Gazette of Worcester were not part of the sale. In 2011, the Times sold Baseline StudioSystems back to its original owners, Laurie S. Silvers and Mitchell Rubenstein, majority shareholders of Project Hollywood LLC. Facing falling revenue from print advertising in its flagship publication in 2011, The New York Times, the company introduced a paywall to its website; as of 2012, it has been modestly successful, garnering several hundred thousand subscriptions and about $100 million in annual revenue. In 2013, the New York Times Company sold The Boston Globe and other New England media properties to John W. Henry, the principal owner of the Boston Red Sox.
According to the Times Company, the move was made in order to focus more on its core brands. The paper bought AM radio station WQXR in 1944, its "sister" FM station, WQXQ, would become WQXR-FM. Branded as "The Radio Stations of The New York Times", its classical music radio format was simulcast on both the AM & FM frequencies until December 1992, when the big-band and pop standards music format of station WNEW was transferred to and adopted by WQXR. By 1999, The New York Times was leasing WQEW to ABC Radio for its "Radio Disney" format. In 2007, WQEW was purchased by Disney. On July 14, 2009, it was announced that WQXR-FM would be sold to the WNYC radio group who, on October 8, 2009, moved the station from 96.3 to 105.9 MHz and began operating it as a non-commercial, public radio station. After the purchase, WQXR-FM retained the classical music format, whereas WNYC-FM abandoned it, switching to a talk radio format. Alongside its namesake newspaper, the company owns the New York Times International Edition and their related digital properties including NYTimes.com, as well as various brand-related properties.
Since 1967, the company has been listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol NYT. Of the two categories of stock, Class A and Class B, the former is publicly traded and the latter is held privately—largely by the descendants of Adolph Ochs, who purchased The New York Times newspaper in 1896. On January 20, 2009, The New York Times reported that its parent company, The New York Times Company, had reached an agreement to borrow $250 million from Carlos Slim, a Mexican billionaire "to help the newspaper company finance its businesses"; the New York Times Company repaid that loan ahead of schedule. Since Slim has bought large quantities of the company's Class A shares, which are available for purchase by the public and offer less control over the company than Class B shares, which are held. Slim's investments in the company included large purchases of Class A shares in 2011, when he increased his stake in the company to 8.1% of Class A shares, again in 2015, when he exercised stock options—acquired as part of a repayment plan on the 2009 loan—to purchase 15.9 million Class A shares, making him the largest sha
The Newseum is an interactive museum that promotes free expression and the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, while tracing the evolution of communication. The seven-level, 250,000-square-foot museum is located in Washington, D. C. and features fifteen theaters and fifteen galleries. Its Berlin Wall Gallery includes the largest display of sections of the wall outside Germany; the Today's Front Pages Gallery presents daily front pages from more than 80 international newspapers. Other galleries present topics including the First Amendment, world press freedom, news history, the September 11 attacks, the history of the Internet, TV, radio, it opened at its first location in Rosslyn, Virginia, on April 18, 1997, on April 11, 2008, it opened in its current location. The Newseum is a popular destination, attracting more than 815,000 visitors a year, its television studios host news broadcasts; the adult admission fee in 2017 was $26.38. Despite such high admission fees, it has seen years of financial losses.
In February 2018, these losses led to an exploration of selling its building or moving to another location. In January 2019, the Freedom Forum announced that The Johns Hopkins University would purchase the building for $372.5 million in order to use the space for several graduate programs. Freedom Forum is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 by Al Neuharth, based on the previous Gannett Foundation. Freedom Forum opened the Newseum in Arlington, Virginia, in 1997. Prior to opening in Virginia, it maintained exhibition galleries in Nashville and Manhattan, the latter in the lobby of the former IBM Building at 580 Madison Avenue. In 2000, Freedom Forum decided to move the museum across the Potomac River to downtown Washington, D. C; the original site was closed on March 3, 2002, to allow its staff to concentrate on building the new, larger museum. The new museum, built at a cost of $450 million, opened its doors to the public on April 11, 2008. Tim Russert, a Newseum trustee, said, "The Newseum made a pretty good impression in Arlington, but at your new location on Pennsylvania Avenue, you will make an indelible mark."
The Newseum on Pennsylvania Avenue shares a block adjacent to the Canadian Embassy. After obtaining a landmark location at Pennsylvania Avenue and Sixth Street NW, the former site of National Hotel, the Newseum board selected noted exhibit designer Ralph Appelbaum, who had designed the original site in Arlington and architect James Stewart Polshek, who designed the Rose Center for Earth and Space with Todd Schliemann at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, to work on the new project; this design team had the following goals: To design a building that would be an architectural icon recognized and remembered by visitors from around the world. Highlights of the building design unveiled October 2002 include a façade featuring a "window on the world", 57 ft × 78 ft, which looks out on Pennsylvania Avenue and the National Mall while letting the public see inside to the visitors and displays, it features the 45 words of the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, etched into a four story tall stone panel facing Pennsylvania Avenue.
One feature carried over from the prior Arlington site was the Journalists Memorial, a glass sculpture that lists the names of 2,291 journalists from around the world killed in the line of duty. It is rededicated annually; the museum website is updated daily with images and PDF versions of newspaper front pages from around the world. Images are replaced daily, but an archive of front pages from notable events since 2001 is available. Hard copies of selected front pages, including one from every U. S. state and Washington, D. C. are displayed outside the front entrance. Jerry Frieheim, a 1956 graduate of the University of Missouri School of Journalism, was the first executive director of the Newseum and claims to have coined the name; the 643,000-square-foot Newseum includes a 90-foot high atrium, seven levels of displays, 15 theaters, a dozen major galleries, many more smaller exhibits, two broadcast studios, an expanded interactive newsroom. The structural engineer for this project was Leslie E. Robertson Associates.
The building features an 500-seat theater. The building is known for the largest and tallest hydraulic passenger elevators in the world, with a capacity of 18,000 pounds capable of carrying up to 72 passengers when loaded, a travel distance of 100 feet that covers 7 floors. A curving glass memorial to slain journalists is located above the ground floor. Showcase environments throughout the museum are climate controlled by four microclimate control devices; these units provide a flow of humidified air to the cases through a system of distribution pipes. ABC's This Week began broadcasting from a new studio in the Newseum on April 20, 2008, with George Stephanopoulos as host. ABC moved This Week back to its Washington, D. C. bureau in June 2013 citing the network's infrequent use of the Newseum studio compared to the cost of operating and maintaining a studio there. The studio was home to Al Jazeera America's Washington, D. C. bureau whic
Bastrop Daily Enterprise
The Bastrop Daily Enterprise is an American daily newspaper published in Bastrop, Louisiana. It is owned by GateHouse Media; the paper covers the city of Morehouse Parish. Mildred Nixon Nolan, daughter of John Travis Nixon, was an educator and historian from Oak Ridge in Morehouse Parish, she wrote seventeen articles for The Bastrop Daily Enterprise on Methodism in northeast Louisiana. As chairperson for History and Archives, she was the first woman member of the Council of Ministries of the Louisiana Methodist Conference. Official website GateHouse Media
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
Presentations – Presentations from both guest speakers and OCLC research from conferences and other events. The presentations are organized into five categories: Conference presentations, Dewey presentations, Distinguished Seminar Series, Guest presentations, Research staff
Daily Herald (Columbia, Tennessee)
The Daily Herald is a daily newspaper in Columbia, Tennessee. The newspaper is published six days a week Sunday through Friday. Although it is distributed to Maury County, Tennessee its Newspaper Designated Market stretches into five counties in Southern Middle Tennessee; the five county distribution area of The Daily Herald includes: Maury County, Tennessee. The Daily Herald was founded as a weekly newspaper in 1848, when Columbia's population was only 1,700 people. In 1899, the newspaper converted from weekly to daily delivery; the city now has a population 34,811 in 2010 with a county population exceeding 81,956. Weekday circulation is 11,500 and Sunday circulation is 13,500, according to audited figures. In 1916 the newspaper was purchased by Walter D. Hastings and James I. Finney. Beginning in 1965 the newspaper was purchased by local businessman and politician Sam Delk Kennedy who served as publisher. Kennedy served as either Editor or Publisher or both from 1965 to 1983, it was acquired by the Donrey Media Group in 1983.
Reynolds died in 1993. The company was sold to the Stephens family of Arkansas, best known for their investment banking business Stephens Inc. in Little Rock, Arkansas. After Stephens acquired the group, some of Donrey's properties were sold off, the company moved its headquarters to Las Vegas, home of its largest newspaper, the Las Vegas Review-Journal; the company was renamed Stephens Media Group in 2002. Most of Stephens newspapers operated in small to medium-sized towns and cities, but the company owns the Las Vegas Review-Journal, a 186,000 circulation newspaper. In June 2006 the company became known as Stephens Media LLC and continued Mr. Reynolds' business philosophy of locally operated companies. Stephens Media LLC was a Nevada diversified media holding company that published over 11 daily and 64 weekly newspapers in nine states in Nevada and Arkansas. In 2015, the Stephens Media newspapers were sold to New Media Investment Group. GateHouse Media a wholly owned subsidiary of New Media Investment Group that will be managing the portfolio of 125 Daily Newspapers and 575 Weekly Newspapers in 32 states throughout the U. S. Sam Kennedy served as the newspaper's publisher during the decades of the 1960s through 1983.
Douglas Beel became the newspaper's publisher from 1983 until 1996. In 1996, Mark Palmer was named publisher. In October 2015, Keith Ponder still serves in that position. Major department heads at the newspaper include; the Advertiser News The Value Guide Maury Life Spring Hill Life Healthy Living Official website Stephens Media LLC official website
Polk County, Florida
Polk County is located in the U. S. state of Florida. The county population was 602,095, its county seat is Bartow, its largest city is Lakeland. Polk County comprises the Lakeland–Winter Haven Metropolitan Statistical Area; this MSA is the 87th-most populous metropolitan statistical area and the 89th-most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. The center of population of Florida is located near the city of Lake Wales. Polk County is home to one public university, one state college, four private universities. One Fortune 500 company, Publix Super Markets, has headquarters in the county; the first people to inhabit the area now called Polk County arrived close to 12,000 years ago during the last ice age as the first paleo-indians following big game southward reached the peninsula of Florida. By this time, the peninsula had gone through several expansions and contractions due to changing sea level; these first paleo-indians, nomadic hunter/gatherers who did not establish any permanent settlements gave way to the "archaic people".
These were ancestors of the historic Native Americans who came in contact with the Spaniards when they arrived on the peninsula. These Native Americans thrived on the peninsula, it is estimated. As was common elsewhere in the Americas, contact with Europeans had a devastating effect on the Native Americans. Smallpox and other diseases, to which the Native Americans had no immunity, caused widespread epidemic and death; those who had not succumbed to diseases such as these were either killed or enslaved as Spanish explorers and settlers arrived. Within a few hundred years, nearly the entire pre-Columbian population of Polk County had been wiped out. For around 250 years after Ponce De Leon arrived on the peninsula, the Spanish nominally ruled Florida but established few settlements. In the late 17th century, Florida went through an unstable period in which the French and British ruled the peninsula. By this time, the remnants of early Native Americans joined with refugee Creek Native Americans from Georgia and The Carolinas to form the Seminole Indian Tribe, through a process of ethnogenesis.
After the American Revolution, the peninsula reverted to Spanish rule. In 1819, Florida became a U. S. territory as a result of the Adams-Onis Treaty. From the 1830s until 1842, the US conducted the Seminole Wars in an effort to remove the Seminole from the territory; some were removed to Indian Territory. While Florida gained statehood in 1845, it was not until 1861 that Polk County was created from the eastern part of Hillsborough County, it was named in honor of former US President James K. Polk, whose 1845 inauguration was on the day after Florida became a state. Following the Civil War, the county commission established the county seat on 120 acres donated in the central part of the county. Bartow, the county seat, was named after Francis S. Bartow, a Confederate colonel from Georgia, the first Confederate brigade commander to die in battle. Colonel Bartow was buried in Savannah, Georgia with military honors, promoted posthumously to the rank of Brigadier General; the original name of the town was Fort Blount.
Several other towns and counties in the South changed their name to Bartow. The first courthouse built in Bartow was constructed in 1867, it was replaced twice, in 1884 and in 1908. As the third courthouse to stand on the site, the present structure houses the Polk County Historical Museum and Genealogical Library. After the Civil War, some 400 Confederate veterans settled here with families before the end of the century. In the post-Reconstruction period, black railway workers were among the first African Americans to settle in Polk County, in 1883 south of Lake Wire; the following year they founded St. John's Baptist Church, which served as the first school for freedmen's children. Other workers arrived for jobs in the phosphate industry; this area became the center of a predominately African-American community known as Moorehead, after Rev. H. K. Moorehead, called to St. John's in 1906; the community developed its own businesses, professional class, cultural institutions. Its students had to go to other cities for high school until 1928, when the first upper school to serve blacks was established here.
White violence rose against blacks in the late 19th century in a regionwide effort to establish and maintain white supremacy as Southern states disenfranchised most blacks and imposed Jim Crow. Whites lynched 20 African Americans in Polk County from 1895-1921. While others were killed for alleged crimes, one black man was lynched for insulting a white woman; the man, Henry Scott was a porter on a train from Lakeland to Bartow. While he was preparing a berth for one woman on May 20, 1920, another white woman became angry that he made her wait, she sent a telegram to the next station where he was met by a sherriff and turned over to a mob that shot him 40-t0 times. Columbia County had 20 such lynching murders. In the first few decades of the 1900s, thousands of acres of land around Bartow were purchased by the phosphate industry; the county seat became the hub of the largest phosphate industry in the United States, attracting both immigrants and African-American an