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The Little Bears

The Little Bears was an American comic strip created by Jimmy Swinnerton, regarded as a progenitor of the funny animal genre, as well as one of the first American comic strips with recurring characters – the titular bears. The feature emerged from a series of spot illustrations of a bear cub that began appearing in The San Francisco Examiner starting October 14, 1893; the strip was launched as a regular feature on the children's page starting June 2, 1895, ran through June 7, 1897. Jimmy Swinnerton started his career in 1892 as a young illustrator for the San Francisco Examiner, one of William Randolph Hearst's newspapers, his chief task was to provide drawings for news stories in the days before photoengraving, however, he drew editorial cartoons and other illustrations for the paper. In 1893, the Examiner used an illustration by Frank "Cozy" Noble of a bear as the paper's mascot for the San Francisco Mid-Winter Exposition of 1894. Following this, Swinnerton was asked to provide a bear illustration every day to accompany the paper's coverage of the fair.

Swinnerton's first bear illustration appeared on October 14, 1893, evolved into a cute little bear cub. When the fair closed, the Little Bear disappeared from the paper, but he returned on September 10, 1894, started accompanying the weather report from October 2, 1894 until May 1895. Starting June 2, 1895, The Little Bears became a regular feature on the children's page. Human children were introduced to the strip on January 26, 1896, the title changed to Little Bears & Tykes, it was the first American comic strip to include recurring characters. The Little Bears strip continued until June 7, 1897, when Swinnerton moved to New York City to draw cartoons for another Hearst paper, the New York Journal. In the Journal, Swinnerton's feature switched from bears to tigers as he launched The Little Tigers on February 20, 1898; the change of animals took place at the request of Hearst. A defined, philandering character emerged from the strip, on October 4, 1903, the Sunday feature was retitled Mr. Jack.

After Swinnerton ended the regular Little Bears strip, he continued to draw sporadic strips for the Examiner. The Little Bear continued to appear in spot cartoons and with the weather forecast for several years, drawn by other artists including Grant Wallace, Ralph Yardley and Bob Edgren; the Little Bears was an obvious influence on Gene Carr whose Bearville which ran in the New York Evening Journal from April 19 to May 7, 1901

Panteleimon Belochub

Panteleimon "Panteley" Fedorovich Belochub, was a Ukrainian soldier best known as one of the commanders of the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, a major belligerent force during the "Russian" Civil Wars of 1917 – 1921. Panteleimon Fedorovich Belochub was born in May of 1892 into a family of Azov Greeks in the Village of Stary Krym, Mariupol County, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire. Panteleimon's father, Fedor Kharlampievich Belochub, died of consumption when Panteleimon was only six weeks old; the widowed mother remarried and left her son with the family of her late husband’s brother, Themistocles Kharlampievich Belochub, who raised Panteleimon along with his own seven children. On May 1, 1913 Panteleimon married Varvara Kior. In the same year he was drafted into the Russian Imperial Army. On August 1, 1914, Varvara gave birth to Pantaleimon's daughter, Ekaterina. By the time World War I broke out, Belochub was serving in the artillery; the war accelerated his career, by June 1916 he reached the highest NCO rank in the Imperial Army, serving at the Russian Southwestern Front during the Brusilov Offensive.

For gallantry under enemy fire, he was awarded the Cross of St. George 4th and 3rd cl. and Medal of St. George 4th and 3rd cl. Shortly after the February Revolution of 1917, Panteleimon Belochub was transferred from the front to Tsarskoe Selo as a specialist in the formation of a new artillery battalion. Viktor Belash, Chief of Staff of the Anarchist Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine under the command of Nestor Makhno claimed in his memoir that Belochub joined the RIAU in March of 1919. Rising through the ranks, by the fall of 1919 Panteleimon Belochub commanded the 2nd Horse Artillery Battery, 3rd Ekaterynoslav Corps of the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine. In October 1919, the RIAU found itself blocking the path of Denikin's White forces, which were retreating southward under the pressure of the Red Army. Seeing this development as an opportunity, Nestor Makhno attacked the Whites, but found his mainly-peasant detachments unable to match the well-organized units of the Armed Forces of South Russia, which were still maintaining cohesion regardless of the recent defeats.

Soon the RIAU was forced to abandon its "capital" in Huliaipole as well as all of the Dnieper's left bank, crossing the river over the Kichkas Bridge, near Alexandrovsk, blowing up the bridge behind them. White General Revishin decided not to pursue the RIAU across the river, focusing instead on a mopping-up operation against the remnants of the Makhnovist detachments on the left bank. While the AFSR commanders were concentrating their forces on the left bank of the Dnieper, they maintained a light presence on the right bank. Nestor Makhno took advantage of this situation and moved decisively on Ekaterinoslav, taking the city from the Whites on November 10, 1919. Belochub distinguished himself during the Ekaterinoslav offensive, in the battle against the units of the 2nd Terek Cossack Division, AFSR, near the village of Stepove on November 8, 1919, was wounded in this engagement. During the Ekaterynoslav operation, the Makhnovists coordinated their actions with Bolshevik detachments in and around the city.

Upon taking Ekaterinoslav, the two political groups continued to cooperate, the local organization of RCP operated openly. Within its own ranks, the RIAU counted a considerable number of communists; the most notable of them was Mikhail Polonsky, a regimental commander in RIAU. This process of rapprochement was interrupted by the arrest of Polonsky, accused of subversive activity in favor of the Red Army and of conspiracy to assassinate Nestor Makhno. Panteleimon Belochub was arrested by the Makhnovist Counterintelligence along with Polonsky on December 2, 1919. Polonsky tried to persuade Belochub to switch sides from the RIAU to the Reds, promising the support of Ivan Fedko, a senior commander in the Red 11th Army. According to Belochub's official interrogation record, he was released the same evening, after a lengthy "conversation" with Nestor Makhno. Polonsky and a group of his associates, were summarily executed; this incident led to a sharp deterioration of the RIAU relations with the Red Army and Bolsheviks.

In the Civil War, alliances shifted often. Yesterday's bitter rivals at times found. On October 15, 1920, Nestor Makhno signed a Treaty of Political and Military Alliance with the Red Army – this time against Baron Wrangel's White Forces in Crimea. In November of 1920 RIAU assisted the Reds in the Siege of Perekop. Belochub took part in this operation as an artillery commander; the Red Army, having secured the victory over the Whites, turned on their RIAU allies in a relentless pursuit across Southeastern Ukraine and Southern Russia. Regardless of the overwhelming numerical superiority of their pursuers, the Makhnovists kept fighting through the winter of 1920-1921. Belochub remained with RIAU until February 1921, when he and his artillery unit were forced to surrender. Cheka, the Soviet secret police, kept Panteleimon Belochub prisoner until releasing him under the General Amnesty of November 4, 1921. Upon regaining his freedom, Panteleimon returned to his native village of Stary Krym and soon was elected mayor, a position that he held until 1927.

While holding an elected office in the 1920s, Belochub maintained relationships with his wartime comrades, RIAU veterans. However, there is no evidence to suggest his involvement in the underground anarchist organizations; the wave of arrests that devastated these organizations in 192

Nicolaï van Gilse van der Pals

Nicolaï Ferdinand van Gilse van der Pals was a Dutch-Russian-Finnish conductor and musicologist who wrote biographies of both Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski and Nikolai Rimski-Korsakow. His father Hendrik van Gilse van der Pals, from a merchant family of Rotterdam, was a rubbermanufacturer and honorary consul for the Netherlands in St Petersburg until he settled on his estates in Finland because of the Russian revolution; the wealthy industrialist household of his parents participated in the musical life of St Petersburg. At their'palace' they organised concerts with composer Anton Arensky and pianist and conductor Willem Mengelberg. At an early age Van der Pals met people like Gustav Mahler und Alexander Glazunov. Van der Pals studied musicology at Leipzig University and worked as an orchestral conductor in Helsinki in 1921–1941, he was a music critic of Hufvudstadsbladet newspaper, too, in 1920–1939. His oldest brother Leopold van Gilse van der Pals was a composer and moved to Berlin and Switzerland where he worked with Rudolf Steiner.

His second brother Maximiliaan Hendrik van Gilse van der Pals became agriculturalist on the Laakspohja estate near Lohja in Finland in which country Nicolaï settled. Nikolai van der Pals, N. A. Rimsky-Korssakow, Inaugural-Dissertation, Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig 1914, W. Bessel, Leipzig 1929, G. Olms, Hildesheim 1977. Nikolai van der Pals, Athenaion, Potsdam 1940. Nederland's Patriciaat, 16e jaargang,'s Gravenhage 1926. Otavan Iso Musiikkitietosanakirja, Vol. 4, p. 539. Helsinki 1978. ISBN 951-1-04763-9

Young Communist League USA

The Young Communist League USA was a communist youth organization in the United States. The stated aim of the League was the development of its members into Communists, through studying Marxism–Leninism and through active participation in the struggles of the American working class; the YCL recognized the Communist Party USA as the party for socialism in the United States and operated as the Party's youth wing. Although the name of the group changed a number of times during its existence, its origins trace back to 1920, shortly after the establishment of the first communist parties in the United States. Although independent, in its final years the organization came under direct control of the CPUSA. After a backlash by members towards the suspension of elections and ideological shifts towards the right, membership plummeted. On November 14, 2015, the CPUSA's National Committee voted to suspend funding to the Young Communist League and the organization was subsequently dissolved; the 1920 split of the Socialist Party of America affected its youth section as well, the Young People's Socialist League.

The YPSL declared itself an independent organization in the fall of 1919, sympathetic to the left wing, expelled or left the party. A portion of this "Independent Young People's Socialist League" organization dropped out from activity during this period, while the group's officials, including in the first place Executive Secretary Oliver Carlson, attempted to steer the group to a position of neutrality between the two warring factions of American communism, the Communist Party of America and the Communist Labor Party of America; as early as 1920, a skeleton of a "Young People's Communist League" was in existence. This minuscule paper organization sent a fraternal delegate to the 2nd Convention of the United Communist Party, held at Kingston, New York from December 24, 1920 to January 2, 1921. A report was delivered by this delegate on the youth situation in America and the convention at this time first decided to establish a serious youth section, to be called the Young Communist League; the resolution passed by the convention pledged the UCP would provide its youth section assistance by helping to produce and distribute its literature, by helping to gain control of existing units of the Independent YPSL and organizing them into communist groups, by helping to organize new units, by providing it financial assistance, by lending it speakers and teachers, by allotting it space in the official party periodicals.

The establishment of a parallel "aboveground" to the technically illegal YCL was called for. Owing to government pressure from the Palmer Raids of the first red scare, the entire communist movement in America had operated a clandestine model of organization, akin to that of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party prior to the Russian Revolution; the YCL was no different, its leaders and members making use of pseudonyms and holding their meetings in secret. This did not mean; the founding convention of the YCL was held early in May 1922 in Bethel, Connecticut. It was a small and low key gathering, including just fourteen delegates from four of the Communist Party's twelve national districts; the gathering heard a report from Max Bedacht of the adult party dealing with the discussions and decisions of the 3rd World Congress of the Communist International and its February 1922 special conference. The convention adopted a constitution and a program for the YCL, as well as a resolution delineating the relationship of the youth league with the adult party.

A governing National Executive Committee of five members was elected. The initiation fee to join the YCL was 50 cents and dues were 25 cents per month, receipted with stamps issued by the National Office; the basic unit of organization was the "group" consisting, ideally, of from five to ten members and meeting at least every other week. Groups elected their own captains to coordinate their activities with the center. Multiple groups were parts of a "section" of up to five groups; the underground form of organization made it difficult to attract and hold quality recruits – recruiting had to be by word of mouth, literature distribution surreptitious, advertising of meetings non-existent. Accordingly little progress was made in building the size and effectiveness of the organization; this underground YCL continued in existence until early 1923, when it was terminated together with the underground adult Communist Party, leaving the "overground" youth and adult groups as the only remaining organizations.

For the young communist youth, this organization was the Young Workers League of America, established in 1922. As was the case with the corresponding adult organization, the "legal" YWL had a much easier time establishing itself. By removing from it literature some references to revolution, the YWL was able to meet in the open, to advertise its events, to distribute its newspapers and pamphlets with only minimal interference from the legal authorities, it was able to attract a steady stream of new devotees to the cause – although, as was the case with the adult party, retention of its new recruits always remained problematic. The YWL was bolstered, as was its adult counterpart, by the addition of a new mass of members coming into the organization from the Finnish Socialist Federation – the largest foreign language federation of the Socialist Party, biding its time as an independent organization since 1921, waiting for an end to the ineffectual underground form of organization. In the middle 1920s, the Workers Party of America w

Ludwig Traube (palaeographer)

Ludwig Traube was a paleographer and held the first chair of Medieval Latin in Germany. He was a son of the physician Ludwig Traube. Traube was born in Berlin, the son of a middle-class Jewish family, studied at the universities of Munich and Greifswald. In 1883 he finished his Ph. D. with a dissertation entitled Varia libamenta critica. He finished his habilitation in classical and medieval philology in 1888 with a part of his book on Carolingian poetry. In 1897 he became a member of the central management of Monumenta Germaniae Historica. In 1902 he was appointed professor of Latin philology of the Middle Ages at Munich. In 1905 he discovered. O Roma nobilis: philologische Untersuchungen aus dem Mittelalter, 1891 – O Roma nobilis: philological studies from the Middle Ages. Textgeschichte der Regula S. Benedicti, 1898 – Textual history of Regula Benedicti. Die Geschichte der tironischen Noten bei Suetonius und Isidorus, 1901 – The history of Tironian notes from Suetonius and Isidorus. Jean-Baptiste Maugérard: ein Beitrag zur Bibliotheksgeschicthe, 1904 – Jean-Baptiste Maugérard, a contribution to library history.

Bamberger Fragmente der vierten Dekade des Livius, 1906 – Bamberger fragments of the fourth decade of Livy. Nomina sacra: Versuch einer Geschichte der christlichen Kürzung, 1907 – Nomina sacra. Essay on the history of Christian abbreviations. Zur Paläographie und Handschriftenkunde, 1909 – On palaeography and manuscript studies. Einleitung in die lateinische Philologie des Mittelalters, 1911 – Introduction to Latin philology of the Middle Ages. Vorlesungen und Abhandlungen, 1909–1920 – Lectures and essays. Works by or about Ludwig Traube at Internet Archive

El desprecio (2006 TV series)

El desprecio is a Venezuelan telenovela, produced by RCTV in 2006. The telenovela is an adaptation of the 1991 telenovela El Desprecio written by Julio César Mármol and adapted by Ana Carolina López. Flavia Gleske and Ricardo Álamo star as the main protagonists with Fedra López as the main antagonist; the telenovela aired on RCTV from April 26, 2006 to November 21, 2006. Clara Inés is a young girl, raised by nuns in a convent in the countryside. One day, a priest tells her that she is part of the wealthy Santamarina family and decides to go to the capital city Caracas to discover more about her origins. Along the way, she meets Raul Velandró, a member of the family who discovers that she is part of his family and decides to help her, but Clara Inés is not aware of the danger. She will be thrown into a world filled with ambition and money, her aunt Pastora Lara Portillo will become her worst enemy. Twenty years ago, she unsuccessfully orchestrated the death of Clara Inés and now wants to take absolute control of the Santamarina fortune held by her husband Israel Huatulco for her son Edilio.

Clara Inés will become target of many attacks. However, she will on gain self-confidence and return to fulfill her mission of revenge. In her soul, the seed of contempt which were sown will blossom as its greatest strength of vengeance to repay all the damage they caused. El desprecio on IMDb Telenovela World.com