Baltimore is the largest city in the U. S. state of Maryland, and the 29th-most populous city in the country. It was established by the Constitution of Maryland and is not part of any county, thus, it is the largest independent city in the United States, with a population of 621,849 as of 2015. As of 2010, the population of the Baltimore Metropolitan Area was 2.7 million, founded in 1729, Baltimore is the second largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic. Baltimores Inner Harbor was once the leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States. With hundreds of identified districts, Baltimore has been dubbed a city of neighborhoods, in the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote The Star-Spangled Banner, the American national anthem, in Baltimore. More than 65,000 properties, or roughly one in three buildings in the city, are listed on the National Register, more than any city in the nation. The city has 289 properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the historical records of the government of Baltimore are located at the Baltimore City Archives.
The city is named after Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, of the Irish House of Lords, Baltimore Manor was the name of the estate in County Longford on which the Calvert family lived in Ireland. Baltimore is an anglicization of the Irish name Baile an Tí Mhóir, in 1608, Captain John Smith traveled 210 miles from Jamestown to the uppermost Chesapeake Bay, leading the first European expedition to the Patapsco River. The name Patapsco is derived from pota-psk-ut, which translates to backwater or tide covered with froth in Algonquian dialect, a quarter century after John Smiths voyage, English colonists began to settle in Maryland. The area constituting the modern City of Baltimore and its area was first settled by David Jones in 1661. He claimed the area today as Harbor East on the east bank of the Jones Falls stream. In the early 1600s, the immediate Baltimore vicinity was populated, if at all. The Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, one Paleo-Indian site and several Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period.
During the Late Woodland period, the culture that is called the Potomac Creek complex resided in the area from Baltimore to the Rappahannock River in Virginia. It was located on the Bush River on land that in 1773 became part of Harford County, in 1674, the General Assembly passed An Act for erecting a Court-house and Prison in each County within this Province. The site of the house and jail for Baltimore County was evidently Old Baltimore near the Bush River. In 1683, the General Assembly passed An Act for Advancement of Trade to establish towns, one of the towns established by the act in Baltimore County was on Bush River, on Town Land, near the Court-House
John Shiban is an American television writer and producer. He worked in both capacities on The X-Files and its spin-off The Lone Gunmen, Star Trek, Smallville, Legend of the Seeker, Breaking Bad, and The Vampire Diaries. In 1997, he was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series for his work on The X-Files episode Memento Mori and he shared the nomination with co-writers Chris Carter, Frank Spotnitz, and Vince Gilligan. In 1998, Shiban shared a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series with The X-files production team, in 2009 Shiban reunited with Gilligan to work as a writer/producer on the second season of Gilligans series Breaking Bad. Shiban was nominated for a Writers Guild of America Award for episodic drama for the episode Phoenix in 2010, Shiban and the writing staff shared a nomination for the WGA award for best drama series for their work on the second season. Shiban returned as a producer for the third season of Breaking Bad.
He left the crew at the end of the third season, in August 2010, Shiban was confirmed as a writer for Torchwoods fourth series Torchwood, Miracle Day. In 2011, Shiban joined the series Hell on Wheels as executive producer and writer, in November 2012, the shows creators Joe and Tony Gayton decided to no longer be involved in the day to day production. Shiban was thought to be a candidate to take over, however he stated that he would be leaving the series. John Shiban at the Internet Movie Database
Jump the Shark (The X-Files)
Jump the Shark is the fifteenth episode of the ninth season of the American science fiction television series The X-Files. The episode first aired in the United States on April 21,2002 on the Fox network and it was written by executive producers Vince Gilligan, John Shiban and Frank Spotnitz, and directed by Cliff Bole. The episode is a monster-of-the-week episode—unconnected to the series wider mythology—and was created to give closure for The Lone Gunmen television series, the episode earned a Nielsen rating of 5.1 and was viewed by 8.6 million viewers. The episode received mixed to negative reviews from television critics, the show centers on FBI special agents who work on cases linked to the paranormal, called X-Files, this season focuses on the investigations of John Doggett, Monica Reyes, and Dana Scully. In this episode and Reyes attempt to locate a female friend of The Lone Gunmen after former Area 51 Man-in-Black Morris Fletcher appears, what Doggett and Reyes soon discover is a bizarre plot to unleash a biological weapon via the use of grafted shark organs.
Jump the Shark features the death of The Lone Gunmen—popular recurring characters who first appeared in the first season episode E. B. E, although this plot was retconned in the comic book series The X-Files Season 10. The episode proved difficult to make because, after the cancellation of The Lone Gunmen television series, the choice to kill off the trio was controversial. Writers Spotnitz and Gilligan revealed some regret with the way the episode was handled, actors Bruce Harwood and Dean Haglund were happy with the way the episode ended. The episode title is a reference to the phrase jumping the shark. The episode begins with Morris Fletcher on a boat in the Bahamas, when he is rescued and detained, he approaches FBI agents Monica Reyes and John Doggett with information related to the super-soldiers in exchange for his release. The Gunmen refuse to believe the evidence, especially when they find that Fletcher provided it, Harlow murders a biology professor, cuts out an organ and disposes of it in a furnace.
His research had been funded by Yvess arms dealing father, who had commissioned Fletcher to find her and she further informs them that there is another host, whom she is trying to identify and locate before he can unleash his deadly payload. Once Fletcher realizes that he has been used by Harlows father, after a few false starts and chases, the Lone Gunmen corner the bioterrorist with only a few minutes before his virus is due to be released. Their sacrifice earns them a resting place in Arlington National Cemetery. The group was aided by the FBI and have since been working underground, aiding the US government, for instance, Mulder makes reference to The Lone Gunmens survival in the tenth season episode, Babylon. Jump the Shark was written by Vince Gilligan, John Shiban, the episode proved difficult to make. After the cancellation of The Lone Gunmen television series, which aired in 2001, actor Bruce Harwood explained that I think if the studio objected to anything, it was wasting time on our characters long enough to kill us off.
Co-writer Gilligan recalled The Lone Gunmen was still kind of a wound for me
Federal Communications Commission
The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, the spectrum, the media, public safety and homeland security, and modernizing itself. The FCC was formed by the Communications Act of 1934 to replace the radio regulation functions of the Federal Radio Commission, the FCC took over wire communication regulation from the Interstate Commerce Commission. The FCCs mandated jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the FCC provides varied degrees of cooperation and leadership for similar communications bodies in other countries of North America. The FCC is funded entirely by regulatory fees and it has an estimated fiscal-2016 budget of US$388 million. Consistent with the objectives of the Act as well as the 1993 Government Performance and Results Act and these are, Broadband All Americans should have affordable access to robust and reliable broadband products and services. Competition Competition in the provision of services, both domestically and overseas, supports the Nations economy.
The competitive framework for communications services should foster innovation and offer consumers reliable, Media The Nations media regulations must promote competition and diversity and facilitate the transition to digital modes of delivery. Public Safety and Homeland Security Communications during emergencies and crisis must be available for public safety, defense, the Nations critical communications infrastructure must be reliable, interoperable and rapidly restorable. The FCC is directed by five appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate for five-year terms. The U. S. President designates one of the commissioners to serve as chairman, only three commissioners may be members of the same political party. None of them may have a financial interest in any FCC-related business, commissioners may continue serving until the appointment of their replacements, but may not serve beyond the end of the next session of Congress following term expiration.
In practice, as of 2016 this means that commissioners may serve up to 1 1/2 years beyond the term expiration dates listed above if no replacement is appointed. The Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau develops and implements the FCCs consumer policies, CGB serves as the public face of the FCC through outreach and education, as well as through their Consumer Center, which is responsible for responding to consumer inquiries and complaints. CGB maintains partnerships with state and tribal governments in such areas as emergency preparedness. The Enforcement Bureau is responsible for enforcement of provisions of the Communications Act 1934, FCC rules, FCC orders, major areas of enforcement that are handled by the Enforcement Bureau are consumer protection, local competition, public safety, and homeland security. S. The International Bureau oversees FCC compliance with the international Radio Regulations, the Media Bureau handles post-licensing matters regarding direct broadcast satellite service.
The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau regulates domestic wireless telecommunications programs and policies, the Wireline Competition Bureau develops policy concerning wire line telecommunications. The Wireline Competition Bureaus main objective is to promote growth and economical investments in technology infrastructure, markets
The X-Files (season 9)
The ninth season of the American science fiction television series The X-Files commenced airing in the United States on November 11,2001, concluded on May 19,2002, and consists of twenty episodes. The season takes place after Fox Mulder goes into hiding, following the events of the season finale. As such, the main storyarc for the season follows Dana Scully, John Doggett, for this season, former series leads Duchovny and Anderson scaled back their involvement with the show, with the former only starring in the two episodes that formed the season finale, The Truth. Doggett and Reyes became the central characters, and former recurring character Walter Skinner became a main character. Series creator Chris Carter had hopes that the show could continue on with new leads, during this year, ratings for the season fell dramatically. Critics blamed it on what they considered an increasingly incoherent story arc, whilst the cast, Fox eventually decided to cancel the series. During the airing of season eight and The X-Files production team had created and aired a spinoff titled The Lone Gunmen.
The show was unsuccessful and was cancelled before any story arcs were resolved, the X-Files storyline was continued with the 2008 theatrical film The X Files, I Want to Believe and with a tenth season in 2016. After the eighth season finale Existence, Fox Mulder goes into hiding, Dana Scully is again reassigned to the FBI Academy, and Monica Reyes becomes John Doggetts new FBI partner in the X-Files office. Doggett asks Scully for help on a case involving an EPA official, Carl Wormus and Walter Skinner travel to a reclamation plant, looking for links between Wormus work and death. After doing an autopsy on Wormus, Alvin Kersh sends Brad Follmer to locate Doggett. The investigation at the plant leads to an unknown woman, whose identity is revealed to be Shannon McMahon. She reveals to Doggett that she is a Super Soldier and this leads them to a clandestine laboratory where a secret experiment is taking place on board on a naval ship. They find connections between the experiments on the ship and Scullys child, after Scully begins to miss Mulder, a complete stranger—the Shadow Man —offers his service to drive Mulder out of hiding.
Scully takes the offer, but unknowingly gets herself and Mulder in even more danger, the Shadow Man, who is revealed to be a Super Soldier bent on killing Scully and Mulder. After a chase through a quarry, the Shadow Man is destroyed after being exposed to magnetite, Scully and Reyes find evidence of a dangerous UFO cult which has uncovered a second spacecraft similar to one Scully studied in Africa three years ago. Misled by the FBI, the agents enlist the help of The Lone Gunmen to protect Scullys son after they learn that the cult intends to kill the child, the cult, however, is successful in kidnapping the child. Concurrent with these events, Doggett is run over by a car, as Follmer and the Toothpick Man try to uncover the plans of the three agents and Reyes leave Washington, D. C. to find Scullys son
Lee Harvey Oswald
Lee Harvey Oswald was an American former U. S. Marine who assassinated President John F. Kennedy on November 22,1963. Shortly after being discharged from the Marine Corps, Oswald defected to the Soviet Union in October 1959 and he lived in the Belarusian city of Minsk until June 1962, at which time he returned to the United States with Marina, his Russian wife, eventually settling in Dallas. Following Kennedys assassination, Oswald was initially arrested for the murder of police officer J. D. Tippit, Oswald was charged with the murder of Kennedy. He denied shooting anybody, saying that he was a patsy, two days later, while being transferred from the city jail to the county jail, Oswald was fatally shot by Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby in full view of television cameras broadcasting live. In September 1964, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald acted alone in assassinating Kennedy by firing three shots from the Texas School Book Depository and this conclusion was supported by previous investigations carried out by the FBI, the Secret Service, and the Dallas Police Department.
The assassination has spawned numerous conspiracy theories, Oswald was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, on October 18,1939 to Robert Edward Lee Oswald, Sr. and Marguerite Frances Claverie. Robert Oswald died of an attack two months before Lee was born. Lees elder brother Robert, Jr. was a former Marine, through Marguerites first marriage to Edward John Pic, Jr. Lee and Robert Jr. were the half-brothers of Air Force veteran John Edward Pic. In 1944, Marguerite moved the family from New Orleans to Dallas, Oswald entered the 1st grade in 1945 and over the next half-dozen years attended several different schools through the 6th grade in the Dallas and Fort Worth areas. Oswald took an IQ test in the 4th grade and scored 103, on achievement tests in, he twice did best in reading, as a child, Oswald was described by several people who knew him as withdrawn and temperamental. In August 1952, when Oswald was 12, his mother took him to New York City where they lived for a time with Oswalds half-brother. Oswald and his mother were asked to leave after an argument in which Oswald allegedly struck his mother.
Oswald attended the 7th grade in the Bronx, New York, but was often truant, the reformatory psychiatrist, Dr. Dr. Hartogs detected a personality pattern disturbance with schizoid features and passive-aggressive tendencies and recommended continued treatment. In January 1954, Oswalds mother returned to New Orleans, taking Oswald with her, in New Orleans, Oswald completed the 8th and 9th grades. He entered the 10th grade in 1955 but quit school after one month, after leaving school, Oswald worked for several months as an office clerk and messenger in New Orleans. In July 1956, Oswalds mother moved the family to Fort Worth, Texas, a few weeks in October, Oswald quit school at age 17 to join the Marines, he never received a high school diploma. By the age of 17, he had resided at 22 different locations, though the young Oswald had trouble spelling and may have had a reading-spelling disability, he read voraciously. By age 15, he claimed to be a Marxist, writing in his diary, I was looking for a key to my environment, I had to dig for my books in the back dusty shelves of libraries
20th Century Fox Television
Twentieth Century Fox Television is the television production subsidiary of 20th Century Fox, and a production arm of the Fox Television Group. 20th Television is the arm of 20th Century Fox Television. 20th Century Fox Television was formed in 1949 as other studios were branching out into production as well. At that time, the company was known as TCF Television Productions, since 1986, 20th Century Fox Television has served as the Fox television networks official production arm, producing the bulk of television series airing on the television network. TCFTV produced the first two series aired on Foxs sister network, MyNetworkTV, the telenovelas Desire and Fashion House. In 1989, 20th Century Fox Televisions functions were taken over by Twentieth Television Corporation, both companies were subsidiaries of News Corporation unit Fox Inc. the move was made to separate the television productions from the movie studio in order to increase the latters output. In 1998, MTM folded into 20th Century Fox Television, notable shows produced by 20th Century Fox Television include, M*A*S*H, How I Met Your Mother, Empire, Family Guy,24, Modern Family, This Is Us, American Dad.
Sundance Fred Astaire Salutes the Fox Musicals If I Love You, Am I Trapped Forever. S. A
A cliffhanger is hoped to ensure the audience will return to see how the characters resolve the dilemma. Some serials end with the caveat To Be Continued, in movie serials and television series the following episode sometimes begins with a recap sequence. Cliffhangers were especially popular in 1920s and 1930s serials when movie theaters filled the cultural niche primarily occupied by television, Cliffhangers are often used in television series, especially soap operas that end each episode on a cliffhanger. Prior to the early 1980s, season-ending cliffhangers were rare on U. S. television, the first such season-ender on U. S. TV was in the comedy send-up of soap operas Soap in 1978. Cliffhangers were rare on American television before 1980, as television networks preferred the flexibility of airing episodes in any order. The phenomenal success of the 1980 Who shot J. R. Cliffhangers are used to open the possibility of a character being killed off due to the actor not continuing to play the role.
The cliffhanger has become a genre staple, the heavily serialized television drama True Blood has become notorious for cliffhangers. Not only do the seasons conclude with cliffhangers, but almost every episode finishes at a cliffhanger directly after or during a dramatic moment. Sometimes a movie, book, or season of a show will end with the defeat of the main villain before a second. Occasionally an element other than a villain is used to tease at a sequel, back to back film production Bluma Zeigarnik Vincent Fröhlich, Der Cliffhanger und die serielle Narration. Word Detective Mid-Atlantic Nostalgia Convention Cliffhanger Film Showings
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis and prevention of disease. The word medicine is derived from Latin medicus, meaning a physician, Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Medicine has existed for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art, while stitching technique for sutures is an art learned through practice, the knowledge of what happens at the cellular and molecular level in the tissues being stitched arises through science. Prescientific forms of medicine are now known as medicine and folk medicine. They remain commonly used with or instead of medicine and are thus called alternative medicine.
For example, evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture is variable and inconsistent for any condition, in contrast, treatments outside the bounds of safety and efficacy are termed quackery. Medical availability and clinical practice varies across the world due to differences in culture. In modern clinical practice, physicians personally assess patients in order to diagnose, the doctor-patient relationship typically begins an interaction with an examination of the patients medical history and medical record, followed by a medical interview and a physical examination. Basic diagnostic medical devices are typically used, after examination for signs and interviewing for symptoms, the doctor may order medical tests, take a biopsy, or prescribe pharmaceutical drugs or other therapies. Differential diagnosis methods help to rule out conditions based on the information provided, during the encounter, properly informing the patient of all relevant facts is an important part of the relationship and the development of trust.
The medical encounter is documented in the record, which is a legal document in many jurisdictions. Follow-ups may be shorter but follow the general procedure. The diagnosis and treatment may take only a few minutes or a few weeks depending upon the complexity of the issue, the components of the medical interview and encounter are, Chief complaint, the reason for the current medical visit. They are in the patients own words and are recorded along with the duration of each one, called chief concern or presenting complaint. History of present illness, the order of events of symptoms. Distinguishable from history of illness, often called past medical history
Mass surveillance is the intricate surveillance of an entire or a substantial fraction of a population in order to monitor that group of citizens. The surveillance is carried out by governments or governmental organisations. Depending on each nations laws and judicial systems, the legality of and it is often distinguished from targeted surveillance. Mass surveillance has often cited as necessary to fight terrorism, to prevent social unrest, to protect national security, to fight child pornography. Such a state could be referred to as a totalitarian state, in 2013, the practice of mass surveillance by world governments was called into question after Edward Snowden‘s 2013 global surveillance disclosure. Reporting based on documents Snowden leaked to media outlets triggered a debate about civil liberties. Mass surveillance is considered a global issue, balancing these factors, eight countries were rated as being endemic surveillance societies. Of these eight, China and Russia scored lowest, followed jointly by Singapore and the United Kingdom, jointly by Taiwan, the best ranking was given to Greece, which was judged to have adequate safeguards against abuse.
Many countries throughout the world have already been adding thousands of cameras to their urban, suburban. On 12 March 2013 Reporters Without Borders published a Special report on Internet Surveillance, five countries were placed on the initial list, China, Iran and Vietnam. The level of Internet filtering and surveillance in Bahrain is one of the highest in the world, the royal family is represented in all areas of Internet management and has sophisticated tools at its disposal for spying on its subjects. The online activities of dissidents and news providers are closely monitored, all Internet access in China is owned or controlled by the state or the Communist Party. Many foreign journalists in China have said that they take for granted that their telephones are tapped, the tools put in place to filter and monitor the Internet are collectively known as the Great Firewall of China. The Great Firewall has the ability to dynamically block encrypted connections, one of the country’s main ISPs, China Unicom, automatically cuts a connection as soon as it is used to transmit encrypted content.
The monitoring system developed by China is not confined to the Great Firewall, monitoring is built into social networks, chat services. Private companies are responsible to the Chinese authorities for surveillance of their networks to ensure banned messages are not circulated. The QQ application, owned by the firm Tencent, allows the authorities to monitor in detail exchanges between Internet users by seeking certain keywords and expressions, the author of each message can be identified by his or her user number. The QQ application is effectively a giant Trojan horse, and since March 2012, new legislation requires all new users of micro-blogging sites to register using their own name and telephone number
Pontiac /ˈpɒntiæk, ˈpɒni-/ is a city in the U. S. state of Michigan, located in Metro Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 59,515. It is the county seat of Oakland County, and about 12 miles north and slightly west of the Detroit city limits. Pontiac is notably the first organized settlement of a town in 1818 within the interior of Michigan and they were named after the city. The city of Pontiac was home to Oakland Motor Car Company, of note is the Pontiac Silverdome, the stadium that hosted the Detroit Lions of the National Football League from 1975 until 2002, when the team returned to downtown Detroit. Super Bowl XVI was played at the Silverdome in 1982, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.28 square miles, of which 19.97 square miles is land and 0.31 square miles is water. Pontiac is bounded by the city of Auburn Hills to the east and north, the city of Lake Angelus to the north, Waterford Township to the west, the former Pontiac Township included what are now the cities of Pontiac, Lake Angelus, and Auburn Hills.
The township incorporated as the city of Auburn Hills in 1983, although the township no longer exists as a civil entity, it is still used as a survey township for land use purposes. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $31,207, males had a median income of $31,961 versus $24,765 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,842, about 18. 0% of families and 22. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29. 3% of those under age 18 and 15. 7% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 59,515 people,22,220 households, the population density was 2,980.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 27,084 housing units at a density of 1,356.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 34. 4% White,52. 1% African American,0. 6% Native American,2. 3% Asian,6. 2% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 16. 5% of the population. 33. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.28.
The median age in the city was 33.4 years. 27. 2% of residents were under the age of 18,11. 2% were between the ages of 18 and 24,28. 2% were from 25 to 44,24. 2% were from 45 to 64, and 9. 3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49. 1% male and 50. 9% female, residents are zoned to the School District of the City of Pontiac. The district runs one main school, Pontiac High School