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The Lost Weekend (film)

The Lost Weekend is a 1945 American film directed by Billy Wilder starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman. It was based on Charles R. Jackson's 1944 novel of the same name about an alcoholic writer; the film was nominated for seven Academy Awards and won four: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Adapted Screenplay. It shared the Grand Prix at the first Cannes Film Festival, making it one of only three films (the other two being Marty and Parasite to win both the Academy Award for Best Picture and the highest award at Cannes. In 2011, The Lost Weekend was added to the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant." On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 100% based on 33 reviews, with an average rating of 8.32/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Director Billy Wilder's unflinchingly honest look at the effects of alcoholism may have had some of its impact blunted by time, but it remains a powerful and remarkably prescient film."

On Thursday, alcoholic New York writer Don Birnam, is packing for a weekend vacation with his brother Wick. When Don's girlfriend Helen drops by, mentions that she has two tickets for a concert that day, Don suggests that Wick attend with Helen. Knowing they had disposed of all the liquor Don had hidden in the apartment, that he has no money for more, they go to the concert. After finding ten dollars that Wick had left for the cleaning lady Don heads for Nat's Bar, calling in at a liquor store to purchase two bottles of rye on the way. Don intends to be back home in time to meet Wick and catch their train, but he loses track of time due to his drinking; when he arrives home he sees Wick leaving and Helen saying she will stay and wait for Don, worried about him being left alone. Don sneaks back into the flat. Hiding one of his bottles of whisky in the lampshade, he settles into a chair to drink the other one. On Friday, back at Nat's Bar, Nat criticizes Don for treating Helen so badly. Don tells Nat that he intends to write a novel about his battle with alcoholism, called'The Bottle'.

He recalls. He and Helen soon struck up a romance, he remained sober during this time; when he goes to meet her parents, he overhears them talking about him being unemployed, wondering if he is good enough for their daughter. He loses his nerve and sneaks off, she goes to his flat, where Wick tries to cover for him, but Don confesses that he is two people: "Don the writer", whose fear of failure causes him to drink, "Don the drunk" who always has to be bailed out by Wick. Helen devotes herself to helping him. After telling Nat the story behind his proposed novel, Don, in determined mood heads back home to begin writing it. However, after typing out the title page his alcohol cravings get the better of him and he begins a desperate search for the other bottle from the previous night, which he knows he has hidden away somewhere. After failing to find it he visits another bar, where he is thrown out after being discovered stealing money from a woman's purse because he didn't have enough to pay the bill.

Back in his flat, he drinks himself into a stupor. On Saturday, Don is broke. After being thrown out of Nat's Bar and desperate for money, he visits a girl who has had a long-held crush on him, she gives him some money. On Sunday, Don wakes up in an alcoholics' ward where male nurse Bim Nolan mocks him and other guests at "Hangover Plaza". Bim offers to help cure his delirium tremens, but Don refuses help and manages to escape while the staff are occupied with a raving, violent patient. On Monday, Don spends the day drinking. Suffering from an episode of delirium tremens, he hallucinates a nightmarish scene in which a bat flies in his window and kills a mouse, spilling its blood. Helen returns, alerted by Don's landlady. Finding him collapsed and in a delirious state, she stays overnight on his couch. On Tuesday morning, Don pawns Helen's coat, the one that had brought them together, she trails him to the pawn shop, thinking that he sold her coat to buy alcohol, but learns from the pawnbroker that he traded the coat for his gun for which he has the bullets at home.

She interrupts him just before he is about to shoot himself. She grabs the weapon; as she pleads with him, reminding him of her love, Nat arrives to return Don's typewriter, which the bartender says he found "floating around in the Nile". After Nat leaves, Helen is able to convince him that "Don the writer" and "Don the drunk" are the same person, he commits to writing his novel The Bottle, dedicated to her, which will recount the events of the weekend. He drops a cigarette into a glass of whisky to make it undrinkable, as evidence of his resolve. Wilder was drawn to this material after having worked with Raymond Chandler on the screenplay for Double Indemnity. Chandler was a recovering alcoholic at the time, the stress and tumultuous relationship with Wilder during the collaboration caused him to start drinking again. Wilder made the film, in part. Billy Wilder wanted Jose Ferrer for the role of Don, but he turned it down. Charles Brackett's first choice for playing Helen was Olivia de Havilland, but she was involved with a lawsuit that prevented her from bein

Parallax, Inc.

Parallax Inc. is a held company in Rocklin, California. Parallax Inc. designs and sells BASIC Stamp microcontrollers, Propeller microcontrollers, microcontroller accessories, educational robot kits, educational curriculum. Parallax is headquartered in Rocklin; the Rocklin office employs thirty-five people in research and development, manufacturing, education and technical support. Parallax Inc. has over seventy distributors around the world, including Radio Shack, Jameco Electronics, Fry's Electronics. Established in 1987, in Rocklin, Parallax Inc. manufactured products such as the ISEPIC, TopRAM, the first third-party Microchip PIC Programmer. In 1992, the BASIC Stamp 1 microcontroller module was released. In 1995, the BASIC Stamp 2 module was added to the product lineup. By 2002, there were over three million BASIC Stamp microcontrollers in use around the world. In 1997, the Stamps in Class program was created to provide educational resources that addressed the needs of electronic students ages 14 and up.

The Boe-Bot is one of the company’s most popular products in the educational program. In 1998, Parallax Inc. formed a partnership with Ubicom to develop tools and BASIC Stamps using their new SX microcontrollers. Company founder Chip Gracey designed the SX-Key Programming Tool to make programming Ubicom’s SX chips affordable, and in 2005, Parallax Inc. and Ubicom formed an agreement in which Parallax Inc. was made the exclusive supplier of the SX microcontroller. In 2006, after eight years of development time, Parallax launched their Parallax Propeller microcontroller; the Propeller 2 multicore processor does not have a release date yet. The Propeller 2 processor includes features requested by customers such as code protection, additional RAM and more input/output pins; the Propeller is a multicore system. It uses, it can be programmed in the interpreted Spin programming language. It comes with a software library of objects for a various sets of input/output devices, such as UARTs and a video display controller emulated in software.

The Propeller is supported by third-party compiler developers who have developed platforms in C and BASIC. The Parallax Propeller is recognized as being easy to program. Released in 1995, the BASIC Stamp was so named. Programmed in PBASIC, the BASIC Stamp found an audience in electronic hobbyists with powerful I/O commands that made it easy to connect to other electronic components; the Boe-Bot is a programmable wheeled robot with a BASIC Stamp 2 brain, used by educators and hobbyists. After being introduced in 1998, it is one of Parallax's top selling robots. Parallax manufactures sensors to measure distance, humidity, pressure, RPMs, altitude; these sensors are either surface-mounted components on a printed circuit board or in packages that are acceptable for breadboard-style mounting. Each sensor is supported with educational documentation. Launched in 1997, Stamps In Class curriculum was designed to introduce students and educators to BASIC Stamp microcontrollers using software basics, circuit building, simple hardware.

One tutorial in the Stamps in Class series is the Boe-Bot, a simple yet versatile rolling robot that has a BASIC Stamp brain. The Propeller education program was developed to teach; the Propeller features eight 32-bit processors. The Propeller education program demonstrates how to program the microcontroller for use in process control and signal generation and robotics; the program is designed for engineering students who have product design requirements in their curriculum. Filling a niche in the technology market by offering robotics for hobbyists and students, Parallax has been featured in magazines including: Make Magazine, SERVO Magazine, Robot Magazine, Nuts and Volts; the original UPE, the Unofficial Propeller Expo North East was hosted by a long time Parallax Forum member, "Oldbitcollector." He labeled it "Unofficial" so hobbyists could meet and exchange projects and advice about Parallax robotics without getting permission to host an "Official Propeller Expo." However, Parallax came on board and now many Parallax employees can be found at each expo, talking with hobbyists and inventors.

The UPENE was an annual event located in Ohio, at the Norwalk Community Center. The expo consists of educators, engineers and students setting up tables and sharing their experiments and products based on or inspired by microcontrollers such as the Parallax Propeller; the UPENE was the first of the three existing UPE's. As Parallax unofficially sponsors the expo, the company was joined by a second sponsor: the company Gadget Gangster; the UPEC known as the "Chicagoland Propeller Expo," was a one-day event held at the 807 Building in Ottawa, Illinois. The UPEW, was the only one of the three UPE's to be located at Parallax's offices in Rocklin, California; this UPE offers a special educator's course hosted by Parallax's engineer and author Andy Lindsay. Before 2004, the Parallax product user support forum was hosted in Yahoo! Discussion Groups. In 2004, this discussion group was moved from Yahoo! to Parallax Forums, located through Parallax's website. Members discuss projects and products designed around the BASIC Stamp and Propeller Chip.

Students can use the forums as a place to ask questions and receive direction to solve

Tomohiro Nioka

Tomohiro Nioka is a Japanese former professional baseball player. He played for the Yomiuri Giants and Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters. Nioka threw right-handed. Tomohiro Nioka was the second draft pick of the Yomiuri Giants in 1999, he made his pro debut that year, playing in 126 games and hitting.289. The following season he played in 119 games, hit 10 home runs, collected 32 runs batted in. Nioka played in only 86 games in 2001, played in 112 in 2002, he compiled a. 281 average in the 2002 season. The Giants won the championship in 2002, Nioka won the Japan Series Most Valuable Player Award. Tomohiro had a career season in 2003, he played in 140 games, hit.300, the first.300 season of his career. Nioka recorded career highs in hits, home runs, stolen bases and runs scored. Nioka played a large part in keeping the Giants out of the cellar that year by hitting many home runs that helped snap losing skids, including a home run on September 18 that helped the Giants win, 5 to 3, end a 9-game losing streak.

The Giants tied for 3rd place in 2003. In 2004, Tomohiro still managed to collect 88 hits, he had a strong comeback year in 2005, driving in 58 runs. Nioka hit.301 in a new career high. In 2006, he reached the 20-home run mark for the third time by sending 25 over the fence. In 2007, Nioka hit.295, hit 20 home runs, set a career high in RBI with 83. He played at both short and third base in'07. On November 14, 2008, Nioka and Masanori Hayashi were acquired by the Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters for Takahito Kudo and Micheal Nakamura, it was rumored over the 2007 Major League Baseball offseason that Nioka, a free agent after the'07 season, was interested in playing in the big leagues. He was quoted as saying "I'd most consider playing in the Major Leagues" in 2003, it was reported that possible destinations for Nioka might be the Chicago White Sox, Toronto Blue Jays, Tampa Bay Rays, San Francisco Giants, or St. Louis Cardinals. In July 2008, the Japanese tabloid weekly Josei Seven reported, with pictures, that Nioka, married, had gone to a love hotel with TV announcer Mona Yamamoto.

The two met by chance at a gay bar in Shinjuku ni-chōme, Tokyo and, according to the newspaper, traveled to the hotel after drinking and conversing for several hours. The incident received widespread press attention in Japan. Nippon Professional Baseball career statistics from MLB4U 2003 in the Central League Baseball MLB Trade Rumors

Confederate Monument in Augusta

The Confederate Monument in Bracken County, Kentucky, in Augusta, honors eight unknown Confederate soldiers who were killed attacking Augusta in September 1862. Confederate Colonel Basil W. Duke led a force of Confederate soldiers to raid the town, on September 27, 1862, only to be driven back by a home guard force numbering 100 and backed up by gunboats. Eight Confederate soldiers of the 21 who died were buried in Payne Cemetery. In 1903 the present monument was placed at their burial spot; the monument is a granite tombstone four feet high with a base three feet wide. At the top of the tombstone is the Confederate battle flag; the stone was placed where the unknown soldiers were buried, forty-one years after the skirmish in which they were killed. The John B. Hood Camp of the United Confederate Veterans was responsible for the funding for the monument, which totaled $550. On July 17, 1997, the Confederate Monument in Augusta was one of sixty-one different monuments related to the Civil War in Kentucky placed on the National Register of Historic Places, as part of the Civil War Monuments of Kentucky Multiple Property Submission.

It is the most northerly of the monuments on the list. The monument is best reached from the parking area by the flagpole on the river side of Kentucky State Road 8 west of town by descending the nearby stairs; the only other route involves walking across private yards and up a steep 100 foot hill through Payne Cemetery

Arrowsmith v. Commissioner

Arrowsmith v. Commissioner, 344 U. S. 6, is a United States Supreme Court case regarding taxation. The case involves taxpayers who liquidated a corporation in 1937; the taxpayers reported the income from the liquidation as long-term capital gains, thus obtaining a preferential tax rate. Subsequent to the liquidation in 1944, the taxpayers were required to pay a judgment arising from the affairs of the liquidated corporation; the taxpayers classified this payment as an ordinary business loss, which would allow them to take a greater deduction for the loss than would be permitted for a capital loss. The "Arrowsmith Doctrine" is a principle of United States Federal Income tax law that holds that financial restorations associated with prior income items take the same tax "flavor" as the prior income items; the Commissioner of Internal Revenue characterized the payment of the judgment as part of the original liquidation transaction, therefore the loss was a capital loss and not an ordinary business loss.

The Tax Court found it to be an ordinary business loss. The Second Circuit Court of Appeals held it to be a capital loss; the U. S. Supreme Court held that it was a capital loss. Allowing the income from the liquidation to be taxed as a capital gain, while allowing loss payments out of that income to be deducted as an ordinary business expense would result in a windfall for the taxpayers, they would gain a double benefit by paying a lower tax on capital gain income, but would be able to offset high-rate income by using the ordinary loss deduction. The taxpayers principally relied on the well-settled rule. However, the Supreme Court held treating the proceeds of the liquidation did not violate this rule, as it in no way attempts to reopen or amend the tax filings from 1937-1940; this case was decided prior to the enactment of Sec. 1341 of the Internal Revenue Code, however that statute would not have changed the outcome in this particular case. List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 344 Farer, Tom J..

"Corporate Liquidations: Transmuting Ordinary Income into Capital Gains". Harvard Law Review. 75: 527–547. Doi:10.2307/1338392. JSTOR 1338392. Schenk, Deborah H.. "Arrowsmith and Its Progeny: Tax Characterization by Reference to Past Events". Rutgers Law Review. 33: 317. ISSN 0036-0465. Storey, R. W.. "Transferees of Liquidated Corporations—Their Tax Liability". Journal of Public Law. 2: 220. ISSN 0022-4014. Text of Arrowsmith v. Commissioner, 344 U. S. 6 is available from: CourtListener Findlaw Google Scholar Justia Library of Congress

Robert Close

Robert Close was an Australian novelist. His early life was clouded by disappointment, he hated school, his a passion for a life at sea was blighted when he was found to have colour blindness. Tuberculosis thwarted a possible singing career. During the 1930s Depression, he worked variously as a labourer, manager and debt collector, he won prizes as a short-story writer. In a publicised case, in 1946 he and "Georgian House Pty Ltd", the publisher of his 1945 novel Love Me Sailor, were prosecuted in the Supreme Court of Victoria for "obscene libel". During the first trial, the entire 90,000-word book was read to the jury by counsel for the prosecution twice: the first jury was discharged when the court was notified that the foreman of the jury had discussed the case with one of Close's friends. Close was sentenced to three months' imprisonment and a fine of £100; this was overturned on appeal. Close left Australia for France in 1950, his works included Eliza Callaghan, loosely based on the life of Elizabeth Callaghan, the spouse of Australian pioneer and businessman John Batman, The Voyage Continues.

He returned to Australia in 1975 but after two years relocated to Majorca, where he died in 1995. His autobiography, Of Salt and Earth, was published in 1977. Secrets of the censors: Obscenity in the Archives from the National Archives of Australia Robert S. Close at sections 132 and 134 of the archive from the library of the University of Melbourne