Mixed-sex education known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation, is a system of education where males and females are educated together. Whereas single-sex education was more common up to the 19th century, mixed-sex education has since become standard in many cultures in Western countries. Single-sex education, remains prevalent in many Muslim countries; the relative merits of both systems have been the subject of debate. The world's oldest co-educational day and boarding school is Dollar Academy, a junior and senior school for males and females from ages 5 to 18 in Scotland, United Kingdom. From its opening in 1818 the school admitted both boys and girls of the parish of Dollar and the surrounding area; the school continues in existence to the present day with around 1,250 pupils. The first co-educational college to be founded was Oberlin Collegiate Institute in Ohio, it opened on December 3, 1833, including 29 men and 15 women. Equal status for women did not arrive until 1837, the first three women to graduate with bachelor's degrees did so in 1840.
By the late 20th century, many institutions of higher learning, for people of one sex had become coeducational. In early civilizations, people were educated informally: within the household; as time progressed, education became more formal. Women had few rights when education started to become a more important aspect of civilization. Efforts of the ancient Greek and Chinese societies focused on the education of males. In ancient Rome, the availability of education was extended to women, but they were taught separately from men; the early Christians and medieval Europeans continued this trend, single-sex schools for the privileged classes prevailed through the Reformation period. In the 16th century, at the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic church reinforced the establishment of free elementary schools for children of all classes; the concept of universal elementary education, regardless of sex, had been created. After the Reformation, coeducation was introduced in western Europe, when certain Protestant groups urged that boys and girls should be taught to read the Bible.
The practice became popular in northern England and colonial New England, where young children, both male and female, attended dame schools. In the late 18th century, girls were admitted to town schools; the Society of Friends in England, as well as in the United States, pioneered coeducation as they did universal education, in Quaker settlements in the British colonies and girls attended school together. The new free public elementary, or common schools, which after the American Revolution supplanted church institutions, were always coeducational, by 1900 most public high schools were coeducational as well. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, coeducation grew much more accepted. In Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the education of girls and boys in the same classes became an approved practice. In Australia there is a trend towards increased coeducational schooling with new coeducational schools opening, few new single sex schools opening and existing single sex schools combining or opening their doors to the opposite gender.
The first mixed-sex institution of higher learning in China was the Nanjing Higher Normal Institute, renamed National Central University and Nanjing University. For millennia in China, public schools public higher learning schools, were for men. Only schools established by zongzu were for both male and female students; some schools such as Li Zhi's school in Ming Dynasty and Yuan Mei's school in Qing Dynasty enrolled both male and female students. In the 1910s women's universities were established such as Ginling Women's University and Peking Girls' Higher Normal School, but there were no coeducation in higher learning schools. Tao Xingzhi, the Chinese advocator of mixed-sex education, proposed The Audit Law for Women Students at the meeting of Nanjing Higher Normal School held on December seventh, 1919, he proposed that the university recruit female students. The idea was supported by the president Guo Bingwen, academic director Liu Boming, such famous professors as Lu Zhiwei and Yang Xingfo, but opposed by many famous men of the time.
The meeting decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal School enrolled eight Chinese female students in 1920. In the same year Peking University began to allow women students to audit classes. One of the most notable female students of that time was Jianxiong Wu. In 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded; the Chinese government has provided more equal opportunities for education since and all schools and universities have become mixed-sex. In recent years, many female and/or single-sex schools have again emerged for special vocational training needs but equal rights for education still apply to all citizens. In China Muslim Hui and Muslim Salars are against coeducation, due to Islam, Uyghurs are the only Muslims in China that do not mind coeducation and practice it. Admission to the Sorbonne was opened to girls in 1860; the baccalaureat became gender-blind in 1924, giving equal chances to all girls in applying to any universities. Mixed-sex education became mandatory for primary schools in 1957 and for all universities in 1975.
St. Paul's Co-educational College was the first mixed-sex secondary school in Hong Kong, it was founded in 1915 as St. Paul's Girls' College. At the end of World War II it was temporarily merged with St. Paul's College, a boys' school; when classes at the campus of St. Paul'
A middle school is an educational stage which exists in some countries, providing education between primary school and secondary school. The concept and classification of middle schools, as well as the ages covered, vary between, sometimes within, countries. In Afghanistan, middle school consists of the primary school grades 5,6, 7 and the secondary school grade 8. In Albania, middle school is included in the primary education which lasts 9 years and attendance is mandatory. In Algeria, a middle school includes 4 grades; the ciclo básico of secondary education is equivalent to middle school. Most regions of Australia do not have middle schools, as students go directly from primary school to secondary school; as an alternative to the middle school model, some secondary schools divided their grades into "junior high school" and "senior high school". Some have three levels, "junior", "intermediate", "senior". In 1996 and 1997, a national conference met to develop what became known as the National Middle Schooling Project, which aimed to develop a common Australian view of early adolescent needs guiding principles for educators appropriate strategies to foster positive adolescent learning.
The first middle school established in Australia was The Armidale School, in Armidale. Other schools have since followed this trend; the Northern Territory has introduced a three tier system featuring Middle Schools for years 7–9 and high school year 10–12. Many schools across Queensland have introduced a Middle School tier within their schools; the middle schools cover years 5 to 8. In Bangladesh, middle school is not separated like other countries. Schools are from class 1 to class 10, it means upper primary. From class 6–8 is thought as middle school. Grades 1,2,3,4 and 5 are said to be primary school while all the classes from 6 to 9 are considered high school while 10–12 is called college. There aren't middle schools in Bolivia since 1994. Students aged 11–15 attend the last years of elementary education or the first years of secondary education. In Bosnia and Herzegovina "middle school" refers to educational institutions for ages between 14 and 18, lasts 3–4 years, following elementary school.
Gymnasiums are the most prestigious type of "middle" school. In Brazil, middle school is a mandatory stage that precedes High School called "Ensino Fundamental II" consisting of grades 6 to 9, ages 11 to 14. In Canada, the terms "Middle School" and "Junior High School" are both used, depending on which grades the school caters to. Junior high schools tend to include only grades 7, 8, sometimes 9, whereas middle schools are grades 6–8 or only grades 7–8 or 6–7, varying from area to area and according to population vs. building capacity. Another common model is grades 5–8. Alberta, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island junior high schools include only grades 7–9, with the first year of high school traditionally being grade 10. In some places students go from elementary school to secondary school, meaning the elementary school covers to the end of Grade 8. In Ontario, the term "Middle School" and "Senior Public School" are used, with the latter being used in the Old Toronto and Scarborough sections of Toronto plus in Mississauga and Kitchener-Waterloo.
In many smaller Ontario cities and in some parts of larger cities, most elementary schools serve junior kindergarten to grade 8 meaning there are no separate Middle Schools buildings, while in some cities specific schools do serve the intermediate grades but are still called "Elementary" or "Public" schools with no recognition of the grades they serve in their name. Quebec uses a grade system, different from those of the other provinces. In Quebec there is no Middle school section; the Secondary level has five grades starting after Elementary Grade 6. These are called Secondary I to Secondary V. There aren't middle schools in Chile. Students aged 11 to 16 attend the last years of educación básica or the first years of educación media. In the People's Republic of China, middle school has junior stage and senior stage; the junior stage education is the last 3 years of 9-year-compulsory education for all young citizens. Some middle schools have both stages; the admissions for most students to enroll in senior middle schools from junior stage are on the basis of the scores that they get in "Senior Middle School Entrance Exam", which are held by local governments.
Other students may bypass the exam, based on their distinctive talents, like athletics, or excellent daily performance in junior stage. Secondary education is divided into basic secondary and
Department for Education
The Department for Education is a department of Her Majesty's Government responsible for child protection, education and wider skills in England. A Department for Education existed between 1992, when the Department of Education and Science was renamed, 1995 when it was merged with the Department for Employment to become the Department for Education and Employment; the DfE was formed on 12 May 2010 by the incoming Cameron ministry, taking on the responsibilities and resources of the Department for Children and Families. In June 2012 the Department for Education committed a breach of the UK's Data Protection Act due to a security flaw on its website which made email addresses and comments of people responding to consultation documents available for download. In July 2016, the Department took over responsibilities for higher and further education and for apprenticeship from the dissolved Department for Business and Skills. Committee of the Privy Council on Education, 1839–1899 Education Department, 1856–1899 Board of Education, 1899–1944 Ministry of Education, 1944–1964 Department of Education and Science, 1964–1992 Department for Education, 1992–1995 Department for Education and Employment, 1995–2001 Department for Education and Skills, 2001–2007 Department for Children and Families, 2007–2010 The department is led by the Secretary of State for Education.
The Permanent Secretary is Jonathan Slater. DfE is responsible for education, children’s services and further education policy and wider skills in England, equalities; the predecessor department employed the equivalent of 2,695 staff as of April 2008 and as at June 2016, DfE had reduced its workforce to the equivalent of 2,301 staff. In 2015-16, the DfE has a budget of £58.2bn, which includes £53.6bn resource spending and £4.6bn of capital investments. The Department for Education's ministers are as follows: The management board is made up of: Permanent Secretary - Jonathan Slater Director-General, Social Care and Equalities - Indra Morris Director-General, Education Standards - Paul Kett Director-General and Funding - Andrew McCully Director-General and Further Education - Philippa Lloyd Chief Financial and Operating Officer, Insight and Transformation - Howard Orme Chief Executive, Education & Skills Funding Agency - Eileen MilnerNon-executive board members: Marion Plant OBE; the Education Funding Agency was responsible for distributing funding for state education in England for 3-19 year olds, as well as managing the estates of schools, colleges and the Skills Funding Agency was responsible for funding skills training for further education in England and running the National Apprenticeship Service and the National Careers Service.
The EFA was formed on 1 April 2012 by bringing together the functions of two non-departmental public bodies, the Young People's Learning Agency and Partnerships for Schools. The SFA was formed on 1 April 2010, following the closure of the Skills Council. Eileen Milner is the agency's Chief Executive; the National College for Teaching and Leadership is responsible for administering the training of new and existing teachers in England, as well as the regulation of the teaching profession and offers headteachers, school leaders and senior children's services leaders opportunities for professional development. It was established on 1 April 2013, when the Teaching Agency merged with the National College for School Leadership; the National College for Teaching and Leadership was replaced by the Department for Education and Teaching Regulation Agency in April 2018. The Standards and Testing Agency is responsible for developing and delivering all statutory assessments for school pupils in England, it was formed on 1 October 2011 and took over the functions of the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency.
The STA is regulated by Ofqual. The DfE is supported by 10 public bodies: Education and children's policy is devolved elsewhere in the UK; the department's main devolved counterparts are as follows: Scotland Scottish Government – Learning and Justice DirectoratesNorthern Ireland Department of Education Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister Wales Welsh Government – Department for Education and Skills The Department for Education released a new National Curriculum for schools in England for September 2014, which included'Computing'. Following Michael Gove's speech in 2012, the subject of Information Communication Technology has been disapplied and replaced by Computing. With the new curriculum, materials have been written by commercial companies, to support non-specialist teachers, for example,'100 Computing Lessons' by Scholastic; the Computing at Schools organisation has created a'Network of Teaching Excellence'to support schools with the new curriculum. In 2015, the Department announced a major restructuring of the
Barlestone is a village and civil parish in the Hinckley and Bosworth district of Leicestershire, England. The 2001 Census recorded a parish population of 2,471, increasing marginally to 2,481 at the 2011 census; the village adjoins the neighbouring village of Osbaston. Although coal miners lived in the village, there was never a mine at Barlestone, the miners travelling to pits in Bagworth, Coalville or Newbold Heath. A pit wheel from a coal mine was installed as a monument during the late 1980s to commemorate the miners; the village has four churches. The Church of England parish church of Saint Giles on Church Road was designed by the Gothic Revival architect Ewan Christian and built in 1855. There is a Methodist church on Newbold Road. Elohim Church at Elohim Church Hub, Newbold Road, was the Jolly Toper public house. Barlestone's public house is The Three Tuns. Another pub in the village, the former Red Lion, is now an Indian restaurant. There is a Co-Operative store opposite The Three Tuns pub.
There are two hairdressers, a post office, a fish and chip shop, a Chinese take-away, Barlestone St Giles Sports & Social Club and two Indian restaurants St. Giles Football Club plays matches on Saturdays and Sunday afternoons and ladies' and Junior matches on Sunday's. Barlestone Church of England Primary School is a coeducational school that educates around 170 pupils between the ages of 4 and 11; when children leave the school most transfer to The Market Bosworth School, before going on to Bosworth Academy in Desford. Barlestone.com Barlestone.net Barlestone St Giles Football Club Barlestone in the Domesday Book
Ashby School known as Ashby Grammar School, is a co-educational day and boys' boarding upper school with academy status in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, England. The school is situated in the centre of Ashby on two sites. Ashby Grammar School, the original boys' school, was founded in 1567 by Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon; the girls' grammar school opened in 1901. They became comprehensive. Ashby School became an Academy on 1 October 2012. T. A. Woodcock OBE Charles Padel John Brinsley the elder Dr Ron Alison David Edward Herbert Cedric Ingleton Vivian Keller Garnet Eddie Green Geoff Staniforth Sir Mike Tomlinson CBE, Chief Inspector of Schools from 2000-2 Ashby School is based on three main sites, based on adjacent roads; the school has spent considerable funds on the construction of a new science block, new rooms in the design department, more a new block built to accommodate music and media studies. In 2007, a modern block was built for English. Construction of the new sixth form centre has been completed, there is now a social area, a canteen area and an area for relaxing and talking to friends, referred to as the "airport lounge".
The state-of-the-art centre includes a Sixth-Form dining area. The school has eight houses: Ashe, Crewe, Ferrers, Gylby and Loudoun; each house chooses a charity for the year. The school adheres to the Ofsted national school grading system and received good as an average for all areas assessed; the highest rating areas were responsibility of governors, workplace skill development and student well-being where a score of outstanding was attained.'Da Vinci' is the school's current gifted and talented system. The'Tip Tops' is a group of primary pupils in years 5 and 6 from local primary schools in the Ashby area, they attend after-school sessions in which they are tutored in advanced mathematics, film studies, science and philosophy by gifted and talented students from Ashby School. The Ashby School's gifted and talented programme was rated three stars by the National Association for Gifted Children in 2010. In November 2011 a Russian cosmonaut involved in the planning of the manned mission to Mars visited the school and gave a lecture to the'G&T'.
In 2016 Ashby School created controversy when it proposed to auction the medals, including a Victoria Cross, won by Lt Col. Philip Bent, donated to the school "to inspire future pupils"; the VC is loaned to the Royal Leicestershire Regimental Museum. The proceeds from the sale were to be put "towards the building of... proposed new pavilion", in order to "receive revenue from lettings". In May 2016 the school was unable to prove ownership of the medals. In 2018, a pavilion is set to be built following a successful funding bid to the Healthy Schools initiative. Former pupils are known as Old Ashbeians. Andrew Betts Henry Dartnall, popular musician Dorian West The Young Knives Nathan Buck Tom Hopper Sir Geoffrey Arthur, Master of Pembroke College, Oxford, 1975–84 John Bainbridge Philip Bent, VC Prof John Betteridge, Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism at UCL Medical School, 1994-2010 Sir John Bonser, barrister William Bradshaw, puritan Jack English, photographer Levi Fox, historian Anthony Gilby, clergyman Alexander Henry Green, geologist Leslie Hale, Baron Hale, Labour MP for Oldham from 1945 to 1950 and Oldham West from 1950 to 1968 Joseph Hall, Bishop of Norwich Thomas Hemsley CBE, baritone Dr Barry Heywood, Director from 1994 to 1997 of the British Antarctic Survey Sir Joseph Hood, 1st Baronet, Conservative MP from 1918-24 for Wimbledon Prof Ernst Huehns, Professor of Haematology at UCL Medical School, 1975-1990 Sir James Hunt, judge Reginald Jacques CBE, conductor David Nish, capped five times for England David Taylor, Labour MP from 1997-2009 for North West Leicestershire Bernard Vann, VC David Wilson CBE, chairman of Wilson Bowden, 1987-2007 John Lane, past president of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland and the Glasgow Institute of Architects Averil Burgess OBE, Chairman from 1993-2000 of the Independent Schools Inspectorate, Headmistress from 1975-1993 of South Hampstead High School Nora David, Baroness David Clare Hollingworth, journalist Angela Piper, plays Jennifer Aldridge in The Archers Prof Diane Reay, Professor of Education since 2005 at the University of Cambridge Official site Leics CC page
Market Bosworth is a small market town and civil parish in western Leicestershire, England. At the 2001 Census, it had a population of 1,906. In 1974, Market Bosworth Rural District merged with Hinckley Rural District to form the district of Hinckley and Bosworth. Building work at the old Cattle Market and other sites has revealed evidence of settlement on the hill since the Bronze Age. Remains of a Roman villa have been found on the east side of Barton Road. Bosworth as an Anglo-Saxon village dates from the 8th century. Before the Norman Conquest of 1066, there were two manors at Bosworth one belonging to an Anglo-Saxon knight named Fernot, some sokemen. Following the Norman conquest, as recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, both the Anglo-Saxon manors and the village were part of the lands awarded by William the Conqueror to the Count of Meulan from Normandy, Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester. Subsequently, the village passed by marriage dowry to the English branch of the French House of Harcourt.
King Edward I gave a royal charter to Sir William Harcourt allowing a market to be held every Wednesday. The village took the name Market Bosworth from 12 May 1285, on this day became a "town" by common definition; the two oldest buildings in Bosworth, St. Peter's Church and the Red Lion pub, were built during the 14th century; the Battle of Bosworth took place to south of the town in 1485 as the final battle in the Wars of the Roses between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. Following the discovery of the remains of Richard III in Leicester during 2012, on Sunday 22 March 2015 the king's funeral cortège passed through the town on its way to Leicester Cathedral for his reburial; this event is now commemorated with a floor plaque in front of the war memorial in the town square. In 1509 the manor passed from the Harcourts to the Grey family. In 1554, following the beheading of Lady Jane Grey, the manor of Bosworth was among lands confiscated in the name of Mary I of England and her husband Philip II of Spain.
They awarded the manor to the Catholic nobleman Edward Hastings. In 1567, his heirs sold it to Lord Mayor of London, who never lived in Bosworth; the first Dixie to live in Bosworth was his grand-nephew, Sir Wolstan Dixie of Appleby Magna, who moved to the town in 1608. He started construction of a manor house and park, as well as establishing the free Dixie Grammar School; the modern hall, Bosworth Hall, was the work of 2nd Baronet. In 1885 the 11th Baronet'Beau' Dixie was forced to auction Bosworth Hall to pay his gambling debts, it was bought by Lady Agnes Tollemache, whose husband Charles Tollemache Scott enlarged the estate, planted woodlands and rebuilt the lodges and farms. Lady Agnes' daughter sold the estate in 1913; the War Memorial in the town square honours 19 local men who died in the First World War, 11 men dead in the Second World War. This includes people born, having lived in Market Bosworth. William Bradshaw – Puritan Dr. John Charles Bucknill – asylum reformer, psychiatrist Sir Charles Carter Chitham, policeman in British India Richard Dawes – Latin scholar Lady Florence Dixie – wife of the 11th baronet.
Revised his father's book Leicestershire Words and Proverbs, Davey Graham - influential folk guitarist, born at Bosworth Infirmary and commemorated with a blue memorial plaque James Holden – electronic music producer Thomas Hooker – Puritan, founder of Connecticut Samuel Johnson – essayist and lexicographer. C. in the 1920s Thomas Simpson – mathematician Ollie Smith - England international rugby player began his career with Market Bosworth RFC The Town entered into the Britain in Bloom competition on the 500th anniversary of the battle in 1985. Floral decorations were displayed around the town; the success of this entry caused the formation of the "Bosworth in Bloom Committee", to prepare for more displays. In 2012 -- the Town won a Gold Award; the town has two football teams, AFC Market Bosworth and Market Bosworth FC. Both have teams across various age groups from under 5s to over 35s; the triathlon club and cricket club are based at the same ground as Market Bosworth FC, the sports and social club.
The town has a rugby club and a tennis club. The facilities within Market Bosworth are good for a town of its size; the market square is in the centre of the town, surrounded by various shops, including craft shops, small cafes, a traditional butchers and green grocers store, a bank and estate agents. A regular market takes place on monthly Sunday Farmers' Markets; the town has three schools, Market Bosworth Primary and Junior School, The Market Bosworth School, the private Dixie Grammar School, three churches, Anglican and Free Church, a fire statio
Belvoir High School
Belvoir High School, now known as The Priory Belvoir Academy, is a mixed secondary school located in Bottesford in the English county of Leicestershire. The school also operated Melton Vale Post 16 Centre in Melton Mowbray. A middle school, Belvoir High School changed its intake in 2008 and became a secondary school for pupils aged 11 to 16, it was converted as part of the Belvoir and Melton Academy Trust. In 2017, the Belvoir and Melton Academy Trust was discontinued and the Belvoir High School became part of The Priory Federation of Academies Trust; as of 2018, the school's most recent Ofsted inspection was in 2015, the judgement was Good. Melton Vale Post 16 Centre is a sixth form centre located in Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire. From 2012 to 2017 it was part of the Melton Academy Trust. In 2017 it became part of the Nova Academy Trust; as of 2018, the centre's most recent Ofsted inspection was in 2015, the judgement was Outstanding. Robert Harris, novelist Sean Lamont, rugby player Belvoir High School official website Melton Vale Post 16 Centre official website Bottesford Living History: Schools The Priory Federation of Academies Trust