Royal Randwick Racecourse is a racecourse for horse racing located in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales. Randwick Racecourse is Crown Land leased to the Australian Turf Club and known to many Sydney racegoers as headquarters; the racecourse is located six kilometres from the Sydney Central Business District in the suburb of Randwick. The course proper has a circumference of 2224m with a home straight of 410m. On 14 October 2017, the inaugural running of The Everest was held at Royal Randwick; the Everest is the richest race in Australia and the richest turf race in the world with $10 million in prize money. Since 2014, Randwick hosts The Championships, a two-day season-ending meeting in April that offers over AUD$20 million in prize money, it features several Group 1 races such as the Australian Derby, Doncaster Handicap and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. Other annual events include Spring Carnival and the Chinese Festival of Racing. In January 1833, NSW Governor Richard Bourke designated the land for use as a racecourse.
Up until Hyde Park in the Sydney CBD had been the main venue for racing within the city. The first race held at Randwick was a private event held in June 1833; the course was known as the'Sandy Course' due to the condition of the ground. In 1840 racing was only used for training. In the early 1840s, the Australian Jockey Club was formed and in 1860 moved its headquarters to Randwick. In May of that year, racing resumed at the venue with a crowd of 6,000 people attending. In 1863 the land was granted to the AJC and was held until 2011 when the AJC and the Sydney Turf Club merged to become the Australian Turf Club; the ATC are the current operators of Royal Randwick Racecourse. On 22 February 1992, Queen Elizabeth II opened the Paddock Stand. On this date, upon request, the Queen granted permission for the venue to be known as Royal Randwick. From this date the venue was able to be referred to as'Royal Randwick'. An extract from a letter from Kenneth Scott, Deputy Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II, to the club reads: "You do not need me to tell you how much The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh enjoyed their visit to the Royal Randwick Racecourse today.
Her Majesty was glad that she was able, on this occasion, to legitimise your traditional title of "Royal" and to open a handsome new Grandstand." The following is a list of Group races. Besides horseracing, Randwick Racecourse has been used as a venue for many other events including concerts and religious masses. In 1970, Pope Paul VI celebrated mass at Randwick as part of his pastoral visit to Australia; the Racecourse was the site of a mass held by Pope John Paul II in 1995 for the Beatification ceremony of Australia's first potential saint Mary MacKillop. It was the site of the vigil and final mass of World Youth Day 2008 in July 2008. Racing was stopped for several weeks, due to the alterations needed to hold over 400,000 people; this move had been opposed by the Randwick Trainers Association, which holds lease interests over some areas intended to be used for the event. The dispute was resolved, by the federal government and the state government jointly pledging $40 million as reimbursement to the racing industry.
The famous racecourse has appeared in several films, including Mission: Impossible 2. Randwick Racecourse is used as an exam venue by the University of New South Wales. In addition, the annual Future Music Festival was held at the racecourse from 2006 until it was cancelled in 2015 The Queen Elizabeth II Grandstand is the main grandstand building. Constructed in 1969, it was torn down to its bare structure and rebuilt into the current state in 2012 and reopened to the public in 2013, it is 6 storeys high. The Official / Members Stand was constructed in 1886 and still remains today although it has been extended and modified multiple times, in 1907, 1914 and 1920; the Theatre of the Horse known as the "ToTH", is an outdoor auditorium for the presentation of thoroughbred racehorses both before and after a race. The ToTH is linked to the track-front via an underground tunnel in which the horses access the track; the ToTH has a capacity of 4,500 and is used for live music events and functions. The construction of the ToTH was not without controversy, many racegoers have criticised the space for not being located trackside.
The Saddling Paddock Tote Building, known as the Octagonal bar, is located behind the main grandstand. It was constructed in 1917 to house a Totalisator, the fourth in the world to be installed; the building is now used as a bar on race days. The Owners Pavilion is located directly adjacent to the Theatre of the Hose and is a private space for racehorse owners; the pavilion was constructed at the same time as the new QEII Grandstand and ToTH. The Paddock Stand replaced the St Ledger Stand and Grandstand and was a two-storey, horizontal structure; the stand was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in February 1992, it was on this occasion that the Queen certified Randwick as "Royal". The Paddock Stand was demolished in 2012 to make way for the new QEII Grandstand; the Tea House was a large structure at 50m long, 27m wide and two storeys high and could accommodate 1,000 racegoers. The original Tea house burnt down in 1917 and was reconstructed to the same specifications; the Tea House was demolished in 2012 as part of the upgrades to the current layout.
The Ladies Stand known as the Queens or Royal Stand was constructed in 1910 and remained until 1998. The First Grandstand was constructed for the first race meeting at Randwick and was made of Am
The Epsom Handicap is an Australian Turf Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race for horses three years old and older, under handicap conditions over a distance of 1,600 metres at Randwick Racecourse, Australia in early October. Prize money is A$1,000,000. In 1897 Jim McHugh weighing 4 stone 4 pounds and aged 11 years and 4 months was having his second race ride on Robin Hood in the Epsom Handicap and won the race. Jockey, Donald Nicolson won the race in succession five times from 1880 to 1884 and came fifth in 1885, he was killed a few weeks when his mount fell in the 1885 Caulfield Cup. It is one of the major races of the ATC Spring Carnival. Many great milers have won the race, including Chatham and Super Impose, a dual winner of the autumn equivalent, the Doncaster Handicap; the race was named after the famous Epsom Downs Racecourse in the South of England where the classic three-year-old Epsom Derby has been contested since 1780. 1865–1978 - Principle Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 1865–1878 - 1 mile 1879–1884 - 11⁄8 miles 1885–1971 - 1 mile 1972–2000 – 1600 metres 2001 – 1400 metres 2002 onwards - 1600 metres 1865–1982 - Randwick Racecourse 1983 - Warwick Farm Racecourse 1984 onwards - Randwick Racecourse List of Australian Group races Group races
The Barb was an Australian bred Thoroughbred racehorse, famed for winning the 1866 Melbourne Cup, the Sydney Cup twice, other quality races. He was foaled in 1863 at Leeholme, near Bathurst, New South Wales; the Barb was by Sir Hercules, his dam Fair Ellen was by Doctor. He was a brother to Barbelle. Sir Hercules was one of the best colonial sires, having sired 18 stakeswinners for 45 stakeswins including, Yattendon and Zoe; the Barb was sold for 200 guineas as a yearling. He was owned and trained by "Honest John" Tait, who owned and trained three other Melbourne Cup winners: Glencoe, The Pearl and The Quack; the Barb proved to be strung and temperamental. At his first appearance he threw his rider and bolted and because of this side of his nature was known as the "Black Demon"; as a spring three-year-old, The Barb won the sixth AJC Derby by two lengths at his first start from a spell. The Barb went on to win by a short head; the Barb continued to show he was the best horse in Australia and won the Sydney Cup in 1868 and 1869.
As a five-year-old The Barb was undefeated in seven starts. In all The Barb won 15 of his 23 starts; the Barb is listed in the Millers Guide as running 2nd in The Shorts at Randwick in 1875. After The Barb was retired from racing, owner John Tait sold him to Charles Reynolds who sent him to stand at Tocal Stud in the Hunter Region; as a sire, The Barb was unable to produce offspring to equal his own ability. His best horses were: The Barber, QTC Moreton Handicap Strathearn, QTC Brisbane Cup Tocal, VRC Royal Park Stakes, AJC All Aged StakesThe Barb was a good sire of broodmares and a granddaughter was the dam of Wallace, Carbine's best racehorse son in Australia, he died at the age of twenty-five in 1888 at Mitta Mitta. Following its formation, The Barb was inducted in the Australian Racing Hall of Fame in 2004; the Australian Racing Museum and Hall of Fame - The Barb The Barb at Thoroughbred Heritage.com The Barb's pedigree and partial racing stats
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Kennaquhair was an Australian bred Thoroughbred racehorse that won the Sydney Cup, the AJC Metropolitan Handicap as well as finishing second in the 1918 Melbourne Cup. He was an attractive chestnut stallion, foaled in 1914, by Ksar’s half-brother, his dam Calluna was by Manton. Kenilworth won the Prix Greffulhe, Prix Rainbow and the marathon four mile race, Prix Gladiateur before being exported to Australia. In Australia Kenilworth was the sire of 15 stakes winners that won 36 stakes races, including Wolaroi, which had 12 stakes wins. Kennaquhair was a brother to Kenaluna, dam of Red Thespian, they were related to Blue Spec and Eric, won the AJC Metropolitan Handicap etc. Kennaquhair was trained at Walcha, New South Wales by Bill Stringer, who had a team of up to 40 horses at his stables in the town. Principal race wins: AJC Anniversary Handicap 12 furlongs AJC Metropolitan Handicap 12 furlongs VRC C. B. Fisher Plate 12 furlongs. Kennaquhair carried nine stone in the Melbourne Cup to finish second to Night March carrying six stone nine pounds.
During the running Kennaquhair clipped the heels of another runner, Desert Gold, which interrupted his run. The race set a new Cup record time of 3 minutes 25¾ seconds and the winner won by the short margin of half a length, he finished second to Poitrel in the AJC Autumn Stakes, 12 furlongs. He finished third to Gloaming in the Sydney City Tatt’s Chelmsford Stakes over 9 furlongs, he was placed third to Poitrel in the AJC Spring Stakes, of 12 furlongs. Principal race wins: AJC Sydney Cup 16 furlongs carrying 9 st 5 lb in the Australasian record time of 3 minutes 22¾ seconds. City Tattersall's Cup 11 furlongs. Kennaquhair finished second to Poitrel in the AJC Randwick Plate at WFA, 2 miles and second yet again to Poitrel in the AJC Plate at Weight for Age, over three miles, he finished third, both times to Poitrel, in the AJC Autumn Stakes, 12F and AJC Cumberland Stakes at WFA over two miles. Kennaquhair was allotted the top weight of 9 was unplaced. Principal race win: Dead-heated with Poitrel for a win in the AJC Spring Stakes, 12 furlongsKennaquhair finished second to Poitrel in the AJC Randwick Plate.
When he was six years old Kennaquhair had his portrait painted by the noted equine artist, Martin Stainforth. In 1921 Kennaquhair starred as the heroine's horse, Alert in the silent and white film and Saddles; this film was released overseas as Queen of the Turf. He retired to the Mungie Bundie Stud, near Moree, New South Wales in 1922, he remained there until the stud was dispersed and he stood at Walcha. Kennaquhair did sire some country winners, but any broodmares of note, he died at Bective Station, New South Wales in 1934
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear