The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B. Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond, owner and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance, continuing and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
The Online Computer Library Center is a US-based nonprofit cooperative organization dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the worlds information and reducing information costs. It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center, OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services, the group first met on July 5,1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization. The group hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The goal of network and database was to bring libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the worlds information in order to best serve researchers and scholars. The first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26,1971 and this was the first occurrence of online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data, between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States. As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside of Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with networks, organizations that provided training, support, by 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on OCLC Members Council, in early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic, abstract and full-text information to anyone, OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from public and private libraries worldwide. org, in October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. The Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988, a browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013, it was replaced by the Classify Service. S. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users and this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. OCLC has produced cards for members since 1971 with its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, e. g. CONTENTdm for managing digital collections, OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications and these publications, including journal articles, reports, newsletters, and presentations, are available through the organizations website. The most recent publications are displayed first, and all archived resources, membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding
Katha Pollitt is an American feminist poet, essayist and critic. She is the author of four collections and two books of poetry. Her writing focuses on political and social issues, including abortion rights, racism, welfare reform, feminism, Pollitt was born in Brooklyn Heights, New York. Her father, Basil Pollitt, was a lawyer who championed liberal causes and her parents were prolific readers, and they encouraged their only daughter to pursue her interest in poetry. Her father was Protestant and her mother was Jewish, Pollitt wrote extensively of her family in Learning to Drive, which is dedicated to her parents. B. I. File about “five inches thick. ’ ” As a lawyer he argued that “grand juries were unconstitutional because they systematically excluded blacks and women. ”She had, Pollitt writes, her “dream self, ” which included being a journalist and a “fiery revolutionary. ”In a poignant legacy, the daughter has manifested the mother’s dream. Beautiful Leanora, however, drank herself to death by the age of 54, Pollitt earned a B. A. in philosophy from Radcliffe College in 1972 and an M. F. A. in writing from Columbia University in 1975. Pollitt is best known for her bimonthly column Subject to Debate in The Nation magazine. Her writing is featured in The New Yorker, Harpers Magazine, Ms. Magazine, The New York Times, The Atlantic, The New Republic, Glamour, Mother Jones. Her poetry has been republished in many anthologies and magazines, including The New Yorker and she has taught poetry at Princeton, Barnard and the 92nd Street Y, and womens studies at the New School University. Pollitt is the recipient of prestigious awards, including the National Magazine Award, the American Book Award Lifetime Achievement Award. She has been awarded grants and fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, in 2003 she was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto. She is currently working on a book about abortion politics, Pollitt is known equally as well for her poetry as her non-fiction. The New York Review of Books Cathleen Schine describes Pollitt as a good old-fashioned feminist and leftist columnist for The Nation, the process of navigating between the political and poetic has been the subject of many interviews, including a noteworthy conversation with Adam Gopnik for Granta in 2009. In 1994, Pollitt published Reasonable Creatures, Essays on Women and Feminism, the books title was a reference to a line in Mary Wollstonecrafts 1794 treatise, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman – I wish to see women neither heroines nor brutes, but reasonable creatures. Most of her Nation essays from 1994 to 2001 were collected in Subject to Debate, Sense and Dissents on Women, Politics and Culture, published by the Modern Library in 2001. Adept at picking out the hypocrisy from the rhetoric and intent on voicing sharp, lacerating truths about society, she never misses an opportunity for wit, and her range is extraordinary. Here are incisive and exhilarating essays on women at work, domestic violence, dead-beat dads, panhandlers, school prayer, same-sex marriage, Larry Flynt, every beautifully executed piece is a touchdown, and no silly dances follow
Who Stole Feminism?
How Women Have Betrayed Women is a 1994 book about American feminism by Christina Hoff Sommers, a writer who was at that time a philosophy professor at Clark University. Sommers argues that there is a split within between equity feminism and what she terms gender feminism, Sommers contends that equity feminists seek equal legal rights for women and men, while gender feminists seek to counteract historical inequalities based on gender. Sommers argues that feminists have made false claims about issues such as anorexia and domestic battery. Who Stole Feminism. received wide attention for its attack on American feminism, some reviewers praised the book, while others found it flawed. Sommers argues that, American feminism is currently dominated by a group of women who seek to persuade the public that American women are not the free creatures we think we are and she identifies with equity feminism, based on belief in fair treatment for everyone. According to Sommers, while most experts are reluctant to give exact figures, Sommers argues that feminists have falsely accused English legal historian William Blackstone of supporting a mans right to beat his wife. Sommers points to philosopher Michel Foucault and his Discipline and Punish as influences on Wolf and Susan Faludi, author of Backlash and she argues that Foucaults work is overrated. Discussing the influence of feminists on college campuses, she writes that in many cases feminist consciousness-raisers are driving out the scholars and it is now virtually impossible to be appointed to high administrative office in any university system without having passed muster with the gender feminist. Who Stole Feminism. was first reviewed in Kirkus Reviews in April 1994, the staff at Kirkus said that Sommers book highlighted instances of shoddy research in feminist studies but failed to tell the reader about similar poor quality research in other fields. Kirkus said that Sommers presumed to speak for the majority of feminists without providing evidence that most women are liberal feminists. Sommers was praised for her valid challenges to feminist ideology, a June 1994 review by Nina Auerbach in The New York Times Book Review was widely seen. Conservatives such as Jim Sleeper, Howard Kurtz and Rush Limbaugh defended Sommers, feminist columnist Katha Pollitt, however, thought Auerbachs review was too polite and failed to give Sommers book the pasting it deserved. Editor Deirdre English writing in The Washington Post Book World was appreciative of the aspect of Sommers work. Calling Sommers a well-published conservative is itching for a fight, she said the book would likely provoke debate as well as some retractions. English said of the book that the question is whether women want equality with men as they are, in the world men have shaped. The book was reviewed by Cathy Young who was an executive colleague of Sommers in the Womens Freedom Network. It was also praised in the National Review by Sommers close friend Mary Lefkowitz. Paglia called the book a landmark study, melanie Kirkpatrick, writing in The Wall Street Journal, gave the book high marks, saying that Sommers simply lines up her facts and shoots one bullseye after another