Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
Eduard Fernández Serrano is a Spanish actor. He has won two another for En la ciudad. Perfectos desconocidos 1898, Our Last Men in the Philippines The Night My Mother Killed My Father Truman A Gun in Each Hand The Skin I Live In The Mosquito Net, 2010 Black Bread, 2010 El Vestido, 2008 Alatriste Ficción Obaba El método Hormigas en la boca Cosas que hacen que la vida valga la pena En la ciudad El embrujo de Shanghai Smoking Room Son de mar Fausto 5.0 Los lobos de Washington Eduard Fernández on IMDb
45th Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
The 45th Karlovy Vary International Film Festival took place from 2 to 10 July 2010. The Crystal Globe was won by The Mosquito Net, a Spanish drama film directed by Agustí Vila; the second prize, the Special Jury Prize was won by Kooky, a Czech action comedy film directed by Jan Svěrák. American film producer Ron Yerxa was the Grand Jury President of the festival; the following people formed the juries of the festival: The following feature films and people received the official selection awards: Crystal Globe - The Mosquito Net by Agustí Vila Special Jury Prize - Kooky by Jan Svěrák Best Director Award - Rajko Grlić for Just Between Us Best Actress Award - Anaïs Demoustier for Sweet Evil Best Actor Award: Mateusz Kościukiewicz & Filip Garbacz, both for Mother Teresa of Cats Special mention of the jury - Another Sky by Dmitri Mamulia & There Are Things You Don’t Know by Fardin Saheb-ZamaniOfficial selection award winners Other statutory awards that were conferred at the festival: Best documentary film - Familia by Mikael Wiström & Alberto Herskovits Special Mention - Tinar by Mahdi Moniri Best documentary film - The River by Julia Gruodienė & Rimantas Gruodis East of the West Award - Aurora by Cristi Puiu Special Mention - The Temptation of St.
Tony by Veiko Õunpuu Crystal Globe for Outstanding Artistic Contribution to World Cinema - Nikita Mikhalkov, Juraj Herz Festival President's Award - Jude Law Právo Audience Award - Oldboys by Nikolaj Steen The following non-statutory awards were conferred at the festival: FIPRESCI International Critics Award: Hitler in Hollywood by Frédéric Sojcher Ecumenical Jury Award: Another Sky by Dmitri Mamulia Don Quixote Award: The Mosquito Net by Agustí Vila Europa Cinemas Label: Just Between Us by Rajko Grlić Czech TV Award - Independent Camera: Four Lions by Chris Morris NETPAC Award: Son of Babylon by Mohamed Al-Daradji & The Orion by Zamani Esmati Media related to 45th Karlovy Vary International Film Festival at Wikimedia Commons
The Catalans are an iberian/european ethnic group of mediterranean and pyrenean descent, having its roots in the Pyrenees mountains. The only official category of "catalans" is that of the citizens of Catalonia, an autonomous community in Spain and the inhabitants of the Roussillon historical region in southeast France, today the Pyrénées Orientales departments called Catalonia Nord and Pays Catalan in French; some authors extend the word "Catalans" to encompass the inhabitants of all the regions where Catalan language is spoken, namely those from Andorra, the Balearic islands, eastern Aragon and the city of Alghero in Sardinia. These territories are known as the Països Catalans or "Catalan Countries". In 1500 BCE the area, now known as Catalonia was, along with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula, inhabited by Proto-Celtic Urnfield people who brought with them the rite of burning the dead; these Indo-European people were absorbed by the Iberians beginning in 600 BCE in a process that would not be complete until the fourth century BCE.
These groups came under the rule of various invading groups starting with the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, who set up colonies along the coast, including Barcino itself. Following the Punic Wars, the Romans replaced the Carthaginians as the dominant power in the Iberian eastern coast, including parts of Catalonia, by 206 BCE. Rome established Latin as the official language and imparted a distinctly Roman culture upon the local population, which merged with Roman colonists from the Italian peninsula. An early precursor to the Catalan language began to develop from a local form of popular Latin before and during the collapse of the Roman Empire. Various Germanic tribes arrived following nearly six centuries of Roman rule, which had transformed the area into the Roman province of Tarraconensis; the Visigoths established themselves in the fifth century, making their first capital in the Iberian peninsula Barcelona, they would move to Toledo. This continued until 718 when Muslim Arabs conquered the region in order to pass through the Pyrenees into French territory.
With the help of the Frankish, a land border was created known nowadays as Old Catalonia which faced Muslim raids but resisted any kind of settlement from them. "New Catalonia" and its native peoples were in control of the Arab invaders for around a century. The Franks on the other side of the Pyrenees held back the main Muslim raiding army which had penetrated unchallenged as far as central France at the Battle of Tours in 732. Frankish suzerainty was extended over much of present-day Catalonia. Larger wars with the Muslims began in the March of Barcelona which led to the beginnings of the Reconquista by Catalan forces over most of Catalonia by the year 801. Barcelona would become an important center for Christian forces in the Iberian Peninsula. Catalonia emerged from the conflicts in Muslim Spain as a regional power, as Christian rulers entrenched themselves in the region during the Carolingian period. Rulers such as Wilfred the Hairy became masters of a larger territory encompassing Catalonia.
The Crown of Aragón included the Principality of Catalonia and the kingdoms of Aragon and Majorca. The marriage of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon was a dynastic union in which the Kingdom of Castille and the Kingdom of Aragon were under the same crown but kept their own laws, power structures and monetary systems. Regional unrest led to conflicts such as the Revolt of the Germanies in Valencia and Majorca, the 1640 revolt in Catalonia known as the Reapers' War; this latter conflict embroiled Spain in a larger war with France as many Catalan nobles allied themselves with Louis XIII. The war continued until 1659 and ended with the Peace of the Pyrenees, which partitioned Catalonia as the northern strip of the March came under French rule, while the rest remained under Spanish hegemony; the Catalan government took sides with the Habsburg pretender against the Bourbon one during the War of the Spanish Succession that started in 1705 and ended in 1714. The Catalan failure to defend the continuation of Habsburg rule in Spain culminated in the surrender of Barcelona on 11 September 1714 which came to be commemorated as Catalonia's National Day.
During the Napoleonic Wars, much of Catalonia was seized by French forces by 1808, as France ruled the entire country of Spain until Napoleon's surrender to Allied Armies. In France, strong assimilationist policies integrated many Catalans into French society, while in Spain a Catalan identity was suppressed in favor of a Spanish national identity; the Catalans regained autonomy during the Spanish Second Republic from 1932 until Francisco Franco's nationalist forces retook Catalonia by 1939. It was not until 1975 and the death of Franco that the Catalans as well as other Spaniards began to regain their right to cultural expression, restarted by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Since this period, a balance between a sense of local identity versus the broader Spanish one has emerged as the dominant political force in Catalonia; the former tends to advocate for greater autonomy and independence. As a result, there tends to be much fluctuation depending on regional and national politics during a given election cycle.
Given the stronge
The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter is an American digital and print magazine, website, which focuses on the Hollywood film and entertainment industries. It was founded in 1930 as a daily trade paper, in 2010 switched to a weekly large-format print magazine with a revamped website. Headquartered in Los Angeles, THR is part of the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a group of properties that includes Billboard and SpinMedia, it is owned by Valence Media, a holding company co-founded by Todd Boehly, an executive of its previous owners, Guggenheim Partners and Eldridge Industries. THR was founded in 1930 by William R. "Billy" Wilkerson as Hollywood's first daily entertainment trade newspaper. The first edition appeared on September 3, 1930 and featured Wilkerson's front-page "Tradeviews" column, which became influential; the newspaper appeared Monday to Saturday for the first 10 years, except for a brief period Monday to Friday from 1940. Wilkerson ran the THR until his death in September 1962, although his final column appeared 18 months prior.
Wilkerson's wife, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, took over as publisher and editor-in-chief when her husband died. From the late 1930s, Wilkerson used THR to push the view that the industry was a communist stronghold. In particular, he opposed the screenplay writers' trade union, the Screen Writers Guild, which he called the "Red Beachhead." In 1946 the Guild considered creating an American Authors' Authority to hold copyright for writers, instead of ownership passing to the studios. Wilkerson devoted his "Tradeviews" column to the issue on July 29, 1946, headlined "A Vote for Joe Stalin." He went to confession before publishing it, knowing the damage it would cause, but was encouraged by the priest to go ahead with it. The column contained the first industry names, including Dalton Trumbo and Howard Koch, on what became the Hollywood blacklist, known as "Billy's list." Eight of the 11 people Wilkerson named were among the "Hollywood Ten" who were blacklisted after hearings in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
When Wilkerson died, his THR obituary said that he had "named names and card numbers and was credited with being chiefly responsible for preventing communists from becoming entrenched in Hollywood production."In 1997, THR reporter David Robb wrote a story about the newspaper's involvement, but the editor, Robert J. Dowling, declined to run it. For the blacklist's 65th anniversary in 2012, the THR published a lengthy investigative piece about Wilkerson's role, by reporters Gary Baum and Daniel Miller; the same edition carried an apology from Wilkerson's son W. R. Wilkerson III, he wrote. On April 11, 1988, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel sold the paper to BPI Communications, owned by Affiliated Publications, for $26.7 million. Robert J. Dowling became THR president in 1988, editor-in-chief and publisher in 1991. Dowling hired Alex Ben Block as editor in 1990. Block and Teri Ritzer dampened much of the sensationalism and cronyism, prominent in the paper under the Wilkersons. In 1994, BPI Communications was sold to Verenigde Nederlandse Uitgeverijen for $220 million.
After Block left, former Variety film editor, Anita Busch, became editor between 1999 and 2001. Busch was credited with making the paper competitive with Variety. Tony Uphoff assumed the publisher position in November 2005. In March 2006, a private equity consortium led by Blackstone and KKR, both with ties to the conservative movement in the United States, acquired THR along with the other assets of VNU, it joined those publications with AdWeek and A. C. Nielsen to form The Nielsen Company. In December 2009, Prometheus Global Media, a newly formed company formed by Pluribus Capital Management and Guggenheim Partners, chaired by Jimmy Finkelstein, CEO of News Communications, parent of political journal The Hill, acquired THR from Nielsen Business Media, it pledged to grow the company. Richard Beckman of Condé Nast, was appointed as CEO. In 2010, Beckman purchased THR from Guggenheim Partners and Pluribus Capital, recruited Janice Min, the former editor-in-chief of Us Weekly, to "eviscerate" the existing daily trade paper and reinvent it as a glossy, large-format weekly magazine.
The Hollywood Reporter relaunched with a weekly print edition and a revamped website that enabled it to break news. Eight months after its initial report, The New York Times took note of the many scoops THR had generated, adding that the new glossy format seemed to be succeeding with its "rarefied demographic", stating, "They managed to change the subject by going weekly... The large photos, lush paper stock and great design are a kind of narcotic here."By February 2013, the Times returned to THR, filing a report on a party for Academy Award nominees the magazine had hosted at the Los Angeles restaurant Spago. Noting the crowd of top celebrities in attendance, the Times alluded to the fact that many Hollywood insiders were now referring to THR as "the new Vanity Fair". Ad sales since Min's hiring were up more than 50%, while traffic to the magazine's website had grown by 800%. Since January 2014, The Hollywood Reporter has been led by co-presidents Janice John Amato. John Kilcullen replaced Uphoff in October 2006, as publisher of Billboard.
Kilcullen was a defendant in Billboard's infamous "dildo" lawsuit, in which he was accused of race discrimination and sexual harassment. VNU settled the suit on the courthouse steps. Kilcullen "exited" Nielsen in February 2008 "to pursue his passion as an entrepreneur." Matthew King, vice president for content and audience, editorial director Howard Burns, executive editor Peter Pryor left the paper in a wave of layoffs in December 2006.
A Children's Story
A Children’s Story known as Certain Children in Australia, was directed by Andrea and Antonio Frazzi in 2004 and is an Italian film which focuses on the life of an eleven-year-old boy growing up in an environment of poverty and criminality in Naples. This was the second film to be made by the Frazzi twins, Il cielo cade having been released in 2000, it was to be Andrea Frazzi’s last film. Certi bambini was awarded the 2004 Crystal Globe at the 39th Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. List of Italian films of 2004 A Children's Story on IMDb A Children's Story at Eurochannel
Geraldine Leigh Chaplin is an American-born British-Spanish actress. She is the fourth child of the first of eight with fourth wife Oona O'Neill. After beginnings in dance and modeling, she turned her attention to acting, made her English-language acting debut in her portrayal of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago, she made her Broadway acting debut in Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes in 1967, received her second Golden Globe nomination for Robert Altman's Nashville. She received a BAFTA nomination for her role in Welcome to L. A.. She played her grandmother Hannah Chaplin in the biopic, Chaplin for which she received her third Golden Globe nomination. Chaplin has appeared in a wide variety of French films, she starred in Les Uns et les Autres, Life Is a Bed of Roses and the Jacques Rivette experimental films Noroît and Love on the Ground. She enjoyed her greatest critical success collaborating with her long time life partner, director Carlos Saura, starring in his films Ana and the Wolves, Cría Cuervos, vida mía, Mamá cumple cien años.
She was awarded a Goya Award for her role in En la ciudad sin límites, was nominated again for The Orphanage. Her contribution to Spanish cinema culminated in her being awarded the Gold medal by the Spanish Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences in 2006. In 2018, she starred in Red Land, Italian movie by Maximiliano Hernando Bruno based on Norma Cossetto and the foibe massacres. Geraldine Leigh Chaplin was born on July 31, 1944, in Santa Monica, the fourth child of actor and filmmaker Charlie Chaplin, the first child of his fourth wife, Oona O'Neill, whom he married in 1943. Charlie Chaplin was in his mid-50s when Geraldine Chaplin was born and Oona was 18 years old. Chaplin was the first of their eight children, her paternal grandparents were English singers Charles Chaplin Sr. and Hannah Chaplin, her maternal grandparents were Nobel- and Pulitzer-Prize-winning American playwright Eugene O'Neill and English-born writer Agnes Boulton. When Chaplin was eight years old, her father took the family on vacation to Europe.
Two days after the family set sail, the U. S. Attorney General signed an order refusing him permission to re-enter the country. Chaplin’s father moved the family to Switzerland, she attended boarding school there, where she became fluent in Spanish. In this time period, Chaplin appeared in a small part in her father's film Limelight. At 17 years of age, Chaplin decided to forgo college to pursue dance instead, studied ballet for two years in England, including a period in 1961 at the Royal Ballet School. Chaplin danced professionally for a year in Paris. Although a good dancer, she felt she had not trained from an early enough age to excel at it and so gave up ballet. Said Chaplin "I didn't leave ballet, ballet left me", it was a great disappointment to her. Chaplin found work as a fashion model in Paris, she was discovered by David Lean. It would be many years; when her dream of becoming a ballet dancer ended, Chaplin followed her father into what would become a prolific acting career. She came to prominence in the role of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago.
David Lean chose her to play the main character's wife, for which she received a Golden Globe Award nomination in the category, "Most Promising Female Newcomer." In an interview to publicize the film, she explained, "Because of my name, the right doors opened." In 1967, she made her Broadway debut in Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes. Her performance was praised by Clive Barnes in a New York Times review, where he noted that Chaplin "acts with spirit and force… with a magnificently raw-voiced sincerity" giving a performance of "surprising power."In the same year, she began what would become a significant collaboration, starring in Spanish film director Carlos Saura's psychological thriller Peppermint Frappé. Chaplin starred alongside Charlton Heston in the American historical film The Hawaiians. Chaplin appeared in The Three Musketeers, as well as the sequel, The Four Musketeers. Chaplin was cast as the obnoxious BBC reporter Opal in Robert Altman's Nashville, for which she received her second Golden Globe nomination, for Best Supporting Actress.
She went on to star in the Altman films Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson, A Wedding, doing Roseland in between. Chaplin occasionally co-wrote scripts for and starred in several Saura films—for these, receiving her greatest critical success—such as Ana and the Wolves, Cría Cuervos, vida mía and Mamá cumple cien años. Cría Cuervos won the Special Jury Prize Award at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival. Critic Vincent Canby praised Chaplin's "superb" performance. Chaplin starred in several films produced by Altman and directed by Alan Rudolph, with a BAFTA-nominated role in Welcome to L. A. in which she played a housewife addicted to cab rides. She received critical acclaim for her role in Remember My Name, in which she played Anthony Perkins' murderous estranged wife. In an interview with The New York Times in 1977, Chaplin cited that her career was going more in Europe than in the United States, she complained that "I only seem to work with Altman here... I don't have any offers in none.
Not an interesting script to read. The only person who asks me is Altman—and James Ivory." In the 1980s, Chap