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The Most Reverend

The Most Reverend is a style applied to certain religious figures within the historic denominations of Christianity, but in some more modern traditions also. It is a variant of the more common style "The Reverend". In the Anglican Communion, the style is applied to archbishops, rather than the style "The Right Reverend", used by other bishops. "The Most Reverend" is used by metropolitan archbishops. Retired archbishops revert to being styled "The Right Reverend", although they may be appointed "archbishop emeritus" by their province on retirement, in which case they retain the title "archbishop" and the style "The Most Reverend", as a courtesy. Archbishop Desmond Tutu is a prominent example. Uniquely within Anglicanism, for historical reasons, the Bishop of Meath and Kildare is given this style despite not being an archbishop. In the Catholic Church, two different systems may be found. In England, Wales, a number of Commonwealth nations, the system is identical to that described for Anglicanism.

Archbishops bear the style "The Most Reverend", with other bishops styled "The Right Reverend". In other countries, all bishops are styled "The Most Reverend", as well as monsignors of the rank of protonotary apostolic de numero. In the Eastern Orthodox tradition and metropolitans are styled "The Most Reverend", provided that they are not the primates of autocephalous churches. Other bishops are styled "The Right Reverend". In some modern Christian denominations amongst episcopal Pentecostal churches, "The Most Reverend" is used to refer to archbishops and presiding bishops, or sometimes to senior pastors of churches

Lincoln Park High School (Chicago)

Lincoln Park High School is a public four–year high school located in the Lincoln Park neighborhood on the north side of Chicago, United States. Lincoln Park High School, operated by the Chicago Public Schools District, opened its main present building in 1900; the school borders a public park owned by the Chicago Park District. It was known as North Division High School and Robert A. Waller High School. In 1981, the school began its International Baccalaureate program, it was one of the first schools to begin the program within the Chicago Public Schools district. Lincoln Park High School began as North Division High School, which opened in 1875, as the first public high school on the north side of Chicago. By the late 1890s, the school needed more room, construction began on the current school building in 1899; this building opened as Robert A. Waller High School in 1900; the students and staff of North Division relocated to the new building and the old name remained in use, alongside the new name, for several decades.

By the 1910s, a concern grew that the school would soon need more room, plans began to expand the school. It would not be until 1928 when land north of the school was obtained, plans for an annex were pushed forward; the need for more space became critical, the school's Franklin Branch was opened in 1934. In 1938, the school's annex was constructed to alleviate the need for portable classrooms; the new annex included two new gyms, which allowed for the original gymnasium to be converted into a lunch room for students. By the 1960s, the school's increased population required the return of portable classrooms as plans began for more expansion; the new north wing included a new lunch room and auditorium, allowing the old lunch room to become an office complex for counselors, the library to move into the former assembly hall. The 1970s saw problems as the school aged and discipline issues caused the opening of an alternative satellite center for the school; as a part of the revitalization to the school in the late 1970s, the school's name was changed to its current name, Orchard Street in front of the school was closed to create a mall between neighboring Oz Park and Armitage Street.

Lincoln Park High School is made up of four smaller programs. There is the neighborhood Chicago Public high school, the Fine Arts/Performing Arts school, the International Baccalaureate Program, the double honors/honors high school program. Most students take part in classes in more than one program, except for students in the IB program who follow a prescribed curriculum. Students in the IB Diploma Program only take classes with other IB DP students, with the exception of music and/or arts classes and physical education. There is a JROTC Program at Lincoln Park; the Performing Arts program requires auditions in order for students to be considered for enrollment. The music program consists of orchestra through all levels from beginning to symphony, band from beginning to concert/marching band. There is a jazz band option for advanced musicians. Students participating in the music program are required to take two years of Music Theory, at both the regular and AP levels; the drama program produces numerous shows throughout the school year.

The high school classes of the French-American School of Chicago are held at this school. Lincoln Park was ranked as #96 in a 2010 Newsweek ranking of top U. S. high schools and was one of only two schools from Illinois to be listed in the top 100. Courses offered according to the IB syllabus are HL English A1, HL/SL History, HL/SL Mathematics, SL Math Studies, HL Biology, HL Chemistry, SL French A1, HL/SL Spanish B, HL/SL French B, SL/Ab Initio Arabic, SL Psychology, SL Physics, SL Music, SL Visual Arts and SL Information Technology in a Global Society. Lincoln Park competes in the Chicago Public League and is a member of the Illinois High School Association, their school teams are named Lions. The boys' basketball were Class AA in; the boys' cross country were Class AA in 1984. The girls' cross country were Class AA three times. Lincoln Park has numerous sports team for students to participate in: Several K-8 schools feed into Lincoln Park High School. All of the attendance zones of Agassiz, Abraham Lincoln, Oscar Mayer Magnet School, Ogden International School, Prescott feed into Lincoln Park.

In addition portions of the zones of Ogden and Prescott feed into Lincoln Park. However, this is only for the neighborhood program, as all other programs require separate applications to be offered a place of enrollment; as well, all other programs have students enrolled from all over the city. Prior to its 2018 merger with Ogden, Jenner Academy, fed into Lincoln Park High. Official website

Rein Abbey, Austria

Rein Abbey is a Cistercian monastery in Rein near Gratwein, Styria, in Austria. Known as the "Cradle of Styria", it is the oldest surviving Cistercian community in the world; the monastery was founded in 1129 by Margrave Leopold the Strong of Styria and settled by monks from Ebrach Abbey in Bavaria under the first abbot, Gerlacus. It was the 38th Cistercian monastery to be founded; the previous 37 are all since dissolved, leaving Rein as the oldest extant Cistercian monastery in the world. The abbey has remained a Cistercian community since on the same site, except for the temporary exile of a few years during World War II when the premises were confiscated by the Nazis and the monks were evicted until they were able to return in 1945. Rein was the mother house of Wilhering Abbey near Linz in 1146, of Stična Abbey and Neukloster Abbey. On 19 September 1276 the abbey was the scene of the Rein Oath, when the Styrian and Carinthian nobility pledged allegiance to Rudolf of Habsburg, King of the Romans, thus furthering the establishment of the Habsburgs as rulers of Austria and the end of the rule of King Ottokar II of Bohemia.

From 1950 to 1990 the community at Rein accommodated the exiled Cistercians of Hohenfurt Abbey in the former Czechoslovakia, during that time was known as Rein-Hohenfurt Abbey, until the Czech monks were able to return to the reopened monastery in the present Czech Republic, now Vyšší Brod Abbey. The abbey accommodated overflow classes from a local Gymnasium from the 1950s to the 1970s, lent part of its outbuildings for the use of the Institut für künstlerische Gestaltung, part of the Technische Universität Graz; as of 2014, the Monastery has lent part of its outbuildings to Bundesgymnasium Rein. The abbey church and conventual buildings are of Romanesque origin. At the beginning of the 17th century an upsurge in numbers required the expansion of the conventual buildings; the alterations, which involved the redevelopment of the old cloisters, were carried out between 1629 and 1632 by the architect Bartholomäus di Bosio, who constructed the Neues Konvent with its courtyard and Renaissance arcading.

Under Abbot Placidus Mailly it was decided to refurbish the church in Baroque style. The work, by the court builder Johann Georg Stengg from Graz, was completed between 1738 and 1747; the frescoes, dating from 1766, were by Josef Adam von Mölk, the painting on the high altar of 1779, by Martin Johann Schmidt. Since 1786 the abbey church has been the parish church, it was elevated to a basilica minor by Pope John Paul II in 1979. The buildings were damaged by a great flood in 1975. In the summer of 2006 during restoration work in the Baroque choir chapel archaeological excavations were carried out by a team from the University of Graz, the foundations of the former Romanesque chapter house were discovered, as well as a number of graves, including that of the founder, Margrave Leopold I of Styria; the former Baroque sacristy was dedicated by the abbot as a Lady chapel on 4 February 2007, since when the abbey's oldest madonna has been placed here. The Gothic Chapel of the Cross, built 1406-1409, commemorates Saint Eberhard of Salzburg, who died at Rein on 22 June 1164.

Other features of note include the abbots' gallery, containing portraits of all the abbots from 1129 onwards, St. Ulrich's church, the tomb of Margrave Ottakar III of Styria, the monument of Ernest, Duke of Austria; the abbey library, comprising more than 100,000 items, contains inter alia 390 manuscripts and 150 incunabula, of which the best known is a 13th-century fragment of Parzival. In 2007 the community consisted of ten monks and the abbot, Petrus Steigenberger, the 56th abbot since the foundation; as of 2014 the community consists of sixteen monks and the abbot, Christian Feurstein, the 57th abbot since the foundation. Stift Rein AEIOU entry University of Graz: Report on the Archaeological Investigations 2004-006

Chris Gray (rugby union)

Christopher Antony Gray is a former Scottish international rugby player who played most of his club rugby in England. He gained 22 caps for Scotland national rugby union team including five appearances at the 1991 Rugby World Cup, he is qualified as a dentist. Between 1978 and 1983, Gray turned out for Edinburgh Academical. In 1983 he joined Nottingham R. F. C. and played 243 matches for the Green and Whites until retiring in 1997. He succeeded England and British Lions hooker Brian Moore as club captain in 1989, he held the record of 27 appearances for the Scottish Exiles provincial side, until it was equalled by Richard Cramb in 1992. Gray made his Scotland debut in the 23-7 Five Nations win against Wales at Murrayfield on 21 January 1989 and was part of the Scotland team that claimed a grand slam in the 1990 Five Nations Championship, he played his last international in the 13-6 World Cup Third-place play-off defeat against New Zealand at Cardiff Arms Park on 30 October 1991. Gray qualified from the Edinburgh Dental School in 1983 and moved to Nottingham to take up employment as a dentist.

He worked as a dentist throughout his playing career. He is the owner of Wollaton Dental Care in Nottingham. Gray married Nottingham RFC physiotherapist Judith Bunten in 1991, they have two sons: James Christopher Gray, invited to play for the Scottish Exiles under-19s side in the spring of 2010, Nicholas Andrew Gray. Jamie's birth occurred towards the end of Scotland's 1991 World Cup campaign, he stands at 6"5'. Profile on the ESPN Scrum website

Buffalo Metropolitan Transportation Center

The Buffalo Metropolitan Transportation Center is located on the southeast corner of North Division and Ellicott Streets in Downtown Buffalo, New York. The transportation center is open 24 hours daily. Managed by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, which uses the transit center as its headquarters, it operates as a major transportation hub for a number of NFTA Metro bus routes, as well as inter-city bus services, its location is of importance in that this terminal is the first or last stop in the United States on the busy Toronto-New York City bus corridor in the United States. The closest two Canadian bus stations are Fort Erie or the more served Niagara Falls Transit Terminal at Bridge and Erie Streets in downtown Niagara Falls, Ontario. Built in 1977, the architectural firm of CannonDesign created a terminal, a "pleasant and exciting space to experience, with views of travelers and the city beyond afforded by comparatively large areas of glazing", it replaced an older Greyhound Station, located at 672 Main Street, near Tupper.

After the Main Street station had closed, it became a police station for the Buffalo Theater District, is used as the Alleyway Theatre Aside from the transportation center being the main offices for the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority and the Buffalo area base office for Greyhound Lines, Inc. there are a number of service based businesses for passengers and employees of the terminal. A Tim Hortons coffee shop, which replaced Craig and Craig Twin Bakery and the previous NFTA Metro information kiosk in November 2013 NFTA Transit Police sub-station soda and other vending machines taxi stand for Buffalo Taxi ServiceIn the past, Hardee's and Burger King had an outlet in the terminal, turned into a "Travelers Cafe", both operated by Greyhound Lines; the space for the restaurant had been converted into an indoor waiting area for passengers waiting for local bus service at the corner of North Division and Ellicott. It has since been closed; the NFTA presently uses the area for storage. Additionally, a gift shop existed for a number of years, but has been vacated and renovated into a larger office area for the NFTA Transit Police sub-station.

Buffalo to Batavia, Geneva, Binghamton, New York City Buffalo to Batavia, Syracuse, Binghamton, New York City Buffalo to Batavia, Syracuse, Schenectady, Springfield, Boston Buffalo to Erie, Cleveland Buffalo to Fort Erie, Niagara Falls, St. Catharines, Burlington, Toronto Buffalo to Lackawanna, Dunkirk, SUNY Fredonia, Cassadaga, Jamestown Buffalo to East Aurora, Machias, Franklinville, Olean Buffalo to Toronto Buffalo to Rochester, NY, Syracuse, NY, New York City Buffalo to Philadelphia and Washington, DC Buffalo to New York City, NY Buffalo to Fort Erie, Niagara Falls, St. Catharines, Toronto Buffalo to Batavia, Geneva, Binghamton, New York City Buffalo to Batavia, Syracuse, Binghamton, New York City Buffalo to Springville, Olean, DuBois Buffalo to Dunkirk, Youngstown, Wooster, Mansfield and Cincinnati. Route 40 Niagara Falls at gate 14. Route 1 William at gate 17 or 18. Route 2 Clinton at gate 17 or 18. Route 4 Broadway at gate 19 or 20. Board on Ellicott Street at North Division Street Route 6 Sycamore Route 8 Main Route 14 Abbott Route 16 South Park Route 24 Genesee Route 36 Hamburg Board on North Division Street at Ellicott Street Route 3 Grant Route 5 Niagara/Kenmore Route 11 Colvin Route 15 Seneca Route 20 Elmwood Route 25 Delaware Route 60 Niagara Falls Express Route 74 Boston Express Route 76 Lotus Bay Express Route 204 Buffalo Airport-Downtown Express Nearly all buses operating into Downtown Buffalo come within a short walk of the transportation center.

In the part of 1999, proposals were made for an updating of the terminal, including a new shopping area and updated passenger waiting area for NFTA Metro passengers, as well as intercity bus passengers. The Buffalo News continued stories on this, as well as progress made on the possible creation of an intermodal transportation facility on the site of the Buffalo War Memorial Auditorium or at Buffalo Central Terminal linking Amtrak Trains with intercity buses, local buses "under one roof" in a style similar to the William F. Walsh Regional Transportation Center partway across the state in Syracuse, New York. Coach Canada Coach USA Greyhound Lines Mega Bus NeOn Bus Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority

Introduction to the mathematics of general relativity

The mathematics of general relativity are complex. In Newton's theories of motion, an object's length and the rate at which time passes remain constant while the object accelerates, meaning that many problems in Newtonian mechanics may be solved by algebra alone. In relativity, however, an object's length and the rate at which time passes both change appreciably as the object's speed approaches the speed of light, meaning that more variables and more complicated mathematics are required to calculate the object's motion; as a result, relativity requires the use of concepts such as vectors, tensors and curvilinear coordinates. For an introduction based on the example of particles following circular orbits about a large mass and relativistic treatments are given in Newtonian motivations for general relativity and Theoretical motivation for general relativity. In mathematics and engineering, a Euclidean vector is a geometric object that has both a magnitude and direction. A vector is what is needed to "carry" the point A to the point B.

The magnitude of the vector is the distance between the two points and the direction refers to the direction of displacement from A to B. Many algebraic operations on real numbers such as addition, subtraction and negation have close analogues for vectors, operations which obey the familiar algebraic laws of commutativity and distributivity. A tensor extends the concept of a vector to additional directions. A scalar, that is, a simple number without a direction, would be shown on a graph as a point, a zero-dimensional object. A vector, which has a magnitude and direction, would appear on a graph as a line, a one-dimensional object. A vector is a first-order tensor. A second-order tensor has two magnitudes and two directions, would appear on a graph as two lines similar to the hands of a clock; the "order" of a tensor is the number of directions contained within, separate from the dimensions of the individual directions. A second-order tensor in two dimensions might be represented mathematically by a 2-by-2 matrix, in three dimensions by a 3-by-3 matrix, but in both cases the matrix is "square" for a second-order tensor.

A third-order tensor has three magnitudes and directions, would be represented by a cube of numbers, 3-by-3-by-3 for directions in three dimensions, so on. Vectors are fundamental in the physical sciences, they can be used to represent any quantity that has both a magnitude and direction, such as velocity, the magnitude of, speed. For example, the velocity 5 meters per second upward could be represented by the vector. Another quantity represented by a vector is force, since it has a direction. Vectors describe many other physical quantities, such as displacement, acceleration and angular momentum. Other physical vectors, such as the electric and magnetic field, are represented as a system of vectors at each point of a physical space. Tensors have extensive applications in physics: Electromagnetic tensor in electromagnetism Finite deformation tensors for describing deformations and strain tensor for strain in continuum mechanics Permittivity and electric susceptibility are tensors in anisotropic media Stress–energy tensor in general relativity, used to represent momentum fluxes Spherical tensor operators are the eigenfunctions of the quantum angular momentum operator in spherical coordinates Diffusion tensors, the basis of diffusion tensor imaging, represent rates of diffusion in biologic environments In general relativity, four-dimensional vectors, or four-vectors, are required.

These four dimensions are length, height and time. A "point" in this context would be an event, as it has both a time. Similar to vectors, tensors in relativity require four dimensions. One example is the Riemann curvature tensor. In physics, as well as mathematics, a vector is identified with a tuple, or list of numbers, which depend on some auxiliary coordinate system or reference frame; when the coordinates are transformed, for example by rotation or stretching of the coordinate system the components of the vector transform. The vector itself has not changed, but the reference frame has, so the components of the vector must change to compensate; the vector is called covariant or contravariant depending on how the transformation of the vector's components is related to the transformation of coordinates. Contravariant vectors have units of distance or distance times some other unit and transform in the opposite way as the coordinate system. For example, in changing units from meters to millimeters the coordinate units get smaller, but the numbers in a vector become larger: 1 m becomes 1000 mm. Covariant vectors, on the other hand, have units of one-over-distance and transform in the same way as the coordinate system.

For example, in changing from meters to millimeters, the coordinate units become smaller and the number measuring a gradient will become smaller: 1 K/m becomes 0.001 K/mm. In Einstein notation, contravariant vectors and components of tensors are shown with superscripts, e.g. xi, covariant vectors and components of tensors with subscripts, e.g. xi. Indices are "raised" or "lowered" by multiplication by an appropriate matrix the identity matrix. Coordinate transformation is important because relativity states that there is not o