Joseph A. Califano Jr.
Joseph Anthony Califano Jr. is a former United States Secretary of Health and Welfare and the founder and chairman of The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, an evidence-based research organization. He is one of two living former Secretaries of Health and Welfare, he has been Adjunct Professor of Public Health at Columbia University Medical School and School of Public Health and is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Califano was born in Brooklyn, New York, on May 15, 1931, the son of Joseph Anthony Califano, Sr. and Katherine Califano. He attended St. Gregory's Elementary Brooklyn Preparatory School in Brooklyn, New York. Califano received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the College of the Holy Cross, in Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1952, his LL. B. magna cum laude, from Harvard Law School in 1955. In law school, he was a member of the Harvard Legal Aid Bureau and an editor of the Harvard Law Review. In 1955, Califano enlisted in the United States Navy as an officer candidate.
He was commissioned an ensign in November 1955, served three years in the Office of the Judge Advocate General in Washington, D. C. and was released to inactive duty in 1958, as a lieutenant. He associated with the law firm of Dewey Ballantine in New York City from October 1958, until April 1961. In April 1961, Califano became Special Assistant to the General Counsel of the U. S. Department of Defense. In July 1962, he was appointed Special Assistant to the United States Secretary of the Army. On July 1, 1963, he was appointed General Counsel of the Army, he served as Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Army for Civil Functions, supervising the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers' Civil Works Program and was a member of the President's Appalachian Regional Commission. In early 1964, Califano was selected to serve as the principal legal advisor to the United States Delegation to the Investigating Committee of the Organization of American States on the Panama riots of January 1964. Subsequently, he was selected to present the United States case before the International Commission of Jurists during hearings held in Panama dealing with those riots.
In recognition of his work as General Counsel of the Department of the Army, Califano was awarded the Distinguished Civilian Service Medal, the highest civilian award of the Army. On April 1, 1964, Califano was appointed Special Assistant to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense, he had special responsibilities for Department of Defense liaison with the Office of the President of the United States. He acted as Executive Secretary of the President's Advisory Committee on Supersonic Transport, as the Department of Defense representative on the President's Committee on the Economic Impact of Defense and Disarmament, as a member of the Federal Radiation Council. In recognition of his work as the Special Assistant to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense, Califano was awarded the Defense Distinguished Service Medal of the Department of Defense. Between March 21 and March 25, 1965, Califano was assigned to monitor the progress of the historic March from Selma to Montgomery which helped ensure the passage of the landmark Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Califano was appointed Special Assistant to President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 26, 1965. In this position, Califano served as LBJ's top domestic aide, developing the President's legislative program as well as helping coordinate economic policies and handling domestic crises, he worked on a variety of domestic problems, including labor-management relations, balance of payments, health care, education and urban issues, civil rights. He served in this position until January 20, 1969. While in this post, The New York Times called him "The Deputy President for Domestic Affairs." Califano was a member of the Washington law firm of Arnold & Porter from March 1969 until May 1971. He was a member of the Washington law firm of Williams, Connolly & Califano from June 1971 until January 1977. In January 1977, Califano became Secretary of Health and Welfare, he served in that Cabinet post until August 1979. He put the Department through the most complete reorganization in its twenty-five year history; however he refused to sign meaningful regulations for Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the first U.
S. federal civil rights protection for people with disabilities. After an ultimatum and deadline, demonstrations took place in ten U. S. cities on April 5, 1977 including the 504 Sit-in at the regional HEW offices. This sit-in, led by Judith Heumann and organized by Kitty Cone, lasted until April 30, 1977, 25 days, with more than 150 peop
United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
The United States Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with health matters. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet; the office was Secretary of Health and Welfare. In 1980, the Department of Health and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services, its education functions and Rehabilitation Services Administration were transferred to the new Department of Education. Patricia Roberts Harris headed the department. Nominations to the office of Secretary of HHS are referred to the Health, Education and Pensions Committee and the Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over Medicare and Medicaid, before confirmation is considered by the full United States Senate. Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act the role of the Secretary has been expanded. Donald Trump selected then-Congressman Tom Price to be the 23rd Secretary of the Health and Human Services Department. Price was confirmed by the U.
S. Senate on February 10, 2017 and resigned on September 29, 2017. Trump named Don J. Wright, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health and Director of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, as acting Secretary until Deputy Secretary Eric Hargan was sworn in on October 10, 2017. On November 13, 2017, Trump nominated former pharmaceutical executive Alex Azar to fill the position permanently. Azar's confirmation hearing before the Senate Finance Committee took place on January 9, 2018, on January 24, 2018, Azar was confirmed by the U. S. Senate by a vote of 55 to 43. Azar was sworn in on January 29, 2018; the duties of the secretary revolve around human concerns in the United States. This includes advising the president on matters of health and income security programs; the Secretary strives to administer the Department of Health and Human Services to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department. The Department of Health and Welfare was reorganized into a Department of Education and a Department of Health and Human Services.
The Department of Health and Human Services oversees 11 agencies including the Food and Drug Administration, Center for Disease Control, National Institutes of Health, Administration for Children and Families and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Parties Democratic Republican Independent The line of succession for the Secretary of Health and Human Services is as follows: Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services. General Counsel of the Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Administration Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Commissioner of Food and Drugs Director of the National Institutes of Health Assistant Secretary for Children and Families Other Assistant Secretaries Assistant Secretary for Health Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response Assistant Secretary for Legislation Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs Assistant Secretary for Financial Resources Assistant Secretary for Aging Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director, Region 4 As of April 2019, there are two living former Secretaries of Health and Welfare, the older being Joseph A. Califano Jr..
The most recent Secretary of Health and Welfare to die was Caspar Weinberger, on March 28, 2006. The most serving Secretary to die was Patricia Roberts Harris on March 23, 1985; as of April 2019, there are seven living former Secretaries of Health and Human Services, the oldest being Louis W. Sullivan; the most serving Secretary to die was Otis R. Bowen on May 4, 2013. Official website Department Of Health And Human Services Meeting Notices and Rule Changes from The Federal Register RSS Feed