Comic Book Resources
CBR, known as Comic Book Resources until August 2016, is a website dedicated to the coverage of comic book-related news and discussion. Comic Book Resources was founded by Jonah Weiland in 1995 as a development of the Kingdom Come Message Board, a message forum that Weiland created to discuss DC Comics's then-new mini-series of the same name. Comic Book Resources features weekly columns written by industry professionals that have included Warren Ellis, Erik Larsen, Steven Grant, Robert Kirkman, Gail Simone, Rich Johnston, Scott Shaw, Rob Worley, Rik Offenberger, Keith Giffen and Mark Millar. Other columns are published by comic book historians and critics such as George Khoury and Timothy Callahan. On April 4, 2016, Jonah Weiland announced that Comic Book Resources had been sold to Valnet Inc. a company, known for its acquisition and ownership of other media properties such as Screen Rant. The site was relaunched as CBR.com on August 2016 with the blogs integrated into the site. The company has hosted a YouTube channel since 2008, with 1.3 million subscribers as of September 12, 2018.
Comic Book Idol known as CBI, is an amateur comic book art competition created and hosted by comics writer J. Torres, sponsored by Comic Book Resources and its participating advertisers. Inspired by the singing contest American Idol, CBI is a five-week and five-round competition in which each contestant is given one week to draw a script provided by guest judges; these invited comic book professionals comment on the artists' work in each round. The contestants to move on to subsequent rounds are selected by fans. Patrick Scherberger won CBI1 and has since worked on a number of Marvel Comics titles like Marvel Adventures: Spider-Man, Marvel Adventures: Hulk and GeNext. Jonathan Hickman was the runner-up in CBI1 and went on to work for Virgin Comics, Image Comics and Marvel Comics. Carlos Rodríguez won CBI2 and went on to work on Shadowhawk for Image and Batman and the Outsiders for DC Comics. Billy Penn competed in CBI2 and went on to work on Savage Dragon. Joe Infurnari, another CBI2 contestant, went on a couple of titles from Oni Press, including Wasteland and Borrowed Time, as well as on the back-up feature of Jersey Gods with Mark Waid.
Dan McDaid and artist on various Doctor Who comics for Panini and IDW and Jersey Gods for Image Comics, as well as strips for DC Comics, competed in CBI3. Nick Pitarra competed in CBI3 and went on to do work for Marvel Comics on books such as Astonishing Tales. Charles Paul Wilson III, artist on The Stuff of Legend, competed in CBI3; the University at Buffalo's research library described Comic Book Resources as "the premiere comics-related site on the Web."In April 2013, comics writer Mark Millar said he read the site every morning after reading the Financial Times. 1999: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2000: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2001: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2004: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2005: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2006: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2007: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics Related Website" Eagle Award.
2008: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2009: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. 2010: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2011: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2011: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. 2013: Won the "Best Biographical, Historical or Journalistic Presentation" Harvey Award for its Robot 6 blog. 2014: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. In 2014, the site found itself at the center of a debate around the harassment of women trying to participate in the online comics community; the debate was sparked by the community's reactions to an article by guest author Janelle Asselin, which criticized the cover of DC Comics's Teen Titans. Following harassment and personal threats against the guest author, the site's main editor issued a statement condemning the way that some community members had reacted and rebooted the community forums in order to establish new ground rules.
Francis Manapul is a Filipino Canadian comic book artist and writer. Manapul is known for his work on Witchblade and The Necromancer for Top Cow, working on the former for three years, off and on, returning for the tenth anniversary issue in 2005, he has provided covers for various titles, most notably for some G. I. Joe comics from Devil's Due Publishing. In 2007, he signed an exclusive contract to work with DC Comics. Manapul served as a guest judge in the fourth week round of the third season of Comic Book Idol, a comic book art competition sponsored by Comic Book Resources. In 2008 Francis became the artist for DC's Legion of Superheroes with Jim Shooter as the writer. Francis co-created the character Gazelle with Shooter before leaving the title. In 2009, he was named to be the artist in DC's new Flash series written by Geoff Johns which stars Barry Allen in the lead role, he was one of the TV presenters on Beast Legends from Yap films, which airs Wednesday nights at 10pm EST on History Television Canada.
Its premiere in the US was on September 9, Thursday at 10pm EST on SyFy. In 2011 Manapul was awarded the Joe Shuster Award for Outstanding Artist and the All-in-One Award from the Inkwell Awards; that May, DC Comics announced a massive revamp and relaunch of their entire superhero line, as part of this Francis was named writer/artist on the Flash, with his longtime colorist/collaborator, Brian Buccellato co-writing with him. In April 2014, Manapul and Buccellato moved from The Flash to Detective Comics. In 2016, Manapul became the artist for the DC Rebirth comic book series Trinity. Love in Tights #1 Monster Fighters, Inc.: The Ghosts of Christmas The Black Book Fear Effect: Retro Helix Witchblade: "XLVIII" Witchblade/Lady Death "LIII" "The Return of Tora No Shi" "Endgame, Part Two" "LXII-LXV" "Road Trip" "Death Pool" "10th Anniversary" Tomb Raider: The Series: "Without Limit" "Alpha Omega" Image Comics FCBD'04: "First Strike" Magdalena/Vampirella The Darkness #21: "The Reckoning" Necromancer #1-6 The Iron Saint: Iron and the Maiden #0-4 Iron and the Maiden: Brutes and the City Sept Guerrières Legion of Superheroes #37-46, 48-49 Adventure Comics #0-3, 5-6 Superman/Batman: "Mash-Up" "Friendly Advice" The Flash volume 3 #1-6, 9-10, 12 The Flash volume 4 #1-25 Detective Comics volume 2 #30-34, 37-42 Trinity volume 2 #1-6, 9-12, 16, 17 Witchblade #43, 55-56, 61, 62-65, 68-70, 73, 84 Masters of the Universe #2 The Darkness #2 G.
I. Joe #16 G. I. Joe: Frontline #9-14 G. I. Joe: Reborn #1 G. I. Joe Declassified #1-3 G. I. Joe Dreadnoks: Declassified #1-3 Soulfire: Chaos Reign #2 G. I. Joe Special Missions: Antarctica #1 Pilot Season: The Necromancer #1 Aspen Showcase: Benoist #1 Legion of Superheroes #47, 50 Adventure Comics #4 Wonder Woman #32 Executive Assistant Iris #2 Red Robin #1-5 Green Lantern volume 4 #45 The Shield #1-3 Soulfire #2 Blackest Night: The Flash #1-3 Justice League of America #46, 49 Superboy #5 T. H. U. N. D. E. R. Agents #5 The Flash volume 3 #7, 11 Flashpoint: Grodd of War #1 Flashpoint: Kid Flash Lost #1-3 Green Lantern Corps #62 Green Lantern volume 5 #4 Francis Manapul at the Grand Comics Database Kousemaker, Kees. Francis Manapul. Kees Kousemaker's Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved November 15, 2011. Official website Current blog and old one Francis Manapul at DeviantArt Francis Manapul at the Comic Book DB Interview with Legion of Substitute Podcasters Review of Witchblade #54, #56, #57, #68 and #69, Comics Bulletin Review of Lara Croft: Tomb Raider #50, Comics Bulletin Review of Necromancer #1 and #2, Comics Bulletin
Image Comics is an American comic book publisher. It was founded in 1992 by several high-profile illustrators as a venue for creator-owned properties, in which comics creators could publish material of their own creation without giving up the copyrights to those properties, as is the case in the work for hire-dominated American comics industry, in which the legal author is a publisher, such as Marvel Comics or DC Comics, the creator is an employee of that publisher. Image Comics was successful, remains one of the largest comic book publishers in North America, its output was dominated by superhero and fantasy series from the studios of the founding Image partners, but now includes comics in many genres by numerous independent creators. Its best-known series include The Walking Dead, Savage Dragon, The Darkness, Saga and Bone. In the early 1990s, comics creators Erik Larsen, Rob Liefeld, Jim Valentino had dinner with Malibu Comics editor-in-chief Dave Olbrich. Malibu was a small but established publishing company sympathetic to creator-ownership, Olbrich expressed interest in publishing comics created by them.
These and several other freelance illustrators doing popular work for Marvel Comics were growing frustrated with the company's work for hire policies and practices, which they felt did not sufficiently reward the talent that produced them, as the company merchandised their artwork, compensated them with modest royalties. According to Todd McFarlane, he, Jim Lee and Liefeld met with Marvel president Terry Stewart and editor Tom DeFalco in late December 1991. Larsen and Silvestri, who joined the group the night before, were not present, but the group that met with Stewart indicated that they were representing them as well. Contrary to what has been reported by other sources, McFarlane says that they made no demands of Stewart or Marvel, but informed him that they were leaving, gave their reasons why, cautioned Stewart to heed those reasons, lest the company suffer future exoduses; the creators had the same meeting with DC Comics the next day. After Whilce Portacio returned from his yearly trip to the Philippines, his Homage Studios colleague Lee asked him to join the group.
A group of eight creators announced the founding of Image Comics: illustrators Todd McFarlane, Jim Lee, Rob Liefeld, Marc Silvestri, Erik Larsen, Jim Valentino, Whilce Portacio. This development was nicknamed the "X-odus", because several of the creators involved were famous for their work on the X-Men franchise. Marvel's stock fell $3.25 / share. Image's organizing charter had two key provisions: Image would not own any creator's work. No Image partner would interfere – creatively or financially – with any other partner's work. Image itself would own no intellectual property except the company trademarks: its name and its logo, designed by writer Hank Kanalz; each Image partner founded his own studio, which published under the Image banner but was autonomous from any central editorial control. Claremont was not part of the partnership, Portacio withdrew during the formative stages to deal with his sister's illness, so Image consisted of six studios: Todd McFarlane Productions, owned by Todd McFarlane WildStorm Productions, owned by Jim Lee Highbrow Entertainment, owned by Erik Larsen Shadowline, owned by Jim Valentino Top Cow Productions, owned by Marc Silvestri Extreme Studios, owned by Rob Liefeld Their initial titles were produced under the Image imprint, but published through Malibu Comics, which provided administrative, production and marketing support for the launch of them.
The first Image comic books to arrive in stores were Liefeld's Youngblood, Larsen's The Savage Dragon, McFarlane's Spawn, Lee's WildC. A. T.s. Propelled by the artists' popularity and the eagerness of comic book collectors to get in on the "next big thing", these series sold in numbers that no publisher other than Marvel, DC, or Valiant Comics had achieved in the years since the market's decline in the 1970s. Within a few months, the Image titles' success led to Malibu having 10% of the North American comics market share exceeding that of industry giant DC Comics. By the beginning of 1993, Image's financial situation was secure enough to publish its titles independently, it left Malibu; some of the founders' studios came to resemble separate publishers, each with several ongoing series set in a shared universe. The use of freelancers to write or illustrate series that were owned by the Image partners led to criticism that some of them had reproduced the system they had rebelled against, but with them in charge instead of a corporation.
Image partners such as Larsen and Valentino, who did not take this approach, assumed a neutral position on it, in keeping with the requirement that none of them had any say in how the others' studios were run. Some of the Image partners used their studios to publish new works produced by independent creators, allowing them to retain ownership and editorial control over those series, an arrangement, t
Joshua Ortega is an American author and journalist best known for his novel Frequencies, as well as his comic book and graphic novel work on entertainment properties such as Star Wars, Spider-Man, Star Trek, The Escapist, The Necromancer. Joshua Ortega began his writing career at the University of Washington in Seattle, working as a reporter and a reviewer for the school's newspaper, The Daily of the University of Washington, covering the booming Seattle music and arts scene of the 1990s. After college, he worked for the Los Angeles-based USB magazine and The Flavor, a Seattle-based hip-hop magazine. During this time, he not only continued to cover the music and entertainment beat, but began to write about technology's effects on culture and politics, he soon developed a reputation as an expert in the fields of emerging technology and surveillance issues, would contribute feature-length articles for newspapers such as The Seattle Times. While working as a journalist, one of Ortega's poems, "A Place at the Table", was selected as the lead poem for a poetry anthology, A Place at the Table, juried by the publishers of Blue Begonia Press and the Raven Chronicles, edited by award-winning poet Jody Aliesan.
During this time, he worked for Microsoft, providing original content for a number of the company's online video games. In 1998, Ortega founded his own publishing and entertainment company, Omega Point Productions, in August 1999, the company published the first edition of his debut novel Frequencies. After two years and multiple printings, the rights to Frequencies were bought by the Jodere Group, publishers of such New York Times Bestsellers as Crossing Over by John Edward and The Power of Kaballah by Yehuda Berg. Ortega is working on the sequel to Frequencies, ~VIBRATIONS~, in addition to another novel, an original screenplay, numerous comic book and graphic novel projects, he gives talks to aspiring writers of speculative fiction in the Seattle area. The hardcover edition of Frequencies was released in March 2003, was promoted with a national book tour that took Ortega to over forty cities during the year; the tour itself became news, since a book tour of this magnitude was unheard of for a first-time author, Ortega made multiple appearances on major media outlets such as NPR, Fox TV, Coast to Coast AM.
In 2004, Ortega began negotiations with numerous comic book and graphic novel publishers, in March 2005, his first comic book story was released: Spider-Man Unlimited No. 8, published by Marvel Comics. The story was featured Ryan Sook on pencils, his next story, “Shadows & Light,” was released by Dark Horse Comics in April 2005 in Star Wars Tales #23. “Shadows & Light” served as a prequel to the bestselling Knights of the Old Republic video games for the Xbox and PC, featured Dustin Weaver on pencils. Since Ortega has written for several major American comic book publishers, including Marvel Comics, DC Comics, Dark Horse Comics, TOKYOPOP, Image Comics, Top Cow Productions, Speakeasy Comics, working on characters and properties such as Star Wars, Spider-Man, Star Trek, Michael Chabon’s The Escapist and his own co-creation, The Necromancer, penciled and co-created by Francis Manapul. Joshua is being credited as a writer for Epic Games' Gears of War 2 as well scripting the Gears of War comic books.
Frequencies, Jodere Group. ISBN 1-58872-069-1. Gears of War Omega Point Productions
A comic book or comicbook called comic magazine or comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. Although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan, comic books were first popularized in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1930s; the first modern comic book, Famous Funnies, was released in the U. S. in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper humor comic strips, which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book derives from American comic books once being a compilation of comic strips of a humorous tone; the largest comic book market is Japan. By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion, with annual sales of 1.9 billion manga books/magazines in Japan. The comic book market in the United States and Canada was valued at $1.09 billion in 2016.
As of 2017, the largest comic book publisher in the United States is manga distributor Viz Media, followed by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. Another major comic book market is France, where Franco-Belgian comics and Japanese manga each represent 40% of the market, followed by American comics at 10% market share. Comic books are reliant on their appearance. Authors focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions; these characteristic aspects of comic books are necessary in conveying the content and messages of the author. The key elements of comic books include panels, balloons and characters. Balloons are convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element; the tail has an origin, path and pointed direction. Key tasks in the creation of comic books are writing and coloring. Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr. Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book.
Proto-comics periodicals began appearing early in the 20th century, with historians citing Dell Publishing's 36-page Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics as the first true American comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry and ushered the Golden Age of Comics; the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. According to historian Michael A. Amundson, appealing comic-book characters helped ease young readers' fear of nuclear war and neutralize anxiety about the questions posed by atomic power. Historians divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras; the Golden Age of Comic Books began in the 1930s. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form, with the debut of the Flash in Showcase #4; the Silver Age lasted through the late 1960s or early 1970s, during which time Marvel Comics revolutionized the medium with such naturalistic superheroes as Stan Lee and Jack Kirby's Fantastic Four and Lee and Steve Ditko's Spider-Man.
The demarcation between the Silver Age and the following era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined, with the Bronze Age running from the early 1970s through the mid-1980s. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day. A notable event in the history of the American comic book came with psychiatrist Fredric Wertham's criticisms of the medium in his book Seduction of the Innocent, which prompted the American Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency to investigate comic books. In response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year, which required all comic books to go through a process of approval, it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA. The Code was made formally defunct in November 2011.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what became known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the established comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture and drug culture of the time. Many had an uninhibited irreverent style. Underground comics were never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, as well as by mail order. Frank Stack's The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic; the rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for "independent" or "alternative comics" in the U. S; the first such comics included the anthology series Star Reach, published by comic book writer Mike Friedrich from 1974 to 1979, Harvey Pekar's American Splendor, which continued sporadic publication into the 21st century and which Shari Springer Berman an
Top Cow Productions
Top Cow Productions is an American comics publisher, a partner studio of Image Comics founded by Marc Silvestri in 1992. During the early years of Image Comics, founded in 1992, co-founder, Marc Silvestri shared a studio with Jim Lee, where he created his first creator-owned comic book, Cyberforce, as part of Image's initial line-up. After setting up his own studio, Top Cow Productions, he expanded into other comics, launching Codename: Strykeforce, a new Cyberforce series and various spin-offs; the company attracted several professionals including artist Brandon Peterson, writer Garth Ennis and former Marvel staffer David Wohl. It helped launch the careers of various writers and artists, such as Christina Z. Joe Benitez, Michael Turner and David Finch. Benitez and Finch have since worked for DC and Marvel Comics. In 1996, Top Cow departed from Image during a power struggle with Image associate Rob Liefeld until Liefeld left the company shortly after. At the same time, Top Cow was moving more into the fantasy genre.
New properties were The Darkness. Thanks to the success of Witchblade Top Cow was able to expand, adding to its line with titles that included The Darkness, Aphrodite IX, others. Silvestri was involved in training and developing new talent through the studio and Top Cow was known for a time for its "house style". In addition to its' company owned properties, Top Cow has worked with creators to develop creator-owned properties; these properties have included Michael Turner's Fathom which ended up at Aspen Comics, Joe's Comics, created for J. Michael Straczynski, which included Rising Stars and Midnight Nation. Top Cow is known for bringing Tomb Raider's Lara Croft to comics. In 2006, Top Cow made a business agreement with Marvel Comics to use several of their licensed properties in their own series, with characters including Wolverine and the Punisher, appearing in crossovers; as part of this agreement, several Top Cow artists provided art chores on various Marvel series, such as Tyler Kirkham, Mike Choi, Silvestri himself.
At the 2007 San Diego Comic Con an announcement was made by Marvel Comics extending the deal into 2008. They used Kickstarter to fund some of the comics. At the 2007 New York Comic Con it was announced that Top Cow would be one of the first major comics publishers to offer online distribution, through a partnership with IGN; the initial titles offered were Tomb Raider #1–50, The Darkness #1–50 and Witchblade #1–50, at around $1 per issue. They announced a deal with Zannel to license their comics as mobile comics. Top Cow publisher Filip Sablik said in an interview that: Both film and television, as well as video games and animation, are things that Top Cow is and pursuing. All of those things take a long time to develop and set up; the Witchblade Anime that Gonzo produced and was released by FUNimation in the US took a decade to come to fruition. Add on to that Marc Silvestri and Matt Hawkins mantra of “we’d rather have no movie than a crappy movie” and you can see why it can take a while to bring a Witchblade or The Darkness movie to fans.
In December 2004, Dimension Films paid an undisclosed six-figure sum to develop a movie based on the comic for release in 2008. The film was pitched as a movie similar to The Crow, produced by Dimension. There have been no further developments. In March 2005, The Darkness was licensed by Majesco Entertainment for a console game to be developed by Starbreeze Studios. 2K Games obtained the rights to the game, the first-person shooter was released for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 console systems on June 25, 2007 in the United States and releasing first on Xbox 360 in EU Regions on June 29, 2007 and a month on PS3 on July 20. To promote the video game a five-issue mini-series was released, with each issue chronicled a chapter of the game. In June 2007 it was collected into a trade paperback. In February 2012, a sequel to the video game, entitled The Darkness II, was released for PC, Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3; the script for the game was written by comic book writer Paul Jenkins, who worked on The Darkness comic series.
Unlike the first game, the graphics for The Darkness II were developed using a cel-shading technique, emulating the aesthetic of its graphic novel namesake. The game received positive reviews from critics. Following a pilot film in August 2000, the cable network TNT premiered a television series based on the comic book series in 2001; the series was directed by Ralph Hemecker and written by Marc Silvestri and J. D. Zeik. Yancy Butler starred as Sara Pezzini. Although critically acclaimed and popular with audiences, it was canceled in September 2002. Announced as a production decision, the cancellation provoked widespread speculation that the true reason was Butler's alcohol addiction. Butler was ordered to enter rehab for alcohol addiction a year after being arrested for wandering intoxicated amidst traffic. Witchblade ran for two seasons of 12 episodes on TNT; the first episode aired on June 12, 2001, the last episode aired on August 26, 2002. On April 1, 2008, Warner Home Video announced a long-anticipated DVD release.
Witchblade: The Complete Series — a seven-disc collectors set including the original made-for-TV movie, all 23 episodes of the series, special features — was released July 29, 2008. An American superhero film based on the series was announced in 2008; the film was to be directed by Michael Rymer, who directed the 2002 film Queen of the