Def Leppard are an English rock band formed in 1977 in Sheffield as part of the new wave of British heavy metal movement. Since 1992, the band has consisted of Joe Elliott, Rick Savage, Rick Allen, Phil Collen, Vivian Campbell; this is the band's longest lasting line-up. The band's strongest commercial success came between the early 1990s, their 1981 album, High'n' Dry, was produced by Robert John "Mutt" Lange, who helped them begin to define their style, the album's standout track "Bringin' On the Heartbreak" became one of the first rock videos played on MTV in 1982. The band's next studio album, was released in January 1983, with "Photograph" and "Rock of Ages" as the lead singles. In the U. S. Pyromania was certified diamond, making Def Leppard among the most popular music groups at the time. In 2003, the album ranked number 384 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Def Leppard's fourth album Hysteria, released in 1987, topped the UK and U. S. album charts. As of 2009, it has reached beyond the success of Pyromania, having been certified 12× platinum for sales of over 12 million in the U.
S. and has gone on to sell over 25 million copies worldwide. The album spawned seven hit singles, including the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 number one "Love Bites", alongside "Pour Some Sugar on Me", "Hysteria", "Armageddon It", "Animal", "Rocket", "Women", their next studio album, reached number one in UK and U. S. charts in 1992, contained several hits, including "Let's Get Rocked" and "Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad". Their 1993 album, Retro Active, contained the acoustic hit song "Two Steps Behind", their greatest-hits album Vault, released in 1995, featured the UK hit "When Love & Hate Collide". As one of the world's best-selling music artists, Def Leppard have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, have two albums with RIAA diamond certification and Hysteria, they are one of only five rock bands with two original studio albums selling over 10 million copies in the U. S; the band were ranked No. 31 in VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock" and ranked No. 70 in "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".
Def Leppard were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019. Rick Savage, Tony Kenning, Pete Willis, all students at Tapton School in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, formed a band called Atomic Mass in 1977; the band consisted of Willis on guitar, Savage on bass guitar after playing guitar, Kenning on drums. Only 18 at the time, Joe Elliott tried out for the band as a guitarist following a chance meeting with Willis after missing a bus in November 1977. During his audition it was decided, their first gig was in the dining hall in A Block in Westfield School in Sheffield. Elliott proposed the name "Deaf Leopard", a band name he thought up while writing reviews for imaginary rock bands in his English class. At Kenning's suggestion, the spelling was modified in order to make the name seem less like that of a punk band. In January 1978, Steve Clark joined the band. According to Elliott, he auditioned for the band by playing Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free Bird" in its entirety. In November, just prior to recording sessions for what would be a three-song release known as The Def Leppard E.
P. Kenning abruptly left the band, he was replaced for those sessions by Frank Noon. By the end of the month, Rick Allen only 15 years old, had joined the band as its full-time drummer. Sales of the EP soared after the track "Getcha Rocks Off" was given extensive airtime by renowned BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel, considered at the time to be a champion of punk rock and new wave music. Throughout 1979, the band developed a loyal following among British hard rock and heavy metal fans and were considered among the leaders of the new wave of British heavy metal movement, their growing popularity led to a record deal with the major label Phonogram/Vertigo. Def Leppard's original management, MSB, a local duo consisting of Pete Martin and Frank Stuart-Brown, were fired after Martin and Joe Elliott got into a fistfight over an incident on the road; the band approached Peter Mensch of Leber-Krebs management, who had booked them on a tour of the UK supporting AC/DC. Mensch, who admitted that he had had his eye on the band, became their manager.
Def Leppard's debut album, On Through the Night, was released on 14 March 1980. Although the album hit the Top 15 in the UK, many early fans were turned off by the perception that the band was trying too hard to appeal to American audiences by recording songs such as "Hello America" and touring more in the US; this incident was blamed on a cover story in Sounds music newspaper by the journalist Geoff Barton titled, "Has the Leppard changed its spots?", accusing the band of selling out to the American market. In a documentary on the band recorded for BBC 2, Barton recalls feelings of guilt over the story and having a "stand-up row" with the band's manager, backstage at the show. In the documentary series Metal Evolution, Joe Elliott says that the media had exaggerated the event and all bands on the day had experienced'abuse' from the crowd; the band had by caught the attention of AC/DC producer Robert John "Mutt" Lange, who agreed to work on their second album, High'n' Dry, released on 11 Ju
Hanging on the Telephone
"Hanging on the Telephone" is a song written by Jack Lee. It was first performed by his short-lived US West Coast power pop band The Nerves; the song was the lead-off track on the the group's only release. It was popularized by new wave band Blondie when they released a cover of the song as the second single from their 1978 album Parallel Lines in both the US and UK, it reached number 5 in the UK in November 1978. Like one of Blondie's subsequent singles, "Sunday Girl", "Hanging on the Telephone" employs a double backbeat rhythm in its drumming pattern; this percussion style appeared on other power pop singles from the period, like the Romantics' 1978 release "Tell It to Carrie". UK 7""Hanging on the Telephone" – 2:17 "Will Anything Happen" – 2:55US 7""Hanging on the Telephone" – 2:17 "Fade Away and Radiate" – 3:57 In 2009, Jimmy Somerville covered the song on his acoustic album Suddenly Last Summer. In 2012, Flowers Forever covered the song for the movie Electrick Children. In 2017, Melissa Rauch covered the song as Harley Quinn in the animated film Batman and Harley Quinn.
Cateforis, Theo. Are We Not New Wave?: Modern Pop at the Turn of the 1980s. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-03470-7. Classic Tracks: Blondie'Hanging On The Telephone' Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Paul Collins (musician)
Paul Vincent Collins is an American writer, music producer, multi-instrumentalist. He is best known for his work in the power pop groups The Nerves, The Breakaways and The Beat. Paul Collins has released several solo projects with his alternative country group The Paul Collins Band, who play Americana music inspired by country rock and folk rock. Collins continues to tour with his The Beat, an ever-changing lineup rock group which combines power pop with Alternative rock and punk rock. Paul Collins began his career as the drummer in an influential Los Angeles power pop trio The Nerves, alongside Jack Lee and future Plimsouls frontman Peter Case; the band are best remembered for "Hanging on the Telephone", a song made famous by Blondie. Hanging on the Telephone was written by Jack Lee. After Jack Lee left the Nerves, Paul Collins and Peter Case continued practicing and recording with a variety of guitarists as the Breakaways. Tapes of their sessions surfaced in the late 2000s and were released on a compilation album in 2009.
Next, Paul Collins formed his own group as singer, rhythm guitarist, songwriter for The Beat, sometimes called The Paul Collins Beat to avoid confusion with the British ska group called The Beat. The Beat known as The English Beat, were sued by Sony/Columbia in 1979; the same year, Sony/Columbia released Paul Collins' self-titled debut in 1979. Renamed the Paul Collins' Beat in the early 1980s, the band became icons in the genre of indie rock Paul Collins' Beat were in a constant state of touring and recording around the world, they appeared on Dick Clark's American Bandstand and contributed a song to the Caddyshack soundtrack, alongside Journey and Kenny Loggins. The band broke up following the release of their sixth album, One Night. Paul Collins continues to perform to this day with ever-changing versions of Paul Collins' Beat, in addition to his solo project, country-rock band called the Paul Collins Band. Since the early 1980s, Collins has been living on and off in Spain, where he has a strong following, spends most of his time performing in Europe and Japan, although he still holds citizenship in the United States.
In fact, his two former wives are from Spain. During this time, he produced several Spanish pop bands, including La Granja, Los Limones and Los Protones. In 2005, Collins released his first solo album of Flying High; the music received strong reviews and is reminiscent of the catchy power pop of The Beat in the opening song and Roll Shoes. Additionally, Flying High showcases Paul Collins' alt-country, roots-rock and Americana styles, with the singles Will You Be A Woman and Afton Place, which were released worldwide as music videos. During March 2008, Paul Collins released Ribbon of Gold as the follow-up to 2005's critically acclaimed Flying High; this album contains several songs the band performs live in concert, including Falling in Love With Her, I Still Want You, Big Pop Song and She Doesn't Want To Hang Around With You. In 2009, Paul Collins released a fictional autobiography, entitled Mi madre, mi mentor y yo, in addition to writing a humour filled fictional autobiography 8 Million Stories: Pete The Fly.
Copies of which seem nearly impossible to find. Paul Collins' Beat next release will be a split 7" with the Italian powerpop band Radio Days; the split will be released by the Italian label Surfin Ki Records in March 2010, followed by a full-length album released by Alive Naturalsound in Fall 2010. In 2012 Paul Collins recorded a version of "Here Comes That Rainy Day Feeling Again" for a fund raising cd titled "Super Hits of the Seventies" for radio station WFMU. In 2011, the American punk rock band Green Day launched the American Idiot Broadway Musical Production; each night included a live rendition of the song "Walking Out on Love,", written by Paul Collins. The song was recorded by Collins' groups The Beat, The Nerves and The Breakaways. Green Day frontman Billie Joe Armstrong is a fan of the song, which may appear on a future studio album by Green Day. To celebrate the success of the musical, The Paul Collins Beat joined Green Day onstage for live performances in New York. In 2012, longtime friends and musical partners, Paul Collins and Peter Case announced a reunion tour paying tribute to their bands The Nerves, The Breakaways, The Beat and The Plimsouls.
The touring band lineup for the Collins and Case tour was augmented by members of The Paul Collins Beat, Timm Buechler on bass and Amos Pitsch on drums, offering audiences with a full-band electric showcase. The tour included a date in Austin, where actor Bill Murray made a surprise appearance at the concert to introduce the band. Collins' group The Beat had appeared on the Caddyshack original motion picture soundtrack alongside Murray in 1979. Due to personality issues, Paul Collins was dismissed from the tour. In Fall 2012, The Paul Collins Beat joined a package tour "The Two Beats Hearting As One Tour," co-headlining with Two-tone Ska group The Beat; the English Beat and The Paul Collins Beat were both part of the "new wave" of bands to emerge from the late 1970s and early 1980s. The styles of music they play are different. Both bands helped making them legends; the tour package will include dates at large music halls, casinos and clubs. According to a September 2012 interview with Collins, "Contrary to what the internet fabricates, there never was and is no animosity toward The English Beat.
I am still a big fan of The English Beat. Ska i
Alternative rock is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became popular in the 1990s. In this instance, the word "alternative" refers to the genre's distinction from mainstream rock music; the term's original meaning was broader, referring to a generation of musicians unified by their collective debt to either the musical style or the independent, DIY ethos of punk rock, which in the late 1970s laid the groundwork for alternative music. At times, "alternative" has been used as a catch-all description for music from underground rock artists that receives mainstream recognition, or for any music, whether rock or not, seen to be descended from punk rock. Alternative rock broadly consists of music that differs in terms of its sound, social context and regional roots. By the end of the 1980s, magazines and zines, college radio airplay, word of mouth had increased the prominence and highlighted the diversity of alternative rock, helping to define a number of distinct styles such as noise pop, indie rock and shoegaze.
Most of these subgenres had achieved minor mainstream notice and a few bands representing them, such as Hüsker Dü and R. E. M. had signed to major labels. But most alternative bands' commercial success was limited in comparison to other genres of rock and pop music at the time, most acts remained signed to independent labels and received little attention from mainstream radio, television, or newspapers. With the breakthrough of Nirvana and the popularity of the grunge and Britpop movements in the 1990s, alternative rock entered the musical mainstream and many alternative bands became successful. In the past, popular music tastes were dictated by music executives within large entertainment corporations. Record companies signed contracts with those entertainers who were thought to become the most popular, therefore who could generate the most sales; these bands were able to record their songs in expensive studios, their works sold through record store chains that were owned by the entertainment corporations.
The record companies worked with radio and television companies to get the most exposure for their artists. The people making the decisions were business people dealing with music as a product, those bands who were not making the expected sales figures were excluded from this system. Before the term alternative rock came into common usage around 1990, the sort of music to which it refers was known by a variety of terms. In 1979, Terry Tolkin used the term Alternative Music to describe the groups. In 1979 Dallas radio station KZEW had a late night new wave show entitled "Rock and Roll Alternative". "College rock" was used in the United States to describe the music during the 1980s due to its links to the college radio circuit and the tastes of college students. In the United Kingdom, dozens of small do it yourself record labels emerged as a result of the punk subculture. According to the founder of one of these labels, Cherry Red, NME and Sounds magazines published charts based on small record stores called "Alternative Charts".
The first national chart based on distribution called the Indie Chart was published in January 1980. At the time, the term indie was used to describe independently distributed records. By 1985, indie' had come to mean a particular genre, or group of subgenres, rather than distribution status; the use of the term alternative to describe rock music originated around the mid-1980s. Individuals who worked as DJs and promoters during the 1980s claim the term originates from American FM radio of the 1970s, which served as a progressive alternative to top 40 radio formats by featuring longer songs and giving DJs more freedom in song selection. According to one former DJ and promoter, "Somehow this term'alternative' got rediscovered and heisted by college radio people during the 80s who applied it to new post-punk, indie, or underground-whatever music". At first the term referred to intentionally non–mainstream rock acts that were not influenced by "heavy metal ballads, rarefied new wave" and "high-energy dance anthems".
Usage of the term would broaden to include new wave, punk rock, post-punk, "college"/"indie" rock, all found on the American "commercial alternative" radio stations of the time such as Los Angeles' KROQ-FM. Journalist Jim Gerr wrote that Alternative encompassed variants such as "rap, trash and industrial". In December 1991, Spin magazine noted: "this year, for the first time, it became resoundingly clear that what has been considered alternative rock – a college-centered marketing group with lucrative, if limited, potential- has in fact moved into the mainstream"; the bill of the first Lollapalooza, an itinerant festival in North America conceived by Jane's Addiction frontman Perry Farrell, reunited "disparate elements of the alternative rock community" including Henry Rollins, Butthole Surfers, Ice-T, Nine Inch Nails and the Banshees and Jane's Addiction. That same year, Farrell coined the term Alternative Nation. In the late 1990s, the definition again became more specific. In 1997, Neil Strauss of The New York Times defined alternative rock as "hard-edged rock distinguished by brittle,'70s-inspired guitar riffing and singers agonizing over their problems until they take on epic proportions".
Defining music as alt
Bomp! Records is a Los Angeles-based record label formed in 1974 by fanzine publisher and music historian Greg Shaw and Suzy Shaw. Who Put The Bomp was a rock music fanzine edited and published by Greg Shaw from 1970 to 1979, its name came from the hit 1961 doo-wop song by Barry Mann, "Who Put the Bomp". The name was shortened to Bomp! Bomp! Later morphed into the record label Bomp! Records, headed by Shaw until his death in 2004; the magazine was a departure from the mainstream and its writing style unique with its own opinion described as partisan. The magazine was first published in 1970, it was created by his wife. The magazine chronicled bands, and he did. Shaw made it known too that the magazine wasn't going to cater to nostalgia or be an info receptacle for fanatical collectors of obscure out of print records. A significant amount of writers that wrote for the magazine went on to greater things. Two journalists who had their careers were launched via the magazine were Lester Bangs and Greil Marcus.
Ken Barnes who wrote articles like "10 Greatest Power Pop Songs" for Best Classic Bands, other publications such as Fusion and Phonograph Record was once co-editor for the magazine. Jay Kinney, a key man in the underground comics movement in the late 1960s, served as art director for the magazine. Shaw was one of the best-known rock fanzine editors. Active in science fiction fandom as a young man, he became familiar with fanzines. Shaw founded one of the earliest rock fanzines, the mimeographed Mojo Navigator and Rock'n Roll News in 1966; the label has featured punk, power pop, garage rock, new wave, old school rock, neo-psychedelia among other genres. Its roster has included The Modern Lovers, Iggy & The Stooges, Stiv Bators & The Dead Boys, 20/20, Devo, The Weirdos, The Romantics, Spacemen 3, the Germs, SIN 34, Jeff Dahl, The Brian Jonestown Massacre, Black Lips. Greg Shaw died from heart failure at the age of 55 on October 19, 2004. Bomp! Records is headed by Suzy Shaw. Suzy Shaw and Mick Farren co-authored Bomp: Saving the World One Record at a Time, published by Ammo Books in 2007.
In 2009 Bomp! and Ugly Things published Bomp 2 – Born in the Garage, edited by Suzy Shaw and Mike Stax. List of record labels Official site Bomp: Saving The World One Record At A Time The Bomp! History lesson Bomp! Magazines #2-#21 - Cover pics A history of Bomp! magazine by Greg Shaw
AT&T Mobility LLC known as AT&T Wireless, marketed as AT&T, is a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T Inc. that provides wireless services to 153 million subscribers in the United States including Puerto Rico and the U. S. Virgin Islands. AT&T Mobility is the second largest wireless telecommunications provider in the United States and Puerto Rico behind Verizon Wireless and the largest wireless telecommunications provider in North America when including AT&T Mexico. Known as Cingular Wireless from 2000 to 2007, a joint venture between SBC Communications and BellSouth, the company acquired the old AT&T Wireless in 2004. In January 2007, Cingular confirmed. Although the legal corporate name change occurred for both regulatory and brand-awareness reasons both brands were used in the company's signage and advertising during a transition period; the transition concluded in late June, just prior to the rollout of the Apple iPhone. On March 20, 2011, AT&T Mobility announced its intention to acquire T-Mobile USA from Deutsche Telekom for $39 billion.
If it had received government and regulatory approval, AT&T would have had more than 130 million subscribers. However, the U. S. Department of Justice, the Federal Communications Commission, AT&T Mobility's competitors opposed the move on the grounds that it would reduce competition in the cellular network market. In December 2011, in the face of both governmental and widespread consumer opposition, AT&T withdrew its offer to complete the merger. Customers can choose to have one of the AT&T's Mobile Share Unlimited plans; as of January 8, 2016 AT&T no longer offers 2 year contracts for subsidized smart phones to its consumer customers. Customers who have 2 year contracts are grandfathered, until they upgrade to a new device they will have to choose from AT&T's NEXT installment plans for smartphones. AT&T reintroduced unlimited data plans for its customers who have either AT&T U-verse or AT&T's DirecTV. Unlimited data plans may be speed throttled. On the TV requirement was dropped for the Unlimited Plan followed by the introduction of the new Unlimited Plus and Choice plan series.
The new Unlimited Plans come with Entertainment perks for DirecTV, Uverse TV and DirecTV Now customers. With the inclusion of these new plans AT&T has introduced a free roaming in Mexico for its postpaid customers on select Mobile Share Plans and free Canada and Mexico roaming on Unlimited Plans. On May 21, 2018 AT&T dropped its roaming restrictions on the Unlimited Plans allowing customer to roam in Canada and Mexico without limits. AT&T allows existing customers to stay on legacy right plans. Within AT&T's 21-state landline footprint, other AT&T services are offered at the AT&T retail stores, including signing up for home phone, U-verse. AT&T stores outside of its footprint offer wireless services. All AT&T company-owned stores nationwide sell DirecTV. A large number of AT&T Mobility employees are unionized, belonging to the Communications Workers of America; the CWA represented 15,000 of the previous 20,000 AT&T Wireless employees as of early 2006. As of the end of 2009, the CWA website claims 40,000 workers of AT&T Mobility are represented by the union.
Cingular Wireless was founded in 2000 as a joint venture of SBC Communications and BellSouth. The joint venture created the nation's second-largest carrier. Cingular grew out of a conglomeration of more than 100 companies, with 12 well-known regional companies with Bell roots; the 12 companies included: Three companies spun off from Advanced Mobile Phone Service Ameritech Mobile Communications BellSouth Mobility Southwestern Bell Mobile Systems BellSouth Mobility DCS BellSouth Wireless Data CCPR Services d/b/a Cellular One of Puerto Rico and U. S. Virgin Islands Pacific Bell Wireless Pacific Bell Wireless Northwest SBC Wireless SNET Mobility Southwestern Bell WirelessSBC Wireless had operated in several northeast markets under the "Cellular One" brand, while BellSouth's wireless operations incorporated the former Houston Cellular. Cingular's lineage can be traced back to Advanced Mobile Phone Service, a subsidiary of AT&T created in 1978 to provide cellular service nationwide. AMPS was divided among the Regional Bell Operating Companies as part of the Bell System divestiture.
With the exception of Pacific Bell and BellSouth Mobility DCS, the digital network consisted of D-AMPS technology. The Pacific Bell and BellSouth Mobility DCS networks used GSM technology on the PCS frequency band. In October 2007, AT&T's president and chief executive officer Stan Sigman announced his retirement. Ralph de la Vega, group president-Regional Telecom & Entertainment, was named as president and CEO of AT&T Mobility. In February 2004, after a bidding war with Britain's Vodafone Plc Cingular announced that it would purchase its struggling competitor, AT&T Wireless Services, for $41 billion This was more than twice the company's trading value; the merger was completed on October 26, 2004. The combined company had a customer base of 46 million people at the time, making Cingular the largest wireless provider in the United States. AT&T Wireless was legally renamed New Cingular Wireless Services. Shortly after, new commercials were shown with the "AT&T" transforming into the Cingular logo, with the Cingular logo's text turned blue to acknowledge the change.
Some of the companies that co
Caddyshack is a 1980 American comedy film directed by Harold Ramis, written by Brian Doyle-Murray and Douglas Kenney, starring Chevy Chase, Rodney Dangerfield, Ted Knight, Michael O'Keefe and Bill Murray. Doyle-Murray has a supporting role. Caddyshack was Ramis' directorial debut and was a major boost to the film career of Dangerfield, known for his stand-up comedy. Grossing nearly $40 million at the domestic box office, it was the first of a series of similar comedies. A sequel, Caddyshack II, followed in 1988, although only Chase reprised his role and the film was poorly received; the film has garnered a cult fan following and has been hailed by media outlets, such as Time and ESPN, as one of the funniest films of all time. Danny Noonan works as a caddie at the upscale Bushwood Country Club in Nebraska to earn enough money to go to college. Danny caddies for Ty Webb, a suave and talented golfer and the son of one of Bushwood's co-founders. Danny decides to gain favor with Judge Elihu Smails, the country club's stodgy co-founder and director of the caddie scholarship program, by caddying for him.
Meanwhile, Carl Spackler, a somewhat-unhinged greens-keeper, is entrusted with combating a disastrous gopher infestation. He employs a variety of methods to kill the gopher without success. Al Czervik, a brash and obnoxious nouveau riche, begins appearing at the club. Smails is heckled by Czervik. Smails accidentally injures another club-member. Danny takes responsibility for the incident. Smails encourages him to apply for the caddy scholarship. At Bushwood's annual Fourth of July banquet and his girlfriend Maggie work as servers. Czervik continues to irritate Smails and the club members, while Danny becomes attracted to Lacey Underall, Smails' promiscuous niece. Danny wins the Caddy Day golf tournament and the scholarship, earning him praise from Smails and an invitation to attend the christening ceremony for his boat; the boat is sunk at the event after Czervik lowers the anchor from his large motor-yacht, so that it goes right through Smails' smaller "Flying Wasp" sailboat. Returning home, Smails discovers Danny having a tryst at his house.
Expecting to be fired or to have the scholarship revoked, Danny is surprised when Smails only demands that he keeps the incident secret. Unable to bear the continued presence of the ill-mannered Czervik, Smails confronts him and announces that Czervik will never be granted membership. Czervik counters by announcing that he would never consider being a member: he insults the country club and claims to be there to evaluate buying Bushwood and developing the land into condominiums. After a brief scuffle and exchange of insults, Ty Webb suggests they discuss a resolution over drinks. After Smails demands satisfaction, Czervik proposes a team golf match with Smails and his regular golfing partner Dr. Beeper against Czervik and Webb. Against club rules, they agree to a $20,000 wager, which doubles to $40,000, on the outcome of the match; that evening, Webb meets Carl. The match is held the following day. Word spreads of the stakes involved and a crowd gathers. During the game and Beeper take the lead, while Czervik, to his dismay, is "playing the worst game of his life".
He reacts to Smails' taunts by impulsively doubling the wager to $80,000 per team. When his own ricocheting ball strikes him, Czervik feigns injury in hopes of having the contest declared a draw. Lou, the course official, acting as an umpire, tells Czervik his team will forfeit unless they find a substitute; when Webb chooses Danny, Smails threatens to revoke his scholarship, but Czervik promises Danny that he will make it "worth his while" if he wins. After a moment, Danny decides he would rather humiliate the selfish, conceited Smails than take the scholarship. By the time they reach the final hole, the score is tied. Judge Smails makes a putt for birdie with his prized "Billy Barue" putter. With Danny about to attempt a difficult putt to tie, Czervik again redoubles the wager to $160,000 per team that Danny will make the putt. Danny's putt leaves the ball hanging over the edge of the hole. At that moment, Carl, in his latest attempt to kill the gopher, detonates a series of plastic explosives that he has rigged around the golf course.
The explosion shakes the ground and causes the ball to drop into the hole, tying the match but handing Danny and Czervik victory on the wager. Smails refuses to pay, so Czervik beckons two hulking men, named Moose and Rocco, to "help the judge find his checkbook." As Smails is chased across the course, Czervik leads a wild party at the clubhouse, attended by all of the onlookers at the match. Some distance away, the gopher emerges from underground and dances amid the smoldering ruins of the golf course; the movie was inspired by writer and co-star Brian Doyle-Murray's memories working as a caddy at Indian Hill Club in Winnetka, Illinois. His brothers Bill and John Murray, director Harold Ramis had worked as caddies when they were teenagers. Many of the characters in the film were based on characters they had encountered through their various experiences at the club, including a young woman upon whom the character of Maggie is based and the Haverkamps, a doddering old couple and Ilma, longtime members of the club, who can hit the ball out of their shadows.
The scene involving a Baby Ruth candy bar being thrown into the swimming pool was based on a real-life incident at Doyle-Murray's high school. The scene i