Nicomaine Dei Capili Mendoza is a Filipino actress, host and Internet personality, writer, k-pop star, product endorser, singer-songwriter. She is best known for her viral Dubsmash videos and her role as Yaya Dub in the noontime variety show Eat Bulaga! Segment "Kalyeserye" aired on GMA Network and worldwide via GMA Pinoy TV, her rise to fame is described as phenomenal and unconventional due to the unscripted forming of AlDub love team in Eat Bulaga! on July 16, 2015 where she was paired with Alden Richards. AlDub is a portmanteau of Richards' first name and Mendoza's character in "Kalyeserye". Beyond Eat Bulaga!, Mendoza featured in the 2015 film My Bebe Love: #KiligPaMore, for which she won Best Supporting Actress at the 41st Metro Manila Film Festival. She was the lead actress in the 2016 film Imagine You & Me, where she wrote and sang its theme song. Mendoza has a passion for writing, having been a blogger before she entered show business. In October 2017, she released her first autobiographical book entitled Yup, I Am That Girl.
Which is an unfiltered version of her personal blog Pessimistic Optimist Bella. Maine Mendoza was born on March 3, 1995 in Santa Maria, Philippines to Mary Ann and Teodoro Mendoza. Mary Ann is an accountant who owns a number of gasoline stations in Bulacan while Teodoro is an engineer who ventures on road construction business, she has two sisters. All of the names of her siblings start with "Nico", she finished her high school at St. Paul College of Bocaue in Bulacan, she completed a bachelor's degree in hotel and institution management major in culinary arts at De La Salle-College of St. Benilde, she had her internship at The Sagamore in New York. In the early part of 2015, Mendoza posted a Dubsmash compilation on Facebook, which she impersonated Kris Aquino that went viral with one million views overnight; this earned her the title "Queen of Dubsmash" in the Philippines. Subsequently, she was cast as Yaya Dub, the personal assistant of Lola Nidora, on Eat Bulaga!'s "Juan For All, All For Juan" segment and first appeared on July 4, 2015.
Her character in the segment was paired with fellow Eat Bulaga! co-host Alden Richards, done without any script, on July 16, 2015, in the romantic-comedy sketch portion of the show titled "Kalyeserye." The couple became popularly known as AlDub, a combination of Richards' first name and Mendoza's character in "Kalyeserye." Their pairing resulted to their wide exposure and to the further increase of the TV ratings of Eat Bulaga! In November 2015, Mendoza joined the cast of Princess in the Palace as Chef Elize, her first appearance in an actual teleserye. In December 2015, she appeared as a guest star in the TV sitcom Vampire Ang Daddy Ko and in the Sunday noontime variety show Sunday PinaSaya. Mendoza and Richards starred in a 2015 Metro Manila Film Festival entry entitled My Bebe Love #KiligPaMore together with Vic Sotto and Ai-Ai de las Alas. Jose Javier Reyes, the director of the film, confirmed the inclusion of Mendoza in the motion picture. Mendoza plays the stubborn and rebellious child of Vic Sotto's character.
She was given the Best Supporting Actress award by the MMFF for her role. In December 2015, they appeared in GMA Network's station ID commercial for Christmas. Though she appears in GMA, she is not a member of the GMA Artist Center and her career is being managed by Triple A, the talent management arm of Antonio P. Tuviera, the executive producer of Eat Bulaga!. Mendoza participated in the Lenten season drama specials of Eat Bulaga! in March 2016. She reprised her role as Divina/Yaya Dub in Kaputol ng Buhay and starred as Dani in God Gave Me You where she won the Darling of the Screen award and was nominated for Most Dramatic Performance by a Lead Star in Eat Bulaga!'s 3rd EB Dabarkads Awards held on April 2, 2016. Mendoza and Richards starred in film Imagine Me as lead actors; some of the scenes of the film were shot in Italy. In 2017, Mendoza and Richards starred in their first prime time television series Destined to be Yours where Mendoza played the role as Sinag Obispo, a radio DJ and the love interest of Benjie Rosales, an architect played by Richards.
In October 2017, Mendoza and Richards headlined in an Eat Bulaga! produced television film entitled Love is... with Adolf Alix Jr as the director. Since December 2017, Mendoza appears playing different guest roles in Daig Kayo ng Lola Ko. Mendoza and Richards have done a number of product endorsements while Mendoza appeared in a number of advertisements by herself, she has appeared as the cover girl for Meg magazine and Preview magazine for November 2015. Mendoza and the cast of "Kalyeserye" segment were featured on YES! magazine's November 2015 issue. Mendoza and Richards appeared on the covers of Reader's Digest Asia, a special issue of YES! magazine, Inside Showbiz and PeopleAsia in December 2015. Aside from being in the cover of PeopleAsia, Mendoza together with Richards received the People of the Year award in 2016 from the magazine. In recognition of Mendoza's effectiveness as a product endorser, she became the Trinitian Awardee for Most Valuable Female Advertising Endorser during Platinum Stallion Awards in 2016.
Mendoza and Richards were on the cover again of the January 2016 issue of YES! magazine. On the same month, the couple was the first showbiz personalities to land on the cover of BizNews Asia. In the 2016 calendar of Disney Channel Asia, Mendoza appeared as Elsa from the Disney film Frozen. Mendoza appeared in the February 2016 issue of Cosmopolitan magazine with Richards and Esquire Philippines with Jose Manalo, Wally Bayola and
AlDub was a love team and a supercouple in the Philippines that first appeared in the Kalyeserye portion of the "Juan for All, All for Juan" segment of the variety show Eat Bulaga! Aired in GMA Network, they are called as the "phenomenal love team" due to their rise in popularity after they were accidentally paired on the July 16, 2015 episode of the Problem Solving portion of "Juan for All, All for Juan" which became the first episode of Kalyeserye. AlDub is derived from a portmanteau of the tandem's character names in Kalyeserye, namely Filipino actor Alden Richards, who portrays a fictionalized version of himself, Yaya Dub, portrayed by Dubsmash personality and actress Maine Mendoza, who does not talk and interacts through lip-syncing. Both joining the program's cast in 2015, Richards first appeared as a host of Eat Bulaga!'s various segments, such as the "That's My Bae" portion. During the first few months of Kalyeserye, they interacted through the show's split screen frame, the AlDub couple's main communication is through lip syncing audio clips from popular songs, films and TV series.
After they met in September 2015 and Yaya Dub was allowed to speak, the couple's interaction is no longer limited to split screen and lip-syncing. Outside Kalyeserye, they still referred to as AlDub if they no longer portraying their Kalyeserye characters, they have been product endorsers and appeared in films, notably My Bebe Love: #KiligPaMore and their first solo film Imagine You and Me. In 2017, AlDub starred in the romantic comedy teleserye Destined to Be Yours, which aired from February 27, 2017 to May 26, 2017. A 30-minute to 1-hour soap opera parody entitled Kalyeserye was created within the "Juan for All, All for Juan"s segment for the tandem, featuring live improv acting from the AlDub supercouple and its additional characters–Filipino comedians Wally Bayola, Jose Manalo, Paolo Ballesteros as various characters; the segment proved to be a success in both broadcast television and social media, resulting in a significant increase of viewership and popularity of Eat Bulaga!. In addition, it has contributed to the careers of Richards and Mendoza.
As of late, different media outlets had hailed AlDub as a "social media phenomenon" following its success in trending everyday on Twitter and other social media platforms. Record-breaking tweets correlate to a pivotal episode of Kalyeserye about AlDub's continuing romance; such is the case on September 5, 2015, as the couple saw each other for the first time after their respective performances in the Bulaga Pa More! Dabarkads Edition wildcard round. Subsequent meetings for the pair happened in the weeks that followed, advancing the storyline of Kalyeserye. On September 26, 2015, they first reached record-breaking tweets on Twitter for #ALDubEBforLOVE with 25.6 million tweets in just a day, breaking their own record of 12.1 million tweets within 24 hours for #ALDUBMostAwaitedDate on September 19, 2015. On October 24, 2015, the couple got to meet properly without hindrances through Eat Bulaga!'s grand benefit concert at the Philippine Arena dubbed as "Sa Tamang Panahon". The concert was part of the show's 36th anniversary and held as a celebration to Eat Bulaga! and a tribute to the fans of AlDub.
Proceeds were used to fund libraries for certain schools across the Philippines. That day, the hashtag #ALDubEBTamangPanahon reached over 41 million tweets within 24 hours, beating the record of the 2014 World Cup semi-final match between Brazil and Germany, which consists of 37.6 million tweets within 24 hours. Rishi Jaitly, one of the executives of Twitter said that the tweets were "real and organic." Apart of social media records, the concert recorded a live audience of 55,000 people and set another record after tickets for the event sold out in less than 3 days. In 2015, Alden Richards, who had finished filming the miniseries Ilustrado, was invited to join Eat Bulaga! as a host for a month-long trial period, hosting various segments such as "Pak Na Pak" and "That's My Bae" with Indian-Filipino radio disc jockey Sam YG. A month Maine Mendoza, who had gained popularity for posting Dubsmash videos in various social media platforms, auditioned for the program after catching the attention of its producers.
Mendoza entered showbiz on July 4, 2015. She recalled that she was cast as a lawyer for Eat Bulaga!'s "Juan for All, All for Juan" segment but was cast as Yaya Dub, a personal assistant for comedian's Lola Nidora character. Utilizing her Dubsmash popularity, Mendoza only communicates in the series through vocal dubbing and was portrayed as the snobbish Yaya Dub. On the show's July 16, 2015 episode, Yaya Dub broke character when she was caught being kilig seeing Richards on the show's live split screen, prompting Eat Bulaga's producers to make an onscreen couple of the two. On October 1, 2015, their first duet happened when Maine Mendoza and Alden Richards sang "Wish I May", a song by the latter, "God Gave Me You", a hit song by Bryan White. Mike Tuviera, a resident director for the show, revealed; the name "AlDub" was conceived as a p
The multiple-camera setup, multiple-camera mode of production, multi-camera or multicam is a method of filmmaking and video production. Several cameras—either film or professional video cameras—are employed on the set and record or broadcast a scene, it is contrasted with single-camera setup, which uses one camera. The two outer cameras shoot close-up shots or "crosses" of the two most active characters on the set at any given time, while the central camera or cameras shoot a wider master shot to capture the overall action and establish the geography of the room. In this way, multiple shots are obtained in a single take without having to start and stop the action; this is more efficient for programs that are to be shown a short time after being shot as it reduces the time spent in film or video editing. It is a virtual necessity for regular, high-output shows like daily soap operas. Apart from saving editing time, scenes may be shot far more as there is no need for re-lighting and the set-up of alternative camera angles for the scene to be shot again from the different angle.
It reduces the complexity of tracking continuity issues that crop up when the scene is reshot from the different angles. It is an essential part of live television. Drawbacks include a less optimized lighting which needs to provide a compromise for all camera angles and less flexibility in putting the necessary equipment on scene, such as microphone booms and lighting rigs; these can be efficiently hidden from just one camera but can be more complicated to set up and their placement may be inferior in a multiple-camera setup. Another drawback is in film usage—a four-camera setup may use up to four times as much film per take, compared with a single-camera setup. While shooting, the director and assistant director create a line cut by instructing the technical director to switch between the feeds from the individual cameras. In the case of sitcoms with studio audiences, this line cut is displayed to them on studio monitors; the line cut might be refined in editing, as the output from all cameras is recorded, both separately and as a combined reference display called the q split.
The camera being recorded to the line cut is indicated by a tally light controlled by a camera control unit on the camera as a reference both for the actors and the camera operators. The use of multiple film cameras dates back to the development of narrative silent films, with the earliest example being the first Russian feature film Defence of Sevastopol and directed by Vasily Goncharov and Aleksandr Khanzhonkov; when sound came into the picture multiple cameras were used to film multiple sets at a single time. Early sound was recorded onto wax discs; the use of multiple video cameras to cover a scene goes back to the earliest days of television. The BBC used multiple cameras for their live television shows from 1936 onward. Although it is claimed that the multiple-camera setup was pioneered for television by Desi Arnaz and cinematographer Karl Freund on I Love Lucy in 1951, other filmed television shows had used it, including the CBS comedy The Amos'n Andy Show, filmed at the Hal Roach Studios and was on the air four months earlier.
The technique was developed for television by Hollywood short-subject veteran Jerry Fairbanks, assisted by producer-director Frank Telford, first seen on the anthology series The Silver Theater, another CBS program, in February 1950. Desilu's innovation was to use 35mm film instead of 16mm and to film with a multiple-camera setup before a live studio audience. In the late 1970s, Garry Marshall was credited with adding the fourth camera to the multi-camera set-up for his series Mork & Mindy. Actor Robin Williams could not stay on his marks due to his physically active improvisations during shooting, so Marshall had them add the fourth camera just to stay on Williams so they would have more than just the master shot of the actor. Soon after, many productions followed suit and now having four cameras is the norm for multi-camera situation comedies; the multiple-camera method gives the director less control over each shot but is faster and less expensive than a single-camera setup. In television, multiple-camera is used for sports programs, news programs, soap operas, talk shows, game shows, some sitcoms.
Before the pre-filmed continuing series became the dominant dramatic form on American television, the earliest anthology programs utilized multiple camera methods. Multiple cameras can take different shots of a live situation as the action unfolds chronologically and is suitable for shows which require a live audience. For this reason, multiple camera productions can be taped much faster than single camera. Single camera productions are shot in takes and various setups with components of the action repeated several times and out of sequence. Sitcoms shot with the multiple camera setup include nearly all of Lucille Ball's TV series, as well as Mary Kay and Johnny, The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, All in the Family, Three's Company, The Cosby Show, Friends, Will & Grace, Everybody Loves Raymond, The King of Queens, Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory, Mike & Molly, Mom, 2 Broke Girls, One Day at a Time. Many American sitcom
Lavina Tandon is an Indian television actress who started her career at an early age as a child artist. Lavina Tandon on IMDb
Kalyeserye is a soap opera parody segment, aired live on the Filipino noontime variety show Eat Bulaga! on GMA Network in the Philippines and worldwide through GMA Pinoy TV. The mini-show, as it has evolved, focused on AlDub, the fictional couple pairing — or "love team" as it is more known in the Philippines — of Alden Richards and Maine Mendoza's "Yaya Dub" character in which the two only communicate through lip-syncing to various pop songs and movie audio clips as well as written messages, interact only on the show's split-screen frame. Richards is based in Broadway Centrum studio of Eat Bulaga! in Quezon City while Mendoza travels around to a different barangay. With an initial runtime of a few minutes, the show soon expanded to over a half-hour for each episode, with specials running longer and for more segments. Current runtimes 15 minutes on the Saturdays; the show features live improvisation from Richards, Wally Bayola, Jose Manalo and Paolo Ballesteros who all play various roles while the other hosts of Eat Bulaga! in the studio serve as live commentators that interact with the characters and the audiences.
Kalyeserye has elements of comedy-drama, romantic comedy and reality television. According to Anna Leah Sarabia, a Filipino anthropologist, the segment uses fairy tale and soap opera tropes; the term "Kalyeserye" is a play on the Filipino word teleserye and is a portmanteau of the Tagalog words kalye and serye. It was coined by Joey de Leon, one of the primary hosts of Eat Bulaga!, to refer to the location outside the studio, shot out on the streets of Metro Manila or in the provinces of the Philippines that serve as the remote setting of the parody segment. The portion proved to be a success in both broadcast television and social media, resulting in a significant increase in viewership and popularity of Eat Bulaga! on its 36th year in Philippine entertainment. In addition, it has contributed immensely to the rise of the careers of Mendoza. Kalyeserye temporarily ended on September 3, 2016 and returned on October 15, 2016 after a month-break. On December 17, 2016, the second incarnation of the series ended its run.
The show follows the love story of Yaya Dub, a girl who converses only in dubsmash, Alden Richards, a regular guest on the "Juan for All, All for Juan" television segment, during which they begin flirting with each other by dubsmashing and exchanging waves. Yaya Dub's employer, Lola Nidora, is against the couple's budding romance. Lola Nidora reveals her Book of Secrets/Secret Diary which contains various reasons for her disapproval; the appearance of other characters like the luxurious Frankie Arenolli and the socialite DuhRizz make things more complicated for the amorous pair. As the story unfolds, characters from Lola Nidora and Yaya Dub's past are revealed as a part of their backstory. Lola Nidora turns out to be one of the triplet children of the Zobeyala family. During the course of the series, Alden must prove his trustworthiness and love for Yaya Dub by engaging in several challenges. Since its return for the Season 2, it not only focuses on the continuation of the AlDub story as a fictional married couple but focuses of De Explorer sisters who become hosts for a cooking show, with the real life mothers, as guests, who can cook.
In 2015, Alden Richards, who had finished filming the mini-series Ilustrado, was invited to join Eat Bulaga! as a host for a month-long trial period, hosting various segments such as "That's My Bae" with radio disc jockey Sam Y. G.. A month Maine Mendoza, who had gained online popularity by posting her Dubsmash videos in various social media platforms, auditioned for the program after catching the attention of its producers. Mendoza joined the cast in July 2015, she was selected to act as a lawyer for Eat Bulaga!'s "Juan for All, All for Juan" segment but was cast as Yaya Dub, a nanny for Wally Bayola's "Lola Nidora" character. Mendoza's character would communicate only by lip synching to various pop song and film audio clips, does not speak onscreen, her character was portrayed as a serious and snobbish nanny who does not smile or laugh. Doña Nidora and Yaya Dub first appeared on July 4, 2015 in the Problem Solving portion of the "Juan For All, All For Juan" segment, their presence filled the void left by Doktora Dora de Explorer's character, who has left the previous day because she has to attend a seminar in South Africa.
However, the Kalyeserye segment started on July 16, 2015, when Yaya Dub sees Alden for the first time and thus, the AlDub tandem was born. Day 1 On the Eat Bulaga's July 16, 2015 episode referred to as "Day 1" Mendoza broke out of her "Yaya Dub" character when she accidentally smiled after noticing Alden Richards watching her on the show's live split screen. Upon seeing Mendoza's spontaneous reaction, the studio panel members Allan K. and Joey de Leon teased the pair and thus prompted Eat Bulaga's producers to make an on-screen couple of the two. Mike Tuviera, a resident director of the show, revealed that the resulting "Love Team", now called AlDub, was formed by accident because of the pair's natural on-screen chemistry. Due to the audiences' positive reception to the pairing, the shows' producers decided to make a 30-minute portion under its daily "Juan For All, All for Juan" segment to replace the previous "Problem Solving" portion. Pegged as "Kalyeserye", it was characterized as a dramedy series with
Vicente "Tito" Castelo Sotto III is a Filipino politician and the 29th and current Senate President of the Philippines. Sotto served as Vice Mayor of Quezon City, the Philippines' most populous city, from 1988 to 1992. Following the 2016 elections, he is serving his fourth term in the Senate, having served two consecutive terms from 1992 to 2004. Aside from politics, Sotto participated in acting and hosting. Sotto is a co-host of Eat Bulaga!, the longest-running variety show in Philippine television history. He is the brother of celebrities Vic Sotto, Val Sotto, Maru Sotto. Sotto and Filemon Sotto. Vicente Castelo Sotto III was born on August 24, 1948, his parents were Dr. Herminia Castelo Sotto, his siblings are Valmar, Marvic Valentin, Marcelino Antonio Jr. Sotto's paternal grandfather and namesake was former senator Vicente Sotto. Vicente’s brother, Filemon served as a senator and was one of those who drafted the 1935 Constitution. Sotto studied at Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Intramuros, Manila for his elementary, high school, college education, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in English.
Sotto's career started in the 1960s when he joined the combo Tilt Down Men, one of the members is his brother Val. The band plays covers of The Dave Clark Five and he became the vice president of Vicor Music Corporation. Vicor founder Orly Ilacad, had a career in the 1960s like Sotto, Orly Ilacad & the Ramrods. In 1977 he was the vocalist for the short lived group Bluejeans, he wrote the music for "Balatkayo" by Anthony Castelo, Castelo's hit. He formed the Manila Sound group VST & Company on which the meaning of VST were his initials. Among his notable compositions is "Magkaisa", recognized as one of the anthems of the 1986 People Power Revolution. Sotto was vice mayor of Quezon City from 1988 to 1992, he served as its first president. During this period, Sotto was named Vice Chairman of Citizens' Drugwatch. Sotto was elected to the Senate of the Philippines in the 1992 senatorial election, topping the tally with nearly 12 million votes, more than 3 million more than his second place ranker; this made him the third member of his family to enter the Senate, after his grandfather Vicente Yap Sotto and granduncle Filemon Sotto.
He served as Assistant Majority Floor Leader, was a member of the Commission on Appointments, served as chairman on several senate committees. In the 1998 senatorial election, Sotto earned another term in the Senate with a third place finish, the best result among Senators vying for re-election. From April 30 to May 1, 2001, together with Juan Ponce Enrile, Gregorio Honasan, Panfilo Lacson and Miriam Defensor Santiago, he led the EDSA III protests in support of Joseph Estrada. On May 1, 2001, the protesters stormed Malacañang Palace. In spite of this, he ran for another term in the Senate in 2007 under the TEAM Unity coalition backed by the Arroyo administration, but was unsuccessful, finishing in 19th place. Sotto was appointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as a member of the Board of Directors and acting chairman of the Dangerous Drugs Board on July 4, 2008, succeeding Anselmo Avenido whose term was expiring that day; the appointment was just over one year after his failed 2007 senatorial bid.
Philippine election laws forbid defeated candidates from being appointed to government posts within a year of the election. Sotto won election to another term in the Philippine Senate in the 2010 senatorial election, as a member of the Nationalist People's Coalition. Upon the commencement of the 15th Congress on July 26, 2010, he was elected by the majority of his fellow Senators as the Majority Leader of the Senate as well as the Chairman of its Committee on Rules, thus he manages the legislative affairs of the Senate on the floor during the sessions, he was one of the 20 Senators that voted to convict Chief Justice Renato Corona and to remove him from office on 29 May of that year. In 2012, Sotto was accused of plagiarizing several passages in a speech opposing the Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippine Senate. Several local and international news agencies and several internet users reported that Sotto had taken the passages from a 2011 blog entry by Sarah Pope, an American home economist blogger.
Sotto asserted that he was quoting Natasha Campbell-McBride, referenced in the blog post. Pope, upon learning of the controversy, confirmed Sotto's plagiarism on August 16, 2012 in another entry to her blog criticizing Sotto for the plagiarism, for denying it, for his stance on contraceptives, she remarked that she did not intend to sue. Sotto's chief of staff, in a comment on Pope's blog, admitted to using the blog post and failing to attribute Pope's work. Pope responded to the comment again criticizing Sotto's stance on the Reproductive Health Bill. On August 17, Sotto reasserted his defense saying: "I made a blanket disclosure. I mentioned beforehand my attributions. I have made a disclosure, so what’s their problem with that? They thought I’m trying to pass myself off as knowledgeable when in fact I’m not Where is the plagiarism there? They think. So come on, sue me." Villacorta said he saw nothing wrong with using Pope’s blog without attribution because it "is public domain" and "blogs are not covered by copyright.
It is a new media and there is no jurisprudence yet." In an interview on the Philippine newscast 24 Oras, Sotto remarked: "Whatever it
Indian Indonesians are a group of people who live in Indonesia and whose ancestors came from the Indian subcontinent. Therefore, this term can be regarded as a blanket term for not only Indonesian Indian proper, but Indonesian Pakistanis. According to the Indian Ministry of External Affairs, there were about 120,000 people of Indian origin as well as 9,000 Indian nationals living and working in Indonesia as of January 2012. Most of them were concentrated in province of North Sumatra and urban areas such as Banda Aceh, Surabaya and Jakarta. However, it is impossible to get correct statistical figures on the Indian Indonesian population, because most them have merged and assimilated with the indigenous population to become indistinguishable from native Indonesians. Various people from the Indian subcontinent have frequented the Indonesian archipelago since the prehistoric era. In Bali, for example, remains of pottery from the first centuries C. E. have been recovered. In fact, the name Indonesia itself comes from the Latin Indus and Greek nêsos, which means the "Indian archipelago".
From the 4th and 5th centuries onwards, Indian cultural influences became more visible. The Orthodox Version of Tamil Language was used on inscriptions. However, since the 7th century onward, the Indian scripts were used more to write down indigenous languages which by now contained many loan words from Prakrit and Tamil. In addition to that, indigenous Indonesians began to embrace Buddhism, it is believed that various Indian people settled in Indonesia and assimilated with the local population. In an inscription from Central Java in the 9th century, the names of various Indian people are mentioned: ikang warga kilalan kling ārya singhala pandikiri drawiḍa campa kmir.... "the civilians of which one has the use are: people from Kalinga, Sinhalese, people from Pandiya kera = Pandiyas, Keralites ), Dravidians and Khmer..."Later, with the rise of Islam, this religion was brought to Indonesia by the Indian Muslims from the 11th century onward, first not to replace the existing religious systems, but to complement them.
Today migrations of people from India still occur. In Medan, North Sumatra, there is a large community estimated at 75,000 people. In all of Indonesia, various North Indians are found, their professions are connected with textile industries. Like Chinese Indonesians, many are shop owners. Though there are no official figures, it is estimated that there are around 25,000 PIOs/NRIs living in Indonesia, of whom the Indian expatriate community registered with the Embassy and the Consulate in Medan numbers around 75,000. Indians have been living in Indonesia for centuries, from the time of the Sri Vijaya and Majapahit Empire, both of which were Hindu and influenced by the subcontinent. Indians were brought to Indonesia by the Dutch in the 19th century as indentured labourers to work on plantations located around Medan in Sumatra. While the majority of these came from South India, a significant number came from the north; the Medan Indians included Hindus and Sikhs. They have now been in Indonesia for over four generations, hold Indonesian passports.
While local statistics continue to suggest that there are some 400 PIOs in Sumatra, the vast majority are now assimilated in Indonesian society, though some elements of the Tamil and Bihari communities still maintain their cultural traditions. The Indian Diaspora includes several thousand Sindhi families who constitute the second wave of Indian immigrants who made Indonesia their home in the first half of the 20th century; the Sindhi community is engaged in trading and commerce. Among these communities, Tamils and to a lesser extent Sikhs were engaged in agriculture, while Sindhis established themselves in the textile trade and the sports business; the inflow of major Indian investments in Indonesia starting in the late 1970s drew a fresh wave of Indian investors and managers to this country. This group of entrepreneurs and business professionals has further expanded over the past two decades, now includes engineers, chartered accountants and other professionals; the Indian community is well regarded in Indonesia, is prosperous, includes individuals holding senior positions in local and multinational companies.
Due to economic factors, most traders and businessmen among PIOs have, over the past decades, moved to Jakarta from outlying areas such as Medan and Surabaya. Half of the Indian community in Indonesia is now Jakarta-based. There are six main social or professional associations in Jakarta's Indian PIO/NRI community. Gandhi Seva Loka is a charitable institution run by the Sindhi community, is engaged in educational and social activities. Gandhi Memorial International School, offers IB curriculum run by the Gandhi Seva Lokha; the India Club is a social organization of PIO/NRI professionals. An Indian Women's Association undertakes charitable activities. There is a Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee in Jakarta, Sindhis as well as Sikhs are associated with Gurudwara activities; the Economic Association of Indonesia and India brings together leading entrepreneurs from the Indian community with the objective of promoting bilateral economic relations, but this group has been inactive. There is the Indonesian chapter of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.