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The Official Finnish Charts

The Official Finnish Charts are national record charts in Finland compiled and published by Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. The name Suomen virallinen lista/Finlands officiella lista, singular in both Finnish and Swedish, is used generically to refer to both the albums and the singles chart, the context reveals which chart is meant; the first charts were published in 1951. In January 1991, the Yle radio station Radiomafia started to compile the first weekly chart in Finland called Radiomafian lista, broadcast on the radio every Sunday. Prior to that, all singles and album charts in Finland had been either monthly or biweekly published sales charts. Radiomafian lista became the official Finnish charts in January 1994 when they began a partnership with Suomen Ääni- ja kuvatallennetuottajat, the umbrella organization of recording producers active in Finland, they began to publish the first weekly published singles chart based on sales in Finland, as well as a chart for studio and compilation albums.

This move killed the competition from the other chart compilers and by 1995, the Official Finnish Charts were the only sales charts published in Finland. Presently the following weekly charts are composed and published by Musiikkituottajat, according to sales and streaming: Albums Singles Mid-priced albums Music DVDs In addition, Musiikkituottajat owns and publishes a digital chart which tracks digital sales of songs and is compiled by the Official Charts Company. In November 2013, Musiikkituottajat began to publish the Official Finnish Airplay Chart: Official Finnish Download Chart Official Finnish Airplay Chart List of number-one singles — the tables include the Singles Chart, the Download Chart and the Airplay Chart List of number-one albums List of best-selling albums in Finland List of best-selling singles in Finland List of best-selling music artists in Finland Official charts on IFPI.fi website Archives of Finnish Charts including singles and albums mid-1995 to present Finnish Charts on FinnishCharts.com Archives of Finnish Singles Chart Archives of Finnish Albums Chart

1987 All-American Bowl

The 1987 All-American Bowl featured the first meeting between the BYU Cougars and the Virginia Cavaliers. BYU, coached by Lavell Edwards, had a 9–3 record going into the bowl game and Virginia, coached by George Welsh had a 7–4 record; the game ended up being filled with missed opportunities for BYU. The Cougars missed a pair of field goals -- another from 47 yards. Virginia's defense came through a couple of different times with key goal line stands to stop other potential scoring drives. BYU settled for a 20-yard field goal from Leonard Chitty on its first possession to take a 3–0 lead; the Cougars had a first-and-goal from the 4-yard line but Darren Handley dropped a would-be touchdown pass on third down. Trailing 3–0, the Cavaliers struck quickly. Quarterback Scott Secules scored on a three-yard keeper to make it 7–3. Early in the second quarter, Virginia went 66 yards in four plays behind the running of Kevin Morgan, who scored on a 25-yard run to make it 14–3; the third quarter belonged to BYU.

But the Cougars scored just once – on an eight-yard run by Freddie Whittingham. A muffed PAT attempt left it 14–9. Another potential scoring drive ended when BYU drove inside the five-yard line, but a fourth down pass to Matt Bellini was batted away in the end zone by Tony Covington. Virginia boosted its lead to 22–9 with 11:17 left in the game when John Ford hauled in a 22-yard pass from Secules and the Cavs had a successful two-point conversion; the Cougars answered with a one-yard touchdown pass from Sean Covey to Whittingham that made it 22–16 with 7:09 remaining. BYU had one last shot at a go-ahead touchdown in the final minutes, but Covey was stopped two feet short on a fourth-down run by defensive end Sean Scott. Secules was named MVP after completing 10 of 19 passes for 162 yards, one touchdown and two interceptions. Covey threw 61 passes and completed 37 for 394 yards, one touchdown and one interception

Municipality of Vipava

The Municipality of Vipava is a municipality in western Slovenia. The seat of the municipality is the town of Vipava, it used to be a part of the traditional region of Inner Carniola, but it is now regarded as a part of the Slovenian Littoral. The municipality was established in its current form on 3 October 1994, when the former larger Municipality of Ajdovščina was subdivided into the municipalities of Ajdovščina and Vipava; the Municipality of Vipava is subdivided into 11 local communities, which comprise one or more villages. They are: Vipava, Erzelj, Goče, Gradišče pri Vipavi, Lozice, Lože, Manče, Podraga and Vrhpolje. Media related to Vipava municipality at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Vipava at Geopedia Vipava Valley Tourist Association site

Joris van der Hoeven

Joris van der Hoeven is a Dutch mathematician and computer scientist, specializing in algebraic analysis and computer algebra. Joris van der Hoeven received in 1997 his doctorate from Paris Diderot University with thesis Asymptotique automatique, he is a Directeur de recherche at the CNRS and head of the team Max Modélisation algébrique at the Laboratoire d'informatique of the École Polytechnique. His research deals with transseries with applications to algebraic analysis and asymptotic solutions of nonlinear differential equations. In addition to transseries' properties as part of differential algebra and model theory, he examines their algorithmic aspects as well as those of classical complex function theory, he is the main developer of GNU Mathemagix. In 2018 he was an Invited Speaker with talk On numbers and transseries at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Rio de Janeiro. In 2018, the three received the Karp Prize. Van Der Hoeven, Joris. "Fast evaluation of holonomic functions".

Theoretical Computer Science. 210: 199–215. Doi:10.1016/S0304-397500102-9. Hoeven, Joris van der. "Fast Evaluation of Holonomic Functions Near and in Regular Singularities". Journal of Symbolic Computation. 31: 717–743. Doi:10.1006/jsco.2000.0474. 2001 Van Der Hoeven, Joris. "Relax, but Don't be Too Lazy". Journal of Symbolic Computation. 34: 479–542. Doi:10.1006/jsco.2002.0562. 2002 Van Der Hoeven, Joris. "Newton's method and FFT trading". Journal of Symbolic Computation. 45: 857–878. Doi:10.1016/j.jsc.2010.03.005. Harvey, David. "Even faster integer multiplication". Journal of Complexity. 36: 1–30. ArXiv:1407.3360. Doi:10.1016/j.jco.2016.03.001. 2016 Hoeven, Joris Van Der. "Modular SIMD arithmetic in Mathemagix". ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software. 43: 1–37. Doi:10.1145/2876503. 2016 Harvey, David. "Faster Polynomial Multiplication over Finite Fields". Journal of the ACM. 63: 1–23. Doi:10.1145/3005344. 2017 Transseries and Real Differential Algebra, Springer 2006 with Lou van den Dries, Matthias Aschenbrenner: Asymptotic Differential Algebra and Model Theory of Transseries, Annals of Mathematical Studies 195, Princeton University Press 2017

E. Myles Standish

Erland Myles Standish, Jr. is a mathematical astronomer working in the field of solar system dynamics and celestial mechanics. He had worked for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Standish gained his Ph. D degree at Yale University with a thesis, produced in 1968, called "Numerical Studies of the Gravitational Problem of N Bodies" and his early work at Yale University Observatory concerned celestial mechanics and mathematical astronomy, he joined the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the 1970s and continued his work there until his retirement in about 2006. Standish worked on the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Development Ephemeris. Early versions refined the accuracy of these fundamental astronomical data-sets by including many recent and accurate observational data, new types of data, using improved data processing methods, including refined equations of motion which more described the actual physics of the solar system. With the inclusion of the lunar work of J. G. Williams and others, improved solar and lunar ephemerides were developed far enough to have a significant historical as well as current coverage.

Versions of the Development Ephemerides include Development Ephemeris DE200, used in the Astronomical Almanac as the basis for the ephemerides of sun and planets from 1984 through 2002. Examples of the Development Ephemerides supported the navigation of specific NASA planetary space missions with precise results. Standish's work towards the development of the ephemerides took him into the field of the history of astronomy, including study of the noted occurrence of Neptune in the notes of Galileo, identifying an additional manuscript observation of Neptune by Galileo, analyzing its significance for the modern-day ephemerides. Standish has collaborated with Dr. Elena V. Pitjeva and Dr. Agnes Fienga on the topic of a better determination of the Astronomical Unit and of the masses of the asteroids. Standish has dealt with the Pioneer Anomaly issue by modeling it in a modified version of the usual ephemerides and fitting such a new dynamical theory of planetary motions to the usual, well-established observational data set.

In 2008, Standish received the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. According to the NASA ADS database, Standish's h-index is 21, with a total number of citations, self-citations being excluded, equal to 2003

The Wicked Lady (album)

The Wicked Lady is the soundtrack to the 1983 remake of the film of the same title. It was composed by Genesis keyboardist Tony Banks; the first side of the LP features Banks performing solo versions of themes from the soundtrack. The second side of the LP is the actual soundtrack performed by the National Philharmonic Orchestra. For many years this had been the only entire solo LP by a Genesis member never to have been released on CD. However, a CD version was released on April 15, 2013. In their retrospective review, AllMusic favorably compared the Banks solo half of the album to the instrumentals from A Curious Feeling, they praised the second half for being "more complex and dramatic", but admitted that it would be of little interest to most Genesis fans. They complimented the format of having the songs rendered in both solo and orchestral versions: "Often switching between minor and major keys within songs, Banks has always shown a proclivity to classical stylings which helps the transitions of his pieces here to their orchestral versions."

Side 1"The Wicked Lady" – 3:34 "Spring" – 2:38 "The Chase" – 3:30 "Caroline" – 3:11 "Jerry Jackson" – 2:30 "Repentance" – 2:10 "Kit" – 3:06 "Barbara" – 4:50Side 2"Prelude to The Wicked Lady" – 4:05 "Portrait of Jerry Jackson" – 4:59 "Caroline's Theme" – 3:06 "Scherzo" – 2:44 "Pastorale" – 4:02 "The Wicked Lady" – 3:45 "Kit's Theme" – 3:14 "Finale" – 2:06 Music from the film by National Philharmonic Orchestra Variations on themes from The Wicked Lady by Tony Banks Side one played by Tony Banks, recorded at home on 8 track. Mixed at The Farm, with help from Steven Short and Geoff Callingham. Side two consists of orchestrated versions played by the National Philharmonic Orchestra of London, recorded at St. Peter's Church, Morden. Musical arrangements and orchestration by Christopher Palmer. Engineer: Tony Faulkner