The House of Hate
The House of Hate is a 1918 American film serial directed by George B. Seitz, produced many early film studios in Americas first motion picture industry were based in Fort Lee. The serial was announced at 15 episodes but due to its box office success was extended to 20. A print of a condensed featurized version of The House of Hate from the collection of filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein is held in the Gosfilmofund film archive in Russia. A restored version of the serial with reconstructed opening titles, chapter summaries, harry Gresham, a young scientist/engineer, is in love with Pearl, and she finds out that she regards him more highly than she does her cousin, after the betrothal. Another cousin, Naomi, is in love with Gresham and does her best to block his efforts to win Pearl, with Greshams help, Pearl must fend off repeated, wildly violent and merciless attacks on her life by the masked man throughout the serial. H
Each chapter was screened at a movie theater for one week, and ended with a cliffhanger, in which characters found themselves in perilous situations with little apparent chance of escape. Viewers had to each week to see the cliffhangers resolved. Many serials were Westerns, since those were the least expensive to film, besides Westerns, there were films covering many genres, including crime fiction, comic book or comic strip characters, science fiction, and jungle adventures. Although most serials were filmed economically, some were made at significant expense, the Flash Gordon serial and its sequels, for instance, were major productions in their times. Serials were a form of movie entertainment dating back to Edisons What Happened to Mary of 1912. Usually filmed with low budgets, serials were action-packed stories that involved a hero battling an evil villain. The hero and heroine would face one trap after another, battling countless thugs and lackeys, many famous clichés of action-adventure movies had their origins in the serials.
The popular Indiana Jones movies are a well-known, romantic pastiche of the serials clichéd plot elements, ruth Roland, Marin Sais, Ann Little, and Helen Holmes were early leading serial queens. Most of these serials put beautiful young women in jeopardy week after week, the serials starring women were the most popular during the silent period but in the sound era few serials had a female character in the major role. Years after their first release, serials gained new life at Saturday Matinees, for that reason, serials are sometimes called Saturday Matinee Serials, even though they were originally shown with feature films. Many have been released in home video formats, besides the hero or heroine, some terms are used to define villains and supporting players, The saddle pal or sidekick was the helper or assistant of the hero or heroine. That person was often a comic or a more serious. The brains heavy was the man who issued the orders to his henchmen and he often wears a suit, and pretends to be an upright, lawful member of the community.
He usually had little to do until the last chapter except talk, the action heavy is the assistant or second-in-command to the brains heavy who usually wore workmanlike duds, did the physical labor, and often had more brawn than brains. He went from one chapter to the next trying desperately to kill the hero with fists, guns, bombs, or whatever else was handy at the time. The oldtimer was the man who owned the ranch, the father of the hero and often had a short lifespan, as well those that wore a badge of a sheriff, marshall. The middle-aged and older performers who were judges, storeowners, owners of the newspaper, executives. Famous American serials of the silent era include The Perils of Pauline and The Exploits of Elaine made by Pathé Frères, another popular serial was the 119-episode The Hazards of Helen made by Kalem Studios and starring Helen Holmes for the first forty-eight episodes Helen Gibson for the remainder
Ruth Roland was an American stage and film actress and film producer. Ruth Roland was born in San Francisco and her father managed a theatre, and she became a child actress who went on to work in vaudeville. She was hired by director Sidney Olcott who had seen her on stage in New York City and she appeared in her first film for Kalem Studios in 1909 and along with actress Gene Gauntier was soon billed as a Kalem Girl. She eventually was sent to Kalems West Coast studio, where she was the leading actress, aged 12, she was the youngest student at Hollywood High School, having attended the school around 1904 or 1905. Roland was Hollywood High Schools first homegrown movie star, Roland left Kalem and went on to even more fame at Balboa Films, where she was under contract from 1914–1917. In 1915 she appeared in a 14-episode adventure film serial titled The Red Circle, a shrewd businessperson, she established her own production company and signed a distribution deal with Pathé to make six new multi-episode serials that proved very successful.
Between 1909 and 1927, Roland appeared in more than 200 films and she appeared in an early color feature film Cupid Angling made in the Natural Color process invented by Leon F. Douglass, and filmed in the Lake Lagunitas area of Marin County, California. Roland worked the business until 1930 when she made her first talkie. Although her voice worked well enough on screen, now entering her forties she returned to performing in theatre, making only one more film appearance. Roland was married to Lionel T, in 1929 she married fellow actor Ben Bard, who had a stage acting background, and who ran a Hollywood acting school after they married. They were together until the end of Rolands life, Ruth Roland died of cancer in 1937, aged 45, in Hollywood and is interred near her husband, Ben Bard in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. For her contribution to the picture industry, Ruth Roland received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6220 Hollywood Boulevard on February 8,1960
The Perils of Pauline (1914 serial)
The Perils of Pauline is a 1914 American melodrama film serial shown in weekly installments, featuring Pearl White as the title character. Pauline has often cited as a famous example of a damsel in distress, although some analyses hold that her character was more resourceful. Pauline is menaced by assorted villains, including pirates and Indians, although each episode placed Pauline in a situation that looked sure to result in her imminent death, the end of each installment showed how she was rescued or otherwise escaped the danger. Despite popular associations, Pauline was never tied to railroad tracks in the series, the serial had 20 episodes, the first being three reels, and the rest two reels each. After the original run, it was reshown in theaters a number of times, sometimes in edited, shortened versions, The Perils of Pauline is known to exist only in a shortened 9-chapter version, released in Europe in 1916. In 2008 The Perils of Pauline was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry, as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.
The premise of the story was that Paulines wealthy guardian Mr. Marvin, upon his death, has left her inheritance in the care of his secretary, Mr. Koerner, until the time of her marriage. Pauline wants to wait a while before marrying, as her dream is to go out and have adventures to prepare herself for becoming an author. Mr. Koerner, hoping to keep the money for himself. William Randolph Hearst was involved in plot development and he was present at the premiere at Loews Broadway Theatre, on 23 March 1914. According to The Truth About Pearl White by Wallace E. Davis, E. A. McManus, head of the Hearst-Vitagraph service organization, was the person who proved how successful a serial could be. George B. Seitz tried to follow the pattern of The Adventures of Kathlyn. After retiring from law enforcement, former FBI Director William J, the Whartons adapted Flynns experiences into a 20-part spy thriller titled The Eagles Eye, starring Baggot. Surviving chapters of Pauline are noteworthy for their unintentionally funny title cards and dialogue captions, filled with misspellings, poor punctuation, terrible grammar and this happened when Pathé, the theatrical distributor, exported the film to France.
The film was recut and adapted for use, and all of the printed captions were translated into French. Later, when the American home-movie industry beckoned, the original English titles had been scrapped and these errors have been blamed on Louis J. Gasnier and supervisor of the production. Gasnier, as explained by Crane Wilbur, made linguistic mistakes that confused the French-speaking crew, in either case, current prints of The Perils of Pauline contain these badly re-translated title cards. Thus, in The Pirates Treasure, Pauline detects a time-bomb and says, in the same episode, she spies one of the quaint locals and observes, Here is an original old man
Hands Up (serial)
Hands Up. is a lost 1918 American adventure film serial directed by Louis J. Gasnier and James W. Horne. A newspaperwoman finds trouble aplenty when an Inca tribe believes her to be the reincarnation of their long-lost princess and this serial was Ruth Rolands breakthrough role. Hands Up. at the Internet Movie Database
Warner Oland was a Swedish-American actor most remembered for playing several characters of Asian descent, the detective Charlie Chan, Dr. Fu Manchu, and Henry Chang in Shanghai Express. He moved to the United States when he was 13 and pursued a career that would include time on Broadway. He starred in a total of 16 Charlie Chan films and he was born Johan Verner Ölund in the village of Nyby, Bjurholm Municipality, Västerbotten County, Sweden. He claimed that his vaguely Asian appearance was due to possessing some Mongolian ancestry, one of his descendants traced the family genealogy back to the Sami, an indigenous people in Scandinavia. Who are believed to have come from Mongolia, when he was thirteen, his family immigrated to the United States. Educated in Boston, he spoke English and his native Swedish, as a young man he pursued a career in theater, at first working on set design while developing his skills as a dramatic actor. In 1906, he was signed to tour the country with the led by actress Alla Nazimova.
The following year he met and married the playwright and portrait painter Edith Gardener Shearn, the woman made an ideal partner for Oland. She mastered Swedish, helping him with the translation of Strindbergs works that they published in book form in 1912. After several years in theater, including appearances on Broadway as Warner Oland, in 1912 he made his silent film debut in Pilgrims Progress, a film based on the John Bunyan novel. It would be three years before he returned to film work with a role in The Romance of Elaine. As a result of his training as a Shakespearean actor and his adoption of a sinister look. He made several films with Pearl White including his first portrayal of an oriental character in her film. Over the next 15 years, he appeared in more than 30 films, including a role in The Jazz Singer. Olands normal appearance fit the Hollywood expectation of caricatured Asianness of the time, Oland portrayed a variety of Asian characters in several movies before being offered the leading role in the 1929 film, The Mysterious Dr.
Fu Manchu. It was the first onscreen portrayal of the Fu Manchu character in film, Oland continued to appear onscreen as an Asian, probably more often than any other white actor in the history of cinema. This was not, strictly speaking, since Oland used no special makeup to change his ethnic appearance, in one of his silent films, Oland played an Asian unsuccessfully impersonating a white man. Oland was the first actor to play a werewolf in a major Hollywood film, biting the protagonist, played by Henry Hull, once again, Olands character was Asian
The Adventures of Ruth
The Adventures of Ruth is a 1919 American film serial directed by George Marshall. It is now considered to be a lost film, as described in a film magazine, Daniel Robin has become mixed up with a band of criminals known as the 13, and is shot when he refuses to do their bidding. His daughter Ruth, brought home from boarding school, reaches his bedside before he expires and he tells her that she will be given thirteen keys. Instructions will be provided with key and, if she follows the instructions. Many adventures follow as Ruth attempts to solve the puzzle of each key, Ruth Roland as Ruth Robin Herbert Heyes as Bob Wright Thomas G. Roland was the producer but it was written by Gilson Willets and directed by George Marshall. The Adventures of Ruth at the Internet Movie Database
The Shielding Shadow
The Shielding Shadow is a 1916 American action film serial directed by Louis J. Gasnier and Donald MacKenzie. The 15 chapter story involves the heroine being protected by a shadow with burning eyes, theres a cloak of invisibility, some hypnotism and a giant octopus added to the mix. As Judexs release was delayed because of World War I, The Shielding Shadow was distributed in the United States before Judex, the Gaumont production, managed to be released in France before The Shielding Shadow. Both films appear to have been inspirations for the American pulp character The Shadow, the Shielding Shadow at the Internet Movie Database