click links in text for more info

The Plow That Broke the Plains

The Plow That Broke the Plains is a 1936 short documentary film which shows what happened to the Great Plains region of the United States and Canada when uncontrolled agricultural farming led to the Dust Bowl. It was directed by Pare Lorentz; the film was narrated by baritone Thomas Hardie Chalmers. In 1999, The Plow That Broke the Plains was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant"; the film was sponsored by the United States government to raise awareness about the New Deal and was intended to cost $6,000 or less. Lorentz faced criticism for appearing to blame westward bound settlers for the ecological crisis by having eroded the soil of the Plains with unrestrained farming, but the film nonetheless succeeded in driving home the message of the severity of the problem caused by the misuse of land. According to Robert L. Snyder's book about Lorentz, the filmmaker's favorite comment about the movie was something he heard an audience member say in the row ahead of him: "They never should have plowed them plains."

Lorentz worked on the film with composer Virgil Thomson, who shared Lorentz's enthusiasm for folk music and incorporated many folk melodies, along with other popular and religious music, into the soundtrack. Virgil Thomson compiled a concert suite from his original score, performed and recorded, its first recording was made on RCA 78s in 1946 by the newly formed Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra under its founder and first conductor, Leopold Stokowski. One of the earliest stereo recordings was made for Vanguard Records in 1961, again with Leopold Stokowski, this time conducting the Symphony of the Air; the original Vanguard LP and its CD reissue included a suite from Thomson's score for another Lorentz documentary, The River. The film exists in at least three versions; the original includes an epilogue detailing the activities of the Resettlement Administration. The most common version today on DVD omits this final chapter. Another contemporary version places the scrolling Prologue text before the opening credits.

The River Farm Security Administration Rain follows the plow MediaThe Plow That Broke the Plains is available for free download at the Internet Archive The Plow that Broke the Plains video at YouTubeOtherReaping the Golden Harvest - University of Virginia The Plow that Broke the Plains - University of Virginia The Plow that Broke the Plains review - American Music Preservation The Plow That Broke the Plains on IMDb

Fox News Radio

Fox News Radio is an American radio network owned by Fox News. It is syndicated to over a hundred AM and FM radio stations across the United States, it supplies programming for two channels on Sirius XM Satellite Radio. In 2003, Fox News began syndicating one-minute radio updates to radio stations via syndication service Westwood One. With the success of the one-minute updates, Fox opted to make a full foray into network radio news services and began hiring a staff of 60 radio professionals. On June 1, 2005, Fox News Radio began providing hourly five-minute newscasts at the beginning of each hour and a one-minute newscast at the half-hour mark. At its launch, 60 stations were signed up for the network. Many more joined under a deal struck between Fox and Clear Channel Communications, the largest owner of radio stations in America; this allowed many Clear Channel stations to carry Fox News Radio newscasts and allowed Fox News Radio to use and nationally distribute news content produced by Clear Channel.

Several of those stations ended decades-long relationships dating back to the Golden Age of Radio with CBS Radio News and ABC News Radio to carry Fox News Radio. Fox produces Fox News Talk, a long-form network with conservative talk programs featuring Fox News personalities; the programs are broadcast on terrestrial radio stations in the United States as well as a dedicated channel on SiriusXM Satellite Radio's digital platform on Channel 450. Channel 450 carries the five minute Fox newscast at the start of each hour and the one minute Fox news update at 30 minutes after each hour. In late 2015, Fox News Radio began offering Fox News Headlines 24/7 to SiriusXM subscribers on Channel 115. It's a live-anchored all news channel with a dedicated editorial staff, providing a panorama of the day's news "from Hollywood to Wall Street to Main Street." News is presented in fifteen-minute blocks. Six anchors each day are assigned to eight-hour air shifts, with one hour on and one hour off over the course of the shift.

Additional features include sports at:05/:35, business at:12/:42 and entertainment news at:28/:58. The station does not suspend its format for breaking news coverage, the role of Fox News Channel; the slogans are "The news you want, the moment you want it" and "It's news, ready when you are". It is a companion channel to the audio simulcasts of the Fox News Channel on SiriusXM 114 and Fox Business on SiriusXM 113; the Fox News Radio Network provides around-the-clock newscasts at the beginning of each hour and at 30 minutes past the hour. Depending on a station's affiliation, it either receives a five-minute newscast at the beginning of each hour or a one-minute newscast which runs at the beginning of the hour or at 30 minutes after the hour. Breaking news reports, business news updates and expert interviews, special broadcasts marking historic or newsworthy events, anchored live coverage and clean feeds of news events complete the affiliate service package. Affiliates have access to a web site with a updating selection of newsmaker audio and correspondent reports.

The five minute audio version of the hourly newscast consists of two minutes of news, one minute of advertisements or Fox promotions and two more minutes of news. In February 2017 the audio version eliminated the commercial break at the two-minute mark, so that the newscast ran for only four minutes; the commercial minute was restored in May 2017. It is available as a podcast; as of 2011 only one MP3 file, the most recent one, is available at any time. The Eastern Time hour number converted to 24-hour time is incorporated into the file name. However, if there has been exceptional news, the file for that hour's podcast will be retained for a few hours; the current hour's file is available within 10 minutes of its broadcast, i.e. by a quarter past the hour. Newscasts are anchored by Dave Anthony, Lisa Brady, Jane Metzler, Joe Chiaro, Lisa Lacerra, Chris Foster, Pam Puso, Rich Denison, Paul Stevens, Jack Callaghan, Kerin McCue, Pat O'Neill, Carmen Roberts, Lilian Woo, Steve Rappoport, Chris DeMo.

Correspondents include Tonya J. Powers in New York City. C.. Foreign correspondents include Simon Kitty Logan in London. Hilarie Barsky and Ginny Kosola are business news reporters. Fox News Radio syndicates the following weekday talk radio programs: The Brian Kilmeade Show Fox News Across America with various hosts The Guy Benson Show In June 2017, Fox News Radio re-organized its talk show line up. After over a decade as "Kilmeade and Friends," the 9 a.m. show was re-branded as "The Brian Kilmeade Show." The noon show, hosted by John Gibson, was turned over to Todd Starnes. Gibson continues his show in syndication via Genesis Communications Network; the 3 p.m. show, hosted by Tom Sullivan, was turned over to Tom Shillue. Sullivan continues on his flagship Sacramento radio stations KFBK and KFBK-FM, affiliates via syndication by Talk Media Network. Alan Colmes, who hosted the 6 p.m to 9 p.m. slot, died unexpectedly on February 23, 2017. On May 7, 2018, a new program Benson & Harf debuted from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m..

Todd Starnes had hosted the 12 p.m. to 3 p.m. shift and

Firth Park (ward)

Firth Park ward—which includes the districts of Firth Park, Parson Cross and parts of Wincobank—is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England located in the northern part of the city and covering an area of 1.66 square miles. The population of this ward in 2011 was 21,141 people in 8,602 households. Firth Park is one of the four-and-a-half wards that make up the current Sheffield Hillsborough and Brightside Parliamentary constituency. Firth Park is a district of Sheffield surrounding the local park named Firth Park, given to the city by Mark Firth in 1875 and was opened by the Prince of Wales, HRH Prince Albert Edward Edward VII. Mark Firth was the pioneer of a number of Sheffield Steelworks including the well-known company of the era'Firth Brown', he was reported as to wanting to create an environment with quality housing and greenery for his workers and their families. The concept has been likened to that of the Bournville project near Birmingham. Located just 1.5 miles from Meadowhall Shopping Centre and the M1 junction 34, 3 miles from the city centre, the area runs from Addison Road in the south of postal district S5 to the top of Bellhouse Road bordering Sheffield Lane Top and Shiregreen.

The main through routes are the B6086 and A6135. Firth Park includes the protected ancient woodland known as Hinde Common Wood, plus a substantial area of parkland along with large Victorian style terraced houses which were built around 1910. Well known landmarks include the clock tower community centre and old library on Firth Park Road, both listed buildings from the early 1900s; the area benefits from being on a major cross city public transport route for the city of Sheffield and has a shopping centre with over 40 independent shops as well as High Street banks and building societies, national supermarket chains, well-known chemists and a variety of healthcare practitioners. In the centre of the Firth Park area is the park of the same name, refurbished between 1998 and 2004 with a major community centre added in the place of the old park keepers house, new trees planted and a refurbished central roundabout themed on the old tram turnaround point from the 1950s. In January 2010, the Firth Park regeneration masterplan has been announced to include the utilisation of the natural water stream which runs through Hinde Common Wood.

The plans are to bring the stream to the surface within the park itself on Firth Park Road, through the centre of the parkland under the road to rejoin the woodland via the old boating lake/duckpond next to the historic clock tower. The scheme is to include new architecture and seating, it is aimed that the scheme will complete around 2012 and add further trees to the attractive and popular woodland area. Significant city council regeneration of private properties in the south of the area in 2005 has helped both the quality of housing and the respective house prices; the area is now one of the more popular residential districts on the North side of the city. Firth Park district has been at the forefront of domestic technology for a number of decades; the early 1960s saw the first UK cable TV trial known as'British Relay' installed across the area and the city of Sheffield. Yorkshire Cable installed cable TV and telephone as early as 1994. British Telecom provide high speed broadband to the district from their nearby exchange.

All major mobile phone operators are served by a transmitter at the centre of the village. The Firth Park Grammar School was a well-known landmark and stood for over 100 years at the north of the area with a well-deserved reputation for quality schooling, it was demolished and replaced by a new community college in 2003 which offers a diverse range of subjects. The Northern General Hospital, which lies on the edge of the ward, is the largest teaching hospital in the county, spreading from Barnsley Road on the west of the village across to Herries Road on a large site, has a number of specialist units of national repute. Off Barnsley Road at the bottom of Idsworth Road stands one of Sheffield's oldest working mans club, The Firth Park Working Man's Club. North of Firth Park is Shiregreen, the first and largest council housing estate in the UK. grid reference SK352912 Longley is a district of the city made up of local authority built houses and is located between the districts of Firth Park and Sheffield Lane Top in the North of the City.

Longley Park adds to beautiful views over part of the city. In the 1960s the park was Sheffield's most popular lido. On warm summer days during the school annual holidays, it was a leisure point for many of North Sheffield’s teenage population. Local business includes the head office of the National Blood transfusion service. Parson Cross is a Council housing estate situated 3.75 miles north of Sheffield City Centre. Most of the housing was built pre-war in 1938 and post-war in 1947, although there was significant continuation during the war, using Italian PoWs who were billeted at Potter Hill Camp, High Green, Lodge Moor Camp. In the mid-1930s, Sheffield Council, the neighbouring Wortley Rural District Council agreed to develop a large area of farmland for domestic habitation; the green belt was bordered to the south by Hillsborough and Wadsley Bridge and to the north by Grenoside and Ecclesfield. The Sheffield-West Riding demarcation line ran through the centre.

Order of battle Defense of the Great Wall

The following units and commanders fought in the Defense of the Great Wall of the Second Sino-Japanese War. List as of 20 March 1933. Military Committee - Chairman Chiang Kai-shek, He Yingqin 1st Army Group - Commander in chief - Yu Xuezhong Chief staff officer Liu Zhonggan 51st Army - Yu Xuezhong 113th Division - Li Zhentang 111th Division - Dong Yingbin 114th Division - Chen Guanqun 118th Division - Du Jiwu 1st Cavalry Division - Zhang Chengde 2nd Army Group - Commander in chief Shang Zhen Chief staff officer - Lu Ji 32nd Army - Shang Zhen 139th Division - Huang Guanghua 84th Division - Gao Guizi 141st Division - Gao Hongwen 142nd Division - Li Xingcun 4th Cavalry Division - Guo Xipeng 57th Army - He Zhuguo 115th Division - Yao Dongfan 109th Division - He Zhuguo 120th Division - Chang Jingwu 3rd Cavalry Division - Wang Jifeng 3rd Army Group - Commander in chief Song Zheyuan Vice-commander in chief - Pang Bingxun Qin Dechun Chief staff officer - Zhang Weifan 29th Army - Song Zheyuan 37th Division - Feng Zhian 38th Division - Zhang Zizhong 2nd Temporary Division - Liu Ruming 40th Army - Pang Bingxun 5th Cavalry Division - Li Fu 115th Brigade - Liu Shirong 116th Brigade - Chen Chunrong 4th Army Group - Commander in chief Wan Fulin Chief staff officer - Wang Jingru 53rd Army - Wan Fulin 108th Division - Yang Zhengzhi 10th Division - Shen Ke 106th Division - Shen gram 116th Division - Miao Chengliu 119th Division - Sun Dequan 129th Division - Wang Yongsheng 130th Division - Zhu Hongxun, Yu Zhaolin 2nd Cavalry Division - Huang Xiansheng 8th Army Group - Commander in chief Yang Jie 17th Army - Xu Tingyao 2nd Division - Huang Jieyan 25th Division - Guan Linzheng 1st Cavalry Brigade - Li Jiading 67th Army - Wang Yizhe 107th Division - Zhang Zhengfang 110th Division - He Lizhong 112th Division - Zhang Tingshu 117th Division - Weng Zhaoyuan 26th Army - Xiaozhi Chu 44th Division Commander Xiaozhi Chu Preparation Regiment 41st Army - Sun Kuiyuan 117th Brigade - Ding Ting 118th Brigade - Liu Yueting Reinforced 1st Brigade - Xing Yuchou 105th Division - Liu Duoquan 6th Cavalry Division - Bai Fengxiang 83rd Division - Liu Kan 5th Army Group - Commander in chief Tang Yulin Remnants of this defeated Army from Jehol had retreated into Chahar to the area of Dushikou and Luanping.

It operated from Guyuan observing eastern border of Jehol. 7th Army Group - Commander in chief Fu Zuoyi 59th Army - Fu Zuoyi 61st Army - Li Fuying 1st Cavalry Army - Zhao Chengshou Also in Rehe there were Feng Zhanhai’s 63rd Army and other Manchurian Anti-Japanese Righteous and Brave Army units of Li Zhongyi, Deng Wen and others. Reinforcements from Chiang Kai-shek to defend Peiking. 87th Division 88th Division 42nd Division - Feng Qinzai The Chinese forces defending the Great Wall consisted of 8 Army Groups composed of 14 Armies, 36 Divisions, 19 brigades, 3 artillery brigades. This force amounted to 250,000 men. 中国抗日战争正面战场作战记 Author: Guo Rugui, editor-in-chief Huang Yuzhang Press: Jiangsu People's Publishing House Date published: 2005-7-1 ISBN 7-214-03034-9 第二部分:从“九一八”事变到西安事变滦东战斗 3 Jehol 1933 Operation Jehol Battles of the Great Wall Operation Nekka Battle of Rehe


Aleurites is a small genus of arborescent flowering plants in the Euphorbiaceae, first described as a genus in 1776. It is native to China, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Queensland, it is reportedly naturalized on various islands as well as scattered locations in Africa, South America, Florida. These monoecious, evergreen trees are semiperennials; these are large trees, 15–40 m tall, with spreading and rising branches. The leaves are alternate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate with minute stipules, they are pubescent on both sides when young, but in a stage they become glabrous. The inflorescence consists of terminal plumes of small, creamy white, bell-shaped, fragrant flowers, branching from the base; the flowers are bisexual, with a solitary pistillate flower at the end of each major axis. The lateral cymes are staminate. There are six imbricate petals; the staminate flowers are longer and thinner than the pistillate flowers, with 17-32 glabrous stamens in four whorls. The pistillate flowers have a superior ovary.

The fruits are rather large drupes with a thin, woody endocarp. They vary according to the numbers of developed locules, they contain poisonous seeds. The oil has been used as a paraffin and lubricant, as a constituent of varnish and soap. Once poisonous substances are removed, it can be used as a cooking oil; some deciduous. The name Aleurites is derived from the Ancient Greek: ἄλευρον meaning "wheaten flour" or "ground meal", because of the appearance of the lower surface of the leaf. Linnaeus assigned the Latin feminine grammatical gender to the genus name Aleurites, as for example in the species name Aleurites moluccana; the current International Code of Nomenclature for algae and plants has standardized all genus names ending in -ites to use the masculine gender, so the correct name of the species Aleurites moluccanus. Accepted speciesThe most widespread species is the candlenut, occurring from tropical Asia and the Pacific, from India to China and Polynesia and New Zealand; some botanists only recognize A. moluccanus and A. rockinghamensis.

Aleurites moluccanus Willd. – Indian walnut, candlenut tree, country walnut, ama - most of genus range Aleurites rockinghamensis P. I. Forst. - Papua New Guinea, Queenslandformerly includedmoved to other genera: Croton, Omphalea, Vernicia Stuppy, W.. C. van Welzen. C. T. Posa. "Revision of the genera Aleurites and Vernicia". Blumea. 44: 73–98. Media related to Aleurites at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aleurites at Wikispecies

Arthur Macnamara

Arthur Macnamara, was a squire of Billington near Leighton Buzzard in Bedfordshire, England. He is known for improving the village of Billington. Macnamara was born in Grosvenor Street in London in 1831, his family was wealthy. On 28 September 1854, Macnamara married Lady Sophia Hare, daughter of the local MP for St Alban's the 2nd, Earl of Listowel; the couple were married in the bride's family estate at Ballyhooly in Ireland. The couple established their home at Caddington Hall. At that time, young Macnamara developed a passion for building, he embarked on the project of re-creating the lost castle of Eaton Bray on some land bequeathed to him by his mother. After building grandiose lodges and clearing and preparing the moated site, he seemed to abandon the idea due to lack of funds. All was not well in his marriage, either. Sophia's father, a Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria, was able to secure his daughter a position as a Lady-in-Waiting to the Queen's daughter, Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll.

In the early 1880s, Macnamara began to acquire land and cottages at Billington and embarked on an ambitious building project inspired by the building of Mentmore by Baron Mayer de Rothschild, only five miles away. At first, he built farm houses in the village, adorning each with the Macnamara cypher'AM'; as Billington became the estate village, Macnamara began to build a manor house, a large, multi-gabled Victorian mansion. The grounds had stable yards and farm houses. At Little Billington, a mile away, a lodge was built for a new principal approach to the house, but as money became exhausted, the drive was never built. A row of cottages existed within sight of the new drive, although as the landlord, Macnamara turned out the elderly occupants and placed them in the workhouse. Macnamara had a reputation for severity, was regarded as someone, cruel to the common people of the village, it was said that when he encountered any of his tenants driving sheep or cattle along the road, he ordered his coachman not to stop or slow down.

If people did not hurry out of his path, they were mowed down. As chairman of the police and the largest land owner in the district, he thought he was above the law; the slightest affront imagined by the squire could lead to the eviction of the perpetrators from their homes. However, Squire Macnamara had one huge fear: he was frightened of thunder. An underground suite of rooms was furnished at Billington Manor, where he would retreat for long periods of time at the slightest threat of thunder. On 11 February 1906, Arthur Macnamara died in the great house, alone except for his housekeeper; the cause of his death was cirrhosis of the liver. After his death, he was found to be bankrupt. Lady Sophia sold the estate in her old age, she lived at Heath and Reach, Leighton Buzzard, where members of the royal family visited her. Arthur Macnamara was buried in the Billington churchyard, with a monumental tombstone surrounded by iron railings. There is a legend that it was a tradition for the spikes on top of the railings to curve outwards to keep the devil out, but on Arthur Macnamara's grave, the spikes were turned in to prevent him from escaping.

Lady Sophia McNamara died in 1912. She chose to be buried in Ireland. Arthur Macnamara's family history, the history of others in the British Macnamara line, was written in 1908 by Robert Twigge, an eminent historian of the time. Martin Breen, has republished R. W. Twigge's 1908 publication on Arthur MacNamara's family,'The Pedigree of John MacNamara, with some Family Reminiscences'