WALL-E is a 2008 American computer-animated science fiction film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures. It was directed and co-written by Andrew Stanton, produced by Jim Morris, co-written by Jim Reardon, it stars the voices of Ben Burtt, Elissa Knight, Jeff Garlin, Fred Willard, John Ratzenberger, Kathy Najimy and Sigourney Weaver, was the overall ninth feature film produced by the company. It follows a solitary trash compactor robot on a future, deserted Earth, left to clean up garbage. However, he is visited by a probe sent by the starship Axiom, whom he falls in love with and pursues across the galaxy. After directing Finding Nemo, Stanton felt Pixar had created believable simulations of underwater physics and was willing to direct a film set in space. WALL-E has minimal dialogue in its early sequences; the film criticizes consumerism, nostalgia, waste management, human environmental impact and concerns and global catastrophic risk. It is Pixar's first animated film with segments featuring live-action characters.
Following Pixar tradition, WALL-E was paired with a short film titled Presto for its theatrical release. WALL-E was released in the United States on June 27, 2008; the film was an instant blockbuster, grossing $533.3 million worldwide over a $180 million budget, winning the 2008 Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film, the 2009 Hugo Award for Best Long Form Dramatic Presentation, the final Nebula Award for Best Script, the Saturn Award for Best Animated Film and the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature with five nominations. It is considered by many fans and critics as the best film of 2008; the film topped Time's list of the "Best Movies of the Decade", in 2016 was voted 29th among 100 films considered the best of the 21st century by 117 film critics from around the world. In the 29th century, rampant consumerism and environmental neglect have turned Earth into a garbage-strewn wasteland. Humanity is nowhere to be found, having been evacuated by the megacorporation Buy-N-Large on giant starliners seven centuries earlier.
Of the robotic trash compactors left by BnL to clean up, only one remains: a Waste Allocation Load-Lifter, or WALL-E. One day, WALL-E's routine is broken by the arrival of an unmanned probe carrying an Extraterrestrial Vegetation Evaluator or EVE, sent to scan the planet for plant life. WALL-E is smitten by the sleek, otherworldly robot, but she goes into standby when he shows her his most recent find: a living seedling; the probe returns to collect EVE and the plant, with WALL-E clinging on, returns to its mothership, the starliner Axiom. In the centuries since the Axiom left Earth, its passengers have degenerated into fat, feeble slobs due to laziness and microgravity, their every whim catered to by machines. Captain McCrea, used to sitting back while his robotic lieutenant AUTO flies the ship, is taken aback by a positive probe response, but learns that placing the plant in the ship's Holo-Detector will trigger a hyperjump back to Earth so humanity can begin recolonization; the plant proves to be missing from EVE's storage compartment though, she blames WALL-E for its disappearance.
With the plant missing, EVE is taken to Diagnostics. WALL-E proceeds to "free" her along with the other faulty robots, causing them to be designated rogue. Frustrated, EVE tries to send WALL-E home on an escape pod, but they are interrupted when AUTO's first mate GO-4 arrives and stows the stolen plant in a pod set to self-destruct. WALL-E saves the plant from being lost forever, he and EVE reconcile, celebrating with a dance in space around the Axiom. EVE brings the plant back to McCrea, who watches EVE's recordings of Earth and concludes that they have to go back. However, AUTO refuses, revealing his own secret no-return directive A113, issued after BnL concluded in 2110 that the planet could not be saved. AUTO mutinies, electrocuting WALL-E and shutting EVE down, throwing them both down the garbage chute before confining the captain to his quarters. EVE automatically helps WALL-E bring the plant to the ship's Holo-Detector. AUTO crushes WALL-E in his attempt to stop the return protocol initializing, but McCrea deactivates him while EVE starts the hyperjump.
Arriving back on Earth, EVE repairs WALL-E, but finds that his memory has been reset and his personality is gone. Heartbroken, EVE gives WALL-E a farewell kiss, which sparks his memory and restores his original personality. WALL-E and EVE reunite as the humans and robots of the Axiom take their first steps on Earth. During the credits and robots are shown learning to farm and build, turning the ravaged planet into a paradise. Ben Burtt as WALL-E, the title character. WALL-E, a robot who has achieved sentience, is the only robot of his kind shown to be still functioning on Earth, he is a small mobile compactor box with all-terrain treads, three-fingered shovel hands, binocular eyes, retractable solar cells for power. Although working diligently to fulfill his directive to clean up the garbage he is distracted by his curiosity, collecting trinkets of interest, he stores and displays these "treasures" such as a birdcage full of rubber ducks, a Rubik's Cube, disposable cups filled with plastic cutlery and a golden trophy at his home where he examines and categorizes his finds while throwing away things like a diamond ring, watching a video cassette of Hello, Dolly!
Via an iPod viewed through a large Fresnel
Salvatore Phillip "Sonny" Bono was an American singer-songwriter, producer and politician who came to fame in partnership with his second wife Cher, as the popular singing duo Sonny & Cher. He was mayor of Palm Springs, California from 1988 to 1992, the Republican congressman for California's 44th district from 1995 until his death in 1998; the United States Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998, which extended the term of copyright by 20 years, was named in honor of Bono when it was passed by Congress nine months after his death. Mary Bono had been one of the original sponsors of the legislation known as the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. Bono was born in Detroit to Zena "Jean" Bono, his mother called him "Sono" as a term of endearment, which evolved over time into "Sonny". Sonny was the youngest of three siblings; the family moved to Inglewood, California when he was seven, his parents divorced soon afterwards. Bono decided early in life to become part of the music business, began writing songs as a teenager.
"Koko Joe", a song he wrote at age 16, was recorded by Don and Dewey in 1958, covered by several other artists including The Righteous Brothers. Bono attended Inglewood High School, but did not graduate, opting to drop out so he could begin to pursue a career as a songwriter and performer, he worked at a variety of jobs while trying to break into the music business, including waiter, truck driver, construction laborer, butcher's helper. Bono began his music career as a songwriter at Specialty Records, where his song "Things You Do to Me" was recorded by Sam Cooke, went on to work for record producer Phil Spector in the early 1960s as a promotion man, percussionist and "gofer". One of his earliest songwriting efforts, "Needles and Pins" was co-written with Jack Nitzsche, another member of Spector's production team. In the same decade, he achieved commercial success with his then-wife Cher in the singing duo Sonny and Cher. Bono wrote and produced a number of hit records including the singles "I Got You Babe" and "The Beat Goes On", although Cher received more attention as a performer.
He played a major part in Cher's solo recording career and producing singles including "Bang Bang" and "You Better Sit Down Kids". Bono co-wrote "She Said Yeah", covered by The Rolling Stones on their 1965 LP December's Children, his lone hit single as a solo artist, "Laugh at Me," was released in 1965 and peaked at No. 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. In live concerts, Bono would introduce the song by saying "I'd like to sing a medley of my hit." His only other single as a solo artist, "The Revolution Kind," reached No. 70 on the Billboard Hot 100 that year. His solo album, Inner Views, was released in 1967. Sonny continued to work with Cher through the early and mid-1970s, starring in a popular television variety show, The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour, which ran on CBS from 1971 to 1974. From 1976 to 1977, the duo, since divorced, returned to perform together on The Cher Show, their last appearance together was on Late Night with David Letterman on November 13, 1987, on which they sang "I Got You Babe".
In 2011, Sonny Bono was inducted into the Michigan Roll Legends Hall of Fame. Bono's acting career included bit parts as a guest performer in such television series as Fantasy Island, Charlie's Angels, The Love Boat, The Six Million Dollar Man and CHiPs. In the 1975 TV movie Murder on Flight 502, he appeared in the 1980 miniseries Top of the Hill. He played the role of mad bomber Joe Selucci in Airplane II: The Sequel and appeared in the horror film Troll, he portrayed racist entrepreneur Franklin Von Tussle in the John Waters film Hairspray. In Men in Black, Bono is one of several oddball celebrities seen on a wall of video screens that monitor extraterrestrials living among us, he appeared as the Mayor of Palm Springs in several episodes of P. S. I Luv U during the 1991–92 TV season, on Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, in which he played Mayor Frank Berkowitz, he made a minor appearance as himself in the comedy film First Kid. Bono guest-starred as himself on The Golden Girls episode "Mrs. George Devereaux", in which he vied with Lyle Waggoner for Dorothy's affection in a dream sequence.
In Blanche's dream, her husband is still alive, Bono uses his power as Mayor of Palm Springs to have Waggoner falsely arrested so he can have Dorothy to himself. Bono entered politics after experiencing great frustration with local government bureaucracy in trying to open a restaurant in Palm Springs, California. Bono placed a successful bid to become the new mayor of Palm Springs, he served four years, from 1988 to 1992. He was instrumental in spearheading the creation of the Palm Springs International Film Festival, held each year in Bono's memory. Bono ran for the Republican nomination for United States Senate in 1992, but the nomination went to the more conservative Bruce Herschensohn, the election to the Democrat Barbara Boxer. Bono and Herschensohn became close friends after the campaign. Bono was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1994 to represent California's 44th congressional district, he was one of twelve co-sponsors of a House bill extending copyright. Although that bill was never voted on in the Senate, a similar Senate bill was passed after his death and named the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act in his memory.
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Smutty Smiff known as Stephen Dennis Smith, is a British musician, one of the founding members of Levi and the Rockats rockabilly punk band, from Los Angeles, United States, discovered by Leee Black Childers, tour manager of David Bowie, Iggy Pop and The Stooges. In 1977, Childers had just finished the Anarchy tour with Sex Pistols, The Clash and the Banshees, Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers. After the tour was over, Levi Dexter met Childers at a rockabilly concert in London. Childers decided to start a fresh project. Dexter and Smutty Smiff decided to form a band together though Smiff had no musical training. One week Childers purchased a double bass for Smiff and a first gig was booked in Max's Kansas City. At about same time, when the band was accepted by local artists and photographers, Smiff became a model and a friend to photographers such as Andy Warhol, Mick Rock, Bob Gruen, Janette Beckman, Robert Mapplethorpe, he did some runway shows for Stephen Sprouse. He did some photo sessions for the German and Italian editions of Vogue.
About his experiences with Warhol and The Factory, Smiff talks in his upcoming book Smutty: The Only Essex Boy In Warhol´s Factory. He released one sold-out book called Kats, Tats and Creepers as well as co-writing two songs for the John Travolta movie, the General's Daughter's soundtrack, appeared in Where the Boys Are, he toured with The Rockats, opening for Tina Turner, The Clash, David Bowie, The Pretenders, Bob Dylan, The Go-Go's, Talking Heads, Joan Jett among others. In 1979, Dexter decided to go solo after a gig at the Whisky a Go Go. Smiff decided at the time to continue with The Rockats with Dibbs Preston as lead singer. After relocating to New York, The Rockats signed with Chris Blackwell and released the album Rockats: Live at the Ritz, with an album cover shot by Mick Rock. Introductions to the album were made by Billy Idol. Following the release of The Rockats' biggest hit Make That Move in 1984, after four months of rehab, Smiff relocated from Arizona to California and formed The Havalinas with Tim Scott McConnell.
Their song "High Hopes" was covered by Bruce Springsteen, who in 2014 named his entire album High Hopes. Smutty Smiff lives in Reykjavík, where he is a radio host in a rock radio station, married to Katrin Rosa Stefansdottir and has two young boys
In popular music, a cover version, cover song, revival, or cover, is a new performance or recording by someone other than the original artist or composer of a recorded, commercially released song. Before the onset of rock'n' roll in the 1950s, songs were published and several records of a song might be brought out by singers of the day, each giving it their individual treatment. Cover versions could be released as an effort to revive the song's popularity among younger generations of listeners after the popularity of the original version has long since declined over the years. On occasion, a cover can become more popular than the original, such as Elvis Presley's version of Carl Perkins' original "Blue Suede Shoes", Santana's 1970 version of Peter Green's and Fleetwood Mac's 1968 "Black Magic Woman", Johnny Cash's version of Nine Inch Nails' "Hurt", Whitney Houston's versions of Dolly Parton's "I Will Always Love You" and of George Benson's "The Greatest Love of All", Glenn Medeiros's version of George Benson's "Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You" or Jimi Hendrix's version of Bob Dylan's "All Along the Watchtower".
The Hendrix recording, released six months after Dylan's original, became a Top 10 single in the UK in 1968 and was ranked 48th in Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Another famous example is the Beatles' cover of "Twist and Shout" by the Top Notes, their cover of the song, "Til There Was You", by Meredith Willson, among many others; the term "cover" goes back decades when cover version described a rival version of a tune recorded to compete with the released version. The Chicago Tribune described the term in 1952: "trade jargon meaning to record a tune that looks like a potential hit on someone else's label". Examples of records covered include Paul Williams' 1949 hit tune "The Hucklebuck" and Hank Williams' 1952 song "Jambalaya". Both had numerous hit versions. Before the mid-20th century, the notion of an original version of a popular tune would have seemed odd – the production of musical entertainment was seen as a live event if it was reproduced at home via a copy of the sheet music, learned by heart or captured on a gramophone record.
In fact, one of the principal objects of publishing sheet music was to have a composition performed by as many artists as possible. In previous generations, some artists made successful careers of presenting revivals or reworkings of once-popular tunes out of doing contemporary cover versions of current hits. Musicians now play what they call "cover versions" of songs as a tribute to the original performer or group. Using familiar material is an important method of learning music styles; until the mid-1960s most albums, or long playing records, contained a large number of evergreens or standards to present a fuller range of the artist's abilities and style. Artists might perform interpretations of a favorite artist's hit tunes for the simple pleasure of playing a familiar song or collection of tunes. A cover band plays such "cover versions" exclusively. Today three broad types of entertainers depend on cover versions for their principal repertoire: Tribute acts or bands are performers who make a living by recreating the music of one particular artist or band.
Bands such as Björn Again, Led Zepagain, The Fab Four, Australian Pink Floyd Show, The Iron Maidens and Glory Days are dedicated to playing the music of ABBA, Led Zeppelin, The Beatles, Pink Floyd, Iron Maiden and Bruce Springsteen respectively. Some tribute acts salute the Who, many other classic rock acts. Many tribute acts target artists who remain popular but no longer perform, allowing an audience to experience the "next best thing" to the original act; the formation of tribute acts is proportional to the enduring popularity of the original act. Many tribute bands attempt to recreate another band's music as faithfully as possible, but some such bands introduce a twist. Dread Zeppelin performs reggae versions of the Zeppelin catalog and Beatallica creates heavy metal fusions of songs by the Beatles and Metallica. There are situations in which a member of a tribute band will go on to greater success, sometimes with the original act they tribute. One notable example is Tim "Ripper" Owens who, once the lead singer of Judas Priest tribute band British Steel, went on to join Judas Priest himself.
Cover acts or bands are entertainers who perform a broad variety of crowd-pleasing cover songs for audiences who enjoy the familiarity of hit songs. Such bands draw from current Top 40 hits and/or those of previous decades to provide nostalgic entertainment in bars, on cruise ships and at such events as weddings, family celebrations and corporate functions. Since the advent of inexpensive computers, some cover bands use a computerized catalog of songs, so that the singer can have the lyrics to a song displayed on a computer screen; the use of a screen for lyrics as a memory aid can increase the number of songs a singer can perform. Revivalist artists or bands are performers who are inspired by an entire genre of music and dedicate themselves to curating and recreating the genre and introducing it to younger audiences who have not experienced that music first hand. Unlike tribute bands and cover bands who rely on audiences seeking a nostalgic experience, revivalist bands seek new young audiences for whom the music is fresh and has no nostalgic value.
For example, Sha Na Na
The lead vocalist in popular music is the member of a group or band whose voice is the most prominent in a performance where multiple voices may be heard. The lead singer either sets against the ensemble as the dominant sound. In vocal group performances, notably in soul and gospel music, early rock and roll, the lead singer takes the main vocal part, with a chorus provided by other band members as backing vocalists. In rock music, the lead singer or solo singer is the front man or front woman, who may play one or more instruments and is seen as the leader or spokesman of the band by the public; as an example in rock music, Freddie Mercury was the lead singer of Queen. In soul music, Smokey Robinson was the lead singer of The Miracles, it is uncertain when the term "lead vocals" was first used, but it may have emerged in the late 1930s, when rich vocal interplay with multiple voices where one or more voices may dominate began to impact on North American popular music, dominated by solo vocals.
The practice of using a lead singer in vocal groups, has a longer history: an early form is the "call and response" found in work songs and spirituals sung by African-American slaves. Songs of the late nineteenth century used a leading solo voice, followed by a choral response by other singers; as the style developed through early commercial recordings and performances in the early 20th century, the role of the lead vocalist became more established, although popular groups of the 1930s and 1940s such as the Ink Spots and the Mills Brothers used different lead singers on different songs rather than keeping the same lead singer throughout. By the 1950s, singers such as Sam Cooke and Clyde McPhatter took on more defined roles as lead singers, by the end of the decade credited group names changed to reflect the leading roles of the main vocalists, with examples such as Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers and Dion & the Belmonts. Academic David Horn has written:The influence of US rhythm and blues recordings may well be a crucial one in the assimilation of the format of lead singer plus backing group into the guitar-based British'beat' groups of the 1960s, in US groups such as The Beach Boys.
From these various points - including Motown - it went on to become a standard device in much rock and pop music. In some bands - most famously, The Beatles - the role of lead singer alternated, while in others - for example, Herman's Hermits - one lead singer dominated. There are as many styles of lead singer as there are styles and genres of music. However, the lead singer of a group or band is the main focus of audiences' attention; the lead vocalist of band is sometimes called the "front man" or "front woman," as the most visible performer in a group. While most bands have a singular lead singer, many others have dual lead singers, or other member of the band that sing lead on particular songs. While the lead singer defines the group's image and personality to the general public, this is not always the case. In modern rock music, the lead singer is but not always the band's leader and spokesperson. While lead singers or spokespersons for any musical ensembles can be called a front man, the term is used widely in rock music.
Since the position has an expanded role from simple lead vocalists, there have been cases in which the front man for a band is someone other than the lead vocalist. For example, while the lead vocalist for the band Fall Out Boy is guitarist Patrick Stump, the bassist and lyricist, Pete Wentz, is called the front man, both in the media and by the band members themselves, since he represents the band in most interviews and contributes most to the band's image in the popular media. Another example is Angus Young of AC/DC, the band's lead guitarist, co-leader with his brother Malcolm Young. In many bands, such as The Who, Led Zeppelin, Living Colour, The Stone Roses and Oasis, the lead guitarist may share spokesman responsibilities with the lead singer; this is derived from that guitarist's specific role as a co-songwriter, co-founder and/or co-vocalist. In some cases, there are two frontmen, such as Alice in Chains, with singer Layne Staley sharing vocal duties with guitarist Jerry Cantrell, or Underoath, with singers Spencer Chamberlain and Aaron Gillespie sharing vocal duties.
Another example is Blink-182, in which vocal duties are split between bassist Mark Hoppus and guitarist Tom DeLonge. Hoppus carries out most media either by himself or together with DeLonge, while the band's other member, drummer Travis Barker remains quiet. Linkin Park had two vocalists as well, Mike Shinoda and Chester Bennington, both considered as frontmen. Another example is the thrash metal band Metallica, in which James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich share the spokesperson duties for being both founders and the only members who have never left the band. List of lead vocalists
Steve Mackey is an English musician and record producer best known as the bass guitarist for the alternative rock band Pulp, which he joined in 1989. As a record producer, he has produced songs and albums by M. I. A. Florence + The Long Blondes and Arcade Fire. Mackey was born in South Yorkshire. In his early years he attended Middle Schools with friend Richard Hawley, they would play together as members of Pulp. He schooled at Hinde House Comprehensive in Sheffield before undertaking further studies at Richmond College of Further Education. Before joining Pulp, he played bass for another Sheffield band called Trolley Dog Shag, who were featured alongside Pulp on a Dolebusters compilation album in 1987, he moved to London in 1988 to pursue an interest in film-making and graduated from London's Royal College of Art, in 1992, MA Film. Joining Pulp in 1989, he played on Separations, released on Fire Records, he continued to write and tour with the band as they found success in the 1990s. Subsequent albums recorded included Intro – The Gift Recordings, His'n' Hers, Different Class, This Is Hardcore and We Love Life.
After an 8-year hiatus Mackey returned to activity with Pulp in 2010 and their subsequent world tours in 2011 and 2012 and the release of their single "After You", working with producer James Murphy of LCD Soundsystem. Forming a songwriting/production partnership with Ross Orton, he met Maya Arulpragasam and co-wrote and produced "Galang" and "Sunshowers" which led to MIA securing a deal with Interscope Records and releasing "Arular", they worked together again on "Bird Flu" from her subsequent album Kala. Mackey and Orton continued to produce and remix for artists including Kelis, The Kills and The Horrors. Mackey produced and co-wrote songs for Florence and the Machine's debut album "Lungs", including "Kiss With a Fist", "Girl With One Eye" and " Swimming" and The Long Blondes debut album Someone to Drive you Home. During this period he continued to record and tour with Jarvis Cocker, in 2006 for his debut solo album for Rough Trade Records and again in 2008 recording the album Further Complications at Electrical Studios, Chicago with Steve Albini.
In 2011 Mackey produced Summer Camp's "Welcome to Condale" album and in 2012 he again worked as producer for Palma Violets debut album on Rough Trade Records, "180", released in February 2013. In 2012 he was produced "Railroad Track" by Willy Moon released on Jack White's Third Man Records. In 2014 he recorded and mixed for Dean Blunts "Black Metal" album and in 2015 began working with Yak, recording their single "No" released on Third Man, he mixed Danny Goffey of Supergrass "Take Your Jacket Off and Get into It " LP. Yaks "Alas Salvation " LP was recorded with him during the rest of 2015 and released in early 2016 In 2017 he was awarded an Ivor Novello Award along with the other members of Pulp for Outstanding Song Collection presented by Peter Saville, graphic designer of record sleeves for Joy Division, New Order and Pulp Mackey has worked with John Gosling as a music director and sound designer creating mixes and original compositions for films and other commercial projects including the Museum of Modern Art New York, the Louvre Paris, the Minsheng Art Museum Shanghai In 2005 Mackey played a cameo role as one of The Weird Sisters, rock band in the film of Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire.
The fictitious group featured Jonny Greenwood and Phil Selway of Radiohead and Pulp frontman Jarvis Cocker. In 2006, Mackey and Cocker curated an acclaimed 2 CD Compilation called The Trip featuring music from various eras including Moondog, Carl Orff, The Birthday Party, The Fall and the theme to Radio 4's Shipping Forecast. From 2003 to 2008 Mackey co-curated the music program of London's annual Frieze International Art Fair which included performances from Karlheinz Stockhausen, Sunn O))), Glenn Branca, Rodney Graham. In 2012 he played with drummer Seb Rochford as rhythm section for tracks on Serafina Steers "The Moths are Real" LP. In 2016 he began the Call This Number guerrilla TV project with Jeannette Lee of Public Image Ltd. and Douglas Hart, former bassist of the Jesus and Mary Chain making erratic film broadcasts from a North London garage. Artists he recorded for this included Jon Spencer Blues Explosion, Dennis Bovell, Sleaford Mods, Primal Scream, Gruff Rhys. In 2009, Mackey married his longtime girlfriend and fashion journalist, Katie Grand.
He lives in North London with his wife, son, Marley. He's friends with the Beedster. Separations His'n' Hers Different Class This Is Hardcore We Love Life Intro – The Gift Recordings – non-album singles compilation Countdown 1992-1983 – compilation of tracks from the Fire/Red Rhino era No. 10 UK Pulp Goes to the Disco Freshly Squeezed... the Early Years – North-American release Primal: The Best of the Fire Years 1983-1992 Pulped 1983-1992 – four-CD box set, featuring the first three albums, plus Masters of the Universe Hits – official greatest hits compilation No. 71 UK The Peel Sessions – compilation of all the Peel sessions from Pulp Steve Mackey has made appearances on the following albums as a musician: Various Artists – See You Later Agitator Trolley Dog Shag,: " The Business Boys" z1987Marianne Faithfull – Kissin' Time Track: "Sliding through Life on Charm"Various Artists – The Last Great Wilderness Soundtrack With band The Nu Forest, track: "I Picked a Flower" Various Artists – Harry Potter and the Goblet
Gene Francis Alan Pitney was an American singer-songwriter and sound engineer. Pitney charted 16 Top 40 hits in the United States, four in the Top 10. In the United Kingdom he had 22 Top 40 hits, 11 singles in the Top Ten, he wrote the early 1960s hits "Rubber Ball" recorded by Bobby Vee, "He's a Rebel" by the Crystals, "Hello Mary Lou" by Ricky Nelson. In 2002, he was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. Pitney was born in Hartford, United States; the third of five children of a lathe operator, Pitney lived with his family in Rockville, Connecticut during his formative years. He grew up in Rockville, now part of Connecticut. Pitney’s early influences were Clyde McPhatter, country-blues singer Moon Mullican, doo-wop groups like the Crows, he attended Rockville High School where he formed Gene & the Genials. Pitney sang with a group called the Embers, he made records as part of a duo called Jamie and Jane with Ginny Arnell, in 1959 recorded a single as Billy Bryan. Signed to songwriter Aaron Schroeder's newly formed Musicor label in 1961, Pitney scored his first chart single, which made the Top 40, the self-penned " Love My Life Away," on which he played several instruments and multi-tracked the vocals.
He followed that same year with his first Top 20 single, the title song from the 1961 Kirk Douglas United Artists film Town Without Pity. Written by Dimitri Tiomkin and Ned Washington, the song won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song, but lost the award to "Moon River". Pitney performed the song at the Oscars ceremony on April 9, 1962. Pitney is remembered for the Burt Bacharach–Hal David song " Liberty Valance", which peaked at No. 4 in 1962. Though it shares a title with the John Wayne western, the song was not used in the film because of a publishing dispute; that same year "Only Love Can Break a Heart" became his highest charting song in the US at No. 2, followed in December by "Half Heaven, Half Heartache", which reached No. 12 on the Billboard chart. Because of his success on the music charts, as Pitney explained to his friend Oldies DJ “Wild” Wayne, an unknown radio disc jockey at the time dubbed him with the nickname “The Rockville Rocket,” which caught on.
Meanwhile, Pitney wrote hits for others, including "He's a Rebel" for the Crystals, "Today's Teardrops" for Roy Orbison, "Rubber Ball" for Bobby Vee, "Hello Mary Lou" for Ricky Nelson. The Crystals' version of "He's A Rebel" kept Pitney's own No. 2 hit "Only Love Can Break a Heart," his highest-charting single in the U. S. from the top spot, the only time that a writer shut himself out of #1. His popularity in the UK market was ensured by the breakthrough success of "Twenty Four Hours from Tulsa," a Bacharach and David song, which peaked at No. 5 in Britain at the start of 1964. It was only Pitney's third single release in the UK to reach the singles chart, the first to break into the Top Twenty there. S, peaking at No. 17 on the Hot 100. Pitney was present with Phil Spector at some of the Rolling Stones' early recording sessions in London, including "Little by Little" and other tracks for their debut album; the Jagger/Richards song "That Girl Belongs to Yesterday" was a No. 7 UK hit for Pitney in 1964.
In the U. S. the single stalled at No. 49, ending a run of seven Top 40 singles for Pitney as a performer. After another low-charting single, 1964's "Yesterday's Hero", Pitney rebounded with another string of hits in the mid-1960s, including the 1964 singles "It Hurts to Be in Love" and "I'm Gonna Be Strong", which reached No. 7 and No. 9 in the U. S. and 1966's "Nobody Needs Your Love", which peaked at No. 2 in the UK, matching the No. 2 UK peak of "I'm Gonna Be Strong". "It Hurts to Be in Love" had been planned for and recorded by Neil Sedaka, but RCA refused to release it because Sedaka had recorded the song outside RCA Victor in violation of his contract. The writers, Howard Greenfield and Helen Miller, presented the song to Pitney. Miller replaced Sedaka's voice with Pitney's, though Sedaka's trademark backing harmonies were left intact. In 1965, Pitney recorded two successful albums with country singer George Jones, they were voted the most promising country-and-western duo of the year. Pitney recorded songs in Italian and German, twice finished second in Italy's annual Sanremo Music Festival, where his strong vibrato reminded older listeners of the Italian tenor Enrico Caruso.
He had a regional hit with "Nessuno mi può giudicare". Pitney's career in the U. S. took a downturn after mid-1966. He returned one last time to the Top 40 with "She's a Heartbreaker" in mid-1968 and placed several singles in the lower reaches of the Hot 100 after that, but by 1970 he was no longer a hit-maker in the U. S. Pitney maintained a successful career in Britain and the rest of Europe into the 1970s, appearing on UK charts as late as 1974. In Australia, after a fallow period in the early 1970s, Pitney returned to Top 40 in 1974, as both Blue Angel and Trans-Canada Highway were substantial hits. Pitney continued to place records in the Australian charts through 1976, including the hit "Down This Road," written and produced by distant relation Edward Pitney, they collaborated in the production of the hit song "Days of Summer." In the early 1970s, Pitney decided to spend only six months each year on the road. Pitney's last hit o