Arch Rivals is a basketball arcade game released by Midway in 1989. Billed by Midway as "A Basket Brawl", the game features two-on-two full court basketball games in which players are encouraged to punch opposing players and steal the ball from them. Arch Rivals allows players to select from a variety of fictional players. One playable character, "Tyrone" was featured in the animated Power Team segments of the television series Video Power. Home versions of the game were released for the Nintendo Entertainment System, the Sega Genesis/Mega Drive as well as the Game Gear. Emulated versions of the game were included in the compilations Midway Arcade Treasures 2, Midway Arcade Treasures Deluxe Edition, Midway Arcade Origins; the game has been considered a forerunner to NBA Jam. Games follow standard basketball rules; each team has two players, the objective of the game is to outscore the opponent until the final buzzer sounds. A player can call for his teammate to shoot it in this battle royale. If the game results in a tie after four quarters, multiple sudden death overtime periods are added, in which case whoever scores the next basket will win the game.
Every overtime period is one minute. If, however, no score occurs after overtime the procedure repeats; the difference between Arch Rivals and other basketball titles is the ability to punch an opposing player without penalty and steal the ball away. The referee will only call shot clock violations. Unique to the game are various on-court hazards such as soda cans and candy wrappers thrown onto the floor. If a ballhandler steps on those, he falls onto the floor allowing his opponent to steal the ball from him. Players could fall over the referee in the same way as the objects on the floor, as well as steal the ball with a maneuver called the "flying leap" where the player would jump forwards at the opposition ball carrier. If the maneuver missed, the player would roll along the floor. If successful, the player would tackle the opposition holding the ball. In the Arcade version the "flying leap" would pull the opposition's shorts down, revealing the opponent's underwear. On home ports of the game, these graphics were left out.
There are each with a unique characteristic. They are: Blade: A crowd pleaser Hammer: Rebound king Lewis: Top shooter Mohawk: Tough & mean Moose: A real champ Reggie: All-American Tyrone: Defensive giant Vinnie: A great player The teams in Arch Rivals are selected at random, with Player 1 playing as the home team and Player 2 as the away team; the teams in the arcade version are Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Natural High and Brawl State. The game could be set up to reflect the names and colors of local teams through the custom "Hometown Heroes" feature. Whenever a basket is scored, there are many random scenes. One scene has the coach yelling at his players, another features players from the other team groaning in disgust, two scenes have cheerleaders shouting: "Go team go!" or "Yay team!" Sometimes, the backboard can be shattered with a rim-rattling slam dunk. This effect was carried over to the much better-known NBA Jam; the TV studio depicted in the game is that of the fictional WIDB-TV. It is shown after the end of each period and at halftime.
In addition, after the first and third quarters plus overtime, a "Coaches Corner" screen appears, providing tips on how to become a better player. The cheer-leading squad performs the halftime show; the final stats are shown at the end of the game, showing how many points the human-controlled player scored, the number of steals and rebounds, shooting percentage. The four home ports of the game have lower-quality graphics than the arcade version, due to being released on 8 and 16-bit systems; the NES version of the game contains a glitch. The Sega Genesis version received poorer reception due to a glitch where 95% of shots taken from anywhere on the court would result in a basket, it was included on Midway Arcade Treasures 2 for the PlayStation 2, Xbox and GameCube, Midway Arcade Treasures Deluxe Edition for the PC, Midway Arcade Origins for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. Sinclair User and Computer and Video Games published positive reviews of Arch Rivals, while commenting that the game was best suited to fans of the sport.
Basketbrawl Pigskin 621 A. D. Arch Rivals at Arcade-History Arch Rivals at MobyGames
Bigfoot is a monster truck. The original Bigfoot began as a 1974 Ford F-250 pickup, modified by its owner Bob Chandler beginning in 1975. By 1979, the modifications were so extensive, the truck came to be regarded as the first monster truck. Other trucks with the name "Bigfoot" have been introduced in the years since, it remains a well-known monster truck moniker in the United States. A former construction worker and off-roading enthusiast from the St. Louis area, Chandler began racing in 1975, using the Chandler family's 1974 F-250 four-wheel drive and found that automotive shops in the Midwest did not carry the parts needed to repair his frequently-wrecked 4×4. To remedy this problem and his wife Marilyn, along with friend Jim Kramer, opened a shop called Midwest Four Wheel Drive and Performance Center in Ferguson, Missouri; the shop moved to Hazelwood, Missouri, in 1984, which remained as Bigfoot's headquarters until 2015 when the headquarters was relocated to Pacific, Missouri. In 1979, Chandler replaced the under assembly of the truck with one from a military-surplus top loader featuring four-wheel drive and four-wheel steering that used 48-inch tires.
This modification drew attention and Chandler started making appearances at tractor pulls and car shows with his newly christened "Bigfoot" to show off the truck's capabilities as well as to promote his shop. The truck's growing popularity led to its appearance in the 1981 Gus Trikonis film Take This Job and Shove It. Chandler's next experiment would prove revolutionary. In 1981, Chandler placed two dilapidated cars in a field, so that Chandler could videotape himself crushing the cars with Bigfoot as a joke; when Chandler began playing the video in his shop, a man promoting a motorsports event in Columbia, asked him to duplicate the stunt in front of a crowd. After initial hesitation because of the destructive image it would convey, Chandler agreed to perform at the event in April of the following year in what is believed to be the first public car crush; that year, a second Bigfoot, built to help meet the rising demand to see the vehicle and sporting 66-inch tall tires, received more major media attention by crushing cars at the Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan.
In 1983, Bigfoot began receiving sponsorship from Ford Motor Company, a relationship which continued until 2005. By 1984, many truck owners around the country had taken to imitating Chandler's template of outfitting their vehicles with tires standing 66 inches tall, with some trucks sporting larger tires. Promoters of truck and tractor pulls, such as SRO Motorsports and Golden State Promotions, noticed the exploding popularity of the giant trucks and began booking several to crush cars at their events, with the eventual result being the advent of side-by-side, drag-racing style car crushing events. A popular example of the early days of monster truck racing is portrayed in the 1986 home video release Return of the Monster Trucks, which involves a truck pull, car crushing, mud bogging all in the same course; that event, held in the Louisiana Superdome, was won by Bigfoot, as well as most of the events it was entered into in the mid-1980s. By this point, Chandler had built an entire fleet of "Bigfoot" trucks to accommodate the vast demand for his vehicle, which remained as the most popular and marketable monster truck despite the large number of imitators.
In 1987, Chandler added to his innovations by founding the Monster Truck Racing Association, which remains today as the chief voice in monster truck safety. Another form of competition Chandler faced was the physical size of the competition. Many truck owners had taken to calling their vehicles the "world's largest monster truck", so Chandler outfitted his "Bigfoot 4" vehicle with 10-foot-tall tires he had purchased from a junkyard owner in Seattle, for $1000; the tires had been used by the US Army in Alaska on their overland train in the 1950s. In 1986, Chandler built a new truck, "Bigfoot 5" for the tires. Upon its public debut in Indianapolis, the truck took the title of the "world's tallest and heaviest monster truck" and was given official recognition of the title by the Guinness Book of Records in 2002. With a second set of 10-foot-tall tires attached, the truck stands 15 feet, six inches high, measures 20 feet, 5 inches across, weighs over 38,000 pounds; the fledgling all-sports television network ESPN took note of the popularity of monster trucks in the 1980s and began showing events promoted by the United States Hot Rod Association and TNT Motorsports on a regular basis.
With the frequent broadcasts of monster truck races, the next logical step was to create a championship series of monster truck races. TNT began the first recognized series in 1988, was dominated by Bigfoot for much of the season. However, upstart rookie Rod Litzau, driving the USA-1 truck, gained momentum and passed Bigfoot in the standings going into the last weekend of the season in Louisville, Kentucky. With the way the points system and elimination brackets had been structured, Bigfoot and USA-1 met in the semifinal round with USA-1 clinching the points championship if it beat Bigfoot. USA-1 won the race in spectacular fashion, rolling over in the process, took the championship. After losing the championship, the Bigfoot team made the decision to shift their focus less on competition and more on research and development in 1989, as well as running frequent events for the USHRA and USA Motorsports and a limited TNT Schedule. During
Michael Jeffrey Jordan known by his initials, MJ, is an American former professional basketball player, the principal owner and chairman of the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association. He played 15 seasons in the NBA for the Chicago Bulls and Washington Wizards, his biography on the official NBA website states: "By acclamation, Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time." He was one of the most marketed athletes of his generation and was considered instrumental in popularizing the NBA around the world in the 1980s and 1990s. Jordan played three seasons for coach Dean Smith at the University of North Carolina; as a freshman, he was a member of the Tar Heels' national championship team in 1982. Jordan joined the Bulls in 1984 as the third overall draft pick, he emerged as a league star and entertained crowds with his prolific scoring. His leaping ability, demonstrated by performing slam dunks from the free throw line in Slam Dunk Contests, earned him the nicknames Air Jordan and His Airness.
He gained a reputation for being one of the best defensive players in basketball. In 1991, he won his first NBA championship with the Bulls, followed that achievement with titles in 1992 and 1993, securing a "three-peat". Although Jordan abruptly retired from basketball before the beginning of the 1993–94 NBA season, started a new career in Minor League Baseball, he returned to the Bulls in March 1995 and led them to three additional championships in 1996, 1997, 1998, as well as a then-record 72 regular-season wins in the 1995–96 NBA season. Jordan retired for a second time in January 1999, but returned for two more NBA seasons from 2001 to 2003 as a member of the Wizards. Jordan's individual accolades and accomplishments include six NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Awards, ten scoring titles, five MVP Awards, ten All-NBA First Team designations, nine All-Defensive First Team honors, fourteen NBA All-Star Game selections, three All-Star Game MVP Awards, three steals titles, the 1988 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award.
He holds the NBA records for highest career regular season scoring average and highest career playoff scoring average. In 1999, he was named the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN, was second to Babe Ruth on the Associated Press' list of athletes of the century. Jordan is a two-time inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, having been enshrined in 2009 for his individual career, again in 2010 as part of the group induction of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, he became a member of the FIBA Hall of Fame in 2015. Jordan is known for his product endorsements, he fueled the success of Nike's Air Jordan sneakers, which were introduced in 1984 and remain popular today. Jordan starred as himself in the 1996 film Space Jam. In 2006, he became part-owner and head of basketball operations for the Charlotte Bobcats, bought a controlling interest in 2010. In 2014, Jordan became the first billionaire player in NBA history, he is the third-richest African-American, behind Robert F. Oprah Winfrey.
Jordan was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Deloris, who worked in banking, James R. Jordan Sr. an equipment supervisor. His family moved to Wilmington, North Carolina. Jordan is the fourth of five children, he has two older brothers, Larry Jordan and James R. Jordan, Jr. one older sister and one younger sister, Roslyn. Jordan's brother James retired in 2006 as the Command Sergeant Major of the 35th Signal Brigade of the XVIII Airborne Corps in the U. S. Army. Jordan attended Emsley A. Laney High School in Wilmington, where he highlighted his athletic career by playing basketball and football, he tried out for the varsity basketball team during his sophomore year, but at 5'11", he was deemed too short to play at that level. His taller friend, Harvest Leroy Smith, was the only sophomore to make the team. Motivated to prove his worth, Jordan became the star of Laney's junior varsity team, tallied several 40-point games; the following summer, he trained rigorously. Upon earning a spot on the varsity roster, Jordan averaged more than 25 points per game over his final two seasons of high school play.
As a senior, he was selected to play in the 1981 McDonald's All-American Game and scored 30 points, after averaging 27 points, 12 rebounds and 6 assists per game for the season. Jordan was recruited by numerous college basketball programs, including Duke, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. In 1981, Jordan accepted a basketball scholarship to North Carolina, where he majored in cultural geography; as a freshman in coach Dean Smith's team-oriented system, he was named ACC Freshman of the Year after he averaged 13.4 ppg on 53.4% shooting. He made the game-winning jump shot in the 1982 NCAA Championship game against Georgetown, led by future NBA rival Patrick Ewing. Jordan described this shot as the major turning point in his basketball career. During his three seasons at North Carolina, he averaged 17.7 ppg on 54.0% shooting, added 5.0 rpg. He was selected by consensus to the NCAA All-American First Team in both his sophomore and junior seasons. After winning the Naismith and the Wooden College Player of the Year awards in 1984, Jordan left North Carolina one year before his scheduled graduation to enter the 1984 NBA draft.
The Chicago Bulls selected Jordan after Hakeem Olajuwon and Sam Bowie. One of the primary reasons why Jordan was not drafted
Wizards & Warriors
Wizards & Warriors is a platforming video game developed by Rare for the Nintendo Entertainment System. It was published by Acclaim and released in North America in December 1987, in Europe on January 7, 1990, it was released in Japan by Jaleco on July 15, 1988, under the title Densetsu no Kishi Elrond. In the game, the player controls Kuros, "Knight Warrior of the Books of Excalibur", as he sets out in the Kingdom of Elrond to defeat the evil wizard Malkil. Malkil holds the princess of Elrond captive in Castle IronSpire, deep within the forests of Elrond; the player fights through forests and caves, while collecting keys, treasure and magic items. Wizards & Warriors was the second game Rare released after the skiing simulator Slalom. In the months surrounding its North American and European releases, Wizards & Warriors was featured in a number of video game magazines, including Nintendo Fun Club News, Nintendo Power, VideoGames & Computer Entertainment; the game was praised for its graphics, sound and arcade-style gameplay.
In 2010, Retro Gamer called Wizards & Warriors "a unique experience for NES gamers in 1987", "technically well ahead of other games for the console at the time", but attributed the game's low difficulty to allowing unlimited continues without penalty. Wizards & Warriors was followed by three sequels: Ironsword: Wizards & Warriors II, Wizards & Warriors III: Kuros: Visions of Power, Wizards & Warriors X: The Fortress of Fear. Wizards & Warriors is a platformer in which players control Kuros as he makes his way through the forests of Elrond to Castle IronSpire, where he must defeat Malkil and rescue the princess. After starting the game, the map is shown for players to look at. Starting in the Elrond forest, players must explore the trees – both on top and inside – to find items and to make it into the caves and tunnels. There, players start collecting the various magical items and treasure. Afterwards, players fight through a second set of forests before arriving at Castle IronSpire, in which the player must go over the castle in order to enter it.
The castle consists of a series of mazes in which players must use keys to open doors and find other damsels who can be rescued. At the end lies the final confrontation with the wizard Malkil. Players use the control pad to crouch. Kuros can attack enemies with other weapons and magic, he can attack enemies while in the air or while standing by holding the sword in position. The objective of the game is to collect the various weapons and magic as well as the gems and treasure along the way. Players collect gems. At the end of each level is a boss creature, empowered by Malkil's black magic. Bosses have an "Enemy's Black Magic Power" meter that shows how difficult the boss is, how many hits are required to defeat it, what type of weaponry needs to be used. Kuros has a life meter that decreases when he sustains damage from enemies. Players loses a life when Kuros' life meter runs out, but upon restarting they keep all the items they have obtained up to that point; the game ends when all three lives have been lost, but players have the choice to continue and restart at the level in which they lost their last life.
Along the way, players can replenish Kuros' life meter by collecting pieces of meat scattered throughout the levels. Along the way, players pick up many items. Acorns and treasure chests contain objects for players to collect. Chests require a key of that matching color to open the chest; some weapons and magic items are replaced once the player collects a new item, but others remain throughout the course of the game. Items include the following: "Boots of Force" that can kick open doors. Other valuable treasures increase the player's score and include coins, orbs and entire hoards of treasure. Rescuing the damsels in the levels increase the player's score. Wizards & Warriors pits the story's hero Kuros, the "Knight Warrior of the Books of Excalibur", against the main antagonist, the evil wizard Malkil, he was considered one of the greatest wizards in the land, such that Merlin was one of his students. However, the agi
John Novak is a Venezuelan-born Canadian actor and anime voice actor who does voice work for the Ocean Group based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He was born in Venezuela to Canadian parents, he has starred in the Wishmaster sequels Wishmaster 3: Beyond the Gates of Hell, Wishmaster: The Prophecy Fulfilled, replacing Andrew Divoff as The Djinn. He appeared in Street Justice, twice in the TV series Sliders as a shyster lawyer, Ross J. Kelly, 3 times in Highlander: The Series, he most starred as the Sheriff in Bloodrayne 2: Deliverance. Novak is best known, in Canada at least, from Kokanee beer commercials, as he plays the Park Ranger, trying to prevent the Kokanee Sasquatch from stealing the beer. Ayakashi: Samurai Horror Tales - Lord Yoshiaki Death Note - Zellogi, Steve Mason Doctor Who - Salinger Fantastic Four: World's Greatest Heroes - Supreme Intelligence Adieu Galaxy Express 999 - Faust InuYasha - Ungai Key the Metal Idol - Jinsaku Ajo Kingdom series - Wang Qi Level Up - Maldark Mobile Suit Gundam SEED - Uzumi Nara Athha Ninjago: Masters of Spinjitzu - Skalidor, Fangdam Santa Barbara - Keith Timmons Sliders - Ross J. Kelly Smallville - Jed McNally / Gary Bergen Stargate SG-1 - Colonel William Ronson Supernatural - Zeus [) The Little Prince - Marine The Story of Saiunkoku - Advisor Yosei Sho, General Haku, High Government Official 2, Raien Haku, Visitor X-Men: Evolution - Bolivar Trask John Novak on IMDb John Novak at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
Narc (video game)
Narc is a 1988 run and gun arcade game designed by Eugene Jarvis for Williams Electronics and programmed by George Petro. It was one of the first ultra-violent video games and a frequent target of parental criticism of the arcade game industry; the object is to arrest and kill drug offenders, confiscate their money and drugs, defeat "Mr. Big", it was the first game in the newly restarted Williams Electronics coin-op division, after being acquired by Midway. Narc was ported to the Commodore 64, Atari ST, Amiga, ZX Spectrum, Amstrad CPC, NES. In 2005, the franchise was re-launched with a brand new game for the Xbox and PS2; the game's main characters are Max Force and Hit Man, who have received a memo from Spencer Williams, Narcotics Opposition chairman in Washington, D. C. dispatching them on Project NARC. Their mission is to apprehend Mr. Big, head of an underground drug trafficking and terrorist organization; the player controls either Max Force or Hit Man, who shoot or arrest junkies, drug dealers, organized crime kingpins.
Max and Hit are each equipped with a missile launcher. When an enemy is dispatched using the latter, they explode in a torrent of scorched and bloody appendages; some enemies can be arrested after they surrender and float away with "busted" over them. This is added to a tally at the end of the level along with drugs and money confiscated from other enemies that they dropped when gunned down; the game features what is termed a "medium resolution monitor": higher resolution than televisions and normal arcade monitors, although in a smaller physical size. Narc is the first arcade game to use the TMS34010, a 32-bit processor with graphics-oriented instructions built-in, it was used in Smash TV and Mortal Kombat. The 1990 Nintendo Entertainment System version of NARC, published by Acclaim Entertainment and developed by Rare was billed as "the first video game with a strong anti-drug message," though Nintendo forced all drug references to be removed from the actual gameplay; the game retained most of its gore.
In 1990, Acclaim released NARC as a handheld LCD game. Most of the computer ports had their music ported by Tony Williams, credited as "Sound Images" and David Wise ported the arcade music to the NES; the main musical theme by Brian L. Schmidt was recorded by the band The Pixies and released on their "Planet of Sound" CD in 1990 " Programmed by David Leitch at Sales Curve Interactive and published by Ocean Software, the versions of the game for the ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC computers received positive reviews, including 9/10 from CRASH, 8/10 from Sinclair User and 72% from Your Sinclair. Matt Bielby of Your Sinclair called it "one of the most objectionable Speccy games I've seen in ages", called it "repetitive" and the plot "utter nonsense." Max Force and Mr. Big appeared as characters in the cartoon The Power Team and in the film 22 Jump Street. In 2004, Midway Arcade Treasures 2 includes an emulated version of the arcade game; the 2005 update was developed by VIS Entertainment and published by Midway Games for the Xbox, PC and PS2.
The PC version was only released in Europe. Although the update was slated to be a straight remake of the story from the arcade game, the version, released featured a new story. Several well-known stars are involved with the voice acting in NARC, including Michael Madsen, Bill Bellamy, Ron Perlman; the game's soundtrack features artists such as Curtis Mayfield, Cypress Hill, Grandmaster Flash, Lynyrd Skynyrd, indie artists such as Point Game and Camden. The update casts the player as narcotics officer Jack Forzenski and DEA agent Marcus Hill, former partners reunited who are instructed to investigate a new drug on the streets called Liquid Soul. A controversial aspect of the game is that after arresting dealers and confiscating their stock, the player can either take the confiscated items to the evidence room, or keep them for future use; this confers benefits such as improved weapons accuracy. Dealing drugs for financial benefit is possible; the integration of drug use by the protagonist is in complete contrast to the anti-drug message of the original arcade game.
The game's source code dates back to the three-year-old State of Emergency. A March 21, 2005 press release announced the game's shipment to retailers and emphasized that NARC was designed for an "older audience". Indeed, the game was given an M rating. According to Chris Morris, "Its timing, couldn't be worse – and could have long-term ramifications on the industry". Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich said of the game, "These kinds of games teach kids to do the things that in real life, we put people in jail for. Just as we don't allow kids to buy pornography or alcohol or tobacco, we shouldn't allow them to buy these games." NARC was banned from Australia. Citing'Narc,' Ill. Gov. Seeks Video-Game Sales Ban, Mar. 22, 2005. Johnson, Eric: NARC Walkthrough/FAQ. Midway Ships NARC for the Xbox, Xbox News, Mar. 21, 2005. Morris, Chris: Weed, speed and LSD – in a video game?, Mar. 12, 2004. NARC. Pepin, Chris: NARC NES manual. NARC at the Killer List of Videogames Narc on Coinop.org Soundtrack Info PC Game Source
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti