The London Free Press
The London Free Press is a daily newspaper based in London, Canada. It has the largest circulation of any newspaper in Southwestern Ontario, the London Free Press began as the Canadian Free Press, founded by William Sutherland. It first began printing as a newspaper on January 2,1849. In 1852, it was purchased for $500 by Josiah Blackburn, in 1855 Blackburn turned the weekly newspaper into a daily. From 1863 to 1936 The London Free Press competed for readership with the London Advertiser, the Free Press has usually been a morning paper, but for many years, it published an evening paper. Both morning and evening editions were published from the 1950s through to 1981, the Blackburn family was involved in other forms of media in London. They established CFPL in 1933, CFPL-FM in 1948 and CFPL-TV in 1953, the radio stations are now owned by Corus Entertainment, and the television station is owned by Bell Media as a CTV Two station. The sudden death of publisher Martha Blackburn in the summer of 1992 due to an attack after water skiing on Lake Huron.
In 1997 the Blackburn family sold the newspaper to Sun Media Corporation, with new, the same year, Sun Media was acquired by Quebecor Inc. However, in September 2007, the move was suspended to allow the Free Press to present a case for the printing department. Thomas Times-Journal, the Stratford Beacon Herald, the Woodstock Sentinel-Review, in 2015, Sun Media was acquired by Postmedia. On May 31,2016 Sun Media announced that they will outsource the printing of The Free Press to Metroland Media Group’s printing facility in Hamilton, victoria Grace Blackburn Morley Safer List of newspapers in Canada The London Free Press
The Calgary Herald is a daily newspaper published in Calgary, Canada. It was first published in 1883 as The Calgary Herald and Ranche Advocate and it is owned by the Postmedia Network. It started as a paper with 150 copies of only four pages created on a handpress that arrived 11 days earlier on the first train to Calgary. When Hugh St. Quentin Cayley became editor 26 November 1884 the Herald moved out of the tent, Cayley quickly became partner and editor. At that time and Armour found that westerners wanted more updated information about the growing Riel Rebellion in the Northwest Territories, one year later, the Calgary Herald went daily. To meet demand, a new press was purchased that could print up to 400 papers an hour, the paper was still experiencing growing pains and financial uncertainty in 1894, when J. J. Young took over the paper, saving it from near bankruptcy. During those early years, the newspaper was not so much published as improvised, eventually the publishers name was changed to Herald Publishing Company Limited and began publishing the Calgary Daily Herald, a daily version of the newspaper, on 2 July 1885.
From February 1890 to August 1893 and December 1894 to September 1895, publication of the daily paper was suspended between 21 September 1893 and 13 December 1894. It was not until fall 1983 that it was published seven days a week, the Calgary Daily Heralds name was changed to the Calgary Herald in February 1939, and continued to be published as an afternoon paper until April 1985. Since it has delivered in the mornings. In January 1908, the Southam Company purchased a majority interest in the Calgary Herald, in 1996 the paper was sold to the Hollinger Corporation under Conrad Black. In November 2000, the Herald became part of Southam Newspapers, in July 2000, CanWest Global made Canadian media history with its $3. By 2003, Southam was fully absorbed into CanWest Global Communications, by 2003, Izzy Asper had built CanWest Global into a profitable media powerhouse with annual revenues in excess of $2 billion and net earnings of $90 million. Canwest entered bankruptcy protection in late 2009.
and announced Tuesday 13 July 2010 that its newspaper subsidiary has successfully emerged from creditor protection with new owners Postmedia, Postmedia purchased the Calgary Herald from Canwest in 2010. Postmedia backed by a New York hedge fund holds some of Canadas largest daily newspapers including the Post, Vancouver Sun, Calgary Herald and Ottawa Citizen. By October 2011 Postmedia had cut about 500 full-time jobs across the newspapers it owns to deal with the debt it inherited with the 2010 purchase. CEP union spokesman Peter Murdoch said, This is hardly of net benefit to Canadians, by 2011 the Calgary Herald newsroom was remodelled to enable teams to work on Herald’s websites, social media platforms such as Twitter as advertising revenue migrated from printed to digital media. The Calgary Herald— like Postmedias 45 other metropolitan and community— was struggling financially, Postmedias print circulation and advertising sales which accounted for 90 percent of its revenue declined, their debt load was heavy and they were forced to aggressively cut costs
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
The stated vision of the department is Excellence in service to Canadians to ensure the sustainable development and safe use of Canadian waters. The federal government is mandated for conservation and protection of fisheries resources in all Canadian fisheries waters. However, the department is focused on the conservation and allotment of harvests of salt water fisheries on the Atlantic and Arctic coasts of Canada. The department works toward conservation and protection of freshwater fisheries, such as on the Great Lakes. Provincial governments have enacted provincial fisheries legislation, for the licensing of their fisheries, with the exception of Saskatchewan, conservation rules for freshwater fisheries are enacted under the Fisheries Act, six provinces administer these regulations in their own fisheries. To address the need for conservation, the department has an extensive science branch, typically the science branch provides evidence for the need of conservation of various species, which are regulated by the department.
DFO maintains a large enforcement branch with peace officers used to combat poaching, DFO is responsible for several organizations, including the Canadian Coast Guard and the Canadian Hydrographic Service. The Department of Marine and Fisheries was created on July 1,1867, the departments political representative in Parliament was the Minister of Marine and Fisheries, with the first minister having been the Hon. Peter Mitchell. There are 3 designations under the Fisheries Act - Fishery Officers, Fishery Guardians, Fishery Officers are designated under section 5 of the Act and as peace officers employed to educate and enforce all provisions of the Act and other related acts and regulations. They carry firearms and other such as pepper spray while conducting patrols. Fishery Guardians are designated under section 5 of the Act, for example, a provincial conservation officer may be designated as a fishery guardian for the purpose of enforcing the Act. In general, fishery guardians cannot conduct a search authorized by a warrant or conditions are met under warrantless search of the Criminal Code.
Under the Aboriginal Guardian Program, certain first nations may submit to the Minister to designate certain band members as guardians, Fishery Inspectors are designated under section 38 of the Act, specifically to enforce the pollution prevention sections of Fisheries Act. They are not peace officers and have limited powers vis-a-vis the other two designations, DFO is organized into six administrative regions which collectively cover all provinces and territories of Canada. The resolution was not successful, however, on January 12,1910, after third reading, the bill received royal assent on May 4,1910, and became the Naval Service Act, administered by the Minister of Marine and Fisheries at the time. The Naval Service of Canada changed its name to Royal Canadian Navy on January 30,1911, since Confederation, the responsibilities of the original Department of Marine and Fisheries, namely the Fisheries Service and the Marine Service, have transferred among several departments. The formal name of the department is the Department of Fisheries and it is referred to as Fisheries and Oceans Canada under the Federal Identity Program.
Text of each law and its regulations can be found by entering the name of the law at the Canadian Legal Information Institute, archival papers held at University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services
Timmins Daily Press
The Timmins Daily Press is a newspaper in Timmins, which publishes six days a week. It is notable as the first paper bought by press baron Roy Thomson, in something of a strange twist of fate, the paper was sold to Hollinger, a company founded by Noah Timmins, after whom the city of Timmins is named. The Daily Press is now owned by Postmedia after having been owned by Quebecor and Osprey Media, the Daily Press had an average daily circulation of 6,001 in the six-month period ending in March 2008, down from 9,522 in September 2005. List of newspapers in Canada Timmins Daily Press ISSN 0841-6966
The Kingston Whig-Standard is a newspaper in Kingston, Canada. It is published daily, except on Sunday and it publishes a mix of community and international news and is currently owned by Postmedia. The Saturday edition of The Whig features a life and entertainment section, which includes a section, restaurant reviews. The British Whig was founded in 1834 by Edward John Barker and it merged in 1926 with the Kingston Daily Standard to become the Kingston Whig-Standard. The word Kingston was dropped from the name in 1973, but was reinstated in the early 1990s, the present publication is Canadas oldest continuously published daily newspaper. William Rupert Davies Jack Chiang List of newspapers in Canada The Kingston Whig-Standard
The Ottawa Citizen is an English-language daily newspaper owned by Postmedia Network in Ottawa, Canada. According to the Canadian Newspaper Association, the paper had a 2008 weekly circulation of 900,197, established as The Bytown Packet in 1845 by William Harris, it was renamed the Citizen in 1851. The newspapers original motto, which has recently returned to the editorial page, was Fair play. The paper has been through a number of owners, in 1846, Harris sold the paper to John Bell and Henry J. Friel. Robert Bell bought the paper in 1849, in 1877, Charles Herbert Mackintosh, the editor under Robert Bell, became publisher. In 1879, it one of several papers owned by the Southam family. It remained under Southam until the chain was purchased by Conrad Blacks Hollinger Inc, in 2000, Black sold most of his Canadian holdings, including the flagship National Post to CanWest Global. The editorial view of the Citizen has varied with its ownership, taking a reform, anti-Tory position under Harris, as part of Southam, it moved to the left, supporting the Liberals largely in opposition to the Progressive Conservative Partys support of free trade in the late 1980s.
Under Black, it moved to the right and became a supporter of the Reform Party and it endorsed the Conservative Party of Canada in the 2006 federal election. In 2002, its publisher Russell Mills was dismissed following the publication of a critical of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. In 2004 CBC reported that CanWest which owned the Citizen had changed the wording of Associated Press stories, the words insurgent and militant which were originally used in the AP story were swapped for terrorist. The rest of the story stayed the same and this led to the National Council on Canada-Arab Relations to accuse the Citizen of being anti-Muslim. In mid-June 2012 the Citizen went from offering free access online of content to requiring a paid subscription and it published its last Sunday edition on July 15,2012. The move cut 20 newsroom jobs, and was part of a series of made by PostMedia. The logo used to depict the top of the Peace Tower of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa, in 2014 it was rebranded, with a new logo showing the papers name over an outline of the Peace Tower on a green background.
News World City Sports Arts Business Food Driving Technology List of newspapers in Canada Adam, when we began 1845, For 160 years, the Citizen has been the heartbeat of the community. A History of Journalism in Canada, Canada, Carleton University Press,1984. A Victorian authority, the press in late nineteenth-century Canada
A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, arts, and so on, and advertising. A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. As of 2017, most newspapers are now published online as well as in print, the online versions are called online newspapers or news websites. Newspapers are typically published daily or weekly, News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers typically publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news, typically the paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Papers include articles which have no byline, these articles are written by staff writers, a wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. As of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies, most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue.
Some newspapers are government-run or at least government-funded, their reliance on advertising revenue, the editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high quality. This is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world, circa 2005, there were approximately 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day. Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7, plunged during the financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more specifically, journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles from online newspapers.
Increasing paywalling of online newspapers may be counteracting those effects, the oldest newspaper still published is the Gazzetta di Mantova, which was established in Mantua in 1664. While online newspapers have increased access to newspapers by people with Internet access, literacy is a factor which prevents people who cannot read from being able to benefit from reading newspapers. Periodicity, They are published at intervals, typically daily or weekly. This ensures that newspapers can provide information on newly-emerging news stories or events, Its information is as up to date as its publication schedule allows
The National Post is a Canadian English-language newspaper. The paper is the publication of Postmedia Network, and is published Mondays through Saturdays. It was founded in 1998 by Conrad Black, as of 2006, the Post is no longer distributed in Canadas Atlantic provinces and the territories. Black built the National Post around the Financial Post, a newspaper in Toronto which he purchased from Sun Media in 1997. Financial Post was retained as the name of the new business section. The Post became Blacks national flagship title, and Ken Whyte was appointed editor, when the Post launched, its editorial stance was conservative. It advocated a unite-the-right movement to create an alternative to the Liberal government of Jean Chrétien. The Posts op-ed page has included dissenting columns by ideological liberals such as Linda McQuaig, as well as conservatives including Mark Steyn and Diane Francis, and David Frum. Original members of the Post editorial board included Ezra Levant, Neil Seeman, Jonathan Kay, Conservative Member of Parliament John Williamson, the Posts magazine-style graphic and layout design has won awards.
The original design of the Post was created by Lucie Lacava, the Post now bears the motto Worlds Best-Designed Newspaper on its front page. The Post was unable to maintain momentum in the market without continuing to operate with annual budgetary deficits, at the same time, Conrad Black was becoming preoccupied by his debt-heavy media empire, Hollinger International. CanWest Global owned the Global Television Network, izzy Asper died in October 2003, and his sons Leonard and David Asper assumed control of CanWest, the latter serving as chairman of the Post. Editor-in-chief Matthew Fraser departed in 2005 after the arrival of a new publisher, frasers deputy editor, Doug Kelly succeeded him as editor. Pyette departed seven months after his arrival, replaced by Gordon Fisher, the newspaper continued its erosion in 2008 with the announcement that weekday editions and home delivery would no longer be available in the provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Politically, the Post has retained a conservative editorial stance although the Asper family has long been a supporter of the Liberal Party of Canada.
Izzy Asper was once leader of the Liberal Party in his province of Manitoba. The Aspers had controversially fired the publisher of the Ottawa Citizen, Russell Mills, the Post endorsed the Conservative Party of Canada in the 2004 election when Fraser was editor. The Conservatives narrowly lost that election to the Liberals, the paper switched camps again in the runup to the 2006 election
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages. The term derives from types of popular prints usually just of a sheet, sold on the streets and containing various types of material. The first broadsheet newspaper was the Dutch Courante uyt Italien, other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats. Many broadsheets measure approximately 29 1⁄2 by 23 1⁄2 inches per full broadsheet spread and New Zealand broadsheets always have a paper size of A1 per spread. South African broadsheet newspapers have a spread sheet size of 820 by 578 mm or 32.3 by 22.8 in. Others measure 22 inches or 560 millimetres vertically, in the United States, the traditional dimensions for the front page half of a broadsheet are 15 inches wide by 22 3⁄4 inches long. However, in efforts to save newsprint costs many U. S. newspapers have downsized to 12 inches wide by 22 3⁄4 inches long for a folded page. Many rate cards and specification cards refer to the size with dimensions representing the front page half of a broadsheet size, rather than the full.
Some quote actual page size and others quote the area size. The two versions of the broadsheet are, Full broadsheet – The full broadsheet typically is folded vertically in half so that it forms four pages, the four pages are called a spread. Half broadsheet – The half broadsheet is usually a page that is not folded vertically and just includes a front. In uncommon instances, an entire newspaper can be a two-page half broadsheet or four-page full broadsheet, totally self-contained advertising circulars inserted in a newspaper in the same format are referred to as broadsheets. Broadsheets typically are folded horizontally in half to accommodate newsstand display space, the horizontal fold however does not affect the page numbers and the content remains vertical. The most important newspaper stories are placed above the fold and this contrasts with tabloids which typically do not have a horizontal fold. The broadsheet has since emerged as the most popular format for the dissemination of printed news, broadsheets developed after the British in 1712 placed a tax on newspapers based on the number of their pages.
The original purpose of the broadsheet, or broadside, was for the purpose of posting royal proclamations, eventually the people began using the broadsheet as a source for political activism by reprinting speeches, ballads or narrative songs originally performed by bards. With the early mechanization of the 19th century came an increase in production of printed materials including the broadside as well as the penny dreadful. In this period all over Europe began to print their issues on broadsheets
International Standard Serial Number
An International Standard Serial Number is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title, ISSN are used in ordering, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization international standard in 1971, ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the content is published in more than one media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media, the ISSN system refers to these types as print ISSN and electronic ISSN, respectively. The format of the ISSN is an eight digit code, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers, as an integer number, it can be represented by the first seven digits. The last code digit, which may be 0-9 or an X, is a check digit. Formally, the form of the ISSN code can be expressed as follows, NNNN-NNNC where N is in the set, a digit character.
The ISSN of the journal Hearing Research, for example, is 0378-5955, where the final 5 is the check digit, for calculations, an upper case X in the check digit position indicates a check digit of 10. To confirm the check digit, calculate the sum of all eight digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, the modulus 11 of the sum must be 0. There is an online ISSN checker that can validate an ISSN, ISSN codes are assigned by a network of ISSN National Centres, usually located at national libraries and coordinated by the ISSN International Centre based in Paris. The International Centre is an organization created in 1974 through an agreement between UNESCO and the French government. The International Centre maintains a database of all ISSNs assigned worldwide, at the end of 2016, the ISSN Register contained records for 1,943,572 items. ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept, where ISBNs are assigned to individual books, an ISBN might be assigned for particular issues of a serial, in addition to the ISSN code for the serial as a whole.
An ISSN, unlike the ISBN code, is an identifier associated with a serial title. For this reason a new ISSN is assigned to a serial each time it undergoes a major title change, separate ISSNs are needed for serials in different media. Thus, the print and electronic versions of a serial need separate ISSNs. Also, a CD-ROM version and a web version of a serial require different ISSNs since two different media are involved, the same ISSN can be used for different file formats of the same online serial