Baba Hari Dass
Baba Hari Dass, born in Almora near Nainital, Uttar Pradesh, now Uttarakhand, was a yoga master, a silent monk, a commentator of Indian scriptural tradition of Dharma and Moksha. He was classically trained in Ashtanga Yoga – Raja Yoga of Patanjali, as well as Kriya Yoga, Samkhya, Tantra Yoga and Sanskrit. Born into the 13th generation of a Kumaoni Karnatak Brahmin lineage, in the lunar month of Chaitra, in Shukla Paksha, he was one of several siblings. He was an author, martial arts teacher and builder of temples. Upon his arrival in the US in the early 1971, he and his teachings inspired creation of several yoga centers and retreat programs in California and in Canada, his extensive literary output includes scriptural commentaries to Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, Srimad Bhagavad Gita, Samkhya Karika, Vedanta, collections of wisdom aphorisms about the meaning and purpose of life, plays, short stories, children's stories, kirtan mantras, in-depth instructional yoga materials that form the basis of a yoga certification-training program.
He was an early proponent of Ayurveda in the United States, an ancient Indian system of health and healing. In an annual rendition of Indian classic Ramayana, he taught performing arts and costume making. With the emphasis on selfless service that guided his life and action that benefits the world, he devoted himself to helping others and in 1987 he opened Sri Ram Orphanage in Haridwar for homeless children in India. Although he did not speak, he was conversant in several languages in writing. To the local population of Nainital and Almora, Baba Hari Dass was known as Haridas, as Haridas Baba, as Chota Maharaji, or as Harda Baba. Baba Hari Dass of Nainital is a different person than Swami Haridas, a spiritual poet and classical musician of Bhakti movement era. Haridas was a known saint of clan from Delhi whose temple exists in Jharoda Kalan village, in Najafgarh. Baba Hari Dass grew up in the lower Himalayan region of Kumaon division, which includes Dunagiri, known as the birthplace of modern-day Kriya Yoga, the temple of Shakti or Mother Goddess.
Rich in ancient lore known during times of Mahabharata War, the region is known as Kurmachalam and encompasses Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat and Udham Singh Nagar. Early on in life he listened to stories told by older people about siddha yogis Sombari Baba Maharaj, Gudari Baba, Suri Baba, Khaki Baba, Aughar Baba, Hariakhan Baba Maharaj and several other saints of that region. In 1929, on the way to Haldwani, during the winter time, he received his first darshana with the sage Sombari Baba Maharaj known as Paramanandji Maharaj in the village Kakrighat, by the Koshi river, where Sombari Baba Maharaj lived under a huge Banyan tree in a tiny hut built into its roots. Darshana is viewed as experiencing the presence of a revered person, which can awaken latent potential for spiritual growth, or intellectual understanding. An American poet, Gary Snyder, immersed in the Buddhist Zen tradition, explaining his meaning noted, "It's a gift. In India, this is called darshan. Darshan means getting a view.."Following the experience of Sombari Baba Maharaj at the age of six his father died a year later.
He had several conversations with his mother about God and peace and he resolved to seek spiritual freedom. He formed the view of the world as being a restraining box made of earth as the bottom and sky as the top; that box, which created a feeling of separation and sadness induced him to weep. He decided, he made known that conviction to his mother asking her to release him from the confinement of "this box of earth and sky." To that she said, "I can't", he replied, "I'm going."He had left home at the age of eight and joined an ashram for young yoga renunciates in the jungles of Kumaon, where he was initiated into Brahmacharya. At that young age he practiced and became proficient in Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga, Shatkarma and Sanskrit. "When I was about 14 years old... I visited different villages in Himalayan mountains." In that experience he encountered several Westerners who were learning yogic practices and remembered them as "true seekers". That shaped his attitude towards inclusive way of teaching yoga on.
He was initiated with Sannyasa diksha at the age of 19 years, in 1942, into the Vairagi-Tyagi Vaishnava, order of Ramanandi Sampradaya. His guru, Baba Raghubar Dassji Maharaj, a reclusive sadhu, a regarded renunciate and Sanskrit scholar, was known for minimal verbal communication and did not have a large disciple following, he met with his disciples only once in every two-three years to convey yoga sādhanā instructions to his advanced followers. He's quoted as saying: "First Find unity within, in you thoughts and actions and the unity outside will follow you." In 1952–1953, while living in a burial place called Ghati, Baba Hari Dass described experience of a legendary Kumaon yogi Hariakhan Baba while staying in a cave in a cold wintertime. While sitting by the side of the fire he fainted and his left arm fell into that fire: "I saw Hariakhan Maharaj come into the room and bend over me…, I saw him removing my left arm from the fire pit... By some unknown power I was related to Hariakhan Maharaj."
Silence is the only Voice of our God - He
The Doors of Perception
The Doors of Perception is a book by Aldous Huxley. Published in 1954, it elaborates on his psychedelic experience under the influence of mescaline in May 1953; the book takes its title from a phrase in William Blake's 1793 poem The Marriage of Hell. Huxley recalls the insights he experienced, ranging from the "purely aesthetic" to "sacramental vision", reflects on their philosophical and intellectual implications. Mescaline is the principal active psychedelic agent of the peyote and San Pedro cacti, which have been used in Native American religious ceremonies for thousands of years. A German pharmacologist, Arthur Heffter, isolated the alkaloids in the peyote cactus in 1897; these included mescaline, which he showed through a combination of animal and self-experiments was the compound responsible for the psychoactive properties of the plant. In 1919, Ernst Späth, another German chemist, synthesised the drug. Although personal accounts of taking the cactus had been written by psychologists such as Weir Mitchell in the US and Havelock Ellis in the UK during the 1890s, the German-American Heinrich Kluver was the first to systematically study its psychological effects in a small book called Mescal and Mechanisms of Hallucinations published in 1928.
The book stated. In the 1930s, an American anthropologist Weston La Barre, published The Peyote Cult, the first study of the ritual use of peyote as an entheogen drug amongst the Huichol people of western Mexico. La Barre noted that the Indian users of the cactus took it to obtain visions for prophecy and inner strength. Most psychiatric research projects into the drug in the 1930s and early 1940s tended to look at the role of the drug in mimicking psychosis. In 1947 however, the US Navy undertook Project Chatter, which examined the potential for the drug as a truth revealing agent. In the early 1950s, when Huxley wrote his book, mescaline was still regarded as a research chemical rather than a drug and was listed in the Parke-Davis catalogue with no controls. Mescaline played a paramount part in influencing the beat generation of poets and writers of the 1940s to the early 1960s. Most notable, William S. Burroughs, Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg—all of whom were respected contemporary beat artists of their generation.
Theirs and many other contemporary artists works were influenced by over the counter forms of mescaline during this time due to its potency and attainability. Huxley had used alternative therapies for some time. In 1936 he told TS Eliot that he was starting to meditate, he used other therapies too. In the late 1930s he had become interested in the spiritual teaching of Vedanta and in 1945 he published The Perennial Philosophy, which set out a philosophy that he believed was found amongst mystics of all religions, he had known for some time of visionary experience achieved by taking drugs in certain non-Christian religions. Huxley had first heard of peyote use in ceremonies of the Native American Church in New Mexico soon after coming to the United States in 1937, he first became aware of the cactuses' active ingredient, after reading an academic paper written by Humphry Osmond, a British psychiatrist working at Weyburn Mental Hospital, Saskatchewan in early 1952. Osmond's paper set out results from his research into schizophrenia using mescaline that he had been undertaking with colleagues, doctors Abram Hoffer and John Smythies.
In the epilogue to his novel The Devils of Loudun, published earlier that year, Huxley had written that drugs were "toxic short cuts to self-transcendence”. For the Canadian writer George Woodcock, Huxley had changed his opinion because mescaline was not addictive and appeared to be without unpleasant physical or mental side-effects, further he had found that hypnosis and meditation had failed to produce the results he wanted. After reading Osmond's paper, Huxley sent him a letter on Thursday, 10 April 1952, expressing interest in the research and putting himself forward as an experimental subject, his letter explained his motivations as being rooted in an idea that the brain is a reducing valve that restricts consciousness and hoping mescaline might help access a greater degree of awareness. Reflecting on his stated motivations, Woodcock wrote that Huxley had realised that the ways to enlightenment were many, including prayer and meditation, he hoped drugs might break down the barriers of the ego, both draw him closer to spiritual enlightenment and satisfy his quest as a seeker of knowledge.
In a second letter on Saturday, 19 April, Huxley invited Osmond to stay while he was visiting Los Angeles to attend the American Psychiatric Association convention. He wrote that he looked forward to the mescaline experience and reassured Osmond that his doctor did not object to his taking it. Huxley had invited the writer Gerald Heard, to participate in the experiment. Osmond arrived at Huxley's house in West Hollywood on Sunday, 3 May 1953, recorded his impressions of the famous author as a tolerant and kind man, although he had expected otherwise; the psychiatrist had misgivings about giving the drug to Huxley, wrote, "I did not relish the possibility, however remote, of being the man who drove Aldous Huxley mad," but instead found him an ideal subject. Huxley was "shrewd, matter-of-fact and to the point" and his wife Maria "eminently sensible". Overall, they all liked each other, important when administering the drug; the mescal
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. The line-up of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr led the band to be regarded as the foremost and most influential in history. With a sound rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, the group were integral to the evolution of pop music into an art form, to the development of the counterculture of the 1960s, they incorporated elements of classical music, older pop forms, unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways, in years experimented with a number of musical styles ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock. As they continued to draw influences from a variety of cultural sources, their musical and lyrical sophistication grew, they came to be seen as embodying the era's sociocultural movements. Led by primary songwriters Lennon and McCartney, the Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960 with Stuart Sutcliffe playing bass.
The core trio of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison, together since 1958, went through a succession of drummers, including Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them in 1962. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act, producer George Martin guided and developed their recordings expanding their domestic success after their first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962; as their popularity grew into the intense fan frenzy dubbed "Beatlemania", the band acquired the nickname "the Fab Four", with Epstein and other members of the band's entourage sometimes given the informal title of "fifth Beatle". By early 1964, the Beatles were international stars, leading the "British Invasion" of the United States pop market, breaking numerous sales records, they soon made their motion-picture debut with A Hard Day's Night. From 1965 onwards, they produced innovative recordings, including the albums Rubber Soul, Sgt. Pepper's The Beatles and Abbey Road. In 1968, they founded Apple Corps, a multi-armed multimedia corporation that continues to oversee projects related to the band's legacy.
After the group's break-up in 1970, all four members enjoyed success as solo artists. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980. McCartney and Starr remain musically active; the Beatles are the best-selling band in history, with estimated sales of over 800 million records worldwide. They are the best-selling music artists in the US, with certified sales of over 178 million units, have had more number-one albums on the British charts, have sold more singles in the UK, than any other act; the group were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, all four main members were inducted individually between 1994 and 2015. In 2008, the group topped Billboard magazine's list of the all-time most successful artists; the band have received an Academy Award and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. They were collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the twentieth century's 100 most influential people. In March 1957, John Lennon aged sixteen, formed a skiffle group with several friends from Quarry Bank High School in Liverpool.
They called themselves the Blackjacks, before changing their name to the Quarrymen after discovering that a respected local group was using the other name. Fifteen-year-old Paul McCartney joined them as a rhythm guitarist shortly after he and Lennon met that July. In February 1958, McCartney invited his friend George Harrison to watch the band; the fifteen-year-old auditioned for Lennon, impressing him with his playing, but Lennon thought Harrison was too young for the band. After a month of Harrison's persistence, during a second meeting, he performed the lead guitar part of the instrumental song "Raunchy" on the upper deck of a Liverpool bus, they enlisted him as their lead guitarist. By January 1959, Lennon's Quarry Bank friends had left the group, he began his studies at the Liverpool College of Art; the three guitarists, billing themselves at least three times as Johnny and the Moondogs, were playing rock and roll whenever they could find a drummer. Lennon's art school friend Stuart Sutcliffe, who had just sold one of his paintings and was persuaded to purchase a bass guitar, joined in January 1960, it was he who suggested changing the band's name to Beatals, as a tribute to Buddy Holly and the Crickets.
They used this name until May, when they became the Silver Beetles, before undertaking a brief tour of Scotland as the backing group for pop singer and fellow Liverpudlian Johnny Gentle. By early July, they had refashioned themselves as the Silver Beatles, by the middle of August shortened the name to The Beatles. Allan Williams, the Beatles' unofficial manager, arranged a residency for them in Hamburg, but lacking a full-time drummer they auditioned and hired Pete Best in mid-August 1960; the band, now a five-piece, left four days contracted to club owner Bruno Koschmider for what would be a 31⁄2-month residency. Beatles historian Mark Lewisohn writes: "They pulled into Hamburg at dusk on 17 August, the time when the red-light area comes to life... flashing neon lights screamed out the various entertainment on offer, while scantily clad women sat unabashed in shop windows waiting for business opportunities." Koschmider had converted a couple of strip clubs in the district into music venues, he placed the Beatles at the Indra Club.
Ram Dass, Going Home
Ram Dass, Going Home is a 2017 short documentary portrait of Ram Dass. It was Shortlisted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences as a contender for the 2018 Academy Awards in Documentary Short Subject
The Bardo Thodol is a text from a larger corpus of teachings, the Profound Dharma of Self-Liberation through the Intention of the Peaceful and Wrathful Ones, revealed by Karma Lingpa. It is the best-known work of Nyingma literature, is known in the West as the Tibetan Book of the Dead; the Tibetan text describes, is intended to guide one through, the experiences that the consciousness has after death, in the bardo, the interval between death and the next rebirth. The text includes chapters on the signs of death and rituals to undertake when death is closing in or has taken place. Bar do thos grol translates as: bar do: "intermediate state", "transitional state", "in-between state", "liminal state". Valdez: "Used loosely, the term "bardo" refers to the state of existence intermediate between two lives on earth." Valdez: " concept arose soon after the Buddha's passing, with a number of earlier Buddhist groups accepting the existence of such an intermediate state, while other schools rejected it."
Thos grol: "liberation", synonymous with the Sanskrit word bodhi, "awakening", "understanding", "enlightenment", synonymous with the term nirvana, "blowing out", "extinction", "the extinction of illusion". According to Tibetan tradition, the Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State was composed in the 8th century by Padmasambhava, written down by his primary student, Yeshe Tsogyal, buried in the Gampo hills in central Tibet and subsequently discovered by a Tibetan terton, Karma Lingpa, in the 14th century; the Tibetan title is bar do Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State. It consists of two comparatively long texts: "Great Liberation through Hearing: The Supplication of the Bardo of Dharmata", the bardo of dharmata. Within the texts themselves, the two combined are referred to as Liberation through Hearing in the Bardo, Great Liberation through Hearing, or just Liberation through Hearing, it is part of a larger terma cycle, Profound Dharma of Self-Liberation through the Intention of the Peaceful and Wrathful Ones, (zab-chos zhi khro dgongs pa rang grol known as kar-gling zhi-khro, popularly known as "Karma Lingpa's Peaceful and Wrathful Ones."The Profound Dharma of Self-Liberation is known in several versions, containing varying numbers of sections and subsections, arranged in different orders, ranging from around ten to thirty-eight titles.
The individual texts cover a wide range of subjects, including meditation instructions, visualizations of deities and prayers, lists of mantras, descriptions of the signs of death, indications of future rebirth, texts such as the bar do thos grol that are concerned with the bardo-state. The Bardo Thodol differentiates the intermediate state between lives into three bardos: The chikhai bardo or "bardo of the moment of death", which features the experience of the "clear light of reality", or at least the nearest approximation of which one is spiritually capable; the Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State mentions three other bardos: "Life", or ordinary waking consciousness. Together these "six bardos" form a classification of states of consciousness into six broad types. Any state of consciousness can form a type of "intermediate state", intermediate between other states of consciousness. Indeed, one can consider any momentary state of consciousness a bardo, since it lies between our past and future existences.
The bar do thos grol is known in the west as The Tibetan Book of the Dead, a title popularized by Walter Evans-Wentz's edition, but as such unknown in Tibet. The Tibetan Book of the Dead was first published in 1927 by Oxford University Press. Dr. Walter Y. Evans-Wentz chose this title. According to John Myrdhin Reynolds, Evans-Wentz's edition of the Tibetan Book of the Dead introduced a number of misunderstandings about Dzogchen. In fact, Evans-Wentz' collected seven texts about visualization of the after-death experiences and he introduced this work collection as "The Tibetan Book of Death." Evans-Wentz was well acquainted with Theosophy and used this framework to interpret the translation of The Tibetan Book of the Dead, provided by two Tibetan lamas who spoke English, Lama Sumdhon Paul and Lama Lobzang Mingnur Dorje. Evans-Wentz was not familiar with Tibetan Buddhism, his view of Tibetan Buddhism was "fundamentally neither Tibetan nor Buddhist, but Theosophical and Vedantist." He introduced a terminology into the translation, derived from Hinduism, as well as from his Theosophical beliefs.
Contrary to the general belief spread in the West by Evans-Wentz, in Tibetan Buddhist practice the Tibetan Book of Dead is not read to the people who
Ralph Metzner was a German-born American psychologist and researcher, who participated in psychedelic research at Harvard University in the early 1960s with Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert. Metzner was a psychotherapist, Professor Emeritus of psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco, where he was the Academic Dean and Academic Vice-president. Metzner was involved in consciousness research, including psychedelics, yoga and shamanism for over 50 years, he was a co-founder and President of the Green Earth Foundation, a non-profit educational organization devoted to healing and harmonizing the relationship between humans and the Earth, a signatory to the 9/11 Truth Statement. Metzner was featured in the 2006 film Entheogen: Awakening the Divine Within, a documentary about rediscovering an enchanted cosmos in the modern world, he conducted workshops on consciousness transformation and alchemical divination, both nationally and internationally. He was a poet and singer-songwriter and produced two CDs with Kit Walker: A spoken word CD and one music CD of original songs.
His books include The Well of Remembrance, The Unfolding Self, Green Psychology, two edited collections on the science and the phenomenology of Ayahuasca and Teonanácatl, a collection of reports about MDMA experiences. Metzner provided the foreward for Through the Gateway of the Heart: Accounts of Experiences with MDMA and Other Emphathogenic Substances, he received his Ph. D. in Psychology from Harvard. Metzner, Ralph. Searching for the Philosophers' Stone. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press. ISBN 978-1620557761. Metzner, Ralph. Overtones and Undercurrents: Spirituality and Ancestor Influence in Entheogenic Psychotherapy. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press. ISBN 978-1620556894. Metzner, Ralph. Ecology of Consciousness: The Alchemy of Personal and Plentary Transformation. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications. ISBN 978-1626256194. Metzner, Ralph; the Toad and the Jaguar: A Field Report of Underground Research on a Visionary Medicine: Bufo Alvarius And 5-Methoxy-dimethyltryptamine. Berkeley, CA: Green Earth Foundation & Regent Press.
ISBN 978-1587902543. Metzner, Ralph. Birth of a Psychedelic Culture: Conversations about Leary, the Harvard Experiments and the Sixties. Santa Fe, NM: Synergetic Press. ISBN 978-0-907791-38-6. Metzner, Ralph. Mind Space Time Stream. Berkeley, CA: Green Earth Foundation & Regent Press. ISBN 978-1-58790-172-0. Metzner, Ralph. Alchemical Divination. Berkeley, CA: Green Earth Foundation & Regent Press. ISBN 978-1-58790-162-1. Metzner, Ralph; the Roots of War and Domination. Berkeley, CA: Green Earth Foundation & Regent Press. ISBN 978-1-58790-150-8. Metzner, Ralph; the Expansion of Consciousness. Berkeley, CA: Green Earth Foundation & Regent Press. ISBN 978-1-58790-147-8. Sacred Vine of Spirits: Ayahuasca. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press. 2006. ISBN 1-59477-053-0. Sacred Mushroom of Visions: Teonanacatl. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press. 2005. ISBN 1-59477-044-1. Green Psychology – Transforming our Relationship to the Earth. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press. 1999. ISBN 0-89281-798-4; the Unfolding Self: Varieties of Transformative Experience.
Novato, CA: Origin Press. 1998. ISBN 1-57983-000-5; the Well of Remembrance: Rediscovering the Earth Wisdom Myths of Northern Europe. Boston: Shambhala. 1994. ISBN 1-57062-028-8. Opening to Inner Light: The Transformation of Human Nature and Consciousness. Los Angeles: J. P. Tarcher. 1986. ISBN 0-87477-354-7.. Know Your Type: Maps of Identity ISBN 0-385-13162-3 Maps of Consciousness: I Ching, Tarot, Astrology, Actualism. New York: Collier Books. 1971. ISBN 0-02-077400-1. Leary, Timothy; the Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead. New York: Citadel Press. ISBN 0-8065-1652-6. 1966 – The Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead 2006 – Bardo Blues – and Other Songs of Liberation Music CD 2009 – Cognition Factor Ralph Metzners Blog Ralph Metzner's The Web of Life Through the Gateway of the Heart, Second Edition - Accounts and Experiences with MDMA and other Empathogenic SubstancesThe Web of Life
Ram Dass is an American spiritual teacher, former academic and clinical psychologist, author of many books, including the 1971 book Be Here Now. He is known for his personal and professional associations with Timothy Leary at Harvard University in the early 1960s, for his travels to India and his relationship with Hindu guru Neem Karoli Baba, for founding the charitable organizations Seva Foundation and Hanuman Foundation, he continues to teach via his website, produce a podcast through the help of 1440 Multiversity, pursue mobile app development through the Be Here Now network and the Love, Remember Foundation. Richard Alpert was born to a Jewish family in Massachusetts, his father, George Alpert, was a lawyer in Boston. While Alpert did have a bar mitzvah, he was "disappointed by its essential hollowness", he considered himself an atheist and did not profess any religion during his early life, describing himself as "inured to religion. I didn’t have one whiff of God until I took psychedelics."Alpert attended the Williston Northampton School, graduating in 1948 as a part of the Cum Laude Association.
He went on to receive a Bachelor of Arts degree from Tufts University, a master's degree from Wesleyan University, a doctorate from Stanford University. His father had wanted him to go to medical school, but while at Tufts he decided he wanted to study psychology instead. Alpert's mentor at Wesleyan, David McClelland recommended Alpert to Stanford, where he began his PhD studies in the early 1950s. Alpert wrote his doctoral thesis on "achievement anxiety." After receiving his PhD, Alpert began psychoanalysis. McClelland moved to Cambridge to teach at Harvard University, helped Alpert accept a tenure-track position there in 1958 as an assistant clinical psychology professor. Alpert worked with the Social Relations Department, the Psychology Department, the Graduate School of Education, the Health Service, where he was a therapist, he specialized in human motivation and personality development, published his first book Identification and Child Rearing. McClelland did work with his close friend and associate Timothy Leary, a lecturer in clinical psychology at the university.
Alpert and Leary had met through McClelland, who headed the Center for Research in Personality where Alpert and Leary both did research. Alpert was McClelland's deputy in the lab. After returning from a visiting professorship at the University of California, Berkeley in 1961, Alpert devoted himself to joining Leary in experimentation with and intensive research to the therapeutic effects of hallucinogenic drugs such as psilocybin, LSD-25, other psychedelic chemicals, through their Harvard Psilocybin Project. In addition, Alpert assisted Harvard Divinity School graduate student Walter Pahnke in his 1962 "Good Friday Experiment" with theology students, the first controlled, double-blind study of drugs and the mystical experience. Alpert and Leary co-founded the non-profit International Federation for Internal Freedom in 1962 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in order to carry out studies in the religious use of psychedelic drugs, were both on the board of directors. Leary and Alpert were formally dismissed from Harvard in 1963.
According to Harvard President Nathan M. Pusey, Leary was dismissed for leaving Cambridge and his classes without permission or notice, Alpert for giving psilocybin to an undergraduate. In 1963 Alpert and their followers moved to the Hitchcock Estate in Millbrook, New York, after IFIF's New York City branch director and Mellon fortune heiress Peggy Hitchcock arranged for her brother Billy to rent the estate to IFIF. Alpert and Leary set up a communal group with former Psilocybin Project members at the estate, the IFIF was subsequently disbanded and renamed the Castalia Foundation; the core group at Millbrook, whose journal was the Psychedelic Review, sought to cultivate the divinity within each person. At Millbrook, they experimented with psychedelics and participated in group LSD sessions, looking for a permanent route to higher consciousness; the Castalia Foundation hosted weekend retreats on the estate where people paid to undergo the psychedelic experience without drugs, through meditation and group therapy sessions.
Alpert and Leary continued on to co-author a book entitled The Psychedelic Experience with Ralph Metzner, based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead, it was published in 1964. Alpert co-authored LSD with Sidney Cohen and Lawrence Schiller in 1966. In 1967 Alpert gave talks at the League for Spiritual Discovery's center in Greenwich Village. In 1967 Alpert traveled to India where he met American spiritual seeker Bhagavan Das, met Neem Karoli Baba who became his guru at Kainchi ashram, whom Alpert called "Maharaj-ji", it was Maharaj-ji who gave Alpert the name "Ram Dass", which means "servant of God", referring to the incarnation of God as Ram or Lord Rama. Alpert corresponded with Indian spiritual teacher Meher Baba and mentioned Baba in several of his books. After Alpert returned to America as Ram Dass, he stayed at the Lama Foundation in Taos, New Mexico, as a guest. Ram Dass had helped Steve Durkee and Barbara Durkee co-found the countercultural, spiritual community in 1967, it had an ashram dedicated to Ram Dass’s guru.
During Ram Dass's visit, he presented a manuscript he had written. The community's residents edited and laid out the text, which became a best-selling book when published under the name Be Here Now in 1971; the 416-page manua