Heald Square Monument
The Heald Square Monument is a bronze sculpture group by Lorado Taft in Heald Square, Illinois. It depicts General George Washington, the two principal financers of the American Revolution, Robert Morris and Haym Salomon. Following Taft's 1936 death, the sculpture was completed by his associates Leonard Crunelle, Nellie Walker and Fred Torrey. Heald Square is located in the Michigan–Wacker Historic District of Chicago's Loop community area; the square was named for Captain Nathan Heald, commander of Fort Dearborn from 1810-1812. The sculpture was designated a Chicago Landmark on September 15, 1971. List of public art in Chicago Media related to Heald Square Monument at Wikimedia Commons
Alma Mater (Illinois sculpture)
The Alma Mater is a bronze statue by sculptor Lorado Taft, a beloved symbol of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The 10,000-pound statue depicts a mother-figure wearing academic robes and flanked by two attendant figures representing "Learning" and "Labor", after the University's motto "Learning and Labor." Sited at the corner of Green and Wright Streets at the heart of the campus, the statue is an iconic figure for the university and a popular backdrop for student graduation photos. It is appreciated for its heraldic overtones and warmth of pose; the statue was removed from its site at the entrance to the university for restoration in 2012 and was returned to its site in the spring of 2014. The Alma Mater is a bronze figure of a woman in academic robes, she klismos, with her arms outstretched in welcome. The attendant figure "Labor" is a male who stands to her proper right and wears a blacksmith's apron. At his feet lies a sheaf of papers; the proper left figure. Learning and Labor extend their hands in a handshake over the throne.
The work stands 13-feet tall. The granite base carries three inscriptions: Front: "ALMA MATER / To thy happy children / of the future / those of the past / send greetings" Left: "Given to the University / by the sculptor / the alumni fund / and the senior classes of / 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929." Right: "Her children arise up and call her Blessed" Proverbs 31:28. The long flowerbed stretching from the front of the Alma Mater to the corner of Green Street and Wright Street is known as the Alma Mater Plaza. Lorado Taft wrote in correspondence that he began sculpting on the theme of "Labor and Learning" while home from Paris in 1883, after having graduated from the University of Illinois in 1879. Taft envisioned a sculpture that students would climb on and, climbing on the statue and sitting on the throne have become campus traditions; the 1883 piece was not preserved. He began to seek funding for the project in 1916, a year after Daniel Chester French's Alma Mater was unveiled at Columbia University.
Taft was familiar with French's reserved, seated Alma Mater treatment and desired to create a more generous and "cordial" figure suitable for a Midwest mother." He began to correspond that year about the work, writing of it on a grand scale and in terms of the figures in position and dress. The central matriarch would stand "at least twelve feet high" and risen from her throne, advancing a step with outstretched arms, "a gesture of generously greeting her children." On the theme of the motto, he would pose two more figures on the same scale yet subordinate. He based Learning on Lemnia Athena as an heraldic gesture, clasping hands with a sturdy figure of Labor over the back of the chair; the subordination of figures was accomplished by sculpting them "with less accent" so as to make them appear "out of focus." According to financier Roland R. Conklin, an alumnus of the class of 1880, an initial completion date of October, 1918 was pushed back due to Taft's other commissions. Having secured the necessary patronage and Conklin announced the gift on November 27, 1916.
The plaster cast was presented at the annual convocation of the Alumni Association at 3:00 PM on June 13, 1922. So although the plaque beneath has stated the statue was conceived in 1922, it was nearly half a century in the making; the Alma Mater was cast in 1929 by the American Art Bronze Foundry with materials paid for by donations by the Alumni Fund and the classes of 1923-1929, with time donated by the sculptor himself. Taft insisted that his aim was not personal glory: he wished that his signature appear on the bronze and nowhere else, spoke decidedly of forgoing the dedication ceremony, but attend he did, at the statue's dedication on June 11, 1929, the university bestowed on Taft an honorary Doctor of Laws degree. For 33 years, the statue's provisional location was on the south campus behind Foellinger Auditorium, but the Alumni Association moved Alma Mater to Altgeld Hall on August 22, 1962 despite student dissent; the Daily Illini protested the new location as in the "worst possible taste.
Taft, whose father was the first geology professor at the University, lived for many years in Champaign at 601 E. John Street, less than two blocks from the site at Altgeld. On August 7, 2012 the statue was removed for a planned, $100,000 restoration to repair surface corrosion and water penetration into the sculpture. According to the campus historic preservation officer, a previous 1981 attempt to waterproof the statue by university staff had the unintended effect of sealing water inside the sculpture, causing serious internal damage; the statue was restored by Objects Studio Inc. of Forest Park, Illinois. The Alma Mater was expected to return before the commencement for the Class of 2013. However, the director of the restoration, Andrzej Dajnowski, reported that the damage was worse than original estimates and that the timeline was to be extended. Restoration costs tripled original estimates to more than $360,000; the statue was not returned until April 2014. Rumors amongst the student body speculated that the statue had been damaged, lost, or stolen.
Anticipating student reaction to the statue's absence for the 2013 commencement, the University announced extensive plans to provide alternative photo opportunities, including replica statues by School of Art and Design to be placed around campus, green screen photos for a virtual photo with the statue, improving other landmarks on the campus. The University d
Waupun is a city in Dodge and Fond du Lac counties in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 11,340 at the 2010 census. Of this, 7,864 were in Dodge County, 3,476 were in Fond du Lac County. In Fond du Lac County, the Town of Waupun abuts the city of Waupun. Waupun comes from the Ojibwe word "Waubun" which means "dawn of day." In fact Waupun was supposed to be named "Waubun" but the State of Wisconsin made a spelling error, Waupun never bothered to change it. Waupun was founded in 1839 by Seymour Wilcox, the first settler along the Rock River in what was deciduous forested land; the territorial Census in 1847 showed Waupun Township to have a population of 956. In 1851, the city was chosen for the State Penitentiary, owing to the abundance of limestone for construction; the main building, constructed in 1854, is still in use. The population in 1940 was 6,725; the Milwaukee & Horicon Railroad reached Waupun in 1855. It was sold to the Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway June 23, 1863; this company became the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, known as "The Milwaukee Road", which served Waupun until 1980, when the line was sold to the state of Wisconsin and became the Wisconsin & Southern Railroad.
Waupun is located at 43°37′54″N 88°44′9″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.44 square miles, of which, 4.39 square miles is land and 0.05 square miles is water. The relief of the city is moderate, ranging from 870 feet at the Rock River, to its highest elevation of 941 feet above sea level. Waupun lies near the edge of the Horicon Marsh, the largest cattail marsh in the United States, is the principal access point to wildlife viewing for the Horicon Wildlife Refuges; the Fond du Lac County Park, on the edge of Waupun, has preserved a remnant stand of old-growth southern mesic forest, which once covered over 3 million acres of Southern Wisconsin. The Fond du Lac County Park provides camping; as of the census of 2010, there were 11,340 people, 3,485 households, 2,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,583.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,703 housing units at an average density of 843.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 84.7% White, 12.2% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population. There were 3,485 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.2% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age in the city was 36.4 years. 17.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 61.0% male and 39.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,718 people, 3,351 households, 2,228 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,906.3 people per square mile. There were 3,512 housing units at an average density of 952.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.06% White, 11.81% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 0.40% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.84% of the population. There were 3,351 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 150.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 161.2 males. The median in the city was $40,597, the median income for a family was $50,820. Males had a median income of $34,795 versus $23,517 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,947. About 4.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
US 151 is an expressway that bypasses east of the city, Wisconsin 26 along Fond du Lac St. and Watertown St. Wisconsin 49 along Main St. Wisconsin 68 along Fox Lake Rd, Business US 151 along Madison St. Main St. and Fond du Lac St. The city is served by Fond du Lac County Hwy AW, Hwy I, Hwy M and Hwy MMM; the US 151 Bypass has 4 exits. They are at Business 151, Wis 26, Wis 49, Wis 26/Business 151. Waupun is served by the Southern Railroad headquartered in Madison, Wis.. Waupun is served by the Waupun School District; the school district has several schools including SAGES, Meadow View Primary, Rock River Intermediate and Waupun High School. SAGES is located in Fox Lake. Meadow View Primary, Rock River Intermediate a
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
Lorado Zadok Taft was an American sculptor and educator. Taft was born in Elmwood, Illinois, in 1860 and died in his home studio in Chicago in 1936. Taft was the father of US Representative Emily Taft Douglas, father-in-law to her husband, US Senator Paul Douglas, a distant relative of US President William Howard Taft. Taft was born in Illinois, his father was a professor of geology at the Illinois Industrial University. After being homeschooled by his parents, Taft earned his bachelor's degree and master's degree at Illinois Industrial University. After his master's degree, he left for Paris to study sculpture, attending the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts from 1880 to 1883, where he studied with Augustin Dumont, Jean-Marie Bonnassieux and Jules Thomas, his record there was outstanding. Upon returning to the United States in 1886, Taft settled in Chicago, he taught at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago until 1929. In addition to work in clay and plaster, Taft taught his students marble carving, had them work on group projects.
He lectured at the University of Chicago and the University of Illinois. In 1892, while the art community of Chicago was preparing for the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, chief architect Daniel Burnham expressed concern to Taft that the sculptural adornments to the buildings might not be finished on time. Taft asked if he could employ some of his female students as assistants for the Horticultural Building. Burnham responded, "Hire anyone white rabbits if they'll do the work." From that arose a group of talented women sculptors known as "the White Rabbits", which included Enid Yandell, Carol Brooks MacNeil, Bessie Potter Vonnoh, Janet Scudder, Julia Bracken, Ellen Rankin Copp. Another former student, Frances Loring, noted that Taft used his students' talents to further his own career, a not uncommon situation. In general, history has given Taft credit for helping to advance the status of women as sculptors; as Taft grew older, his eloquence and compelling writing led him, along with Frederick Ruckstull, to the forefront of sculpture's conservative ranks, where he served as a spokesperson against the modern and abstract trends that developed during his lifetime.
Taft's frequent lecture tours for the Chautauqua gave him a popular celebrity status. In some settings, Taft is better known for his writings than for his sculpture. In 1903, Taft published The History of the first survey of the subject; the revised 1925 version was to remain the standard reference on the subject until Wayne Craven published Sculpture in America in 1968. In 1921, Taft published Modern Tendencies in Sculpture, a compilation of his lectures given at the Art Institute of Chicago. At the time, it offered a distinct perspective on the development of European sculpture. In 1898, Taft was a founding member of the Eagle's Nest Art Colony in the small town of Oregon, Illinois. Taft designed the Columbus Fountain at Union Station in Washington, D. C. in collaboration with Daniel Burnham. Taft was a member of the National Academy of Design, the National Institute of Arts and Letters, the American Academy of Arts and Letters, he served on the U. S. Commission of Fine Arts from 1925 to 1929, was an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects.
His papers reside in collections at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art, the University of Illinois, the Art Institute of Chicago. He maintained his connections with his alma mater throughout his life. In 1929, he dedicated his sculpture Alma Mater on the University of Illinois campus. Taft envisioned his Alma Mater as a benign and magnificent woman, about 14 ft high and dressed in classical draperies, rising from a throne and advancing a step forward with outstretched arms in a gesture of generous greeting to her children. Two figures behind her on either side represent the university’s motto and Labor. Taft was active until the end of his life; the week before he died, he attended the Quincy, dedication ceremonies for his sculpture celebrating the Lincoln-Douglas debates. He received numerous awards and honorary degrees. In 1965, his Chicago workplace at 6016 Ingleside Avenue was designated a National Historic Landmark as Lorado Taft Midway Studios. Taft may be best remembered for his various fountains.
The University of Illinois Archives has a series of photographs of most of Lorado Taft's important works, including many of their construction and preliminary models. Following more than a dozen years of work, Taft's Fountain of Time was unveiled at the west end of Chicago's Midway Plaisance in 1922. Based on poet Austin Dobson's lines — "Time goes, you say? Ah no, time stays, we go." The fountain shows a cloaked figure of time observing the stream of humanity flowing past. The last major commission that Taft completed was two groups for the front entrance to the Louisiana State Capitol Building, dedicated in 1932, he left unfinished a vast work to be called the Fountain of Creation which he planned to place at the opposite end of the Chicago Midway from the "Fountain of Time." Parts of this work were donated to the Uni
The Soldiers' Monument (Oregon, Illinois)
The Soldiers' Monument is a memorial consisting of three statues, one in bronze and two in marble by sculptor Lorado Taft, grouped around an exedra designed by the architectural firm of Pond and Pond. It is located in Oregon, the county seat of Ogle County, Illinois, it was dedicated in 1916. The sculpture is part of the Oregon Commercial Historic District; the district was designated and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in August 2006. This example of public art is located just off Illinois Route 64, it sits on the southeast side of the Old Ogle County Courthouse square. The eyes are drawn to the centered white marble stairs which lead up to the main part of the monument. At the top of the stairs is the dominating feature of the installation. Taft's oversized Classical female figure stands with her arms outstretched, clutching a laurel wreath in each hand. Behind her is an exedra, designed by the architects Pond and Pond; the exedra extends around the installation and to either side of the female sculpture are built-in benches.
Above the benches are bronze plaques honoring veterans of the Civil War and the Spanish–American War. Flanking the dominant sculpture are two soldiers atop pedestals, one facing north and the other facing south. Tafts's soldiers were cut from marble obtained in the U. S. state of Georgia. The Soldiers' Monument was constructed, on the approval of the Ogle County Board in 1916, for no more than $21,000. Today, this example of the work of Lorado Taft is estimated to be worth over $1,000,000; the center female bronze figure, holding the laurel wreaths, represents America. The soldier on the south side of the monument is staring north, toward home; the other soldier, on the north half of the installation, is a cavalry soldier, he is looking south, with his hand on the hilt of his sword. The cavalry soldier is looking toward battle