John Marcellus Huston was an American film director and actor. During his 46-year career, Huston received 15 Oscar nominations, won twice, Huston was known to direct with the vision of an artist, having studied and worked as a fine art painter in Paris in his early years. He continued to explore the aspects of his films throughout his career, sketching each scene on paper beforehand. Most of Hustons films were adaptations of important novels, often depicting a heroic quest, as in Moby Dick, or The Red Badge of Courage. In many films, different groups of people, while struggling toward a goal, would become doomed, forming destructive alliances, giving the films a dramatic. Many of his films involved themes such as religion, truth, psychology, Huston has been referred to as a titan, a rebel, and a renaissance man in the Hollywood film industry. Author Ian Freer describes him as cinemas Ernest Hemingway—a filmmaker who was never afraid to tackle tough issues head on, John Huston was born on August 5,1906, in Nevada, Missouri.
He was the child of Rhea and Canadian-born Walter Huston. His father was an actor, initially in vaudeville, and in films and his mother initially worked as a sports editor for various publications but gave it up after Huston was born. Similarly, his father gave up his acting career for steady employment as a civil engineer. He would become successful on both Broadway and in motion pictures. He had Scottish, Scots-Irish and Welsh ancestry, Hustons parents divorced in 1913, when he was 6, and as a result much of his childhood was spent living in boarding schools. During summer vacations, he traveled with each of his parents separately — with his father on vaudeville tours, the young Huston benefited greatly from seeing his father act on stage, as he was drawn to the world of acting. Some critics, such as Lawrence Grobel, surmise that his relationship with his mother may have been the cause of his five marriages, and why few of his relationships lasted. Grobel wrote, When I interviewed some of the women who had loved him, according to actress Olivia de Havilland, she was the central character.
I always felt that John was ridden by witches and he seemed pursued by something destructive. If it wasnt his mother, it was his idea of his mother, as a child he was often ill and was treated for an enlarged heart and kidney ailments. He recovered after an extended stay in Arizona, and moved with his mother to Los Angeles
Andrew Vabre Andy Devine was an American character actor and comic cowboy sidekick known for his distinctive whiny voice. Devine was born in Flagstaff, Arizona, on October 7,1905 and he grew up in Kingman, where his family moved when he was a year old. His father was Thomas Devine Jr. born in 1869 in Kalamazoo County, Andys grandfather Thomas Devine Sr. was born in 1842 in County Tipperary and emigrated to the United States in 1852. Andys mother was Amy Ward, a granddaughter of Commander James H. Ward and he attended St. Mary and St. Benedicts College and Northern Arizona State Teachers College and was a star football player at Santa Clara University. He played football under the pseudonym Jeremiah Schwartz. His football experience led to his first sizable film role, in The Spirit of Notre Dame, Devine had an ambition to act, so after college he went to Hollywood, where he worked as a lifeguard at Venice Beach, in easy distance of the studios. While filming Doctor Bull at Fox Studios in 1933, he met Dorothy House and they were married on October 28,1933, in Las Vegas and remained united until his death, on February 18,1977.
They had five children, Andrew Devine, Jr. Patrick Gabriel Devine, Susanna Rachel Devine, Arthur Matthew Devine, Andy Jr. and Patrick are actors, the other children have pursued other careers. It was first thought that his peculiar wheezy voice would prevent him moving to the talkies. When he was able to again, he had a labored, scratchy. A biographer, indicated that this was one of several stories Devine fabricated about his voice and his son Tad related in an interview for Encore Westerns Channel that there indeed had been an accident, but he was uncertain if it resulted in his fathers unusual voice. When asked if he had strange nodes on his vocal cords, Devine replied, Ive got the same nodes as Bing Crosby, but his are in tune. Devine appeared in more than 400 films and shared with Walter Brennan, another character actor and his notable roles included Cookie, Roy Rogerss sidekick, in ten films, a role in Romeo and Juliet, and Danny in A Star Is Born. He appeared in films with John Wayne, including Stagecoach, Island in the Sky.
He was a contract player with Universal, which in 1939 paired him with Richard Arlen for a series of fast-paced B-pictures that mixed action and comedy. When Arlen left in 1941, the series continued for two years, teaming Devine with various actors, often Leo Carrillo. Devine was generally known for his roles, but Jack Webb cast him as a police detective in Pete Kellys Blues. His film appearances in his years included roles in Zebra in the Kitchen, The Over-the-Hill Gang, and Myra Breckinridge
Arthur Lee Hunnicutt was an American actor known for his portrayal of wise, old rural characters. A native of Gravelly, Hunnicutt attended Arkansas State Teachers College and he moved to Marthas Vineyard, where he joined up with a theatre company. Moving to New York, he found himself landing roles in Broadway productions. While touring as the actor in Tobacco Road, he developed the country character he would be typecast as throughout his career. Hunnicutt often found himself cast as a much older than himself. Hunnicutt appeared in a number of films in the early 1940s before returning to the stage, in 1949 he moved back to Hollywood and resumed his film career. In 1952, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in the Howard Hawks Western, throughout the 50s, 60s and 70s, Hunnicutt made nearly 40 guest appearances on American television programs. He made guest appearances on Bonanza, Gunsmoke, The Outer Limits, The Rifleman, Dead or Alive, The Andy Griffith Show, in one of his last movies, Moonrunners —the precursor to The Dukes of Hazzard—he played the original Uncle Jesse.
In his years, Hunnicutt served as Honorary Mayor of Northridge and he died in 1979 and is buried in the Coop Prairie Cemetery in Mansfield, Arkansas. Arthur Hunnicutt at the Internet Movie Database Arthur Hunnicutt at the Internet Broadway Database Arthur Hunnicutt at Find a Grave
Royal Edward Dano, Sr. was an American film and television character actor. Dano was born in New York City, the son of Mary Josephine, an Irish immigrant, and Caleb Edward Dano and he reportedly left home at the age of twelve and at various intervals, lived in Florida and California. After reaching an agreement with his father, he agreed to continue his education, on the condition that he be allowed to travel, Dano is remembered for his supporting roles in a number of 1950s western and mystery films. The chance for the role of a lifetime escaped him in the theatrical release of The Red Badge of Courage. The death scene was lent a human touch by Dano, and in 1951, war-weary Americans, Red Badge was immediately recut, and the death scene was removed. It is long believed, and as early as Huston commenting in an interview in 1972, Dano was cast in Mr. Lincoln, a five-part TV episode appearing in 1952–53 on Omnibus, ironically, in keeping with a Civil War theme, Dano portrayed Lincoln himself. He often worked with Anthony Mann and James Stewart, all - all save one - shall follow.
In The 7 Faces of Dr. Lao, he portrayed a brutal henchman, in the black comedy The Trouble with Harry, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, he had a small but pivotal role as the officious Deputy Sheriff. Ultimately, his cowardice causes Wilburs own accidental death, in the MGM Technicolor widescreen religious epic King of Kings, Dano in 1961 played the role of Simon Peter. During this time, he played Sageman in an episode of Father Knows Best, in 1960, Dano guest starred on David McLeans NBC summer western series, Tate. That same year, he portrayed Lucas Frome in the episode Black Harvest on Don Durants CBS western, in 1962, he guest starred on the CBS anthology series, The Lloyd Bridges Show. Dano appeared on The Virginian in five separate appearances from 1962–66 in a variety of character roles, in the 1965–1966 season, he guest starred on ABCs western series The Legend of Jesse James. He played an ex-con who became Northforks pastor, and Honest Abe in 1961 episodes of The Rifleman and he appeared on the series five times.
Dano was a frequent guest star on Gunsmoke, with a total of thirteen appearances, in 1962, he played Monty Fox, a prospector, in the episode Incident at Quivira on CBSs Rawhide. Dano was the voice of Abraham Lincoln for Walt Disneys Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln attraction, disney personally selected Dano, because he felt the actor came closest to the historical descriptions of Lincolns voice. Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln was moved to Disneyland in 1965, in 1971, his voice was used for a revised Lincoln speech in the new Hall Of Presidents attraction at Magic Kingdom in Florida, which ran to 1993. In 2009, Danos vocals were returned to Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln at Disneyland in a version of the show. He had a role as the coroner in Electra Glide in Blue, with no spoken dialogue, Dano was the saddened, unnamed preacher in The Right Stuff
William Edward Phipps
William Edward Bill Phipps is a retired American actor and producer, perhaps best known for his roles in dozens of classic sci-fi and westerns, both in films and on television. Phipps grew up in St. Francisville in Lawrence County in southeastern Illinois and his parents divorced when he was six years old. By the time he was in school, he was using his stepfathers last name of Couch. He developed a love of acting at an age and performed in several plays in grade school. One of the plays in which he performed, during his year of high school in 1937, was Before Morning. After two years of college, he moved to Hollywood, to pursue a career in acting and resumed his original last name of Phipps. During that same year, the United States entered into World War II and he served three years, settled in Los Angeles to begin his career. He enrolled in the Actors Lab in Hollywood, alongside fellow actor Russell Johnson, Phipps big break came when he and Johnson were double-cast in a play at the Actors Lab.
They drew straws to see which actor would perform in the matinée, Phipps drew the evening show, which was attended that same evening by actor Charles Laughton. Laughton was impressed by Phipps performance, and came afterwards to ask Phipps to perform in Laughtons own play. Phipps career took off, and he was soon in his first feature film, in 1949, Phipps auditioned for the speaking voice of Prince Charming in the upcoming Disney film Cinderella. The studio was pleased with his performance and Phipps was offered the part by Walt Disney himself, after nearly thirty years in the business, performing in film and television in a wide variety of roles, Phipps took a break from Hollywood and moved to Hawaii. While there, he hosted a presentation program called Hollywood Oldies. After a little more than five years in Hawaii, he returned to Hollywood to portray President Theodore Roosevelt in the 1976 television movie Eleanor and Franklin. Phipps last movie role to date was in the 2000 independent film Sordid Lives, in 2005, several of Phipps films were the subject of an EIU film festival in his honor.
He received a doctorate from the university the following year. Film William Phipps at the Internet Movie Database William Edward Bill Phipps fan page at Facebook Interview with William Phipps in Tom Weavers book Double Feature Creature Attack, at Google Books
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. Its headquarters are in Beverly Hills, California and it is one of the worlds oldest film studios. In 1971, it was announced that MGM would merge with 20th Century Fox, over the next thirty-nine years, the studio was bought and sold at various points in its history until, on November 3,2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol MGM, is not currently affiliated with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In 1966, MGM was sold to Canadian investor Edgar Bronfman Sr. whose son Edgar Jr. would buy Universal Studios, the studio continued to produce five to six films a year that were released through other studios, mostly United Artists. Kerkorian did, commit to increased production and a film library when he bought United Artists in 1981. MGM ramped up production, as well as keeping production going at UA.
It incurred significant amounts of debt to increase production, the studio took on additional debt as a series of owners took charge in the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1986, Ted Turner bought MGM, but a few later, sold the company back to Kerkorian to recoup massive debt. The series of deals left MGM even more heavily in debt, MGM was bought by Pathé Communications in 1990, but Parretti lost control of Pathé and defaulted on the loans used to purchase the studio. The French banking conglomerate Crédit Lyonnais, the major creditor. Even more deeply in debt, MGM was purchased by a joint venture between Kerkorian, producer Frank Mancuso, and Australias Seven Network in 1996, the debt load from these and subsequent business deals negatively affected MGMs ability to survive as an independent motion picture studio. In 1924, movie theater magnate Marcus Loew had a problem and he had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loews Theatres chain. With Loews lackluster assortment of Metro films, Loew purchased Goldwyn Pictures in 1924 to improve the quality, these purchases created a need for someone to oversee his new Hollywood operations, since longtime assistant Nicholas Schenck was needed in New York headquarters to oversee the 150 theaters.
Mayer, Loew addressed the situation by buying Louis B. Mayer Pictures on April 17,1924, Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production. MGM produced more than 100 feature films in its first two years, in 1925, MGM released the extravagant and successful Ben-Hur, taking a $4.7 million profit that year, its first full year. Marcus Loew died in 1927, and control of Loews passed to Nicholas Schenck, in 1929, William Fox of Fox Film Corporation bought the Loew familys holdings with Schencks assent. Mayer and Thalberg disagreed with the decision, Mayer was active in the California Republican Party and used his political connections to persuade the Justice Department to delay final approval of the deal on antitrust grounds
William Henry Bill Mauldin was an American editorial cartoonist who won two Pulitzer Prizes for his work. His cartoons were popular with soldiers throughout Europe, and with civilians in the United States as well, Mauldin was born in Mountain Park, New Mexico into a family with a tradition of military service. His father served as an artilleryman in World War I, after growing up there and in Phoenix, Mauldin took courses at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts under the tutoring of Ruth VanSickle Ford. While in Chicago, Mauldin met Will Lang Jr. and became fast friends with him, Lang Jr. became a journalist and a bureau head for Life magazine. Mauldin entered the US Army in 1940 via the Arizona National Guard, while in the 45th Infantry Division, Mauldin volunteered to work for the units newspaper, drawing cartoons about regular soldiers or dogfaces. Eventually he created two cartoon infantrymen and Joe, who represented the average American GI. During July 1943, Mauldins cartoon work continued when, as a sergeant of the 45th Divisions press corps, he landed with the division in the invasion of Sicily and in the Italian campaign.
Mauldin began working for Stars and Stripes, the American soldiers newspaper, as well as the 45th Division News, until he was transferred to the Stars. By March 1944, he was given his own jeep, in which he roamed the front and he published six cartoons a week. His cartoons were viewed by soldiers throughout Europe during World War II, the War Office supported their syndication, not only because they helped publicize the ground forces but to show the grim side of war, which helped show that victory would not be easy. While in Europe, Mauldin befriended a fellow soldier-cartoonist, Gregor Duncan, Mauldin was not without his detractors. His images—which often parodied the Armys spit-shine and obedience-to-orders-without-question policy—offended some officers, general Dwight Eisenhower, Pattons superior, told Patton to leave Mauldin alone, he felt the cartoons gave the soldiers an outlet for their frustrations. Stars and Stripes is the paper, he told him. In a 1989 interview, Mauldin said, I always admired Patton, oh, the stupid bastard was crazy.
He thought he was living in the Dark Ages, I didnt like that attitude, but I certainly respected his theories and the techniques he used to get his men out of their foxholes. Mauldins cartoons made him a hero to the common soldier, gIs often credited him with helping them to get through the rigors of the war. His credibility with the common soldier increased in September 1943, when he was wounded in the shoulder by a German mortar while visiting a machine gun crew near Monte Cassino, by the end of the war he received the Armys Legion of Merit for his cartoons. Mauldin wanted Willie and Joe to be killed on the last day of combat, the first civilian compilation of his work, Up Front, a collection of his cartoons interwoven with his observations of war, topped the best-seller list in 1945
Albert Band was an American film director and film producer. He was the son of artist Max Band, father of filmmaker Charles Band and he is the grandfather of Alex Band and Taryn Band. Band was born in Paris, the son of Bertha and Max Band and his mother was born in Russia and his father was from Kudirkos Naumiestis, Lithuania. He escaped from Paris to the United States with his family prior to the German Occupation and he graduated from Hollywood High School. He made his debut as a producer and director in The Young Guns combining the two popular genres of Westerns and Juvenile Delinquent films. In the late 1950s he moved to Europe producing a variety of films beginning in Sweden with Face of Fire based on another of Stephen Cranes stories, Oblivion 2 Magic Island Castle Freak. Stuart Gordons Castle Freak Pet Shop Dragonworld Oblivion, welcome to Oblivion Remote Trancers III. Future Cop III Doctor Mordrid Honey, I Blew Up the Kid Joey Takes a Cab The Pit, swordkill TerrorVision Troll Metalstorm, The Destruction of Jared-Syn.
Metalstorm She Came to the Valley, texas in Flames Draculas Dog. a. k. a. The Other Cinderella Mansion of the Doomed, the Terror of Dr. Chaney Little Cigars. The Little Cigars Mob Un minuto per pregare, un instante per morire, a Minute to Pray, a Second to Die. a. k. a. The Hellbenders Gli uomini dal passo pesante, the Tramplers Hercules and the Princess of Troy. Hercules vs. the Sea Monster Massacro al Grande Canyon, gunfight at Red Sands La leggenda di Enea. a. k. a. War of the Trojans Face of Fire, mannen utan ansikte I Bury the Living The Young Guns Prehysteria. Robot Jox 2, Robot Wars Doctor Mordrid Joey Takes a Cab Ghoulies II She Came to the Valley, texas in Flames Draculas Dog. a. k. a. Zoltan, Hound of Dracula Gli uomini dal passo pesante, the Tramplers Hercules and the Princess of Troy. Hercules vs. the Sea Monster Face of Fire, mannen utan ansikte I Bury the Living The Young Guns Trancers II. Trancers II, The Return of Jack Deth. a. k. a, Trancers II, The Two Faces of Death Troll
Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented basic cable and satellite television network owned by the Turner Broadcasting System subsidiary of Time Warner. TCM is headquartered at the Techwood Campus in Atlanta, Georgias Midtown business district, the channels programming consisted mainly of featured classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. However, TCM now has licensing deals with other Hollywood film studios as well as its Time Warner sister company, Warner Bros. and occasionally shows more recent films. The channel is available in United States, United Kingdom, Latin America, Spain, Nordic countries, Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, concerns over Turner Entertainments corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before. As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGMs library of films released up to May 9,1986, Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies, Turner Broadcasting System and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and reincorporated as MGM/UA Communications Co.
The film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the form of programming for TCM upon the networks launch. After the library was acquired, MGM/UA signed a deal with Turner to continue distributing the pre-May 1986 MGM and to begin distributing the pre-1950 Warner Bros. film libraries for video release. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14,1994, at 6,00 p. m. Eastern Time, the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City. The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, at the time of its launch, TCM was available to approximately one million cable television subscribers. AMC had broadened its content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In the early 90s AMC abandoned its format, leaving TCM as the only movie-oriented cable channel to devote its programming entirely to classic films without commercial interruption. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner, which besides placing Turner Classic Movies, in March 1999, MGM paid Warner Bros.
and gave up the home video rights to the MGM/UA films owned by Turner to Warner Home Video. In 2008, TCM won a Peabody Award for excellence in broadcasting, in April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event – now held annually – at the Graumans Chinese Theater and the Graumans Egyptian Theater in Hollywood. In 2007, some of the films featured on TCM were made available for streaming on TCMs website. The networks programming season runs from February until the following March of each year when a retrospective of Oscar-winning and Oscar-nominated movies is shown, called 31 Days of Oscar. Turner Classic Movies presents many of its features in their original aspect ratio whenever possible – widescreen films broadcast on TCM are letterboxed on the standard definition feed. TCM regularly presents widescreen presentations of films not available in the format on any video release
Mr. Imperium is a 1951 romantic musical drama Technicolor film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, starring Lana Turner and singer Ezio Pinza. It was directed by Don Hartman who co-wrote the screenplay with Edwin H. Knopf, the music score is by Bronisław Kaper. Lana Turners singing voice was dubbed by Trudy Erwin, in 1979, the film entered the public domain due to the claimants failure to renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication. In Italy in 1939, a European man calling himself Mr. Imperium uses a ruse to meet an attractive American woman and he eventually is revealed to be Prince Alexis, an heir to the throne and a widower with a six-year-old son. He nicknames her Fredda, so she calls him Al, when his father becomes gravely ill, he must rush to be with him, but asks prime minister Bernand to deliver to Fredda a note of explanation. Bernand instead tells her the prince is gone for good, that this is his method of seducing and abandoning women. One day in Paris, a cinemas marquee makes it clear that Fredda Barlo is now a movie star, freddas former love travels to California, where film producer Paul Hunter is now in love with her and proposing marriage.
Fredda decides to drive to Palm Springs to think about his proposal, as well as to decide which actor should co-star in her next film, Mr. Imperium takes a room next to hers, and soon they meet and embrace. He explains the crisis took place at home during the war. Now he wants a new life, and Fredda believes he could portray a king in her film. Bernand turns up, however, to say that his son is preparing to ascend to the throne, Mr. Imperium realizes he is needed there, so he must say goodbye to the woman he loves once more. Lana Turner as Fredda Barlo Ezio Pinza as Mr. Imperium Marjorie Main as Mrs. “Mr. Imperium” was a pleasant film with a tortured release and it was the first of two that MGM attempted with South Pacific stage-star Ezio Pinza. When box-office tests proved disastrous, the second, Strictly Dishonorable, was put into general release first, “Mr. Imperium” has a bad title but the real problem was Pinza as leading man. On screen, he came off as a “dirty old man, ” to quote historian Don Miller
Stephen Crane was an American poet and short story writer. Prolific throughout his life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation. The ninth surviving child of Protestant Methodist parents, Crane began writing at the age of four and had published articles by the age of 16. Having little interest in university studies, he left college in 1891 to work as a reporter and writer, Cranes first novel was the 1893 Bowery tale Maggie, A Girl of the Streets, generally considered by critics to be the first work of American literary Naturalism. He won international acclaim in 1895 for his Civil War novel The Red Badge of Courage, in 1896, Crane endured a highly publicized scandal after appearing as a witness in the trial of a suspected prostitute, an acquaintance named Dora Clark. Late that year he accepted an offer to travel to Cuba as a war correspondent, as he waited in Jacksonville, for passage, he met Cora Taylor, with whom he began a lasting relationship.
En route to Cuba, Cranes vessel the SS Commodore, sank off the coast of Florida, leaving him, Crane described the ordeal in The Open Boat. During the final years of his life, he covered conflicts in Greece and he was befriended by writers such as Joseph Conrad and H. G. Wells. Plagued by financial difficulties and ill health, Crane died of tuberculosis in a Black Forest sanatorium in Germany at the age of 28, at the time of his death, Crane was considered an important figure in American literature. After he was forgotten for two decades, critics revived interest in his life and work. Cranes writing is characterized by intensity, distinctive dialects. Common themes involve fear, spiritual crises and social isolation and his writing made a deep impression on 20th-century writers, most prominent among them Ernest Hemingway, and is thought to have inspired the Modernists and the Imagists. He was the fourteenth and last child born to the couple, at 45, Helen Crane had suffered the early deaths of her previous four children, each of whom died within one year of birth.
Nicknamed Stevie by the family, he joined eight surviving brothers and sisters—Mary Helen, George Peck, Jonathan Townley, William Howe, Agnes Elizabeth, Edmund Byran, Wilbur Fiske, and Luther. The Cranes were descended from Jaspar Crane, a founder of New Haven Colony, Crane wrote that his father, Dr. Crane, was a great, simple mind, who had written numerous tracts on theology. The young Stephen was raised primarily by his sister Agnes, who was 15 years his senior, the family moved to Port Jervis, New York, in 1876, where Dr. Crane became the pastor of Drew Methodist Church, a position that he retained until his death. As a child, Stephen was often sickly and afflicted by constant colds, when the boy was almost two, his father wrote in his diary that his youngest son became so sick that we are anxious about him