Roy Thinnes is an American television and film actor best known for his portrayal of lonely hero David Vincent in the ABC 1967–68 television series The Invaders. He played Alfred Wentworth in the pilot episode of Law & Order, he starred in the 1969 British science fiction film, Journey to the Far Side of the Sun. Thinnes was born in Chicago of German descent. Living in California he attended Los Angeles City College, his first primetime role was in "A Fist of Five", a 1962 episode of The Untouchables, as a brother of an ex-policeman. He appeared as Ben Quick in the short-lived 1965-66 television series The Long Hot Summer, which ran on ABC. During its run he received around 1,500 letters a week from women and appeared on the cover of TV Guide for his one and only time to date; the TV series The Invaders soon followed, with Thinnes playing an architect named David Vincent who accidentally witnesses the arrival of aliens from another planet and wages a hopeless one-man campaign against them. The series became a cult classic.
Another short-lived series in which Thinnes starred was in the lead role on The Psychiatrist as Dr. James Whitman. In 1963, Thinnes guest starred as David Dunlear in the episode "Something Crazy's Going On in the Back Room" of The Eleventh Hour. In 1964, he appeared twice in episodes "Murder by Scandal" and the "Lost Lady Blues" of the 13-episode CBS drama The Reporter starring Harry Guardino as journalist Danny Taylor of the fictitious New York Globe newspaper. Thinnes appeared as a guest star on Twelve O'Clock High, becoming a casualty of war while commanding a B-17 bomber on a dangerous mission, he appeared as intrepid writer and investigator of the supernatural David Norliss in 1973's The Norliss Tapes, a pilot for an unproduced TV series, played a suspicious schoolmaster in the TV movie Satan's School for Girls. He appeared in the disaster films Airport 1975 as the co-pilot, The Hindenburg as a sadistic SS captain. Thinnes was cast in Alfred Hitchcock's 1976 film Family Plot in the role of nefarious jeweler Arthur Adamson when Hitchcock's first choice, William Devane, was unavailable.
Thinnes had shot several scenes for the film when Devane became available. Hitchcock fired Thinnes and re-shot all of his scenes, he asked the director why he was fired. Flabbergasted, Hitchcock looked at Thinnes until the actor left; some shots of Thinnes as the character remain in the film. During the 1982-1983 season, Thinnes appeared as Nick Hogan in 35 episodes of Falcon Crest, he played Roger Collins in the 1991 revival of TV's Dark Shadows. He appeared on General Hospital as Phil Brewer from 1963–65, in the 1979 miniseries From Here to Eternity, he appeared on One Life to Live as Alex Crown from 1984–85, as Sloan Carpenter from 1992-95. He played a lead role in "The Final Chapter," the first episode of the 1977 series Quinn Martin's Tales of the Unexpected, in "The Crystal Scarab", a first-season episode of Poltergeist: The Legacy in 1996. Thinnes was once considered by Paramount for the part of Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek: The Next Generation, he appeared in the 1988 pilot episode of Law & Order, "Everybody's Favorite Bagman", as District Attorney Alfred Wentworth.
By the time the show was picked up in 1990, Thinnes was contractually obligated to another TV series, so his character was replaced with D. A. Adam Schiff, played by Steven Hill. Thinnes made two appearances in The X-Files as Jeremiah Smith, an alien rebel with healing and shape-shifting abilities. Thinnes appeared in the 1995 TV mini-series The Invaders starring Scott Bakula, in which he returned as a much older David Vincent. Thinnes twice appeared on the ABC soap opera One Life to Live playing two different characters. From 1984-1985, he played the role of "Alex Crown" and from 1992–1995, he played the role of "Gen. Sloan Carpenter". During both of his stints on the show, his characters became a father-in-law to the same character, Cassie Callison. In 2005, Thinnes co-starred as Dr. Theophile Peyron in the movie The Eyes of Van Gogh about Vincent van Gogh and his voluntary stay in an insane asylum; the movie focuses on Van Gogh's relationships with Dr. Peyron, as well as fellow Expressionist Paul Gauguin, his brother, Theo.
Thinnes provided audio commentary for the official DVD releases of The Invaders. Thinnes was married to actress Lynn Loring from 1967 to 1984. In 1969, she gave birth to their son Christopher Dylan Thinnes, in 1974, she gave birth to their daughter Casey Thinnes. In 2005, Thinnes married film editor Stephanie Batailler. Roy Thinnes on IMDb theeyesofvangogh.com Roy Thinnes in The Long Hot Summer
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
Anne Francis was an American actress known for her role in the science fiction film Forbidden Planet and for having starred in the television series Honey West, the first TV series with a female detective character's name in the title. She was nominated for an Emmy Award for her role in the series. Contrary to some sources, which erroneously claim she was born Ann Marvak, her parents' marriage registration and census records from 1925 and 1930 confirm that their names were Philip Ward Francis and Edith Francis. Francis was born in Ossining, New York, on September 16, 1930, she entered show business at a young age, working as a model at age five to help her family during the Great Depression. She made her Broadway debut at the age of 11. Francis made her film debut in This Time for Keeps, she played supporting roles in the films Susan Slept Here, So Young, So Bad, Bad Day at Black Rock. Her best-known film role is that of "Altaira" in Forbidden Planet, an Oscar-nominated science-fiction classic.
Francis was the star of a provocative 1960 movie about Girl of the Night. In 1965, she had a leading role in the William Conrad film noir Brainstorm. In 1968, she played the role of Georgia James in the feature film Funny Girl and in the following year, played Nancy Ingersoll in the comedy Hook, Line & Sinker, she co-starred in Impasse, an adventure film starring Burt Reynolds. Her distinctive physical features were her blonde hair, striking blue eyes, a small mole just to the right of her lower lip; the mole was written into the script of one of her films. Francis found success in television and was a frequent guest star in 1960s, 1970s, 1980s made-for-TV movies and series programs, she guest-starred on The Untouchables as the title character in "The Doreen Maney Story", starred twice in The Twilight Zone. She appeared in two episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents and three episodes of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour. Francis appeared in two episodes of the Western series The Virginian, two episodes of Columbo and in the episode "Incident of the Shambling Man" on the CBS western, Rawhide.
She was cast in an episode of Gene Kelly's drama series, Going My Way, based on the 1944 film of the same name. During 1964, she guest-starred in two episodes, "Hideout" and "Rachel's Mother", of The Reporter, made two successive appearances in The Man from U. N. C. L. E. In 1965, Francis was cast as Honey West, a sexy private investigator who drove a Cobra and had a pet ocelot, she made a guest appearance in a 1967 episode of The Fugitive. She appeared in The Saucer, in The Invaders, she guest-starred of Barnaby Jones. At the start of the final season in 1971 of My Three Sons, Francis played bowling-alley waitress Terri Dowling, who marries character Laird Fergus McBain Douglas of Sithian Bridge and returned to his homeland as royalty.. She appeared twice as a guest star in Columbo, once as a casual lover of the murderer, once as the actual murder victim. In 1974, she appeared as Ida, the madame of a bawdy house on the series Kung Fu in the episode "Night of the Owls, Day of the Doves". In 1975 she appeared as Abby in an episode of Movin' On titled "The Price of Loving".
In 1976, she appeared as Lola Flynn in an episode of Wonder Woman, entitled "Beauty on Parade". In 1977, she appeared as Lieutenant Commander Gladys Hope, the head nurse in two episodes of the World War II series Baa Baa Black Sheep, she portrayed Melissa Osborne in the episode "How Do I Kill Thee?" of The Eddie Capra Mysteries in 1978. During the 1980-81 season of Dallas, Francis had a recurring role as Arliss Cooper, the mother of Mitch and Afton Cooper, she played "Mama Jo" in the first few episodes of the 1984 TV-detective series Riptide. In that same year, she guest-starred in the premiere episode of Murder, She Wrote, credited as Anne Lloyd Francis, she appeared on episodes of The Golden Girls. In 1996, she appeared in the Wings episode "The Lady Vanishes", as Vera, a 1940s gun moll-type character, she guest-starred in 1998 on The Drew Carey Show as the mother of Drew's girlfriend Nicki in the episodes "Nicki's Parents" and "Nicki's Wedding". Francis' final television acting role was in a 2004 episode of Without a Trace.
Francis was married to United States Air Force pilot Bamlet Lawrence Price, Jr. from May 1952 through April 1955, to Robert Abeloff from 1960 through 1964. Francis was a Democrat and supported Adlai Stevenson's campaign during the 1952 presidential election. Francis and Abeloff had Jane Elizabeth Abeloff. Francis adopted Margaret "Maggie" West in 1970, one of the first adoptions granted to an unmarried person in California. In 1982, Francis published Voices from Home, subtitled An Inner Journey. On its book cover, she wrote, it is about our essence of being, the inner workings of mind and spirit which contribute to the growth of the invisible and most important part of us."Francis studied flying toward the end
Robert Bushnell Ryan was an American actor who most portrayed hardened cops and ruthless villains. Ryan was born in Chicago, the first child of Mable Arbutus, a secretary, Timothy Aloysius Ryan, from a wealthy family that owned a real estate firm, he was of English descent. Ryan was educated at Loyola Academy, he graduated from Dartmouth College in 1932, having held the school's heavyweight boxing title all four years of his attendance. After graduation, the 6′4" Ryan found employment as a stoker on a ship to Africa, a WPA worker, a ranch hand in Montana, among other odd jobs, he returned home in 1936 when his father died, decided to become an actor. In 1937 Ryan joined a little theatre group in Chicago; the following year he enrolled in the Max Reinhardt Workshop in Hollywood. In November 1939 Paramount signed Ryan to a long term contract, they announced. Ryan had small parts in The Ghost Breakers and Queen of the Mob, a his first credited role in Golden Gloves, directed by Edward Dmytryk, who would go on to make several films with Ryan.
Ryan had small bits in Texas Rangers Ride Again. Paramount dropped him, he went to Broadway where he was cast in a production of Clifford Odets' Clash by Night, directed by Lee Strasberg and produced by Billy Rose starring Tallulah Bankhead and Lee J. Cobb, it only had a run of 49 performances but was high profile and led to him being signed to a long term contract by RKO. Ryan a good role in Bombardier, starring Pat O'Brien, was fourth billed in a Fred Astaire musical The Sky's the Limit, playing a friend of Astaire. Both films were popular, he had a good part in Behind the Rising Sun, directed by Dmytryk, a huge box office success. Ryan was third billed in The Iron Major, with O'Brien, Gangway for Tomorrow. RKO promoted him to star status in Tender Comrade, where he was Ginger Rogers' leading man, directed for the third time by Dymytryk, it was a bit hit. Popular was Marine Raiders which Ryan co-starred alongside O'Brien again. Ryan enlisted in the United States Marine Corps and served as a drill instructor at Camp Pendleton, located between Oceanside and San Clemente in Southern California.
At Camp Pendleton, he befriended writer and future director Richard Brooks, whose novel, The Brick Foxhole, he admired. He took up painting, his military service was from January 1944 to November 1945. When Ryan was discharged from the Marine Corps he returned to RKO who put him in a Randolph Scott western, Trail Street, popular, he was in The Woman on the Beach with Joan Bennett for Jean Renoir, which lost money. Ryan's breakthrough film role was as an anti-Semitic killer in Crossfire, a film noir based on Brooks's novel, directed by Dmytryk and co-starring Robert Young, Robert Mitchum and Gloria Grahame; the role won Ryan his sole career Oscar nomination, for Best Supporting Actor. The film was successful at the box office. Ryan co starred with Merle Oberon in Berlin Express for director Jacques Tourneur, he was reunited with Scott in Return of the Bad Men, with O'Brien in The Boy with Green Hair for Joseph Losey and produced by Dore Schary, head of production at RKO. MGM borrowed him to make Act of Violence for Fred Zinnemann.
He stayed at that studio to make Caught for Max Ophuls with James Mason. Back at RKO Ryan had one of his best roles, The Set-Up, directed by Robert Wise, as an over-the-hill boxer, brutally punished for refusing to take a dive, he was top billed in The Woman on Pier 13, an anti-communist melodrama directed by Robert Stevenson, made at the prompting of RKO's new owner, Howard Hughes. Ryan did some film noirs: The Secret Fury with Claudette Colbert directed by Mel Ferrer, Born to Be Bad directed by Nicholas Ray. In 1950 the studio bought The Miami Story as a vehicle for him, he made a Western, Best of the Badmen, a war film with John Wayne, Flying Leathernecks, directed by Ray. It was announced he was working on an original film story called The Alpine Slide about avalanches, but no film resulted. Ryan was reteamed with Robert Mitchum, his Crossfire co star, in The Racket, directed by John Cromwell, he did another film noir for Nicholas Ray, On Dangerous Ground, with Ida Lupino the film adaptation of Clash by Night with Barbara Stanwyck and Marilyn Monroe under Fritz Lang.
According to David Thomson, "at RKO Ryan created the character of a modern neurotic such as the American screen had not dreamed of before. "His last film at RKO for a number of years was Beware, My Lovely with Lupino, done for Lupino's company. Ryan went over to MGM where he played a villain in Anthony Mann's western The Naked Spur, starring James Stewart, it was popular. He did City Beneath the Sea for Budd Boetticher at Universal, Inferno at MGM, Alaska Seas at Paramount, he was the leading man for Shirley Booth in About Mrs. Greer Garson in Her Twelve Men; the latter was made at MGM, now being run by Dore Schary. Schary cast Ryan as the head villain in Bad Day at Black Rock, he did an off Broadway production of Coriolanus directed by John Houseman. Ryan returned to RKO for Escape to Burma with Stanwyck. More seen was Sam Fuller's House of Bamboo and Raoul Walsh's The Tall Men, both at Fox. By now his fee was $150,000 a film, he starred in The Proud Ones (
Yitzhak Edward Asner is an American actor, voice actor and a former president of the Screen Actors Guild. He is known for his role as Lou Grant during the 1970s and early 1980s, on both The Mary Tyler Moore Show and its spin-off series Lou Grant, making him one of the few television actors to portray the same leading character in both a comedy and a drama, he played John Wayne's adversary Bart Jason in the 1966 Western El Dorado. He is known for portraying Santa Claus in the comedy film Elf and its animated remake Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas, he is the most honored male performer in the history of the Primetime Emmy Awards. In 2009, he starred as the voice of Carl Fredricksen in Pixar's animated film Up, made a guest appearance on CSI: NY in the episode "Yahrzeit". In early 2011, Asner returned to television as butcher Hank Greziak in Working Class, the first original sitcom on cable channel CMT, he starred in the Canadian television series Michael and Thursdays, on CBC Television and has appeared in the 2013 television series The Glades.
Asner guest-starred as Guy Redmayne, a homophobic billionaire who supports Alicia Florrick's campaign, in the sixth season of The Good Wife. Asner was born on November 1929, in Kansas City, Missouri, his Jewish Russian-born parents, Lizzie, a housewife, Morris David Asner, ran a second-hand shop. He was raised in an Orthodox Jewish family. Asner attended Wyandotte High School in Kansas City and the University of Chicago, he worked on the assembly line for General Motors. Asner served with the U. S. Army Signal appeared in plays that toured Army camps in Europe. Following his military service, Asner joined the Playwrights Theatre Company in Chicago, but left for New York City before members of that company regrouped as the Compass Players in the mid-1950s, he made guest appearances with the successor to Compass, The Second City, is considered part of The Second City extended family. In New York City, Asner played Jonathan Jeremiah Peachum in the Off-Broadway revival of Threepenny Opera, scored his first Broadway role in Face of a Hero alongside Jack Lemmon in 1960, began to make inroads as a television actor, having made his TV debut in 1957 on Studio One.
In two notable performances on television, Asner played Detective Sgt. Thomas Siroleo in the 1963 episode of The Outer Limits titled "It Crawled Out of the Woodwork" and the reprehensible ex-premier Brynov in the 1965 Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea episode "The Exile." He made his film debut in 1962, in the Elvis Presley vehicle Kid Galahad. Before he landed his role with Mary Tyler Moore, Asner guest-starred in television series including the syndicated crime drama Decoy, starring Beverly Garland, the NBC western series The Outlaws and Route 66 in 1962 as Custody Officer Lincoln Peers, he was cast on Jack Lord's ABC drama series Stoney Burke and in the series finale of CBS's The Reporter, starring Harry Guardino. He appeared on Mr. Novak, Mission: Impossible, The Outer Limits and The Invaders. Asner played a minor character in children's television show W. I. T. C. H.. Asner is best known for his character Lou Grant, first introduced on The Mary Tyler Moore Show in 1970. In 1977, after the series, Asner's character was given Lou Grant.
In contrast to the Mary Tyler Moore series, a thirty-minute award-winning comedy about television journalism, the Lou Grant series was an hour-long award-winning drama about newspaper journalism. In addition he made appearances as Lou Grant on two other shows: Roseanne. Other television series starring Asner in regular roles include Thunder Alley, The Bronx Zoo and Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, he starred in one episode of the western series Dead Man's Gun, as well as portraying art smuggler August March in an episode of the original Hawaii Five-O and reprised the role in the Hawaii Five-0 remake. He appeared as a veteran streetwise officer in an episode of the 1973 version of Police Story. Asner was acclaimed for his role in the ABC miniseries Roots, as Captain Davies, the morally conflicted captain of the Lord Ligonier, the slave ship that brought Kunta Kinte to America; the role earned Asner an Emmy Award, as did the dark role of Axel Jordache in the miniseries Rich Man, Poor Man. In contrast, he played a former pontiff in the lead role of Papa Giovanni: Ioannes XXIII, an Italian television film for RAI.
Asner has had an extensive voice acting career. In 1987, he played the eponymous character, George F. Babbitt, in the L. A. Classic Theatre Works' radio theatre production of Sinclair Lewis's novel, Babbitt, he provided the voices for Joshua on Joshua and the Battle of Jericho for Hanna-Barbera, J. Jonah Jameson on the 1990s animated television series Spider-Man. Asner provided the voice of famed American orator Edward Everett in the 2017 documentary film The Gettysburg Address. Asner provided the voice of Carl Fredricksen in the Academy Award-winning Pixar film Up, he received great critical praise for the role, with one critic going so far
Harry Guardino was an American actor whose career spanned from the early 1950s to the early 1990s. Born to an Italian family on the Lower East Side of Manhattan and raised in Brooklyn, New York, Guardino appeared on stage, in films, on television, his Broadway theatre credits included A Hatful of Rain, One More River, Anyone Can Whistle, The Rose Tattoo, The Seven Descents of Myrtle, Woman of the Year. Guardino's other film credits include Houseboat, Pork Chop Hill, The Five Pennies, King of Kings, Madigan and Other Strangers, Dirty Harry and The Enforcer, he was nominated twice for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor. He guest starred on John Cassavetes's 1959–1960 series, Johnny Staccato, the story of a pianist/private detective in New York City. In 1960, Guardino appeared as Johnny Caldwell in the episodes "Perilous Passage", "The O'Mara's Ladies", "Daughter of the Sioux" in the NBC western series Overland Trail starring William Bendix and Doug McClure. McClure two years would join the long-running The Virginian series on NBC after a preceding stint on the CBS detective series Checkmate.
In 1964, he was cast in a CBS series entitled The Reporter, a drama about a hard-hitting investigative journalist named Danny Taylor. His principal co-star was Gary Merrill as city editor Lou Sheldon, he had co-starred with Merrill the year before in "The Human Factor" episode of The Outer Limits. In 1971 Guardino starred in the short-lived series Monty Nash. Guardino had a continuing role as Perry Mason's nemesis, Hamilton Burger, in the 1973 television series The New Perry Mason and a recurring role on Angela Lansbury's Murder, She Wrote, he made guest appearances in dozens of television series, including Studio One, Target: The Corruptors!, The Eleventh Hour, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Kraft Television Theatre, Playhouse 90, Dr. Kildare, The Lloyd Bridges Show, Route 66, Ben Casey, Hawaii Five-O, Twelve O'Clock High, American Style, The Greatest Show on Earth, The Streets of San Francisco and the Fatman and The Untouchables with Robert Stack, he had the lead role of Det. Lee Gordon in the 1969 made-for-television suspense film The Lonely Profession.
In 1993, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him. Guardino died of lung cancer in Palm Springs, California in 1995. Harry Guardino at the Internet Broadway Database Harry Guardino at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Harry Guardino on IMDb Harry Guardino at Find a Grave
William Shatner, is a Canadian actor, producer and singer. In his seven decades of television, Shatner became a cultural icon for his portrayal of Captain James T. Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the Star Trek franchise, he has written a series of books chronicling his experiences playing Captain Kirk and being a part of Star Trek, has co-written several novels set in the Star Trek universe. He has written a series of science fiction novels called TekWar that were adapted for television. Shatner played the eponymous veteran police sergeant in T. J. Hooker and hosted the reality-based television series Rescue 911, which won a People's Choice Award for the Favorite New TV Dramatic Series. Shatner appeared in seasons 4 and 5 of the NBC series 3rd Rock from the Sun as the "Big Giant Head" that the alien characters reported to. From 2004 until 2008, he starred as attorney Denny Crane both in the final season of the legal drama The Practice and in its spinoff series Boston Legal, a role that earned him two Emmy Awards.
He appeared in both seasons of the comical NBC real-life travelogue with other male companions "of a certain age" in Better Late Than Never, from 2016 to 2017. Shatner was born in the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce neighbourhood of Montreal, Canada, to a Conservative Jewish household, his parents are Joseph Shatner, a clothing manufacturer. He has two sisters and Farla, his paternal grandfather, Wolf Schattner, anglicized the family name to "Shatner". All of Shatner's four grandparents were Jewish immigrants, they came from Austria-Hungary and Lithuania. Shatner attended two schools in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Willingdon Elementary School and West Hill High School, is an alumnus of the Montreal Children's Theatre, he studied Economics at the McGill University Faculty of Management in Montreal, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree. In June 2011, McGill University awarded him an honorary Doctorate of Letters. Shatner was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Letters from New England Institute of Technology in May 2018.
After graduating from McGill University in 1952, Shatner became the business manager for the Mountain Playhouse in Montreal before joining the Canadian National Repertory Theatre in Ottawa, where he trained as a classical Shakespearean actor. Shatner began performing at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Stratford, beginning in 1954, he played a range of roles at the Stratford Festival in productions that included a minor role in the opening scene of a renowned and nationally televised production of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex directed by Tyrone Guthrie, Shakespeare's Henry V, Marlowe's Tamburlaine the Great, in which Shatner made his Broadway debut in 1956. In 1954, he was cast as Ranger Bob on The Canadian Howdy Doody Show. Shatner was an understudy to Christopher Plummer, his film debut was in the Canadian film Butler's Night Off. His first feature role came in the MGM film The Brothers Karamazov with Yul Brynner, in which he starred as the youngest of the Karamazov brothers, Alexei. In December 1958, he appeared opposite Ralph Bellamy, playing Roman tax collectors in Bethlehem on the day of Jesus' birth in a vignette of a Hallmark Hall of Fame live television production entitled The Christmas Tree directed by Kirk Browning, which featured in other vignettes such performers as Jessica Tandy, Margaret Hamilton, Bernadette Peters, Richard Thomas, Cyril Ritchard, Carol Channing.
Shatner had a leading role in an Alfred Hitchcock Presents third-season episode titled "The Glass Eye", one of his first appearances on American television. In 1959, he received good reviews when he played the role of Lomax in the Broadway production of The World of Suzie Wong. In March 1959, while performing on stage in Suzie Wong, Shatner was playing detective Archie Goodwin in what would have been television's first Nero Wolfe series, had it not been aborted by CBS after shooting a pilot and a few episodes, he appeared twice as Wayne Gorham in NBC's Outlaws Western series with Barton MacLane, in another Alfred Hitchcock Presents 5th-season episode titled "Mother, May I Go Out to Swim?" In 1961, he starred in the Broadway play A Shot in the Dark with Julie Harris and directed by Harold Clurman. Walter Matthau and Gene Saks were featured in this play. Shatner featured in two episodes of the NBC television series Thriller and the film The Explosive Generation. Guthrie had called the young Shatner the Stratford Festival's most promising actor, he was seen as a peer to contemporaries like Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, Robert Redford.
Shatner was not as successful as the others and during the 1960s he "became a working actor who showed up on time, knew his lines, worked cheap and always answered his phone." His motto was "Work equals work", but Shatner's willingness to take any role, no matter how "forgettable" hurt his career. He took the lead role in Roger Corman's movie The Intruder and received good reviews for his significant role in the Stanley Kramer film Judgment at Nuremberg and two episodes, "Nick of Time" and "Nightmare at 20,000 Feet," of the science fiction anthology series The Twilight Zone. In the 1963–64 season, he appeared in an episode of the ABC series Channing. In 1963, he starred in the Family Theater production called "The Soldier" and received credits in other programs of The Psalms series; that same year, he guest-starred in Route 66, in the episode "Build Your Houses with Their Backs to the Sea." In 1964, Shatner guest-starred in Season 2, Episode 2 (