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The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars

The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars is the fifth studio album by English musician David Bowie, released on 16 June 1972 in the United Kingdom. It was produced by Bowie and Ken Scott and features contributions from Bowie's backing band the Spiders from Mars – comprising Mick Ronson, Trevor Bolder and Mick Woodmansey; the album was recorded at Trident Studios in London like his previous album Hunky Dory. Most of the album was recorded in November 1971 with further sessions in January and early February 1972. Described as a rock opera and a loose concept album, The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars is about Bowie's titular alter ego Ziggy Stardust, a fictional androgynous bisexual rock star who acts as a messenger for extraterrestrial beings; the character was retained for the subsequent Ziggy Stardust Tour through the United Kingdom and North America. The album, the character of Ziggy Stardust, were influenced by glam rock and explored themes of sexual exploration and social taboos.

A concert film of the same name, directed by D. A. Pennebaker, was recorded in 1973 and released a decade later; the Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars peaked at number five on the UK Albums Chart and number 75 in the US Billboard Top LPs & Tape chart. It re-peaked at number 21 on the Billboard 200 in 2016 following Bowie's death; as of January 2016 it had sold 7.5 million copies worldwide. The album received widespread critical acclaim. Rolling Stone ranked. In 2017, it was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry, being deemed "culturally or artistically significant" by the Library of Congress. Bowie started working on his fourth album, Hunky Dory, on 8 June 1971 at London. RCA Records in New York signed him to a three-album deal on 9 September. Hunky Dory was released on 17 December to moderate commercial success. Hunky Dory and Ziggy Stardust were recorded back-to-back, but much of the material for Ziggy Stardust was recorded before Hunky Dory was released.

His backing band realised that most of the songs on Hunky Dory were not suitable live material, so they needed a follow-up that could be toured behind. Ziggy Stardust's sessions took place at Trident, using a 16-track 3M M56 tape recorder; the sessions started on 8 November 1971, with the bulk of the album recorded that month, concluded on 4 February 1972. Bowie had recorded early versions of the songs "Moonage Daydream" and "Hang On to Yourself" in February 1971, for the Arnold Corns side project, had taped demos of "Ziggy Stardust" and "Lady Stardust" around that time; the November 1971 sessions produced the final versions of those four songs, along with "Rock'n' Roll Star", "Soul Love", "Five Years", as well as some unreleased tracks. In 2012, co-producer Ken Scott said that "95 percent of the vocals on the four albums I did with him as producer, they were first takes."Also recorded during the November sessions were five more songs: two covers, Chuck Berry's "Around and Around" and Jacques Brel's "Amsterdam".

All these songs were slated for the album. Bowie intended "All the Young Dudes", "Rebel Rebel" and "Rock'n' Roll with Me" to be on a Ziggy Stardust musical, aborted. After recording some of the new songs for radio presenter Bob Harris's Sounds of the 70s as the newly dubbed Spiders from Mars in January 1972, the band returned to Trident that month to begin work on "Suffragette City" and "Rock'n' Roll Suicide". RCA executive Dennis Katz had complained that the album did not contain a single, so Bowie wrote "Starman", completed on 4 February 1972. "Starman" was released as a single on 28 April 1972, became a hit after a successful performance on the BBC television program Top of the Pops. The Ron Davies cover "It Ain't Easy", recorded on 9 July 1971 during the Hunky Dory sessions, closed the first side of the album; the Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and The Spiders from Mars is about a bisexual alien rock superstar, called Ziggy Stardust. Ziggy Stardust was not conceived as a concept album and much of the story was written after the album was recorded.

The characters were androgynous. Mick "Woody" Woodmansey, drummer for the Spiders from Mars, said the clothes they had worn had "femininity and sheer outrageousness", that the characters' looks "definitely appealed to our rebellious artistic instincts". Nenad Georgievski of All About Jazz said the record was presented with "high-heeled boots, multicolored dresses, extravagant makeup and outrageous sexuality". Bowie had developed an androgynous appearance, approved by critics, but received mixed reactions from audiences, his love of acting led his total immersion in the characters. After acting the same role over an extended period, it became impossible for him to separate Ziggy Stardust from his own offstage character. Bowie said; that was when it all started to go sour... My whole personality was affected, it became dangerous. I did have doubts about my sanity." Fearing that Ziggy would define his career, Bowie developed the persona of Aladdin Sane in his subsequent album. Unlike Ziggy Stardust, Aladdin Sane was far less optimistic, instead engaging in aggressive sexual activities and heavy drugs.

The character was inspired by British rock'n' roll singer Vince Taylor, whom David Bowie met after Taylor had had a breakdown and believed himself to be a cross bet

Kerry Fox

Kerry Lauren Fox is a New Zealand actor. She came to prominence playing author Janet Frame in the movie An Angel at My Table directed by Jane Campion, which gained her a Best Actress Award from the New Zealand Film and Television Awards. Fox was born in Wellington. Fox has had an international career, working on television, she received praise and a nomination for the Australian Film Institute Awards for her leading role in Country Life, starred in Danny Boyle's breakout British hit Shallow Grave, was nominated for the Canadian Genie Award for her supporting role in The Hanging Garden. For her role as Claire in Intimacy, directed by Patrice Chéreau, she won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the Berlin Film Festival. In this film she performed real, rather than simulated, fellatio, her husband, Alexander Linklater, wrote about the experience of watching her perform this act on another man. In autumn 2009 she appeared alongside John Simm, Lucy Cohu and Ian Hart in the Duke of York's Theatre production of Andrew Bovell's play Speaking In Tongues.

In 2011 she played Oriel Lamb in the television adaptation of Tim Winton's novel Cloudstreet. Fox is married to journalist Alexander Linklater, they have two sons. Kerry Fox on IMDb Kerry Fox at AllMovie Fox interview about Intimacy Fox interview about Black and White Alexander Linklater's reflections, "Dangerous liaisons", in The Guardian

Liberty High School (Brentwood, California)

Liberty High School is located in Brentwood, United States. Liberty High School is a comprehensive 9-12 grade high school serving 2400 students, it was founded in 1902 as Liberty Union High School. Liberty is organized into four Small Learning Communities. SLC leadership teams include an Assistant Principal, Counselor, SLC coordinator and Academy Director. Career specific academy programs are available to students in grades 10-12; these programs highlight Business and Technology, Health Careers and Learning Careers and Humanities. Liberty is well known for their Student Learning Careers, such as the TLC academy for students who plan on childcare or teaching careers, as well as their PADA academy for art-oriented students. In 2017, Liberty High PADA students completed a public beautification project in Oak Meadow Park by crafting a mural. Liberty High School's official newspaper is The Lion's Roar; this quarterly publication is eight pages in length and is produced by twenty students enrolled in Journalism.

It was the second place bracket winner of the American Scholastic Press Association's newspaper competition in 2014 and 2015. Chris Gruler, drafted #1 by the Cincinnati Reds, 3rd overall in the 2002 Major League Baseball Draft, minor league baseball pitcher Brent Mydland keyboardist and vocalist for the Grateful Dead from 1979 to 1990. Matt Riley, drafted in the 3rd round by the Baltimore Orioles in the 1997 Major League Baseball Draft Lisa Joann Thompson, dancer and choreographer, starred in In Living Color, Fame L. A. and Motown Live Liberty High School's teams are known as the Lions, compete in the North Coast Section of the California Interscholastic Federation. Sports teams offered include: Baseball Basketball Crosscountry running Football Golf Soccer Softball Swimming Tennis Track Unified sports Volleyball Waterpolo Wrestling Liberty won their first CIF state football championship in 2018. Official Liberty High School website California Public Schools Report Liberty High's newspaper - Lion's Roar Liberty Lions Baseball

Julie E. Carnes

Julie Elizabeth Carnes is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Born in Atlanta, Carnes is the daughter of Georgia state court judge Charles Carnes, she received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Georgia in 1972 and a Juris Doctor from the University of Georgia School of Law in 1975. She was a law clerk to Judge Lewis R. Morgan of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1975 to 1977. Carnes was an Assistant United States Attorney in the U. S. Attorney's Office for the Northern District of Georgia, from 1978 to 1990 and was Appellate Chief of the Criminal Division from 1987 to 1989, she was a member of the U. S. Attorney General's Advisory Committee on Sentencing Guidelines from 1988 to 1990 and was a Special Counsel to the U. S. Sentencing Commission in 1989 and a Commissioner on the U. S. Sentencing Commission from 1990 to 1996. On August 1, 1991, Carnes was nominated by President George H. W. Bush to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia vacated by Robert H. Hall.

She was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 6, 1992 and received her commission on February 10, 1992. From 2009 to 2014 she served as chief judge. On December 19, 2013, President Barack Obama nominated Judge Carnes to a vacant seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit due to James Larry Edmondson assuming senior status She received a hearing before the full panel of the United States Senate Judiciary Committee on May 13, 2014. On June 19, 2014 her nomination was reported out of committee by voice vote. On July 16, 2014, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid filed a motion to invoke cloture on Carnes' nomination. On July 17, 2014 the motion to invoke cloture was agreed to by a vote of 68–23. On July 21, 2014 the United States Senate voted 94–0 to elevate Carnes to the Eleventh Circuit, she received her judicial commission on July 31, 2014. She assumed senior status on June 18, 2018. Julie Carnes was the judge in a lawsuit related to the homicide of JonBenét Ramsey.

An early suspect in JonBenét's murder, Chris Wolf, sued JonBenét's parents and Patsy Ramsey, for slander. In their book, The Death of Innocence and Patsy Ramsey had mentioned a few suspects in their daughter's death, including Chris Wolf. Wolf sued the Ramseys for defamation. In his suit, Wolf contended that the Ramseys themselves were responsible for JonBenét's death, were therefore guilty of slander by portraying him as a suspect. In the view of Judge Carnes, the case hinged on the question of whether JonBenét Ramsey's death was an inside job, as Wolf claimed, or the work of an intruder, as maintained by JonBenét's parents. In a decisive ruling, Judge Carnes concluded that "abundant evidence" showed that the murder was committed by an intruder, that the Ramseys were innocent of any involvement. Carnes dismissed Wolf's lawsuit in summary judgment. Julie E. Carnes at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Julie Carnes at Ballotpedia

Transverse ligament of knee

The transverse or meniscomeniscal ligament is a ligament in the knee joint that connects the anterior convex margin of the lateral meniscus to the anterior end of the medial meniscus. It is divided into several strips in ten percent of subjects and its thickness varies in different subjects; when the knee is being extended the ligament prevents the anterior horns of the menisci from moving forward, the condylar surfaces of the femur and tibia from exerting pressure on the menisci. It has a restricting effect on anterior-posterior excursion of the anterior horn of the medial meniscus at lower degrees of knee flexion; the transverse ligament is reported in 58 per cent of subjects and is thus the most prevalent of four described meniscomeniscal ligaments. The other ligaments, all three of which are reported with a frequency of less than 4 per cent, are the posterior transverse ligament, described as a bundle of fibers connecting the posterior horns of the menisci. None of the oblique ligaments have a known function.

The formation of the transverse ligament has been investigated in human embryos aged 7–8 weeks. At the early end of the range, condensation of the mesenchymal interzone of the knee joint was recognizable, near the end of the range visible cellular primordium of the ligament connected to both menisci was observed before all major intraarticular elements were evident. Behnke, Robert S.. Kinetic Anatomy: The Essentials of Human Anatomy. Human Kinetics. ISBN 0-7360-5909-1. Muhle, Claus. "Transverse Ligament and Its Effect on Meniscal Motion: Correlation of Kinematic MR Imaging and Anatomic Sections". Investigative Radiology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 34: 558–65. Doi:10.1097/00004424-199909000-00002. PMID 10485070. Retrieved January 2, 2009. Platzer, Werner. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System. Thieme. ISBN 3-13-533305-1. Ratajczak, W.. "Transverse ligament of the knee in human embryos aged 7 and 8 weeks". Folia Morphol. Department of Anatomy, Karol Marcinkowski University School of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland.

60: 323–31. PMID 11770344. Sanders TG, Linares RC, Lawhorn KW, Tirman PF, Houser C. "Oblique Meniscomeniscal Ligament: Another Potential Pitfall for a Meniscal Tear-Anatomic Description and Appearance at MR Imaging in Three Cases". Radiology. RSNA. 213: 213–216. Doi:10.1148/radiology.213.1.r99oc20213. PMID 10540664. Retrieved January 2, 2009. Lljoints at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman Ratajczak W, Jakubowicz M, Pytel A. "Transverse ligament of the knee in humans". Folia Morphol.. 62: 293–5. PMID 14507071

Bob Birch

Robert Wayne "Bob" Birch was an American musician. He was a session musician and sideman to a variety of notable artists. At an early age, Birch was inspired to pursue music by an upright bassist. Birch began playing the alto saxophone, mirroring the styles of Paul Desmond and Cannonball Adderley, he learned and was soon recognized by the Michigan School Band and Orchestra Association through his 1st-place finishes at music festival competitions. Around 7th grade, Birch tried out the electric bass, from his fascination for the Motown sound, as well as groups like Chicago, Blood and Tears, the overall mesmerizing sound of the Fender bass coming across the radio waves. One day he picked up his junior high band director Art Dries's Mosrite bass during school lunch and something about it felt right; because he had a strong passion for the classical side of music, Birch focused his school studies on the bassoon. In high school, Birch played with many bands bass, as well as bassoon; as a senior in high school, he won the Louis Armstrong Jazz Award.

He received a competitive scholarship from the state of Michigan to enroll in Wayne State University in Detroit as a pre-med major. Birch played six nights, his love for music swayed him from his initial major. Birch went on to graduate with a bachelor's degree in music education and performance from Wayne State. Soon after graduating from college, Birch joined a band with his brother Dan and sister-in-law Martha, becoming one of the top bands on the Detroit circuit. While performing at lounges in local hotels, Birch met many musicians from some of the top touring bands of the time including the Doobie Brothers, George Benson and Barry Manilow; the conversations he had with these artists influenced him to decide to move to Los Angeles and take a stab at the big time music scene. He arrived in Los Angeles in 1981, struggled to make the contacts he needed, but meeting saxophonist Michael Paulo at the musician's union started things off for Birch. Michael invited Birch to his house to jam, while there he met Akio Katsuyama, a jazz pianist from Osaka, Japan.

Akio hired Birch on the spot. The gig was an learning experience for Birch. While they played together, Akio turned Birch onto the Watanabe method of jazz, Birch helped Akio with his English. With his musical drive, Birch continued to look for other avenues of performance, he joined every band he could. His momentum continued to build, he started to get a small toe in the door of the L. A. music scene while doing every demo he could as well as playing with his long-time friend and established musician, drummer Gregg Bissonette, on a Jazzercise multi-platinum record. In 1985 he was involved in a record deal with a band named Fortune. Birch's good friend and mentor from Detroit, drummer Jimmy Hunter, recommended him to the band and soon after they signed a record deal with Camel/MCA, their debut record with producer Kevin Beamish included the single "Stacey", on which Birch played bass and saxophone. "Stacey" made it on the Billboard Hot 100 singles list for six straight weeks. The record was stalled after three singles and Birch recognized that he needed to continue looking for other opportunities.

He remained in the music scene by joining as many bands as possible. During this time, he was able to meet and play with L. A.'s finest musicians. A notable band he had joined at that time was with L. A. vocalist Rainey. Birch valued the camaraderie of every musician he met during this time. In 1985, he met keyboardist Guy Babylon, they recorded together on the Luis Cardenas debut album, "Animal Instinct", which went on to get a Grammy nomination. They made a great team together while recording for many artists. In 1988, Guy recommended Bob for Mark Ashton's band. Bob joined the band which included drummer Zak Starkey, after a few showcases for record companies Ashton was signed by RCA; the debut album was recorded at A&M studios with the producer Paul Rothchild, most known for his work with The Doors. The album was highly acclaimed, but it did not enjoy the needed commercial success. At that time, Guy Babylon was asked to join Elton John's band; because Guy was involved with the Ashton band, he came to Bob asking.

Bob responded with a convincing "What are you waiting for?", Guy proceeded to leave Ashton and join John. Bob continued his search for more gigs and was fortunate to be hired by percussionist Bob Conti for a spot in Jose Feliciano's band. Bob was happy to join Feliciano, being a fan of his music and reminiscing on the fact that ‘"Light My Fire" was the first album he bought, he set off on a world tour with Feliciano. Bob had a blast and described Feliciano as a ‘monster player’ and the band as a ‘great hang’. In between touring dates, Bob would return to Los Angeles and dig up more contacts which brought more gigs. Fate would soon shine down once again; when Elton John ended his tour in 1989, Guy Babylon introduced Bob to John's longtime guitarist, Davey Johnstone. At that time, Davey and longtime John drummer Nigel Olsson were about to make a record together and asked Bob to join them, they named their band Warpipes, their album debuted in 1990. Everyone who heard the album loved it; the project stalled, Guy and Davey were called to begin John's The One album in Paris.

A bit discouraged but never losing his drive, Bob proceeded to on