An Outcast of the Islands
An Outcast of the Islands is the second novel by Joseph Conrad, published in 1896, inspired by Conrad's experience as mate of a steamer, the Vidar. The novel details the undoing of Peter Willems, a disreputable, immoral man who, on the run from a scandal in Makassar, finds refuge in a hidden native village, only to betray his benefactors over lust for the tribal chief's daughter; the story features Conrad's recurring character Tom Lingard, who appears in Almayer's Folly and The Rescue, in addition to sharing other characters with those novels. It is considered to be underrated as a work of literature for many. Conrad romanticizes the jungle environment and its inhabitants in a similar style to his "Heart of Darkness"; this novel was adapted into the film Outcast of the Islands in 1951 by director Carol Reed, featuring Trevor Howard as Willems, Ralph Richardson as Lingard, Robert Morley, Wendy Hiller. The work was quoted in T. S. Eliot's The Hollow Men. An Outcast of the Islands at Project Gutenberg An Outcast of the Islands at Internet Archive An Outcast Of The Islands public domain audiobook at LibriVox An Outcast of the Islands, Study Guide, with plot, critical summary, resources
Outcast of the Islands
Outcast of the Islands is a 1951 film directed by Carol Reed based on Joseph Conrad's novel An Outcast of the Islands. The film features Robert Morley, Trevor Howard, Ralph Richardson, Wendy Hiller. Peter Willems, a selfish and ambitious man, is accused of stealing in his position as manager of a shipping port operation near Singapore. After he is dismissed for his misconduct he reacquaints himself with the trading ship Capt. Lingard who befriended him as a 12-year-old boy. Lingard agrees to help Willems regain his reputation by taking him to a trading village located up a difficult-to-navigate channel near the coast of Batam. Lingard's son-in-law, Elmer Almeyer, operates a trading operation for Capt. Lingard in the village. Lingard asks Almeyer to teach him the business. While Lingard is away on one of his sea trips, Willems abuses his trust, seduces the village chieftain's daughter Aissa, attempts to steal Almeyer's business operation, humiliates Almeyer before the villagers, shares the navigation secrets of the channel with an Arab trader who competes with Capt. Lingard.
Lingard returns to discover the mess Willems has made and confronts Willems — who has now been condemned by the villagers because of the shame he brought to the frail and dying chieftain. He abandons Willems to live in exile. Ralph Richardson as Capt. Tom Lingard Trevor Howard as Peter Willems Robert Morley as Elmer Almeyer Wendy Hiller as Mrs. Almeyer Kerima as Aissa George Coulouris as Babalatchi Wilfred Hyde-White as Vinck Annabel Morley as Nina Almeyer Frederick Valk as Hudig Betty Ann Davies as Mrs Williams Dharma Emmanuel as Ali Peter Illing as Alagappa Outcast of the Islands was filmed on location in Sri Lanka and at the Shepperton Studios in England. Outcast of the Islands was nominated for best British film and best film from any source at the 1953 BAFTA awards. Outcast of the Islands on IMDb Outcast of the Islands at AllMovie Outcast of the Islands at the TCM Movie Database
Youth (Conrad short story)
"Youth" is an autobiographical short story by Joseph Conrad. Written in 1898, it was first published in Blackwood's Magazine, included as the first story in the 1902 volume Youth, a Narrative, Two Other Stories; this volume includes Heart of Darkness and The End of the Tether, stories concerned with the themes of maturity and old age, respectively. "Youth" depicts a young man's first journey to the East. It is narrated by Charles Marlow, the narrator of Lord Jim and Heart of Darkness; the narrator's introduction suggests this is the first time, the character Marlow appears in Conrad's works. Similar to Joseph Conrad's better-known Heart of Darkness, Youth begins with a narrator describing five men drinking claret around a mahogany table, they are all veterans of the merchant navy. One of the men, Marlow speaks of his first voyage to the East as second mate on board the Judea; the story is set twenty-two years earlier, when Marlow was 20. With two years of experience, most as third mate aboard a crack clipper, Marlow receives a billet as second mate on the barque Judea.
The skipper is Captain John Beard, a man of about 60. This is Beard's first command; the Judea is an old boat, belonging to a man "Wilmer, Wilcox or something similar", suffering from age and disuse in Shadewell basin. The 400-ton ship is commissioned to take 600 tons of coal from England to Thailand; the trip should take 150 days. The ship leaves London loaded with sand ballast and heads north to the Senn river to pick up the cargo of coal. On her way, the Judea suffers from her ballast shifting aside and the crew go below to put things right again; the trip takes 16 days because of'the famous October gale of twenty-two years ago', the battered ship must use a tug boat to get into port. The Judea waits a month on the Tyne to be loaded with coal; the night before she ships out she is hit by the Miranda or the Melissa. The damage takes another three weeks to repair. Three months after leaving London, the Judea ships off for Bangkok; the Judea travels through Britain. 300 miles west of the Lizard a fiery winter storm hits.
The storm "guts" the Judea. The oakum is stripped from her bottom seams and the men are forced to work at the pumps "watch and watch" to keep the ship afloat. After weathering the storm they must fight their way against the wind back to Falmouth to be refitted. Despite three attempts to leave, the Judea remains in Falmouth for more than six months until she is overhauled and refitted with new copper hull sheathing. During the laborious overhaul, the cargo is wetted, knocked about, reloaded multiple times; the rats abandon a new crew is brought in from Liverpool. The Judea ships out to Bangkok, running at times 8 knots, but averaging 3 miles per hour. Near the coast of Western Australia, the cargo spontaneously combusts; the crew attempts to smother the fire. They attempt to flood the fire with water, but they cannot fill the hull. One hundred and ninety miles out from the gases in the hull explode and blow up the deck; the Judea hails a passing steamer, the Sommerville, which agrees to tow the wounded ship to Anjer or Batavia.
Captain Beard intends to scuttle the Judea there to put out the fire, resurface her and resume the voyage to Bangkok. However, the speed of the Sommerville fans the smoldering fire into flames; the crew of the Judea is forced to send the steamer on without them while they attempt to save most of the ship's gear for the underwriters. The gear is loaded into three small boats. Before the crew leaves the Judea, they enjoy a last meal on deck. Marlow becomes skipper of the smallest of the ship's three boats. All the boats make it safely into a Java port, where they book passage on the steamer Celestial, on her return trip to England; the story is loosely based upon reality. One of Conrad's pen-pals, or friends, discovered the secret of the port at which the boats called: the port was Muntok. Conrad became angry with him, calling Muntok'a beastly hole'; the boats of the real ship reached the safety only after several hours, Marlow was a bit younger than Conrad, etc. 1898 – Conrad begins writing "Youth" 3 June 1898 – Conrad finishes writing "Youth" September 1898 – "Youth" is first published in Blackwood's Magazine 13 November 1902 – the book volume Youth: a Narrative, Two Other Stories is published by William Blackwood – contained the stories "Heart of Darkness" and "The End of the Tether" 1903 – First American edition was published by McClure, Phillips 1917 – Second British edition was published by J. M. Dent 1921 – William Heinemann brought out Youth: A Narrative.
Joseph Conrad's a narrative.
Edmund Spenser was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, is considered one of the greatest poets in the English language, though now known for his anti-Irish bigotry. Edmund Spenser was born in East Smithfield, around the year 1552, though there is still some ambiguity as to the exact date of his birth, his parenthood is obscure, but he was the son of John Spenser, a journeyman clothmaker. As a young boy, he was educated in London at the Merchant Taylors' School and matriculated as a sizar at Pembroke College, Cambridge. While at Cambridge he became a friend of Gabriel Harvey and consulted him, despite their differing views on poetry. In 1578, he became for a short time secretary to Bishop of Rochester. In 1579, he published The Shepheardes Calender and around the same time married his first wife, Machabyas Childe, they had two children and Katherine.
In July 1580, Spenser went to Ireland in service of the newly appointed Lord Deputy, Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton. Spenser served under Lord Gray with Walter Raleigh at the Siege of Smerwick massacre; when Lord Grey was recalled to England, Spenser stayed on in Ireland, having acquired other official posts and lands in the Munster Plantation. Raleigh acquired other nearby Munster estates confiscated in the Second Desmond Rebellion; some time between 1587 and 1589, Spenser acquired his main estate at Kilcolman, near Doneraile in North Cork. He bought a second holding to the south, at Rennie, on a rock overlooking the river Blackwater in North Cork, its ruins are still visible today. A short distance away grew a tree, locally known as "Spenser's Oak" until it was destroyed in a lightning strike in the 1960s. Local legend has it. In 1590, Spenser brought out the first three books of his most famous work, The Faerie Queene, having travelled to London to publish and promote the work, with the assistance of Raleigh.
He was successful enough to obtain a life pension of £50 a year from the Queen. He hoped to secure a place at court through his poetry, but his next significant publication boldly antagonised the queen's principal secretary, Lord Burghley, through its inclusion of the satirical Mother Hubberd's Tale, he returned to Ireland. In 1591, Spenser published a translation in verse of Joachim Du Bellay's sonnets, Les Antiquités de Rome, published in 1558. Spenser's version, Ruines of Rome: by Bellay, may have been influenced by Latin poems on the same subject, written by Jean or Janis Vitalis and published in 1576. By 1594, Spenser's first wife had died, in that year he married Elizabeth Boyle, much younger than him, originated from Northamptonshire his native county, he addressed to her the sonnet sequence Amoretti. The marriage itself was celebrated in Epithalamion, they had a son named Peregrine. In 1596, Spenser wrote; this piece, in the form of a dialogue, circulated in manuscript, remaining unpublished until the mid-seventeenth century.
It is probable that it was kept out of print during the author's lifetime because of its inflammatory content. The pamphlet argued that Ireland would never be "pacified" by the English until its indigenous language and customs had been destroyed, if necessary by violence. In 1598, during the Nine Years' War, Spenser was driven from his home by the native Irish forces of Aodh Ó Néill, his castle at Kilcolman was burned, Ben Jonson, who may have had private information, asserted that one of his infant children died in the blaze. In the year after being driven from his home, 1599, Spenser travelled to London, where he died at the age of forty-six – "for want of bread", according to Ben Jonson – one of Jonson's more doubtful statements, since Spenser had a payment to him authorised by the government and was due his pension, his coffin was carried to his grave in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey by other poets, who threw many pens and pieces of poetry into his grave with many tears. His second wife remarried twice.
His sister Sarah, who had accompanied him to Ireland, married into the Travers family, her descendants were prominent landowners in Cork for centuries. Thomas Fuller, in Worthies of England, included a story where the Queen told her treasurer, William Cecil, to pay Spenser one hundred pounds for his poetry; the treasurer, objected that the sum was too much. She said, "Then give him what is reason". Without receiving his payment in due time, Spenser gave the Queen this quatrain on one of her progresses: She ordered the treasurer pay Spenser the original £100; this story seems to have attached itself to Spenser from Thomas Churchyard, who had difficulty in getting payment of his pension, the only other pension Elizabeth awarded to a poet. Spenser seems to have had no difficulty in receiving payment when it was due as the pension was being collected for him by his publisher, Ponsonby; the Shepheardes Calender is Edmund Spenser's first major work, which appeared in 1579. It emulates Virgil's Eclogues of the first century BCE and the Eclogues of Mantuan by Baptista Mantuanus, a late medieval, early renaissance poet.
An eclogue is a short pastoral poem, in the form of a dialogue or soliloquy. Although all the months together form an entire year, each month stands alone as a separate poem. Editions of the late 16th and early 17th centuries include woodcuts for each month/poem, thereby have a slight similarity to an emblem book which combines a number of
The Inheritors (Conrad and Ford novel)
The Inheritors: An Extravagant Story is a quasi-science fiction novel on which Ford Madox Ford and Joseph Conrad collaborated. It looks at society's mental evolution and what is gained and lost in the process. Written before the first World War, its themes of corruption and the effect of the 20th Century on British aristocracy appeared to predict history, it was first published in London by William Heinemann and the same year in New York by McClure, Phillips & Co. In the novel, the metaphor of the "fourth dimension" is used to explain a societal shift from a generation of people who have traditional values of interdependence, being overtaken by a modern generation who believe in expediency, callously using political power to bring down the old order, its narrator is an aspiring writer who himself makes a similar transition at a personal level only to feel he has lost everything. The inheritors are a breed of cold materialists, calling themselves Fourth Dimensionists, whose task is to occupy the earth.
An unsuccessful English writer meets a fascinating woman by chance. She claims to be from the Fourth Dimension and a major player in a plan to "inherit the earth", they go their separate ways with her pledge they will meet again. At their next meeting, the woman reveals her "identity" and two others in their circle, one a cabinet minister and Fox, the editor of a new paper – all of them competing with each other, she has taken on his name and pretends to be his sister, invading firstly his down-on-their-luck aristocratic family by financing improvements to their estate, until she moves with his aunt, to Paris. Each time she turns up, she is in greater connection with prominent political people and appears more dazzlingly beautiful and more desirable to Arthur; the authors introduce the story via science fiction tropes such as the uncanny – coincidences, ESP, unearthly lighting effects, distorted visions, supernatural aural frequencies and scenes dissolving into another – pointing to the underlying threat of instability that drives the novel.
The story is told through the eyes of Arthur, a writer turned journalist who feels he is compromising his art. Although Arthur at first holds to high ideals, he moves away from them because he wants to be a somebody. After first compromising his work, obsessed with the woman, he is seduced into thinking that he has a chance with her, he further believes he has a choice between being phased out without making his mark or being "one of them", one of the inner circle who inherits power along with Them. She chooses him for his weaknesses: his sense of failure and impotence as a writer with a need for significance. While her reasons for bringing Arthur into play are not clear at first, they are complex. Arthur is her tool for bringing down her opponent. For the authors, Arthur serves as an observer and an experiment at the hands of the Dimensionists, proving their effectiveness on an individual's psyche; the story is a Machiavellian labyrinth involving the British Government's tenuous support for a railway baron, a bid to annex Greenland, a tilt at party leadership.
Themes of unrealised potential, the cold-blooded manoeuvering, the upward climb of the influential mystery woman, fictionalise the intricacies and interactions of class and power in Britain at the time. Two contrasting mindsets of society are delineated by generational values or lack of them and the changes they portend for the everyday people they rule. By chance Arthur is offered a job writing "atmospheric" pieces for a new journal put together by an editor, a well-respected writer and a Minister for Defence. Although Fox is a Fourth Dimensionist, his group represents the more humanitarian version of the Dimension threesome. Arthur is to write about celebrities. In this way, through his own sense of superiority and lack of sympathy for others, he is drawn into the machinery of politics and the players who aim to inherit the earth. Although he thinks of ways to expose their plan and tries to warn others such as his aunt and Churchill against the woman and Them, he is outwitted; as her brother, people see it as sibling rivalry, contaminated by jealousy, ambition.
His every move outmatched, Arthur lapses into passivity on that front. Instead he tries to win her favour. Using the ploy of hinting that she cares, the woman leads Arthur into believing there's hope if he can impress her; the ailing and exhausted Fox admits his own defeated position, trusting him with editorial power for a few hours. The climax comes when Arthur has the chance to insert an article that would avert history, to stop the presses at The Hour, but with a desire to show how much he is like her kind, to earn her favour, he decides not to. He learns to his dismay that he did just what he was meant to do, undermine Fox – Gurnard's opponent – that he never had a place in her scheme, has betrayed anyone who would have meant anything to him, such as Churchill and Fox. Learning she is marrying a triumphant Gurnard, realising there is no going back and no future for him, he has a minor breakdown at his Club, where people speak of him as "the one they got at"; the Inheritors contains the themes that preoccupied both its authors in their respective bodies of work.
Themes of universality and the corruptibility of human nature, isolation, self-deception, the outworkings of a character's flaws are signatures found throughout most of Joseph Conrad's writings. In Ford Madox Ford's work, both The Good Soldier and Parade's End published much later
Almayer's Folly, published in 1895, is Joseph Conrad's first novel. Set in the late 19th century, it centres on the life of the Dutch trader Kaspar Almayer in the Borneo jungle and his relationship to his mixed heritage daughter Nina. Almayer’s Folly is about a poor businessman who dreams of finding a hidden gold mine and becoming wealthy, he is a white European, married to a native Malayan. He fails to find the goldmine, comes home saddened, he had heard that the British were to conquer the Pantai River, he had built a large, lavish house near where he resided at the time, in order to welcome the invaders. However, the conquest never took place, the house remained unfinished; some passing Dutch seamen had called the house “Almayer’s Folly”. Now, Almayer continually goes out for long trips, but he stops doing so and stays home with his hopeless daydreams of riches and splendor, his native wife loathes him for this. One day, a Malayan prince, Dain Maroola, came to see Almayer about trading, while there he falls in love with Nina.
Mrs. Almayer kept arranging meetings for Dain, she wanted them to marry so her daughter could stay native, because she was distrustful of the white men and their ways. Dain vowed to return to help Almayer find the gold mine; when he does return, he goes straight to Lakamba, a Malayan rajah, told him that he found the gold mine and that some Dutchmen had captured his ship. The rajah tells him to kill Almayer before the Dutch arrive because he is not needed to find the gold now; the following morning, an unidentifiable native corpse is found floating in the river, wearing an ankle bracelet similar to Dain’s. Almayer was distraught. Mrs. Almayer planned to smuggle Dain away from the Dutch, so he would not be arrested, she snuck Nina away from her father, drinking with the Dutch. When he awoke from his drunken stupor, a native slave girl told him where Nina had run away to, Almayer tracked her to Dain’s hiding place. Nina refused to go back to avoid the slurs of all the white society. During all this arguing, the slave girl had informed the Dutch of Dain’s whereabouts.
Almayer said that he could never forgive Nina but would help them escape by taking them to the mouth of the river, where a canoe would rescue them from the Dutch. After they had escaped, Almayer erased the lover’s footprints, went back to his house. Mrs. Almayer ran away to the rajah for protection. All alone, Almayer broke all his furniture in his home office, piled it in the center of the room, burned it, along with his entire house, to the ground, he spent the rest of his days in "Folly". He died there; as Conrad's earliest novel, Almayer's Folly is seen by critics as inferior to the author's work because of its repetitive and at times awkward language. However, recent critics have paid more attention to Conrad's depiction of Nina as a self-determined female non-European character along with Aissa from Joseph Conrad's second novel, An Outcast of the Islands. A French-Belgian adaptation was made in 2011 directed by Chantal Akerman, with filming started in November 2010, it was released on September the next year.
A Malaysian film adaption of the novel is produced under the title Hanyut and directed by U-Wei Haji Saari and starring Peter O'Brien as Kasper Almayer. The film was planned to be released after production finished in 2012, but it had to be postponed due to lack of funding for marketing and local distribution until it is slated for screening on 24 November 2016. Joseph Conrad, Almayer's Folly: A Story of an Eastern River, Random House, 1996. Almayer's at Project Gutenberg Almayer's Folly public domain audiobook at LibriVox
Romance is a novel written by Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford. It was the second of their three collaborations. Romance was published by George Bell and Sons in London in 1903 and by McClure, Phillips in New York in March 1904. According to Max Saunders, Conrad, in his quest to obtain a literary collaborator, had been recommended by several literary figures. W. E. Henley pointed to Ford as a suitable choice for Conrad. Literary collaboration was not uncommon when Conrad proposed it to Ford, but neither was it considered the proper way for serious novelists, as Ford was aware: "The critics of our favoured land do not believe in collaboration." The novel was adapted into the film The Road to Romance. In his biography of Conrad, Joseph Conrad: A Personal Remembrance, Ford alleges that some opponents and critics did not hold the same reverence for his "literary friendship" with Conrad as that which he maintained, but his bond with Conrad had been "for its lack of jealousy a beautiful thing." Indeed, Ford took the position that he gave Conrad some benefit as a bonding partner, writing: "I was useful to Conrad as a writer and as a man in a great many subordinate ways during his early days of struggle and deep poverty..."
In an unpublished section, he withheld a frank passage of confession about his team writer where he contradicts the argument that Conrad "chose to live on terms of intimacy with a parasitic person", stating that such an accusation was as damaging to himself as it was to Conrad. Ford continued in the same vein about the choices open to Conrad, defending himself from criticism and showing awareness of the psychology behind co-writing: …"if he chose to consult the person as to the most private details of his personal life and – what is still more important – as to the form and the wording of his books, – if he chose for this intimacy a person of a parasitic type, he was less upright a man than might reasonably be supposed... And less of a psychologist."A critic and friend of Ford, R. A. Scott-James, reveals in an introduction to one of Ford's works, rather unbelievably, that Ford had spiritedly claimed to have taught Conrad English. Ford made a number of claims about Conrad that may not have been true.
The writers' wives were involved behind the scenes in the collaborations to the despair of Ford, who omitted any mention of Jessie Conrad in his biography. Conrad and Ford agreed upon a collaboration on Seraphina, a novel that Ford had begun work on. Conrad wrote to Ford encouraging him to visit: "Come when you like... You will always find me here. I would be pleased to hear Seraphina read. I would afterwards read it myself. Consult your own convenience and your own whim. It's the only thing worth deferring to."Another instance where making objections to collaborating occurred when Conrad wrote to Galsworthy commenting: "I am drooping still. Working at Seraphina. Bosh! Horrors!” and again after a further bonding session Conrad wrote that Ford’s visit had left him "half dead and crawled into bed for two days". After the collaboration on Romance was finished, it appears that in 1902 Conrad began to feel a sense of loss over working with Ford for he asked him to keep their partnership alive; the relationship between Ford and Conrad broke down in 1909, over specific and personal squabbles, including the financial arrangements to enable Ford to publish Conrad's Some Reminiscences.
They spoke less frequently. The text of Romance itself sometimes reflects the reactions of Conrad to taft of the novel. Any writer, Conrad said, "who could take hold of such a theme and not, gripping it by the throat, extract from it every drop of blood and glamour" can only be a "criminal." On hearing Ford read aloud from his first draft, who "began to groan and writhe in his chair", felt that Ford had failed to extract the maximum effect from the potential of the story outline. A clear statement of the closeness of their working styles, despite a frenetic literary environment, appears in Ford's letter to Olive Garnett: "Conrad has a considerable influence on me; the collaborative work is quite different from either of our personal works, but it takes a sufficiently decided line of its own... Paradoxical as it may sound our temperaments are extraordinarily similar, we speak as nearly in each other's language as it is possible for two inhabitants of this Babel to do." Brebach, Raymond. 1985. Joseph Conrad, Ford Madox Ford, the Making of Romance.
Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press. ISBN 0-8357-1613-9Geoffrey Clarke "Over His Shoulder". ISBN 1-85634-203-4 https://geoffrey-clarke.000webhostapp.com https://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=geoffrey%20clarke%20rider&sprefix=geoff%2Caps&rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3Ageoffrey%20clarke%20rider https://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=geoffrey+clarke+lingering&rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3Ageoffrey+clarke+lingering https://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=geoffrey+clarke+over&rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3Ageoffrey+clarke+over http://res.oxfordjournals.org/content/XLVII/185/123.full.pdf Romance at Project Gutenberg Max Saunders, at Kings College London