Royal Brompton Hospital
Royal Brompton Hospital is the largest specialist heart and lung medical centre in the United Kingdom. It is managed by Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust which manages Harefield Hospital near Uxbridge. In the 19th century, consumption was a common word for tuberculosis. At the time consumptive patients were turned away from other hospitals. Hospitals that dealt with such diseases came to be known as sanatoria, it was estimated in 1844 that of the 60,000 deaths each year in England and Wales caused by diseases, some 36,000 were caused by consumption. The hospital was founded in the 1840s by Philip Rose, the first meeting to establish the Hospital was on 8 March 1841, it was to be known as The Hospital for Diseases of the Chest. It amalgamated on 25 May 1841 with The West London Dispensary for Diseases of the Chest, based at 83 Wells Street, near Oxford Street. On 28 March 1842, an out-patients branch of the hospital was opened at 20 Great Marlborough Street; that year they acquired a lease on their first building for in-patients at The Manor House, which held space for 20 beds and the first in-patients were admitted on 13 September 1842.
Admittance was to be by the customary method of recommendation by the Governors and subscribers. In common with other hospitals at the time, the hospital was to be financed from charitable donations and fund raising. Rose travelled the country to explain the aims of the hospital, setting up 14 provincial associations, 157 churches promised to preach special sermons as a means of fund raising; the famous singer, Jenny Lind gave concerts, including one at Her Majesty's Theatre in July 1848, which raised £1,606. Besides Philip Rose, the early supporters included Queen Victoria, who became a patron, with an annual subscription of £10; the area known as Brompton was no more than a village surrounded by market gardens, but developed in the 1840s. The hospital acquired a market garden site there from a charity to erect a new hospital, with the architect being Frederick John Francis; the stone laying for the west wing was on 11 June 1844 by the Prince Consort. One of the features of the building was the inclusion of ventilation by forced warm air in an attempt to create a temperature more found in more southern latitudes.
The total cost for the west wing and part of the centre was £11,762. The first admission of patients was in 1846, whilst the east wing was completed in 1852; the medical committee of the hospital commissioned a small sanatorium in Bournemouth, designed by E B Lamb and opened as the Royal National Sanatorium for Diseases of the Chest in 1855. The hospital acquired houses on the south side of the Brompton Road in 1868 with a plan to connect to the main building with a tunnel, completed in 1872; the hospital continued to purchase houses on the south side and developed the site to become the south block of the Brompton, formally opened by the President of the Corporation, The Earl of Derby on 13 June 1882. Without the bequest of Miss Cordelia Angelica Read of some £100,000 the hospital may never have been built; the building was in an "E" shape and constructed of red Ancaster stone. The basement contained a compressed air room and a Turkish bath There were facilities for a large outpatients department, rooms for resident staff and a lecture room and ten wards holding from 1 to 8 beds.
The total cost was said to be £65,976. On 13 September 1900 the Royal Brompton Hospital acquired 20 acres of planted forestry at Chobham Ridge, 2 miles from Frimley Railway Station for £3,900; the hospital was built with four wings in the shape of a cross. The formal opening of the sanatorium was on 25 June 1904 with the ceremony performed by the Prince of Wales, but because of unresolved problems regarding heating and staff the first patients were not admitted until March 1905. Marcus Paterson, a house physician at the Brompton from 1901, accepted a post at Frimley in 1905, becoming the Medical Superintendent in January 1906. Paterson was known to say, "it would make them more resistant to the disease by improving their physical condition." To this end he introduced what was one of the first attempts at systematic rehabilitation, which involved patients in undertaking physical labour. The Sanitorium remained open as a outpatient site for mental health care into the 21st century, it closed in 2014 and the site was sold for housing development.
The Royal Brompton Hospital was extensively damaged by German bombing during the Second World War. A major research centre was created for the hospital on a site occupied by St Wilfred's Convent in Cale Street in 1985; the National Institute for Health Research established a Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit at Royal Brompton Hospital in July 2010 and a Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit there in November 2010. In November 2011, the Royal Brompton Hospital was named as one of only five hospitals in the country that will offer extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation to adults in an initiative that positions England as one of the leading countries in the world for the provision of this treatment. Notable physicians and nurses associated with the hospital include: James Laidlaw Maxwell, Physician John Scott Burdon-Sanderson, Physician R. F. Patrick Cronin Cardiologist Sir William Fergusson, FRS, Consulting Surgeon, 1843–1876 Malcolm Green, Physician Sir Richard Quain, Physician, 1848–1855 Robert Knox, Physician, 1856–1862 Sir Joseph Lister, Consulting-Surgeon, 1891–1912 Ivan Magill, anaesthetist, 1921- David Southall
Royal Marsden Hospital
The Royal Marsden Hospital is a specialist cancer treatment hospital in London based in Brompton, next to the Royal Brompton Hospital, in Fulham Road with a second site in Belmont, close to Sutton Hospital, High Down and Downview Prisons. It is managed by the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust; the Royal Marsden was the first hospital in the world dedicated to the study and treatment of cancer. It was founded as the Free Cancer Hospital in 1851 by Cannon Row, Westminster. Marsden affected by the death of his wife Elizabeth Ann from cancer, resolved to classify tumours, research the causes and find new treatments; the hospital at first consisted of a dispensary and the drugs prescribed were palliative and aimed at treating symptoms, but it allowed William Marsden the opportunity to study and research the disease. The hospital outgrew its original premises as it became apparent that some patients required inpatient care, it moved locations several times during the 1850s until its benefactors decided to find a permanent solution.
Funds were raised to build a dedicated new building on a tract of land in Brompton along the Fulham Road. The design was by Messrs John Son; the hospital was granted its Royal Charter of Incorporation by King George V in 1910 and became known as The Cancer Hospital. This was subsequently changed by King Edward VIII to include the word ‘Royal’ and in 1954 the hospital was renamed The Royal Marsden Hospital in recognition of the vision and commitment of its founder; when the National Health Service was formed, in 1948, the Royal Marsden became a post-graduate teaching hospital. In response to the need to expand to treat more patients and train more doctors, a second hospital in Sutton, London was opened in 1962. On 2 January 2008, just before 1:30pm, a fire broke out in a plant room on the top floor of the hospital, which led to the evacuation of all patients and staff from the unit; the entire roof of the Chelsea Wing of the hospital was burned through, the top floor was affected. Five operating theatres and at least two wards were put out of action.
The smoke was visible for miles around. In addition to the evacuation of 200 staff and outpatients, 79 inpatients - 37 of them bedded - were moved to a local church and the neighbouring Royal Brompton Hospital, some being carried on hospital mattresses by a team of emergency services and doctors. Two patients were still undergoing surgery in the operating theatres in the basement and had to be evacuated. Full-care was resumed by RM medical staff who re-assembled on the wards of The Royal Brompton. A hospital official said that damage was less than thought and BBC reports the day after the fire stated that out-patients would be seen on the following Monday and that research documentation had not been lost; when the fire was at its peak, 125 firefighters and 16 ambulances were in attendance. Two members of staff suffered slight smoke inhalation but there were no other casualties or injuries, they were taken to the nearby Westminster Hospital A&E department. The outpatients department and radiotherapy unit reopened on Monday 7 January.
That week, inpatients were admitted back to The Royal Marsden from their temporary location at The Royal Brompton. London Fire Brigade received. Over the period of the fire 111 fire appliances attended and 56 officers including the assistant commissioner; the original buildings on the Sutton site were first used as the Banstead Road branch of the South Metropolitan District School, a'district' school for children of workhouse inmates in south London. In the 1890s, girls were kept at the Banstead Road site and boys were kept at a site in Brighton Road, built in 1851; the Brighton Road site became Belmont workhouse and Belmont Psychiatric hospital, before being demolished in the 1980s. The Banstead Road site became a sanatorium, before the southern half of the site was acquired by Royal Marsden in 1962. List of NHS trusts Cancer in the United Kingdom The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust Site summary information on The Royal Marsden on www.nhs.uk Site summary information on The Royal Marsden on www.nhs.uk
Fulham Road is a street in London, which comprises the A304 and part of the A308. Fulham Road runs from the A219 in the centre of Fulham, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, through Chelsea to Brompton Road Knightsbridge which continues to the A4 in Brompton, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, it is designated the A304 as far as its junction with the A308 road at Gunter Grove, where the A308 forms the eastern section of the street. Fulham Road is parallel to King's Road, is the westerly continuation of Brompton Road running up to Fulham Palace. There are numerous antique dealers and specialist interior furnishing shops, while designer couture outlets have begun to arrive at the eastern end; the section nearest the cinema is known as The Beach, is home to various trendy bars and clubs. The nearest underground stations are: Gloucester Road. Fulham Road is known for the following landmarks: Stamford Bridge football ground, home of Chelsea F. C; the first Habitat store, opened by Terence Conran on 11 May 1964 Cineworld Cinema Fulham Broadway Underground station Fulham Town Hall Chelsea and Westminster Hospital Royal Brompton Hospital Royal Marsden Hospital Michelin HouseAt the Fulham end of the street: Fulham Fire Station Fulham Palace Putney BridgeIt is the home of Chelsea's stadium, Stamford Bridge, which has an official capacity of 41,837.
Many Chelsea supporters travel to home games using Fulham Broadway Underground Station. Fulham Road is cited extensively on the Jethro Tull album A Passion Play, in the Morrissey song "Maladjusted". Sloane Ranger Vine and Bell Cottage Fulham Road
Sutton is the principal town of the London Borough of Sutton in South London, England. It lies on the lower slopes of the North Downs, is the administrative headquarters of the borough, it is 10.7 miles south-south west of Charing Cross, is one of the thirteen metropolitan centres in the London Plan. An ancient parish in the county of Surrey, Sutton is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as having two churches and about 30 houses, its location on the London to Brighton turnpike from 1755 led to the opening of coaching inns, spurring its growth as a village. When it was connected to central London by rail in 1847, it began to grow into a town, it expanded further in the 20th century, it became a municipal borough with Cheam in 1934, became part of Greater London in 1965. Sutton has the largest library in the borough, several works of public art and four conservation areas, it is home to a number of large international companies and the sixth most important shopping area in London, centred on Sutton High Street.
Sutton railway station is the borough's largest, with frequent services to central London and other destinations. Sutton is a hub for filming in south London, it is home to the Royal Marsden Hospital and the Institute of Cancer Research, where there are plans to create the world's second biggest cancer research campus. Crime levels are among the lowest in London. Sutton borough is among the highest performing education authorities in the country. In 2011 it was the top performing borough for GCSE results in England; the placename Sutton is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book as Sudtone. It is formed from Old English'sūth' and'tūn', meaning'south farm'. Archaeological finds in the region date back thousands of years, including the excavation of a Roman villa in Beddington. An implement from the neolithic age was found in Sutton town centre; the Roman road of Stane Street formed part of the northern boundary of the parish. Sutton was recorded as Sudtone in a charter of Chertsey Abbey believed to date from the late 7th century, when the Manor was granted to the Abbot of Chertsey by Frithwald, Governor of Surrey.
Some sources state the name as Sudtana. The 1086 Domesday Book records Sutton as spanning about 800 acres, having about 30 houses and 200 people, it states. In 1538 it was granted to Sir Nicholas Carew of Beddington; when Sir Nicholas was sentenced to death, the King seized the manor. Queen Mary restored it to son of Sir Nicholas, it became a Crown possession again until King Charles II granted it to the Duke of Portland, who sold it in 1669. It changed hands thereafter. From the time of Domesday until the 19th century, Sutton formed a parish in the Wallington hundred of Surrey in the feudal system; the road from London to Banstead Downs, through Sutton, was a haven for highwaymen in the 18th century. In 1755, two turnpike roads, which met at Sutton, were built: one from London to Brighton, the other from Carshalton to Ewell; the toll bars for the roads were located by the Cock Hotel, a coaching inn at the junction. The inn's sign straddled the Brighton road; the London to Brighton stagecoach began in 1760, the Cock Hotel was the 9am stop for coaches leaving the city.
Regular contact beyond the town brought sophistication. Small businesses opened up, at first related to travelers and to provide goods for neighbouring areas; the toll bars moved away from the junction as Sutton expanded, remaining in use until 1882. Sutton railway station was opened in 1847. Following the arrival of the new, fast link to central London, Sutton's population more than doubled between 1851 and 1861, the village became a town. New housing was built in the Lind Road area, called "New Town". A pub built in 1854 on the corner of Lind Road was named the Jenny Lind, after the famous Swedish opera singer Johanna Maria Lind, visiting friends in the area in 1847 and enchanted locals with her singing, it has been renamed the Nightingale after the singer, known as the Swedish Nightingale. In about 1852 a residential school was built alongside the Sutton to Epsom Downs railway near Brighton Road; the building was designed by Edwin Nash and contained administrative, dining and teaching areas.
Boys were taught manual skills like shoemaking and metal working. Girls were taught such skills as needle work, laundry work, ironing with a view to making them good servants and mothers. Up to 1856, when large parts of it were destroyed by fire, the boys’ and girls’ sections were on the same site but after 1856 the girls’ were moved into a new building on the other side of the railway in Banstead Road. Sutton Water Company was incorporated in 1863, the provision of water mains allowed houses to be built outside the Thanet Sands area; the Lord of the Manor, Mr Thomas Alcock, sold land for housing, Sutton's population more than doubled again between 1861 and 1871, spurred by the development of upmarket Benhilton in north Sutton. The High Street near the top was known as Cock Hill until the 1880s – the shops on the east side were built in 1880, ten years after those on the west side; the grand and decorative London and Provincial Bank building was built overlooking the historic crossroads in 1894.
It is four storeys tall and a prominent landmark. There is a series of arches at ground level, an ornate entrance where the roads meet. In 1884 Sutton High School for Girls was founded by the Girls' Public Day School Trust. In 1899 Sutton County Grammar School opened. In 1897 Sutton Masonic Hall was built in Grove Road. Freemasons have met there since its
Health Service Journal
Health Service Journal is a news service which covers the British National Health Service, healthcare management and health policy. The Poor Law Officers' Journal was established in 1892. In 1930 it changed its name after the passing of the Local Government Act 1929 to the Public Assistance Journal and Health and Hospital Review in 1948 it became the Hospital and Social Service Journal. In 1963 it became the Hospital and Social Service Review, in 1973 the Health and Social Service Journal and the Health Service Journal in 1986. HSJ was commercially published from 1997, it was part of a group of business-to-business titles published by the Emap group, purchased by the Guardian Media Group in 2008. In 2016, HSJ announced giving insight into every NHS sector and region. In January 2017 the title was bought by Wilmington plc for £19 million. Aimed at "healthcare leaders", HSJ is read among managers in the NHS in England, it covers a range of subject areas including commissioning, finance, mental health and technology.
In 2014 HSJ launched HSJ Intelligence, aimed at suppliers looking to understand their NHS partners and prospects. In 2016 HSJ launched HSJ Solutions, this platform provides validated best practice case studies in the NHS, it contains winning entries from all three awards programmes. Content is available via individual or bu organisation subscriptions. Events HSJ runs 15 events annually where attendees gain insight from a group of senior healthcare figures on topics ranging from mental to healthcare policy; the HSJ Awards recognise and celebrate excellence and innovation in the NHS, showcasing the service's most influential leaders and workforce projects and their innovations. At the 2013 Professional Publishers' Association awards editor Alastair McLellan was named editor of the year in the business media category. In 2014 HSJ was named PPA business magazine of the year. In 2014 HSJ was named PPA business magazine of the year. In 2017, HSJ won best online media property or brand: B2B and HSJ Solutions won best digital launch at the AOP Digital Publishing Awards.
In the same, year the Professional Publishers Association awarded HSJ Solutions, Digital Innovation Of The Year at the PPA Awards. Health Service Journal
Belmont is a village at the southern end of the town of Sutton in the southwest London Borough of Sutton, England. It is located off the A217 road and near to Banstead Downs in Surrey, it is a suburban development situated 10.8 miles south-southwest of Charing Cross. Belmont did not exist until the late 19th-century. Belmont railway station opened in May 1865 and was called'California Station', named after the California Arms public house on the opposite side of Brighton Road, built by John Gibbons in 1858; the station was renamed'Belmont' in 1875, the name was attached to the village that emerged subsequently. The original pub was damaged by German bombing in the Second World War; the new building, built on the site in 1955, was known as "The California" changed to'The Belmont', but in 2014, under new management, reverted to its original name of'The California'. St. John's Church stands near the end of the small High Street; the village of Belmont owed its development to the presence of Banstead Asylum.
Although located in the parish of Banstead, the asylum was much closer to the village and railway station of Belmont than those of Banstead. The site is now occupied by HM Prison High Down. Belmont Hospital was a psychiatric hospital, it was demolished in the 1980s. The site is now occupied by the'Belmont Heights' housing development, situated to the west of Brighton Road, to the north of Belmont village. Belmont Hospital opened after the Second World War; the premises had fulfilled a number of different institutional purposes. For example, during World War II it was used as an emergency hospital for military and civilian casualties, including psychiatric cases; the oldest buildings on the site, built in the early 1850s, had been a large Poor Law residential'district' school belonging to the South Metropolitan Schools District. This institution catered for pauper children from several parishes in south-east London. Along with its nearby annex site, built in 1884 in Cotswold Road, this establishment closed in 1902.
The premises at both sites were acquired by the Metropolitan Asylums Board. Some of the buildings of the Cotswold Road site still exist; the Royal Marsden Hospital is a specialist cancer treatment hospital. It is an NHS Foundation Trust, operates facilities on two sites, including one in Belmont, Sutton; the original buildings on the site were first used as the Banstead Road branch of the South Metropolitan District School, a'district' school for children of workhouse inmates in south London. In the 1890s, girls were kept at the Banstead Road site and boys were kept at a site in Brighton Road, built in 1851; the Brighton Road site became Belmont workhouse and Belmont Psychiatric hospital, before being demolished in the 1980s. The Banstead Road site became a sanatorium, before the southern half of the site was acquired by Royal Marsden in 1962; the Institute of Cancer Research is a public research institute and university located on two London sites and specialised in oncology. It was founded in 1909 as a research department of the Royal Marsden Hospital.
It established its Belmont, Sutton campus site in 1956. It joined the University of London in 2003. Sutton Hospital In addition to Belmont Park, Belmont contains two Local Nature Reserves. Cuddington Meadows is a Grade I Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation; the site was shown as two enclosures on the open Banstead Downs on an early nineteenth century map, it was part of Walnut Tree Farm, which became Cuddington Hospital in 1897. The hospital closed in 1984, in the late 1990s the land was transferred to Sutton Council to be managed for nature conservation, it is chalk grassland with some scrub. Its most important feature is a variety of unusual flowering plants, including greater knapweed, lady's bedstraw and field scabious. Belmont Pastures is a Grade II Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, it is a long narrow triangle north of Belmont railway station. It is an old meadow which belonged to Belmont Hospital. Just to the south of the village is Banstead Downs, which extends for around a mile further south towards neighbouring Banstead, Surrey.
Banstead Downs is a large Site of Special Scientific Interest. Banstead Golf Course is on the northern slopes. Station Road is the main commercial street of Belmont Village, containing a range of independent shops and restaurants, it runs for about a quarter of a mile from Belmont Station in the east to St John's Church in the west. One mile to the north lies the larger economic centre of Sutton. Sutton to the north Cheam to the west Banstead, Surrey to the south Carshalton to the east Belmont railway station is on the Sutton to Epsom Downs branchline and the London Victoria to Epsom Downs line, it is part of the Sutton & Mole Valley Line services of the Southern rail operating company, is in London Travelcard Zone 5. TFL Buses run in this area. James Hunt, World Formula One motor-racing champion 1976. Lord Judd former director of Oxfam; as Frank Judd he was MP for constituencies in Portsmouth from 1966 to 1979. Don Lusher and jazz band leader Lord Ritchie-Calder and environment expert Lionel Tertis, viola-player Barry Wordsworth, orchestral conductor – music director.
David Bellamy Botanist and academic. Belmont: A Century Ago by Roland Sparkes, published December 2009. Paperback. ISBN 978-0-9563424-0-9.. This is first book dedicated to the history of the village; the introductory chapter provides a resume of Belmont's history and development in the
Chelsea is an affluent area of West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour, its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea; the district is within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, although Chelsea gives its name to nearby locations, such as Chelsea Harbour in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, Chelsea Barracks in the City of Westminster. From 1900, until the creation of Greater London in 1965, it formed the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea in the County of London; the exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has resulted in the term Sloane Ranger being used to describe its residents.
Since 2011, Channel 4 has broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the lives of affluent young people living there. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea residents being born in the U. S; the word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for "landing place for chalk or limestone". Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD; the first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King's Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor, gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, it passed into private ownership. By 1086 the Domesday Book records that Chelsea was in the hundred of Ossulstone in Middlesex, with Edward of Salisbury as tenant-in-chief. King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536. Two of King Henry's wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House.
In 1609 James I established a theological college, "King James's College at Chelsey" on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682. By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, once described as "a village of palaces" – had a population of 3,000. So, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis; the street crossing, known as Little Chelsea, Park Walk, linked Fulham Road to King's Road and continued to the Thames and local ferry down Lover's Lane, renamed "Milmans Street" in the 18th century. King's Road, named for Charles II, recalls the King's private road from St James's Palace to Fulham, maintained until the reign of George IV. One of the more important buildings in King's Road, the former Chelsea Town Hall, popularly known as "Chelsea Old Town hall" – a fine neo-classical building – contains important frescoes.
Part of the building contains the Chelsea Public Library. Opposite stands the former Odeon Cinema, now Habitat, with its iconic façade which carries high upon it a large sculptured medallion of the now almost-forgotten William Friese-Greene, who claimed to have invented celluloid film and cameras in the 1880s before any subsequent patents. According to Encyclopædia Britannica, "the better residential portion of Chelsea is the eastern, near Sloane Street and along the river; this is no longer the case, although Council property do remain. The areas to the west attract high prices; this former fashionable village was absorbed into London during the eighteenth century. Many notable people of 18th century London, such as the bookseller Andrew Millar, were both married and buried in the district; the memorials in the churchyard of Chelsea Old Church, near the river, illustrate much of the history of Chelsea. These include Lady Dacre; the intended tomb Sir Thomas More erected for himself and his wives can be found there, though More is not in fact buried here.
In 1718, the Raw Silk Company was established in Chelsea Park, with mulberry trees and a hothouse for raising silkworms. At its height in 1723, it supplied silk to Caroline of Ansbach Princess of Wales. Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns, made from a long strip of sweet dough coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, topped with sugar; the Chelsea Bun House was patronised by the Georgian royalty. At Easter, great crowds would assemble on the open spaces of the Five Fields – subsequently developed as Belgravia; the Bun House would do a great trade in hot cross buns and sold about quarter of a million on its final Good Friday in 1839. The area was famous for its "Chelsea China" ware, though the works, the Chelsea porcelain factory – thought to be the first workshop to make porcelain in England – were sold in 1769, moved to Derby. Examples of the original Chelsea ware fetch high values; the best-known building is Chelsea R