Daphne du Maurier's novel Mary Anne is a fictionalised account of the real-life story of her great-grandmother, Mary Anne Clarke née Thompson. Mary Anne Clarke from 1803 to 1808 was mistress of the Duke of York and Albany, he was "The Grand Old Duke of York" of the nursery rhyme, a son of King George III and brother of the King George IV
The Loving Spirit
The Loving Spirit was the first novel of Daphne du Maurier and was published in 1931 by William Heinemann. The book takes its name from a poem by Emily Brontë. Daphne du Maurier began work on the book in October 1929 at Ferryside, the du Mauriers' holiday home in Bodinnick, Cornwall. Ferryside is close to opposite Fowey on the south coast of Cornwall; the novel tells the story of the Coombe family over four generations starting with Janet Coombe, Joseph Coombe, Christopher Coombe and Jennifer Coombe. The book is based on real events and places, but names are changed and Polruan becomes Plyn and the Slade family name becomes Coombe; the novel introduces Janet as a young woman. They have several children and the boys follow their father into the family business with the exception of Philip who becomes a clerk at the local shipping office and Joseph, who like Janet, longs to go to sea. Philip features in all chapters of the book and is portrayed as a dark force and distant from the rest of the family.
Fowey was a busy port at this time and Joseph serves his time on board a sea trading vessel. In time Joseph earns his master certificate and the family agree to build their own ship and name it the “Janet Coombe” which Joseph captains. Tragedy strikes; the book transitions to Joseph, who spends most of his time at sea, marries Susan Collins. His ambition for his youngest son, Christopher, is; these plans are thwarted when Christopher declares his hatred of the sea and a rift between father and son ensues. Christopher abandons the Janet Coombe while it was offloading in London and Joseph, distraught by this news, refuses to have anything more to do with Christopher. A rivalry with his brother Philip is fuelled by their courting of the same girl following the death of Joseph’s wife Susan. Joseph wins the girl's hand, but as failing sight prevents him from going to sea, he broods, becomes mentally unstable and his young wife dies in childbirth, he hears his dead mother Janet calling him and they meet at the castle ruin on the cliff, when he returns his brother Philip has him committed to an asylum.
Christopher returns to Cornwall with a wife and children, but his father Joseph has died at the time of his return. Christopher contacts his uncle Philip about the estate of his shares in the ship. Philip, who has risen to the head position in the shipping business, advises there is nothing left and the shares were used to pay the costs of the asylum. Philip has little to do with the boat building business or his relatives, but orders the refit to a ship and refuses to pay; this destroys the family business. At the end of the third part of the book Christopher dies trying to save the Janet Coombe when it is caught in bad weather near the harbour entrance, he saves the damaged boat at the cost of his life and he passes from the story calling out that he has conquered his fear of the sea. The Janet Coombe will never sail again; the fourth part of the book is about Jennifer Coombe, Christopher’s daughter. Taken from Plyn back to London by her mother, she grows up with a hunger to return to Plyn; this she does at age 19 and sets about seeking revenge against Philip for his cruel treatment of her father and grandfather.
Jennifer does this by befriending Philip, spending his accumulated wealth as as she can on renovations and other good causes. At the same time, she meets her distant cousin John at the place where the ship, the Janet Coombe, had been abandoned. On board the ship, she finds the unopened letters of her father Christopher to his father; the book ends with Philip trying to murder Jennifer. Jennifer is rescued by John and they go on to marry at Lanteglos church; the end of the book echoes the opening chapter of Janet Coombe's wedding day. Daphne du Maurier wrote her first novel after researching the Slade family history and the story of Jennifer brings the family history up to 1929, the year the book was written; the Janet Coombe figurehead is in place on a beam at Ferryside. It can be seen when passing the house from the river and from the Fowey side of the ferry crossing. Nearby Lanteglos church is where Janet Coombe was married and where Janet and other family members are buried. Daphne du Maurier was married at the same church in 1933 to Frederick Browning who had decided to visit Fowey having read the book The Loving Spirit.
The Loving Spirit – Daphne du Maurier, published by Virago Press Daphne du Maurier by Margeret Forster Published by Arrow Books, 2007
The Birds and Other Stories
The Birds and Other Stories is a collection of stories by the British author Daphne du Maurier. It was published by Gollancz in the UK in 1952 as The Apple Tree: A Short Novel and Several Long Stories, was re-issued by Penguin in 1963 under the current title. In the US, an expanded version was published in 1953 under the title Kiss Me Again, Stranger: A Collection of Eight Stories and Short by Doubleday including two additional stories, "The Split Second" and "No Motive"; the lead story in the collection is "The Birds", made into a film of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock in 1963. "The Birds" is a horror story in which a Cornish farmhand, his family, community are attacked by flocks of birds. "Monte Verità" tells of an isolated mountain, home to a mysterious sect rumoured to be immortal and feared by the local communities from whom it attracts young women who are never heard of again. It is told from the viewpoint of a nameless mountaineer whose best friend's wife disappears on a trip to climb the peak.
"The Apple Tree" follows the actions of a man who, following the death of his neglected wife, suspects her spirit inhabits an old apple tree in his garden which he resolves to remove, but never gets around to doing so. "The Little Photographer" tells of a rich Marquise bored and dissatisfied with her life who attempts to spice up her life by having an affair with a photographer whilst holidaying on the French Mediterranean coast. "Kiss Me Again, Stranger" relates an episode in which a shy mechanic follows a cinema usherette home from work, is led to a cemetery. Only does the mechanic discover the terrible truth about her. "The Old Man" follows a family history as told by a neighbour who suspects the father of killing one of their children. Reviewing the American edition in the May 1953 edition of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, Boucher and McComas noted that while nearly half the work fell into the fantasy genre, some bordering on science fiction, the stories were "largely overlong and not too original."
"The Birds" has been the subject of many adaptations, including the 1963 Alfred Hitchcock film of the same name. "Kiss Me Again, Stranger" was adapted for CBS television in 1953
Matthew Rhys Evans, known professionally as Matthew Rhys, is a Welsh actor. He is known for playing Philip Jennings in the acclaimed television series The Americans, for which he received two Golden Globe Award nominations and a Primetime Emmy Award, he has played Kevin Walker in the television series Brothers & Sisters, Dylan Thomas in the film The Edge of Love and Daniel Ellsberg in the film The Post. Rhys was born in Cardiff, Wales, on 4 November 1974, his first language was Welsh. He grew up in Cardiff and attended Welsh-medium schools, Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Melin Gruffydd and Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf. In 1993, he was awarded the Patricia Rothermere Scholarship. At age 17, after playing Elvis Presley in a school musical, he applied to and was accepted at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, his older sister Rachel, now a BBC broadcast journalist attended. During Rhys's time at RADA, Rhys appeared in the BBC police series Back-Up as well as in House of America, he returned to Cardiff to act in his own language in the Welsh film Bydd yn Wrol, for which he won Best Actor at the Bafta Cymru.
In January 1998, Rhys went to New Zealand to star in Greenstone, a colonial costume drama for television. He landed a role in Titus, Julie Taymor's adaptation of Titus Andronicus, starring Anthony Hopkins and Jessica Lange. Next he played Ray in Peter Hewitt's film comedy, Whatever Happened to Harold Smith? After returning to Wales, he did two consecutive films with Jonathan Pryce: The Testimony of Taliesin Jones, a film about a dysfunctional single-parent family in which he played the elder son, Sara Sugarman's comedy Very Annie Mary, in which he played the role of Nob. Rhys would reunite with Very Annie Mary star Rachel Griffiths on Brothers & Sisters. In 2000, Rhys played the lead role in Metropolis, a drama series for Granada TV about the lives of six twenty-somethings living in London. Next he starred in the film of the play written and directed by Nick Grosso. Rhys starred as Benjamin in the 2000 world premiere of the stage adaptation of The Graduate, alongside Kathleen Turner at The Gielgud Theatre in London's West End.
Rhys travelled to Ireland to star in The Abduction Club. He played the lead role of Darren Daniels in Tabloid, returned to New Zealand to shoot the epic drama Lost World for the BBC, his other film credits include the independent horror film Deathwatch in Prague and Fakers, a comic crime caper. In 2003, he played Justin Price, the murderer in the final episode of the long-running television series Columbo, he appeared opposite Brittany Murphy in the independent feature Love and Other Disasters, in Virgin Territory opposite Hayden Christensen, Tim Roth and Mischa Barton, playing poet Dylan Thomas in the love quadrangle biographical film The Edge of Love. He moved to Santa Monica after being cast as lawyer Kevin Walker; the show had a five-season run, coming to an end in 2011. In January 2012, Rhys appeared in a BBC Two two-part drama adaptation of Charles Dickens' last novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, left unfinished at his death in 1870; the Public Broadcasting Service aired it in the United States as one feature-length episode on 15 April 2012.
In 2012, Rhys was scheduled to reprise Sir Alec Guinness' 1959 double role of John Barratt / Jacques DeGué in a new adaptation of The Scapegoat. That same year, Rhys was cast as "Jimmy" in the Roundabout Theatre Company's Off-Broadway revival of John Osborne's play, Look Back in Anger, at the Laura Pels Theatre in the Harold and Miriam Steinberg Center for Theatre; the production played a limited engagement through 8 April 2012. He starred opposite Keri Russell in the FX series The Americans, a 1980s Cold War spy drama about Russian KGB sleeper agents. Rhys and Russell are real-life partners off-screen as well; the sixth season airing in 2018 was the final season of The Americans. The show debuted in January 2013. Rhys was housemates for nearly 10 years with fellow Welshman and actor Ioan Gruffudd, served as best man at Gruffudd's wedding. Both are patrons of a UK spinal injuries charity. On 15 July 2008, Rhys was honoured by Aberystwyth University as a Fellow. On 8 August 2008, he was honoured at the Welsh National Eisteddfod by being accepted as a member to the druidic order of the Gorsedd of the Bards, for his contributions to the Welsh language and Wales.
His bardic name in the Gorsedd is Matthew Tâf. In August 2009, Rhys took to the stage with the National Youth Orchestra of Wales as part of the National Eisteddfod. Rhys has been in a relationship with his The Americans co-star Keri Russell since 2014, they had their first child, a son, in 2016. He is a supporter of Plaid Cymru. Patron, Hijinx Theatre, based at Wales Millennium Centre, Cardiff Bay Charity Champion, The Noah's Ark Appeal, a charity which raises funds for the development of the Children's Hospital of Wales. Patron, Iris Prize, Cardiff's International Gay and Lesbian Short Film Prize. Ambassador, Bobath Children's Therapy Centre Wales, a charity that treats children who have cerebral palsy from all over Wales. Produced television documentary, Mr Hollywood, for S4C-TV, about the life of Griffith J. Griffith, Welsh-American industrialist and philanthropist after whom Griffith Park is named. Wrote Patagonia: Crossing the Plain – a photographic account of his month-long journey on horseback while filming a documentary on Patagonia, the Welsh settlers who made it their home having journeyed from Wales in the late 19th century.
Set up his own production company, P
Not After Midnight
Not After Midnight is a 1971 collection of short stories by Daphne du Maurier. It was published in Britain under the title Not After Midnight by Gollancz, published in America by Doubleday as Don't Look Now; the book contains several novella-length stories, all with different characters and themes but similar in that they touch on the supernatural or strange events. The Penguin Books edition and Ringwood, Australia, was issued with the title Don't Look Now and Other Stories and a cover illustration by Charles Raymond in 1973. John and his grief-stricken wife Laura take a holiday in Venice following the death of their daughter, from meningitis, they encounter middle-aged identical twin sisters, one of whom is blind and claims to be psychic and that she can'see' Christine sitting with her parents. Meanwhile, Venice has been plagued by a series of murders and during a night out John spots what appears to be a small girl wearing a pixie-hood leaping across some moored boats and falling into the water before disappearing into one of the houses along the canal.
They run into the sisters again at the restaurant they are dining in. On arriving back at their hotel a message has been left for them by the headmaster of their son's preparatory school informing them that their son, has been taken ill with appendicitis. Laura books a flight back to England but in the day John is convinced he has seen her on a vaporetto with the sisters. Unable to locate Laura or the sisters he reports her disappearance to the police. Upon his return to the hotel, John decides to call his son's school to check up on Johnnie and is astounded to find that Laura is in fact in England after all. Meanwhile, the sisters have been arrested and are being held in police custody so John makes his way to the police station to sort out the mix-up, he escorts the sisters back to their pension, but upon arrival the psychic sister falls into a trance. John leaves hurriedly and, stumbles upon the alley from the previous evening. Once again, he catches sight of the pixie-hood wearing childlike figure leaping across moored boats, but this time he sees a man in pursuit.
Horrified that the man is the murderer terrorising Venice chasing his next victim, he follows her into a room she has run to and proceeds to bolt the door shut to keep out the assailant. As the pixie-hood drops to the floor, the'child' is revealed to not be a little girl at all, but a middle-aged female dwarf. Grinning, the dwarf throws it at John, piercing his throat; as John slumps to the floor, he has a vision of Laura on the vaporetto with the sisters, this time realises it is a premonition of his funeral. The story has been adapted in several media: a classic 1973 film directed by Nicolas Roeg. "Not After Midnight" is a tale about a lonely teacher who goes on a painting holiday in Crete and meets a strange American couple. The woman invites him to visit them in their hotel room but "not after midnight," the reason for this becoming clear as the story progresses. Set in and around Agios Nikolaos on Crete. "The Breakthrough" is a science fiction story set in an isolated laboratory in the wilds of Norfolk.
A man is sent to help with a new computer. He soon realises that the purpose of the scientific experiments being conducted there is to trap the life force, or soul, at the point of death and utilise its energy; the test subject is Ken, an affable young assistant, dying of leukemia. The plan goes horribly awry. In "The Way of the Cross", a disparate group of pilgrims from the same village embark on a trip to frenetic, dusty Jerusalem, their regular vicar is replaced by The Reverend Babcock, a rough diamond from Leeds. On the first night young Robin, a precocious nine-year-old, suggests a walk to the Garden of Gethsemane. In the dark, among the bushes and trees, two people overhear things about themselves that force them to re-evaluate their lives. Subsequently, the whole group learn a great deal about themselves and their loved ones, return home better people. In "A Border Line Case", a young actress pursues old family friend Nick after the death of her father, she discovers he is an IRA commander and accompanies him on a bombing raid in Ireland, but soon learns that he is not all he seems to be
German military administration in occupied France during World War II
The Military Administration in France was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France. This so-called zone occupée was renamed zone nord in November 1942, when the unoccupied zone in the south known as zone libre was occupied and renamed zone sud, its role in France was governed by the conditions set by the Second Armistice at Compiègne after the blitzkrieg success of the Wehrmacht leading to the Fall of France. For instance, France agreed that its soldiers would remain prisoners of war until the cessation of all hostilities. Replacing the French Third Republic that had dissolved during France's defeat was the "French State", with its sovereignty and authority limited to the free zone; as Paris was located in the occupied zone, its government was seated in the spa town of Vichy in Auvergne, therefore it was more known as Vichy France. While the Vichy government was nominally in charge of all of France, the military administration in the occupied zone was a de facto Nazi dictatorship.
Its rule was extended to the free zone when it was invaded by Germany and Italy during Case Anton on 11 November 1942 in response to Operation Torch, the Allied landings in French North Africa on 8 November 1942. The Vichy government remained in existence though its authority was now curtailed; the military administration in France ended with the Liberation of France after the Normandy and Provence landings. It formally existed from May 1940 to December 1944, though most of its territory had been liberated by the Allies by the end of summer 1944. Alsace-Lorraine, annexed after the Franco-Prussian war in 1871 by the German Empire and returned to France after the First World War, was re-annexed by the Third Reich The departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais were attached to the military administration in Belgium and Northern France, responsible for civilian affairs in the 20-kilometre wide zone interdite along the Atlantic coast. Another "forbidden zone" were areas in north-eastern France, corresponding to Lorraine and about half each of Franche-Comté, Champagne and Picardie.
War refugees were prohibited from returning to their homes, it was intended for German settlers and annexation in the coming Nazi New Order. The occupied zone consisted of the rest of northern and western France, including the two forbidden zones; the southern part of France, except for the western half of Aquitaine along the Atlantic coast, became the zone libre, where the Vichy regime remained sovereign as an independent state, though under heavy German influence due to the restrictions of the Armistice and economical dependency on Germany. It constituted a land area of 246,618 square kilometres 45 percent of France, included 33 percent of the total French labor force; the demarcation line between the free zone and the occupied zone was a de facto border, necessitating special authorisation and a laissez-passer from the German authorities to cross. These restrictions remained in place after Vichy was occupied and the zone renamed zone sud, placed under military administration in November 1942.
The Italian occupation zone consisted of small areas along the Alps border, a 50-kilometre demilitarised zone along the same. It was expanded to all territory on the left bank of the Rhône river after its invasion together with Germany of Vichy France on 11 November 1942, except for areas around Lyon and Marseille, which were added to Germany's zone sud, Corsica; the Italian occupation zone was occupied by Germany and added to the zone sud after Italy's surrender in September 1943, except for Corsica, liberated by the landings of Free French forces and local Italian troops that had switched sides to the Allies. After Germany and France agreed on an armistice following the defeats of May and June, Marshal Wilhelm Keitel and General Charles Huntzinger, representatives of the Third Reich and of the French government of Marshal Philippe Pétain signed it on 22 June 1940 at the Rethondes clearing in Compiègne Forest; as it was done at the same place and in the same railroad carriage where the armistice ending the First World War when Germany surrendered, it is known as the Second Compiègne armistice.
France was divided into an occupied northern zone and an unoccupied southern zone, according to the armistice convention "in order to protect the interests of the German Reich". The French colonial empire remained under the authority of Marshall Pétain's Vichy regime. French sovereignty was to be exercised over the whole of French territory, including the occupied zone and Moselle, but the third article of the armistice stipulated that French authorities in the occupied zone would have to obey the military administration and that Germany would exercise rights of an occupying power within it: In the occupied region of France, the German Reich exercises all of the rights of an occupying power; the French government undertakes to facilitate in every way possible the implementation of these rights, to provide the assistance of the French administrative services to that end. The French government will direct all off
Jamaica Inn (novel)
Jamaica Inn is a novel by the English writer Daphne du Maurier, first published in 1936. It was made into a film called Jamaica Inn, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, it is a period piece set in Cornwall in 1820. It was inspired by du Maurier's 1930 stay at the real Jamaica Inn, which still exists and is a pub in the middle of Bodmin Moor; the plot follows a group of murderous wreckers who run ships aground, kill the sailors and steal the cargo. Mary Yellan, twenty three years old, was brought up on a farm in Helford. After her mother's death, Mary goes to live with her only surviving relative, her mother's sister, Patience Merlyn, in a coaching inn called Jamaica Inn. Patience's husband, Joss Merlyn, is a local bully, stands seven feet tall and is a drunk. On arriving at the gloomy and threatening inn, Mary finds her aunt in a ghost-like state under the thumb of the vicious Joss, soon realises that something unusual is afoot at the inn, which has no guests and is never open to the public, she tries to squeeze the truth out of her uncle during one of his benders, but he tells her, "I'm not drunk enough to tell you why I live in this God-forgotten spot, why I'm the landlord of Jamaica Inn."
Against her better judgement, Mary becomes attracted to Joss's younger brother, Jem, a petty thief, but less brutal than his elder brother. After Mary realises that Joss is the leader of a band of wreckers and overhears Joss ordering the murder of one of their members, she is unsure whether to trust Jem or not, she turns to Francis Davey, the albino vicar of the neighbouring village of Altarnun, who happened to find Mary when she got lost one day on the moor. Mary and Jem leave the moors for Christmas Eve and spend a day together in the town of Launceston, during which Jem sells a horse he stole from Squire Bassat back to the squire's unwitting wife; when it comes time to return to Jamaica Inn, Jem leaves Mary to get the jingle, but never returns. Mary has no way to get home except by walking, but when she attempts this realises the weather and distance make it impossible. At this point Francis Davey offers her a lift home, he leaves the coach at the crossroads to walk to Altarnun. The coach is waylaid by her uncle's band of wreckers, the coach driver is killed.
Mary is forced to go along with the wreckers and has to watch as they'wreck' - tricking a ship into steering itself on to the rocks and murdering the survivors of the shipwreck as they swim ashore. A few days Jem comes to speak with Mary, locked in her room at the inn. With Jem's help, Mary escapes and goes to Altarnun to tell the vicar about Joss's misdeeds, but he isn't at home, she goes to the squire's home and tells his wife her story, but Mrs Bassat tells Mary that her husband has the evidence to arrest Joss and has gone to do so. Mrs Bassat has her driver take Mary to Jamaica Inn. Mary finds her uncle stabbed to death; the vicar arrives at the inn, having received a note Mary left for him that afternoon, offers her refuge for the night. The next day, Mary finds a drawing by the vicar; the vicar tells Mary that Jem was the one who informed on Joss. However, when he realizes that she has seen the drawing, the vicar reveals that he was the true head of the wrecker gang and responsible for the murders of Joss and Patience.
He flees the vicarage, taking Mary as his hostage. The vicar explains that he sought enlightenment in the Christian Church but did not find it, instead found it in the practices of the ancient Druids; as they flee across the moor to try to reach a ship to sail to Spain, Squire Bassat and Jem lead a search party that closes the gap coming close enough for Jem to shoot the vicar and rescue Mary. Mary has an offer to work as a servant for the Bassats, but instead plans to return to Helford. One day as she walks on the moor, she comes across Jem, leading a cart with all of his possessions, headed in the opposite direction of Helford. After some discussion, Mary decides to abandon her plans to return to Helford to go with Jem. A film adaptation of the novel was produced in 1939, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Charles Laughton and Maureen O'Hara; the film differs from the book in some respects, with Francis Davey being replaced by Sir Humphrey Pengallan. Du Maurier was not enamoured of the production.
The BBC's Home Service broadcast a five-part adaptation starring Patrick Troughton in 1966. BBC Radio 4 made a four-part dramatisation adapted by Brian Gear in 1975. An ITV television series Jamaica Inn aired in 1983. Starring Jane Seymour, Trevor Eve, Billie Whitelaw and Patrick McGoohan, this adaptation was nearer the original story than was the Hitchcock film; the first known stage adaptation of Jamaica Inn was scripted by David Horlock and performed at Salisbury Playhouse in 1990. BBC Radio 4 broadcast a four-part adaptation by Michael Bakewell in 1991. An adaptation by John King was performed at the Regent Centre in 1993 and was to be performed again in February 2009. There is a 2004 stage adaptation of Jamaica Inn by Lisa Evans, performed as as 26 May 2007 at Newcastle-Under-Lyme's New Vic theatre, with the critically acclaimed Juliette Goodman starring in the lead role of Mary Yellan; the track "Jamaica Inn" on singer Tori Amos's 2005 album The Beekeeper is a song about "a man and a woman falling out".
In a 12 June 2012 interview with Rolling Stone Neil Peart of the rock band Rush described how the theme