Batman (TV series)
Batman is a 1960s American live action television series, based on the DC comic book character of the same name. It stars Adam West as Bruce Wayne / Batman and Burt Ward as Dick Grayson / Robin – two crime-fighting heroes who defend Gotham City from a variety of arch villains, it is known for its camp style, upbeat theme music, its intentionally humorous, simplistic morality. This included championing the importance of using seat belts, doing homework, eating vegetables, drinking milk, it was described by executive producer William Dozier as the only situation comedy on the air without a laugh track. The 120 episodes aired on the ABC network for three seasons from January 12, 1966 to March 14, 1968, twice weekly for the first two and weekly for the third. In 2016, television critics Alan Sepinwall and Matt Zoller Seitz ranked Batman as the 82nd greatest American television show of all time; the series focused on the adventures of Robin. Although the lives of their alter-egos, millionaire Bruce Wayne and his ward Dick Grayson were shown, it was only in the context of their being called away on superhero business, or in circumstances where they needed to employ their public identities to assist in their crime-fighting.
The "Dynamic Duo" come to the aid of the Gotham City Police upon the latter being stumped by a supervillain. Throughout each episode and Robin have to follow a series of wildly improbable clues to discover the supervillain's plan figure out how to thwart that plan and capture the criminal. For the first two seasons, Batman aired twice a week on consecutive nights; every story is a two-parter, except for two three-parters featuring villainous team ups in the second season. The titles of each multi-part story rhymed. For the third season, which aired one episode a week, most episodes were self-contained stories. However, each episode would end with a teaser featuring the next episode's guest villain; the cliffhangers between multiple-parters consisted of the supervillain holding someone captive the Dynamic Duo, with the captives being threatened with some elaborate and gruesome – if unlikely – death. This would be resolved early in the follow-up episode. Ostensibly a crime series, the style of the show was in fact tongue-in-cheek.
It was a true situation comedy, in that situations were exaggerated and were played for laughs. This increased as the seasons progressed, with the addition of greater absurdity; the characters, always took the absurd situations seriously – which added to the comedy. Adam West as Bruce Wayne / Batman: A millionaire whose parents were murdered by criminals, he now secretly uses his vast fortune to fight crime as Batman. Producer William Dozier cast Adam West in the role after seeing him perform as the James Bond-like spy Captain Q in a Nestlé Quik television ad. Lyle Waggoner had screen-tested for the role, though West won out because, it was said, he was the only person who could deliver the hilarious lines with a straight face. West voiced an animated version of the title character on The New Adventures of Batman and well as Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Burt Ward as Dick Grayson / Robin: Batman's faithful partner and "Boy Wonder", a high school student noted for his recurring interjections in the form of "Holy ________, Batman!"
Ward voiced an animated version of this character on The New Adventures of Batman. Alan Napier as Alfred Pennyworth: Batman's loyal butler and Batgirl's discreet confidant, he is the only person who knows the true identities of Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson, Barbara Gordon. Neil Hamilton as Commissioner James Gordon: The Commissioner of the Gotham City Police Department and one of Batman's two major police contacts, he summons the Dynamic Duo via the Bat Signal. Stafford Repp as Chief Miles Clancy O'Hara: Gotham City's Chief of Police, Batman's other major police contact; the character was created by Semple for the series, as someone for Gordon to talk to, briefly added to the comics. Madge Blake as Aunt Harriet Cooper: Dick Grayson's maternal aunt, she first appeared in the comics, two years before the series premiered, to give Bruce and Dick a reason to be secretive about their dual identities. Yvonne Craig as Barbara Gordon / Batgirl: Commissioner Gordon's daughter, Gotham City librarian and crime fighting partner for Batman and Robin for the third season.
This threesome was nicknamed the "Terrific Trio". William Dozier – Executive producer and narrator. According to Adam West's memoir, Back to the Batcave, his first exposure to the series concept was through reading a sample script in which Batman enters a nightclub in his complete costume and requests a booth near the wall, as he "shouldn't wish to attract attention", it was the scrupulously formal dialogue, the way that Batman earnestly believed he could avoid standing out while wearing a skintight blue-and-grey costume, that convinced West of the character's comic potential. With the death of Adam West on June 9, 2017, Burt Ward is now the only surviving main Batman cast member. Today, John Julie Newmar are the only surviving cast villains. In the early 1960s, Ed Graham Productions optioned the television rights to the comic strip Batman and planned a straightforward juvenile adventure show, much like Adventures of Superman and The Lone Ranger, to air on CBS on Sat
Horse and buggy
A horse and buggy or horse and carriage refers to a light, two-person carriage of the late 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, drawn by one or sometimes by two horses. Called a roadster or a trap, it was made with two wheels in England and the United States, with four wheels in the United States as well, it had falling top. A Concorde buggy, first made in Concord, New Hampshire, had a body with low sides and side-spring suspension. A buggy having two seats was a double buggy. A buggy called a stanhope had a high seat and closed back; the bodies of buggies were sometimes suspended on a pair of longitudinal elastic wooden bars called sidebars. A buggy whip had a small tasseled tip called a snapper. In countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, it was a primary mode of short-distance personal transportation between 1815 and 1915. At that time, horseback riding in towns and rural areas was less common and required more specific skills than driving a buggy. Horsemanship tended to be an aristocratic skill of larger American and British landowners, North American western pioneers, the military and scouts.
Buggies required at least crudely graded main roadways, where horses could go anywhere. The growing use of buggies for local travel expanded, along with stage lines and railroads for longer trips. In cities and towns, horse-drawn railed vehicles gave carriage to poor workers and the lower middle class; the upper middle class used buggies, as did farmers, while the rich had the more elegant 4-wheel carriages for local use. In the late 19th century, bicycles became another factor in urban personal transport; until mass production of the automobile brought its price within the reach of the working class, horse-drawn conveyances were the most common means of local transport in towns and nearby countryside. Buggies cost around $25 to $50, could be hitched and driven by untrained men, women, or children. In the United States, hundreds of small companies produced buggies, their wide use helped to encourage the grading and graveling of main rural roads and actual paving in towns; this provided all-weather passage between larger towns.
By the early 1910s, the number of automobiles had surpassed the number of buggies, but their use continued well into the 1920s in out of the way places. During the 1930s, unemployment due to the Great Depression and high gasoline prices meant many car owners in the U. S. and Canada could no longer afford to drive. The Bennett buggy – or Hoover wagon – was an automobile converted to be pulled by horses. In the 21st century, the buggy is still used as normal, everyday means of transportation by Anabaptists like the Amish, parts of the Old Order Mennonites, parts of the Old Order River Brethren and parts of the German-speaking "Russian" Mennonites in Latin America but by the Old Order German Baptist Brethren and Old Brethren German Baptists. A triangular warning sign with red border and yellow background is attached to the rear of the buggy. Commercial horse-and-buggy rides for tourists are conducted in several places, for example in New York City's Central Park area, in Vienna and other European and North American sites.
Today, the term "horse and buggy" is used in reference to the era before the advent of the automobile and other revolutionizing major inventions. By extension, it has come to mean clinging to outworn attitudes or ideas, hopelessly outmoded, old-fashioned, non-modern, or obsolete; the Town of Church Point, Louisiana is known as the "Buggy Capital of the World", once hosting the Buggy Festival, an annual festival that celebrates the history of buggies and the town itself. Stephen Scott: Plain Buggies: Amish, And Brethren Horse-Drawn Transportation, Intercourse, PA 1998. Buckeye Manufacturing Company "A Double Buggy at Lahey Creek", short story by Henry Lawson Driving Equestrian use of roadways Horse harness Types of carriages
Van Alexander was an American bandleader and composer. Van Alexander was born Alexander Van Vliet Feldman in Harlem, his mother was a classical pianist, she taught him to play the piano. He studied music at Columbia University. Alexander arranged music beginning in high school, he landed a job selling arrangements to Chick Webb in the middle of the 1930s. A-Tisket, A-Tasket" became a hit for Ella Fitzgerald, becoming one of her signature tunes. Alexander arranged other nursery rhymes for jazz, such as "Where, Oh Where Has My Little Dog Gone?" and "Got a Pebble in My Shoe". In 1938, Alexander played in theaters into the 1940s; when his group disbanded, he and two others from the group joined Larry Clinton's orchestra. George T. Simon, in his book, The Big Bands, quoted Clinton as saying that he had "a package deal from Van Alexander, he had given up his band and joined us, he brought along Butch Stone and Irv Cottler, whose drumming made all the difference in the world." By June 1942, Alexander had formed another band of his own.
In the 1940s, he was hired by Bob Crosby to work in Hollywood and worked extensively as a composer and conductor for film scores. He wrote a textbook on film arrangement in 1950 called First Arrangement, Johnny Mandel studied under him. Alexander's scores included several Mickey Rooney films, such as The Atomic Kid, The Twinkle in God's Eye, Baby Face Nelson, The Last Mile, The Big Operator and The Private Lives of Adam and Eve, as well as the scores to 13 Frightened Girls, Strait-Jacket, I Saw What You Did and Tarzan and the Valley of Gold, he provided music for the television shows Hazel, The Farmer's Daughter, Bewitched, I Dream of Jeannie, Dennis the Menace and The Wacky World of Jonathan Winters. He arranged and conducted for variety shows starring Dean Martin, Gordon MacRae, Mickey Rooney, James Stewart, he was involved in recording sessions with Doris Day, Benny Goodman, Peggy Lee, Dinah Shore, Kay Starr, Dakota Staton, Paul Whiteman. Alexander turned 100 in May 2015, his wife, died in 2010.
He died of heart failure on July 2015, in Los Angeles. Alexander was nominated twice for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in Music Direction of a Variety, Musical or Dramatic Program, his 1972 nomination was for his work on The Golddiggers Chevrolet Show, his 1973 nomination was for his work on The Wacky World of Jonathan Winters. He received the Henry Mancini Award for lifetime achievement from ASCAP. Van Alexander at Find a Grave Van Alexander Interview NAMM Oral History Library
William McKinley was the 25th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination six months into his second term. During his presidency, McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver. McKinley was the last president to have served in the American Civil War and the only one to have started the war as an enlisted soldier, beginning as a private in the Union Army and ending as a brevet major. After the war, he settled in Canton, where he practiced law and married Ida Saxton. In 1876, he was elected to Congress, where he became the Republican Party's expert on the protective tariff, which he promised would bring prosperity, his 1890 McKinley Tariff was controversial, which together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of 1890. He was elected governor of Ohio in 1891 and 1893, steering a moderate course between capital and labor interests.
With the aid of his close adviser Mark Hanna, he secured the Republican nomination for president in 1896 amid a deep economic depression. He defeated his Democratic rival William Jennings Bryan after a front porch campaign in which he advocated "sound money" and promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity. Rapid economic growth marked McKinley's presidency, he promoted the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition and in 1900 secured the passage of the Gold Standard Act. McKinley hoped to persuade Spain to grant independence to rebellious Cuba without conflict, but when negotiation failed he led the nation into the Spanish-American War of 1898; the United States victory was decisive. As part of the peace settlement, Spain turned over to the United States its main overseas colonies of Puerto Rico and the Philippines while Cuba was promised independence, but at that time remained under the control of the United States Army; the United States annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898 and it became a United States territory.
Historians regard McKinley's 1896 victory as a realigning election in which the political stalemate of the post-Civil War era gave way to the Republican-dominated Fourth Party System, which began with the Progressive Era. McKinley defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election in a campaign focused on imperialism and free silver, his legacy was cut short when he was shot on September 6, 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, a second-generation Polish-American with anarchist leanings. McKinley died eight days and was succeeded by his Vice President Theodore Roosevelt; as an innovator of American interventionism and pro-business sentiment, McKinley's presidency is considered above average, though his positive public perception was soon overshadowed by Roosevelt. William McKinley Jr. was born in 1843 in Niles, the seventh of nine children of William McKinley Sr. and Nancy McKinley. The McKinleys were of English and Scots-Irish descent and had settled in western Pennsylvania in the 18th century, tracing back to a David McKinley, born in Dervock, County Antrim, in present-day Northern Ireland.
There, the elder McKinley was born in Mercer County. The family moved to Ohio, he married her later. The Allison family was of English descent and among Pennsylvania's earliest settlers; the family trade on both sides was iron-making, McKinley senior operated foundries throughout Ohio, in New Lisbon, Niles and Canton. The McKinley household was, like many from Ohio's Western Reserve, steeped in Whiggish and abolitionist sentiment, the latter based on the family's staunch Methodist beliefs. William followed in the Methodist tradition, becoming active in the local Methodist church at the age of sixteen, he was a lifelong pious Methodist. In 1852, the family moved from Niles to Poland, Ohio so that their children could attend the better schools there. Graduating from Poland Seminary in 1859, he enrolled the following year at Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania, he was an honorary member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. He remained at Allegheny for only one year, returning home in 1860 after becoming depressed.
He spent time at Mount Union College in Alliance, Ohio as a board member. Although his health recovered, family finances declined and McKinley was unable to return to Allegheny, first working as a postal clerk and taking a job teaching at a school near Poland, Ohio; when the Southern states seceded from the Union and the American Civil War began, thousands of men in Ohio volunteered for service. Among them were McKinley and his cousin William McKinley Osbourne, who enlisted as privates in the newly formed Poland Guards in June 1861; the men left for Columbus where they were consolidated with other small units to form the 23rd Ohio Infantry. The men were unhappy to learn that, unlike Ohio's earlier volunteer regiments, they would not be permitted to elect their officers. Dennison appointed Colonel William Rosecrans as the commander of the regiment, the men began training on the outskirts of Columbus. McKinley took to the soldier's life and wrote a series of letters to his hometown newspaper extolling the army and the Union cause.
Delays in issuance of uniforms and weapons again brought the men into conflict with their officers, but Major Rut
Douglas Harvey Dick was an American actor and occasional screenwriter. His most famous role came in the 1948 film Rope. In 1971, Dick left the entertainment industry to work as a psychologist. Dick was born in Charleston, West Virginia, raised in Versailles, Kentucky, he was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Gamble C. Dick, he had a brother, Gamble C. Dick Jr, he attended the University of Kentucky. Before he began working in films, Dick appeared in several shows in New York and was a model for the Conover agency. One issue of Look magazine featured his picture on the cover. Dick did patrol duty with the United States Coast Guard and served as an aviator in the United States Navy, receiving a medical discharge from the latter. Dick's film debut was in The Searching Wind. Producer Hal B. Wallis met Dick in a Broadway agent's office. Wallis had Dick make a screen test in New York City; the test, along with those of five other prospects, was shown to 300 women employees of Wallis' studio. Dick was the clear favorite when the women were polled, his role in The Searching Wind was the result.
His best known film role is Kenneth Lawrence in the Alfred Hitchcock film classic Rope. Among his other notable films are The Red Badge of Something to Live For. On television, Douglas Dick is best known for his role as Carl Herrick in the television series, Waterfront. Dick appeared once on Jim Davis' syndicated adventure series, Rescue 8. Additionally, he made two appearances on Sea Hunt, he made seven guest appearances on Perry Mason throughout the duration of the CBS series from 1957 to 1966. In 1959, he played Fred Bushmiller in the title role in "The Case of the Watery Witness." In the 1962 episode, "The Case of the Glamorous Ghost," he played Walter Richey, a hotel clerk and the murderer. He played murderer Ned Chase in the 1963 episode, "The Case of the Elusive Element." He made his final appearance in 1965 as Ted Harberson in "The Case of the Wrathful Wraith." Dick married twice: first to Ronnie Cowan until their 1960 divorce, second to television screenwriter Peggy Chantler from 1963 until her death in 2001.
Dick retired from acting and became a psychologist in 1971. Dick died December 2015, at his home in Los Angeles, California, he was 95. With reduced film-work on offer to him he moved into television acting and guest-starred in the following: The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp Sea Hunt 77 Sunset Strip Perry Mason Bonanza: Episode “Alias Joe Cartwright” Douglas Dick on IMDb Douglas Dick at Find a Grave Douglas Dick at the American Film Institute
A Gold Rush is a new discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune. Major gold rushes took place in the 19th century in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and the United States, while smaller gold rushes took place elsewhere; the wealth that resulted was distributed because of reduced migration costs and low barriers to entry. While gold mining itself was unprofitable for most diggers and mine owners, some people made large fortunes, the merchants and transportation facilities made large profits; the resulting increase in the world's gold supply stimulated global investment. Historians have written extensively about the migration, trade and environmental history associated with gold rushes. Gold rushes were marked by a general buoyant feeling of a "free for all" in income mobility, in which any single individual might become abundantly wealthy instantly, as expressed in the California Dream.
Gold rushes helped spur a huge immigration that led to permanent settlement of new regions. Activities propelled by gold rushes define significant aspects of the culture of the Australian and North American frontiers. At a time when the world's money supply was based on gold, the newly mined gold provided economic stimulus far beyond the gold fields. Gold rushes extend as far back to the Roman Empire, whose gold mining was described by Diodorus Siculus and Pliny the Elder, further back to ancient Egypt. Within each mining rush there is a transition through progressively higher capital expenditures, larger organizations, more specialized knowledge, they may progress from high-unit value to lower unit value minerals. A rush begins with the discovery of placer gold made by an individual. At first the gold may be washed from the sand and gravel by individual miners with little training, using a gold pan or similar simple instrument. Once it is clear that the volume of gold-bearing sediment is larger than a few cubic metres, the placer miners will build rockers or sluice boxes, with which a small group can wash gold from the sediment many times faster than using gold pans.
Winning the gold in this manner requires no capital investment, only a simple pan or equipment that may be built on the spot, only simple organisation. The low investment, the high value per unit weight of gold, the ability of gold dust and gold nuggets to serve as a medium of exchange, allow placer gold rushes to occur in remote locations. After the sluice-box stage, placer mining may become large scale, requiring larger organisations and higher capital expenditures. Small claims owned and mined by individuals may need to be merged into larger tracts. Difficult-to-reach placer deposits may be mined by tunnels. Water may be diverted by dams and canals to placer mine active river beds or to deliver water needed to wash dry placers; the more advanced techniques of ground sluicing, hydraulic mining and dredging may be used. The heyday of a placer gold rush would last only a few years; the free gold supply in stream beds would become depleted somewhat and the initial phase would be followed by prospecting for veins of lode gold that were the original source of the placer gold.
Hard rock mining, like placer mining, may evolve from low capital investment and simple technology to progressively higher capital and technology. The surface outcrop of a gold-bearing vein may be oxidized, so that the gold occurs as native gold, the ore needs only to be crushed and washed; the first miners may at first build a simple arrastra to crush their ore. As the miners dig down, they may find that the deeper part of vein contains gold locked in sulfide or telluride minerals, which will require smelting. If the ore is still sufficiently rich, it may be worth shipping to a distant smelter. Lower-grade ore may require on-site treatment to either recover the gold or to produce a concentrate sufficiently rich for transport to the smelter; as the district turns to lower-grade ore, the mining may change from underground mining to large open-pit mining. Many silver rushes followed upon gold rushes; as transportation and infrastructure improve, the focus may change progressively from gold to silver to base metals.
In this way, Colorado started as a placer gold discovery, achieved fame as a silver-mining district relied on lead and zinc in its days. Butte, Montana began mining placer gold became a silver-mining district became for a time the world’s largest copper producer. Various gold rushes occurred in Australia over the second half of the 19th century; the most significant of these, although not the only ones, were the New South Wales gold rush and Victorian gold rush in 1851, the Western Australian gold rushes of the 1890s. They were significant to their respective colonies' political and economic development as they brought a large number of immigrants, promoted massive government spending on infrastructure to support the new arrivals who came looking for gold. While some found their fortune, those who did not remained in the colonies and took advantage of liberal land laws to take up farming. Gold rushes happened at or around: In New Zealand the Central Otago Gold Rush from 1861 attracted prospectors from the California Gold Rush and the Victorian Gold Rush and many moved on to the West Coast Gold Rush from 1864.
The first significant gold rush in the United States was in Cabarrus County, North Carolina, in 1799 at today's Reed's Gold Mine. Thirty years in 1829, the Geor
Monte Markham is an American actor. He has appeared on Broadway. Markham was born in Manatee County, the son of Millie Content and Jesse Edward Markham Sr., a merchant. He attended Palm Beach State College. Of his television roles, Markham is most famous for playing the dual role of Luke and Ken Carpenter in the 1967–68 ABC sitcom The Second Hundred Years, as Harry Kellem in the original Hawaii Five-O. In 1969 -70, Markam starred in "Mr. Deeds" television series based on the 1936 movie. Another of Markham's best known roles was as the racing-car-driver-turned-cyborg Barney Miller in the second-season episode of The Six Million Dollar Man entitled "The Seven Million Dollar Man," which first aired November 1, 1974.. He appeared as Blanche Devereaux's brother Clayton Hollingsworth on the NBC sitcom The Golden Girls, portrayed the criminally insane character Pike in the episode "Power Play" in the 1975 revival of The Invisible Man. From 1989 to 1992, he played the role of senior lifeguard on Baywatch.
One of his earliest stage experiences was at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in the summer of 1961, where he played Horatio in Hamlet. Markham made his Broadway debut in 1973 in Irene, he appeared on stage in Same Time, Next Year. Markham's film work includes Hour of the Gun, Guns of the Magnificent Seven, Airport 77, We Are Still Here, he has served as a consultant, director and narrator for A&E's Classroom and The Great Ships series. Hour of the Gun - Sherman McMasters Project X - Gregory Gallea Guns of the Magnificent Seven - Keno The Astronaut - Eddie Reese / Col. Brice Randolph One Is a Lonely Number - Howard Carpenter Ginger in the Morning - Joe Midway - Cmdr. Max Leslie Airport'77 - Banker Shame, Shame on the Bixby Boys The Ghosts of Buxley Hall - Colonel Joe Buxley Separate Ways - Cliff Johnson Hotline - Kyle Durham Off the Wall - Gov. Paul Smith Counter Measures Jake Speed - Mr. Winston Hot Pursuit - Bill Cronenberg Defense Play - Mark Denton Judgement Day - Sam Neon City - Captain Raymond Piranha - J.
R. Randolph Life Partners We Are Still Here - Dave McCabe The Rift: The Dark Side of the Moon - Dysart Reborn Monte Markham on IMDb Monte Markham interview