Breaker High is a Canadian-American teen comedy-drama series that ran from 1997 to 1998, airing on YTV in Canada and on UPN's weekday "Kids" block in the United States. The series was created by Cori Stern, while SciFi veteran David Winning directed the pilot and seven episodes of the series; the series is set at a high school located on a cruise ship, allowing the episodes to be set in a variety of exotic locations, although the series was, in fact, filmed in Burnaby, British Columbia. The show dealt with teen issues such as dating and friendship, although the series tended to steer away from the "tougher" situations outlined in other teen dramas at the time; the cast consisted of eight teens, with a few additional actors portraying adult characters. Alex Pineda - Played by Kyle Alisharan. Ashley Dupree - Played by Terri Conn. Sean Stanley Hanlon - Played by Ryan Gosling. Cassidy Cartwright - Played by Wendi Kenya. Jimmy Mortimor Farrell - Played by Tyler Labine. Max Ballard - Played by Scott Vickaryous.
Denise Williams - Played by Persia White. Tamira Goldstein - Played by Rachel Wilson. Ana Mitchell - The kids' teacher. Played by Anne Openshaw. Captain Ballard - The captain of the ship and father to Max. Played by Andrew Airlie. Tony Gifford - The student activities counselor. Played by Richard Ian Cox. Nigel Mumford - The cook. Played by Bernard Cuffling. "Sun Ahso Rises" "Pranks for the Memories" "Mayhem on the Orient Distress" "Don't Get Curried Away" "Kenya Dig It?" "Tomb with a View" "Radio Daze" "Beware of Geeks Baring Their Gifts" "Belly of the Beast" "Rooming Violations" "Chateau L'Feet J'mae" "Out with the Old, In with the Shrew" "Tamira is Another Day" "For Pizza's Sake" "Kissin' Cousins" "The Caber Guy" "When In Rome..." "Silence of the Lamborghini" "All Seeing Bull's Eye" "Squall's Well that Ends Well" "That Lip-Synching Feeling" "Yoo Hoo, Mr. Palace Lifeguard" "Two Seans Don't Make a Right" "Tamira Has Two Faces" "Swiss You Were Here" "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Post Office" "Some You Win, Some You Luge" "Stowing Pains" "Moon Over Tamira" "He Shoots, He Scores" "Jimmy Behaving Badly" "Regret Me Nots" "New Kids on the Deck" "Six Degrees of Humiliation" "Don't Go Breakin' My Art" "Worth Their Waste in Gold" "The Deck's Files" "Rasta La Vista" "Max-He-Can Hat Dance" "Kiss of the Shy-er Woman" "Lord of the Butterflies" "Chile Dog" "Heartbreaker High" "To Kill a Mocking Nerd" The series airs on MTV and MTV2 in Canada.
Breaker High on IMDb Breaker High at TV.com
Home Movies (TV series)
Home Movies is an American adult animated television sitcom created by Brendon Small and Loren Bouchard. The show centers on an eight-year-old aspiring filmmaker, Brendon Small, who makes homemade film productions with his friends Melissa Robbins and Jason Penopolis in his spare time, he lives with his adopted baby sister Josie. He develops a skewed father/son-like relationship with his alcoholic, short-tempered soccer coach, John McGuirk. Home Movies premiered on UPN on April 26, 1999. UPN cancelled the series after only five episodes due to low ratings, but Cartoon Network purchased the rights to the series, seeing potential in it; the series ended on April 2004, with a total of 52 episodes over the course of four seasons. Home Movies developed a cult following during its run, is still considered a renowned cult show; the show was well received among critics in years, in 2009, the series was placed on IGN's Top 100 Best Animated TV Shows list. Co-creator Small would go on to help create the Adult Swim animated series Metalocalypse and Bouchard would go on to create the animated Bob's Burgers for the Fox network.
In its first season, Home Movies utilized Soup2Nuts' Squigglevision animation but abandoned that for the cheaper, more malleable Macromedia Flash animation. The switch was initiated for several reasons, including scattered negative response to Squigglevision from both critics and viewers, limitations in regard to movement, the producers' view that Squigglevision was inherent to Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist and that Home Movies should develop its own unique style. Another quality that Home Movies carried over from Dr. Katz was its initial use of "retroscripting", a process in which an episode's scripts are purposely left vague, instead of exact dialogue, the plot of a particular scene is outlined — the rest of the dialogue is created through improv by the actors; the use of retroscripting in Home Movies gives the show casual, realistic dialogue with an dry, sarcastic wit. Although retroscripting was only used in the first season, the dialogue in the following three seasons remained improvised, with the written script serving as a guide to fall back on for jokes if needed.
Another prominent feature of the show was its use of original music written and performed by the series creator Brendon Small. A recurring visual theme within the show is lawn gnomes, which tend to make random but subtle appearances in the background of many scenes. At least one lawn gnome can be found in every episode of the series, as well as on the DVD box art, as a cookie. Animated in Squigglevision and using retroscripting, the first five episodes aired on UPN in 1999; the show introduced the main characters in this season, consisted of episodes revolving around Brendon's movies. Much of the style of the writing improvised; the season ends with Brendon saying hello to his erstwhile absent father on the phone. Now animated in Flash, this is the first season commissioned by Cartoon Network as a result of mixed ratings of Season One reruns; the episodes are now scripted, but the creators now have much more freedom, allowing for creative episodes, introducing new characters as well as a multiple-story season arc, which included: Brendon meeting his father Andrew and his fiancée Linda, resulting in therapy sessions, leading up to a wedding.
Brendon develops a crush on Scäb choreographer Cynthia, tries to win her over. Paula loses her job and searches for a new one. Melissa's dad offers some advice; the show develops a writing device that carries through the next seasons, in which the plots of one episode all have an underlying theme. Emphasis on Brendon's movies becomes key here, the subtext of their creation is discussed. At this point, Brendon is still enjoying his life living in a "fantasy" world. A bit looser than Season Two, the show ditches the idea of seasonal story arc, many of the episodes air out of order; the episodes become racier, with more resounding sexual themes and cursing than before. Secondary characters, such as Fenton and Dwayne, are given more screen time, relative to the prior seasons. Another noteworthy aspect is that the show begins to acknowledge actual movies more than it had and starts parodying them heavily; the season ends with Brendon's stepmother Linda having a child, but afterwards she and Andrew no longer make appearances in the show.
The final season: the creators knew they were getting canceled throughout the entire production of the final thirteen episodes. Many of the episodes are straight parodies of movies, including three allusions to Hitchcockian thrillers; the bulk of the episodes consist of plots that involve Brendon doing something other than making films. Part of this revolves around Brendon trying to figure out whether he still enjoys making movies, or if it's becoming more of a chore. An entire episode dealt with adult themes; the loose dialogue and long conversations lessen for humorous plot devices and a speedier delivery at jokes and gags. The final episode, was made in mind as a series finale, brought back the long conversations and loose dialogue, as well as a resolution to the series as Brendon and Melissa make a
The Burning Zone
The Burning Zone is an American science fiction drama television series created by Coleman Luck that aired for one season on United Paramount Network from September 3, 1996 to May 20, 1997. The series follows a government task force assigned to investigate biological threats; the program focused on the virologist Edward Marcase and Dr. Kimberly Shiroma. In response to the show's low ratings and Shiroma were removed in the middle of the season. Dr. Daniel Cassian became the lead character, a new character, Dr. Brian Taft, joined the task force; the Burning Zone incorporated supernatural and religious elements, but shifted towards more action-oriented storylines. The series was only drama ordered by UPN for the 1996–97 television season, it was paired with the sitcoms Homeboys in Outer Space. The Burning Zone has never been released on DVD or Blu-ray, or made available on online-streaming services. Critical response to The Burning Zone was negative, it received comparisons to other science-fiction properties The X-Files.
Kasumi Mihori and Billy Pittard were nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Main Title Design for the 49th Primetime Emmy Awards for their contributions to the series. The Burning Zone is a science-fiction drama about a task force that investigates biochemical emergencies. Funded by the United States government, the team includes a virologist, a geneticist, a security specialist, a bureaucrat. Set during a global rise in lethal diseases, known as the Plague Wars, the show includes hard science storylines resolved through spiritual solutions, including the efficacy of prayer and the power of a "healthy soul"; when discussing the show's premise, critics had varying opinions on its inspiration. Comparisons were drawn to television films, B movies, news headlines, the Chicago Tribune's Allan Johnson summed up The Burning Zone as a "mutant-disease-of-the-week series"; the task force includes virologist Edward Marcase who survived a case of Ebola virus disease as a child, although his parents died from the virus.
Devoting his life to researching the virus, he approaches the process of handling and curing a diseases as a "mystical experience" or a "supernatural quest". Johnson likened Marcase to Fox Mulder, a fictional character from The X-Files, due to his "almost mystical relationship with diseases". Caryn James of The New York Times wrote that Morgan played Marcase with "a brooding style". Marcase works with Dr. Kimberly Shiroma, who specialized in molecular genetics and pathology during her time at the World Health Organization, she blames Marcase for her fiancé's death. James compared Marcase's relationship with Shiroma to that between The X-Files' Mulder and Dana Scully; the team's other members include Dr. Daniel Cassian. Hailey handles the task force's security, while using his previous work experience with the Central Intelligence Agency; the group's leader Cassian is portrayed as a "no-nonsense doctor" with a high security clearance and a "firm grip over his emotions". In response to the show's low ratings, United Paramount Network removed Marcase and Shiroma with "only the briefest of explanations".
Cassain subsequently became the lead character, despite being portrayed as "a kind of Dr. Smith-like thorn in the side". Critic John Kenneth Muir referred to the casting changes as "a behind-the-scenes massacre". Dr. Brian Taft was added to the show after Shiroma's exit. Muir described Taft as a "a motorcycle-riding, rebellious James Dean-like physician". Storylines shifted away from supernatural cases to include more action. Science fiction writers Roger Fulton and John Gregory Betancourt wrote that the program had "so many transformations in its brief 19-episode run that no viewer who saw the first show would recognize the last". Morgan and Tomita appear in 11 episodes. Black appears in all 19 episodes, Harris and Tatum are in 18 episodes and eight episodes, respectively. Produced by Universal Television, The Burning Zone was created by Coleman Luck, an executive producer alongside James Duff McAdams and Carleton Eastlake. Consultation for the episodes was provided by Dr. Kimberly A. Shriner.
One of six shows ordered by UPN, The Burning Zone was the network's only new drama for the 1996–97 television season. It was the final program announced as a part of UPN's 1996-97 line-up. John Kenneth Muir cited The Burning Zone as an example of how the mid-1990s was "the great era of'virus'-centric pop-culture entertainment". According to John Carman of the San Francisco Chronicle, The Burning Zone was one of the eight shows ordered for the 1996–97 television season that could be "classified as science fiction or at least strange". Critics compared the series to The X-Files. In the 1999 book Gen X TV: The Brady Bunch to Melrose Place, journalist Rob Owen described The Burning Zone as part of a 1996 trend of "X-Files rejects" that included Dark Skies and Millennium; the show received comparisons to the 1995 film Outbreak and the 1971 film The Andromeda Strain. The Burning Zone was broadcast on Tuesday nights at 9 pm EST, airing with the sitcoms Moesha and Homeboys in Outer Space. UPN included references to The X-Files in the promotional materials for the show.
In a University of California, Los Angeles report, senior fellow Harlan Lebo wrote that The Burning Zone is one of two shows, along with The Sentinel, in the 1996–97 television season that received complaints for its use of violence. The netw
Grown Ups (1999 TV series)
Grown Ups is an American sitcom that aired on the UPN network from 1999 to 2000. Starring Jaleel White, the series was created by Matthew Miller and based on a story written by White. Grown Ups follows the lives of three post-college friends. Jaleel White stars as J. Calvin Frazier, a 24-year-old man whose roommate just skipped town nearly leaving him homeless. J. learns that his high school crush Melissa is engaged to another man. With the help of his best friend Gordon and Gordon's wife Shari, J. attempts to deal with his problems and adjust to life as a grown up. In the pilot episode, Soleil Moon Frye appeared as Robin Carlucci, J.'s new roommate who wrongly assumes that J. is gay. The series was retooled after the pilot and Frye's character was dropped. Jaleel White as J. Calvin Frazier Dave Ruby as Gordon Hammel Marissa Ribisi as Shari Hammel Patrick Bristow as Rodney Caruthers Bumper Robinson as Marcus Wentworth Tammy Townsend as Melissa Grown Ups premiered on August 1, 1999 at 8:30 EST/7:30 CST.
On August 30, 1999, the series moved to Mondays at 9 p.m EST/8 p.m. CST, following the Moesha spin-off The Parkers; the series garnered good ratings, but ratings soon dropped and UPN canceled the series in May 2000. Grown Ups on IMDb Grown Ups at TV.com Grown Ups at epguides.com
Clueless (TV series)
Clueless is an American teen sitcom based on the 1995 teen film of the same name. The series premiered on ABC on September 20, 1996, as a part of the TGIF lineup during its first season; the show spent its last two seasons on UPN ending on May 25, 1999. Clueless is a teen comedy that follows the adventures of Cher Horowitz, a California girl who attends Bronson Alcott High. Cher and her friends navigate the ups and downs of high school life as they face struggles with relationships and social status. Rachel Blanchard as Cher Horowitz Stacey Dash as Dionne "Dee" Davenport Elisa Donovan as Amber Mariens Donald Faison as Murray Duvall Sean Holland as Sean Holiday David Lascher as Josh Wallace Shawn as Mr. Alphonse Hall Twink Caplan as Mrs. Geist-Hall Michael Lerner as Mel Horowitz Doug Sheehan as Mel Horowitz Alicia Silverstone was unable to reprise her role from the film due to a development deal she signed with Columbia-TriStar at the time. Danny Strong as Marshall Gasner Julie Brown as Coach Millie Deemer Lamont Bentley as Hakeem Campbell Melissa Joan Hart as Sabrina Spellman Shar Jackson as Niecy Jackson Breckin Meyer as Harrison Brittany Murphy as Jasmine Paul Rudd as SonnySpecial guest stars included actors from the original film as well as actors from other television programs that appeared in crossover episodes like Melissa Joan Hart from Sabrina the Teenage Witch and Lamont Bentley and Shar Jackson from Moesha.
Other guest stars included in the main article: List of Clueless characters. Though the television program is based on the film, director Amy Heckerling intended it to be a TV show for Fox, it was picked up by Paramount as a film which led to the spin-off series. Rachel Blanchard played the role of Cher, originated by Alicia Silverstone in the film. Stacey Dash, Donald Faison, Elisa Donovan, Wallace Shawn, Twink Caplan all reprised their film roles for the television series. Sean Holland, who appeared as Lawrence in the film, portrayed the new character Sean Holiday in the TV series; the program aired on ABC from 1996 to 1997 and with a network change on UPN from 1997 to 1999. The theme song for the TV series, "Ordinary Girl", was written by Charlotte Caffey and Anna Waronker, was performed by China Forbes. There are several notable inconsistencies in both characters and storylines between the Clueless film and the subsequent television series. In addition to Rachel Blanchard as Cher, two other major roles were recast for the television series.
The role of Cher's father Mel, the part Dan Hedaya originated in the film, was portrayed by Michael Lerner and was again recast with Doug Sheehan by the beginning of the show's second season on the air. At this time, Mel had grown more mellow and humane than the character Hedaya had originated. David Lascher took over the role of Josh from Paul Rudd in the television series, the idea of having the character serve as a romantic interest for Cher was non-existent in the TV version of the plot, while it was a major plot in the original film. By the time the show moved to UPN, Josh was written out of the series entirely. Mr. Hall and Ms. Geist received this same fate and were gone from the show by the time it switched networks. Julie Brown's character in the original film was Coach Millie Stoeger, but in the television series, her character's name was changed to Coach Millie Diemer. In addition, Sean Holland, who only had a minor role in the film as Murray's friend Lawrence, was playing a new character named Sean Holiday.
Regardless, Holland's character had more exposure on the television series than the character of Tai Frasier, who only appeared in three episodes of the show, despite being one of the main characters in the film. The character of Christian, played by Justin Walker, was not included in the television series at all. Amy Heckerling, who wrote and directed the film wrote and directed several episodes of the show's first season, but did not remain on board with the series full-time. Although they did not reprise their original roles of Josh and Tai, actors Paul Rudd, Breckin Meyer and Brittany Murphy all made guest appearances in one episode each on the series as new characters: Meyer portrayed Harrison in the episode "Do We with Bad Haircuts Not Feel?", Rudd portrayed the character of Sonny in the episode "I Got You Babe" and Murphy played the character Jasmine in the episode "Driving Me Crazy". The band Luscious Jackson, who performed the dance song "Here" for the Clueless movie soundtrack guest starred on the series in the episode "Sharing Cher" in order to perform their song "Naked Eye."
A few of the show's first-season episodes were broadcast out of order. The first episode to be broadcast was "As If a Girl's Reach Should Exceed Her Grasp" on September 20, 1996; the actual pilot episode, "Don't Stand So Close to Me," aired on November 1, 1996. After the series was canceled by ABC, the reruns of the episodes proved to be ratings winners for ABC. However, it was too late for ABC to get the series back, they prevented UPN from broadcasting the series until their contract ran out in late September. Clueless finished #46 in the ratings with 13.3 million viewers. Only Sabrina the Teenage Witch had higher ratings for Friday; the star of Sabrina, Melissa Joan Hart, was considered for the part of C
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey, its mission in the 21st century is "to ensure the political, educational and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate race-based discrimination." National NAACP initiatives include political lobbying, publicity efforts and litigation strategies developed by its legal team. The group enlarged its mission in the late 20th century by considering issues such as police misconduct, the status of black foreign refugees and questions of economic development, its name, retained in accordance with tradition, uses the once common term colored people, referring to those with some African ancestry. The NAACP bestows annual awards to African Americans in two categories: Image Awards are for achievement in the arts and entertainment, Spingarn Medals are for outstanding achievement of any kind.
Its headquarters is in Maryland. The NAACP is headquartered in Baltimore, with additional regional offices in New York, Georgia, Texas and California; each regional office is responsible for coordinating the efforts of state conferences in that region. Local and college chapters organize activities for individual members. In the U. S. the NAACP is administered by a 64-member board, led by a chairperson. The board elects one person as the president and one as chief executive officer for the organization. Julian Bond, Civil Rights Movement activist and former Georgia State Senator, was chairman until replaced in February 2010 by health-care administrator Roslyn Brock. For decades in the first half of the 20th century, the organization was led by its executive secretary, who acted as chief operating officer. James Weldon Johnson and Walter F. White, who served in that role successively from 1920 to 1958, were much more known as NAACP leaders than were presidents during those years. Departments within the NAACP govern areas of action.
Local chapters are supported by the'Branch and Field Services' department and the'Youth and College' department. The'Legal' department focuses on court cases of broad application to minorities, such as systematic discrimination in employment, government, or education; the Washington, D. C. bureau is responsible for lobbying the U. S. government, the Education Department works to improve public education at the local and federal levels. The goal of the Health Division is to advance health care for minorities through public policy initiatives and education; as of 2007, the NAACP had 425,000 paying and non-paying members. The NAACP's non-current records are housed at the Library of Congress, which has served as the organization's official repository since 1964; the records held there comprise five million items spanning the NAACP's history from the time of its founding until 2003. In 2011, the NAACP teamed with the digital repository ProQuest to digitize and host online the earlier portion of its archives, through 1972 – nearly two million pages of documents, from the national and branch offices throughout the country, which offer first-hand insight into the organization's work related to such crucial issues as lynching, school desegregation, discrimination in all its aspects.
The Pan-American Exposition of 1901 in Buffalo, New York featured many American innovations and achievements, but included a disparaging caricature of slave life in the South as well as a depiction of life in Africa, called "Old Plantation" and "Darkest Africa," respectively. A local African American women, Mary Talbert of Ohio was appalled by the exhibit, as a similar one in Paris highlighted black achievements, she informed W. E. B. DuBois of the situation, a coalition began to form. In 1905, a group of thirty-two prominent African-American leaders met to discuss the challenges facing African Americans and possible strategies and solutions, they were concerned by the Southern states' disenfranchisement of blacks starting with Mississippi's passage of a new constitution in 1890. Through 1908, southern legislatures dominated by white Democrats ratified new constitutions and laws creating barriers to voter registration and more complex election rules. In practice, this caused the exclusion of most blacks and many poor whites from the political system in southern states, crippling the Republican Party in most of the South.
Black voter registration and turnout dropped markedly in the South as a result of such legislation. Men, voting for thirty years in the South were told they did not "qualify" to register. White-dominated legislatures passed segregation and Jim Crow laws; because hotels in the US were segregated, the men convened in Canada at the Erie Beach Hotel on the Canadian side of the Niagara River in Fort Erie, Ontario. As a result, the group came to be known as the Niagara Movement. A year three non-African-Americans joined the group: journalist William English Walling, a wealthy socialist. Moskowitz, Jewish, was also Associate Leader of the New York Society for Ethical Culture, they met in 1906 at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, in 1907 in Boston, Massachusetts. The fledgling group struggled for a time with limited resources and internal conflict, disbanded in 1910. Seven of the members of the Niagara Movement joined the Board of Directors of the NAACP, founded in 1909. Although both organizations shared membership and overlapped for a time, the Niagara Movement was a separate organiz
Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor put 22 actors and actresses under contract and honored each with a star on the logo. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only; the company's headquarters and studios are located at 5555 Melrose Avenue, California, United States. Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film Company and Pathé, followed by the Nordisk Film company, Universal Studios, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles.
Paramount Pictures dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company. Hungarian-born founder Adolph Zukor, an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, Zukor was on his way to success, its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth. That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish known as Samuel Goldwyn; the Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man. Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson, who had bought and merged several smaller firms.
Hodkinson and actor, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor. Famous Players and Lasky were owned while Paramount was a corporation. In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, merged the three companies into one; the new company Lasky and Zukor founded, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business; because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Reid. With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions.
It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years. The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the Publix Theatres Corporation, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios, became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928. In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg, an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations, they purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became Paramount Publix Corporation. In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps, animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer's Fleischer Studios in New York City.
The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney. The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was one of the first Hollywood studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies", in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris. Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film. By acquiring the successful Balaban & Katz chain in 1926, Zukor gained the services of Barney Balaban, his brother A. J. Balaban, their partner Sam Katz (who would run the Paramount-Publix theatre chain in New York City from the thirty-five-stor