Robert Edward Machado is an American professional surfer and environmental activist. Machado attended San Dieguito High School, he is considered a "soul surfer," or Freesurfer because he does not compete, or is not considered'professionally' active in the sport. Machado hosts and participates in an annual event held at his home reef called the Rob Machado Surf Classic and Beach Fair, an amateur competition for the locals of all ages, it includes demo sessions with Machado and other pros. Machado portrayed "himself" in Surf's Up. Machado starred in his own feature film released in the late 90s titled "Drifting". Additionally, Rob starred in the 2009 film, The Drifter. Machado is a 2011 inductee into the Surfing Walk of Fame in Huntington Beach, California in the surf champion category. Machado formed an organization focused on environmental causes. Machado has won the Hawaii's Pipeline Masters, the U. S. Open of Surfing, the largest surfing event held on the U. S. mainland. Official website
All the Light Above It Too
All the Light Above It Too is the seventh studio album by American musician Jack Johnson. The album was released on September 8, 2017; the album's lead single, titled "My Mind Is for Sale", was released on July 14, 2017. It is the first of Jack's releases since his 2013 album From Here to Now to You. Brushfire Records made a deal with Johnson to release a new album every two years, which set the release date for November 2015, but Jack did not want to write a song. The first song written from the album was "Fragments." The song was written during the filming of the movie The Smog of the Sea. It first started off as a small jam session between the crew, is featured in the movie; as Jack talked about in a "Billboard" Podcast, he didn't know that he was starting the creation of an album with this song. It was. Both of these songs were the ones that represent nature, pollution in our environment, he said that "Subplots" was put at the beginning of the album because it was a great thesis statement for the entire album.
"My Mind Is for Sale" was one of two songs, written about Donald Trump on the album. The song was written just after he won the election and states how Trump is building walls, putting borders around our beautiful world; the song focuses on the immigrant ban that Trump enforced early in his Presidency. The second song about Trump, is the ninth track on the album, "Gather." The song features powerful lyrics such as "Well some of us need to gather, others gonna have to kill. With everybody so pre-occupied, who's gonna pay the bill?" The song talks about everyone focused on the United States presidential election of 2016, how the people should gather together and stand up against making borders. The album was produced by a friend of Johnson, Robbie Lackritz, recorded at Mango Tree Studio, where he recorded most of his other albums; the album was inspired by the sayings of Donald Trump and camping. Johnson had just worked on the short documentary, "Smog of the Sea", released his song "Fragments"; the documentary took a one-week journey through the sea to study animals, sea creatures.
This got Johnson thinking about what Trump has said about pollution and global warming, has included this in his album. Johnson's songs were written while he was camping in the wilderness, or on boats; this was because his home studio is too quiet and you can hear your thoughts when you are trying to write, which makes it not such a productive writing place. "I wrote these songs when I was out of reception and phones can't ring, there's not a lot else to do, so we play a lot of guitar," Johnson says. On these camping and boat trips, Johnson brought his backpack with a ukulele in it and with an acoustic guitar; when Jack wrote the album, he made it feature a more groovy style similar to his 2008 album Sleep Through the Static. Johnson did not have a plan with Brushfire Records to make the record, but decided to make a record by himself, he hopes that the album makes people feel good about such a beautiful world, to come clean about how we feel. The first track of the album called "Subplots" is the introduction to the album which states that all of the other tracks supplement that one which collages all the songs together.
A segment on the song was released on "Outside Online" as a podcast which plays the lines "And all the light up to the sun, all the light above it too is gunna rise and shine." This states that no matter how bad things get, we will always have nature to believe in, cherish. And how the sun just doesn't shine up, but everywhere and to others; the album goes on to tell a large story in chronological order. The first four songs of the album are all political songs, once you reach "Big Sur" you get happy, because it is a happy place to go on vacation. Most of the first four songs are written about current events in the news, predictable coming from Johnson; this is because many of his past songs have been about the news, including "The News", "Cookie Jar", "Good People". In this case the songs give hints about Trump's quote "fake news". On the "Outside Online" podcast, Johnson explained that he has a rule that he has to have a song to express his love with his wife Kim on every album. On this album, that song is "Love Song #16".
"Gather" is a song on the album that talks about people standing up against Trump. The song features a more pop and melodic groove, while Johnson decided to add in several instrumental percussion noises. "Gather" is one of the few songs off of the album to go through full post-production, the style is similar to Beck's album Mellow Gold. The idea of the title of the album came from the first song, recorded on the album called "Subplots". Johnson says that there is so much trouble in the world now with pollution and how a reality tv host became the president of the US, but that there is a beautiful world to appreciate, he decided to name the album "All the Light Above it Too" because it refers to the sun and how it shines in all directions during the day. Few of the songs went through post-production; some of the songs that did go through post production are "My Mind Is for Sale", "Sunsets for Somebody Else", "Gather". The album was recorded at "Mango Tree Studio" in Hawaii just after the election.
Johnson first makes sketches of the songs and records them, but this time the sketches were the final songs. Robbie Lackritz was in the studio during the recording and ad
In Between Dreams
In Between Dreams is the third studio album by singer-songwriter Jack Johnson, released by Brushfire Records in the United States on March 1, 2005. The album received mixed reviews from music critics. However, the album achieved considerable commercial success. In Between Dreams has sold over 15 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of the 21st century; the album cover depicts a mango tree, referring to the Mango Tree, the studio where In Between Dreams was recorded. There is a reference to the mango tree in "Better Together". All lyrics written by Jack Johnson. Musicians: Jack Johnson - vocals and guitars Sam Lapointe - lead guitar Simon Tessier - bassoon Zach Gill - piano on "Good People" and "Sitting, Wishing", accordion on "Belle", melodica on "If I Could" Adam Topol - drums and percussion Merlo Podlewski - bass guitarProduction: Mario Caldato, Jr. - producer, engineer Zachary Von Wilkenstein - Sound producer, backup vocals Robert Carranza - engineer Thomas Campbell - photographer Dave Homcy - photographer Johnald Hernandez - backup vocals The artist-approved sheet music of this album is available through Cherry Lane Music Company in a "Play It Like It Is" guitar folio.
Honolulu Advertiser: "Johnson hits the road, sharing his'Dreams'" - Inspiration behind the songs
Jack Johnson: The Essentials
The Essentials is a compilation album by American musician Jack Johnson. The album features 18 of Jack's greatest hits over eight of his albums; the album was released in Japan only on July 2018 on CD and Digital download. The album featured Mike D's "Big Sur" remix as the lead single; the album debuted at number 68 on the Japanese Albums Chart and has been on the chart for 7 weeks
16 mm film
16 mm film is a popular and economical gauge of film. 16 mm refers to the width of the film. It is used for non-theatrical film-making, or for low-budget motion pictures, it existed as a popular amateur or home movie-making format for several decades, alongside 8 mm film and Super 8 film. Eastman Kodak released the first 16 mm "outfit" in 1923, consisting of a camera, tripod and splicer, for $335. RCA-Victor introduced a 16 mm sound movie projector in 1932, developed an optical sound-on-film 16 mm camera, released in 1935. Eastman Kodak introduced 16 mm film in 1923, as a less expensive alternative to 35 mm film for amateurs. During the 1920s, the format was referred to as sub-standard by the professional industry. Kodak hired Willard Beech Cook from his 28 mm Pathescope of America company to create the new 16 mm'Kodascope Library'. In addition to making home movies, people could buy or rent films from the library, a key selling aspect of the format. Intended for amateur use, 16 mm film was one of the first formats to use acetate safety film as a film base.
Kodak never used nitrate film for the format. 35 mm nitrate was discontinued in 1952. The silent 16 mm format was aimed at the home enthusiast, but by the 1930s it had begun to make inroads into the educational market; the addition of optical sound tracks and, most notably, Kodachrome in 1935, gave an enormous boost to its popularity. The format was used extensively during World War II, there was a huge expansion of 16 mm professional filmmaking in the post-war years. Films for government, business and industrial clients created a large network of 16 mm professional filmmakers and related service industries in the 1950s and 1960s; the advent of television production enhanced the use of 16 mm film for its advantage of cost and portability over 35 mm. At first used as a news-gathering format, the 16 mm format was used to create television programming shot outside the confines of the more rigid television studio production sets; the home movie market switched to the less expensive 8 mm and Super 8 mm film formats.
16 mm, using light cameras, was extensively used for television production in many countries before portable video cameras appeared. In Britain, the BBC's Ealing-based film department made significant use of 16mm film and, during its peak, employed over 50 film crews. Throughout much of the 1960s-1990s period, these crews made use of cameras such as the Arriflex SP and Eclair NPR in combination with quarter-inch sound recorders, such as the Nagra III. Using these tools, film department crews would work on some of the most significant programmes produced by the BBC, including Man Alive and Chronicle. Made up of five people, these small crews were able to work efficiently and in hostile environments, were able to shoot an entire programme with a filming ratio of less than 5:1. Replacing analog video devices, digital video has made significant inroads in television production use. 16 mm is still in use in its Super 16 ratio for low-cost productions. Two perforation pitches are available for 16 mm film.
One specification, known as "long pitch", has a spacing of 0.3000 inch and is used for print and reversal film stocks. Negative and intermediate film stocks have perforations spaced 0.2994 in. Known as "short pitch"; these differences allow for the sharpest and smoothest possible image when making prints using a contact printer. Film stocks are available in either'single-perf' or'double-perf', meaning the film is perforated on either one or both edges. A perforation for 16 mm film is 0.0720 in wide by 0.05 in tall with a radius curve on all four corners of 0.0101 in. Tolerances are ±0.0004 in.. The picture-taking area of standard 16 mm is 10.26 mm by 7.49 mm, an aspect ratio of 1.37:1, the standard pre-widescreen Academy ratio for 35 mm. The "nominal" picture projection area is 0.380 in by 0.284 in, the maximum picture projection area is 0.384 in by 0.286 in, each implying an aspect ratio of 1.34:1. Double-perf 16 mm film, the original format, has a perforation at both sides of every frame line.
Single-perf is perforated at one side only, making room for an optical or magnetic soundtrack along the other side. The variant called Super 16 mm, Super 16, or 16 mm Type W is an adaptation of the 1.66 aspect ratio of the'Paramount format' to 16 mm film. It was developed by Swedish cinematographer Rune Ericson in 1969, using single-sprocket film and taking advantage of the extra room for an expanded picture area of 7.41 mm by 12.52 mm. Super 16 cameras are 16 mm cameras that have had the film gate and ground glass in the viewfinder modified for the wider frame, since this process widens the frame by affecting only one side of the film, the various cameras' front mounting plate or turret areas must be re-machined to shift and re-center the mounts for any taking lenses used; because the resulting, Super 16 aspect-ratio takes up the space reserved for the 16mm soundtrack, films shot in this format must be enlarged by optical printing to 35 mm for sound-projection, and, in order to preserve the proper 1.66:1, or 1.85:1 theatrical aspect ratios which this format was designed to provide.
And, with the recent development of digital intermediate workflows, it is now possible to digitally enlarge to a 35 mm sound print with no quality loss, or alternatively to use high-quality video equipment f
Bodysurfing is the art and sport of riding a wave without the assistance of any buoyant device such as a surfboard or bodyboard. Bodysurfers equip themselves with a pair of swimfins that aid propulsion and help the bodysurfer catch and kick out of waves; some bodysurfers use a ‘handplane’, which helps get your chest out of the water to reduce drag. Some of the best waves for bodysurfing are steep, tubing beachbreak waves that are unsuitable for boardsurfing; the Wedge, in Newport Beach, California, a ferocious sand-pounding peak wave aptly described by Sports Illustrated in 1971 as "a great big screaming shorebreak," has for decades been bodysurfing's most fearsome and famous break. Other regions with world-class bodysurfing waves include Hossegor, Puerto Escondido, Nazaré. Distinguished bodysurfers include Buffalo Barry Holt of Hawaii. Hawaiian lifeguard Mark Cunningham, a sublimely smooth master at the board-dominated Pipeline, was unanimously regarded as the world's premier bodysurfer from the mid-1970s to the early'90s.
Nothing factual is known about the origins of bodysurfing, but it's possible that humans were inspired to emulate wave-riding sea animals such as dolphins and seals. Bodysurfing predates board-surfing, which itself, University of Hawaii anthropologist Ben Finney suggests, may date as far back as 2000 B. C. Recorded bodysurfing history, begins after that of board-surfing. In 1899, Australian Fred Williams was taught to bodysurf by Tommy Tanna, a Polynesian islander brought to Sydney to work as a gardener. Bodysurfing was first popularized in the United States during the mid-'20s by Olympic swimmer Wally O'Conner of Los Angeles, who would visit local beaches and draw an audience by diving underwater while facing an incoming wave, do a push-turn off the sand burst out of the shore-bound white water. In 1931, Los Angeles bodysurfer Ron Drummond published The Art of Wave-Riding, a 26-page primer on bodysurfing basics, the first book of any kind on surfing. California surfer Owen Churchill visited Hawaii the following year and noticed that locals were able to increase the power of their kick stroke—and therefore catch waves easier—after fixing palm fronds to their feet with tar.
Churchill kept the idea in the back of his mind, in 1940 introduced what would become a bodysurfing equipment standard: the Churchill "Duck Feet" swim fin. In another breakthrough, around the same time, Santa Monica lifeguard Cal Porter taught himself how to ride at an angle across the wave face rather than straight to the beach. Tens of thousands of coast-dwelling Americans had by that time taken to waves. A bodysurfing article published in 1940 by Life magazine, "Surf-Riding is a Favorite Summertime Sport," noted that "almost every boy and girl is an expert surf-rider." Board-surfing, mat-riding, bodyboarding would all become popular in the years and decades to come—and gain far more attention—but bodysurfing, practiced by tourists and day visitors during the warmer months, has always remained the most popular form of wave-riding. Bodysurfing has a definitive world championship. A limited number of individual contests, have long been attended by a small international cadre of full-time bodysurfers.
Two of the biggest events, both founded in 1977, are the Oceanside World Bodysurfing Championship, held in midsummer, the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic held in January. The Pipeline Classic, long regarded as the sport's most prestigious contest, became the first professional bodysurfing contest in 1980, but soon returned to amateur status after organizers were unable to find sponsors; the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic competition runs at the world-famous Banzai Pipeline. The Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic first ran in February 1971, continues to carry on to present day hosted by The North Shore Lifeguard Association, RVCA. Among the bodysurfing population at large, the Pipeline bodysurfing contest is considered the premier event internationally, it is one of the only times a professional bodysurfing competition has exclusive access to the Pipeline's favorable winter waves. The Da Hui Invitational Pipeline Bodysurfing Expression Session was held in March 2014, it consisted of a different format than the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic and awards were given to riders for Best Wave, Best Tube, Best Wipeout, Best Trick, Top Individual Performance and Top Team Performance.
Other high profile contests include the Santa Cruz Bodysurfing Championships, the Bodysurfing Contest Puerto Escondido, Masters of the Temple at Nazaré, la Coupe de France de bodysurf. Included among the small number of bodysurfing video titles are Primal Surf, Pure Blue, Come Hell or High Water. Bodysurfing has been featured in more than a dozen surf movies and videos, including Barefoot Adventure, Gun Ho!, The Endless Summer, Going Surfin', We Got Surf. The Art of Bodysurfing, a paperba
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, mode of audience reception", continually evolving and is without clear boundaries. Documentary films were called'actuality' films and were only a minute or less in length. Over time documentaries have evolved to be longer in length and to include more categories, such as educational and even'docufiction'. Documentaries are educational and used in schools to teach various principles. Social media platforms such as YouTube, have allowed documentary films to improve the ways the films are distributed and able to educate and broaden the reach of people who receive the information. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film, he wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de l'histoire and La photographie animée.
Both were published in 1898 in French and among the early written works to consider the historical and documentary value of the film. Matuszewski is among the first filmmakers to propose the creation of a Film Archive to collect and keep safe visual materials. In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana, published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer". Grierson's principles of documentary were that cinema's potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form. In this regard, Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, with this position at variance with Soviet film-maker Dziga Vertov's provocation to present "life as it is" and "life caught unawares"; the American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film, dramatic." Others further state that a documentary stands out from the other types of non-fiction films for providing an opinion, a specific message, along with the facts it presents.
Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects. It refers to what people do with media devices, content and production strategies in order to address the creative and conceptual problems and choices that arise as they make documentaries. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of advocacy, or personal expression. Early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event, they were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations. Films showing many people were made for commercial reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States.
In May 1896, Bolesław Matuszewski recorded on film few surigical operations in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg hospitals. In 1898, French surgeon Eugène-Louis Doyen invited Bolesław Matuszewski and Clément Maurice and proposed them to recorded his surigical operations, they started in Paris a series of surgical films sometime before July 1898. Until 1906, the year of his last film, Doyen recorded more than 60 operations. Doyen said that his first films taught him how to correct professional errors he had been unaware of. For scientific purposes, after 1906, Doyen combined 15 of his films into three compilations, two of which survive, the six-film series Extirpation des tumeurs encapsulées, the four-film Les Opérations sur la cavité crânienne; these and five other of Doyen's films survive. Between July 1898 and 1901, the Romanian professor Gheorghe Marinescu made several science films in his neurology clinic in Bucharest: Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy, The Walking Troubles of Organic Paraplegies, A Case of Hysteric Hemiplegy Healed Through Hypnosis, The Walking Troubles of Progressive Locomotion Ataxy, Illnesses of the Muscles.
All these short films have been preserved. The professor called his works "studies with the help of the cinematograph," and published the results, along with several consecutive frames, in issues of "La Semaine Médicale" magazine from Paris, between 1899 and 1902. In 1924, Auguste Lumiere recognized the merits of Marinescu's science films: "I've seen your scientific reports about the usage of the cinematograph in studies of nervous illnesses, when I was still receiving "La Semaine Médicale," but back I had other concerns, which left me no spare time to begin biological studies. I must say I am thankful to you that you reminded them to me. Not many scientists have followed your way." Travelogue films were popular in the early part of the 20th century. They were referred to by distributors as "scenics." Scenics were among the most popu