Futurama is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series follows the adventures of slacker Philip J. Fry, cryonically preserved for 1000 years and is revived in the 31st century. Fry finds work at an interplanetary delivery company; the series was envisioned by Groening in the mid-1990s while working on The Simpsons. In the United States, the series aired on Fox from March 28, 1999, to August 10, 2003, aired in reruns on Cartoon Network's Adult Swim from 2003 to 2007, it was revived in 2007 as four direct-to-video films, the last of, released in early 2009. Comedy Central entered into an agreement with 20th Century Fox Television to syndicate the existing episodes and air the films as 16 new, half-hour episodes, constituting a fifth season. In June 2009, Comedy Central picked up the show for 26 new half-hour episodes, which began airing in 2010 and 2011; the show was renewed for a final, seventh season, with the first half airing in 2012 and the second in 2013.
The series finale aired in September 2013. An audio-only episode featuring the original cast members was released in 2017 as an episode of The Nerdist Podcast. Futurama was nominated for 17 Annie Awards, winning seven, 12 Emmy Awards, winning six, it was nominated four times for a Writers Guild of America Award, winning for the episodes "Godfellas" and "The Prisoner of Benda". It was nominated for a Nebula Award and received Environmental Media Awards for the episodes "The Problem with Popplers" and "The Futurama Holiday Spectacular". Merchandise includes a tie-in comic book series, video games, calendars and figurines. In 2013, TV Guide ranked Futurama one of the top 60 Greatest TV Cartoons of All Time; the television network Fox expressed a strong desire in the mid-1990s for Matt Groening to create a new series, he began conceiving Futurama during this period. In 1996, he enlisted David X. Cohen a writer and producer for The Simpsons, to assist in developing the show; the two spent time researching science fiction books, television shows, films.
When they pitched the series to Fox in April 1998, Groening and Cohen had composed many characters and story lines. Groening described trying to get the show on the air as "by far the worst experience of my grown-up life". Fox ordered thirteen episodes. After, Fox feared the themes of the show were not suitable for the network and Groening and Fox executives argued over whether the network would have any creative input into the show. With The Simpsons, the network has no input. Fox was disturbed by the concept of suicide booths, Doctor Zoidberg, Bender's anti-social behavior. Groening explains, "When they tried to give me notes on Futurama, I just said:'No, we're going to do this just the way we did Simpsons.' And they said,'Well, we don't do business that way anymore.' And I said,'Oh, that's the only way I do business.'" The episode "I, Roommate" was produced to address Fox's concerns, with the script written to their specifications. Fox disliked the episode, but after negotiations, Groening received the same independence with Futurama.
The name Futurama comes from a pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair. Designed by Norman Bel Geddes, the Futurama pavilion depicted how he imagined the world would look in 1959. Many other titles were considered for the series, including "Aloha, Mars!" and "Doomsville", which Groening notes were "resoundly rejected, by everyone concerned with it". It takes six to nine months to produce an episode of Futurama; the long production time results in several episodes being worked on simultaneously. Groening and Cohen served as executive producers and showrunners during the show's entire run, functioned as creative consultants. Ken Keeler became an executive producer for subsequent seasons; the planning for each episode began with a table meeting of writers, who discussed the plot ideas as a group. The writers are given index cards with plot points that they are required to use as the center of activity in each episode. A single staff writer wrote an outline and produced a script. Once the first draft of a script was finished, the writers and executive producers called in the actors for a table read.
After this script reading, the writers collaborated to rewrite the script as a group before sending it to the animation team. At this point the voice recording was started and the script was out of the writers' hands; the writing staff held three Ph. D.s, seven master's degrees, cumulatively had more than 50 years at Harvard University. Series writer Patric M. Verrone stated, "we were the most overeducated cartoon writers in history". Futurama had eight main cast members. Billy West performed the voices of Philip J. Fry, Professor Farnsworth, Doctor Zoidberg, Zapp Brannigan and many other incidental characters. West auditioned for "just about every part", landing the roles of the Doctor Zoidberg. Although West read for Fry, his friend Charlie Schlatter was given the role of Fry. Due to a casting change, West was given the role. West claims that the voice of Fry is deliberately modeled on his own, so as to make it difficult for another person to replicate the voice. Doctor Zoidberg's voice was based on George Jessel.
The character of Zapp Brannigan was created and intended to be performed by Phil Hartman. Hartman insisted on auditioning for the role, "just nailed it" according to Groening. Due to Hartman's death, West was given the role. West states that his version of Zapp Brannigan was an imitation of Hartm
Nicholas Offerman is an American actor, writer and carpenter, known for his role as Ron Swanson in the NBC sitcom Parks and Recreation, for which he received the Television Critics Association Award for Individual Achievement in Comedy and was twice nominated for the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series. Offerman is known for his role in The Founder, in which he portrays Dick McDonald, one of the brothers who developed the fast food chain McDonald's, his first major television role since the end of Parks and Recreation was as Karl Weathers in the FX series Fargo, for which he received a Critics' Choice Television Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in a Movie/Miniseries. Offerman was born in Joliet and grew up in nearby Minooka, he is the son of Cathy, a nurse, Ric Offerman, who taught social studies at a junior high school in nearby Channahon. Offerman was raised Catholic, he received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1993.
That year, he and a group of fellow students co-founded the Defiant Theatre, a Chicago-based theatre company. Offerman lived in Chicago in the mid-1990s, where he participated with theatre companies such as Steppenwolf and Wisdom Bridge. At Steppenwolf, he worked as a fight choreographer and master carpenter. During this time, Offerman became acquainted with Amy Poehler, involved with the Chicago improv comedy scene. In 2003, he married Will & Grace actress Megan Mullally and has appeared on her talk show, The Megan Mullally Show. At the same time, he began appearing on television: as a plumber on Will & Grace during its fourth season's Thanksgiving episode, on The King of Queens, in three episodes of 24, in an episode of The West Wing. Prior to Parks and Recreation, his most prominent role was as factory worker and Benny Lopez's love interest Randy McGee on George Lopez, he appeared twice on Gilmore Girls, in 2003's "The Festival of Living Art" and 2005's "Always a Godmother, Never a God". Offerman played would-be assassin of Wild Bill Hickok, Tom Mason, in an early episode of the HBO series Deadwood and in the third-season episode of Monk, "Mr. Monk and the Election" as a helper for the campaign of Natalie Teeger.
In 2007, Offerman co-starred in the Comedy Central series American Body Shop. In 2009, The Office producers Michael Schur and Greg Daniels offered Offerman a regular supporting role in their NBC sitcom Parks and Recreation: that of Ron Swanson, the deadpan, government-hating, libertarian head of a city parks department and boss of Amy Poehler's character Leslie Knope. Slate magazine declared Offerman "Parks and Recreation's secret weapon", said he stole scenes and "has a gift for understated physical comedy." The role weaves antagonism and political philosophy with humanity, while the intense libertarian philosophy the character lives out is played off against the intense liberalism and'do-gooder' mentality of Poehler's character. Offerman said that supporting parts such as that of Parks and Recreation are his ideal roles, that he draws particular inspiration from Reverend Jim Ignatowski, the character played by Christopher Lloyd in the sitcom Taxi. Offerman has been featured in the Adult Swim series Childrens Hospital with Rob Corddry and Rob Huebel.
He is the voice of Axe Cop in the animated series of the same name that premiered on July 27, 2013. In the same year, Offerman portrayed Johnny Cool in the "Boston" episode of Derek Waters' Drunk History on Comedy Central. Offerman has appeared in films, such as November, Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous, Sin City, The Men Who Stare at Goats and The Kings of Summer, he appeared in the 2006 film Wristcutters: A Love Story as a cop who attempts to arrest Shannyn Sossamon's character, Mikal. 2012 saw him in two film roles, as 21 Jump Street's Deputy Chief Hardy and in Casa de Mi Padre as DEA Agent Parker. He reprised his role as Deputy Chief Hardy in 22 Jump Street two years later. Additionally, he starred in and produced an independent film, Somebody Up There Likes Me, shot in Austin, Texas, he appeared in the 2013 comedy We're the Millers, which starred Jason Sudeikis and Jennifer Aniston, voiced MetalBeard in The Lego Movie. Offerman conceived of and starred in punk band FIDLAR's 2013 video for their song "Cocaine".
Offerman played an alcoholic college guidance counselor in Believe Me. Offerman played the recurring role Karl Weathers in the second season of Fargo. Offerman voiced Grandpa Mike alongside wife Megan Mullally who voiced Grandma Linda in Hotel Transylvania 2, he portrayed the first establisher of Dick McDonald, in The Founder. Nick Offerman starred in alternative rock band They Might Be Giants' 2018 video for their song "The Greatest". In addition to acting, Offerman is a professional boat builder and has a side business as a wood craftsman. Offerman makes other wooden structures such as canoes and boats at his woodshop, he released an instructional DVD in 2008 titled Fine Woodstrip Canoe Building with Nick Offerman, shot by Jimmy DiResta. DiResta's pay for shooting the DVD was a canoe, the second Offerman has built. Offerman has released three semi-autobiographical publications: the first, Paddle Your Own Canoe: One Man's Fundamentals for Delicious Living was released in 2013. Actor/comedian Nick Offerman has announced he'll be heading back on tour in 2019 visiting 37 cities across Ame
Charles Montgomery "Monty" Burns referred to as Mr. Burns, is a recurring character of the animated television series The Simpsons, he is voiced by Harry Shearer. He is the evil and wealthy owner of the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant and is Homer Simpson's boss, he is assisted at all times by Waylon Smithers, his loyal and sycophantic aide, adviser and secret admirer. Although conceived as a one-dimensional, recurring villain who might enter the Simpsons' lives and wreak some sort of havoc, Mr. Burns' popularity has led to his repeated inclusion in episodes, he is a stereotype of corporate America in his unquenchable desire to increase his own wealth and power, inability to remember his employees' names and lack of concern for their safety and well-being. Reflecting his advanced age, Mr. Burns is given to expressing dated humor, making references to Jazz Age popular culture, aspiring to apply obsolete technology to everyday life. Conan O'Brien has called Mr. Burns his favorite character to write for, due to his arbitrarily old age and extreme wealth.
Mr. Burns' trademark expression is the word "Excellent", muttered in a low, sinister voice while steepling his fingertips, he orders Smithers to "release the hounds", so as to let his vicious guard dogs attack any intruders, enemies or invited guests. Mr. Burns is Springfield's most powerful citizen, he uses his power and wealth to do whatever he wants without regard for consequences and without interference from the authorities. These qualities led Wizard Magazine to rate him the 45th greatest villain of all time. TV Guide named him #2 in their 2013 list of The 60 Nastiest Villains of All Time. In 2016, Rolling Stone ranked him #8 of their "40 Greatest TV Villains of All Time"; as the primary antagonist, Mr. Burns spends his time in his office at the nuclear plant, monitoring his workers via closed-circuit cameras. At an early age, Mr. Burns left his family to live with a twisted and heartless billionaire who owned an "atom mill" in Shelbyville, he would amuse himself by injuring immigrant laborers.
Mr. Burns attended Yale University, where he studied science and business, joined Skull and Bones, competed in the "etherweight" wrestling class, graduated in the class of 1914. At his 25-year college reunion, he became romantically involved with the daughter of an old flame, she would bear his child, Larry Burns, given up for adoption and would enter Mr. Burns' life briefly. Mr. Burns has been engaged at least three times: to a woman named Gertrude who died of loneliness and rabies, to Marge Simpson's mother Jacqueline Bouvier, to a meter maid named Gloria. Mr. Burns enlisted in the United States Army during World War II, served as a member of Springfield's Flying Hellfish squad under Master Sergeant Abraham Simpson and saw action in the Ardennes during the Battle of the Bulge. On he was shipped to the Pacific Theater and was a co-pilot along with Abe Simpson and his brother, Cyrus. Mr. Burns and Abe were stuck on an island. At the end of World War II he was hired by President Harry S. Truman to transport a specially-printed trillion dollar bill to Europe as the United States' contribution to the reconstruction of Europe.
As the United States' richest citizen, Mr. Burns was thought to be the most trustworthy. Mr. Burns absconded with the bill and kept it in his possession for many years until it was lost to Fidel Castro in "The Trouble with Trillions". In "Homer the Smithers", it is revealed that Mr. Burns' mother is still alive at the age of 122 years, although Mr. Burns dislikes speaking to her, because she had an affair with President William Howard Taft and she refers to him as an "improvident lackwit". Furthermore, because she is so old, the only things she can do are pick up the phone and yell. Mr. Burns resides in a vast, ornate mansion on an immense estate called Burns Manor, on the corner of Mammon and Croesus Streets, it is protected by a high wall, an electrified fence, a pack of vicious attack dogs known as "The Hounds". Mr. Burns subjects Springfield and its residents to his abuse and there is a general dislike of him throughout the town. Mr. Burns has blackmailed and bribed various officials in Springfield, including Mayor Quimby and its nuclear safety inspectors.
He employed his wealth to make an unsuccessful run for governor, only to be denied his chance to be Governor by Marge Simpson. He once blocked out the sun to force Springfield residents to increase their use of electricity produced by his nuclear plant and was subsequently shot by Maggie. Mr. Burns' extreme old age is a frequent source of humor on the show, he is referred to as "Springfield's oldest resident". When Smithers informs him that Mr. Burns' credit card PIN is his age, he types four digits in his answer; when Lisa Simpson is researching her ancestors from the American Civil War, she comes across a Colonel Burns in the journal one of Mr. Burns' earlier ancestors. However, when Lisa mentions him, Mr. Burns replies by saying that he hasn't heard his father's name in years. In other episodes, his birthplace is Pangea, his national anthem implies he originates from Austria-Hungary, he mentions the possibility of an update on the Siege of Khartoum, implying that he wa
Clown in the Dumps
"Clown in the Dumps" is the season premiere of the twenty-sixth season of the American animated television series The Simpsons, the 553rd episode of the series overall. It first aired in the United States on the Fox network on September 28, 2014, with "The Simpsons Guy", a crossover episode of Family Guy with The Simpsons, airing afterwards; this episode was dedicated in memory of Louis Castellaneta, the father of The Simpsons voice actor Dan Castellaneta. It was written by Joel H. Cohen and directed by Steven Dean Moore, with Don Hertzfeldt directing a sequence in the opening titles. Jeff Ross, Sarah Silverman and David Hyde Pierce guest starred as themselves, with Jackie Mason and Kelsey Grammer reprising their respective roles as Rabbi Krustofski and Sideshow Bob, while Maurice LaMarche voiced several minor characters. In the episode, Krusty the Clown is offended by a comedy roast and asks his father, Rabbi Krustofski, if he believes that he is funny, his father disagrees and dies, leaving Krusty upset that his father did not admire his work.
After an alcohol-induced coma, Krusty vows to do good in the world, with the help of Bart discovers that his father did enjoy his work. Meanwhile, due to the death of Krusty's father, Lisa obsesses over the health and safety of her father Homer. In October 2013, during the promotion of the previous season of the show, executive producer Al Jean revealed that a character would die in this episode. In July 2014, on the announcement of the title of the episode, several media outlets incorrectly presumed that Krusty would die; the choice of character to die was deemed by some critics as anti-climactic due to Rabbi Krustofski's minor role in the show, although other reviewers praised its conclusion to the relationship between Krusty and his father. Krusty the Clown appears on a comedy roast by Jeff Ross and Sarah Silverman, is offended by them, he seeks the advice of Rabbi Krustofski, on whether he is funny. As his father's last words seemed to be dismissive, believing that nobody finds him funny anymore, Krusty quits his show.
Bart attempts to reinspire Krusty by showing him old episodes of the show, but he picks up on the repetitive nature of his own jokes, binge drinks in anger. He has a vision of himself in Jewish Heaven, where he meets Rodney Dangerfield. Rabbi Krustofski appears and tells Krusty that Jews do not believe in Heaven, thus he should do more to help others. An act of kindness does not seem to make him happier, but Bart takes Krusty to the synagogue, where Rabbi Krustofski's favorite Rabbi recites Krusty's jokes on religion. Krusty therefore deduces that his father did find him funny, sees him again in Jewish Heaven, where Jesus turns Dangerfield's water into a Bloody Mary. Triggered by the death of Krusty's father, Lisa becomes obsessed with protecting her own father, from getting hurt, she wraps him in bubble wrap, which ends up saving his life when Otto's school bus plows into the garden. Marge and Bart talk some sense into Lisa, that while it is nice of her to be concerned for her father, she should not force Homer to take it easy on himself and just let him live his life.
In October 2013, in a conference to promote the 25th season of the show, producer Al Jean revealed that a major character would die in this episode. He stated that the character would have appeared more than twice in the show, be voiced by an Emmy Award-winning voice actor who won an Emmy for the role as the character; that month, following the death of Marcia Wallace, it was confirmed that it would not be her character, Edna Krabappel. Voice actor Hank Azaria, whose roles include Apu Nahasapeemapetilon and Moe Szyslak, stated that it would not be one of his characters, it was shown at the 2014 Comic-Con that it would not be Homer, although there is a scene that features Lisa worrying about Homer's health as he struggles with a CPAP mask. In July 2014, when Jean announced the title of the episode at the Television Critics Association summer tour, several news outlets suspected that Krusty the Clown would be killed off. Jean told of his surprise at this theory, saying "I was like,'What? "In the dumps" doesn't mean you're dead.
It means you're sad.' I thought. I would be nuts to kill Krusty. Everybody loves that character", he said. It's not going to be this blood bath where they all get murdered."Jean confirmed that the possibility was open for Jackie Mason to reprise his role as Rabbi Krustofski in dreams or flashbacks, that Krusty would become a more generous character in the knowledge that his father admired his work. After the episode "Simpsorama" on in the season, which implied that Ralph Wiggum would die in 2017, Jean told Entertainment Weekly that he had "learned lesson" from the death of Rabbi Krustofski, therefore there would be no more deaths in the series; the first instance was in the 28th season episode "The Nightmare After Krustmas", aired in December 2016, Rabbi Krustofsky appears when Krusty has a near-death experience while being baptized in icy water for his conversion to Christianity. In addition to Mason, the episode guest starred Jeff Ross and Sarah Silverman as themselves roasting Krusty. Maurice LaMarche voiced both a television critic and the late comedian Rodney Dangerfield, who had himself guest starred on the show in the 1996 episode "Burns, Baby Burns".
Kelsey Grammer reprised his role as Sideshow Bob in a scene showing him arguing with his replacement on Krusty's show, Sideshow Mel. David Hyde Pierce, who had appeared as Bob's brother Cecil, had a cameo as himself acti
Robert Charles Siegel is an American radio journalist. He was one of the co-hosts of the National Public Radio evening news broadcast All Things Considered from 1987 until his retirement in January 2018. Siegel was born June 1947 in New York City, to parents Joseph and Edith Siegel, his father was a commercial education teacher, his mother a secretary at Stuyvesant High School. He grew up at Stuyvesant Town—Peter Cooper Village, his maternal grandfather claimed to descend from rabbinical scholar Mordechai Yoffe and Siegel has identified on-air as Jewish. After graduating in 1964 from Stuyvesant, Siegel studied at Columbia University, graduating in 1968. During this time he was an anchor for the reporting of the 1968 Columbia demonstrations at the college radio station, WKCR-FM. Siegel's first professional broadcasting job was at WGLI in Babylon, New York, where he "did morning newscasts and a show, part phone-ins, part Top Forty, all under the pseudonym Bob Charles." After a year at Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, Siegel left academia for good and worked for WRVR in New York from 1971 to 1976.
Siegel was hired as a newscaster for NPR in Washington, D. C. in 1976, he has held various news and production jobs at NPR since then. In broadcasts prior to the Panama Canal Treaty debates, he was referred to as "Bob," rather than his preferred "Robert." From 1979 to 1983 he was based in London. Upon his return to America, he became the director of the News and Information Department, was responsible for overseeing production of both All Things Considered and Morning Edition, as well as the creation of Weekend Edition. Since 1987, he has been a host of All Things Considered, he took a short break in 1992 to host Talk of NPR's call-in talk show. In 2010, Siegel was presented with the John Chancellor Award for Excellence in Journalism by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. Additionally, Siegel has won three Silver Batons from Alfred I. DuPont-Columbia University, as well as the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award. In April 2017, Siegel announced, his last day on the program was January 5, 2018.
Siegel has made cameo appearances in several television shows, including The Simpsons, Northern Exposure, BoJack Horseman and the film Yesterday Was a Lie. On the week of June 5, 2018, Siegel guest-hosted NPR's On Point. In 1973 Siegel married Jane Claudia Schwartz, who works for the United States Department of Commerce. Robert Siegel on IMDb
Allen Kelsey Grammer is an American actor, voice actor, singer, director and activist, best known for his two-decade-long portrayal of psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane on the NBC sitcoms Cheers and Frasier, he has won five Primetime Emmy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, one Tony Award, has worked as a television producer and writer. Grammer was born February 21, 1955, in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, U. S. Virgin Islands, the son of Sally, a singer and actress, Frank Allen Grammer, Jr. a musician and owner of a coffee shop and a bar and grill called Greer's Place. He had one younger sister. Grammer and his sister Karen were subsequently raised by their mother and grandparents in New Jersey; the family relocated to Florida, shortly afterwards his grandfather died when Kelsey was twelve. Two years in 1968, Frank Allen Grammer, his father, was murdered. In 1975, his sister Karen was raped and murdered after a work shift at the age of 18. In 1980, his two half-brothers died while scuba diving in the Virgin Islands.
Grammer attended a private preparatory school in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It was there that he first began to perform on stage. From the age of 16, with his mother's approval, he began to smoke a pipe. Grammer won a scholarship to the prestigious Juilliard School, he was a member of Group 6, 1973–1975. He failed to attend classes and was expelled. After leaving Juilliard, Grammer had a three-year internship with the Old Globe Theatre in San Diego in the late 1970s before a stint in 1980 at the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota, he made his Broadway debut in 1981 as "Lennox" in Macbeth, taking the lead role when Philip Anglim withdrew after receiving negative reviews. Grammer played Michael Cassio in a Broadway revival of Othello, with James Earl Jones and Christopher Plummer. In 1983 he performed in the demo of the Stephen Sondheim–James Lapine production Sunday in the Park with George, starring Mandy Patinkin. In 2000, Grammer again played Macbeth on Broadway, in a production. On April 18, 2010, Grammer made his Broadway musical debut playing the role of Georges in a revival of the Jerry Herman/Harvey Fierstein musical La Cage aux Folles, for which he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical.
Grammer originated the roles of Charles Frohman and Captain Hook in the Broadway premiere of the musical Finding Neverland in March 2015, continuing with the roles through June 28, 2015. He returned to the stage from January 19 to April 3, 2016. Most he made an appearance in the West End production of Big Fish. Grammer arrived at iconic television status in 1984 as Dr. Frasier Crane in the NBC sitcom Cheers. Grammer's former Juilliard classmate and Broadway co-star Mandy Patinkin suggested Grammer to the New York casting director, he got what was supposed to be a six-episode job, but ended up as a regular cast member until May 1993, when the show ended. In September 1993 the character became the center of the spin-off Frasier, one of the most successful spin-offs in TV history. In addition to starring, he directed more than 30 episodes during the second half of the series, sang the closing theme "Tossed Salads and Scrambled Eggs." Frasier was nominated for and won many awards during its 11-year run, concluding in May 2004.
Grammer has received 11 consecutive Primetime Emmy Award nominations for his role in Frasier. He won four times tie with Carrol O'Connor, Michael J. Fox and Jim Parsons for the most wins for Primetime Emmy Award for Best Actor in a Comedy Series. In 2001, he negotiated a US$700,000-per-episode salary for Frasier, his 20-year run playing Dr. Frasier Crane ties a length set by James Arness in playing Marshal Matt Dillon on Gunsmoke from 1955 to 1975 but was surpassed by Richard Belzer in playing Det. John Munch on Homicide: Life on the Street and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit since 1993. Frasier Crane had a crossover appearance in 1993 Wings episode "Planes, Trains, & Visiting Cranes". Since Frasier, Grammer has had multiple failed attempts at Television, In 2005, Grammer returned to television, he produced and appeared in an American adaptation of the British show The Sketch Show, which aired on Fox. The main cast consisted of Malcolm Barrett, Kaitlin Olson, Mary Lynn Rajskub and Paul F. Tompkins, as well as Lee Mack from the British version of the show.
Grammer appeared in only short closing segments in each episode. Many of the sketches from the British version were re-created, such as the "California Dreamin'", "English Course", "Sign Language" sketches. Only six episodes of the show were made, it was canceled after only four of them had aired. In 2007, Grammer starred with Patricia Heaton in the American sitcom Back to You, which Fox cancelled after its first season, his next attempt, ABC's Hank, fared worse. It was canceled. Grammer commented, "Honestly, it just wasn't funny."In 2014 Grammer returned to sitcom television in Partners with comedian Martin Lawrence. The Lionsgate-produced show was written and executive produced by Robert L. Boyett and Robert Horn, known for writing hit shows like Family Matters, Living Single, Full House, Designing Women, Perfect Strangers. Despite this the show was cancelled after its first season. In 2011 and 2012, Grammer found temporary success in the Starz drama series Boss as a fictional mayor of Chicago in the mold of Richard J. Daley which premiered in October 2011.
It was his first dramatic TV series. At the 2012 Golden Globe Awards Kelsey Grammer won the award for Best Actor in a Television Series Drama for his role on Boss; the show ran for 18 episodes over two
Catherine Louise Sagal is an American actress and singer-songwriter. She is known for playing Peggy Bundy on Married... with Children, Leela on Futurama, Cate Hennessy on 8 Simple Rules. In the latter role, Sagal worked with John Ritter until his death, leading to Sagal's taking over as the series lead for the remainder of the show's run, she is widely known for her role as Gemma Teller Morrow on the FX series Sons of Anarchy, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama in 2011. Sagal was born in California to a show business family with five children, her father, Boris Sagal, was a Ukrainian-Jewish immigrant who worked as a director, died in 1981 in an accident on the set of the miniseries World War III. Sagal's mother, Sara Zwilling, was a singer producer, television writer who died of heart disease in 1975. Three of Sagal's four siblings are actors: her younger twin sisters and Liz Sagal and brother Joe Sagal. Sagal and her siblings grew up in Los Angeles.
Her godfather is writer Norman Lear. In 2016 both Katey and Norman acknowledged that she was not only his goddaughter, but that he introduced her parents to each other. Sagal has described herself as "culturally Jewish" but with no "formal religious experience." One role was as a receptionist in the detective Columbo installment "Candidate for Crime,", directed by her father. Sagal's first major role was as a newspaper columnist in the series Mary starring Mary Tyler Moore; this led to her being cast as Peggy Bundy on the sitcom Married... with Children. The series ran for eleven years. Sagal brought her own red bouffant wig to audition for the role, with the producers' approval, the look transitioned into the show. After the end of Married... with Children, several more television films followed. In 1998, Matt Groening chose her to provide the character voice of the purple-haired mutant spaceship captain, Leela, in his science-fiction animated comedy Futurama; the show was cancelled after four seasons.
However, syndication on Adult Swim and Comedy Central increased the show's popularity and led Comedy Central to commission a season of Futurama direct-to-DVD films, which the network retransmitted as a 16-episode fifth season. She reprised her role as Leela in these films, in the sixth season that began airing June 24, 2010; the series ended in 2013. Sagal guest-starred as Steven Hyde's mother, in three episodes of That'70s Show, she starred in the short-lived NBC sitcom Tucker in 2000. Sagal was cast as the wife of John Ritter in the sitcom 8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter in 2002. Ritter had completed only three episodes of the second season before his death, the show was cancelled in 2005 after its third season. In 2005 and 2006, Sagal made two appearances on Lost as Helen Norwood. In 2007, she had a role in the season finale of The Winner as Glen Abbot's former teacher, with whom Glen has his first sexual experience. From 2008 to 2014, Sagal starred as Gemma Teller Morrow on the TV show Sons of Anarchy, whose creator, Kurt Sutter, she had married in 2004, four years before the series premiered.
In January 2009, Sagal reunited with David Faustino for an episode of Faustino's show Star-ving. In 2010, she appeared twice more on Lost. In 2009, she starred in the film House Broken with Danny DeVito. In 2010, she returned to the stage in Randy Newman's musical Harps & Angels. In 2013, Sagal had a cameo on Glee as Artie Abrams' mother, she co-starred in Pitch Perfect 2, released in 2015, as the mother of Hailee Steinfeld's character. She next appeared in the biography drama film Bleed as the mother of Vinny Pazienza. On September 9, 2014, Sagal received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. On September 20, 2016, Sagal appeared on The Big Bang Theory as the mother of Penny, she had played the mother of Cuoco's character on 8 Simple Rules. Sagal was a series regular on the CBS sitcom Superior Donuts. Sagal started her career in show business as a songwriter. In 1973, she worked as a backing vocalist including Bob Dylan and Tanya Tucker. In 1976, while a member of The Group with No Name, she contributed to the album Moon over Brooklyn.
She was a member of Bette Midler's backup group The Harlettes in 1978, again from 1982–83. She performed backing vocals on the self-titled Gene Simmons solo album, the Molly Hatchet album Take No Prisoners, on Olivia Newton-John's 1985 single "Soul Kiss." She performed the song "It's the Time for Love" that appears in the movie Silent Rage featuring Chuck Norris. Sagal provided the vocals for "Loose Cannons," the theme song for the 1990 movie of the same name featuring Gene Hackman and Dan Aykroyd. On April 19, 1994, Sagal released her first solo album, Well.... On June 1, 2004, she released Room, she has contributed to the Sons of Anarchy soundtrack. In June 2016, the Human Rights Campaign released a video in tribute to the victims of the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting.