Graciano López Jaena
Graciano López Jaena was a Filipino journalist, orator and national hero, well known for his newspaper, La Solidaridad. Philippine historians regard López Jaena, along with Marcelo H. del Pilar and José Rizal, as the triumvirate of Filipino propagandists. Of these three ilustrados, López Jaena was the first to arrive in Spain and may have begun the Propaganda Movement which advocated the reform of the then-Spanish colony of the Philippines and which led to the armed Philippine Revolution that begun in Manila in 1896; the Propaganda Movement was a key step towards a Philippine national identity. Graciano López Jaena was born in Jaro, Iloilo in the Captaincy General of the Philippines in the Spanish Empire on December 18, 1856, his parents were María Jacoba Jaena. He was baptized on December 20, 1856 at Jaro Church by Plácido de Isana, his godfathers were Rufino Justiniano and John Raphael Mendoza. Feeling that the priesthood was the most noble profession, his mother sent him to study at the St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary in Jaro.
While there, he served as a secretary to his uncle, Claudio López, the honorary vice consul of Portugal in Iloilo. Despite his mother wanting him to become a priest, López Jaena's true ambition was to become a physician. After convincing his parents, he sought enrollment at the University of Santo Tomas but was denied admission because the required Bachelor of Arts degree was not offered at the seminary in Jaro. Instead, he was appointed to the San Juan de Dios Hospital as an apprentice. Due to financial problems, he dropped out and returned to Iloilo to practice medicine. During this period, his visits with the poor began to stir feelings about the injustices that were common. At the age of 18 he wrote the satirical story Fray Botod which depicted a lecherous friar. Botod’s false piety "always had the Virgin and God on his lips no matter how unjust and underhanded his acts are." This incurred the fury of the friars. Although the story was not published, a copy circulated in Iloilo but the friars could not prove that López Jaena was the author.
He got into trouble for refusing to testify that certain prisoners died of natural causes when it was obvious that they had died at the hands of the mayor of Pototan. López Jaena continued to agitate for justice and went to Spain when threats were made on his life. López Jaena sailed for Spain in 1880. There he became a leading speaker for Philippine reform. López Jaena did not finish. Once Rizal reproached Lopéz Jaena for not finishing his medical studies. Graciano replied, "On the shoulders of slaves should not rest a doctor's cape." Rizal countermanded, "The shoulders do not honor the doctor's cape, but the doctor's cape honors the shoulders." He moved to the field of journalism. Losing interest in politics and academic life, he soon enjoyed his life in Madrid. However, his friends forgave him these indiscretions due to his talent with words. Mariano Ponce, another of the Filipino propagandists in Spain observed, "... a deafening ovation followed the close of the peroration, the ladies waved their kerchiefs wildly, the men applauded frantically as they stood up from their seats in order to embrace the speaker."
Rizal noted, "His great love is politics and literature. I do not know for sure whether he loves politics in order to deliver speeches or he loves literature to be a politician." In addition he is remembered by the Filipino people for his literary contributions to the propaganda movement. López Jaena founded La Solidaridad; when the publication office moved from Barcelona to Madrid, the editorship was succeeded to Marcelo H. del Pilar. His talent can be seen in the publication Discursos y Artículos Varios. López Jaena died of tuberculosis on January 20, 1896 in Barcelona, eleven months short of his 40th birthday; the following day, he was buried in a mass grave at the Montjuïc Cemetery of Barcelona. He died in poverty and his remains have not been brought back to the Philippines. December 18, Lopez Jaena's birthday, is a public holiday every year in Iloilo province and Iloilo City. In his honor, the Jaro Plaza was renamed the Graciano López Jaena Park, where there is a statue of him; the Graciano Lopez Jaena Foundation Inc works to continue his legacy and supports various public recognition of his life and works, such as the Dr. Graciano Lopez Jaena Poetry Contest.
An Order of DeMolay Chapter, a youth fraternal group for young men originating in freemasonry, was founded around 1965 in Jaro, named Graciano Lopez-Jaena Chapter because Lopez Jaena was the first and foremost Freemason from Jaro. Numerous Streets throughout the Philippines was named after him in his honor. Fray Botod La Hija del Fraile Esperanzas Portrayed by Ricardo Cepeda in 1997 TV Series Bayani, in episode Graciano López-Jaena: Fray Botod Zaide, Gregorio F.. Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. Agoncillo, Teodoro A.. History of The Filipino People. GAROTECH publishing. Chapter History of the Graciano Lopez Jaena, Order of DeMolay
Central Philippine University
Central Philippine University is a private research university in Iloilo City, Philippines. Established in 1905 through a grant given by the American business magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller under the auspices of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, it is the first Baptist founded and second American university in the Philippines and Asia, it consisted of three separate schools: the Jaro Industrial School for boys, the Bible School that trains christian ministers and workers and the Baptist Missionary Training School for training of women religious workers and missionaries. In 1913, women began to be admitted to the school for boys, in 1920 the school started offering high school education; the school for boys became a junior college and started offering college degrees in 1923 and changed its name to Central Philippine College. In 1936 the junior college became a senior college and two years after it in 1938, the Baptist Missionary Training School for women merged with the theology department of the college.
In 1953, the college attained university status. Iloilo Mission Hospital, the university's hospital, established in 1901 by the Presbyterian Americans, is the first American and Protestant founded hospital in the Philippines, predates the founding of CPU by four years. Central pioneered nursing education in the Philippines, when Presbyterian American missionaries established the Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1906. In the same year, the CPU Republic, the university's official student governing body, was organized, making it as the first established student governing body in South East Asia. Central was the first institution to pioneer the work-study program in the country that were patterned and followed by other institutions; the university maintains to be non-sectarian and independent but affiliated with the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches and maintains fraternal ties with the International Ministries of the American Baptist Churches, known before as the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society.
CPU consists of eighteen schools and colleges that provides instruction in basic education all the way up to the post-graduate levels. In the undergraduate and graduate levels, its disciplines include accountancy, agriculture and sciences, computer studies, engineering, hospitality management, mass communication, medical laboratory science, nursing, pharmacy and fitness, real estate management, rehabilitative science and theology; the Commission on Higher Education has granted the University a full autonomous status, the same government agency that accredited some of its programs as Centers of Excellence and Centers of Development, The Department of Science and Technology has designated the university's College of Engineering both as Department of Science and Technology School and Center for Civil Engineering Education for Western Visayas region. Central is a registered National Landmark by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines and a Philippine Registered Cultural Property by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts.
The annual prestigious national Bombo Music Festival is hosted by the university and is held at the university's Rose Memorial Auditorium. The university has been designated as a Regional Art Center by the Cultural Center of the Philippines, it has been certified as one of the few ISO certified educational institutions in the Philippines by the International Organization for Standardization. The Board of International Ministries of the American Baptist Churches on the other hand, has awarded Central a School of Excellence award. International collaborations and linkages with foreign institutions has earmarked CPU to offer undergraduate and doctorate overseas programs in Chinese and Vietnamese universities. A fine result of it include when the university opened an overseas academic programs jointly with the Thai Nguyen University and Thai Nguyen University of Economics and Business Administration both in Vietnam. CPU alumni and associated people have been recognized in the wide range of fields.
Some of them became pioneer in their distinctions. It include National Artists of the Philippines, laureates of Ramon Magsaysay Award and Rolex Award, Presidential cabinet members, United Nations Consul General, Associate Justice and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, first female General in the Armed Forces of the Philippines, first female General in the Philippine Army, Public Servants and notable Business tycoons. In the early 20th century when the Philippines was opened to the American Protestant missionaries prior and after the Philippines was ceded by Spain to the United States through the 1898 Treaty of Paris after the Spanish–American War, a comity agreement by the Protestant American churches was established that the Philippine islands will be divided into mission territories, thus the Western Visayan region went to the jurisdiction of the Baptists; the origins of Central Philippine University dates back in 1901 when the American Northern Baptists, through its foreign mission board, the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, laid a plan to establish mission schools following the comity agreement of the division of the islands for the evangelical mission and through a benevolent grant given by John D. Rockefeller, an American industrialist and philanthropist.
John D. Rockefeller himself was a devoted Northern Baptist with numerous church r
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as politics, business and art, include materials such as opinion columns, weather forecasts, reviews of local services, birth notices, editorial cartoons, comic strips, advice columns. Most newspapers are businesses, they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, advertising revenue; the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves metonymically called newspapers. Newspapers have traditionally been published in print. However, today most newspapers are published on websites as online newspapers, some have abandoned their print versions entirely. Newspapers developed as information sheets for businessmen. By the early 19th century, many cities in Europe, as well as North and South America, published newspapers; some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record.
Newspapers are published daily or weekly. News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news; the news includes political events and personalities and finance, crime and natural disasters. The paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Most traditional papers feature an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and expressing an opinion on a public issue, opinion articles called "op-eds" written by guest writers, columns that express the personal opinions of columnists offering analysis and synthesis that attempts to translate the raw data of the news into information telling the reader "what it all means" and persuading them to concur. Papers include articles which have no byline. A wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. Besides the aforementioned news and opinions, they include weather forecasts; as of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies and TV shows available on streaming video services like Netflix.
Newspapers have classified ad sections where people and businesses can buy small advertisements to sell goods or services. Most newspapers are businesses, they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, advertising revenue; some newspapers are at least government-funded. The editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government; some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record. Many newspapers, besides employing journalists on their own payrolls subscribe to news agencies, which employ journalists to find and report the news sell the content to the various newspapers; this is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world. Circa 2005, there were 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day; the late 2000s–early 2010s global recession, combined with the rapid growth of free web-based alternatives, has helped cause a decline in advertising and circulation, as many papers had to retrench operations to stanch the losses.
Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7 plunged during the worldwide financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal; the decline in advertising revenues affected both the print and online media as well as all other mediums. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the print-only era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles fro
Negros Oriental called Oriental Negros or Eastern Negros, is a province located in the region of Central Visayas, in the Philippines. It occupies the southeastern half of the large island of Negros, borders Negros Occidental, which comprises the northwestern half, it includes Apo Island, a popular dive site for both local and foreign tourists. Negros Oriental faces Cebu to Siquijor to the south-east; the primary spoken language is Cebuano and the predominant religious denomination is Roman Catholicism. Dumaguete City is seat of government and most populous city of the province. With a population of 1,354,995 inhabitants, it is the second most-populous province in Central Visayas after Cebu, the fifth most-populous province in the Visayas and the 19th most-populous province of the Philippines. Negros, the second largest island in the Visayas and fourth largest island in the Philippines, is believed to have once been part of a larger landmass, but was cut off by rising waters at the end of the last ice age.
Among the early inhabitants of the island were the Negritos and the Austronesians, the Han Chinese, who are merchants. They called the island "Buglas", a native word, believed to mean "cut off". Spanish explorers on the expedition of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi first came to the island in April 1565. Legazpi sent his men to scout the island; because of the strong currents of the Tañon Strait between Cebu and Negros, they were carried for several days and forced to land on the western side of the island. They reported seeing many dark-skinned inhabitants, they called the island "Negros"; the island was sparsely settled at the time, except for a few coastal settlements including Ilog and Binalbagan. In 1571, Legaspi assigned encomiendas on the island to 13 of his men. Augustinian friars began the Christianization of the island the next year; the island was administered as part of the jurisdiction of Oton until 1734 when it became a military district, Ilog became the capital of the island. The capital was transferred to Himamaylan in 1795.
Negros became a politico-military province in 1865 and the capital was transferred to Bacolod. Due to its proximity to Mindanao, the southeastern coasts of Negros was in constant threat from Moro marauders looking for slaves, so watchtowers were built to protect the Christian villages; the Moro raids and Negros Oriental's distance from the Negrense capital of Bacolod, induced 13 Recollectionist priests to petition for the division of the island in July 1876. The island of Negros was divided into the provinces of Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental by a royal decree executed by Governor General Valeriano Weyler on January 1, 1890. Dumaguete was made the only capital of Negros Oriental. In 1892, Siquijor became a part of Negros Oriental, having been administered by Spain under the politico-military province of Bohol; the Philippine Revolution reached Negros in 1898, disrupting government functions but without extreme violence and bloodshed. Revolutionary troops in the island were composed of farm labourers and other prominent people of the province of Negros Oriental, who were organized and led by Don Diego de la Viña.
The Spanish colonial government in Dumaguete and the rest of the island was overthrown on November 24, 1898. The Negros Occidental area under the leadership of Gen. Araneta, along with the Negros Oriental area under the leadership of Don Diego de la Viña, merged to form the Cantonal Republic of Negros, a separate government from the more familiar Malolos Republic established in Luzon. In 1901, the Negros Oriental province was reorganized by the United States and a civil government was established with Demetrio Larena as governor; the American government made Siquijor a "sub-province" of Negros Oriental. Negros Oriental became a province under the American civil government on March 10, 1917 through Act 2711. In 1934, Negros Oriental became a separate military district. Under the American colonial government, transportation infrastructure was developed with improvements of roads and new bridges. During World War II, both Negros provinces were invaded by Imperial Japanese forces, resorting many residents to flee to the inland mountains.
Negros Island was liberated by combined Philippine & American troops with the local Negrense guerillas attacking the Japanese on August 6, 1945. The 7th, 73rd, 74th and 75th Infantry Divisions of the Philippine Commonwealth Army were established from January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946 and the 7th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was active from October 28, 1944 to June 30, 1946 at the Military General Headquarters in Negros Oriental, they started the engagements of the Anti-Japanese Imperial Military Operations in Negros from 1942 to 1945 against the Japanese Imperial forces. On September 17 of 1971, Siquijor became an independent province by virtue of Republic Act No. 6396. In 29 May 2015, the Negros Island Region was formed when Negros Oriental was separated from Central Visayas and transferred to the new region along with Negros Occidental and Bacolod, when President Benigno Aquino III signed Executive Order No. 183, s. 2015. But it was abolished on August 2017 when President Rodrigo Duterte revoked Executive Order No.
183, s. 2015 through the signage of Executive Order No. 38, citing the reason of the lack of funds to establish the NIR according to Benjamin Diokno, the Secretary of Budget and Management, reverting Negros Oriental back into Central Visayas. However, with the Philippines' current presidential administration promoting federalism, the idea of the twin
Adamson University is a private and Catholic university in Manila, founded on June 20, 1932, by Greek immigrant George Lucas Adamson as the Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry. On February 5, 1941, the school was granted university status by the Department of Education, on December 4, 1964, the university was turned over to the Vincentian Fathers of the Congregation of the Mission and was incorporated into the Adamson-Ozanam Education Institutions, Inc. Adamson University is a Member of the University Athletics Association of the Philippines, its patron saint is Saint Vincent de Paul. Adamson University has programs in graduate school, the liberal arts, engineering, pharmacy, business administration, education, as well as secondary and preparatory education. Adamson University has eight courses listed as centers of development and centers of excellence by the Commission on Higher Education and has been granted Autonomous status. Adamson University was included in the top 201+ universities in Asia in the Quacquarelli Symonds Asia University Rankings 2011.
This top 5 in the Metro Manila area. Adamson University is located in Ermita in Manila; the Technological University of the Philippines, Santa Isabel College Manila, Emilio Aguinaldo College, Philippine Normal University are its nearest neighbors. Adamson University has seven buildings occupying 10.7 hectares of land. Ruthlane Uy Asmundson, former mayor of Davis, California Angelito Gatlabayan, former City Mayor and Representative of the 2nd District of Antipolo Kenneth Duremdes, basketball player, UNTV Cup Senate Defenders Head Coach, Adamson Falcons Head Coach Alex Nuyles, basketball player Louie Alas, Letran Knights coach Chad Alonzo, basketball player Lester Alvarez, basketball player Marlou Aquino, basketball player Ken Bono, basketball player Hector Calma, basketball player Gherome Ejercito, basketball player Edward Joseph Feihl, basketball player Eddie Laure, basketball player Melvin Mamaclay, basketball player Rafael Nepomuceno, bowler Jericho Cruz, basketball player Rodney Brondial, basketball player Eric Camson, basketball player Don Trollano.
Basketball player Jansen Rios, basketball player Prince Villanueva, actor Hazel Ann Mendoza, actress Nida Blanca, actress Florentino Floro, judge Francine Prieto, actress Jestoni Alarcon, actor Guillermo Gómez Rivera and writer Fernando Suarez, priest Neil Coleta, actor Tinik Ng Teatro Ugnayan Adamson University Official Website
A student publication is a media outlet such as a newspaper, television show, or radio station produced by students at an educational institution. These publications cover local and school related news, but they may report on national or international news as well. Most student publications are either part of a curricular class or run as an extracurricular activity. Student publications serve as both a platform for community discussion and a place for those interested in journalism to develop their skills; these publications report news, publish opinions of students and faculty, may run advertisements catered to the student body. Besides these purposes, student publications serve as a watchdog to uncover problems at the school; the majority of student publications are funded through their educational institution. Some funds may be generated through sales and advertisements, but the majority comes from the school itself; because of this, educational institutions have specific way in which they can influence the publications through funding.
Due to the rise in adoption of Internet accessible devices such as computers and smartphones, many high schools and colleges have begun offering online editions of their publications in addition to printed copies. Due to publishing content online student publications are now able to reach a much wider audience than before. With many student publications moving to online, content is more accessible to the student body and production of the content is easier and cheaper; as printed student publications become more and more scarce and student publications move online to best fit the news needs of today's students, student newspapers will run into several issues. One of these issues is the increase in demand for new content. While an update once a day or once a week was once acceptable for a student publication, real time information resources will soon be demanded by students who grew up with constant updates of news coverage; this shift in content demand will require more time by the student newspaper staff.
One of these issues is what is called the "daily me." Coined by Cass Sunstein in his book Republic.com, the "daily me" is the current trend of online readers looking for personalized information providers. In this way the reader deals with only the subjects. In this way readers are not inconvenienced by material they have no interest in and can personalize an information product themselves, providing added value to both themselves and the provider. However, some believe this trend may not be the best for society, now faced with a public that chooses how well to be informed. On a campus paper, this trend will manifest itself in the increased number of "hits" to the common "sports" and "opinion" sections of the paper, while hard news sections go un-noticed; this new type of print culture could result in drastic formatting and content changes for student newspapers. Gair rhydd, the student paper at Cardiff University, courted controversy when, on February 4, 2006, it reproduced the cartoons printed in Jyllands-Posten, depicting Muhammad.
The issue was withdrawn from publication within a day of being released, the editor and two other student journalists were suspended, a public apology was published in the next issue. In the same month, two editors of the Daily Illini, the independent student newspaper of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, were suspended after deciding to publish six of the twelve cartoons. However, student publications took a lead role in reprinting the Muhammad cartoons accompanying them with explanatory editorials. No fewer than 16 student newspapers and magazines in the United States, a handful in other countries, ran one or more of the caricatures. University student newspapers in the Australia are independent of university administration yet are connected with or run by the student representative organisation operating at the campus. Editors tend to be elected by the student body on a separate ticket to other student representatives and are paid an honorarium, although some student organisations have been known to employ unelected staff to coordinate the production of the newspaper.
Australian student newspapers have courted controversy since their inception. One of the more notorious of these controversies involved the publication of an article which incited readers to shoplift; the July edition of the magazine was banned by the Office of Film and Literature Classication following a campaign by conservative talkback radio hosts and other media to have the material banned. The four editors of the July 1995 edition of La Trobe University student magazine Rabelais were subsequently charged with publishing and depositing an objectionable publication. An objectional publication was defined as one that incites criminal activity; the editors lodged an appeal. The appeal was defeated by the full bench of the Federal Court, who refused the editors application to appeal to the High Court of Australia; the charges were dropped in March 1999. Many student newspapers in Canada are independent from student unions; such autonomous papers are funded by student fees won by referendums, as well as advertising, are run by their staffs, with no faculty input.
About 55 of Canada's student newspapers belong to a co-operative and newswire s
University of Santo Tomas
The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, or the University of Santo Tomas, is a private, Roman Catholic research university in Manila, Philippines. Founded on April 28, 1611 by Miguel de Benavides, Archbishop of Manila, it has the oldest extant university charter in the Philippines and in Asia, is one of the world's largest Catholic universities in terms of enrollment found on one campus; the university is run by the Order of Preachers. UST is the only university to have been visited by three popes four times: once by Pope Paul VI on November 28, 1970, twice by Pope John Paul II on February 18 1981 and January 13, 1995, once by Pope Francis on January 18, 2015; the patron of the university is St. Thomas Aquinas, while St. Catherine of Alexandria is the patroness; the university is composed of several autonomous faculties, colleges and institutes, each conferring undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, the basic education units. Several degree programs have been accredited by the Commission on Higher Education as Centers of Excellence and Centers of Development.
Moreover, it was awarded with an Institutional Accreditation by the CHED through the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines. In December 2013, the university was recognized to have the highest number of accredited programs in the country by the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities' Commission on Accreditation. Prominent Thomasians include saints, Filipino presidents, artists, scientists and religious figures, who have figured prominently in the history of the Philippines; the athletic teams are the Growling Tigers, who are members of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines and are consistent winners of the Overall Championship. The university campus is listed as one of the most viable sites in the Philippines to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, while the Archives of the University of Santo Tomas is listed as one of the most viable documentary heritage to be included in the UNESCO Memory of the World Programme; the foundation of the University is ascribed to Miguel de Benavides, O.
P. the third Archbishop of Manila. He came to the Philippines with the first Dominican mission in 1587, he went on to become bishop of Nueva Segovia, was promoted archbishop of Manila in 1601. Upon his death in July 1605, Benavides bequeathed his library and personal property worth 1,500 pesos to be used as the seed fund for the establishment of an institution of higher learning. Fr. Bernardo de Santa Catalina carried out Benavides's wishes and was able to secure a building near the Dominican church and convent in Intramuros for the College. In 1609, permission to open the College was requested from King Philip III of Spain, which only reached Manila in 1611. On April 28, 1611, notary Juan Illian witnessed the signing of the act of foundation by Baltasar Fort, OP, Bernardo Navarro, OP, Francisco Minayo, OP. Fort, appointed that year to the post of Father Provincial, became the rector in 1619; the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario, was established on April 28, 1611, from the Benavides's library.
Renamed Colegio de Santo Tomas, it was elevated by Pope Innocent X to a university on November 20, 1645 in his brief, In Supreminenti. This makes the institution the first in the islands to be formally elevated to the status of university, its complete name is The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines. It was given the title "Royal," by King Charles III of Spain in 1785; this makes the UST the first and only formally declared royal and pontifical university in the Philippines. The university was located within the walled city of Intramuros in Manila, it was started by the Spanish Archbishop of Manila in the early 17th century as a seminary for aspiring young priests, taking its name and inspiration from Saint Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican theologian. The first courses offered by the Colegio de Santo Tomas were canon law, philosophy, grammar, the arts, civil law. In 1871, it began offering degrees in the first in colonized Asia. At the beginning of the 20th century, with the growing student population, the Dominicans were given a 21.5 hectare land at the Sulucan Hills in Sampaloc and built its 215,000 square meter campus there in 1927 with the inauguration of its Main Building.
That year, it began accepting female enrollees. In the last four decades, the university grew into a full-fledged institution of higher learning, conferring degrees in law and various academic letters; the university has graduated Philippine national heroes and saints. The Medicine and Civil Law courses were retained in Intramuros at that time. During World War II, the Japanese forces converted the Sampaloc campus into an internment camp for enemy aliens Americans, living in the Philippines; the original Intramuros campus was destroyed in 1944 by an arson created by the Japanese Kempeitai. More than 4,000 foreigners survived under difficult conditions in the internment camp for 37 months from January 1942 until February 1945 when the camp was liberated by American soldiers. Since its establishment in 1611, the University's academic life was interrupted only twice: from 1898 to 1899, during the Philippine Revolution against Spain, from 1942 to 1945, during the Japanese occupation of the country.
In its long history, the university has been under the leadersh