click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

The Story of Mankind

The Story of Mankind was written and illustrated by Dutch-American journalist and author Hendrik Willem van Loon and published in 1921. In 1922, it was the first book to be awarded the Newbery Medal for an outstanding contribution to children's literature. Written for Van Loon's children, The Story of Mankind tells in brief chapters the history of western civilization beginning with primitive man, covering the development of writing and architecture, the rise of major religions, the formation of the modern nation-state. Van Loon explains in the book how he selected what and what not to include by subjecting all materials to the question: Did the person or event in question perform an act without which the entire history of civilization would have been different? After the book's first edition in 1921, Van Loon published an updated edition in 1926 which included an extra essay entitled "After Seven Years", about the effects of World War I and another update in 1938 with a new "Epilogue." Since Van Loon's death in 1944, The Story of Mankind has been added to extensively by his son, Gerrit van Loon.

The most recent version by Robert Sullivan covers events up to the early 2010s. In 1957 a film was made based on the book, titled The Story of Mankind, starring Ronald Colman and an all-star cast, among others, the Marx Brothers; the Story of Mankind at Project Gutenberg Plain text. The Story of Mankind, available at Internet Archive. Scanned, illustrated books; the Story of Mankind public domain audiobook at LibriVox

Dongfang Electric

Dongfang Electric Corporation is a Chinese publicly traded corporation engaged in the manufacturing of power generators and the contracts of power station projects. According to Platts, in 2009-10 the company was the second largest manufacturer of steam turbines by worldwide market share, tying with Harbin Electric and behind Shanghai Electric, it is based in Chengdu, Sichuan. Its subsidiary is Dongfang Electric Corporation Limited, its H shares and A shares were listed on Shanghai. 1958: Dongfang Electric Machinery Plant was established. 1984: Dongfang Electric Corporation was established by Ding Yi. 1993: China Dongfang Electric Machinery Plant was restructured to form Dongfang Electric Machinery Company Limited. 1994: Dongfang Electric Machinery Company was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 1995: Dongfang Electric Machinery Company was listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. 2007: China Dongfang Electric Corporation was listed in Dongfang Electric Machinery Company. Dongfang Electric Machinery Company was renamed to Dongfang Electric Corporation Limited.

Dongfang was accused by General Electric in court papers of benefitting from a rigged tendering process awarded by South African utility giant Eskom to install a new boiler at the Duvha Power Station. General Electric claims that Dongfang got the contract though its bid was R1 billion more than the General Electric bid. List of renewable energy companies by stock exchange List of wind turbine manufacturers Wind energy companies of China Wind power Dongfang Electric Corporation Dongfang Electric Corporation Limited

Rocket Jets

Rocket Jets was an attraction in Disneyland at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. This attraction opened in 1967 with the new Tomorrowland and closed in 1997 for the 1998 New Tomorrowland, it was the third spinning rocket attraction in Tomorrowland and stood three stories above the ground. When Tomorrowland was redone for 1998, the Rocket Jets were replaced by a new attraction based on Orbitron at the entrance to Discoveryland in Disneyland Park Paris; the Rocket Jets remained in their place above the former PeopleMover station as the Observatron, a sculpture, intended to spin and play music every fifteen minutes. There are only two tracks, from Space Mountain: De la Terre à la Lune and Le Visionarium, both of which are defunct Disneyland Paris attractions; the rockets were replaced by satellite dishes and the Saturn V rocket in the center was replaced by a laser-beam. However, the Observatron malfunctioned, as the machinery was built to operate more and to carry the rockets, rather than the satellite dishes they were replaced with.

It appeared to have mechanical issues, sometimes only playing music every 15 minutes, or not doing anything at all. In late 2006, the Observatron received much needed maintenance which allows the Observatron to now rotate every 15 minutes while playing its music as planned; as part of the maintenance, the old speakers were replaced with new ones and new speakers were added. Since this maintenance, the Observatron breaks down and operates on a daily basis as intended; the Saturn V rocket that the rockets were attached to was sold on eBay by Disney Auction in 2005. One remains on display, along with Skyway gondolas, in "Little Green Men Store Command" with a space ranger design. During Disneyland's 50th anniversary, one of the satellite dishes was replaced by a 50 Mickey Mouse head; the Rocket Jets appear in a scene from the Disney animated film Meet the Robinsons alongside another Disneyland attraction, Space Mountain. The area they are shown in is known as "Todayland"; the poster of the attraction appears as an easter egg in Monsters, Inc. on the kid bedroom during the scene when Mike Wazowski tries to make the kid laugh.

Astro Orbiter

Heinrich Martin Weber

Heinrich Martin Weber was a German mathematician. Weber's main work was in algebra, number theory, analysis, he is best known for his text Lehrbuch der Algebra published in 1895 and much of it is his original research in algebra and number theory. His work Theorie der algebraischen Functionen einer Veränderlichen established an algebraic foundation for Riemann surfaces, allowing a purely algebraic formulation of the Riemann-Roch theorem. Weber's research papers were numerous, most of them appearing in Crelle's Journal or Mathematische Annalen, he was the editor of Riemann's collected works. Weber was born in Heidelberg and entered the University of Heidelberg in 1860. In 1866 he became a privatdozent, in 1869 he was appointed as extraordinary professor at that school. Weber taught in Zurich at the Federal Polytechnic Institute, today the ETH Zurich, at the University of Königsberg, at the Technische Hochschule in Charlottenburg, his final post was at Alsace-Lorraine, where he died. In 1893 in Chicago, his paper Zur Theorie der ganzzahligen algebraischen Gleichungen was read at the International Mathematical Congress held in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition.

In 1895 and in 1904 he was president of the Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung. His doctoral students include Heinrich Brandt, E. V. Huntington, Louis Karpinski, Friedrich Levi. with Richard Dedekind: Theorie der algebraischen Functionen einer Veränderlichen. J. Reine Angew. Math. 92 181–290 Elliptische Functionen und algebraische Zahlen. Braunschweig 1891 Encyklopädie der Elementar-Mathematik. Ein Handbuch für Lehrer und Studierende. Leipzig 1903/07, with Bernhard Riemann: Die partiellen Differential-Gleichungen der mathematischen Physik. Braunschweig 1900-01 Lehrbuch der Algebra. Braunschweig 1924, ed. Robert Fricke Weber, Heinrich Martin, Lehrbuch der Algebra, 1, New York: AMS Chelsea Publishing, ISBN 978-0-8218-3258-5 Weber, Heinrich Martin, Lehrbuch der Algebra, 2, New York: AMS Chelsea Publishing, ISBN 978-0-8218-2647-8 Weber, Heinrich Martin, Lehrbuch der Algebra, 3, New York: AMS Chelsea Publishing, ISBN 978-0-8218-2971-4 The third volume is an expanded version of his earlier book "Elliptische Functionen und algebraische Zahlen".

Kronecker–Weber theorem Weber's theorem Weber's modular function Weber function O'Connor, John J.. Schappacher, Norbert, "On the history of Hilbert's twelfth problem: a comedy of errors", Matériaux pour l'histoire des mathématiques au XXe siècle, Sémin. Congr. 3, Paris: Société Mathématique de France, pp. 243–273, ISBN 978-2-85629-065-1, MR 1640262 Voss, A. "Heinrich Weber.", Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung, 23: 431–444, ISSN 0012-0456 Heinrich Martin Weber at the Mathematics Genealogy Project

Sakraida v. Ag Pro Inc.

Sakraida v. Ag Pro Inc. 425 U. S. 273, was a unanimous 1976 Supreme Court decision holding a claimed invention obvious because it "simply arranges old elements with each performing the same function it had been known to perform, although producing a more striking result than in previous combinations." The patent in this case covered "a water flush system to remove cow manure from the floor of a dairy barn." The system was a combination of conventional, well-known elements, using flowing water to flush cow manure from a barn. "Systems using flowing water to clean animal wastes from barn floors have been familiar on dairy farms since ancient times." The Court cited the fifth labor of Hercules as an example. It was conceded. "The only claimed inventive feature of the combination of old elements is the provision for abrupt release of the water from the tanks or pools directly onto the barn floor, which causes the flow of a sheet of water that washes all animal waste into drains within minutes and requires no supplemental hand labor."

Speaking for a unanimous Court, Justice William J. Brennan held that the claimed invention was obvious under the standards set out in prior Supreme Court decisions. Not only were each of the claimed elements old and well known, but what the inventor said was "the essence of the patent, to-wit, the manure flush system, was old, various means for flushing manure from dairy barns having been used long before the filing of the application." Moreover, "there is no change in the respective functions of the elements of the combination. One commentator expressed extreme disappointment with this decision and the trend of Supreme Court patent decisions away from a hoped-for "brief exultant moment" of decisions favorable to patenting: Sakraida coupled with the Black Rock decision, will send the conceptual clarity of inventors and judges, plummeting into the confusion, earlier prevalent. Section 103 and the Trilogy, which for a brief exultant moment cleared away the debris produced by the preexisting case law, are again being grossly misinterpreted by a bar cemented into its pre-1952 habits.

All persons involved should become more familiar with the fine distinctions produced in this area and recognize the intent of the United States Congress when its enacted Section 103 into law. If the courts, in particular the Supreme Court, do not have any "in house" expertise in the specialized areas of engineering and chemistry, they should make use of the many experts available and receive full and knowledgeable explanations of any baffling intricacies. Commentator Hal Wegner asserted that "the Federal Circuit sub silentio but repudiated the Supreme Court’s holding in Sakraida just seven years after it was decided, in the Federal Circuit's decision in Stratoflex, Inc. v. Aeroquip Corp. In the same vein, a much used patent law casebook said in 2003 that "in its early decisions, the Federal Circuit repudiated the holding" of Sakraida. Chris Cotropia maintained that in its 2007 decision in KSR International Co. v. Teleflex Inc. the Supreme Court "reaffirmed and further explained its holding" in Sakraida, while turning back the Federal Circuit's rejection and opposition to that precedent.

The citations in this article are written in Bluebook style. Please see the talk page for more information. Text of Sakraida v. Ag Pro Inc. 425 U. S. 273 is available from: CourtListener Findlaw Google Scholar Justia Library of Congress Oyez

Kathryn Stowell

Kathryn Mary Stowell is a New Zealand academic. She is a full professor at the Massey University. Stowell joined Massey University in 1976, after a 1990 PhD titled'Cloning and expression of the cDNA for human lactoferrin,' she rose to full professor in 2015. Stowell is best-known publicly for her work on malignant hyperthermia, a genetic disorder which causes a severe and fatal hypermetabolic reaction in susceptible people when exposed to inhaled anaesthetics or the muscle relaxant suxamethonium. Malignant hyperthermia has an incidence of between 1:10,000 and 1:250,000 worldwide, but 1:200 at Palmerston North Hospital due to a large family in the area carrying the gene for many generations. Stowell's work has concentrated on identifying the genetic basis for MH susceptibility, developing genetic testing to replace the invasive muscle biopsy test used. In 2015, Stowell was made an Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit for her services to biomedical science. Crossley, Michael Ludwig, Kathryn M. Stowell, Piet De Vos, Klaus Olek, George G. Brownlee.

"Recovery from hemophilia B Leyden: an androgen-responsive element in the factor IX promoter." Science 257, no. 5068: 377–379. Rosenberg, Neil Pollock, Anja Schiemann, Terasa Bulger, Kathryn Stowell. "Malignant hyperthermia: a review." Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 10, no. 1: 93. Davis, M. R. Brown, A. Dickson, H. Horton, D. James, N. Laing, R. Marston et al. "Malignant hyperthermia associated with exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis or congenital abnormalities and a novel RYR1 mutation in New Zealand and Australian pedigrees." British Journal of Anaesthesia 88, no. 4: 508–515. Stowell, K. M. T. A. Rado, W. D. Funk, J. W. Tweedie. "Expression of cloned human lactoferrin in baby-hamster kidney cells." Biochemical Journal 276, no. Pt 2: 349. Brown RL. "A novel ryanodine receptor mutation and genotype-phenotype correlation in a large malignant hyperthermia New Zealand Maori pedigree". Human Molecular Genetics. 9: 1515–24. Doi:10.1093/hmg/9.10.1515. PMID 10888602. Kathryn Stowell publications indexed by Google Scholar Publications by Kathryn Stowell, at ResearchGate