The Theory of Everything is a 2014 biographical romantic drama film directed by James Marsh. Set at the University of Cambridge, it details the life of the theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking, it was adapted by Anthony McCarten from the memoir Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen by Jane Hawking, which deals with her relationship with her ex-husband Stephen Hawking, his diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, his success in the field of physics. The film stars Eddie Redmayne and Felicity Jones, with Charlie Cox, Emily Watson, Simon McBurney, Christian McKay, Harry Lloyd, David Thewlis featured in supporting roles; the film had its world premiere at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival on 7 September 2014. It had its UK premiere on 1 January 2015; the film received positive reviews, with praise for the musical score and the performances of Jones and Redmayne. The film garnered numerous accolades, including five Academy Award nominations: Best Picture, Best Actress, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score and won Best Actor for Redmayne, becoming the latest-born winner of that award in the process.
The film received ten British Academy Film Awards nominations. It received four Golden Globe Award nominations, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama for Redmayne, Best Original Score for Jóhannsson, it received three Screen Actors Guild Awards nominations. At the University of Cambridge, astrophysics student Stephen Hawking begins a romantic relationship with literature student Jane Wilde. Although Stephen excels at mathematics and physics, his friends and professors are concerned over his lack of a thesis topic. After Stephen and his professor Dennis Sciama attend a lecture on black holes, Stephen speculates that black holes may have been part of the creation of the universe, decides to write his thesis on them. While pursuing his research, Stephen's muscles begin to fail causing him to fall and hit his head, he learns. The doctor regrettably tells Stephen. Stephen asks; the doctor tells Stephen that the disease will not affect it or his thoughts, but that no one will know what they are.
As Stephen becomes reclusive, focusing on his work, Jane confesses. She tells Stephen's father she intends to stay with Stephen as his condition worsens, they have their first son Robert. Stephen presents his thesis to the examination board, arguing that a black hole created the universe in a Big Bang, that it will emit heat, that it will end in a Big Crunch. While celebrating with Jane and his friends, Stephen realises he cannot walk, begins using a wheelchair. After the Hawkings have their daughter Lucy, Stephen develops a theory about the visibility of black holes, becomes a world-renowned physicist. Jane, focusing on the children and on Stephen's health and increasing fame, is unable to work on her own thesis and becomes frustrated. Stephen tells her he will understand, she joins the church choir, where she meets widower Jonathan and they become close friends. She employs him as a piano teacher for her son and Jonathan befriends the entire family, helping Stephen with his illness, supporting Jane, playing with the children.
When Jane gives birth to another son, Stephen's mother asks Jane if the baby is Jonathan's, which she denies. Jane sees that Jonathan overheard the conversation, is appalled, but when they are alone, they admit their feelings for one another. Jonathan stays away from the family. Stephen is invited to attend an opera performance in Bordeaux, suggests he attend with his students while Jane and Jonathan take the children camping. Stephen is taken ill during the performance, rushed to a hospital. While in the hospital, the doctor informs Jane that he has contracted pneumonia, that he needs a tracheotomy in order to survive, but which will leave him unable to speak, she agrees to the surgery. Stephen learns to use a spelling board, uses it to communicate with Elaine, his new nurse, he receives a computer with a built-in voice synthesiser, uses it to write a book, A Brief History of Time, which becomes an international best-seller. Stephen tells Jane that he has been invited to America to accept an award, will be taking Elaine with him.
Jane faces the realisation that her and Stephen's marriage has not been working, telling him she "did her best". Jane and Stephen agree to divorce. Stephen goes to the lecture with Elaine, the two having fallen in love, Jane and Jonathan reunite. At the lecture, Stephen sees a student drop a pen, he goes on to give an inspiring speech, saying, "There should be no boundaries to human endeavour. We are all different; however bad life may seem, there is always something you can do, succeed at. While there's life, there is hope". Stephen invites Jane to meet Queen Elizabeth II with him to receive his Order of the Companions of Honour. An extended closing series comprises select moments from the film. A final title sequence brings the lives of t
The Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference is a collegiate athletic conference affiliated in NCAA Division I, consisting of eleven schools coming from three states of the northeastern United States: Connecticut, New Jersey, New York. The members are all small private institutions, many of them Catholic or Catholic, the only exceptions being three private but secular institutions: Rider University and the conference's two newest members and Quinnipiac Universities; the conference headquarters is located in New Jersey. The Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference sponsors 22 sports and has many associate member institutions. Richard J. Ensor is the commissioner of the MAAC, a post he has held since 1988; the conference was founded in 1980 by six charter members: the U. S. Military Academy, Fairfield University, Fordham University, Iona College, Manhattan College, Saint Peter's College. Competition began the next year, in the sports of men’s cross-country and men’s soccer. Competition in men's and women's basketball began in the 1981–1982 season.
In 1984, the MAAC received an automatic bid to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament, where Iona was the first team to represent the MAAC on the men's side. In 1982, Saint Peter's was the first women's basketball team to represent the MAAC in the NCAA Women's Basketball Tournament; the conference possesses 15 automatic bids to NCAA Championships. In 2012–13, the MAAC became eligible for its 15th NCAA Championship when Women's Rowing fulfilled qualifying requirements; the league added football in 1993. From 1997 to 2003, the MAAC sponsored ice hockey. At that time, the hockey league changed its name to Atlantic Hockey. In 1997, Marist College and Rider University moved the majority of their intercollegiate athletic programs to the MAAC with the intent the MAAC would enhance media exposure and competition to their men's and women's Division I basketball programs. In September 2011, the conference announced the launch of MAAC. TV, the league's first broadband network. In March 2012, for the first time in 16 years, the MAAC had two teams advance to the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championship, with Loyola earning the league's automatic bid and Iona garnering an at-large bid.
In July 2013 Quinnipiac University and Monmouth University joined the MAAC to replace Loyola University Maryland, which departed to join the Patriot League. In 2013 the MAAC announced that it would add field hockey as its 25th sport with league play beginning in the 2013–14 academic year. However, field hockey was dropped after the 2018–19 academic year. Over the conference's history MAAC teams have achieved national and international acclaim in many sports. In the summer of 2002 the Marist men's varsity eight boat advanced to the semifinals of the Temple Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta. In 2007, the Marist women's basketball team advanced to the Sweet 16 of the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship; the Red Foxes have recorded five NCAA wins since their run in 2007. In the fall of 2011, the Iona men's cross country team finished tied for ninth place at the NCAA Championship race, extended the Gaels' streak to 10 straight Top 10 national finishes. In basketball MAAC teams have made a total of 80 NIT appearances and 50 NCAA basketball tournament appearances.
Notable MAAC student athletes include Mary Beth Riley, a 1991 graduate of Canisius, the first recipient of the NCAA Woman of the Year Award and Erin Whalen, a member of the Iona women's rowing team, who in the fall of 1998, was awarded one of the nation's 32 Rhodes Scholarships for academic achievement and civic leadership. The MAAC has 11 member institutions. For former associates in men's ice hockey, see Atlantic HockeyNotes The Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference sponsors championship competition in 10 men's and 13 women's NCAA sanctioned sports; the conference sponsors a championship in men's rowing, not sanctioned by the NCAA. Notes Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference which are played by MAAC schools: Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference which are played by MAAC schools: Notes MAAC men's basketball conference tournament locations In 2012, inspired by one of their all around best players Sean Armand, which had lost in the semifinals of that year's MAAC tournament, received an NCAA at-large tournament bid.
This was the second time. After St. Peter’s won the 1995 MAAC tournament, the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament selection committee awarded Manhattan College an at large bid; the Jaspers proved the committee correct by defeating Oklahoma in the first round. However, the same first-round success Manhattan enjoyed in the 1995 NCAA tournament could not be matched by Iona. In the 2012 NCAAs, the Gaels unexpectedly relinquished a 25-point, first-half lead to the BYU Cougars, falling 78–72 in Dayton, Ohio. Further, Iona's offense, the highest-scoring in the nation, managed just 17 points in the second half of that upset, it was the largest comeback in NCAA tournament history, besting the 22-point hole the Duke Blue Devils rallied from to defeat the Maryland Terrapins in the Final Four of the 2001 NCAA Tournament. Some of the notable sport figures who played collegiately and/or graduated from a MAAC school, include: Jack Armstrong, former MLB pitcher.
Manuel Arce y Ochotorena was a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Tarragona from 1944 until his death, was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII. Born in Ororbia, Manuel Arce y Ochotorena attended the seminaries in Pamplona and Zaragoza before going to Rome to study at the Pontifical Gregorian University and the Angelicum, he was ordained to the priesthood on 17 July 1904 and taught at Pamplona's seminary. Serving as vicar capitular and vicar general of Pamplona, Ochotorena was made an Apostolic Protonotary on 3 December 1926. On 5 February 1929 he was appointed Bishop of Zamora by Pope Pius XI, he received his episcopal consecration on the following June 16 from Archbishop Federico Tedeschini, with Bishops Tomás Muñiz Pablos and Mateo Múgica y Urrestarazu serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of Pamplona. Ochotorena was made Bishop of Oviedo on 22 January 1938 and Archbishop of Tarragona on 29 March 1944. Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal-Priest of Ss.
Vitale, Gervasio e Protasio in the consistory of 18 February 1946. The Cardinal died in Tarragona, at age 69, he is buried in the metropolitan cathedral of that same city. Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church Catholic-Hierarchy
The Bank of Scotland £50 note is a banknote of the pound sterling. It is the second largest of five banknote denominations issued by the Bank of Scotland; the current cotton note, first issued in 2007 bears the image of Walter Scott on the obverse and a vignette of the Falkirk Wheel on the reverse. Paper currency was introduced in Scotland following the foundation of the Bank of Scotland in 1695. Early banknotes were monochrome, printed on one side only; the issuing of banknotes by Scottish banks was regulated by the Banknote Act 1845 until it was superseded by the Banking Act 2009. Though not legal tender in Scotland, Scottish banknotes are legal currency and are accepted throughout the United Kingdom. Scottish banknotes are backed such that holders have the same level of protection as those holding genuine Bank of England notes; the £50 note is the second largest of five denominations of banknote issued by the Bank of Scotland. The Tercentenary series of Bank of Scotland notes was introduced in 1995, is named for the three hundredth anniversary of the bank's founding, which occurred in that year.
Each note features a portrait of Walter Scott on the front. The £50 note has a triangle on the front to aid identification for those with impaired vision; the back features an image of the location of the bank's headquarters. Each denomination features a rear design reflecting a certain aspect of Scottish industry and society. On the £ 50 note the rear design represents Scotland's achievements in culture. Three symbols appear on the right-hand side of the rear of the note; these are Pallas, goddess of weaving, a saltire with gold bezants, ship (symbol of the Union Bank of Scotland which merged with the Bank of Scotland in 1955. The Bridges series of banknotes was introduced in 2007 to replace the Tercentenary series; the size and colour remain is unchanged, Walter Scott remains on the obverse. The image of The Mound was moved to the front and a new rear design featuring the Falkirk Wheel appears; the text has been updated to a more modern style and new large, raised numerals act as an aid for the sighted.
Information taken from The Committee of Scottish Bankers website. The Committee of Scottish Bankers website
Provincial League known as Pro League was the old regional Football league in Thailand in 1999-2008. It was founded in 1999 under the name "Provincial League" organized by Sports Authority of Thailand and Ministry of Tourism and Sports; the name was changed to "Professional League" in 2004 and changed back to "Provincial League" in 2007. Before combining with Thailand Division 2 League in 2009, The Pro League was contested by clubs from provinces of Thailand divided into 5 regions. During 1999-2004, Provincial League was competed parallel with Thai Premier League; the winners and runners-up from each regions will play in playoff matches in the tournament at the end of a season. The top two teams are promoted to Thailand Division 2 League. Provincial League was founded in 1999; the idea of Pro League came from two reasons: introducing the full professional football players and supporting the regional football clubs. Before the Pro League, many clubs in the Thai Premier League, another top national league, came from the government authorities, the military, amateur clubs from big private companies.
All of those clubs located in Bangkok and regional clubs are not supported by the government. The Sports Authority of Thailand proposed a new league which includes teams from different provinces. During 1999-2006, Pro League had two divisions, Pro League 1 and Pro League 2. Pro League 1 played in home-away format; the last two teams in the table are relegated into Pro League 2. The rest of the teams playing in Pro League 2 divided into 5 geographical regions; the winners and runners-up from each regions will play in the tournament format at the end of the season. The winner and runner-up of the tournament are promoted into Pro League 1. In 2007, Pro League 1 was merged into Thailand Division 1 League. Pro League 2 changed the name to "Provincial League" again playing in the same format; the end-season tournament got the name of SAT Championship. The top two team are promoted into Thailand Division 2 League 2008. In 2009, Provincial League was combined to 2009 Regional League Division 2 by the Football Association of Thailand.
The close central rounded vowel, or high central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʉ⟩, the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is }. Both the symbol and the sound are referred to as "barred u"; the close central rounded vowel is the vocalic equivalent of the rare labialized post-palatal approximant. In most languages this rounded vowel is pronounced with protruded lips. However, in a few cases the lips are compressed; some languages feature the near-close central rounded vowel, lower. It is most transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʉ̞⟩ and ⟨ʊ̈⟩, but other transcriptions such as ⟨ʊ̟⟩ and ⟨ɵ̝⟩ are possible; the symbol ⟨ᵿ⟩, a conflation of ⟨ʊ⟩ and ⟨ʉ⟩, is used as an unofficial extension of the IPA to represent this sound by a number of publications, such as Accents of English by John C. Wells. In the third edition of the Oxford English Dictionary, ⟨ᵿ⟩ represents free variation between /ʊ/ and /ə/; the close central protruded vowel is transcribed in IPA as ⟨ʉ⟩, and, the convention used in this article.
As there is no dedicated diacritic for protrusion in the IPA, symbol for the close central rounded vowel with an old diacritic for labialization, ⟨ ̫⟩, can be used as an ad hoc symbol ⟨ʉ̫⟩ for the close central protruded vowel. Another possible transcription is ⟨ ʉʷ ⟩ or ⟨ ɨʷ ⟩, its vowel height is close known as high, which means the tongue is positioned close to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel, its roundedness is protruded, which means that the corners of the lips are drawn together, the inner surfaces exposed. Because central rounded vowels are assumed to have protrusion, few descriptions cover the distinction, some of the following may have compression; as there is no official diacritic for compression in the IPA, the centering diacritic is used with the front rounded vowel, compressed. Other possible transcriptions are ⟨ɨ͡β̞⟩ and ⟨ɨᵝ⟩.
Its vowel height is close known as high, which means the tongue is positioned close to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel, its roundedness is compressed, which means that the margins of the lips are tense and drawn together in such a way that the inner surfaces are not exposed. This vowel is transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʉ⟩, it occurs in some dialects of Swedish, but see close front compressed vowel. The close back vowels of Norwegian and Swedish are compressed. See close back compressed vowel. Medumba has a compressed central vowel. Close back compressed vowel Close front protruded vowel List of languages with on PHOIBLE